Principles of Tidal Sedimentology

Author: Richard A. Davis Jr.,Robert W. Dalrymple

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400701233

Category: Science

Page: 621

View: 1190

This book presents a comprehensive, contemporary review of tidal environments and deposits. Individual chapters, each written by world-class experts, cover the full spectrum of coastal, shallow-marine and even deep-marine settings where tidal action influences or controls sediment movement and deposition. Both siliciclastic and carbonate deposits are covered. Various chapters examine the dynamics of sediment transport by tides, and the morphodynamics of tidal systems. Several chapters explore the occurrence of tidal deposits in the stratigraphic context of entire sedimentary basins. This book is essential reading for both coastal geologists and managers, and geologists interested in extracting hydrocarbons from complex tidal successions.

Fluvial-Tidal Sedimentology

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444635394

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 5097

Fluvial-Tidal Sedimentology provides information on the ‘Tidal-Fluvial Transition', the transition zone between river and tidal environments, and includes contributions that address some of the most fundamental research questions, including how the morphology of the tidal-fluvial transition zone evolves over short (days) and long (decadal) time periods and for different tidal and fluvial regimes, the structure of the river flow as it varies in its magnitude over tidal currents and how this changes at the mixing interface between fresh and saline water and at the turbidity maximum, the role of suspended sediment in controlling bathymetric change and bar growth and the role of fine-grained sediment (muds and flocs), whether it is possible to differentiate between ‘fluvial’ and ‘tidally’ influenced bedforms as preserved in bars and within the adjacent floodplain and what are the diagnostic sedimentary facies of tidal-fluvial deposits and how are these different from ‘pure’ fluvial and tidal deposits, amongst other topics. The book presents the latest research on the processes and deposits of the tidal-fluvial transition, documenting recent major field programs that have quantified the flow, sediment transport, and bed morphology in tidal-fluvial zones. It uses description of contemporary environments and ancient outcrop analogues to characterize the facies change through the tidal-fluvial transition. Presents the latest outcomes from recent, large, integrated field programs in estuaries around the world Gives detailed field descriptions (outcrop, borehole, core, contemporary sediments) of tidal-fluvial deposits Accesses new models and validation datasets for estuarine processes and deposits Presents descriptions of contemporary environments and ancient outcrop analogues to characterize the facies change through the tidal-fluvial transition

Contributions to Modern and Ancient Tidal Sedimentology

Proceedings of the Tidalites 2012 Conference

Author: Bernadette Tessier,Jean-Yves Reynaud

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119218365

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 7137

Tidal deposits have been a specific research topic for about 40 years, and whilst this has resulted in a proliferation of papers in scientific journals, there have only been a few book-length syntheses. Over the years, tidal sedimentology has been reinforced by fluid mechanics and numerical modelling but has remained rooted in facies and stratigraphic studies. Recent developments in tidal sedimentology lean toward a more quantitative assessment of the imprint of tides in the facies record of intertidal and shallow subtidal areas. They highlight the increasing relevance of tidal deposits studies, from high resolution subsurface reservoir geology to climate change and sea-level rise. This volume gathers 17 contributions to the Tidalites 2012 congress held in Caen, France. It reflects current advances in the sedimentology and stratigraphy of tidal deposits, in both ancient and modern environments. It shows the current diversity of this field of research, through a wide spectrum of methods including remote sensing, in-situ hydrodynamical measurements, and ichnology, in addition to classic field studies and petrography.

Sedimentology of Paralic Reservoirs

Recent Advances

Author: G.J. Hampson,A.D. Reynolds,B. Kostic,M.R. Wells

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 1786202743

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 5296

Paralic reservoirs reflect a range of depositional environments including deltas, shoreline–shelf systems and estuaries. They provide the backbone of production in many mature basins, and contribute significantly to global conventional hydrocarbon production. However, the range of environments, together with relative sea-level and sediment supply changes, result in significant variability in their stratigraphic architecture and sedimentological heterogeneity, which translates into complex patterns of reservoir distribution and production that are challenging to predict, optimize and manage. This volume presents new research and developments in established approaches to the exploration and production of paralic reservoirs. The 13 papers in the volume are grouped into three thematic sections, which address: the sedimentological characterization of paralic reservoirs using subsurface data; lithological heterogeneity in paralic depositional systems arising from the influence of tidal currents; and paralic reservoir analogue studies of modern sediments and ancient outcrops. The volume demonstrates that heterogeneity in paralic reservoirs is increasingly well understood at all scales, but highlights gaps in our knowledge and areas of current research.

