Plague and Its Consequences: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199809707

Category: History

Page: 30

View: 5672

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Renaissance and Reformation, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of European history and culture between the 14th and 17th centuries. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibliographies.com.

Farming, Famine and Plague

The Impact of Climate in Late Medieval England

Author: Kathleen Pribyl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319559532

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 307

View: 5975

This book is situated at the cross-roads of environmental, agricultural and economic history and climate science. It investigates the climatic background for the two most significant risk factors for life in the crisis-prone England of the Later Middle Ages: subsistence crisis and plague. Based on documentary data from eastern England, the late medieval growing season temperature is reconstructed and the late summer precipitation of that period indexed. Using these data, and drawing together various other regional (proxy) data and a wide variety of contemporary documentary sources, the impact of climatic variability and extremes on agriculture, society and health are assessed. Vulnerability and resilience changed over time: before the population loss in the Great Pestilence in the mid-fourteenth century meteorological factors contributing to subsistence crises were the main threat to the English people, after the arrival of Yersinia pestis it was the weather conditions that faciliated the formation of recurrent major plague outbreaks. Agriculture and harvest success in late medieval England were inextricably linked to both short term weather extremes and longer term climatic fluctuations. In this respect the climatic transition period in the Late Middle Ages (c. 1250-1450) is particularly important since the broadly favourable conditions for grain cultivation during the Medieval Climate Optimum gave way to the Little Ice Age, when agriculture was faced with many more challenges; the fourteenth century in particular was marked by high levels of climatic variability.

British Economic and Social History

A Bibliographical Guide

Author: R. C. Richardson,William Henry Chaloner

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719036002

Category: Great Britain

Page: 271

View: 8856

From Settler to Citizen

Economic Development and Cultural Change in Late Colonial New Mexico, 1750-1820

Author: Ross Harold Frank

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: New Mexico

Page: 1002

View: 2794

The Reader's Adviser

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 3800

Southern History

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Great Britain

Page: N.A

View: 9768

The Shaping of a Community

The Rise and Reformation of the English Parish, C.1400-1560

Author: Beat A. Kümin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781859281642

Category: Social Science

Page: 362

View: 1046

This is a close examination of the communal life, especially the financial life, of late medieval and Tudor parishes. Predominantly a work of social history, it also sheds new light on the popular religious attitudes of the period. Beat Kumin focuses his study on the role of the laity and, in particular, on the office of churchwarden. He assesses and evaluates the rising levels of parish income, the importance of the social context of the parish for fund-raising activities and the growing expenditure on priests, voluntary activities and administrative duties. The final section of his study discusses the Reformation-related reduction in religious options and the accelerating trend towards oligarchical parish regimes and official local government responsibilities. Throughout, the English experience is put into sharper contrast by comparisons with local ecclesiastical life on the Continent, and appendices provide a detailed financial analysis for a large number of parishes.

William Wykeham

Author: Virginia Davis

Publisher: Hambledon Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 245

View: 5436

William Wykeham was an extraordinary figure whose rapid ascent from peasant to chancellor bucked contemporary trends. It normally took two generations to achieve significant upward social mobility. Wykeham's administrative talents ensured that he became bishop of Winchester, holder of one of the richest sees in Christendom and Chancellor of England under Edward III and Richard II. "Everything was done by him and nothing was done without him," wrote the contemporary chronicler, Jean Froissart. As a churchman, Wykeham ran his diocese efficiently for nearly forty years. His most lasting contributions to society arose from two passions, architecture and education. He made effective use of the rich revenues of his see to indulge both. He rose in the service of King Edward III, having masterminded the royal building works at Windsor Castle. His own building projects included Episcopal palaces, colleges, churches and Winchester Cathedral. His passion for education resulted in the foundation of two iconic educational institutions--the public school Winchester College and New College Oxford. This book goes further in highlighting Wykeham's extraordinarily commitment to good governance and his extensive involvement in English politics between c. 1360-1402. Wykeham has been recognized as a key government figure in Edward Ill's reign from c. 1360, but his contribution to politics and government throughout the turbulent reign of Richard II and beyond has not hitherto been fully appreciated. This book offers a rounded biography of one of the key figures of late fourteenth--century England, an acquaintance of Chaucer and a man who wielded immense political power. It covers in detail his fall frompolitical power in 1376-77 and his rehabilitation. Wykeham--even when not holding political office--was a figure to whom the decision-makers of late fourteenth century England listened.

Population Index

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Population

Page: N.A

View: 5561

Annotated bibliography covering books, journal articles, working papers, and other material on topics in population and demography.

Contesting the Renaissance

Author: William Caferro

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444391329

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 9171

In this book, William Caferro asks if the Renaissance was really a period of progress, reason, the emergence of the individual, and the beginning of modernity. An influential investigation into the nature of the European Renaissance Summarizes scholarly debates about the nature of the Renaissance Engages with specific controversies concerning gender identity, economics, the emergence of the modern state, and reason and faith Takes a balanced approach to the many different problems and perspectives that characterize Renaissance studies

Revolution and Consumption in Late Medieval England

Author: Michael Hicks,Michael A. Hicks

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9780851158327

Category: History

Page: 198

View: 9603

Conspicuous consumption in the 15th century both offers causes for revolt and allows reconstruction of regional supply and trading networks.

Library of Congress Catalogs

monographic series

Author: Library of Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Monographic series

Page: N.A

View: 8659

Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 2631

Everyday Life in Medieval England

Author: Christopher Dyer

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0826419828

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 7268

Everyday Life in Medieval England captures the day-to-day experience of people in the middle ages - the houses and settlements in which they lived, the food they ate, their getting and spending - and their social relationships. The picture that emerges is of great variety, of constant change, of movement and of enterprise. Many people were downtrodden and miserably poor, but they struggled against their circumstances, resisting oppressive authorities, to build their own way of life and to improve their material conditions. The ordinary men and women of the middle ages appear throughout. Everyday life in Medieval England is an outstanding contribution to both national and local history.

Medieval England

Rural Society and Economic Change 1086-1348

Author: Edward Miller,John Hatcher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317872908

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 420

This is the first volume of a two-volume study of medieval England covering the period between the Norman Conquest and the Black Death. The book opens with a summary portrait of the English economy and society in the reign of William I. It goes on to examine in detail the population increase from 1086 to 1349 and to investigate the structure of society where relationships were rooted in the dependence of man upon man.

Monographic Series

Author: Library of Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Monographic series

Page: N.A

View: 8268

Field Systems and Farming Systems in Late Medieval England

Author: B. M. S. Campbell

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780754659464

Category: History

Page: 332

View: 6924

A majority of households on later Middle Ages relied upon farming for a living. Yet conventional accounts of the period rarely do justice to the variety of ways in which the land was managed and worked. The thirteen essays collected in this volume draw upon the abundant documentary evidence of the period to explore that diversity. In the process they engage with the issue of classification - without which effective generalisation is impossible - and offer a series of solutions to that particularly thorny methodological challenge. What emerges is an agrarian world more commercialised, differentiated, and complex than is usually appreciated, whose institutional and agronomic contours shaped the course of agricultural development for centuries to come.