Poverty Policy And Poverty Research

Author: Robert H. Haveman

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299111540

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 307

View: 5938

The War on Poverty, instituted in 1965 during the administration of Lyndon B. Johnson, was one of the chief elements of that president s Great Society initiative. This book describes and assesses the major social science research effort that grew up with, and in part because of, these programs. Robert H. Haveman s objective is to illuminate the process by which social and political developments have an impact on the direction of progress in the social sciences. Haveman identifies the policy measures most closely tied to the War on Poverty and the Great Society and describes the nature of these policies and their growth from 1965 to 1980. He examines the extent and growth of resources devoted to the poverty-related research that accompanied these programs, and assesses the impact of the growth in this research commitment over the 1965 1980 period. Haveman s was the first full overview of recent poverty-related research and an overview of methodological developments in the social sciences in the post-1965 period which were stimulated by the antipoverty effort. "

Public Values, Private Lands

Farmland Preservation Policy, 1933-1985

Author: Tim Lehman

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9780807821770

Category: Nature

Page: 239

View: 4538

Tim Lehman examines the political battles over public policies to protect farmland from urban sprawl. His detailed account clarifies three larger themes: the ongoing struggle over land use planning in this country, the emerging environmental critique of m

Politics and the Professors

The Great Society in Perspective

Author: Henry Aaron

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815717775

Category: Political Science

Page: 185

View: 7240

In the early 1960s America was in a confident mood and embarked on a series of efforts to solve the problems of poverty, racial discrimination, unemployment, and inequality of educational opportunity. The programs of the Great Society and the War on Poverty were undergirded by a broad consensus about what our problems as a nation were and how we should solve them. But by the early seventies both political and scholarly tides had shifted. Americans were divided and uncertain about what to do abroad, fearful of military inferiority, and pessimistic about the capacity of government to deal affirmatively with domestic problems. A new administration renounced the rhetoric of the Great Society and changed the emphasis of many programs. On the scholarly front, new research called into question the old faiths on which liberal legislation had been based. In this book, the sixteenth volume in the Brookings series in Social Economics, Henry Aaron describes both the initial consensus and its subsequent decline. He examines the evolution of attitude and pronouncements by scholars and popular writers on the role of the federal government and its capacity to bring about beneficial change in three broad areas: poverty and discrimination, education and training, and unemployment and inflation. He argues that the political eclipse of the Great Society depended more on events external to it—war in Vietnam, dissolution of the civil rights coalition, and, finally, the Watergate scandal and all its repercussions—than on its intrinsic failings. Aaron concludes that both the initial commitment to use national polices to solve social and economic problems and the subsequent disillusionment of scholars and laymen alike rest largely on preconceptions and faiths that have little to do with research themselves.

Der Leviathan in unserer Zeit

Author: Bodo von Greiff,Claus Koch,Helmut König

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783531131481

Category: Leviathan (Düsseldorf, Germany)

Page: 444

View: 357

The Undeserving Poor

America's Enduring Confrontation with Poverty: Fully Updated and Revised

Author: Michael B. Katz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199933952

Category: History

Page: 353

View: 2201

The Undeserving Poor is a history of the ideas that underlie America's enduring confrontation with poverty. The book shows that poverty remains a national disgrace in part because of the way we define and think about it - which, in turn, shapes the energy we put, or don't put, into its eradication.

Poverty Knowledge

Social Science, Social Policy, and the Poor in Twentieth-Century U.S. History

Author: Alice O'Connor

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400824745

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 2475

Progressive-era "poverty warriors" cast poverty in America as a problem of unemployment, low wages, labor exploitation, and political disfranchisement. In the 1990s, policy specialists made "dependency" the issue and crafted incentives to get people off welfare. Poverty Knowledge gives the first comprehensive historical account of the thinking behind these very different views of "the poverty problem," in a century-spanning inquiry into the politics, institutions, ideologies, and social science that shaped poverty research and policy. Alice O'Connor chronicles a transformation in the study of poverty, from a reform-minded inquiry into the political economy of industrial capitalism to a detached, highly technical analysis of the demographic and behavioral characteristics of the poor. Along the way, she uncovers the origins of several controversial concepts, including the "culture of poverty" and the "underclass." She shows how such notions emerged not only from trends within the social sciences, but from the central preoccupations of twentieth-century American liberalism: economic growth, the Cold War against communism, the changing fortunes of the welfare state, and the enduring racial divide. The book details important changes in the politics and organization as well as the substance of poverty knowledge. Tracing the genesis of a still-thriving poverty research industry from its roots in the War on Poverty, it demonstrates how research agendas were subsequently influenced by an emerging obsession with welfare reform. Over the course of the twentieth century, O'Connor shows, the study of poverty became more about altering individual behavior and less about addressing structural inequality. The consequences of this steady narrowing of focus came to the fore in the 1990s, when the nation's leading poverty experts helped to end "welfare as we know it." O'Connor shows just how far they had traveled from their field's original aims.

