Perspectives on Oceans Past

Author: Kathleen Schwerdtner Máñez,Bo Poulsen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 940177496X

Category: Science

Page: 211

View: 3317

Marine environmental history analyses the changing relationships between human societies and marine natural resources over time. This is the first book which deals in a systematic way with the theoretical backgrounds of this discipline. Major theories and methods are introduced by leading scholars of the field. The book seeks to encapsulate some of the major novelties of this fascinating new discipline and its contribution to the management, conservation and restoration of marine and coastal ecosystems as well as the cultural heritages of coastal communities in different parts of the world.

Oceans Past

Management Insights from the History of Marine Animal Populations

Author: Michaela Barnard,David J. Starkey,Poul Holm

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 184977210X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 8091

�[A] fascinating volume, which establishes marine environmental history as a major new discipline for academics as well as an exciting way to bring history and the natural world alive for the public.�ANDREW A. ROSENBERG, UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE�The HMAP project is to be congratulated on this book, which presents vivid, evidence-based reconstructions of historical fisheries and the prolific ecosystems in which they were embedded.�TONY J. PITCHER, UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA�The ingenuity and scholarship of the authors allow us to see ... how human societies have depended on and influenced marine living resources from periwinkles to whales.�MIKE SINCLAIR, BEDFORD INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY�This book exalts the surprisingly fruitful marriage of historians and marine scientists - a union that has proven to be one of the most exciting developments in ocean research in recent years.�KATHERINE RICHARDSON, UNIVERSITY OF COPENHAGENFor centuries the seas appeared to offer limitless supplies of food and other resources, their waters a cornucopia never to be exhausted. In more recent times, episodes such as the extreme exploitation and subsequent collapse of cod populations of the Grand Banks off Newfoundland have highlighted the fallaciousness of this view. Yet all too often the lessons from our historical interactions with marine animals are little known, let alone learned.Based on research for the History of Marine Animal Populations project, Oceans Past examines the complex relationship our forebears had with the sea and the animals that inhabit it. It presents eleven studies ranging from fisheries and invasive species to offshore technology and the study of marine environmental history, bringing together the perspectives of historians and marine scientists to enhance understanding of ocean management of the past, present and future. In doing so, it also highlights the influence that changes in marine ecosystems have upon the politics, welfare and culture of human societies.

Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation

Applying the Past to Manage for the Future

Author: John N. Kittinger,Loren McClenachan,Keryn B. Gedan,Louise K. Blight

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520276949

Category: Nature

Page: 312

View: 6184

"This volume provides a blueprint for managing the challenges of ocean conservation using marine historical ecology--an area of study evolving as societies confront ocean ecosystems that are being drastically altered by human activity. Applying the practice of historical ecology developed in terrestrial environments, Marine Historical Ecology guides the creation of historical baselines for marine species and ecosystems in order to inform and improve conservation and management efforts"--Provided by publisher.

Deep-time Perspectives on Climate Change

Marrying the Signal from Computer Models and Biological Proxies

Author: Mark Williams

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862392403

Category: Science

Page: 589

View: 7834

This book unites climate modelling, palaeoceanography and palaeontology to address fundamental events in the climate history of Earth over the past 600 million years. Understanding the 'tipping points' that have lead to rapid changes in the Earth's climate is vitally important with the realization that humans modify global climate. In an effort to better understand past and future climate change, general circulation models have become the forerunners of attempts to simulate future climate. The central message of the book is that general circulation models tested with geological data in an iterative 'ground truth' process provide the best estimates of the Earth's ancient climate.

Historical Perspectives on Climate Change

Author: James Rodger Fleming

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199885095

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 3321

This intriguing volume provides a thorough examination of the historical roots of global climate change as a field of inquiry, from the Enlightenment to the late twentieth century. Based on primary and archival sources, the book is filled with interesting perspectives on what people have understood, experienced, and feared about the climate and its changes in the past. Chapters explore climate and culture in Enlightenment thought; climate debates in early America; the development of international networks of observation; the scientific transformation of climate discourse; and early contributions to understanding terrestrial temperature changes, infrared radiation, and the carbon dioxide theory of climate. But perhaps most important, this book shows what a study of the past has to offer the interdisciplinary investigation of current environmental problems.

