The Political Economy of West African Agriculture

Author: Keith Hart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521284233

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 8119

West Africa's agriculture has, for 150 years, been heavily geared toward export, yet the region is one of the world's poorest. Keith Hart examines this question, focusing particularly on how this situation has affected the indigenous peoples of West Africa. Commerce has grown impressively, but productivity remains low and capital accumulation is retarded. The reasons exist primarily in internal conditions shaping social institutions. Before, during, and since colonialism, the particular problems of these preindustrial states have shaped agricultural development more than the pressure supposedly emanating from the 'world system' of international capitalism. This book, following the classical economists as well as Marx and Lenin, argues for the necessity of rapid capitalist penetration into West African agriculture. The book is also a readable introduction to the history and ethnography of the region as a whole.

Perspectives on Africa

A Reader in Culture, History and Representation

Author: Roy Richard Grinker,Stephen C. Lubkemann,Christopher Steiner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444335227

Category: Social Science

Page: 689

View: 7123

"This welcome new edition of key texts, written about Africa as well as from within it, builds on the past but speaks boldly to the current generation - with some striking contributions on contemporary issues." Wendy James, University of Oxford "This carefully chosen and brilliantly edited collection is an extraordinary resource for anthropologists of Africa. Some of the most seminal works in one of the most foundational domains in the discipline take on new significance In the light of the new current scholarship represented in the volume and of the new conversations among them that Grinker, Lubkernann and Steiner have brought out. This volume is a treasure." Caroline H. Bledsoe, Northwestern University "This Impressive volume provides a critical genealogy of scholarship In Africa, weaving together historical and contemporary pieces to provide insights not only into the political economy and cultural dynamism of Africa's past, but of its future too." Henrietta Moore, University of Cambridge and Centre for the Study of Global Governance, London School of Economics "This superb collection of influential contemporary and classic works in African studies will be indispensable to both students and instructors. Twelve thematic sections, each masterfully framed by the editors, offer a deft blend of intellectual history, theory, and thnography." Angelique Haugerud, Rutgers University The second edition of the popular reader Perspectives on Africa: A Reader in Culture, History, and Representation offers forty six articles illustrating the dynamic processes by which scholars have described and understood African history and culture over the past several decades. This new edition presents fourteen new selections as well as two entirely new parts, "Violent Transformations: Conflict and Displacement" and "Development, Governance, and Globalization," revealing the historical trajectory, daily experience, and vital influence of African people in the modern world. Roy Richard Grinker is Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs at George Washington University, Director of the GW Institute for Ethnographic Research, and Editor-in-Chief of Anthropological Quarterly. He is author of four other books, including In the Arms of Africa: The Life of Colin M. Turnbull, and Houses in the Rainforest, and Unstrange Minds: Remapping the World of Autism. Stephen C. Lubkemann is Associate Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs at George Washington University. He is author of Culture in Chaos: An Anthropology of the Social Condition in War and is associate editor for Anthropological Quarterly and a co-founder of GWU's Diaspora Research Program. Christopher B. Steiner is the Lucy C. McDannel '22 Professor of Art History and Anthropology, and Director of Museum Studies at Connecticut College. He is the author of the award-winning book African Art in Transit, and co-editor (with Ruth Phillips) of Unpacking Culture: Art and Commodity in Colonial and Postcolonial Worlds.

Case Studies in Human Ecology

Author: Daniel G. Bates,Sarah H. Lees

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 147579584X

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 1370

This volume was developed to meet a much noted need for accessible case study material for courses in human ecology, cultural ecology, cultural geography, and other subjects increasingly offered to fulfill renewed student and faculty interest in environmental issues. The case studies, all taken from the journal Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Jouma~ represent a broad cross-section of contemporary research. It is tempting but inaccurate to sug gest that these represent the "Best of Human Ecology." They were selected from among many outstanding possibilities because they worked well with the organization of the book which, in turn, reflects the way in which courses in human ecology are often organized. This book provides a useful sample of case studies in the application of the perspective of human ecology to a wide variety of problems in dif ferent regions of the world. University courses in human ecology typically begin with basic concepts pertaining to energy flow, feeding relations, ma terial cycles, population dynamics, and ecosystem properties, and then take up illustrative case studies of human-environmental interactions. These are usually discussed either along the lines of distinctive strategies of food pro curement (such as foraging or pastoralism) or as adaptations to specific habitat types or biomes (such as the circumpolar regions or arid lands).

