Parallel Supercomputing in MIMD Architectures

Author: R.Michael Hord

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351083783

Category: Computers

Page: 421

View: 6319

Parallel Supercomputing in MIMD Architectures is devoted to supercomputing on a wide variety of Multiple-Instruction-Multiple-Data (MIMD)-class parallel machines. This book describes architectural concepts, commercial and research hardware implementations, major programming concepts, algorithmic methods, representative applications, and benefits and drawbacks. Commercial machines described include Connection Machine 5, NCUBE, Butterfly, Meiko, Intel iPSC, iPSC/2 and iWarp, DSP3, Multimax, Sequent, and Teradata. Research machines covered include the J-Machine, PAX, Concert, and ASP. Operating systems, languages, translating sequential programs to parallel, and semiautomatic parallelizing are aspects of MIMD software addressed in Parallel Supercomputing in MIMD Architectures. MIMD issues such as scalability, partitioning, processor utilization, and heterogenous networks are discussed as well.This book is packed with important information and richly illustrated with diagrams and tables, Parallel Supercomputing in MIMD Architectures is an essential reference for computer professionals, program managers, applications system designers, scientists, engineers, and students in the computer sciences.

Parallel Supercomputing in SIMD Architectures

Author: R. Michael Hord

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849342714

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 8972

Parallel Supercomputing in SIMD Architectures is a survey book providing a thorough review of Single-Instruction-Multiple-Data machines, a type of parallel processing computer that has grown to importance in recent years. It was written to describe this technology in depth including the architectural concept, its history, a variety of hardware implementations, major programming languages, algorithmic methods, representative applications, and an assessment of benefits and drawbacks. Although there are numerous books on parallel processing, this is the first volume devoted entirely to the massively parallel machines of the SIMD class. The reader already familiar with low order parallel processing will discover a different philosophy of parallelism--the data parallel paradigm instead of the more familiar program parallel scheme. The contents are organized into nine chapters, rich with illustrations and tables. The first two provide introduction and background covering fundamental concepts and a description of early SIMD computers. Chapters 3 through 8 each address specific machines from the first SIMD supercomputer (Illiac IV) through several contemporary designs to some example research computers. The final chapter provides commentary and lessons learned. Because the test of any technology is what it can do, diverse applications are incorporated throughout, leading step by step to increasingly ambitious examples. The book is intended for a wide range of readers. Computer professionals will find sufficient detail to incorporate much of this material into their own endeavors. Program managers and applications system designers may find the solution to their requirements for high computational performance at an affordable cost. Scientists and engineers will find sufficient processing speed to make interactive simulation a practical adjunct to theory and experiment. Students will find a case study of an emerging and maturing technology. The general reader is afforded the opportunity to appreciate the power of advanced computing and some of the ramifications of this growing capability.

Parallel supercomputing

methods, algorithms, and applications

Author: Graham F. Carey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471924364

Category: Computers

Page: 287

View: 6422

Presents the state of the art in parallel processing methods applications and algorithms. Describes architectures for parallel processing and includes a wealth of examples in computational fluid dynamics, structural analysis, and other engineering applications.

Job Scheduling Strategies for Parallel Processing

IPPS/SPDP'99 Workshop, JSSPP'99, San Juan, Puerto Rico, April 16, 1999, Proceedings

Author: Dror G. Feitelson,Puerto Rico) Jsspp'9 (1999 San Juan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540666761

Category: Computers

Page: 235

View: 6791

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Job Scheduling Strategies for Parallel Processing, JSSPP'99, held in San Juan, Puerto Rico, in April 1999, as a satelite meeting of IPPS/SPDP'99. The 12 revised full papers have been through an iterated reviewing process and present the state of the art in the area.

