Plant Variation and Evolution

Author: David Briggs,Stuart Max Walters

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110760222X

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 1210

A long-awaited fourth edition of a classic text, now fully revised and updated for the molecular era.

Variation and Evolution in Plants and Microorganisms

Toward a New Synthesis 50 Years after Stebbins

Author: National Academy of Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309070996

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 8178

"The present book is intended as a progress report on [the] synthetic approach to evolution as it applies to the plant kingdom." With this simple statement, G. Ledyard Stebbins formulated the objectives of Variation and Evolution in Plants, published in 1950, setting forth for plants what became known as the "synthetic theory of evolution" or "the modern synthesis." The pervading conceit of the book was the molding of Darwin's evolution by natural selection within the framework of rapidly advancing genetic knowledge. At the time, Variation and Evolution in Plants significantly extended the scope of the science of plants. Plants, with their unique genetic, physiological, and evolutionary features, had all but been left completely out of the synthesis until that point. Fifty years later, the National Academy of Sciences convened a colloquium to update the advances made by Stebbins. This collection of 17 papers marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Stebbins' classic. Organized into five sections, the book covers: early evolution and the origin of cells, virus and bacterial models, protoctist models, population variation, and trends and patterns in plant evolution.

Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens

Ecology, Evolution, and Genetics

Author: Robert S. Fritz,Ellen L. Simms

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226265537

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 7176

Far from being passive elements in the landscape, plants have developed many sophisticated chemical and mechanical means of deterring organisms that seek to prey on them. This volume draws together research from ecology, evolution, agronomy, and plant pathology to produce an ecological genetics perspective on plant resistance in both natural and agricultural systems. By emphasizing the ecological and evolutionary basis of resistance, the book makes an important contribution to the study of how phytophages and plants coevolve. Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens not only reviews the literature pertaining to plant resistance from a number of traditionally separate fields but also examines significant questions that will drive future research. Among the topics explored are selection for resistance in plants and for virulence in phytophages; methods for studying natural variation in plant resistance; the factors that maintain intraspecific variation in resistance; and the ecological consequences of within-population genetic variation for herbivorous insects and fungal pathogens. "A comprehensive review of the theory and information on a large, rapidly growing, and important subject."—Douglas J. Futuyma, State University of New York, Stony Brook

Plant Breeding Systems

Author: A. J. Richards

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9780412574504

Category: Science

Page: 529

View: 5538

This illustrated text attempts to provide a unified and comprehensive coverage of plant breeding systems, a subject vital to plant geneticists, plant breeders, taxonomists, evolutionists and conservationists.

The Evolutionary Ecology of Ant-Plant Mutualisms

Author: Andrew James Beattie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521252812

Category: Science

Page: 182

View: 5583

This important work is the first broad and thorough treatment of the subject of ant-plant mutualisms.

Hybrid Zones and the Evolutionary Process

Author: Richard Gerald Harrison

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 019506917X

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 9568

Hybrid zones--geographical areas in which the hybrids of two races are found--have attracted the attention of evolutionary biologists for many years, both because they are windows on the evolutionary process and because the patterns of animals and plant variation seen in hybrid zones do not fit the traditional classification schemes of taxonomists. Hybrid zones provide insights into the nature of the species, the way barriers to gene exchange function, the genetic basis of those barriers, the dynamics of the speciation process. Hybrid Zones and the Evolutionary Process synthesizes the extensive research literature in this field and points to new directions in research. It will be read with interest by evolutionary biologists, geneticists, and biogeographers.

Der erweiterte Phänotyp

Der lange Arm der Gene

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662559673

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 374

Der erweiterte Phänotyp - ein Klassiker der Evolutionsbiologie Richard Dawkins betrachtet dieses 1982 erschienene, 1999 überarbeitete und ergänzte Buch als seinen Hauptbeitrag zur Evolutionsbiologie und als Nachfolgewerk seines Bestsellers Das egoistische Gen. Für die deutschsprachige Übersetzung hat Richard Dawkins ein neues Vorwort verfasst. Dawkins erweitert in diesem Buch den Begriff des Phänotyps (als Summe aller Merkmale eines Individuums) auf die Auswirkungen der Gene dieses Individuums auf die Umwelt und auf andere Lebewesen. Beispiele sind die durch den Fortpflanzungstrieb des Bibers entstehenden Bauten, die drastische Auswirkungen auf die Umwelt haben können, oder das Gen eines Parasiten, welches das Verhalten seines Wirtes zum Nutzen des Parasiten (Saitenwurm) verändert. Dawkins betont mit diesem Ansatz die genzentrierte Sicht des Lebens. Im letzten Kapitel des Buches unternimmt er den Versuch, den Organismus neu zu definieren. Ich behaupte, dass die meisten Wissenschaftler, die meisten Autoren ein Werk haben, von dem sie sagen würden: Egal, ob Sie noch nie etwas von mir gelesen haben, lesen Sie wenigstens dies! Richard Dawkins

The Role of Chromosomal Change in Plant Evolution

Author: Donald A. Levin

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195138603

Category: Science

Page: 230

View: 4764

The application of new molecular technology has greatly increased our understanding of the role of chromosomal change in plant evolution. There is now a broad database on genome size variation within and among species and a wide array of nuclear and cytoplasmic genetic markers. There is avariety of literatures addressing this subject but much of it is scattered. This book created a contemporary synthesis or work in this area and addresses issues such as herogeneity, polyploidy, chromosomal rearrangements within species and phenotypic consequences of chromosome doubling.

