Philosophy and Organization Theory

Author: Haridimos Tsoukas,Robert Chia

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857245953

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 6533

What is the relationship between philosophy and organization theory (OT)? This title includes the papers that explore connections between several streams in philosophy and OT. It explores the question: What does a particular philosophy contribute to OT?

The Oxford Handbook of Process Philosophy and Organization Studies

Author: Jenny Helin,Tor Hernes,Daniel Hjorth,Robin Holt

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191648108

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 648

View: 695

Process approaches to organization studies focus on flow, activities, and evolution, understanding organizations and organizing as processes in the making. They stand in contrast to positivist approaches that see organizations and phenomena as fixed, static, and measurable. Process approaches draw on a range of ideas and philosophies. The Handbook examines 34 philosophers and social theorists, both those commonly linked to process thinking, such as Whitehead, Bergson and James, and those that are not as often addressed from a process perspective such as Dilthey and Tarde. Each chapter addresses the background and context of this thinker, their work (with a focus on the processual elements), and the potential contribution to organization and management research. For students and scholars in the field of Organization Studies this book is an entry point into the work of philosophical thinkers and social theorists for whom the world is far from being a solid place.

Managerialism

A Critique of an Ideology

Author: T. Klikauer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137334274

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 362

View: 1523

Most people know what management is but often people have vague ideas about Manageralism. This book introduces Manageralism and its ideology as a colonising project that has infiltrated nearly every eventuality of human society.

Understanding Organization as Process

Theory for a Tangled World

Author: Tor Hernes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134081375

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 1169

Organization takes place in a tangled world, intermeshed by changing markets, products, standards, technologies, institutions and social groups. Coming to grips with the complexity and fluidity of organization and management is a persistent problem for scholars and practitioners alike, which is why process issues have received renewed interest in recent years. This book, aimed at scholars and higher level students, frames some of these issues in novel and instructive ways. Process views have existed since before the early Greek philosophers and have made decisive marks in all sciences. Alfred North Whitehead’s classic work is a landmark in process philosophy, and his thinking provides renewed impetus to social scientists in search of an expanded framework of process thinking. Theorists such as Niklas Luhmann, Bruno Latour, Karl Weick and James March have contributed significantly towards a process view of organization. In this book, central aspects of their thinking are interpreted and discussed with the help of a broader canvas of process thinking provided by Whitehead. The comparisons do not only allow for interesting connections to be made between the theorists, but they also enable understanding to be made of the thinking behind their respective works. From the analysis, ideas are suggested for a framework for process-based organizational analysis. Advanced students and academics in sociology, organization studies and management studies will find this book useful in its discussion of such subjects as organization theory, process philosophy and process studies.

Material turn: Feministische Perspektiven auf Materialität und Materialismus

Author: Imke Leicht,Christine Löw,Nadja Meisterhans,Katharina Volk

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3847404067

Category: Political Science

Page: 205

View: 8811

Das Thema Materialität wird innerhalb feministischer Forschungen in den letzten Jahren erneut diskutiert. Vor dem Hintergrund des material turn widmet sich der Band aktuellen Auseinandersetzungen mit Materialität und Materialismus. Dabei sollen zum einen bestehende Konfliktfelder zwischen Diskurs und Materialität sowie Struktur, Handlungsfähigkeit und Subjektivität aus feministischer Perspektive aufgezeigt werden. Zum anderen strebt der Band an, Potenziale einer verbindenden Perspektive auf 'neue' und 'alte' Konzeptionen von Materialität und Materialismen innerhalb feministischer Theorien und Praxen kritisch auszuloten.

Rethinking the Knowledge Controversy in Organization Studies

A Generative Uncertainty Perspective

Author: Walter R. Nord,Ann F. Connell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136843027

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 277

View: 5944

Recently the field of organization studies has been plagued by intense, disruptive controversy about what counts as knowledge. This book, written by the major researchers and voices in the field of organization studies, attempts to respond to this controversy by offering the topic of "generative uncertainty" as the primary vehicle for rethinking about this issue.

Phenomenology of the Embodied Organization

The contribution of Merleau-Ponty for Organizational Studies and Practice

Author: W. Küpers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137460555

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 377

View: 4162

Drawing on contemporary debates and responding to an analytic lacuna in organization and management studies and calls from organizational practice, Phenomenology of the Embodied Organization explores the fundamental and integral role of the body and embodiment in organizational life-worlds.