Understanding Parallel Supercomputing

Author: R. Michael Hord

Publisher: Wiley-IEEE Press

ISBN: 9780780311206

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 8579

UNDERSTANDING PARALLEL SUPERCOMPUTING is an exhaustive, applications-oriented survey of the world's largest and fastest computers. Beginning with the evolution of parallel supercomputing technology in recent history, author R. Michael Hord goes on to illustrate architectural concepts and implementations at the very center of today's cutting-edge technology. Topics featured include: technology benefits and drawbacks, software tools and programming languages, major programming concepts, sample parallel programs, algorithmic methods, both SIMD and MIMD architectures. This carefully written text will be of interest to engineers, scientists, and program managers involved in geologic exploration, aircraft design, image processing, weather modeling, operations, research, chemical synthesis, and medical applications. It will also be of practical use to computer specialists.

Geographical Information

From Research to Application Through Cooperation

Author: M. Rumor,R. McMillan,H. F. Ottens

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9789051992687

Category: Geographic information systems

Page: 1347

View: 359

Frontiers of Supercomputing II

A National Reassessment

Author: Karyn R Ames,Karyn R. Ames,Alan Brenner

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520084018

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 626

View: 4434

"Will be welcomed by many communities--academic, federal, and industrial. With new and little-known information on high-performance computing, it is the great compendium describing the last seven years of activities and looking to the future."--Charles Bender, Director, The Ohio Supercomputer Center "A valuable resource and an important contribution to thinking in this area. . . . I am impressed with the scope and coherence of this material, ranging from technical projections to the political context to market and user perspectives on supercomputers and supercomputing."--James G. Glimm, State University of New York at Stonybrook

Supercomputer ’93

Anwendungen, Architekturen, Trends Seminar, Mannheim, 24.–26. Juni 1993

Author: Hans-Werner Meuer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642783481

Category: Computers

Page: 186

View: 5296


Author: Robert J. Abrahart,Stan Openshaw,Linda M. See

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203305805

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 436

View: 3730

Geocomputation is essentially the follow-on revolution from Geographic Information Science and is expected to gather speed and momentum in the first decade of the 21st century. It comes into use once a GIS database has been set up, with a digital data library, and expanded and linked to a global geographical two or three dimensional co-ordinate system. It exploits developments in IT and new data gathering and earth observing technologies, and takes the notion of GIS beyond data and towards its analysis, modelling, and use in problem solving. This book provides pointers on how to harness these technologies in tandem and in the context of multiple different subjects and problem areas. It seeks to establish the principles and set the foundations for subsequent growth. L

Networking And Mobile Computing

Third International Conference, ICCNMC 2005, Zhangjiajie, China, August 2-4, 2005, Proceedings

Author: Xicheng Lu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540281029

Category: Computers

Page: 1299

View: 6124

Welcome to Zhangjiajie for the 3rd International Conference on Computer Network and Mobile Computing (ICCNMC 2005). We are currently witnessing a proliferation in mobile/wireless technologies and applications. However, these new technologies have ushered in unprecedented challenges for the research community across the range of networking, mobile computing, network security and wireless web applications, and optical network topics. ICCNMC 2005 was sponsored by the China Computer Federation, in cooperation with the Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Computer Society. The objective of this conference was to address and capture highly innovative and stateof-the-art research and work in the networks and mobile computing industries. ICCNMC 2005 allowed sharing of the underlying theories and applications, and the establishment of new and long-term collaborative channels aimed at developing innovative concepts and solutions geared to future markets. The highly positive response to ICCNMC 2001 and ICCNMC 2003, held in Beijing and Shanghai, respectively, encouraged us to continue this international event. In its third year, ICCNMC 2005 continued to provide a forum for researchers, professionals, and industrial practitioners from around the world to report on new advances in computer network and mobile computing, as well as to identify issues and directions for research and development in the new era of evolving technologies.

multigrid methods

theory, applications, and supercomputing

Author: Mccormick

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824779795

Category: Mathematics

Page: 672

View: 7705

Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface

14th European PVM/MPI User's Group Meeting, Paris France, September 30 - October 3, 2007, Proceedings

Author: Franck Capello,Thomas Herault

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540754156

Category: Computers

Page: 396

View: 2927

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th European PVM/MPI Users' Group Meeting held in Paris, France, September 30 - October 3, 2007. The 40 revised full papers presented together with abstracts of six invited contributions, three tutorial papers and six poster papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 68 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections.

