The Serial Stelae Cycle of "18-Rabbit–God K," King of Copan
Author: Elizabeth A. Newsome
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Category: Social Science
Assemblies of rectangular stone pillars, or stelae, fill the plazas and courts of ancient Maya cities throughout the lowlands of southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and western Honduras. Mute testimony to state rituals that linked the king's power to rule with the rhythms and renewal of time, the stelae document the ritual acts of rulers who sacrificed, danced, and experienced visionary ecstasy in connection with celebrations marking the end of major calendrical cycles. The kings' portraits are carved in relief on the main surfaces of the stones, deifying them as incarnations of the mythical trees of life. Based on a thorough analysis of the imagery and inscriptions of seven stelae erected in the Great Plaza at Copan, Honduras, by the Classic Period ruler "18-Rabbit-God K," this ambitious study argues that stelae were erected not only to support a ruler's temporal claims to power but more importantly to express the fundamental connection in Maya worldview between rulership and the cosmology inherent in their vision of cyclical time. After an overview of the archaeology and history of Copan and the reign and monuments of "18-Rabbit-God K," Elizabeth Newsome interprets the iconography and inscriptions on the stelae, illustrating the way they fulfilled a coordinated vision of the king's ceremonial role in Copan's period-ending rites. She also links their imagery to key Maya concepts about the origin of the universe, expressed in the cosmologies and mythic lore of ancient and living Maya peoples.
History, Culture, and Heritage
Author: Louis E. Grivetti,Howard-Yana Shapiro
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
International Association of Culinary Professionals (IACP) 2010Award Finalists in the Culinary History category. Chocolate. We all love it, but how much do we really knowabout it? In addition to pleasing palates since ancient times,chocolate has played an integral role in culture, society,religion, medicine, and economic development across the Americas,Africa, Asia, and Europe. In 1998, the Chocolate History Group was formed by theUniversity of California, Davis, and Mars, Incorporated to documentthe fascinating story and history of chocolate. This book featuresfifty-seven essays representing research activities andcontributions from more than 100 members of the group. Thesecontributors draw from their backgrounds in such diverse fields asanthropology, archaeology, biochemistry, culinary arts, genderstudies, engineering, history, linguistics, nutrition, andpaleography. The result is an unparalleled, scholarly examinationof chocolate, beginning with ancient pre-Columbian civilizationsand ending with twenty-first-century reports. Here is a sampling of some of the fascinating topics exploredinside the book: Ancient gods and Christian celebrations: chocolate andreligion Chocolate and the Boston smallpox epidemic of 1764 Chocolate pots: reflections of cultures, values, and times Pirates, prizes, and profits: cocoa and early American eastcoast trade Blood, conflict, and faith: chocolate in the southeast andsouthwest borderlands of North America Chocolate in France: evolution of a luxury product Development of concept maps and the chocolate researchportal Not only does this book offer careful documentation, it alsofeatures new and previously unpublished information andinterpretations of chocolate history. Moreover, it offers a wealthof unusual and interesting facts and folklore about one of theworld's favorite foods.
A Guide to the Gods, Heroes, Rituals, and Beliefs of Mexico and Central America
Author: Kay Almere Read,Jason J. Gonzalez
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
An excellent resource, Handbook of Mesoamerican Mythology introduces readers to the mythology of Mexico and Central America. Its chief focus is on Mexican Highland and Maya areas, as they were, and are, of utmost importance to Mesoamerican history. An extensive and edifying introduction defines the nature of myth, the Mesoamericans as a people, and the cultural worldview that informed Mesoamerican mythology. The Handbook presents historical and mythological timelines, with each time period and cultural group fully defined. Also featured is a quick geographical and historical survey of Mesoamerica from the Paleoindian Era to the present, as well as a discussion of some of the challenges and possibilities that structure Mesoamerican studies. Moreover, an extensive reference list and a glossary of cultural and mythological terms are included, and pronunciation guides are given throughout. With an annotated bibliography that ranges from film to websites, fiction to poetry, and from introductory to scholarly works, the book is an all-embracing portal to its subject.