Shea Butter Republic

State Power, Global Markets, and the Making of an Indigenous Commodity

Author: Brenda Chalfin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415944618

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 295

View: 3742

Shea butter (butyrospermin parkii) has been produced and sold by rural West African women and circulated on the world market as a raw material for more than a century. Shea butter has been used for cooking, making soap and candles, leatherworking, dying, as a medical and beauty aid, and most significantly, as a substitute for cocoa butter in chocolate production. Now sold in exclusive shops as a high-priced cosmetic and medicinal product, it caters to the desire of cosmopolitan customers worldwide for luxury and exotic self-indulgence. This ethnographic study traces shea from a pre- to post-industrial commodity to provide a deeper understanding of emerging trends in tropical commoditization, consumption, global economic restructuring and rural livelihoods. Also inlcludes seven maps.

The Problem of Money

African Agency and Western Medicine in Northern Ghana

Author: Bernhard Bierlich

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845453510

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 9779

Based on long-term medical anthropological research in northern Ghana, the author analyses issues of health and healing, of gender, and of the control and use of money in a changing rural African setting. He describes the culture of medical pluralism, so typical for neo-colonial states, and people's choices of "traditional" (local) medicine (plants and sacrifices), Islamic medicine (charms and various written solutions) and "modern" therapy (biomedicine, in particular western pharmaceuticals). He concludes that the rural-urban divide is a fiction, that demarcations between these areas are frequently blurred, linked by a postcolonial, capitalist discourse of local markets, regional economies and national structures, which frequently emerge in local African settings but often originate in global and multinational markets.

A History of Zimbabwe

Author: Alois S. Mlambo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139867520

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 8690

The first single-volume history of Zimbabwe with detailed coverage from pre-colonial times to the present, this book examines Zimbabwe's pre-colonial, colonial and postcolonial social, economic and political history and relates historical factors and trends to recent developments in the country. Zimbabwe is a country with a rich history, dating from the early San hunter-gatherer societies. The arrival of British imperial rule in 1890 impacted the country tremendously, as the European rulers exploited Zimbabwe's resources, giving rise to a movement of African nationalism and demands for independence. This culminated in the armed conflict of the 1960s and 1970s and independence in 1980. The 1990s were marked by economic decline and the rise of opposition politics. In 1999, Mugabe embarked on a violent land reform program that plunged the nation's economy into a downward spiral, with political violence and human rights violations making Zimbabwe an international pariah state. This book will be useful to those studying Zimbabwean history and those unfamiliar with the country's past.

The Human Economy

Author: Keith Hart,Jean-Louis Laville,Antonio David Cattani

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745649807

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 371

View: 7052

The global financial crisis has renewed concern about whether capitalist markets are the best way of organizing economic life. Would it not be better if we were to treat the economy as something made and remade by people themselves, rather than as an impersonal machine? The object of a human economy is the reproduction of human beings and of whatever sustains life in general. Such an economy would express human variety in its local particulars as well as the interests of all humanity. The editors have assembled here a citizen's guide to building a human economy. This project is not a dream but is part of a collective effort that began a decade ago at the first World Social Forum in Porto Alegre, Brazil, and has gathered pace ever since. Over thirty original essays address topics that range from globalization, community participation and microcredit to corporate social responsibility and alternative energy. Each offers a critical guide to further reading. The Human Economy builds on decades of engaged research to bring a new economic vision to general readers and a comprehensive guide for all students of the contemporary world.

Economic Development and Environmental History in the Anthropocene

Perspectives on Asia and Africa

Author: Gareth Austin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474267505

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 344

View: 5110

For the populations of the developing economies – the vast majority of humanity – the present century offers the prospect of emulating Western standards of living. This hope is combined with increasing awareness of the environmental consequences of the very process of global industrialisation itself. This book explores the interactions between economic development and the physical environment in four regions of the developing world: Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia and East Asia. The contributors focus on the 'Anthropocene': our present era, in which humanity's influence on the physical environment has begun to mark the geological record. Economic Development and Environmental History in the Anthropocene examines environmental changes at global level and human responses to environmental opportunities and constraints on more local and regional scales, themes which have been insufficiently studied to date. This volume fills this gap in the literature by combining historical, economic and geographical perspectives to consider the implications of the Anthropocene for economic development in Asia and Africa.

