Politics Latin America

Author: Gavin O'Toole

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317861949

Category: Political Science

Page: 768

View: 5528

"This is a volume which will become invaluable to those attempting to guide the neophyte through the maze of politics in Latin America" - Journal of Latin American Studies Politics Latin America examines the role of Latin America in the world and its importance to the study of politics with particular emphasis on the institutions and processes that exist to guarantee democracy and the forces that threaten to compromise it. Now in its second edition and fully revised to reflect recent developments in the region, Politics Latin America provides students and teachers with an accessible overview of the region’s unique political and economic landscape, covering every aspect of governance in its 21 countries. The book examines the international relations of Latin American states as they seek to carve out a role in an increasingly globalised world and will be an ideal introduction for undergraduate courses in Latin American politics and comparative politics.

Media and Politics in Latin America

Globalization, Democracy and Identity

Author: Carolina Matos

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1848856121

Category: History

Page: 289

View: 5158

Latin America is an increasingly important geopolitical entity and its nations are emerging as some of the most influential and radical states in the modern world. The media conglomerates which control the television and radio platforms in these countries, such as the Globo organization in Brazil and the Mercurial S.P.A. media corporation in Chile, have great political influence across the region. Here, Carolina Matos contrasts public service broadcasting in Latin America to that in Europe and the UK, engaging with current debates on globalization and theories of cultural imperialism. She examines the role public media has played in the processes of national development, democratization, and international dialogue across South and Central America, arguing that it can be a powerful tool for political and social inclusion. This book will be essential reading for students and scholars of Media, Politics, and Cultural Studies, as well as those with an interest in Latin American culture. As key polities, such as Brazil and Mexico, begin to flex their economic and demographic muscle, Media and Politics in Latin America is a timely examination of society and politics in the region.

Militarism and Politics in Latin America

Peru from Sánchez Cerro to Sendero Luminoso

Author: Daniel M. Masterson

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313272134

Category: History

Page: 345

View: 2559

This is the only comprehensive case study in English of the highly complex Peruvian military and its place in Peruvian society. Covering the early 1930s to present, it is based on extensive Latin American and U.S. archival sources and personal interviews. Emphasis is placed on the impact of French and U.S. military theory; revolutionary politics up to and including Sendero Luminoso; the rationale behind General Alvarado's reforms (1968-75); Velasco's legacy; and an examination of the Soviet Union's involvement in Peru. For students and scholars of contemporary Latin America.

The International Politics of Latin America

Author: Peter Calvert

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719034961

Category: Latin America

Page: 261

View: 2166

"Relatively brief book on a large topic. Applies a comprehensive and combined international-domestic political systems organizing framework, guided by neo-realist conceptual assumptions"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.

Oil and Politics in Latin America

Nationalist Movements and State Companies

Author: George Philip

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521030700

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 604

View: 2887

This book provides a study of the transformation of the Latin American oil system from one in which the international oil companies dominated to one which is dominated by the main state oil companies, and an account of how some of the more important of the state companies have operated. This comprehensive guide to the evolution of the Latin American oil system combines in one volume a synthesis of material from secondary sources and original research and thus provides an invaluable reference for all concerned with the history and economy of Latin America and with the development and functioning of the international oil industry.

Warriors and Scribes

Essays on the History and Politics of Latin America

Author: James Dunkerley

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859847541

Category: History

Page: 211

View: 7318

Warriors and Scribes opens and closes using the prism of biography to question the framing of Latin American political life from both a northern, Cold War perspective and from the trivializations of postmodernism. An investigation of Jorge Castaneda's Utopia Disarmed reveals that Latin American politics are eminently transformable beyond the failed nostrums of multilateral organizations and collapsed dictatorships of the 1980s. In surveying regional relations with the USA since 1800, and taking a wry look at Hollywood's treatment of Central America under Reagan, Dunkerley points out that Anglo-America has possessed neither a uniform imperialist vocation, nor the consistent capacity to impose it. Two pieces written in the late 1990s – a reappraisal of Latin American Studies since the Cuban Revolution and a survey of the contemporary politics of Bolivia – reflect the author's concerns with a place that was 'American' for half a millennium before the 'Americanization through globalization' became a watchword.