The Tide-Dominated Han River Delta, Korea

Geomorphology, Sedimentology, and Stratigraphic Architecture

Author: Don Cummings,Robert Dalrymple,Kyungsik Choi,Jaehwa Jin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128010819

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 5834

The Tide-Dominated Han River Delta provides a thorough analysis of a river delta in which tidal currents have reworked the river-borne sediment, generating characteristic geomorphological and sedimentological signatures in the process. Such "tide-dominated" deltas are common in the modern ocean, forming the substrate upon which entire populations are built. Furthermore, ancient examples contain enormous volumes of hydrocarbon. Despite this, tide-dominated deltas remain less well understood than their wave- and river-dominated counterparts, largely because processes within them are inherently more complex and fewer modern examples have been investigated in detail. This multi-year study by a team of experts in coastal geoscience represents the most complete documentation of a tide-dominated delta to date. Results help advance, and are applicable to, a broad range of fields within sedimentary geology, including clastic sedimentology, seismic and sequence stratigraphy, and coastal geomorphology, in addition to petroleum geology and reservoir engineering. Offers new access to results of a multi-year hydrocarbon-reservoir analogue study not available elsewhere Features 75 full-color figures and illustrations to emphasize critical aspects of the delta’s sedimentology, geomorphology, and stratigraphy Provides basic data that better define what tide-dominated deltas are, how these complex systems behave over time, and why this is so Aids petroleum geologists and reservoir engineers in predicting the distribution of baffles and barriers in tide-dominated sediment bodies, helping in the successful development of reservoirs

From Depositional Systems to Sedimentary Successions on the Norwegian Continental Margin

Author: Allard W. Martinius,R. Ravnås,J. A. Howell,R. J. Steel,J. P. Wonham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118920457

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 4653

The Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS), focus of this special publication, is a prolific hydrocarbon region and both exploration and production activity remains high to this day with a positive production outlook. A key element today and in the future is to couple technological developments to improving our understanding of specific geological situations. The theme of the publication reflects the immense efforts made by all industry operators and their academic partners on the NCS to understand in detail the structural setting, sedimentology and stratigraphy of the hydrocarbon bearing units and their source and seal. The papers cover a wide spectrum of depositional environments ranging from alluvial fans to deepwater fans, in almost every climate type from arid through humid to glacial, and in a variety of tectonic settings. Special attention is given to the integration of both analogue studies and process-based models with the insights gained from extensive subsurface datasets.

Principles of Sedimentology

Author: Gerald M. Friedman,John Essington Sanders

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Roches sédimentaires

Page: 792

View: 8438

Handbook of Sea-Level Research

Author: Ian Shennan,Antony J. Long,Benjamin P. Horton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118452577

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 9781

Measuring sea-level change – be that rise or fall – isone of the most pressing scientific goals of our time and requiresrobust scientific approaches and techniques. This Handbookaims to provide a practical guide to readers interested in thischallenge, from the initial design of research approaches throughto the practical issues of data collection and interpretation froma diverse range of coastal environments. Building on thirtyyears of international research, the Handbook comprises 38 chaptersthat are authored by leading experts from around the world. The Handbook will be an important resource to scientists interestedand involved in understanding sea-level changes across a broadrange of disciplines, policy makers wanting to appreciate ourcurrent state of knowledge of sea-level change over differenttimescales, and many teachers at the university level, as well asadvanced-level undergraduates and postgraduate research students,wanting to learn more about sea-level change. Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref=""\go\shennan\sealevel/a

Principles of Sedimentology and Stratigraphy

Author: Sam Boggs

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Science

Page: 662

View: 1029

A concise treatment of the fundamental principles of sedimentology and stratigraphy, featuring the important physical, chemical, biological and stratigraphic characteristics of sedimentary rocks. Emphasized are the ways in which the study of sedimentary rocks is used to interpret depositional environments, changes in ancient sea level, and other intriguing aspects of Earth history. Topics include the origin and transport of sedimentary materials; physical properties of sedimentary rocks; composition, classification and diagenesis of sedimentary rocks and principles of stratigraphy and basin analysis. For individuals interested in one text providing comprehensive coverage of both sedimentology and stratigraphy.

Clastic Tidal Sedimentology

Author: D. G. Smith

Publisher: Canadian Society of Petroleum


Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 2628

Carbonate Sedimentology and Sequence Stratigraphy

Author: Wolfgang Schlager

Publisher: SEPM Soc for Sed Geology

ISBN: 1565761324

Category: Carbonate minerals

Page: 200

View: 328

This book, dedicated to carbonate rocks, approaches sequence stratigraphy from its sedimentologic background. It attempts to communicate by combining different specialities and different lines of reasoning, and by searching for principles underlying the bewildering diversity of carbonate rocks. It provides enough general background, in introductory chapters and appendices, to be easily digestible for sedimentologists and stratigraphers as well as earth scientists at large.

