Physics and Dynamics of Clouds and Precipitation

Author: Pao K. Wang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110731075X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 420

This key new textbook provides a state-of-the-art view of the physics of cloud and precipitation formation, covering the most important topics in the field: the microphysics, thermodynamics and cloud-scale dynamics. Highlights include: the condensation process explained with new insights from chemical physics studies; the impact of the particle curvature (the Kelvin equation) and solute effect (the Köhler equation); homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation from recent molecular dynamic simulations; and the hydrodynamics of falling hydrometeors and their impact on collision growth. 3D cloud-model simulations demonstrate the dynamics and microphysics of deep convective clouds and cirrus formation, and each chapter contains problems enabling students to review and implement their new learning. Packed with detailed mathematical derivations and cutting-edge stereographic illustrations, this is an ideal text for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses, and also serves as a reference for academic researchers and professionals working in atmospheric science, meteorology, climatology, remote sensing and environmental science.

Physics and Dynamics of Clouds and Precipitation

Author: Pao K. Wang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107005566

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 9669

New textbook on microphysics, thermodynamics and cloud-scale dynamics of clouds and precipitation, for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, researchers and professionals.

Microphysics of Clouds and Precipitation

Reprinted 1980

Author: H.R. Pruppacher,J.D. Klett

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400999054

Category: Science

Page: 714

View: 8951

Cloud physics has achieved such a voluminous literature over the past few decades that a significant quantitative study of the entire field would prove unwieldy. This book concentrates on one major aspect: cloud microphysics, which involves the processes that lead to the formation of individual cloud and precipitation particles. Common practice has shown that one may distinguish among the following additional major aspects: cloud dynamics, which is concerned with the physics responsible for the macroscopic features of clouds; cloud electricity, which deals with the electrical structure of clouds and the electrification processes of cloud and precipitation particles; and cloud optics and radar meteorology, which describe the effects of electromagnetic waves interacting with clouds and precipitation. Another field intimately related to cloud physics is atmospheric chemistry, which involves the chemical composition of the atmosphere and the life cycle and characteristics of its gaseous and particulate constituents. In view of the natural interdependence of the various aspects of cloud physics, the subject of microphysics cannot be discussed very meaningfully out of context. Therefore, we have found it necessary to touch briefly upon a few simple and basic concepts of cloud dynamics and thermodynamics, and to provide an account of the major characteristics of atmospheric aerosol particles. We have also included a separate chapter on some of the effects of electric fields and charges on the precipitation-forming processes.

The Physics of Rainclouds

Author: Fletcher,Neville H. Fletcher,P. Squires,E. G. Bowen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521154796

Category: Science

Page: 410

View: 2863

This book examines cloud physics.

Cloud Dynamics

Author: Robert A. Houze, Jr.

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080502106

Category: Science

Page: 573

View: 674

Clouds play a critical role in the Earth's climate, general atmospheric circulation, and global water balance. Clouds are essential elements in mesoscale meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, air pollution, atmosphericradiation, and weather forecasting, and thus must be understood by any student or researcher in the atmospheric sciences. Cloud Dynamics provides a skillful and comprehensive examination of the nature of clouds--what they look like and why, how scientists observe them, and the basic dynamics and physics that underlie them. The book describes the mechanics governing each type of cloud that occurs in Earth's atmosphere, and the organization of various types of clouds in larger weather systems such as fronts, thunderstorms, and hurricanes.This book is aimed specifically at graduate students, advanced undergraduates, practicing researchers either already in atmospheric science or moving in from a related scientific field, and operational meteorologists. Some prior knowledge of atmospheric dynamics and physics is helpful, but a thorough overview of the necessary prerequisites is supplied. Provides a complete treatment of clouds integrating the analysis of air motions with cloud structure, microphysics, and precipitation mechanics Describes and explains the basic types of clouds and cloud systems that occur in the atmosphere-fog, stratus, stratocumulus, altocumulus, altostratus, cirrus, thunderstorms, tornadoes, waterspouts, orographically induced clouds, mesoscale convection complexes, hurricanes, fronts, and extratropical cyclones Presents a photographic guide, presented in the first chapter, linking the examination of each type of cloud with an image to enhance visual retention and understanding Summarizes the fundamentals, both observational and theoretical, of atmospheric dynamics, thermodynamics, cloud microphysics, and radar meteorology, allowing each type of cloud to be examined in depth Integrates the latest field observations, numerical model simulations, and theory Supplies a theoretical treatment suitable for the advanced undergraduate or graduate level