Report of the Committee on Proposal Evaluation for Allocation of Supercomputing Time for the Study of Molecular Dynamics

Author: Board on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309161207

Category: Computers

Page: 12

View: 1001

This letter details the work and transmits the final report of the Committee on Proposal Evaluation for Allocation of Supercomputing Time for the Study of Molecular Dynamics. The committee evaluated submissions in response to a Request for Proposals (RFP) for Biomolecular Simulation Time on Anton, a specialized supercomputer designed and constructed by D.E. Shaw Research that allows for dramatically accelerated molecular dynamics simulations. D.E. Shaw is making time on a 512 node Anton machine available to the non-commercial research community without cost. The goal of the RFP for Biomolecular Simulation Time on Anton is to facilitate breakthrough science in the study of biomolecular systems by providing access to a dedicated, massively parallel supercomputer that allows significantly faster simulations of biomolecular systems using periodic boundary conditions and explicit solvent models. Anton's capabilities allow questions to be addressed on multi-microsecond simulation timescales, so the program seeks to support projects addressing important and potentially high impact questions that would be most advanced by receiving time on this specialized machine.

Supercomputer ’89

Anwendungen, Architekturen, Trends Seminar, Mannheim, 8.–10. Juni 1989 Proceedings

Author: Hans W. Meuer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642748449

Category: Computers

Page: 173

View: 2079

Seit 1986 trifft sich in Mannheim jährlich auf Einladung des Vereins zur wissenschaftlichen Weiterbildung der Universität Mannheim e.V. die deutschsprachige Supercomputergemeinde - Anwender, Betreiber, Hersteller - zu einem fruchtbaren Dialog und Erfahrungsaustausch. In dem diesjährigen Seminar "Supercomputer - Anwendungen, Architekturen und Trends" werden die neuesten Entwicklungen dieses stark innovativen Gebiets unter einem sehr anwendungsbezogenen, praktischen Aspekt aufgearbeitet. Experten aus dem Inland sowie den nach wie vor führenden Ländern USA und Japan konnten auch bei dieser zum vierten Mal stattfindenden Veranstaltung zu Präsentationen gewonnen werden. Alle Beiträge zum Seminar sind in diesem Band enthalten. Insbesondere befassen sie sich mit folgenden Schwerpunkten: - Visualisierung/Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstelle - Architekturen - Parallel versus vector processing - Innovative Anwendungen.

Software for Parallel Computation

[proceedings of the NATO Advanced Workshop on Software for Paralell Computation, Held at Cetraro, Cosenza, Italy, June 22-26, 1992]

Author: Janusz S. Kowalik,Lucio Grandinetti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540564515

Category: Computers

Page: 363

View: 7456

This volume contains papers on software for high performanceparallel computation. Their purpose is to evaluate thecurrent state of the art in software for parallelcomputation, identify the main factors inhibiting practicalapplications of parallel computers, and suggest possibleremedies. In particular, they focus on parallel software,programming tools, and practical experience of usingparallel computers for solving demanding problems. Criticalissues relative to the practical use of parallel computinginclude: portability, reusability and debugging,parallelization of sequential programs, construction ofparallel algorithms, and performance of parallel programsand systems.Several tools are described for the first time in this book,and several papers are by outstanding contributors to thefield ofhigh speed programming. Highlights include paperson PVM and HeNCE, FORGE 90and High Performance Fortran,Linda, and object oriented programming methods.

Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics

Recent Advances and Future Directions

Author: Rupak Biswas

Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc

ISBN: 160595022X

Category: Computers

Page: 691

View: 4117

Supercomputing Research Advances

Author: Yongge Huáng

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781604561869

Category: Computers

Page: 432

View: 4280

Supercomputers are used for highly calculation-intensive tasks such as problems involving quantum mechanical physics, weather forecasting, climate research (including research into global warming), molecular modelling (computing the structures and properties of chemical compounds, biological macromolecules, polymers, and crystals), physical simulations (such as simulation of aeroplanes in wind tunnels, simulation of the detonation of nuclear weapons, and research into nuclear fusion), cryptanalysis, and the like. Major universities, military agencies and scientific research laboratories are heavy users. This book presents the latest research in the field from around the world.