Outline of a Theory of Practice

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268117

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3375

Outline of a Theory of Practice is recognized as a major theoretical text on the foundations of anthropology and sociology. Pierre Bourdieu, a distinguished French anthropologist, develops a theory of practice which is simultaneously a critique of the methods and postures of social science and a general account of how human action should be understood. With his central concept of the habitus, the principle which negotiates between objective structures and practices, Bourdieu is able to transcend the dichotomies which have shaped theoretical thinking about the social world. The author draws on his fieldwork in Kabylia (Algeria) to illustrate his theoretical propositions. With detailed study of matrimonial strategies and the role of rite and myth, he analyses the dialectical process of the 'incorporation of structures' and the objectification of habitus, whereby social formations tend to reproduce themselves. A rigorous consistent materialist approach lays the foundations for a theory of symbolic capital and, through analysis of the different modes of domination, a theory of symbolic power.

Readings for A History of Anthropological Theory

Author: Paul A. Erickson,Liam Donat Murphy

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442606568

Category: Social Science

Page: 601

View: 3134

This comprehensive anthology offers over 40 readings that are critical to the understanding of anthropological theory and the development of anthropology as an academic discipline. The fourth edition maintains a strong focus on the "four-field" roots of the discipline in North America but has been reorganized with a new section on twenty-first-century theory, including coverage of postcolonial and public anthropology. New key terms and introductions accompany each reading and a revamped glossary makes the book more student-friendly. Used on its own, or together with the overview text A History of Anthropological Theory, Fourth Edition, this anthology offers a flexible and unrivaled introduction to anthropological theory that reflects not only the history but also the changing nature of the discipline today. For additional resources, visit the "Teaching Theory" page at www.utpteachingculture.com.

Sozialer Sinn

Kritik der theoretischen Vernunft

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518286661

Category:

Page: 503

View: 7618

The Logic of Practice

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804720113

Category: Social Science

Page: 333

View: 2727

Our usual representations of the opposition between the "civilized" and the "primitive" derive from willfully ignoring the relationship of distance our social science sets up between the observer and the observed. In fact, the author argues, the relationship between the anthropologist and his object of study is a particular instance of the relationship between knowing and doing, interpreting and using, symbolic mastery and practical mastery—or between logical logic, armed with all the accumulated instruments of objectification, and the universally pre-logical logic of practice. In this, his fullest statement of a theory of practice, Bourdieu both sets out what might be involved in incorporating one's own standpoint into an investigation and develops his understanding of the powers inherent in the second member of many oppositional pairs—that is, he explicates how the practical concerns of daily life condition the transmission and functioning of social or cultural forms. The first part of the book, "Critique of Theoretical Reason," covers more general questions, such as the objectivization of the generic relationship between social scientific observers and their objects of study, the need to overcome the gulf between subjectivism and objectivism, the interplay between structure and practice (a phenomenon Bourdieu describes via his concept of the habitus), the place of the body, the manipulation of time, varieties of symbolic capital, and modes of domination. The second part of the book, "Practical Logics," develops detailed case studies based on Bourdieu's ethnographic fieldwork in Algeria. These examples touch on kinship patterns, the social construction of domestic space, social categories of perception and classification, and ritualized actions and exchanges. This book develops in full detail the theoretical positions sketched in Bourdieu's Outline of a Theory of Practice. It will be especially useful to readers seeking to grasp the subtle concepts central to Bourdieu's theory, to theorists interested in his points of departure from structuralism (especially fom Lévi-Strauss), and to critics eager to understand what role his theory gives to human agency. It also reveals Bourdieu to be an anthropological theorist of considerable originality and power.