Storm and Cloud Dynamics

Author: William R. Cotton,Richard A. Anthes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483288382

Category: Science

Page: 896

View: 1521

This book focuses on the dynamics of clouds and of precipitating mesoscale meteorological systems. Clouds and precipitating mesoscale systems represent some of the most important and scientifically exciting weather systems in the world. These are the systems that produce torrential rains, severe winds including downburst and tornadoes, hail, thunder and lightning, and major snow storms. Forecasting such storms represents a major challenge since they are too small to be adequately resolved by conventional observing networks and numerical prediction models.

Physics and Chemistry of Clouds

Author: Dennis Lamb,Johannes Verlinde

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139500945

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7988

Clouds affect our daily weather and play key roles in the global climate. Through their ability to precipitate, clouds provide virtually all of the fresh water on Earth and are a crucial link in the hydrologic cycle. With ever-increasing importance being placed on quantifiable predictions – from forecasting the local weather to anticipating climate change – we must understand how clouds operate in the real atmosphere, where interactions with natural and anthropogenic pollutants are common. This textbook provides students – whether seasoned or new to the atmospheric sciences – with a quantitative yet approachable path to learning the inner workings of clouds. Developed over many years of the authors' teaching at Pennsylvania State University, Physics and Chemistry of Clouds is an invaluable textbook for advanced students in atmospheric science, meteorology, environmental sciences/engineering and atmospheric chemistry. It is also a very useful reference text for researchers and professionals.

Principles of Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry

Author: Richard M. Goody

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195093629

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 7015

This text is an introduction to the basic principles of atmospheric physics and chemistry where all aspects of the lower and middle atmospheres, except for large-scale dynamics, are jointly treated as ultimate consequences of the solar radiation falling on the planet.

Clouds and Storms

The Behavior and Effect of Water in the Atmosphere

Author: F. H. Ludlam

Publisher: Penn State University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 405

View: 453

Water in the atmosphere and its influence on the motion of the atmosphere--the physics of clouds and precipitation--are comprehensively treated here in this final work by a master of the subject. Frank Ludlam's broad background and illuminating style have combined to produce an integrated picture of atmospheric processes, tying together the many interrelated aspects of dynamical meteorology, synoptic meteorology, and cloud physics. This book presents a synthesis of cloud physics, ranging from the microphysics which control particle growth through the large-scale dynamics of the atmosphere controlling air motion. The physical processes, from radiation to the interaction of cloud droplets, along with methods and interpretations of measurements, are discussed in a precise, compact style. The mathematical analysis is clear, and the exposition conveys a three-dimensional picture of airflow in an unusually lucid manner. Numerous line drawings, map analyses, and photographs aid the reader in visualizing the processes and phenomena discussed. This book is a reference and text for all atmospheric scientists and scholars in related fields as well as a guidebook for those who would like to understand something of the nature and the complexity of weather and climate. It will help the specialist put his specialty in perspective; it will help the forecaster relate weather to large-scale dynamics. And through his extraordinary style, Frank Ludlam was capable of conveying to all readers his joy in the beauty of a sunset.

Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Microphysics of Clouds

Author: Vitaly I. Khvorostyanov,Judith A. Curry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107016037

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 1715

This book advances understanding of cloud microphysics and provides a unified theoretical foundation for modeling cloud processes, for researchers and advanced students.

An Introduction to Clouds

From the Microscale to Climate

Author: Ulrike Lohmann,Felix Lüönd,Fabian Mahrt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107018226

Category: Science

Page: 399

View: 6838

This book provides a fundamental understanding of clouds, from microphysics to climate, with supplementary problem sets and questions.

