Perspectives on Africa

A Reader in Culture, History and Representation

Author: Roy Richard Grinker,Stephen C. Lubkemann,Christopher Steiner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444335227

Category: Social Science

Page: 689

View: 7039

"This welcome new edition of key texts, written about Africa as well as from within it, builds on the past but speaks boldly to the current generation - with some striking contributions on contemporary issues." Wendy James, University of Oxford "This carefully chosen and brilliantly edited collection is an extraordinary resource for anthropologists of Africa. Some of the most seminal works in one of the most foundational domains in the discipline take on new significance In the light of the new current scholarship represented in the volume and of the new conversations among them that Grinker, Lubkernann and Steiner have brought out. This volume is a treasure." Caroline H. Bledsoe, Northwestern University "This Impressive volume provides a critical genealogy of scholarship In Africa, weaving together historical and contemporary pieces to provide insights not only into the political economy and cultural dynamism of Africa's past, but of its future too." Henrietta Moore, University of Cambridge and Centre for the Study of Global Governance, London School of Economics "This superb collection of influential contemporary and classic works in African studies will be indispensable to both students and instructors. Twelve thematic sections, each masterfully framed by the editors, offer a deft blend of intellectual history, theory, and thnography." Angelique Haugerud, Rutgers University The second edition of the popular reader Perspectives on Africa: A Reader in Culture, History, and Representation offers forty six articles illustrating the dynamic processes by which scholars have described and understood African history and culture over the past several decades. This new edition presents fourteen new selections as well as two entirely new parts, "Violent Transformations: Conflict and Displacement" and "Development, Governance, and Globalization," revealing the historical trajectory, daily experience, and vital influence of African people in the modern world. Roy Richard Grinker is Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs at George Washington University, Director of the GW Institute for Ethnographic Research, and Editor-in-Chief of Anthropological Quarterly. He is author of four other books, including In the Arms of Africa: The Life of Colin M. Turnbull, and Houses in the Rainforest, and Unstrange Minds: Remapping the World of Autism. Stephen C. Lubkemann is Associate Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs at George Washington University. He is author of Culture in Chaos: An Anthropology of the Social Condition in War and is associate editor for Anthropological Quarterly and a co-founder of GWU's Diaspora Research Program. Christopher B. Steiner is the Lucy C. McDannel '22 Professor of Art History and Anthropology, and Director of Museum Studies at Connecticut College. He is the author of the award-winning book African Art in Transit, and co-editor (with Ruth Phillips) of Unpacking Culture: Art and Commodity in Colonial and Postcolonial Worlds.

The Political Economy of West African Agriculture

Author: Keith Hart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521284233

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 4237

West Africa's agriculture has, for 150 years, been heavily geared toward export, yet the region is one of the world's poorest. Keith Hart examines this question, focusing particularly on how this situation has affected the indigenous peoples of West Africa. Commerce has grown impressively, but productivity remains low and capital accumulation is retarded. The reasons exist primarily in internal conditions shaping social institutions. Before, during, and since colonialism, the particular problems of these preindustrial states have shaped agricultural development more than the pressure supposedly emanating from the 'world system' of international capitalism. This book, following the classical economists as well as Marx and Lenin, argues for the necessity of rapid capitalist penetration into West African agriculture. The book is also a readable introduction to the history and ethnography of the region as a whole.

The Problem of Money

African Agency and Western Medicine in Northern Ghana

Author: Bernhard Bierlich

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845453510

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 4353

Based on long-term medical anthropological research in northern Ghana, the author analyses issues of health and healing, of gender, and of the control and use of money in a changing rural African setting. He describes the culture of medical pluralism, so typical for neo-colonial states, and people's choices of "traditional" (local) medicine (plants and sacrifices), Islamic medicine (charms and various written solutions) and "modern" therapy (biomedicine, in particular western pharmaceuticals). He concludes that the rural-urban divide is a fiction, that demarcations between these areas are frequently blurred, linked by a postcolonial, capitalist discourse of local markets, regional economies and national structures, which frequently emerge in local African settings but often originate in global and multinational markets.