Indigenous Absence in Transatlantic Literatures
Author: Adam Lifshey
Publisher: Fordham University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
This book intervenes in transatlantic and hemispheric studies by positing Americaas not a particular country or continent but a foundational narrative, in which conquerors arrive at a shore intent on overwriting local versions of humanity, culture, and landscape with inscriptions of their own design. This imposition of foreign textualities, however dominant, is never complete because the absences of the disappeared still linger manifestly, still are present. That apparent paradox results in a haunted America, whose conquest is always partial and whose conquered are always contestatory. Readers of scholarship by transatlanticists such as Paul Gilroy and hemispherists such as Diana Taylor will find new conceptualizations here of an America that knows no geographic boundaries, whose absences are collective but not necessarily interrelated by genealogy. The five principal texts at hand - Columbus's diary of his first voyage, the Popol Vuh of the Maya-K'iche', Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, Evita's Cuando los Combes luchaban (the first African novel in Spanish), and Pynchon's Mason & Dixon - are examined as foundational stories of America in their imaginings of its transatlantic commencement. Interspersed too are shorter studies of narratives by William Carlos Williams, Rigoberta Mench£, μlvar N£¤ez Cabeza de Vaca, Jos Mart¡, Mark Knopfler (former lead singer of Dire Straits) and Gabriel Garc¡a M~rquez. These texts are rarely if ever read together because of their discrete provenances in time and place, yet their juxtaposition reveals how the disjunctions and ruptures that took place on the eastern and western shores of the Atlantic upon the arrival of Europeans became insinuated as recurring and resistant absences in narratives ostensibly contextualized by the Conquest.The book concludes by proposing that Mary Shelley's Frankenstein is the great American novel.After Specters of Conquest: Indigenous Absence in Transatlantic Literatures, America will never seem the same.
Author: Elizabeth P. Benson
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Category: Social Science
The Moche, or Mochica, created an extraordinary civilization on the north coast of Peru for most of the first millennium AD. Although they had no written language with which to record their history and beliefs, the Moche built enormous ceremonial edifices and embellished them with mural paintings depicting supernatural figures and rituals. Highly skilled Moche artisans crafted remarkable ceramic vessels, which they painted with figures and scenes or modeled like sculpture, and mastered metallurgy in gold, silver, and copper to make impressive symbolic ornaments. They also wove textiles that were complex in execution and design. A senior scholar renowned for her discoveries about the Moche, Elizabeth P. Benson published the first English-language monograph on the subject in 1972. Now in this volume, she draws on decades of knowledge, as well as the findings of other researchers, to offer a grand overview of all that is currently known about the Moche. Touching on all significant aspects of Moche culture, she covers such topics as their worldview and ritual life, ceremonial architecture and murals, art and craft, supernatural beings, government and warfare, and burial and the afterlife. She demonstrates that the Moche expressed, with symbolic language in metal and clay, what cultures in other parts of the world presented in writing. Indeed, Benson asserts that the accomplishments of the Moche are comparable to those of their Mesoamerica contemporaries, the Maya, which makes them one of the most advanced civilizations of pre-Columbian America.
The Real First Part of the Prehistory of the Cherokee People And Nation According to Oral Traditions, Legends, and Myths
Author: Charla Jean Morris
Category: Social Science
While in medical school (which I did not have the privilege of completing), once a week we had a small group discussion class called Focus On Problems. Each group had a leader, a member of the medical school staff or someone closely associated with the school, usually an MD or Ph.D. Our group leader was Dean of the Medical School, H. David Wilson, MD. One class period focused on working with patients of different ethnic backgrounds. Dr. Wilson asked me what were some of the traditions of my tribe in regard to medicine that would be helpful for a doctor to know. My reply was that I had been raised like a white, that I had grown up learning about various herbal and natural remedies, but that I knew nothing about the specific medical traditions, ceremonial or secular, of my people.I had always longed to know of the traditions of my people before that, but circumstances of my family history had not allowed it. That question in the Focus On Problems class caused that longing to intensify into a sharp pang of longing that would not be satisfied until many years later. While in the first two years of medical school as a nontraditional student, I was in an environment that encouraged the development of the knowledge of Native American traditions. We had Native American speakers that came and elaborated on Native American traditions. One area that was lacking was tribal histories, but what academics label prehistory. I commented to her that when white man came, they did all they could to destroy our social and religious fabric, so the old traditions were not passed down to most of the remaining members of the tribes. “Now we know nothing of our old history. There is nothing left. The white side of my family history is easy to know, but not my Cherokee and Choctaw side.” She replied by saying that, yes, many of our peoples have lost their old traditions, and it is sad.
Ancient Wisdom in the Era of 2012
Author: Robert Sitler
Publisher: North Atlantic Books
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
" ... Explaining how we can use the era of 2012 as a unique opportunity for growth, Sitler proposes that following the Mayan way has "the potential to ground our lives more harmoniously in nature's infinitely complex ways, to broaden our perspectives on human existence, and to connect us more substantively with our innate capacity for comassion.""--Back cover.