Physical Processes in Clouds and Cloud Modeling

Author: Alexander P. Khain,Mark Pinsky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521767431

Category: Nature

Page: 686

View: 2595

Provides a comprehensive analysis of modern theories of cloud microphysical processes and their representation in numerical cloud models.

Physics and Chemistry of Clouds

Author: Dennis Lamb,Johannes Verlinde

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139500945

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6808

Clouds affect our daily weather and play key roles in the global climate. Through their ability to precipitate, clouds provide virtually all of the fresh water on Earth and are a crucial link in the hydrologic cycle. With ever-increasing importance being placed on quantifiable predictions – from forecasting the local weather to anticipating climate change – we must understand how clouds operate in the real atmosphere, where interactions with natural and anthropogenic pollutants are common. This textbook provides students – whether seasoned or new to the atmospheric sciences – with a quantitative yet approachable path to learning the inner workings of clouds. Developed over many years of the authors' teaching at Pennsylvania State University, Physics and Chemistry of Clouds is an invaluable textbook for advanced students in atmospheric science, meteorology, environmental sciences/engineering and atmospheric chemistry. It is also a very useful reference text for researchers and professionals.

Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System

Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation

Author: Jost Heintzenberg,Robert J. Charlson

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 9780262012874

Category: Nature

Page: 597

View: 8732

Experts consider the many roles that clouds play in the the changing climate--one of the least understood and most puzzling aspects of atmospheric science. More than half the globe is covered by visible clouds. Clouds control major parts of the Earth's energy balance, influencing both incoming shortwave solar radiation and outgoing longwave thermal radiation. Latent heating and cooling related to cloud processes modify atmospheric circulation, and, by modulating sea surface temperatures, clouds affect the oceanic circulation. Clouds are also an essential component of the global water cycle, on which all terrestrial life depends. Yet clouds constitute the most poorly quantified, least understood, and most puzzling aspect of atmospheric science, and thus the largest source of uncertainty in the prediction of climate change. Because clouds are influenced by climate change, and because complex, unidentified feedback systems are involved, science is faced with many unanswered questions. This volume begins by indentifying and describing the baffling nature of clouds. It explores the boundaries of current knowledge on the spatial/temporal variability of clouds and cloud-related aerosols as well as the factors that control clouds, and examines the extent and nature of anthropogenic perturbations. Particular emphasis is given to the connections of clouds to climate through radiation, dynamics, precipitation, and chemistry, and to the difficulties in understanding the obvious but elusive fact that clouds must be affected by climate change. Utilizing the insights of this unique gathering of experts, the book offers recommendations to improve the current state of knowledge and direct future research in fields ranging from chemistry and theoretical physics to climate modeling and remote satellite sensing.

Precipitation Enhancement

A Scientific Challenge

Author: Roscoe Braham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1935704176

Category: Science

Page: 171

View: 3538

This book is the outcome of a workshop held at Park City, Utah, 23-25 May, 1984. It is a collection of papers focusing focuses on physics of precipitation formation in clouds and the response of clouds to glaciogenic seeding. This book documents the debates and discussions that surrounded the topic of glaciogenic seeding during the time of the workshop. It is interesting as a historical evidence of the scientific progress of that time.

High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, Garching/Munich 2007

Transactions of the Third Joint HLRB and KONWIHR Status and Result Workshop, Dec. 3-4, 2007, Leibniz Supercomputing Centre, Garching/Munich, Germany

Author: Siegfried Wagner,Matthias Steinmetz,Arndt Bode,Matthias Brehm

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540691820

Category: Mathematics

Page: 717

View: 8190

For the fourth time, the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) and the Com- tence Network for Technical, Scienti c High Performance Computing in Bavaria (KONWIHR) publishes the results from scienti c projects conducted on the c- puter systems HLRB I and II (High Performance Computer in Bavaria). This book reports the research carried out on the HLRB systems within the last three years and compiles the proceedings of the Third Joint HLRB and KONWIHR Result and Reviewing Workshop (3rd and 4th December 2007) in Garching. In 2000, HLRB I was the rst system in Europe that was capable of performing more than one Tera op/s or one billion oating point operations per second. In 2006 it was replaced by HLRB II. After a substantial upgrade it now achieves a peak performance of more than 62 Tera op/s. To install and operate this powerful system, LRZ had to move to its new facilities in Garching. However, the situation regarding the need for more computation cycles has not changed much since 2000. The demand for higher performance is still present, a trend that is likely to continue for the foreseeable future. Other resources like memory and disk space are currently in suf cient abundance on this new system.

