Paleopathology at the Origins of Agriculture

Author: Mark Nathan Cohen,George J. Armelagos

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813044897

Category: Science

Page: 618

View: 9206

Presents data from nineteen different regions before, during, and after agricultural transitions, analyzing populations in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and South America while primarily focusing on North America. A wide range of health indicators are discussed, including mortality, episodic stress, physical trauma, degenerative bone conditions, isotopes, and dental pathology.

Bioarchaeological Analyses and Bodies

New Ways of Knowing Anatomical and Archaeological Skeletal Collections

Author: Pamela K. Stone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319711148

Category: Social Science

Page: 239

View: 6948

This volume features bioarchaeological research that interrogates the human skeleton in concert with material culture, ethnographic data and archival research. This approach provides examples of how these intersections of inquiry can be used to consider the larger social and political contexts in which people lived and the manner in which they died. Bioarchaeologists are in a unique position to develop rich interpretations of the lived experiences of skeletonized individuals. Using their skills in multiple contexts, bioarchaeologists are also situated to consider the ethical nature and inherent humanity of the research collections that have been used because they represent deceased for whom there are records identifying them. These collections have been the basis for generating basic information regarding the human skeletal transcript. Ironically though, these collections themselves have not been studied with the same degree of understanding and interpretation that is applied to archaeological collections.

Social Bioarchaeology

Author: Sabrina C. Agarwal,Bonnie A. Glencross

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390520

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 8527

Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world

Bioarchaeology

An Integrated Approach to Working with Human Remains

Author: Debra L. Martin,Ryan P. Harrod,Ventura R. Pérez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461463785

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 5275

Bioarchaeology is the analysis of human remains within an interpretative framework that includes contextual information. This comprehensive and much-needed manual provides both a starting point and a reference for archaeologists, bioarchaeologists and others working in this integrative field. The authors cover a range of bioarchaeological methods and theory including: Ethical issues involved in dealing with human remains Theoretical approaches in bioarchaeology Techniques in taphonomy and bone analysis Lab and forensic techniques for skeletal analysis Best practices for excavation techniques Special applications in bioarchaeology With case studies from bioarchaeological research, the authors integrate theoretical and methodological discussion with a wide range of field studies from different geographic areas, time periods, and data types, to demonstrate the full scope of this important field of study.

The Global History of Paleopathology

Pioneers and Prospects

Author: Jane E. Buikstra,Charlotte Roberts

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195389808

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 798

View: 9726

The first comprehensive global history of the discipline of paleopathology

Ancient Health

Skeletal Indicators of Agricultural and Economic Intensification

Author: Mark Nathan Cohen,Gillian Margaret Mountford Crane-Kramer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813030821

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 5905

Twenty years ago Mark Nathan Cohen coedited a collection of essays that set a new standard in using paleopathology to identify trends in health associated with changes in prehistoric technology, economy, demography, and political centralization. Ancient Health expands and celebrates that work. Confirming earlier conclusions that human health declined after the adoption of farming and the rise of civilization, this book greatly enlarges the geographical range of paleopathological studies by including new work from both established and up-and-coming scholars. Moving beyond the western hemisphere and western Eurasia, this collection involves studies from Chile, Peru, Mexico, the United States, Denmark, Britain, Portugal, South Africa, Israel, India, Vietnam, Thailand, China, and Mongolia. Adding great significance to this volume, the author discusses and successfully rebuts the arguments of the "osteological paradox" that long have challenged work in the area of quantitative paleopathology, demonstrating that the "paradox" has far less meaning than its proponents argue.

Across the Alps in Prehistory

Isotopic Mapping of the Brenner Passage by Bioarchaeology

Author: Gisela Grupe,Andrea Grigat,George C. McGlynn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319415506

Category: Science

Page: 255

View: 863

At the heart of this book is the matter of how isotopic landscapes combined with data mining enriches insights on prehistoric migration and cultural transfer. Isotopic mapping is an indispensable tool for the assessment of mobility and trade in the past, but is limited by eco-geographic redundancies. An interdisciplinary research group focuses on the archaeological isotopic landscape of a reference region of outstanding importance, namely the transalpine migration route via the Brenner Pass which has been in use since the Mesolithic. Over the period of several cultural epochs, cremation was either the most common or exclusive burial custom practiced. For the first time, a systematic and large scale investigation of cremated remains was being conducted in the field of prehistoric migration research.87Sr/86Sr, 208Pb/204Pb, 207Pb/204Pb, 206Pb/204Pb, 208Pb/207Pb, 206Pb/207Pb and – if applicable - also δ18O were measured in human and animal skeletal finds, an isotopic map was established, and innovative methods of data mining and similarity research have been applied to accomplish this novel approach to studying prehistoric migration and culture transfer. The book has interdisciplinary appeal and scholars working in bioarchaeology, physical anthropology and computer applications in life sciences will find it of particular interest.

Bioarchaeology

Author: Clark Spencer Larsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052183869X

Category: History

Page: 656

View: 4396

A synthetic treatment of the study of human remains from archaeological contexts for current and future generations of bioarchaeologists.

Bones of Complexity

Bioarchaeological Case Studies of Social Organization and Skeletal Biology

Author: Haagen D. Klaus,Amanda R. Harvey,Mark N. Cohen

Publisher: Bioarchaeological Interpretati

ISBN: 9780813062235

Category: Social Science

Page: 510

View: 5733

This volume examines the various interrelationships between social structures, skeletal biology, and health outcomes in antiquity. Bringing together studies by physical anthropologists, archaeologists, and economists, the volume attempts to gain a better understanding of the potential effects of social complexity on human biology from ancient Egypt to South America.

ANTIQUITY

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2740

Tepe Hissar

neolithische und kupferzeitliche Siedlung in Nordostiran

Author: Paul Yule,Erich Friedrich Schmidt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Hissar Hill Site (Iran)

Page: 45

View: 1151

Guide

A Guide to Departments, a Directory of Members

Author: American Anthropological Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 7319

2009

Author: Jan Assmann,Fritz Graf,Tonio Holscher,Ludwig Koenen,Jorg Rupke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110208954

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 411

View: 5142

Volume 11 of the Archive for the History of Religion is dedicated to two main subjects within the field of the history of ancient mediterranean religion. The first is that of the a oesacral economya, the question of the financing of the construction and running of temples, in particular how donations of money were handled, and those in kind were valued. The second theme, which is the subject of another four contributions, looks at a oereligion and literaturea, literary descriptions of religious practices and beliefs, and the relevance of such reflexions for the field of religion itself.

Die Flintdolche Dänemarks

Studien über Chronologie und Kulturbeziehungen des südskandinavischen Spätneolithikums

Author: Ebbe Lomborg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788750502418

Category: Denmark

Page: 218

View: 8011