Case Studies in Human Ecology

Author: Daniel G. Bates,Sarah H. Lees

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 147579584X

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 6364

This volume was developed to meet a much noted need for accessible case study material for courses in human ecology, cultural ecology, cultural geography, and other subjects increasingly offered to fulfill renewed student and faculty interest in environmental issues. The case studies, all taken from the journal Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Jouma~ represent a broad cross-section of contemporary research. It is tempting but inaccurate to sug gest that these represent the "Best of Human Ecology." They were selected from among many outstanding possibilities because they worked well with the organization of the book which, in turn, reflects the way in which courses in human ecology are often organized. This book provides a useful sample of case studies in the application of the perspective of human ecology to a wide variety of problems in dif ferent regions of the world. University courses in human ecology typically begin with basic concepts pertaining to energy flow, feeding relations, ma terial cycles, population dynamics, and ecosystem properties, and then take up illustrative case studies of human-environmental interactions. These are usually discussed either along the lines of distinctive strategies of food pro curement (such as foraging or pastoralism) or as adaptations to specific habitat types or biomes (such as the circumpolar regions or arid lands).

Shea Butter Republic

State Power, Global Markets, and the Making of an Indigenous Commodity

Author: Brenda Chalfin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415944618

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 295

View: 5194

Shea butter (butyrospermin parkii) has been produced and sold by rural West African women and circulated on the world market as a raw material for more than a century. Shea butter has been used for cooking, making soap and candles, leatherworking, dying, as a medical and beauty aid, and most significantly, as a substitute for cocoa butter in chocolate production. Now sold in exclusive shops as a high-priced cosmetic and medicinal product, it caters to the desire of cosmopolitan customers worldwide for luxury and exotic self-indulgence. This ethnographic study traces shea from a pre- to post-industrial commodity to provide a deeper understanding of emerging trends in tropical commoditization, consumption, global economic restructuring and rural livelihoods. Also inlcludes seven maps.

Fifteen Generations of Bretons

Kinship and Society in Lower Brittany, 1720-1980

Author: Martine Segalen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 323

View: 1526

Geschichte der Universität in Europa

Author: Walter Rüegg,Asa Briggs

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406369537

Category: Education, Higher

Page: 542

View: 478

Dieses auf vier Bände angelegte Werk ist eine Geschichte der "Institution Universität" in Europa von ihrer Entstehung im Mittelalter bis in die heutige Zeit und zugleich eine vergleichende Geschichte der europäischen Universitäten sowie der außereuropäischen Universitäten, die nach europäischem Muster gegründet worden sind. Es wird auf Initiative der europäischen Rektorenkonferenz (CRE), der über 500 wissenschaftliche Hochschulen in 27 europäischen Staaten angehören, von einem internationalen Komitee namhafter Wissenschaftler unter dem Vorsitz von Walter Rüegg (Schweiz) herausgegeben. Absicht dieses Gemeinschaftswerkes ist es, die gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen und Aufgaben, die Merkmale geistiger und institutioneller Identität, die Strukturen, Gestaltungen und Hauptprobleme der europäischen Universitäten in ihren geschichtlichen Grundlagen und Veränderungen, aber auch in ihren regionalen Unterschieden, auf dem heutigen Forschungsstand vergleichend und zusammenfassend darzustellen.