Sociology of Education

Major Themes

Author: Stephen J. Ball

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415198127

Category: Education

Page: 2416

View: 7841

Covers the key points of dispute and areas of controversy within the field and includes papers from the leading writers. A sophisticated and versatile toolbox of ideas for theory-building and research.

Hierarchy and Organisation

Toward a General Theory of Hierarchical Social Systems

Author: Thomas Diefenbach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135013403

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 282

View: 3868

Most people take the conditions they work and live in as a given, believing it to be normal that societies are stratified and that organisations are hierarchical. Many even think that this is the way it should be - and are neither willing nor able to think that it could be otherwise. This book raises the awareness of hierarchy, its complexity and longevity. It focuses on a single but fundamental problem of social systems such as dyads, groups, organisations and whole societies: Why and how does hierarchical social order persist over time? In order to investigate the question, author Thomas Diefenbach develops a general theory of the persistence of hierarchical social order. This theory interrogates the problem of the persistence of hierarchical social order from very different angles, in multi-dimensional and interdisciplinary ways. Even more crucially, it traces the very causes of the phenomenon, the reasons and interests behind hierarchy as well as the various mechanisms which keep it going. This is the first time such a theory is attempted. With the help of the theory developed in this book, it is possible to interrogate systematically, comprehensively and in detail how mindsets and behaviours as well as societal and organisational structures enable the continuation of hierarchy

Self-Reinforcing Processes in and among Organizations

Author: J. Sydow,G. Schreyögg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230392830

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 266

View: 5378

Management and organization research has rediscovered individual agency, innovation and entrepreneurship. As such, there is a risk of overlooking the power of self-reinforcing processes in and among organizations. This volume redirects attention to these processes, including: escalating commitment, organizational imprinting and path dependence.

Community Practice

Theories and Skills for Social Workers

Author: David A. Hardcastle

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199842650

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 6472

For almost two decades, Community Practice has been a definitive text for social workers, community practitioners, and students eager to help individuals contribute to and use community resources or work to change oppressive community structures. In this third edition, a wealth of new charts and cases spotlight the linkages between theoretical orientations and practical skills, with an enhanced emphasis on the inherently political nature of social work and community practice. Boxes, examples, and exercises illustrate the range of skills and strategies available to savvy community practitioners in the 21st century, including networking, marketing and staging, political advocacy, and leveraging information and communication technologies. Other features include: - New material on community practice ethics, critical practice skills, community assessment and assets inventory and mapping, social problem analysis, and applying community ractice skills to casework practice - Consideration of post-9/11 community challenges - Discussion on the changing ethnic composition of America and what this means for practitioners - An exploration of a vastly changed political landscape following the election of President Obama, the Great Recession, the rise of the Tea Party, and the increasing political and corporate use of pseudo-grassroots endeavors - A completely revamped instructor's manual available online at www.oup.com/us/communitypractice This fully revised classic text provides a comprehensive and integrated overview of the community theory and skills fundamental to all areas of social work practice. Broad in scope and intensive in analysis, it is suitable for undergraduate as well as graduate study. Community Practice offers students and practitioners the tools necessary to promote the welfare of individuals and communities by tapping into the ecological foundations of community and social work practice.

Organizations in Action

Competition between Contexts

Author: Peter Clark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134674066

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 4833

This original and ambitious work provides a fascinating examination of organizations from both a post-modern and new organizational economics perspective. Combining strategy, international business and organisational theory, it represents a ground-breaking critique of prevailing mainstream modernist theories of organization. Distinctive features include: * a comprehensive analysis of social and organizational theory * discussion and exploration of knowledge capitalism * a critique of core competencies and resource based approaches to strategy, human resource management and organizational behaviour. In an essential area of study for every business undergraduate and reflective manager, this outstanding book pulls together material which is currently scattered and poorly synthesised, and examines high-profile real-world business examples.

Dirty Work

Concepts and Identities

Author: R. Simpson,N. Slutskaya,P. Lewis,H. Höpfl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230393535

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 3868

This book explores understandings and experiences of 'dirty work' – tasks or occupations that are seen as disgusting and degrading. It complicates the 'clean/dirty' divide in the context of organizations and work and illustrates some of the complex ways in which dirty work identities are managed.

