Philosophy of Science

The Central Issues, Second International Student Edition

Author: J. A. Cover,Martin Curd,Christopher Pincock

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393920801

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1393

View: 1658

Both an anthology and an introductory textbook, Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues offers instructors and students a comprehensive anthology of fifty-two primary texts by leading philosophers in the field and provides extensive editorial commentary that places the readings in a wide philosophical context.

Philosophy of Science: The Key Thinkers

Author: James Robert Brown

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441142002

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 2273

A guide to the key figures in the Philosophy of Science from Plato and Aristotle through to Popper, Puttnam and Cartwright.

Philosophy of Science and the Occult

Author: Patrick Grim

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438404981

Category: Philosophy

Page: 395

View: 8583

This book both introduces the philosophy of science through examination of the occult and examines the occult rigorously enough to raise central issues in the philosophy of science. Placed in the context of the occult, philosophy of science issues become immediately understandable and forcefully compelling. Divergent views on astrology, parapsychology, and quantum mechanics mysticism emphasize topics standard to the philosophy of science. Such issues as confirmation and selection for testing, causality and time, explanation and the nature of scientific laws, the status of theoretical entities, the problem of demarcation, theory and observation, and science and values are discussed. Significantly revised, this second edition presents an entirely new section of quantum mechanics and mysticism including instructions from N. David Mermin for constructing a device which dramatically illustrates the genuinely puzzling phenomena of quantum mechanics. A more complete and current review of research on astrology has been included in this new edition, and the section on the problem of demarcation has been broadened.

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science

Author: Martin Curd,Stathis Psillos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135011087

Category: Philosophy

Page: 736

View: 6528

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science is an indispensable reference source and guide to the major themes, debates, problems and topics in philosophy of science. It contains sixty-two specially commissioned entries by a leading team of international contributors. Organized into four parts it covers: historical and philosophical context debates concepts the individual sciences. The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science addresses all of the essential topics that students of philosophy of science need to know - from empiricism, explanation and experiment to causation, observation, prediction and more - and contains many helpful features including chapters on individual sciences (such as biology, chemistry, physics and psychology), further reading and cross-referencing at the end of each chapter. Expanded and revised throughout, this second edition includes new chapters on Conventionalism, Social Epistemology, Computer Simulation, Thought Experiments, Pseudoscience, Species and Taxonomy, and Cosmology.

The Philosophy of Social Science

New Perspectives, 2nd edition

Author: Garry Potter

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317331850

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 5161

Now in its second edition, this comprehensive textbook offers an exceptionally accessible yet in-depth introduction to the philosophy of social science. Students with no previous knowledge will find themselves taken on an engaging philosophical journey: the book’s unique dialogue format anticipates their most frequently asked questions and provides clear explanations of specialised terminology and essential contextualisation of contemporary debates. Encompassing both traditional and contemporary perspectives, the book explores the questions and debates raised by all the major theoretical positions in the philosophy of social science, including positivism, empiricism, rationalism, hermeneutics, feminist epistemology, postmodernism and critical realism. The first edition of this book had a Eurocentric bias, as does virtually all other textbooks covering this subject matter. This has been corrected in the second edition and includes a new chapter on the contributions of Islam to philosophy, natural science social science including sociology. The second edition also has a newly written chapter on pragmaticism and neo-pragmaticism, as well as strengthened coverage of hermeneutics, postmodernism and critical realism. The book‘s rich pedagogic support includes: point-by-point summaries introducing the scope of every chapter; discussion questions; further reading lists; and a glossary of key terminology. This excellent textbook is designed to provide every student with a clear understanding of important and complex issues. It is essential reading for all students of philosophy of social science, whether at undergraduate or Masters level and regardless of their disciplinary background.

Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Samir Okasha

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 9780192802835

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 2752

This Very Short Introduction provides a concise overview of the main themes of contemporary philosophy of science. Beginning with a short history of science to set the scene, Samir Okasha goes on to investigate the nature of scientific reasoning, scientific explanation, revolutions in science, and theories such as realism and anti-realism. He also looks at philosophical issues in particular sciences.

Probleme der Philosophie

Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518102077

Category: Knowledge, Theory of

Page: 151

View: 8209

The Continuum Companion to the Philosophy of Science

Author: Steven French,Juha Saatsi

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441187618

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 9796

A one volume reference guide To The latest research in Philosophy of Science, written by an international team of leading scholars in the field.

The Bloomsbury Companion to the Philosophy of Science

Author: Steven French,Juha Saatsi

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1472527593

Category: Philosophy

Page: 488

View: 6138

A comprehensive, one-volume resource to past, present and future research directions in the philosophy of science, written by an international team of leading scholars.

Was ist ein Naturgesetz?

