Plant Variation and Evolution

Author: David Briggs,Stuart Max Walters

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110760222X

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 5582

A long-awaited fourth edition of a classic text, now fully revised and updated for the molecular era.

Variation and Evolution in Plants and Microorganisms

Toward a New Synthesis 50 Years after Stebbins

Author: National Academy of Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309172264

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 8213

"The present book is intended as a progress report on [the] synthetic approach to evolution as it applies to the plant kingdom." With this simple statement, G. Ledyard Stebbins formulated the objectives of Variation and Evolution in Plants, published in 1950, setting forth for plants what became known as the "synthetic theory of evolution" or "the modern synthesis." The pervading conceit of the book was the molding of Darwin's evolution by natural selection within the framework of rapidly advancing genetic knowledge. At the time, Variation and Evolution in Plants significantly extended the scope of the science of plants. Plants, with their unique genetic, physiological, and evolutionary features, had all but been left completely out of the synthesis until that point. Fifty years later, the National Academy of Sciences convened a colloquium to update the advances made by Stebbins. This collection of 17 papers marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Stebbins' classic. Organized into five sections, the book covers: early evolution and the origin of cells, virus and bacterial models, protoctist models, population variation, and trends and patterns in plant evolution.

Plant Variation 2ed

Author: D. Briggs,S. M. Walters

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521257060

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 716

Considers how the study of variation in plants has developed over the last 300 years. Copyright © Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.

Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens

Ecology, Evolution, and Genetics

Author: Robert S. Fritz,Ellen L. Simms

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226265537

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 2061

Far from being passive elements in the landscape, plants have developed many sophisticated chemical and mechanical means of deterring organisms that seek to prey on them. This volume draws together research from ecology, evolution, agronomy, and plant pathology to produce an ecological genetics perspective on plant resistance in both natural and agricultural systems. By emphasizing the ecological and evolutionary basis of resistance, the book makes an important contribution to the study of how phytophages and plants coevolve. Plant Resistance to Herbivores and Pathogens not only reviews the literature pertaining to plant resistance from a number of traditionally separate fields but also examines significant questions that will drive future research. Among the topics explored are selection for resistance in plants and for virulence in phytophages; methods for studying natural variation in plant resistance; the factors that maintain intraspecific variation in resistance; and the ecological consequences of within-population genetic variation for herbivorous insects and fungal pathogens. "A comprehensive review of the theory and information on a large, rapidly growing, and important subject."—Douglas J. Futuyma, State University of New York, Stony Brook

Variable plants and herbivores in natural and managed systems

Author: Robert Denno

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323142877

Category: Nature

Page: 734

View: 6042

Variable Plants and Herbivores in Natural and Managed Systems examines individual, population, species, and community responses of herbivores to plant variation, with emphasis on insects, fungi, bacteria, and viruses. It is divided into five parts encompassing 18 chapters that discuss variability as a mechanism of defense used by plants against their parasites and the effects of variability on herbivores at several different levels of complexity. After a brief discussion on plant-herbivore interactions, the first part of this book considers sources of within-plant variation and effects on the distribution and abundance of herbivores. Part II examines interplant variation, the co-evolutionary problems it poses for herbivores, and the ecological and evolutionary responses of these animals. It discusses the effects of host-plant variability on the fitness of sedentary herbivorous insects. Part III discusses the role of host variability in the evolution of feeding specialization, genetic differentiation, and race formation. The importance of host variation to the organization of herbivore communities and the manipulation of host-plant variability for the management of herbivore pest populations are presented in the remaining parts. This book will be helpful to agriculturists, silviculturists, biologists, and researchers who wish to expand their knowledge in dynamics of plant-herbivore relationships.

Plant Breeding Systems

Author: A. J. Richards

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9780412574504

Category: Science

Page: 529

View: 5531

This illustrated text attempts to provide a unified and comprehensive coverage of plant breeding systems, a subject vital to plant geneticists, plant breeders, taxonomists, evolutionists and conservationists.

Das Bewegungsverm?gen der Pflanzen

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 5875515953

Category: History

Page: 506

View: 628

Mit 196 Holzschnitten.

Invasive Plant Ecology i...

Author: Booth, B.D.,Murphy, S.D.,Swanton, C.J.

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780640668

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4380

Hybrid Zones and the Evolutionary Process

Author: Richard Gerald Harrison

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 019506917X

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 8698

Hybrid zones--geographical areas in which the hybrids of two races are found--have attracted the attention of evolutionary biologists for many years, both because they are windows on the evolutionary process and because the patterns of animals and plant variation seen in hybrid zones do not fit the traditional classification schemes of taxonomists. Hybrid zones provide insights into the nature of the species, the way barriers to gene exchange function, the genetic basis of those barriers, the dynamics of the speciation process. Hybrid Zones and the Evolutionary Process synthesizes the extensive research literature in this field and points to new directions in research. It will be read with interest by evolutionary biologists, geneticists, and biogeographers.