Archaeology and Cultural Mixture

Creolization, Hybridity and Mestizaje

Author: Philipp W. Stockhammer,Eleftheria Pappa,Louise Hitchcock,Aren Maeir,Magdalena Naum,Stephanie Langin-Hooper,Stephan Palmié,Marcus Brittain,Timothy Clack,Juan Salazar Bonet,Diana D. Loren,Hendrik Van Gijseghem,Yigal Levin,Carla M. Antonaccio,Bettina Bader,Mary C. Beaudry,Parker VanValkenburgh,Geoffrey G. McCafferty,Carrie L. Dennett

Publisher: Archaeological Review from Cambridge

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 367

View: 4560

Liturgy Wars

Ritual Theory and Protestant Reform in Nineteenth-Century Zurich

Author: Theodore M. Vial

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135886911

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 3607

The nineteenth century was a period of intense religious conflict across Europe, as people confronted the major changes brought by modernity. In Zurich, one phase of this religious conflict was played out in a struggle over revisions to the ritual of baptism. In its analysis of the Zurich conflict, Liturgy Wars offers a strategy for understanding the links between theology, ritual, and socio-politics. Theodore M. Vial offers a new perspective on contemporary ritual studies - and critiques the cognivist approaches of Lawson and McCauley, as well as Catherine Bell's analysis of power and the body - by reintergrating the imporatance of speech acts into considerations of ritual.

Meaning in Action

Outline of an Integral Theory of Culture

Author: Rein Raud

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509511288

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3978

In this important new book Rein Raud develops an original theory of culture understood as a loose and internally contradictory system of texts and practices that are shared by intermittent groups of people and used by them to make sense of their life-worlds. This theory views culture simultaneously in two ways: as a world of texts, tangible and shareable products of signifying acts, and as a space of practices, repeatable activities that produce, disseminate and interpret these clusters of meaning. Both approaches are developed into corresponding models of culture which, used together, are able to provide a rich understanding of any meaning in action. In developing this innovative theory, Raud draws on a wide range of disciplines, from anthropology, sociology and cultural studies to semiotics and philosophy. The theory is illustrated throughout with examples drawn from both 'high' and popular culture, and from Western and Asian traditions, dealing with both contemporary and historical topics. The book concludes with two case studies from very different contexts – one dealing with Italian poetry in the 13th century, the other dealing with the art scene in Eastern Europe in the 1990s. This timely and original work makes a major new contribution to the theory of culture and will be welcomed by students and scholars throughout the social sciences and humanities.

Manet

Eine symbolische Revolution

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518741853

Category: Social Science

Page: 921

View: 8866

Wie vollzieht sich eine symbolische Revolution? Wann hat sie Erfolg? Am Beispiel des Begründers der modernen Malerei, Édouard Manet, geht der große französische Soziologe diesen Fragen in seinen bahnbrechenden Vorlesungen am Collège de France aus den Jahren 1998 bis 2000 nach. Begleitet werden die Vorlesungen von einem Manuskript über Manet, an dem Bourdieu mit seiner Frau Marie-Claire gearbeitet hat. Eine Entdeckung! Bourdieu situiert Manets Malerei in der Krise der Kunst Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts – in einem Moment, in dem zum einen die Zahl der Künstler zunimmt und zum anderen die staatliche Autorität in der Beurteilung des Wertes von Kunst fundamental in Frage gestellt wird. In dieser Situation bricht Manet mit den Regeln der akademischen Malerei und revolutioniert die gesamte ästhetische Ordnung. Seine Gemälde sind als Kampfansagen zu verstehen: an die Bewahrer des Akademismus, an den Populismus der Realisten, an den kommerziellen Ekklektizismus der Genremaler und sogar an den im Entstehen begriffenen Impressionismus. Solche symbolischen Revolutionen, so arbeitet Bourdieu heraus, sind nur vor dem Hintergrund der Konstellationen des gesamten kulturellen Feldes zu erklären. Mit seinen Studien zu Manet hat Bourdieu nicht weniger als ein Grundlagenwerk der Kunstsoziologie geschaffen.

Theory and Practice in the Philosophy of David Hume

Author: James Wiley

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137026421

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 9134

An original interpretation of Hume's philosophy as centered on the relationship between theory and practice. The author argues that Hume's Essays and History represent a humanist practical philosophy derived from the speculative philosophy of A Treatise of Human Nature and the Enquiries .