Die Frauen von Maroua

Liebe, Sexualität und Heirat in Nordkamerun

Author: Reinhard Kapfer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783779500339

Category: Fula (African people)

Page: 188

View: 7351

Afrikanische Frauen, genauer: Fulbe-Frauen aus Maroua, Nordkamerun - was erwarten sie vom Leben, von den Männern, von der Liebe? Was heißt das überhaupt für sie: Liebe, eine gute Ehe führen, den richtigen Mann finden? Reinhard Kapfer, der mehrere Jahre in Maroua gelebt hat, entwirft ein neues, intensives Bild von afrikanischen Frauen, das sich nicht mit den gängigen Stereotypen bescheidet. Er lernte die Sprache, führte zahlreiche Gespräche mit Frauen und Männern, unverheirateten und verheirateten, jüngeren und älteren. Der Ethnologe nähert sich seinem Thema neugierig und doch zurückhaltend, er verbirgt weder Sympathien noch Irritationen. Niemals versucht der Autor die Auskünfte der Frauen in feste Schemata zu pressen, etwa um eine Theorie zu bestätigen. Dabei erzählen die Frauen von Maroua oft Befremdliches. Unsere Vorstellungen von Liebe, Gefühl, Sexualität werden gründlich in Frage gestellt.

The Politics of Food

Author: Marianne E. Lien,Brigitte Nerlich

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781859738481

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 8106

Is shopping for food really a political act? Why is it that, in a world with enough food for everyone, more people than ever go hungry? Why did the French resistance against genetically modified foods become a fight against McDonalds? Why did the foot-and-mouth epidemic in the UK become a problem for consumers? Capable of connecting human bodies to abstract nations, and techno-science to moral concerns, food has become one of the most contested fields of our time. It is high on the political agenda throughout the world. With disease, contamination, famine, hunger and imbalanced food markets all unfortunate realities, a book that interrogates the politics of food is long overdue. From the BSE outbreak in the 1990s through to cultural taboos and the genetic modification of produce and livestock, this timely book raises provocative questions about how we relate to food in the 21st century. Recent food scandals and genetically modified organism controversies have shattered the idea that 'food is food' as we have always known it, and exposed fundamental dilemmas related to risk and control. Taking as its starting point the premise that food is politicized in arenas not commonly thought of as political, The Politics of Food explores issues surrounding the development of global food markets in underdeveloped nations and addresses recent events that have had a profound impact on how consumers feel about what they eat. The epidemic of foot-and-mouth disease that swept through the UK in 2001 spawned a series of questions concerning the real costs of cheap food. What lessons have been learned? And how are food choices linked to the politics of food markets? With globalization, food has increasingly become entangled in webs of political significance. Through ethnographic case studies, this book reveals how food has come to serve a key role in political resistance, grassroots activism and nation-building. Anyone interested in globalization, food safety, or what food choices say about food politics will find this book essential reading.

Between peace and justice

dispute settlement between Karaboro agriculturalists and Fulbe agro-pastoralists in Burkina Faso

Author: Sten Hagberg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 268

View: 7904

Des institutions pour les marchés. Rapport 2002

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0195216067

Category: Political Science

Page: 249

View: 6508

The World Development Report, now in its 24th edition, is the standard reference work for international economic data. It contains an appendix of social and economic statistics for more than 200 countries. World Development Report 2001--Institutions for Markets--focuses on the performance of transition countries in their progress toward market economies. This edition is centered around the issues related to market reform and how reforms can improve and sustain living standards. It answers such questions as: How can institutions better support markets? and What are the institutions which make markets effective in delivering inclusive growth?

Africa

Author: Diedrich Westermann,Edwin William Smith,Cyril Daryll Forde

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: African languages

Page: N.A

View: 6316

Includes Proceedings of the Executive council and List of members, also section "Review of books".

Social Critique and Commitment

Essays in Honor of Henry Rosenfeld

Author: Henry Rosenfeld,Majid Al Haj,Michael Saltman,Zvi Sobel

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 355

View: 4529

Social Critique and Commitment: Essays in Honor of Henry Rosenfeld is a compilation of primarily original essays that deal with Israel from a critical position. The essays touch upon central concerns such as the Arab-Israeli conflict, Arabs in Israel, the economy, and social policy. The essays highlight the conflicted nature of Israeli society and emphasize that what is occurring on this small canvas has ramifications going beyond the particular and specific, bearing regional and indeed world-wide implication.