Poverty Reduction that Works

Experience of Scaling Up Development Success

Author: Paul Steele,Neil Fernando,Maneka Weddikkara

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136559388

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 9028

This book provides an excellent framework to analyse the experience of a wide variety of successful initiatives across the world and draws attention to critical issues that practitioners need to think about when designing poverty reduction interventions and scaling up. Bill Tod, Regional MDG Adviser, SNV Asia With its wide regional coverage, and frank discussions of issues and problems encountered in designing projects that directly tackle poverty, this will be a very useful reference book for NGOs, INGOs, and also for multilateral institutions. Johanna Boestel, Country Economist, Asian Development Bank, Sri Lanka Resident Mission We are now at the midpoint for achieving the Millennium Development Goals and the objective of halving poverty by 2015. Despite commendable efforts and much progress, up to 750 million people are still living in absolute poverty. To lift these people out of poverty, macro-economic policies must be complemented by targeted and local level poverty reduction. This book looks at twenty of the most innovative case studies of poverty reduction and Millennium Development Goal localization from fifteen countries - Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Nepal, Paraguay, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam - covering diverse issues ranging from housing and tourism to socio-economic empowerment of women, health insurance and markets for livestock produce. Many of the cases started as small scale interventions by NGOs, donors or government pilots but now they are being scaled up to form part of national policy or replicated across their respective countries. Yet why do some work while others do not? What are the stumbling blocks and how can they be overcome? And what lessons and principles are there for replicating and scaling up poverty reduction initiatives worldwide? This book tackles these questions and more, and presents a wealth of knowledge, evidence and ideas for all practitioners and researchers working to reduce poverty at the local level while aiming to achieve a global impact. Published with UNDP

Ending Poverty in South Asia

Ideas that Work

Author: Deepa Narayan-Parker,Elena E. Glinskaya

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082136877X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 5051

Ending Poverty in South Asia: Ideas that Work is one of the few books on empowerment that combines a conceptual framework with a practical framework and distills the key lessons without suggesting magic bullets. Written by program champions themselves the

Small Works

Poverty and Economic Development in Southwestern China

Author: John A. Donaldson

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801462789

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5083

How can policymakers effectively reduce poverty? Most mainstream economists advocate promoting economic growth, on the grounds that it generally reduces poverty while bringing other economic benefits. However, this dominant hypothesis offers few alternatives for economies that are unable to grow, or in places where economic growth fails to reduce or actually exacerbates poverty. In Small Works, John A. Donaldson draws on his extensive fieldwork in two Chinese provinces-Yunnan and Guizhou-that are exceptions to the purported relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction. In Yunnan, an outward-oriented developmental state, one that focuses on large-scale, urban development, has largely failed to reduce poverty, even though it succeeded in stimulating economic growth. Provincial policy shaped roads, tourism, and mining in ways that often precluded participation by poor people. By contrast, Guizhou is a micro-oriented state, one that promotes small-scale, low-skill economic opportunities-and so reduces poverty despite slow economic growth. It is no coincidence that this Guizhou approach parallels the ideas encapsulated in the "scientific development view" of China's current president Hu Jintao. After all, Hu, when Guizhou's leader, helped establish the micro-oriented state in the province. Donaldson's conclusions have implications for our understanding of development and poverty reduction, economic change in China, and the thinking behind China's policy decisions.

Growth and Poverty Reduction

Case Studies from West Africa

Author: Quentin Wodon

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821366300

Category: Political Science

Page: 135

View: 9890

This volume provides a set of six case studies from West Africa. These assess the benefits of growth (or the costs of a lack of growth) in terms of poverty reduction in those countries. The first part of this book describes the experience of two countries (Ghana and Senegal) that achieved high levels of growth in the 1990s, and that also experienced important reductions in poverty, even though growth was not strictly pro-poor. The second part describes the experience of two other countries (Burkina Faso and Cape Verde) that also achieved high levels of growth in the 1990s, but where there was an initial perception that growth did not lead to much poverty reduction. The more detailed analysis of poverty presented here suggests however that these two countries did witness a sharp reduction in their population share in poverty, as would have been expected given their growth record. Finally, in the third part, the authors argue that a lack of growth in the 1990s in Guinea-Bissau and Nigeria has been a key reason for their persistently high levels of poverty. Overall, the case studies in this Working Paper make a strong case for the positive impact of growth on poverty reduction in West Africa. However, they also point to the need to pay close attention to changes in inequality, because such changes have limited the gains from growth for the poor in several of the countries considered here.

The Role of Social Work in Poverty Reduction and Realization of MDGs in Kenya

Author: Wairire, Gidraph G.,Zani, Agnes P.

