Pluralism and the Pragmatic Turn

The Transformation of Critical Theory, Essays in Honor of Thomas McCarthy

Author: William Rehg,James Bohman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262264303

Category: Philosophy

Page: 465

View: 9888

The essays in this volume reflect on and expand Frankfurt School critical theory as reformulated after World War II by Karl-Otto Apel, Jürgen Habermas, and others. Frankfurt School critical theory since the pragmatic turn has become a richer source of critical analysis that is at the same time socially and politically more effective. The essays are dedicated to Thomas McCarthy, who has done perhaps more than any other scholar to introduce English-speaking audiences to contemporary German critical theory.The book is organized into three parts. Part one deals with social theory and the rational basis of communication, including basic issues raised by the pragmatic turn. Part two examines conceptions of autonomy and the self. Part three deals with political theory, focusing on problems stemming from sociocultural pluralism. Together, the essays provide an overview of the latest developments in Frankfurt School critical theory as it responds to the challenges of pragmatism and social pluralism.

Demokratie als Erfahrung

John Dewey und die politische Philosophie der Gegenwart

Author: Dirk Jörke

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322935507

Category: Political Science

Page: 261

View: 3130

Im Zentrum des Buches von Dirk Jörke steht der enge Zusammenhang von Philosophie und Demokratie bei John Dewey. Der Autor skizziert dabei zwei zentrale Thesen. Die erste These besagt, dass sich dann eine neue und bessere Lesart des Gesamtwerkes von Dewey ergibt, wenn man den Begriff der ‚Erfahrung' in das Zentrum der Werkinterpretation stellt. Die zweite These knüpft hieran an und demonstriert die besondere Produktivität dieser Lesart für die demokratietheoretische Diskussion. In Auseinandersetzung mit den Hauptsträngen der gegenwärtigen politischen Theorie wie Liberalismus, Kommunitarismus und deliberative Demokratie wird die Aktualität und partielle Überlegenheit von Deweys Demokratietheorie aufgezeigt.

Der gefesselte Odysseus

Studien zur Kritischen Theorie und Psychoanalyse

Author: Joel Whitebook

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593384981

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 6368

Joel Whitebook verbindet Kritische Gesellschaftstheorie mit der Erforschung psychodynamischer Prozesse. In Fachkreisen längst bekannt, erregt der streitbare Psychoanalytiker und Philosoph zunehmend auch bei einem breiteren Publikum Aufmerksamkeit. Seine Ausführungen über Marx, Kant, Freud, Adorno, Arendt, Foucault, Honneth u. a. bieten sowohl eine Einführung in Schlüsselthemen der Gesellschaftskritik und Psychoanalyse als auch einen Einblick in die wechselseitigen Auseinandersetzungen und Kontroversen.

Autonomie

Ein Versuch über das gelungene Leben

Author: Beate Rössler

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518751123

Category: Philosophy

Page: 350

View: 4969

Ganz selbstverständlich gehen wir davon aus, autonom zu sein. Und wir denken, dass ein Leben, in dem wir wichtige Dinge gegen unseren Willen tun müssten, kein gelungenes sein kann. Wahr ist aber auch: Zahlreiche Aspekte unseres Leben sind gar nicht frei gewählt. Das gilt für viele soziale Beziehungen ebenso wie für so manche Situation, in die wir einfach hineingeraten sind. Die Alltagserfahrung lehrt uns, dass Selbstbestimmung zwar durchaus gelingen kann, aber eben auch häufig scheitert. Beate Rössler erkundet die Spannung zwischen unserem normativen Selbstverständnis und den Erfahrungen, die wir machen, wenn wir versuchen, ein autonomes Leben zu führen. Aus verschiedenen Perspektiven und im Rückgriff auf literarische Texte, zum Beispiel von Siri Hustvedt und Jane Austen, und Tagebücher, unter anderem von Franz Kafka und Max Frisch, beleuchtet sie die dabei auftretenden Widerstände und Ambivalenzen, untersucht die Rolle von Selbsterkenntnis und Selbsttäuschung und arbeitet die sozialen und politischen Bedingungen für Autonomie heraus. Deren Zusammenhang mit dem Sinn des Lebens und dem Glück ist der eigentliche Fluchtpunkt dieser eindrucksvollen Verteidigung der Autonomie gegen überzogene Erwartungen, aber vor allem gegen überbordende Skepsis.

Newsletter

Author: Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 7315

Critical conversations

a theory of press criticism

Author: Wendy N. Wyatt

Publisher: Hampton Pr

ISBN: 9781572737396

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 218

View: 407

Critical Theory and the Human Condition

Founders and Praxis

Author: Michael A. Peters,Colin Lankshear,Mark Olssen

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9780820451688

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 2002

This book presents essays written by internationally acclaimed scholars on the leading figures and major social projects and movements within the tradition of critical theory. <I>Critical Theory and the Human Condition is organized in two parts: -Labors of the Dialectic- and -Projects and Movements-. -Labors of the Dialectic- addresses key themes associated with the work of Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer, Walter Benjamin, Eric Fromm, Herbert Marcuse, Hannah Arendt, Karl Marx and Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Jurgen Habermas and Maxine Greene. Their work is situated in relation to contemporary issues associated with the human condition. -Projects and Movements- deals with the new politics of cynicism, knowledge, dialogue and humanization, critical race theory, critical multiculturalism, the body and feminist aesthetics, cultural studies, and the environment."