Women, Culture, and Politics in Latin America

Author: Seminar on Feminism & Culture in Latin America

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520909076

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 1319

The result of a collaboration among eight women scholars, this collection examines the history of women’s participation in literary, journalistic, educational, and political activity in Latin American history, with special attention to the first half of this century.

Politics of Latin America

The Power Game

Author: Harry E. Vanden,Gary Prevost

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195123173

Category: Political Science

Page: 542

View: 4527

This study explores both the evolution and the current state of the political scene in Latin America. It looks at the use and abuse of power and the importance of social conditions, gender, race, and political economy. Case studies of seven Latin American nations are discussed in depth.

The War of Gods

Religion and Politics in Latin America

Author: Michael Löwy

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859840023

Category: Religion

Page: 163

View: 876

The War of Gods traces the intimate relationship between religion, politics and social issues in Latin America over the last three decades, as liberation theology has reinterpreted the vocation of the Catholic Church and as Protestantism has made inroads on traditional Catholic strongholds. In the 1960s liberation theology addressed itself to the problems of a continent racked by poverty and oppression. Comprising a network of localized communities and pastoral organizations, it soon became something much more than a doctrinal current. Liberationist Christianity defined itself in a multitude of social struggles, particularly in Brazil and Central America. Many of the most momentous events in the continent's recent history—the Nicaraguan revolution, the development of the PT (Workers' Party) in Brazil, the tortuous ascent of President Aristide in Haiti and the uprising in Chiapas—have borne witness to the influence of a distinctive liberationist Christianity. Michael Löwy proposes here a new interpretation—inspired by the sociology of culture—both of liberation theology and of the rival religious projects in Latin America.

Death, Dismemberment, and Memory

Body Politics in Latin America

Author: Lyman L. Johnson

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826332011

Category: History

Page: 354

View: 7805

The memories of heroes are preserved the world over in place names, patriotic holidays, printed images on money and stamps, folk songs, roadside shrines, and on web sites. Understanding the origin and meaning of these forms of symbolic political speech is a way to understand cultures and histories. The essays collected here address symbolic political speech associated with the bodies (and body parts) of martyred heroes in Latin America. The authors examine the processes through which these bodies are selected as political vessels, the forms in which they are venerated and memorialized, and the ways they are invested with meaning. Since colonial times governments and their political enemies in Latin America have struggled to control or appropriate the powerful symbolic powers associated with the bodies of the revered dead. Early examples discussed in this book include Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec ruler executed by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in 1524, and Túpac Amaru, the rebel Inca ruler executed by a Spanish viceroy in Peru in 1572. In both cases the bodies were denied to followers by authorities but were reclaimed symbolically by later generations who found enduring meaning in the sufferings of these martyrs. More recently, the bodies of Evita Perón and Che Guevara were recovered and appropriately reburied by admirers and loyalists. The authors explore the region's mixture of cultures, the legacy of Catholicism, and the persistence of underdevelopment, as they illuminate why the heroic dead in Latin America are likely to speak the language of social protest and resistance to foreign exploiters.


Women in Politics in Latin America

Author: Elsa M. Chaney

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292772637

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 3526

The title of this book, Supermadre, is ironic. It means, not that women have begun to exercise real power in Latin American political life, but that their participation is mostly confined to roles that are extensions of their roles as mothers—health, education, welfare, for example—and then only on the lower levels of policy-making. Elsa Chaney begins her study with an examination of various attempts to explain women's virtual absence from decision-making councils not only in Latin America but also world-wide, concluding that their motherhood role has had the profoundest effect on the nature of their political activities. She then analyzes the images and realities of women in Latin American society from colonial times to the present. The remainder of the book is a detailed study of women in politics and government in Latin America, with emphasis on the contrasting cases of Peru and Chile. In conclusion, Chaney suggests that women will make only slow progress toward full participation in public life until they themselves stop seeing their role in politics as that of the supermadre.