Publisher: University of Nairobi Press

ISBN: 996679252X

Category: Social Science

Page: 156

View: 9437

This publication addresses the extent to which social work curricula in Kenya prepares graduates to handle issues of poverty and social development, the specific knowledge and skills that they are equipped with an existing gaps therein. In addition, the challenges that confront the training and practice of social workers and what needs to be done to ensure that there is an enabling environment for social work education and practice in the country have also been addressed. The publication, which is the outcome of a study on the promotion of professional social work towards social development and poverty reduction in East Africa, analyses the role that professional social work plays in the efforts to reduce poverty, enhance social development and realise the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Kenya. Consequently, emphasis has been laid on the status of professional social work education and practice in preparing social workers to address issues of poverty and MDGs in the country. Cross cutting gender issues that impact on social work education and practice which in turn affect the efforts to address poverty in Kenya have also been analysed. Given that the time span for MDGs was to end in 2015, the authors envisage that the lessons learnt through this study, and the gains made with regard to MDGs should not end in the set time span but rather, that social work educators and practitioners, together with other stakeholders in policy formulation and implementation, still have more to of in making sure that these gains are consolidated into social work training and practice, with additional efforts being made towards sustainable poverty reduction efforts in Kenya.

Evaluation and Poverty Reduction

Proceedings from a World Bank Conference

Author: Osvaldo Néstor Feinstein,Robert Picciotto

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821346846

Category: Social Science

Page: 382

View: 991

Many different organizations and institutions around the world came together for a conference to discuss the meaning of evaluation in poverty reduction. Their goals during the two day conference were: first, to identify lessons from past efforts to evaluate poverty reduction programs; second, to search for the new evaluation frontier in methodology for future poverty reduction programs; and third, to discuss how partnerships in evaluation can be promoted and how to use evaluation results more effectively. This volume contains the proceedings of that conference.

What Works for the Poorest?

Poverty Reduction Programmes for the World's Extreme Poor

Author: David Lawson

Publisher: Practical Action Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 5152

This book is the first attempt to examine 'what works for the poorest' and analyses innovative ultra-poor programmes from around the world and explores the lessons that emerge from this important body of knowledge. It should be read by staff of donor agencies and NGOs, students of development studies who are concerned about chronic poverty.

Work-related Migration and Poverty Reduction in Nepal

Author: Michael Lokshin,Mikhail Bontch-Osmolovski,Elena E. Glinskaya

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Emigrant remittances

Page: 59

View: 2123

Using two rounds of nationally representative household survey data in this study, the authors measure the impact on poverty in Nepal of local and international migration for work. They apply an instrumental variable approach to deal with nonrandom selection of migrants and simulate various scenarios for the different levels of work-related migration, comparing observed and counterfactual household expenditure distribution. The results indicate that one-fifth of the poverty reduction in Nepal occurring between 1995 and 2004 can be attributed to increased levels of work-related migration and remittances sent home. The authors also show that while the increase in work migration abroad was the leading cause of this poverty reduction, internal migration also played an important role. The findings show that strategies for economic growth and poverty reduction in Nepal should consider aspects of the dynamics of domestic and international migration.

Valuing Freedoms

Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Author: Sabina Alkire

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199283316

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 340

View: 7687

Friendship, knowledge of foreign groups, the ability to purchase milk and shoes, the scent of summer roses: of what interest is this type of information to economists? Sabina Alkire shows how Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen's capability approach can be coherently---and practically---put to work in poverty reduction activities. Sen argues that economic development should expand 'valuable' freedoms. Alkire probes how we identify what is valuable.Foundational issues are addressed critically---dimensions of development, practical reason, culture, basic needs---drawing on Thomist authors who give central place to authentic participation. A participatory procedure for identifying capability change is then developed. Case studies of three Oxfamactivities in Pakistan---goat-rearing, female literacy, and rose cultivation---illustrate this novel approach. Valuing Freedoms will be of considerable interest to economists, philosophers, development practitioners, and theologians, as well as to followers of Sen's work.

International Social Work

Issues, Strategies, and Programs

Author: David Cox,Manohar S. Pawar

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412914086

Category: Social Science

Page: 415

View: 2505

International Social Work: Issues, Strategies, and Programs draws together the practice wisdom emerging within the broad scope of international social work practice. Using an integrated perspectives approach, which incorporates global, human rights, ecological, and social development perspectives, authors David Cox and Manohar Pawar prepare readers to actively respond to modern global challenges that are critical to the well-being of people, communities, nations, and ultimately to all of us.

Reducing Urban Poverty in the Global South

Author: David Satterthwaite,Diana Mitlin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136249303

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 8038

Urban areas in the Global South now house most of the world’s urban population and are projected to house almost all its increase between now and 2030. There is a growing recognition that the scale of urban poverty has been overlooked – and that it is increasing both in numbers and in the proportion of the world’s poor population that live and work in urban areas. This is the first book to review the effectiveness of different approaches to reducing urban poverty in the Global South. It describes and discusses the different ways in which national and local governments, international agencies and civil society organizations are seeking to reduce urban poverty. Different approaches are explored, for instance; market approaches, welfare, rights-based approaches and technical/professional support. The book also considers the roles of clientelism and of social movements. Case studies illustrate different approaches and explore their effectiveness. Reducing Urban Poverty in the Global South also analyses the poverty reduction strategies developed by organized low-income groups especially those living in informal settlements. It explains how they and the federations or networks they have formed have demonstrated new approaches that have challenged adverse political relations and negotiated more effective support. Local and national governments and international agencies can become far more effective at addressing urban poverty at scale by, as is proposed in this book, working with and supporting the urban poor and their organizations. This book will be an invaluable resource for researchers and postgraduate students in urban development, poverty reduction, urban geography, and for practitioners and organisations working in urban development programmes in the Global South.