Author: David M. Armstrong

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783936532326

Category:

Page: 233

View: 8681

Das Buch ist eine systematisch gegliederte Untersuchung zu einem zentralen und kontrovers diskutierten Gegenstand sowohl der modernen Metaphysik, als auch der Wissenschaftsphilosophie, nämlich dem Wesen der Naturgesetze. D.M. Armstrong arbeitet klar und detailgenau einen weitgehend neuen Standpunkt heraus, demzufolge Naturgesetze Beziehungen zwischen Eigenschaften bzw. Universalien sind. Diese Theorie geht Hand in Hand mit einer realistischen Darstellung der Universalien, und folgt damit dem naturwissenschaftlichen Realismus, den der Autor bereits in früheren Publikationen entwickelt hat. Er beginnt mit einer detaillierten Kritik der orthodoxen und skeptischen Sichtweise, die ausgehend von David Hume behauptet, Naturgesetze seien lediglich eine Regelmässigkeit der Übereinstimmung zwischen Eigenschaftsinstanzen. Ausgehend von dieser Kritik entwickelt Armstrong ein abschließendes Urteil gegenüber dieser Position. Er fährt fort mit der systematischen Darlegung seiner eigenen Theorie, die er gegen die naheliegendsten Einwände verteidigt und rundet diese und seine Theorie der Universalien mit einer Integration funktionaler und statistischer (wahrscheinlichkeitsbefangener) Gesetze ab. Die Behandlung des Themas ist erfrischend präzise und lebendig. Armstrong fachte mit diesem Buch bei seinem Erscheinen im angesächsischen Kulturkreis eine anhaltende philosophische Debatte neu an.

Die soziale Eroberung der Erde

Eine biologische Geschichte des Menschen

Author: Edward O. Wilson

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406645313

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 2548

Woher kommen wir? Was sind wir? Wohin gehen wir? Der große Biologe E. O. Wilson entschlüsselt die Evolution des Menschen Die soziale Eroberung der Erde ist die Summe lebenslanger innovativer Forschung, die Krönung des Lebenswerkes von Edward O. Wilson. Seine weitreichende These: Die soziale Gruppe und nicht das egoistische Gen war der entscheidende Faktor der Menschwerdung. "Keinem außer Edward O. Wilson konnte eine derart brillante Synthese aus Biologie und Geisteswissenschaften gelingen, die Licht wirft auf den Ursprung von Sprache, Religion, Kunst und der gesamten menschlichen Kultur." Oliver Sacks "Eine große, doch einfache Fragestellung, überzeugende Erklärungen, eine meisterhafte Beherrschung der Wissenschaft und eine anschauliche, verständliche Darstellung einmal mehr hat E.O. Wilson ein Buch geschrieben mit den Qualitäten, die ihm Pulitzerpreise und ein Millionenpublikum eingebracht haben." Jared Diamond "Ein fabelhaftes Buch." Bill Clinton

Education, Science and Truth

Author: Rasoul Nejadmehr

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135840644

Category: Education

Page: 222

View: 9192

What is the main problem of contemporary education? Rasoul Nejadmehr argues that the cardinal problem with education is that it does not have an adequate notion of truth underpinning it. Thinkers mainly tend to veer towards two poles - absolutism and relativism. While a one-sided tendency toward absolutism leads to reified categories of thought and alienation, a tendency toward relativism leads to lack of universality and nihilism. Education, Science and Truth suggests a way out by bridging not only divides between and within analytical and continental philosophy but also those of modernism and postmodernism. By using a range of issues, disciplines and literature, Nejadmehr formulates a new version of the concept of objectivity based on the inclusion of multiple perspectives, including ones from art, philosophy and marginalized groups.

Philosophy of Science

A Contemporary Introduction

Author: Alex Rosenberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136662618

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 8515

Any serious student attempting to better understand the nature, methods and justification of science will value Alex Rosenberg’s updated and substantially revised Third Edition of Philosophy of Science: A Contemporary Introduction. Weaving together lucid explanations and clear analyses, the volume is a much-used, thematically oriented introduction to the field. New features of the Third Edition include more coverage of the history of the philosophy of science, more fully developed material on the metaphysics of causal and physical necessity, more background on the contrast between empiricism and rationalism in science, and new material on the structure of theoretical science (with expanded coverage of Newtonian and Darwinian theories and models) and the realism/antirealism controversy. Rosenberg also divides the Third Edition into fifteen chapters, aligning each chapter with a week in a standard semester-long course. Updated Discussion Questions, Glossary, Bibliography and Suggested Readings lists at the end of each chapter will make the Third Edition indispensable, either as a comprehensive stand-alone text or alongside the many wide-ranging collections of articles and book excerpts currently available. Read our interview with Alex Rosenberg, What exactly is philosophy of science – and why does it matter? here: www.routledge.com/u/alexrosenberg

