"The Graphic and Social Realism, 1869-1891 "
Author: Andrea Korda
Printing and Painting the News in Victorian London offers a fresh perspective on Social Realism by contextualizing it within the burgeoning new media environment of Victorian London. Paintings labelled as Social Realist by Luke Fildes, Frank Holl and Hubert Herkomer are frequently considered to typify the sentimental Victorian genre painting that quickly became outdated with the development of modernism. Yet this book argues that the paintings must be considered as the result of the new experiences of modernity-the urban poverty that the paintings represent and, most importantly, the advent of the mass-produced illustrated news. Fildes, Holl and Herkomer worked for The Graphic, a publication launched in 1869 as a rival to the dominant Illustrated London News. The artists? illustrations, which featured the growing problem of urban poverty, became the basis for large-scale paintings that provoked controversy among their contemporaries and later became known as Social Realism. This first in-depth study of The Graphic and Social Realism uses the approach of media archaeology to unearth the modernity of these works, showing that they engaged with the changing notions of objectivity and immediacy that nineteenth-century new media cultivated. In doing so, this book proposes an alternative trajectory for the development of modernism that allows for a richer understanding of nineteenth-century visual culture.
Architecture, Print Culture and Public Debate in the Nineteenth Century
Author: Mari Hvattum,Anne Hultzsch
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The Printed and the Built explores the intricate relationship between architecture and printed media in the fast-changing nineteenth century. Publication history is a rapidly expanding scholarly field which has profoundly influenced architectural history in recent years. Yet, while groundbreaking work has been done on architecture and printing in the Renaissance, the Enlightenment, and the twentieth century, the nineteenth century has received little attention. This is the omission that The Printed and the Built seeks to address, thus filling a significant gap in the understanding of architecture's cultural history. Lavishly illustrated with colourful and eclectic visual material, from panoramas to printed ephemera, adverts, penny magazines, early photography, and even crime reportage, The Printed and the Built consists of five in-depth thematic essays accompanied by 25 short pieces, each examining a particular printed form. Altogether, they illustrate how new genres communicated architecture to a mass audience, setting the stage for the modern architectural era.
Theory, History, and the Politics of Gender
Author: Linda M. Shires
Category: Literary Criticism
This collection of essays, both feminist and historical, analyzes power relations between men and women in the Victorian period. This volume is the first to reshape Victorian studies from the perspective of the postmodern return to history, and is variously influenced by Marxism, sociology, anthropology, and post-structuralist theories of language and subjectivity. It analyzes the struggle for legitimacy and recognition in Victorian institutions and the struggle over meanings in ideological representation of the gendered subject in texts. Contributors cover diverse topics, including Victorian ideologies of motherhood, the male gaze, the cult of the male child genius in narrative painting, the press, and Victorian women and the French Revolution, discussing both well-known and less familiar Victorian texts.
Nineteenth-century Prints After Lawrence Alma-tadema, Jozef Israels and Ary Scheffer
Author: Robert Verhoogt
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
This illuminating study examines the cultural meaning of artistic reproduction in a refreshingly new context through its consideration of how three artists managed the reproduction of their work.
Publisher: Broadview Press
Sexuality, Morality, and Art
Author: Alison Smith
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Controversy surrounding nudity in art is as strong now as it was during the 19th century. Selected Victorian paintings of the nude are still hidden from public view. In this work, the author unravels the background to this situation and reveals the paradox of the nude as an object of public moral outrage. The text reveals how images of the nude were used at all levels of Victorian culture, from high-art paintings to photographs and popular entertainments. It questions whether these were a valid form of representation or, in fact, pornography. The nude was considered to be the most prestigious and pure form of art, whilst at the same time was vilified by the state because of its incitement to unregulated sexual activity. The book includes discussion on the work of Lord Leighton, Burne-Jones, Rosetti, Millais, Watts, Waterhouse, Henrietta Rae and Anna Lea Merritt.
