Organizing Political Parties

Representation, Participation, and Power

Author: Susan E. Scarrow,Paul D. Webb,Thomas Poguntke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198758634

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 3433

Political party organizations play large roles in democracies, yet their organizations differ widely, and their statutes change much more frequently than constitutions or electoral laws. How do these differences, and these frequent changes, affect the operation of democracy? This book seeks to answer these questions by presenting a comprehensive overview of the state of party organization in nineteen contemporary democracies. Using a unique new data collection, the book's chapters test propositions about the reasons for variation and similarities across party organizations. They find more evidence of within-country similarity than of cross-national patterns based on party ideology. After exploring parties' organizational differences, the remaining chapters investigate the impact of these differences. The volume considers a wide range of theories about how party organization may affect political life, including the impact of party rules on the selection of female candidates, the links between party decision processes and the stability of party programmes, the connection between party finance sources and public trust in political parties, and whether the strength of parties' extra-parliamentary organization affects the behaviour of their elected legislators. Collectively these chapters help to advance comparative studies of elections and representation by inserting party institutions and party agency more firmly into the centre of such studies. Comparative Politics is a series for researchers, teachers, and students of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu. The series is edited by Emilie van Haute, Professor of Political Science, Universite libre de Bruxelles; Ferdinand Muller-Rommel, Director of the Center for the Study of Democracy, Leuphana University; and Susan Scarrow, Chair of the Department of Political Science, University of Houston.

Liberal Parties in Europe

Author: Emilie van Haute,Caroline Close

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351245481

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 8064

This book investigates how liberal parties have evolved over time as a party family, in a comparative perspective. Through a discussion of the applicability of the concept of party family to liberal parties, it gives a better picture of the development, challenges, and opportunities for liberal parties in Europe. The history of liberal parties in Europe is peculiar and the origins of the liberal family are not clearly defined. Liberal parties are still quite heterogeneous given the various meanings embraced in the idea of liberalism, including economic liberalism, cultural liberalism, progressivism, social-liberalism. Bringing together the best specialists engaged in the study of liberal parties, and with a two-levels perspective (comparative and case study), this book renews and expands our knowledge on the liberal party family in Europe. Four major themes are developed, linked to the four approaches of the concept of party family: electoral performances, participation to power, ideology and political program, and party organization. These themes are systematically developed in case studies, and in comparative chapters. Primarily aimed at scholars and students in comparative politics, this book should especially appeal to scholars in the fields of political parties and party systems, representation and elections, voting behavior, and public opinion.

Party Reform

The Causes, Challenges, and Consequences of Organizational Change

Author: Anika Gauja

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198717164

Category:

Page: 224

View: 5758

Party Reform is a new comparative study of the politics of party organization. The book provides a novel perspective in party scholarship and develops the concept of 'reform' as distinct from evolutionary and incremental processes of party change. As an outcome, reform is captured in deliberate and often very public changes to parties' organizational rules and processes. As a process, it offers a party the opportunity to 're-brand' and publicly alter its image, to emphasize certain strategic priorities over others, and to alter relationships of power within the party. Analyzing the last ten years of party reform across a handful of established democracies including Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada and Germany, the book examines what motivates political parties to undertake organizational reforms and how they go about this process. Party Reform reveals how parties' perceptions of the social trends in which they operate shape reform agendas, and how this relates to competitive demands and pressures from within the party for organizational change. In addition to the motivations for reform, the book is equally concerned with the process of reform. The book demonstrates that declining party memberships have had a fundamental effect on the way in which political parties 'sell' organizational reform: as part of a broader rhetoric of democratization, of re-engagement, and of modernization delivered to diverse audiences - both internal and external to the party. The chapters focus particularly on four key reform initiatives that begin to blur the traditional boundaries of party: the introduction of primaries, the changing meaning of party membership, issues-based online policy development, and community organizing campaigns. Using these cutting-edge developments as primary examples, this book provides a framework for understanding why, and how, reforms occur, and what the consequences might be - in terms of how we think about modern political parties as vehicles for participation and representation. Comparative Politics is a series for researchers, teachers, and students of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu. The series is edited by Emilie van Haute, Professor of Political Science, Universite libre de Bruxelles; Ferdinand Muller-Rommel, Director of the Center for the Study of Democracy, Leuphana University; and Susan Scarrow, Chair of the Department of Political Science, University of Houston.

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics

Author: Susan Carol Stokes

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199278480

Category: Political Science

Page: 1021

View: 1245

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics offers a critical survey of the field of empirical political science through the collection of a set of chapters written by 48 top scholars in the discipline of comparative politics

MODERN COMPARATIVE POLITICS

APPROACHES, METHODS AND ISSUES

Author: SAMIRENDRA N. RAY

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9788120314887

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 4575

Designed primarily as an introductory textbook for graduate and senior undergraduate students offering comparative politics as a compulsory course, this finely integrated text is by far the most comprehensive, yet concise and critical analysis of the contending approaches, methods, and models and the theory-building efforts made in the second half of this century. The book provides a lucid and up-to-date presentation of the ramifications of the governmental process and political dynamics, issues and problems relating to the structure, function, process and operation of governmental and political organizations in a genuinely comparative perspective.