Globalization and Austerity Politics in Latin America

Author: Stephen B. Kaplan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107017971

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 331

View: 7422

The book explores the effect of financial globalization on Latin American economic policy-making.

The Judicialization of Politics in Latin America

Author: Alan Angell,Line Schjolden,Rachel Sieder

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781403970862

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 9138

During the last two decades the judiciary has come to play an increasingly important political role in Latin America. Constitutional courts and supreme courts are more active in counterbalancing executive and legislative power than ever before. At the same time, the lack of effective citizenship rights has prompted ordinary people to press their claims and secure their rights through the courts. This collection of essays analyzes the diverse manifestations of the judicialization of politics in contemporary Latin America, assessing their positive and negative consequences for state-society relations, the rule of law, and democratic governance in the region. With individual chapters exploring Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela, it advances a comparative framework for thinking about the nature of the judicialization of politics within contemporary Latin American democracies.

Capital City Politics in Latin America

Democratization and Empowerment

Author: David J. Myers

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781588260406

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 3372

As Latin America's new democratic regimes have decentralized, the region's capital cities - and their elected mayors - have gained increasing importance. Capital City Politics in Latin America tells the story of these cities: how they are changing operationally, how the the empowerment of mayors and other municipal institutions is exacerbating political tensions between local executives and regional and national entities, and how the cities' growing significance affects traditional political patterns throughout society. The authors weave a tapestry that illustrates the impact of local, national, and transnational power relations on the strategies available to Latin America's capital city mayors as they seek to transform their greater influence into desired actions.

Women and Politics in Latin America

Author: Nikki Craske

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745666086

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 1547

This book provides a comprehensive view of women's political participation in Latin America. Focusing on the latter half of the twentieth century, it examines five different arenas of action and debate: political institutions, workplaces, social movements, revolutions and feminisms.

Church and Politics in Latin America

Author: Dermot Keogh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 134909661X

Category: Political Science

Page: 430

View: 6883

Complex and profound changes have been taking place in the Latin American Catholic Church in the 20th century which have often been misunderstood and misrepresented. This is a collection of essays written by scholars working in the fields of history, political science, sociology, law and theology.

Decentralization and Subnational Politics in Latin America

Author: Tulia G. Falleti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139486279

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8039

Is it always true that decentralization reforms put more power in the hands of governors and mayors? In post-developmental Latin America, the surprising answer to this question is no. In fact, a variety of outcomes are possible, depending largely on who initiates the reforms, how they are initiated, and in what order they are introduced. Tulia G. Falleti draws on extensive fieldwork, in-depth interviews, archival records, and quantitative data to explain the trajectories of decentralization processes and their markedly different outcomes in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico. In her analysis, she develops a sequential theory and method that are successful in explaining this counterintuitive result. Her research contributes to the literature on path dependence and institutional evolution and will be of interest to scholars of decentralization, federalism, subnational politics, intergovernmental relations, and Latin American politics.

The Catholic Church and Power Politics in Latin America

The Dominican Case in Comparative Perspective

Author: Emelio Betances

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742555051

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 9545

The Catholic Church acted as a mediator during social and political change in several Latin American countries from the 1960s through the 1990s: the Dominican Republic, Bolivia, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and El Salvador. Although the Catholic clergy was called to mediate in political crises in all five countries, in the Dominican Republic the Church's role as mediator was eventually institutionalized. A historical examination of church-state relations and case study of the Dominican Republic leads into important regional comparisons that broaden our understanding of the Catholic Church in the whole of Latin America.

Remaking the Nation

Identity and Politics in Latin America

Author: Sarah Radcliffe,Dr Sallie Westwood,Sallie Westwood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134805594

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 1928

Remaking the Nation presents new ways of thinking about the nation, nationalism and national identities. Drawing links between popular culture and indigenous movements, issues of 'race' and gender, and ideologies of national identity, the authors draw on their work in Latin America to illustrate their retheorisation of the politics of nationalism. This engaging exploration of contemporary politics in a postmodern, post new-world-order uncovers a map of future political organisation, a world of pluri-nations and ethnicised identities in the ever-changing struggle for democracy.