Radical Philosophy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 6281

The Rhetorical Pursuit of Political Advantage

Toward a Rhetorical Theory for Democratic Politics

Author: Scott Michael Welsh

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Oral communication

Page: 640

View: 6568

This dissertation explores the relationship between rhetoric and democracy. More specifically, it examines the theoretical demeaning of the rhetorical pursuit of political advantage that pervades normative theories of public deliberation in democracy, including both liberal and discourse theories. The main argument of the dissertation is that such theories wrongly oppose the idea of authentically democratic speech to strategic, tactical, or rhetorical modes of address. In contrast with the aversion to rhetoric found in normative theories of public deliberation, particularly those variously inspired by John Rawls and Jurgen Habermas, I advance an argument for an essential and productive relationship between rhetoric and democracy as suggested by Kenneth Burke and Michel de Certeau. Since currently marginalized citizens must, by necessity, deploy hegemonic discourses strategically in pursuit of a measure of political power or representation, theories of public deliberation in democracy that deny the general democratic legitimacy of the rhetorical pursuit of political advantage ideologically undermine democratic challengers. Instead of encouraging citizens to seriously attend to, and value, the essential democratic struggle for political advantage, prominent theories of public deliberation in democracy denigrate it. While the rhetorical pursuit of political advantage is susceptible to anti-democratic excesses, particularly of the sort that jeopardize peaceful association and truthful politics, theorists and citizens should not imagine an end to such excesses in visions of understanding or justification-oriented communication, but should look instead to effective counter-rhetorics. Peaceful association and epistemically accountable political speech should be regarded as situated, rhetorical-political achievements against the aims of the militant and the deceptive. Hence, this dissertation recommends that, rather than opposing democracy to rhetorical politics, citizens and theorists alike should recognize democracy in the broad proliferation of an effective ability, among diversely motivated people and groups, to win a share of political power rhetorically.

John Rawls

A Bibliography

Author: N.A

Publisher: Reference & Research Services

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 64

View: 9058

a bibliography of the work of John Rawls and critical literature about his work.

Javnost

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Communication and culture

Page: N.A

View: 7114

A fatal drifting apart

democratic social knowledge and Chicago reform

Author: Laura M. Westhoff

Publisher: Ohio State Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780814210581

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 309

View: 1557

The eyes of the country frequently turned to Chicago during the 1890s as the Windy City struggled with the promises and challenges of urban democracy. Americans of all classes feared the social dislocations and economic divisions of urbanization and industrialization, and the effects of political corruption and massive immigration on democratic politics. Yet many reformers were hopeful that new forms of social knowledge and urban reform could reinvigorate democracy. They saw the moment as one of great possibility. A Fatal Drifting Apart: Democratic Social Knowledge and Chicago Reform explores the efforts of diverse groups within Chicago during the Progressive Era. This backdrop of industrialization, emerging classes, and ethnic and racial pluralism frequently riven with class conflict set the stage on which Chicago reformers took up the seemingly impossible challenge of enacting democracy. Laura M. Westhoff examines historic events and well-known individuals of the period and brings them together in an unusual framework that offers a new perspective on the reorientation of knowledge, civic identity, and democratic culture at the dawn of the twentieth century, which she terms democratic social knowledge. The book raises important questions that continue to resonate: In a democracy, who has the power to define social problems and offer solutions, and whose experience and knowledge are seen as legitimate?

The Philosopher's Index

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 3363

Vols. for 1969- include a section of abstracts.

Re-presenting the Good Society

Author: Maeve Cooke

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 667

A proposal for negotiating the tension between an anti-authoritarian impulse and a guiding idea of context-transcending validity in critical social theory.

Reflexive Democracy

Political Equality and the Welfare State

Author: Kevin Olson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 3559

Since the Reagan and Thatcher revolutions of the 1980s, there has been little consensus on what welfare ought to do or how it ought to function. At the same time, post-Wall continental Europe searches for a "third way" between state-planned socialism and laissez-faire capitalism. In Reflexive Democracy, Kevin Olson takes on this contemporary conceptual crisis. He calls for a "political turn" in considerations of the welfare state, arguing that it should no longer be understood in primarily economic terms--as a redistributive and regulatory mechanism--but in political terms, as a means of living up to deep-seated values of political equality. Drawing on arguments by T. H. Marshall and Jürgen Habermas, Olson proposes a conception of political equality as the normative basis of the welfare state. He argues that there are inextricable connections between democracy and welfare: the welfare state both promotes political equality and depends on it for its own political legitimacy. The paradox of political equality as a precondition for political equality is best solved, Olson argues, by guaranteeing citizens the means for equal participation. This is a reflexive conception of democracy, in which democratic politics circles back to sustain the conditions of equality that make it possible.This view, Olson writes, is meant not to replace traditional economic concerns but to reveal deep interconnections between democratic equality and economic justice. It counters paternalistic ideas of welfare reform by focusing on citizen participation. This conception moves beyond simple equality in the possession of goods and resources to propose a rich, materially grounded conception of democratic equality.