Women and Political Participation

A Reference Handbook

Author: Barbara C. Burrell

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1851095926

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 6590

An illuminating analysis of the long and ongoing struggle of women in America to gain political equality and bring about change in public policy.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Politics

Author: Georgina Waylen,Karen Celis,Johanna Kantola,S. Laurel Weldon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199324042

Category: Political Science

Page: 888

View: 1775

As a field of scholarship, gender and politics has exploded over the last fifty years and is now global, institutionalized, and ever expanding. The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Politics brings to political science an accessible and comprehensive overview of the key contributions of gender scholars to the study of politics and shows how these contributions produce a richer understanding of polities and societies. Like the field it represents, the handbook has a broad understanding of what counts as political and is based on a notion of gender that highlights masculinities as well as femininities, thereby moving feminist debates in politics beyond the focus on women. It engages with some of the key aspects of political science as well as important themes in gender and feminist research (such as sexuality and body politics), thereby forging a dialogue between gender studies in politics and mainstream political science. The handbook is organized in sections that look at sexuality and body politics; political economy; civil society; participation, representation and policymaking; institutions, states and governance as well as nation, citizenship and identity. The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Politics contains and reflects the best scholarship in its field.

The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions

Political Engagement and Participation

Author: Miki Caul Kittilson,Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199608601

Category: Political Science

Page: 175

View: 4621

The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions argues that in most countries women continue to lag behind men in an array of political orientations and activities. Understanding this, and why some countries have been more successful than others in decreasing gender gaps, is imperative for producing stronger and more representative democracies.

Sexus und Herrschaft

Die Tyrannei des Mannes in unserer Gesellschaft

Author: Kate Millett

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462411209

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 9367

»Sexus und Herrschaft« ist Kate Milletts erstes Buch. Es erschien 1969 und machte die Autorin über Nacht berühmt. Übersetzungen in zahlreiche Sprachen folgten. Kate Millett stellt in ihrem Buch die These auf, daß Sexualität ein politisches Instrument ist und der Koitus, die scheinbar intimste Beziehung zwischen den Geschlechtern, dem Patriarchat zur Unterdrückung und Demütigung der Frau dient. Als Beleg für ihre These analysiert sie die Werke von Autoren wie D. H. Lawrence, Henry Miller, Norman Mailer, Jean Genet. Das Buch gehört seit seinem Erscheinen zu den Standardwerken der Frauenbewegung.

Parteiorganisation im Wandel

Gesellschaftliche Verankerung und organisatorische Anpassung im europäischen Vergleich

Author: Thomas Poguntke

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322963918

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 6527

Politische Parteien haben im wesentlichen zwei Wege, dauerhafte und zweiseitige Verbindungen zu den Bürgern herzustellen und zu unterhalten: über die eigene Mitgliederorganisation und durch eine Vernetzung mit intermediären Organisationen und Nebenorganisationen. Die eigene Mitgliederorganisation stellt einen wichtigen, direkten Transmissionskanal dar, da sie den Parteien erlaubt, durch ihre Mitglieder für ihre politischen Ziele in der Gesellschaft zu werben und andererseits politische Stimmungen und Präferenzen der Bevölkerung wahrzunehmen und in politisches Handeln umzusetzen. Die Vernetzung mit den verschiedenen Arten kollateraler Organisationen erfüllt prinzipiell die gleichen Funktionen, allerdings laufen diese Prozesse über externe, teilweise unabhängige Organisationen vermittelt ab. In der Studie wird der Frage nachgegangen, wie sich diese "Linkages" zwischen Parteien und Bürgern in Westeuropa seit 1960 verändert haben. Untersucht werden 78 Parteien in 11 westeuropäischen Ländern. Im Mittelpunkt stehen dabei die Entwicklung der Mitgliederzahlen und Veränderungen in der organisatorischen Verknüpfung zwischen den Entscheidungsgremien politischer Parteien und den verschiedenen Arten kollateraler Organisationen. Hierbei zeigt sich, daß Ausmaß und Intensität der gesellschaftlichen Verankerung politischer Parteien in Westeuropa deutlich schwächer geworden sind. Bemerkenswert ist außerdem, daß neue Parteien über fast keine gesellschaftlichen Bindungen verfügen.

Die Politik

Author: Aristoteles,Christian Garve

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3076

The American Anomaly

U.S. Politics and Government in Comparative Perspective

Author: Raymond A. Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135907846

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5680

The American Anomaly systematically analyzes and explains the U.S. political system by way of comparison with other countries, especially other industrialized democracies. It is organized into four distinct sections, respectively covering the constitutional order, governmental institutions, political participation, and public policymaking.