Studies in Culture Contact

Interaction, Culture Change, and Archaeology

Author: James G. Cusick

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809334097

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 8367

People have long been fascinated about times in human history when different cultures and societies first came into con�tact with each other, how they reacted to that contact, and why it sometimes oc�curred peacefully and at other times was violent or catastrophic. Studies in Culture Contact: Interaction, Culture Change, and Archaeology, edited by James G. Cusick, seeks to define the role of culture contact in human history, to identify issues in the study of culture contact in archaeology, and to provide a critical overview of the major theoretical approaches to the study of culture and contact. Contributors consider three forms of culture contact--colonization, cultural en�tanglement, and symmetrical exchange. Part I provides a critical overview of theo�retical approaches to the study of culture contact, while Part II contains eleven case studies of specific contact situations and their relationships to the archaeological record. Studies in Culture Contact pro�vides an extensive review of the history of culture contact in anthropological stud�ies and develops a broad framework for studying culture contact's role, moving beyond a simple formulation of contact and change to a more complex under�standing of the amalgam of change and continuity in contact situations.

A Clash of Ideologies

Marxism, Liberation Theology, and Apocalypticism in New Testament Studies

Author: Randall W. Reed

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630878073

Category: Religion

Page: 194

View: 5108

Marxism is one of the revolutionary social-scientific theories that has come to have a prominent place in New Testament studies in the United States. It is often combined with liberation theology and applied to apocalyptic texts. This book argues that the basic presuppositions of these three ideological systems are ultimately at odds with one another. The study then traces the kinds of moves scholars in New Testament studies have made to overcome this problem.

A Critical Psychology

Interpretation of the Personal World

Author: Edmund V. Sullivan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461326737

Category: Science

Page: 212

View: 8503

If the reader will excuse a brief anecdote from my own intellectual history, I would like to use it as an introduction to this book. In 1957, I was a sophomore at an undergraduate liberal arts college major ing in medieval history. This was the year that we were receiving our first introduction to courses in philosophy, and I took to this study with a passion. In pursuing philosophy, I discovered the area called "philosophical psychology," which was a Thomistic category of inquiry. For me, "philosophical psychology" meant a more intimate study of the soul (psyche), and I immediately concluded that psychology as a discipline must be about this pursuit. This philosophical interest led me to enroll in my first introductory psychology course. Our text for this course was the first edition of Ernest Hilgaard's Introduction to Psychology. My reasons for entering this course were anticipated in the introductory chapter of Hilgaard's book, where the discipline and its boundaries were discussed, and this introduction was to disabuse me of my original intention for enrolling in the course. I was to learn that, in the 20th century, people who called themselves psychologists were no longer interested in perennial philosophical questions about the human psyche or person. In fact, these philosophical questions were considered to be obscurantist and passe. Psychology was now the "scientific" study of human behavior. This definition of psychology by Hilgaard was by no means idiosyncratic to this introductory textbook.

Wir sind nie modern gewesen

Versuch einer symmetrischen Anthropologie

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3050070153

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 4418

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 3488

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Anthropology in Theory

Issues in Epistemology

Author: Henrietta L. Moore,Todd Sanders

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118780590

Category: Social Science

Page: 616

View: 6116

This second edition of the widely praised Anthropology inTheory: Issues in Epistemology, features a variety of updates,revisions, and new readings in its comprehensive presentation ofissues in the history of anthropological theory and epistemologyover the past century. Provides a comprehensive selection of 60 readings and aninsightful overview of the evolution of anthropological theory Revised and updated to reflect an on-going strength anddiversity of the discipline in recent years, with new readingspointing to innovative directions in the development ofanthropological research Identifies crucial concepts that reflect the practice ofengaging with theory, particular ways of thinking, analyzing andreflecting that are unique to anthropology Includes excerpts of seminal anthropological works, key classicand contemporary debates in the discipline, and cutting-edge newtheorizing Reveals broader debates in the social sciences, including the relationship between society and culture; language and culturalmeanings; structure and agency; identities and technologies;subjectivities and trans-locality; and meta-theory, ontology andepistemology

Fairness, Class and Belonging in Contemporary England

Author: K. Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137009330

Category: Social Science

Page: 249

View: 2253

Using experiences of the white, English, working-classes in Manchester, this book explores the local frustrations with feeling 'ignored' and 'neglected' by the government through articulations of fairness.