From Maize to Menopause
Author: Daniel Lee Kleinman,Abby J. Kinchy,Jo Handelsman
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
Written for general readers, teachers, journalists, and policymakers, this volume explores four controversial topics in science and technology, with commentaries from experts in such fields as sociology, religion, law, ethics, and politics: * Antibiotics and Resistance: the science, the policy debates, and perspectives from a microbiologist, a veterinarian, and an M.D. * Genetically Modified Maize and Gene Flow: the science of genetic modification, protecting genetic diversity, agricultural biotech vesus the environment, corporate patents versus farmers' rights * Hormone Replacement Theory and Menopause: overview of the Women's Health Initiative, history of hormone replacement therapy, the medicalization of menopause, hormone replacement therapy and clinical trials * Smallpox: historical and medical overview of smallpox, government policies for public health, the Emergency Health Powers Act, public resistance vs. cooperation.
Author: Walter Burkert,Christoph Riedweg,M. Laura Gemelli Marciano
Publisher: Ruprecht Gmbh & Co
Dieser Band enthalt Beitrage aus einem Bereich, in dem Walter Burkert in verschiedener Hinsicht Pionierarbeit geleistet hat und heute eine anerkannte Autoritat ist: Es geht um die Beziehungen zwischen der sich entwickelnden griechischen Zivilisation und den alteren, bereits konsolidierten orientalischen Kulturen. Die Ionier sind gekommen. Sie haben die Stadte angegriffen a auf ihren Schiffen a mitten durch das Meer. So lesen wir in einem Keilschrifttext, der auf die Zeit kurz nach 738 v. Chr. datiert wird und ein Zeugnis fur fruhe und durchaus nicht immer friedliche Beziehungen zwischen der Bevolkerung ostlich des Mittelmeeres und den unternehmungslustigen Ioniern darstellt. Die meisten Kontakte kamen durch Vermittlung anderer Volker zustande. Im komplexen Panorama von Volkern und Sprachen bewegt sich Walter Burkert mit groaer Ungezwungenheit und gelangt zu einem umfassenden Uberblick.
Author: Albert M. Craig,William A. Graham,Donald Kagan
Publisher: Pearson College Division
This comprehensive, accessible survey of world history has been extensively revised to provide an even more global and comparative perspective on the events and processes that have shaped our increasingly interdependent world. Written by leading scholars in their respective fields, Heritage of World Civilizations, 6/e, combines unusually strong and thorough coverage of the unique heritage of Asian, African, Islamic, Western, and American civilizations, while highlighting the role of the world's great religious and philosophical traditions. Interactive maps—one Web-based interactive map in each chapter—provides readers with opportunities to explore the relationships between time and space in shaping world history. A three-volume organization (available in A,B,C splits)— Volume A covers antiquity to 1300; Volume B covers the period from 1300-1850; and Volume C covers the Enlightenment to the present. Sixth editions now provide roughly the same amount of coverage for European and non-European regions. Volumes include European events during the High Middle Ages and Renaissance; extensive discussion of globalization, terrorism, and the challenges facing the world in the 21st century; revised coverage of the ancient world—treatment of the origins of humankind has been completely rewritten to reflect the newest scholarship; provides significant new coverage of women in ancient Greece and Rome. For anyone interested in world civilization or world history.
Category: American literature
Ehrkonflike in Gesellschaften des Mittelalters und der Frühen Neuzeit
Author: Klaus Schreiner,Gerd Schwerhoff
Publisher: Bohlau Verlag
Category: Sports in literature
Das praktische Grundlagenwerk zum Schamanismus
Author: Michael Harner
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Dieses berühmte, zeitlose Grundlagenwerk von Michael Harner enthält alle wichtigen Informationen über den Schamanismus und seine praktische Anwendung. Der Autor versteht es dabei meisterhaft, dem westlichen Leser die jahrtausendealten Heiltechniken verschiedener schamanischer Kulturen ebenso spannend wie verständlich nahe zu bringen. Er erklärt, was Schamanismus bedeutet und beschreibt ausführlich die Methoden, mit denen jeder in einen Bewusstseinszustand gelangen kann, der in eine andere Wirklichkeit führt. Ein praktischer Weg, gerade für den modernen Menschen, um die eigene Schamanenkraft zu entdecken und diese für ein bewusstes, gesundes und glückliches Leben zu nutzen.
Author: Karine Chemla,Donald John Harper,Marc Kalinowski
Category: Excavations (Archaeology)