Perspectives on Canadian Marine Fisheries Management

Author: L. S. Parsons,William Henry Lear,Canada. Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans,National Research Council of Canada

Publisher: NRC Research Press

ISBN: 9780660150031

Category: Fisheries

Page: 446

View: 349

The 15 papers in this publication describe different management approaches that are being tried in the Arctic, the Atlantic and the Pacific fisheries, as well as in the St. Lawrence. Notably, managers have achieved considerable success in maintaining, rebuilding and enhancing salmon populations in Pacific fisheries in recent years, whereas the stability of Atlantic fisheries is threatened. The importance of a healthy marine environment in determining resource productivity is discussed. The role that scientific advice plays in the management process and the impact of government financial intervention are also described. The potential for aquaculture to supplement or replace some wild fisheries is also examined.

Critical Perspectives on Climate Disruption

Author: Robert Chehoski

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9781404205390

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 1219

Primary and secondary source documents discuss the evolution of climate change, effects of global warming, how global warming may alter agriculture and industry, the role of governments in preventing climate change.

Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law

U.S. and International Perspectives

Author: Randall S. Abate

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199368740

Category: Law

Page: 699

View: 9604

Ocean and coastal law has grown rapidly in the past three decades as a specialty area within natural resources law and environmental law. This book unites the two worlds of climate change regulation and ocean and coastal management. It raises important questions about whether and how ocean and coastal law will respond to the regulatory challenges that climate change presents to resources in the oceans and coasts of the United States and the world.

Critical Perspectives on World Climate

Author: Katy Human

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9781404206885

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 774

Examines contemporary issues on world climate, covering such topics as climate changes in prehistoric times, the effects of vegetation and methane on the Earth's temperatures, and the impact of global warming.

Geological Perspectives on Climatic Change


Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Ad Hoc Committee on Geology and Climate,Preston Cloud

Publisher: National Academies


Category: Climatic changes

Page: 46

View: 7938

International Perspectives on Coastal Ocean Space Utilization

Proceedings from the Second International Symposium on Coastal Ocean Space Utilization (COSU II), Held April 2-4, 1991, Long Beach, California

Author: Phyllis M. Grifman,James Alan Fawcett

Publisher: University of Southern California


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 789

View: 1124

Contemporary Perspectives on the Detection, Investigation and Prosecution of Art Crime

Australasian, European and North American Perspectives

Author: Dr Saskia Hufnagel,Professor Duncan Chappell

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 140946315X

Category: Law

Page: 290

View: 9639

In the world of law enforcement art and antiquity crime has in the past usually assumed a place of low interest and priority. That situation has now slowly begun to change on both the local and international level as criminals, encouraged in part by the record sums now being paid for art treasures, are now seeking to exploit the art market more systematically by means of theft, fraud and looting. In this collection academics and practitioners from Australasia, Europe and North America combine to examine the challenges presented to the criminal justice system by these developments. Best practice methods of detecting, investigating, prosecuting and preventing such crimes are explored. This book will be of interest and use to academics and practitioners alike in the areas of law, crime and justice.

New Perspectives on China's Past

Chinese Archaeology in the Twentieth Century

Author: Xiaoneng Yang

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300096347

Category: Architecture

Page: 1099

View: 1523

This richly illustrated book is the first to introduce and discuss the most important archaeological discoveries in China during the entire twentieth century. The two-volume set draws on Chinese archaeological fieldwork to address cross-disciplinary topics in archaeology, art history, epigraphy, history, and religion. Chinese archaeology has provided materials that are prompting scholars to reconstruct or rewrite China's history from the prehistoric period through the Imperial dynasties. "New Perspectives on China's Past is a compendium of this breakthrough research and the global scholarship that surrounds it. With some six hundred illustrations, glossary, index, and extensive bibliography, this work will be a standard reference on Chinese archaeology in the twentieth century. Published in association with the Nelson Atkins Museum of Art Xiaoneng Yang is curator of Chinese art at the Nelson Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri.

Bringing New Law to Ocean Waters

Author: David D. Caron,Harry N. Scheiber

Publisher: Publications on Ocean Developm


Category: Law

Page: 497

View: 4212

Papers from the third major conference of recent years at UC-Berkeley, since 2002 the headquarters of the United Nations Law of the Sea Institute.

Space and Conversion in Global Perspective

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004280634

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 3220

Space and Conversion in Global Perspective examines conversion in connection with spatial setting, mobility, and interiority. The approach is global and encompasses multiple religions. Conversion emerges as a powerful force of early modern globalization.