Die Geburt der modernen Welt

Eine Globalgeschichte 1780-1914

Author: Christopher A. Bayly

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593404885

Category: History

Page: 650

View: 9447

Christopher Baylys weltumspannender Blick auf das Agieren der Staaten, die vielfältigen Ausprägungen von Gesellschaftsordnungen, Religionen und Lebensweisen zeigt auf verblüffende Weise, wie eng schon im 19. Jahrhundert die Entwicklung Europas mit dem Geschehen in den anderen Erdteilen verknüpft war. »Ein mutiger Wurf, der geeignet ist, eingefahrene Sichtweisen aufzubrechen.« Johannes Willms, Süddeutsche Zeitung »Dieses Werk schafft ein neues Geschichtsbild; wie viele Bücher können das schon von sich behaupten?« Frankfurter Rundschau Ausgezeichnet als "Historisches Buch des Jahres" der Zeitschrift DAMALS Ausgezeichnet von H-Soz-u-Kult als "Das Historische Buch 2007" in der Kategorie "Entangled History"

The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Politics

Author: Todd Landman,Neil Robinson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446206556

Category: Political Science

Page: 560

View: 4059

'Editors Landman and Robinson have compiled an excellent tour d'horizon of comparative politics. Distinguished contributors explore theoretical and methodological issues as well as examine the critical substantive domains that animate today's comparativists. Graduate students and academics will want to keep this volume on their book shelf' - Professor Mark Irving Lichbach, University of Maryland 'The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Politics is a major new resource for scholars of comparative politics, and of political science more generally. The Handbook covers the field with admirable thoroughness, but does not sacrifice depth for breadth. The chapters are written by notable scholars who provide rich discussions of their topics, and help to move the sub-discipline forward' - B. Guy Peters, Professor, University of Pittsburgh The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Politics presents; in one volume, an authoritative overview of the theoretical, methodological and substantive elements of comparative political science. The 28 specially commissioned chapters, written by renowned comparative scholars, guide the reader through the central issues and debates, presenting a state-of-the-art guide to the past, present and possible futures of the field. The Handbook is divided into three parts. The first considers comparative methodologies and reviews the interactions between various sub-fields of comparative politics: political economy; political sociology; area studies; international relations; and institutional analysis. The second section examines nine 'classic' issues of concern to comparativists, including government formation, political behaviour and democratization. In the final section, nine new and emerging areas of comparative research are considered, such as terrorism, electoral corruption, human rights and regional integration. The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Politics is an essential resource for researchers in political science, political sociology, political economy, international relations, area studies and all other fields with a comparative political dimension.

American Politics and Society

Author: David McKay

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405151897

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 9630

Completely revised and updated to take full account of the mostrecent and dramatic changes in the nature of American government,the sixth edition provides a clear and concise introduction to USpolitics for all students of political science and Americanstudies. Explains, analyses and interprets the processes of USgovernment and, crucially, appraises them from a non-USperspective. Includes commentary on the 2004 presidentialelection. Fills in the social background to American political andeconomic life, preparing the ground for the central discussion ofthe book: the institutions of the federal government, Congress, theSupreme Court and the Constitution, the federal system, thePresidency, the party bandwagons and the electoral system. Reduced emphasis on limited government and greater emphasis onforeign and domestic policy linked into the War on Terror. Reworkedthroughout to reflect recent developments, with two completely newchapters on The Media and American Politics, and The SecurityState. Supported by a website, www.blackwellpublishing.com/mckay,including information on the book; its detailed contents; theauthor; controversies; sample chapters; selected tables; relatedtitles; and links to other web resources. It will be regularlyupdated to ensure teachers and students have access to the mostrecent data.

Comparative Political Leadership

Author: Ludger Helms

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137264918

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 852

This volume has been designed as a key resource in the field of international political leadership research. Written by a team of distinguished leadership scholars from three continents and nine countries, the original chapters gathered in this volume cover all the major fields of political leadership, from executive, legislative and party leadership to leadership in social movements and international organizations. The special value and appeal of this book relates to its genuinely comparative focus that characterizes all chapters.

Politics in Pacific Asia

An Introduction

Author: X. Huang,Jason Young

Publisher: Palgrave

ISBN: 1137466502

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 2557

This lively and accessible new edition provides a uniquely broad-ranging introduction to the governance and politics of Pacific Asia. Thematically structured around the key institutions and issues, it is genuinely comparative in its approach to the whole region. A range of representative countries (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam and the Philippines) are used as key case examples throughout and each of them is subject to a detailed full-page country profile. Key features include: • 'Pacific Asia in Context' – comparisons with other parts of the world • 'Country Profiles' – essential facts on Pacific Asian countries • Boxed, on-page definitions for key terms • Annotated lists of further reading for each chapter • Study questions for each chapter This diverse region is a fascinating area for study. Politics in Pacific Asia provides a framework to form a coherent understanding of the region's politics; it balances persistent patterns with the latest developments and general characteristics with the differing cultures, histories and institutions of individual countries.

Organizing Civil Society

The Popular Sectors and the Struggle for Democracy in Chile

Author: Philip D. Oxhorn

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271043425

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6696