Honor, Vengeance, and Social Trouble

Pardon Letters in the Burgundian Low Countries

Author: Peter Arnade,Walter Prevenier

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455758

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 311

Among the more intriguing documentary sources from late medieval Europe are pardon letters—petitions sent by those condemned for serious crimes to monarchs and princes in France and the Low Countries in the hopes of receiving a full pardon. The fifteenth-century Burgundian Low Countries and duchy of Burgundy produced a large cache of these petitions, from both major cities (Bruges, Ghent, Antwerp, and Dijon) and rural communities. In Honor, Vengeance, and Social Trouble, Peter Arnade and Walter Prevenier present the first study in English of these letters to explore and interrogate the boundaries between these sources’ internal, discursive properties and the social world beyond the written text. Honor, Vengeance, and Social Trouble takes the reader out onto the streets and into the taverns, homes, and workplaces of the Burgundian territories, charting the most pressing social concerns of the day: everything from family disputes and vendettas to marital infidelity and property conflicts—and, more generally, the problems of public violence, abduction and rape, and the role of honor and revenge in adjudicating disputes. Arnade and Prevenier examine why the right to pardon was often enacted by the Burgundian dukes and how it came to compete with more traditional legal means of resolving disputes. In addition, they consider the pardon letter as a historical source, highlighting the limitations and pitfalls of relying on documents that are, by their very nature, narratives shaped by the petitioner to seek a favored outcome. The book also includes a detailed case study of a female actress turned prostitute. An example of microhistory at its best, Honor, Vengeance, and Social Trouble will challenge scholars while being accessible to students in courses on medieval and early modern Europe or on historiography.

Keepers of the Flame

Understanding Amnesty International

Author: Stephen Hopgood

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 080146983X

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 612

"If one organization is synonymous with keeping hope alive, even as a faint glimmer in the darkness of a prison, it is Amnesty International. Amnesty has been the light, and that light was truth—bearing witness to suffering hidden from the eyes of the world."—from Keepers of the Flame The first in-depth look at working life inside a major human rights organization, Keepers of the Flame charts the history of Amnesty International and the development of its nerve center, the International Secretariat, over forty-five years. Through interviews with staff members, archival research, and unprecedented access to Amnesty International's internal meetings, Stephen Hopgood provides an engrossing and enlightening account of day-to-day operations within the organization, larger decisions about the nature of its mission, and struggles over the implementation of that mission. An enduring feature of Amnesty's inner life, Hopgood finds, has been a recurrent struggle between the "keepers of the flame" who seek to preserve Amnesty's accumulated store of moral authority and reformers who hope to change, modernize, and use that moral authority in ways that its protectors fear may erode the organization's uniqueness. He also explores how this concept of moral authority affects the working lives of the servants of such an ideal and the ways in which it can undermine an institution's political authority over time. Hopgood argues that human-rights activism is a social practice best understood as a secular religion where internal conflict between sacred and profane—the mission and the practicalities of everyday operations—are both unavoidable and necessary. Keepers of the Flame is vital reading for anyone interested in Amnesty International, its accomplishments, agonies, obligations, fears, opportunities, and challenges—or, more broadly, in how humanitarian organizations accommodate the moral passions that energize volunteers and professional staff alike.

Die feinen Unterschiede

Kritik der gesellschaftlichen Urteilskraft

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518576250

Category: Aesthetics, French

Page: 877

View: 5358

Die Analyse des kulturellen Konsums ist für alle von Interesse, die geneigt sind, ihre eigenen, meist als selbstverständlich aufgefassten kulturellen Vorlieben und Praktiken zu prüfen. Der Reiz und das Verdienst des Buches liegen darin, dass der Autor immer im Kontakt zum konkreten Alltag bleibt. Die Lektüre der Feinen Unterschiede wird ein spannender Selbsterfahrungsprozess.