Realism in the Sciences

Proceedings of the Ernan McMullin Symposium, Leuven, 1995

Author: Igor Douven,Leon Horsten

Publisher: Leuven University Press

ISBN: 9789061867630

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 1811

The Concept of Scientific Law in the Philosophy of Science and Epistemology

A Study of Theoretical Reason

Author: Igor Hanzel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401732655

Category: Science

Page: 230

View: 3348

The author argues that a reconstruction of scientific laws should give an account of laws relating phenomena to underlying mechanisms generating them, as well as of laws relating this mechanism to its inherent capacities. While contemporary philosophy of science deals only with the former, the author provides the concept for the reconstruction of scientific laws, where the knowledge of the phenomena enables one to grasp the quantity of their cause. He then provides the concepts for scientific laws dealing with the relation of the quantity and quality of the cause underlying phenomena to the quality and quantity of its capacities. Finally, he provides concepts for scientific laws expressing how a certain cause, due to the quantity and quality of its capacities, generates the quantitative and qualitative determinations of its manifestations. The book is intended for philosophers of science and philosophers of social science, as well as for natural and social scientists.

Handbook of the Psychology of Science

Author: Gregory J. Feist, PhD,Michael E. Gorman, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826106242

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 1406

"Highly recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries This handbook is the definitive resource for scholars and students interested in how research and theory within each of the major domains of psychologyódevelopmental, cognitive, personality, and socialóhave been applied to understand the nature of scientific thought and behavior. Edited by two esteemed pioneers in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science, it is the first empirically based compendium of its time. The handbook provides a comprehensive examination of how scientific thinking is learned and evolves from infancy to adolescence and adulthood, and combines developmental and cognitive approaches to show the categorical similarities and differences in thinking between children, adolescents, adults, and scientists. Chapters highlight the breadth and depth of psychological perspectives in the studies of science, from creativity and genius, gender, and conflict and cooperation, to postmodernism and psychobiography. A section on applications offers findings and ideas that can be put to use by educators, policymakers, and science administrators. Contributors examine the importance of mental models in solving difficult technical problems, and the significance of leadership and organizational structure in successful innovation. The final section of the book is devoted to the future of this new field, focusing on how to continue to develop a healthy psychology of science. Key Features: Presents the only empirically based compendium of current knowledge about the psychology of scientific thought and behavior Edited by two pioneers in the discipline of psychology of science Describes how scientific thinking is learned and changes throughout the life span Addresses creativity and genius, gender, conflict and cooperation, postmodernism, and psychobiography Covers applications of the psychology of science that can be used by educators, policymakers, and science administrators

Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Cutting Nature at Its Seams

Author: Robert Klee

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195106114

Category: Science

Page: 258

View: 6201

Introduction to the Philosophy of Science: Cutting Nature at Its Seams is a clear and lively explanation of key concepts and issues in the philosophy of science. It surveys the field from positivism to social constructivism, focusing on the metaphysical implications of science as a form of knowledge gathering that explains what the world is really like, while simultaneously arguing for the superiority of a holistic model of scientific theories over competing models. An innovative feature is the use of immunology as the central domain of illustration, in contrast to other philosophy of science texts that draw examples predominantly from physics. The text also presents Thomas Kuhn's model of science clearly and accurately, rectifying the notorious and widespread misinterpretations projected upon it in the past. Klee discusses both traditional models of science and alternative interpretations, most notably nonfeminist and feminist models inspired by the work of Kuhn. Richly illustrated and complete with a glossary of over eighty key terms, this book serves as an ideal text for undergraduates, because it presents a highly accessible and contemporary investigation of science as a form of inquiry capable of revealing to us the structure of the world.

What Place for the A Priori?

Author: Michael J. Shaffer,Michael L. Veber

Publisher: Open Court

ISBN: 0812697413

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 5562

This book deals with questions about the nature of a priori knowledge and its relation to empirical knowledge. Until the twentieth century, it was more or less taken for granted that there was such a thing as a priori knowledge, that is, knowledge whose source is in reason and reflection rather than sensory experience. With a few notable exceptions, philosophers believed that mathematics, logic and philosophy were all a priori. Although the seeds of doubt were planted earlier on, by the early twentieth century, philosophers were widely skeptical of the idea that there was any nontrivial existence of a priori knowledge. By the mid to late twentieth century, it became fashionable to doubt the existence of any kind of a priori knowledge at all. Since many think that philosophy is an a priori discipline if it is any kind of discipline at all, the questions about a priori knowledge are fundamental to our understanding of philosophy itself.