Making Work Pay in Bangladesh

Employment, Growth, and Poverty Reduction

Author: Pierella Paci,Marcin Jan Sasin

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821375334

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 72

View: 6598

Poor people derive most of their income from work; however, there is insufficient understanding of the role of employment and earnings as a linkage between growth and poverty reduction, especially in low income countries. To provide inputs into the policy discussion on how to enhance poverty reduction through increased employment and earnings for given growth levels, this study explores this linkage in the case of Bangladesh. The study provides a background discussion of poverty, reform, and growth in Bangladesh, followed by an overview of the labor market: demographies, the institutional stru.

Humanitarian Work Psychology

Author: S. C Carr,M. MacLachlan,A. Furnham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137015225

Category: Psychology

Page: 359

View: 6887

Contextualizing Humanitarian work in history, justice, methods and professional ethics, this book articulates process skills for transformational partnerships between diverse organizations, motivating education, organisational learning and selecting the disaster workforce.

Employment for Poverty Reduction and Food Security

Author: Joachim Von Braun

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 9780896293328

Category: Political Science

Page: 321

View: 3315

Employment for poverty reduction and food security: concept, research issues, and overview. Challenges and scope for an employment-intensive growth strategy. Bangladesh's food-work program and alternatives to improve food security. "Yigong-Daizhen" in China: a new experience with labor-intensive public works in poor areas. India's (Maharashtra) employment guarantee scheme: lessons from long experience. Labor-intensive public works: the experience of Botswana and Tanzania. Employment programs for food security in rural and urban Africa: experiences in Niger and Zimbabwe. Food cash for work in Ethiopia: experiences during famine and macroeconomic reform. Social investment funds and programs in Latin America: their effects on employment and income. Future directions for development and relief with food aid. Implementation of employment programs: key issues and options. Employment for food security: synthesis and policy conclusions.

Theology of Work and Poverty Alleviation in Mozambique

Author: Xavier Massingue

Publisher: Langham Monographs

ISBN: 1907713654

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 8635

This publication seeks to determine the need, possibilities, and strategies, necessary to alleviate urban poverty in Mozambique through the tool of transformational business, understood out of a Contextual Theology of Work (CTOW). Focusing on the Maputo metropolitan area, but also wider contexts, the author examines the dynamic relationship of urban poverty, unemployment and work.

Empowerment and Poverty Reduction

A Sourcebook

Author: Deepa Narayan-Parker

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821351666

Category: Political Science

Page: 371

View: 8119

This publication offers a framework for the empowerment of people living in poverty throughout the world that concentrates on increasing people's freedom of choice and action to shape their own lives. Based on analysis of practical experiences, the book identifies four key elements to support empowerment: information, inclusion and participation, improved accountability and local organisational capacity. This framework is then applied to five areas of action to improve development effectiveness: provision of basic services, improved local governance, improved national governance, pro-poor market development, and access to justice and legal aid. It also offers twenty 'tools and practices' which concentrate on a wide-range of topics to support the empowerment of the poor.

Making Work Pay in Madagascar

Employment, Growth, and Poverty Reduction

Author: Margo Hoftijzer,Pierella Paci

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821375318

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 139

View: 884

Poor people derive most of their income from work; however, there is insufficient understanding of the role of employment and earnings as a linkage between growth and poverty reduction, especially in low income countries. With the objective of providing inputs into the policy discussion on how to enhance poverty reduction through increased employment and earnings for given growth levels, this study explores this linkage in the case of Madagascar using data from the national accounts and household surveys from the years 1999, 2001, and 2005, a period characterized among others by a short but se.

Pakistan

Joint Staff Assessment of Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Author: N.A

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: N.A

Category: Pakistan

Page: 5

View: 2484

Translating Growth into Poverty Reduction

Beyond the Numbers

Author: Flora Lucas Kessy,Oswald Mashindano,Andrew Shepard

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 9987082262

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 254

View: 3720

Tanzania is a politically stable, much aided country that has consistently grown economically during the first decade of the millennium, while also improving its human development indicators. However, poverty has remained persistent, particularly within rural areas. This collaborative work delves into the reasons why this is so and what can be done to improve the record. The book is the product of both Tanzanian and international poverty experts, based on largely qualitative research undertaken within Tanzania by the Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC). The authors highlight and discuss the importance of macro- and micro-level causes of the persistence of poverty. The latter, on which the book is focused, centre around a negative dynamic affecting a large number of poor households in which widespread failure to provide household food security undermines gender relationships and reduces the possibility of saving and asset accumulation which is necessary for escaping poverty. This results in very low upward mobility. Vulnerability is widespread and resilience against shocks minimal, even for those who are not absolutely poor. Through an in-depth and broad analysis of poverty in Tanzania, the book provides alternative conclusions to those often repeated in the poverty discourse in international and local arenas. The conclusions were reached with the specific aim of informing political and policy debates within Tanzania.