Variable plants and herbivores in natural and managed systems

Author: Robert Denno

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323142877

Category: Nature

Page: 734

View: 5103

Variable Plants and Herbivores in Natural and Managed Systems examines individual, population, species, and community responses of herbivores to plant variation, with emphasis on insects, fungi, bacteria, and viruses. It is divided into five parts encompassing 18 chapters that discuss variability as a mechanism of defense used by plants against their parasites and the effects of variability on herbivores at several different levels of complexity. After a brief discussion on plant-herbivore interactions, the first part of this book considers sources of within-plant variation and effects on the distribution and abundance of herbivores. Part II examines interplant variation, the co-evolutionary problems it poses for herbivores, and the ecological and evolutionary responses of these animals. It discusses the effects of host-plant variability on the fitness of sedentary herbivorous insects. Part III discusses the role of host variability in the evolution of feeding specialization, genetic differentiation, and race formation. The importance of host variation to the organization of herbivore communities and the manipulation of host-plant variability for the management of herbivore pest populations are presented in the remaining parts. This book will be helpful to agriculturists, silviculturists, biologists, and researchers who wish to expand their knowledge in dynamics of plant-herbivore relationships.

Evolution

eine Einführung

Author: Brian Charlesworth,Deborah Charlesworth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150187050

Category:

Page: 211

View: 6425

Evolution auf den Punkt gebracht. Eine kurze Einführung in die Prinzipien und Fragen der Entstehung und Entwicklung des Lebens auf unserem Planeten.

Demography and Evolution in Plant Populations

Author: Otto Thomas Solbrig

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520039315

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 6156

Populationen und ihre Dynamik, Evolution und Systematik.

Die Entwicklung der biologischen Gedankenwelt

Vielfalt, Evolution und Vererbung

Author: Ernst Mayr

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540132592

Category: Science

Page: 766

View: 4921

"Ein einzigartiges Buch, das nur von einem Mann wie Ernst Mayr geschrieben werden konnte, der nicht nur einer der bedeutendsten Evolutionsbiologen dieses Jahrhunderts, sondern auch ein groAer Philosoph, Biologiehistoriker und auAergewAhnlicher Schriftsteller ist. Kein anderes Buch erzAhlt so klar und kritisch die Evolution der Ideen, die zur modernen Biologie fA1/4hrten." ("NobelpreistrAger FranAois Jacob")

Plant Mites and Sociality

Diversity and Evolution

Author: Yutaka Saito

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431994564

Category: Science

Page: 187

View: 9955

Mites are very small animals, characterized by wingless and eyeless bodies, in which sociality has been discovered. This book offers detailed descriptions of the diverse social systems and the social evolution of mites, ranging from genetic to ecological aspects. Through a broad spectrum of studies including traditional natural history, taxonomy, modern evolutionary and behavioral ecology, and theoretical models as well, the book addresses a number of important findings on plant mite evolution and species radiation, with the author succeeding in combining theoretical and practical approaches in behavioral ecology by proposing a new game theory. These findings reflect the complex evolutionary history of these taxa and also help to point out clearly what is known and what is not yet known to date. Mites have been considered a minor animal group, but the author shows that mites actually possess great diversity and therefore make unique materials for evolutionary and behavioral studies.

Die Metamorphose der Pflanzen

Author: Johann Wolfgang Goethe

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843090378

Category: Art

Page: 44

View: 6902

Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Die Metamorphose der Pflanzen Entstanden 1790. Erstdruck: Gotha (C.W. Ettinger) 1790, dann wieder in: Zur Morphologie, 1817. Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Joseph Karl Stieler, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe im 80. Lebensjahr, 1828. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Invasive Plant Ecology i...

Author: Booth, B.D.,Murphy, S.D.,Swanton, C.J.

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780640668

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6917

Chromosome Engineering in Plants

Genetics, Breeding, Evolution

Author: P.K. Gupta,T. Tsuchiya

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080933998

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 4191

This two-volume work surveys the entire range of general aspects of chromosome research on plants. This first volume is divided into two sections. Section A consists of 11 chapters covering the entire range of general aspects of chromosome research in plants (including a chapter on genetic engineering in crop improvement). Section B is devoted to cytogenetics of cereals and millets (wheat, rye, barley, triticale, oats, maize, rice, pearl millet, and minor millets). More than one chapter is devoted to the same crop to give a detailed treatment of chromosome research (including molecular biology) in these crops. The second volume deals with cytogenetics of plant materials including legumes, vegetable and oil crops, sugar crops, forage crops, fibre crops, medicinal crops and ornamentals. This work will be useful both as a reference work and a teaching aid to satisfy a wide range of workers. Every chapter has been written by an expert who has been involved in chromosome research on a particular plant material for many years.

Plant Biotechnology and Genetics

Principles, Techniques, and Applications

Author: C. Neal Stewart, Jr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118819918

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 9031

Focused on basics and processes, this textbook teaches plant biology and agriculture applications with summary and discussion questions in each chapter. Updates each chapter to reflect advances / changes since the first edition, for example: new biotechnology tools and advances, genomics and systems biology, intellectual property issues on DNA and patents, discussion of synthetic biology tools Features autobiographical essays from eminent scientists, providing insight into plant biotechnology and careers Has a companion website with color images from the book and PowerPoint slides Links with author's own website that contains teaching slides and graphics for professors and students: http://bit.ly/2CI3mjp

Zoologische Philosophie

Author: Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet de Lamarck,Arnold Lang,Dietmar Schilling,Ilse Jahn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Evolution

Page: 265

View: 1717