Principles of Physical Sedimentology

Author: John Allen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940109683X

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 1805

apparatus is generally not required for the making of My aim in this book is simple. It is to set out in a logical useful sedimentological experiments. Most of the equip way what I believe is the minimum that the senior ment needed for those I describe can be found in the kit undergraduate and beginning postgraduate student in the Earth sciences should nowadays know of general chen, bathroom or general laboratory , and the materials most often required - sand, clay and flow-marking physics, in order to be able to understand (rather than substances - are cheaply and widely available. As form merely a descriptive knowledge of) the smaller described, the experiments are for the most part purely scale mechanically formed features of detrital sedi ments. In a sense, this new book is a second edition of qualitative, but many can with only little modification my earlier Physical processes oj sedimentation (1970), be made the subject of a rewarding quantitative exer which continues to attract readers and purchasers, inas cise. The reader is urged to tryout these experiments much as time has not caused me to change significantly and to think up additional ones. Experimentation the essence of my philosophy about the subject. Time should be as natural an activity and mode of enquiry for has, however, brought many welcome new practitioners a physical sedimentologist as the wielding of spade and to the discipline of sedimentology, thrown up a hammer.

Principles of Sedimentary Deposits

Stratigraphy and Sedimentology

Author: Gerald M. Friedman,John Essington Sanders,David C. Kopaska-Merkel

Publisher: Macmillan College


Category: Geology, Stratigraphic.

Page: 717

View: 1605

Sedimentology of Shale

Study Guide and Reference Source

Author: Paul E. Potter,J. Barry Maynard,Wayne A. Pryor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461299810

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 4967

We wrote Sedimentology of Shale primarily because we lacked a handy, reasonably comprehensive source of information and ideas about shales for students in our sedimentology program. It was also our feeling that the time for shales to receive more study had finally arrived. Sedimentology of Shale also seems very timely because today more sedimentologists are interested in shales. Certainly in the last five years the pace of shale research has no ticeably quickened because the role of shales as important sources of oil, gas, heavy metals and as a long understudied part of the earth's geologic his tory has been recognized. Noteworthy developments include the elucida tion of the importance of trace fossils in shales, the discovery of thick sequences of overpressured shales in regions such as the Gulf Coast (which have important implications for hydrocarbon migration and faulting), the ex tension of the principles of metamorphic facies to the realm of low tempera ture diagenesis by study of the organic matter in shales, and shales as ul timate sources for mineral deposits. Accordingly, we decided it was timely to write a book on shales. In one respect, however, ours is an unusual book. Most books in geology are produced after one or two decades of progress have been made in a field and attempt to summarize and evaluate that progress.

Biogeochemistry of Intertidal Sediments

Author: T. D. Jickells,J. E. Rae

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521017428

Category: Science

Page: 193

View: 9899

First published in 1997, this is an important book for environmental scientists studying the ecologically important saltmarshes and intertidal muds.

Atlantic Geology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Marine sediments

Page: N.A

View: 4573

Crustal Evolution of Southern Africa

3.8 Billion Years of Earth History

Author: A. J. Tankard,Martin Martin,K. A. Eriksson,D. K. Hobday,D. R. Hunter,W. E. L. Minter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461381479

Category: Science

Page: 523

View: 6563

Syntheses of the geology of major areas of the Earth's crust are increasingly needed in order that the features of, and the problems associated with, the secular evolution of the continents can be understood by a wide audience. Southern Africa is fortunate in having a remarkable variety of geological environments developed without many breaks over 3. 8 Ga, and many of the rock groups are household names throughout the geological world. In one respect the geology of Southern Africa is particularly important: cratonization clearly began as early as 3. 0 Ga ago, in contrast to about 2. 5 Ga in most other continental areas such as North America. This book documents very well the remarkable change in tectonic conditions that took place between the Early and Mid-Precambrian; we have here evidence of the very earliest development of rigid lithospheric plates. This book is a tribute to the multitudes of scientists who have worked out the geology of Southern Africa over many years and decades. Whatever their discipline, each provided a step in the construction of this fascinating story of 3. 8 Ga of crustal development. In the book the reader will find a detailed review of the factual data, together with a balanced account of interpretative models without the indulgence of undue speculation. One of its attractions is its multidisciplinary approach which provides a stimulating challenge to the reader.

Basics of Physical Stratigraphy and Sedimentology

Author: William J. Fritz,Johnnie N. Moore

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated


Category: Science

Page: 371

View: 8142

This concise volume offers one of the few modern treatments of stratigraphy and sedimentology, featuring the use of the stratigraphic code and an analysis of the history of geology in the development of stratigraphic principles. Covers important processes that form sedimentary rocks, explains the interpretation of rock sequences from outcrop scale to regional stratigraphic packages, and synthesizes rock and sedimentary structure classification schemes. Presents the basic tools for interpreting sedimentary structures using a process-approach to physical sedimentology, and reveals stratigraphic relationships not found in other texts. The text contains many illustrations, which provide compilations of standard classifications, hydrodynamic principles, and processes of sedimentation recast in an easily understandable format.