Creating a Dialectical Social Science

Concepts, Methods, and Models

Author: I.I. Mitroff,R.O. Mason

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400984693

Category: Social Science

Page: 189

View: 4032

The depth, intensity, and long-standing nature of the disagreements between differing schools of social thought renders more critical than ever the treatment of dialectical reasoning and its relationship to the social sciences. The nature of these disagreements are deeply rooted in fundamentally differing beliefs regarding, among many things: (1) the nature of man, (2) the role of theory versus data in constructing social theories, (3) the place and function of values versus facts in inquiry, etc. It has become more and more apparent that such fundamental differences cannot be resolved by surface appeals to rationality or to consensus. Such for it is precisely the definitions of appeals are doomed to failure 'rationality' and 'consensus' that are at odds. That is, different schools not only have different definitions of rationality and consensus but different notions regarding their place and function within a total system of inquiry. A dialectical treatment of conflicts is called for because such conflicts demand a method which is capable of recognizing first of all how deep they lie. Secondly, a method is demanded which is capable of appreciating that the various sides of the conflict fundamentally depend on one another for their very existence; they depend, in other words, on one another not 'in spite of' their opposition but precisely 'because of' it.

Modern organizational theory

contextual, environmental, and socio-cultural variables

Author: Anant R. Negandhi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 404

View: 4580

Prisons, Punishment and the Pursuit of Security

Author: D. Drake

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137004835

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 1484

Drawing on research in men's long-term, maximum-security prisons, this book examines three interconnected problems: the tendency of the prison to obscure other social problems and conceal its own failings, the pursuit of greater levels of human security through repressive and violent means and the persistence of the belief in the problem of 'evil'.

Die Macht moralischer Argumente

Produktionsverlagerungen zwischen wirtschaftlichen Interessen und gesellschaftlicher Verantwortung

Author: Martin Schröder

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531931962

Category: Social Science

Page: 237

View: 3205

The Ethics Police?

The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe

Author: Robert Klitzman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199364621

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 6647

Research on human beings saves countless lives, but has at times harmed the participants. To what degree then should government regulate science, and how? The horrors of Nazi concentration camp experiments and the egregious Tuskegee syphilis study led the US government, in 1974, to establish Research Ethics Committees, known as Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to oversee research on humans. The US now has over 4,000 IRBs, which examine yearly tens of billions of dollars of research -- all studies on people involving diseases, from cancer to autism, and behavior. Yet ethical violations persist. At the same time, critics have increasingly attacked these committees for delaying or blocking important studies. Partly, science is changing, and the current system has not kept up. Since the regulations were first conceived 40 years ago, research has burgeoned 30-fold. Studies often now include not a single university, but multiple institutions, and 40 separate IRBs thus need to approve a single project. One committee might approve a study quickly, while others require major changes, altering the scientific design, and making the comparison of data between sites difficult. Crucial dilemmas thus emerge of whether the current system should be changed, and if so, how. Yet we must first understand the status quo to know how to improve it. Unfortunately, these committees operate behind closed doors, and have received relatively little in-depth investigation. Robert Klitzman thus interviewed 45 IRB leaders and members about how they make decisions. What he heard consistently surprised him. This book reveals what Klitzman learned, providing rare glimpses into the conflicts and complexities these individuals face, defining science, assessing possible future risks and benefits of studies, and deciding how much to trust researchers -- illuminating, more broadly, how we view and interpret ethics in our lives today, and perceive and use power. These committees reflect many of the most vital tensions of our time - concerning science and human values, individual freedom, government control, and industry greed. Ultimately, as patients, scientists, or subjects, the decisions of these men and women affect us all.

The Handbook of the History and Philosophy of Criminology

Author: Ruth Ann Triplett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119011353

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 3248

"This book provides students, scholars, and criminologists with a truly a global perspective on the theory and practice of criminology throughout the centuries and around the world. In addition to chapters devoted to the key ideas, thinkers, and moments in the intellectual and philosophical history of criminology, it features in-depth coverage of the organizational structure of criminology as an academic discipline world-wide"--