The Experts' War on Poverty

Social Research and the Welfare Agenda in Postwar America

Author: Romain D. Huret

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501712179

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 1815

In the critically acclaimed La Fin de la Pauverté, Romain D. Huret identifies a network of experts who were dedicated to the post-World War II battle against poverty in the United States. John Angell’s translation of Huret’s work brings to light for an English-speaking audience this critical set of intellectuals working in federal government, academic institutions, and think tanks. Their efforts to create a policy bureaucracy to support federal socio-economic action spanned from the last days of the New Deal to the late 1960s when President Richard M. Nixon implemented the Family Assistance Plan. Often toiling in obscurity, this cadre of experts waged their own war not only on poverty but on the American political establishment. Their policy recommendations, as Huret clearly shows, often militated against the unscientific prejudices and electoral calculations that ruled Washington D.C. politics. The Experts’ War on Poverty highlights the metrics, research, and economic and social facts these social scientists employed in their work, and thereby reveals the unstable institutional foundation of successive executive efforts to grapple with gross social and economic disparities in the United States. Huret argues that this internal war, coming at a time of great disruption due to the Cold War, undermined and fractured the institutional system officially directed at ending poverty. The official War on Poverty, which arguably reached its peak under President Lyndon B. Johnson, was thus fomented and maintained by a group of experts determined to fight poverty in radical ways that outstripped both the operational capacity of the federal government and the political will of a succession of presidents.

Social Science and Policy-Making

A Search for Relevance in the Twentieth Century

Author: David Lee Featherman,Maris Arvids Vinovskis

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472023318

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 3668

This collection of essays examines how the social sciences in America were developed as a means of social reform and later, especially after World War II, as a tool in federal policymaking and policy analysis. It also uses arenas of policymaking, such as early childhood education and welfare and its reform, as case studies in which social research was used, in policy decisions or in setting and evaluating policy goals. The book is written to aid students of public policy to appreciate the complex relationship of information--principally, of social science research--to policymaking at the federal level. David L. Featherman is Professor of Sociology and Psychology, Director and Senior Research Scientist, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. Maris A. Vinovskis is Bentley Professor of History, Senior Research Scientist, Institute for Social Research, Faculty member, School of Public Policy, University of Michigan.

Urban Poverty, Political Participation, and the State

Lima, 1970–1990

Author: Henry Dietz

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 9780822971931

Category: Political Science

Page: 396

View: 4076

Urban Poverty, Political Participation, and the State offers an unparalleled longitudinal view of how the urban poor saw themselves and their neighborhoods and how they behaved and organized to provide their neighborhoods with basic goods and services. Grounding research on theoretical notions from Albert Hirschman and an analytical framework from Verba and Nie, Dietz produces findings that hold great interest for comparativists and students of political behavior in general.

The Economics of Poverty

History, Measurement, and Policy

Author: Martin Ravallion

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190212772

Category:

Page: 720

View: 1972

While there is no denying that the world has made huge progress against absolute poverty over the last 200 years, until recent times the bulk of that progress had been made in wealthy countries only. The good news is that we have seen greater progress against poverty in the developing world in recent times-indeed, a faster pace of progress against extreme poverty than the rich world saw over a period of 100 years or more of economic development. However, continuing progress is far from assured. High and rising inequality has stalled progress against poverty in many countries. We are seeing generally rising relative poverty in the rich world as a whole over recent decades. And even in the developing world, there has been less progress in reaching the poorest, who risk being left behind, and a great many people in the emerging middle class remain highly vulnerable to falling back into poverty. The Economics of Poverty strives to support well-informed efforts to put in place effective policies to assure continuing success in reducing poverty in all its dimensions. The book reviews critically the past and present debates on the central policy issues of economic development everywhere. How much poverty is there? Why does poverty exist? What can be done to eliminate poverty? Martin Ravallion provides an accessible new synthesis of current knowledge on these issues. It does not assume that readers know economics already. Those new to economics get a lot of help along the way in understanding its concepts and methods. Economics lives though its relevance to real world problems, and here the problem of global poverty is both the central focus and a vehicle for learning.

The Handbook of Social Policy

Author: James Midgley,Martin Tracy,Martin B. Tracy,Michelle Livermore

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761915614

Category: Social Science

Page: 550

View: 825

The Handbook of Social Policy is a comprehensive examination of the development, implementation and impact of social policy. The international team of contributors documents the substantial body of knowledge about government social policies and the forces which drive it. The book defines social policy, examines the history of social policy, discusses social services, explores the political economy of social policy, views American social policy in an international context, and speculates on the future of social policy.