Rain Formation in Warm Clouds

General Systems Theory

Author: Mary Selvam Amujuri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319132695

Category: Science

Page: 98

View: 6232

This book aims to promote the understanding of some of the basic mathematical and scientific issues in the subjects relating to climate dynamics, chaos and quantum mechanics. It is based on substantial research work in atmospheric science carried out over twenty years. Atmospheric flows exhibit self similar fractal fluctuations, a signature of long-range correlations on all space-time scales. Realistic simulation and prediction of atmospheric flows requires the incorporation of the physics of observed fractal fluctuation characteristics in traditional meteorological theory. A general systems theory model for fractal space-time fluctuations in turbulent atmospheric flows is presented and applied to the formation of rain in warm clouds. This model gives scale-free universal governing equations for cloud growth processes. The model predicted cloud parameters are in agreement with reported observations, in particular, the cloud drop-size distribution. Rain formation can occur in warm clouds within 30 minutes as observed in practice under favourable conditions of moisture supply in the environment. Traditional cloud physical concepts for rain development requires over an hour for a full-sized raindrop to form. The book provides background reading for postgraduate students of Meteorology, Atmospheric Sciences/Physics, Environmental Sciences, and scientists working in the field of the topic of the book as well as the multidisciplinary field of Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos.

Cloud Physics

A Popular Introduction to Applied Meteorology

Author: Louis J. Battan

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486428857

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 4408

This text explores the formation of clouds, ice crystals, and hail. It also reviews techniques for cloud modifications, artificial stimulation of rainfall, and modification of hailstorms. 26 figures. 16 halftones.

Thermodynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans

Author: Judith A. Curry,Peter J. Webster

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780121995706

Category: Medical

Page: 471

View: 6589

Thermodynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans presents the first systematic and unifying approach to the thermodynamics of the atmosphere and the ocean and establishes the interrelationship between these subjects. This simultaneous examination of the thermodynamics of the atmosphere and the ocean enriches our understanding of both, and is essential in many issues such as forecasting severe weather and understanding climate variability. Thermodynamics in Atmospheres and Oceans will serve as a text for introductory graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in atmospheric science and oceanography. The logical presentation of formulas, diagrams, and tables will prove valuable to researchers, practicing scientists and engineers working in the field.

Atmosphere, Clouds, and Climate

Author: David Randall

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400842778

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 2980

The atmosphere is critical to climate change. It can amplify shifts in the climate system, and also mitigate them. This primer offers a short, reader-friendly introduction to these atmospheric processes and how they work, written by a leading expert on the subject. Giving readers an overview of key atmospheric processes, David Randall looks at how our climate system receives energy from the sun and sheds it by emitting infrared radiation back into space. The atmosphere regulates these radiative energy flows and transports energy through weather systems such as thunderstorms, monsoons, hurricanes, and winter storms. Randall explains how these processes work, and also how precipitation, cloud formation, and other phase changes of water strongly influence weather and climate. He discusses how atmospheric feedbacks affect climate change, how the large-scale atmospheric circulation works, how predicting the weather and the climate are fundamentally different challenges, and much more. This is the ideal introduction for students and nonspecialists. No prior experience in atmospheric science is needed, only basic college physics. Authoritative and concise, Atmosphere, Clouds, and Climate features a glossary of terms, suggestions for further reading, and easy-to-follow explanations of a few key equations. This accessible primer is the essential introduction to atmospheric processes and the vital role they play in our climate system.