Stoffwechselphysiologie der Pflanzen

Physiologie und Biochemie des Primär- und Sekundärstoffwechsels ; 10 Tabellen

Author: Gerhard Richter

Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag

ISBN: 9783134420067

Category: Plants

Page: 583

View: 4637

Plant Mites and Sociality

Diversity and Evolution

Author: Yutaka Saito

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431994564

Category: Science

Page: 187

View: 4566

Mites are very small animals, characterized by wingless and eyeless bodies, in which sociality has been discovered. This book offers detailed descriptions of the diverse social systems and the social evolution of mites, ranging from genetic to ecological aspects. Through a broad spectrum of studies including traditional natural history, taxonomy, modern evolutionary and behavioral ecology, and theoretical models as well, the book addresses a number of important findings on plant mite evolution and species radiation, with the author succeeding in combining theoretical and practical approaches in behavioral ecology by proposing a new game theory. These findings reflect the complex evolutionary history of these taxa and also help to point out clearly what is known and what is not yet known to date. Mites have been considered a minor animal group, but the author shows that mites actually possess great diversity and therefore make unique materials for evolutionary and behavioral studies.

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Author: Mary Jane West-Eberhard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198028567

Category: Science

Page: 916

View: 1073

The first comprehensive synthesis on development and evolution: it applies to all aspects of development, at all levels of organization and in all organisms, taking advantage of modern findings on behavior, genetics, endocrinology, molecular biology, evolutionary theory and phylogenetics to show the connections between developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. This book solves key problems that have impeded a definitive synthesis in the past. It uses new concepts and specific examples to show how to relate environmentally sensitive development to the genetic theory of adaptive evolution and to explain major patterns of change. In this book development includes not only embryology and the ontogeny of morphology, sometimes portrayed inadequately as governed by "regulatory genes," but also behavioral development and physiological adaptation, where plasticity is mediated by genetically complex mechanisms like hormones and learning. The book shows how the universal qualities of phenotypes--modular organization and plasticity--facilitate both integration and change. Here you will learn why it is wrong to describe organisms as genetically programmed; why environmental induction is likely to be more important in evolution than random mutation; and why it is crucial to consider both selection and developmental mechanism in explanations of adaptive evolution. This book satisfies the need for a truly general book on development, plasticity and evolution that applies to living organisms in all of their life stages and environments. Using an immense compendium of examples on many kinds of organisms, from viruses and bacteria to higher plants and animals, it shows how the phenotype is reorganized during evolution to produce novelties, and how alternative phenotypes occupy a pivotal role as a phase of evolution that fosters diversification and speeds change. The arguments of this book call for a new view of the major themes of evolutionary biology, as shown in chapters on gradualism, homology, environmental induction, speciation, radiation, macroevolution, punctuation, and the maintenance of sex. No other treatment of development and evolution since Darwin's offers such a comprehensive and critical discussion of the relevant issues. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution is designed for biologists interested in the development and evolution of behavior, life-history patterns, ecology, physiology, morphology and speciation. It will also appeal to evolutionary paleontologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and teachers of general biology.

The Evolutionary Ecology of Ant-Plant Mutualisms

Author: Andrew James Beattie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521252812

Category: Science

Page: 182

View: 8983

This important work is the first broad and thorough treatment of the subject of ant-plant mutualisms.

Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology

Author: David Gibson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651230

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 4404

The field of plant population ecology has advanced considerably in the last decade since the first edition was published. In particular there have been substantial and ongoing advances in statistics and modelling applications in population ecology, as well as an explosion of new techniques reflecting the availability of new technologies (e.g. affordable and accurate Global Positioning Systems) and advances in molecular biology. This new edition has been updated and revised with more recent examples replacing older ones where appropriate. The book's trademark question-driven approach has been maintained and some important topics such as the metapopulation concept which are missing entirely from the current edition are now included throughout the text.

Matthews' Plant Virology

Author: Richard Ellis Ford Matthews,Roger Hull

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780123611604

Category: Medical

Page: 1001

View: 6829

It has been ten years since the publication of the third edition of this seminal text on plant virology, during which there has been an explosion of conceptual and factual advances. The fourth edition updates and revises many details of the previous editon, while retaining the important older results that constitute the field's conceptual foundation. Key features of the fourth edition include: * Thumbnail sketches of each genera and family groups * Genome maps of all genera for which they are known * Genetic engineered resistance strategies for virus disease control * Latest understanding of virus interactions with plants, including gene silencing * Interactions between viruses and insect, fungal, and nematode vectors * New plate section containing over 50 full-color illustrations

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology of Clonal Plants

Author: Josef F. Stuefer,Brigitta Erschbamer,Heidrun Huber,Jun-Ichirou Suzuki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402006807

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 2618

Proceedings of Clone 2000, an International Workshop held in Obergurgl, Austria, 20-25 August 2000

Gregor Johann Mendel

Leben, Werk und Wirkung

Author: Hugo Iltis

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662369540

Category: History

Page: 430

View: 5469

Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.