Five million children

a statistical profile of our poorest young citizens

Author: Columbia University. National Center for Children in Poverty

Publisher: Natl Center for Children

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 96

View: 6754

This document presents, for the first time in one volume, a comprehensive view of the five million children under six who live in poverty in the United States. It reports on who these children are - nearly one out of four of all U. S. children under six - & where they live; their ethnic & racial diversity; the structure of their families; their parents' education & employment status; & their sources of financial support. The report replaces a 'monolithic' view of poverty with a multifaceted portrait of children living in many diverse situations. Conclusions for policy & program implementation appear in Chapter Four. Information for the 96-page text, which includes 31 figures & tables, was derived from U. S. Census Bureau surveys & other sources. Cost: $9.95 plus $3 postage-handling. Checks for $12.95 should be mailed to the publisher. (Notice to bookstores & book distributors: This is a nonprofit press; all orders must be paid in full. No returns).

Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights

Author: Diana Tietjens Meyers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199396906

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 9701

Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights collects thirteen new essays that analyze how human agency relates to poverty and human rights respectively as well as how agency mediates issues concerning poverty and social and economic human rights. No other collection of philosophical papers focuses on the diverse ways poverty impacts the agency of the poor, the reasons why poverty alleviation schemes should also promote the agency of beneficiaries, and the fitness of the human rights regime to secure both economic development and free agency. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1 considers the diverse meanings of poverty both from the standpoint of the poor and from that of the relatively well-off. Part 2 examines morally appropriate responses to poverty on the part of persons who are better-off and powerful institutions. Part 3 identifies economic development strategies that secure the agency of the beneficiaries. Part 4 addresses the constraints poverty imposes on agency in the context of biomedical research, migration for work, and trafficking in persons.

Reality and Research

Social Science and U.S. Urban Policy Since 1960

Author: George C. Galster

Publisher: The Urban Insitute

ISBN: 9780877666394

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 2897

This book evaluates the role of policy analysis over the past three decades in a wide range of urban policy arenas, including community development, education, family support and social welfare, intergovernmental financial relations, drugs, and racial discrimination. The authors take a chronological approach, tracing how key urban problems and their policymaking and research components have evolved since the early 1960s, when confidence in the power of government to develop wise policies based on research findings was at a high point. Within this historical structure, each author traces the links among the analysts' conception of a problem, research related to it, and the ultimate policy responses. The lessons drawn will help analysts, practitioners, and citizens improve the decisionmaking process that leads to effective government.

Child Poverty and Inequality

Securing a Better Future for America's Children

Author: Duncan Lindsey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199719372

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 3746

One of the United States great promises is that all children will be given the opportunity to work to achieve a comfortable standard of living. That promise has faded profoundly for children who grow up in poverty, particularly black and Hispanic children, and many of the deepening fault lines in the social order are traceable to this disparity. In recent years the promise has also begun to fade for children of the middle class. Education and hard work, once steady paths to economic success, no longer lead as far as they once did. But that doesn't have to be the case, as Duncan Lindsey shows in this articulate, impassioned volume. We can provide true opportunity to all children, insuring them against a lifetime of inequality, and when we do, the walls dividing the country by race, ethnicity, and wealth will begin to crumble. Long a voice for combating child poverty, Lindsey takes a balanced approach that begins with a history of economic and family policy from the Great Depression and the development of Social Security and moves onward. He details the shocking extent of economic inequality in the U.S., pointing out that this wealthiest of countries also has the largest proportion of children living in poverty. Calling for reform, Lindsey proposes several viable universal income security policies for vulnerable children and families, strategies that have worked in other advanced democracies and also respect the importance of the market economy. They aim not just to reduce child poverty, but also to give all children meaningful economic opportunity. Just as Social Security alleviates the sting of poverty in old age, asset-building policies can insulate children from the cumulative effects of disadvantage and provide them with a strong foundation from which to soar. Politicians, pundits, and parents always say that children are the future, but as long as so many grow up poor or without opportunity, that slogan will sound hollow. Duncan Lindseys book should be read by anyone who wants to know how we can take real action to brighten the future for children and for society as a whole.

American Children in Chronic Poverty

Complex Risks, Benefit-cost Analyses, and Untangling the Knot

Author: Cynthia Esposito Lamy

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0739176692

Category: Education

Page: 197

View: 3396

A growing body of research informs us that an effective, efficient fight against chronic American poverty, producing benefits far exceeding costs, is possible. It begins by protecting children from developmental risks. This book describes those risks, along with the programs and policies we know protect children and families. A policy framework for the pursuit of an intrepid new goal – the purposeful protection of America's most vulnerable children on a large scale – would end chronic poverty as we know it.

Fighting Poverty, Inequality and Injustice

A Manifesto Inspired by Peter Townsend

Author: Walker, Alan,Sinfield, Adrian,Carol Walker

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847427146

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 2165

This important book brings together many of the leading contributors in the field and provides a compelling manifesto for change in social justice.

Methodology and Epistemology for Social Sciences

Selected Papers

Author: Donald T. Campbell

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226092485

Category: Social Science

Page: 609

View: 8753

Since the 1950s, Donald T. Campbell has been one of the most influential contributors to the methodology of the social sciences. A distinguished psychologist, he has published scores of widely cited journal articles, and two awards, in social psychology and in public policy, have been named in his honor. This book is the first to collect his most significant papers, and it demonstrates the breadth and originality of his work.