Continuity and Change in a West African Society

Globalization's Impact on the Sisala of Ghana

Author: Eugene L. Mendonsa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780890896372

Category: Social Science

Page: 425

View: 8327

This book focuses on the political economy of the Sisala of Northern Ghana, showing how the creation of their society was influenced from the very beginning by the world system -- primarily through slave raiding. Mendonsa looks at how their society continues to be influenced by the global economy today, and how such contacts with the outside world are altering their ability to survive in the Savanna as farmers. There are two foci to the book: (1) It focuses on how such outside influences have affected and are changing the relationships between elders, women and young men, as elders attempt to control the labor of their subordinates within the context of the gerontocracy that functions as the political economy of their society. The main outside influences today come from agricultural inputs and consumer goods as well as the new marketing opportunities in cash-cropping and selling maize in urban markets to the south. Such economic opportunities are changing the nature of social control in this lineage-based society. (2) These relationships with the global economy have also created a condition of dependency on petroleum, petroleum-driven machinery, imported fertilizer, and other chemicals. Mendonsa sees this as a tenuous position for Sisala farmers, many of them being subordinates -- women and young men -- who have become involved in cash-cropping. He proposes a more sustainable form of farming in animal-traction technology, giving data to show how such technology and organic methods such as composting, green manuering, and intercropping can provide a sustainable base for the ongoing nature of Sisala society.

Fifteen Generations of Bretons

Kinship and Society in Lower Brittany, 1720-1980

Author: Martine Segalen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 323

View: 1026

Property and Political Order in Africa

Land Rights and the Structure of Politics

Author: Catherine Boone

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107040698

Category: Law

Page: 424

View: 5589

In sub-Saharan Africa, property relationships around land and access to natural resources vary across localities, districts, and farming regions. These differences produce patterned variations in relationships between individuals, communities, and the state. This book captures these patterns in an analysis of structure and variation in rural land tenure regimes. In most farming areas, state authority is deeply embedded in land regimes, drawing farmers, ethnic insiders and outsiders, lineages, villages, and communities into direct and indirect relationships with political authorities at different levels of the state apparatus. The analysis shows how property institutions - institutions that define political authority and hierarchy around land - shape dynamics of great interest to scholars of politics, including the dynamics of land-related competition and conflict, territorial conflict, patron-client relations, electoral cleavage and mobilization, ethnic politics, rural rebellion, and the localization and "nationalization" of political competition.

Africa

the politics of suffering and smiling

Author: Patrick Chabal

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 212

View: 8476

In this book, Patrick Chabal discusses the limitations of existing political theories of Africa and proposes a different starting point; arguing that political thinking ought to be driven by the need to address the immediacy of everyday life and death. How do people define who they are? Where do they belong? What do they believe? How do they struggle to survive and improve their lives? What is the impact of illness and poverty? In doing so, Chabal proposes a radically different way of looking at politics in Africa and illuminates the ways ordinary people "suffer and smile." This is a highly original addition to Zed's groundbreaking Global Political Theories series.

Monographic Series

Author: Library of Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Children's literature in series

Page: N.A

View: 6945

Early State Economics

Author: Henri J. M. Claessen,Pieter Van De Velde

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412822053

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 339

View: 1497

This volume focuses on the political economy of early state societies and the ways in which the income of the central government of such systems was collected and spent. At the theoretical end of the spectrum, this book offers a general discussion of the concept of political economy; modes of production in antiquity; and an overview of early state organizational forms. With the data represented in this volume, such theoretical viewpoints are evaluated and it is concluded that inherited approaches fall far short of explaining the political economies of early states.

Between peace and justice

dispute settlement between Karaboro agriculturalists and Fulbe agro-pastoralists in Burkina Faso

Author: Sten Hagberg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 268

View: 1508