A Collection of Critical Essays
Author: Ira Bruce Nadel
Author: A.N. Wilson
Publisher: Random House
People, not abstract ideas, make history, and nowhere is this more revealed than in A. N. Wilson's superb portrait of the Victorians, in which hundreds of different lives have been pieced together to tell a story - one which is still unfinished in our own day. The 'global village' is a Victorian village and many of the ideas we take for granted, for good or ill, originated with these extraordinary, self-confident people. What really animated their spirit, and how did they remake the world in their view? In an entertaining and often dramatic narrative, A. N. Wilson shows us remarkable people in the very act of creating the Victorian age.
Author: Diana Donald
Publisher: Yale University Press
From fine art paintings by such artists as Stubbs and Landseer to zoological illustrations and popular prints, a vast array of animal images was created in Britain during the century from 1750 to 1850. This highly original book investigates the rich meanings of these visual representations as well as the ways in which animals were actually used and abused. What Diana Donald discovers in this fascinating study is a deep and unresolved ambivalence that lies at the heart of human attitudes toward animals. The author brings to light dichotomies in human thinking about animals throughout this key period: awestruck with the beauty and spirit of wild animals, people nevertheless desired to capture and tame them; the belief that other species are inferior was firmly held, yet at the same time animals in stories and fables were given human attributes; though laws against animal cruelty were introduced, the overworking of horses and the allure of sport hunting persisted. Animals are central in cultural history, Donald concludes, and compelling questions about them - then and now - remain unanswered.
Author: Allan Stuart Jackson
Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press
Category: Performing Arts
This is the first major study of the Douglass family of England and the institution of the National Standard Theatre. It includes an examination of the theatrical aesthetics of the mid-Victorian theatre and the methods used by the Douglasses to achieve their success, as well as biographical material on a number of the actors and actresses and on the Douglass family itself. The National Standard Theatre was located in Shoreditch, in east London, and stood very near to the site of Shakespeare's original Theatre. First built in 1835 and then rebuilt three times, it remained at that location until 1939. Between 1851 and the theatre's end, it was one of the largest theatres in the world, holding more than five thousand patrons. Under the management of the Douglass family from 1848 to 1889, records of several kinds were set, such as attendance and box office success, and achievement in quality and staging was reached. The Douglasses were considered among the top theatre managers of the mid-Victorian period, providing thousands of patrons a week with the best dramas, actors, and productions of the period. Favorites of the East End audiences were James Anderson, Mrs. Robert Honner, Samuel Phelps, and Miss Glyn. Dion Boucicault and Charles and Ellen Kean also appeared, as well as George Washington "Pony" Moore and his Christy Minstrels. Sims Reeves with his operas in English were summer fixtures at the Standard. Christmas pantomimes were critical to the financial health of the Victorian theatres, and the Standard's were usually considered to be magnificent, especially the Douglass pantomimes, which were always rated among the top two or three in the city. Richard Douglass, the family scene designer, was one of the principal scenic artists of England between 1870 and 1910. His studio provided settings for many theatres throughout the country as well as all of the settings required in the family business. The last chapters of this work detail the surprising naturalistic staging techniques that were developed after 1879. These included railway trains on tracks, ocean liners, real water scenes on rivers and ocean shores, fox hunts with a real "trained" fox, hounds and riders on horseback taking the hedges, plus horse races and a multitude of other effects of the type that later became part of the cinema. This book is illustrated with pictures of the people, settings, and architecture associated with the National Standard Theatre. In addition, there are some of the original watercolor scene designs painted by Richard Douglass himself, including a moving panorama showing change of place, weather, and time; two back cloths or act drop designs; and a number of scenic views of the British countryside as designs for dioramas or stage settings.
Author: Victor Shea,William Whitla
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Literary Criticism
Victorian Literature is a comprehensive and fully annotated anthology with a flexible design that allows teachers and students to pursue traditional or innovative lines of inquiry – from the canon to its extensions and its contexts. Represents the period’s major writers of prose, poetry, drama, and more, including Tennyson, Arnold, the Brownings, Carlyle, Ruskin, the Rossettis, Wilde, Eliot, and the Brontës Promotes an ideologically and culturally varied view of Victorian society with the inclusion of women, working-class, colonial, and gay and lesbian writers Incorporates recent scholarship with 5 contextual sections and innovative sub-sections on topics like environmentalism and animal rights; mass literacy and mass media; sex and sexuality; melodrama and comedy; the Irish question; ruling India and the Indian Mutiny and innovations in print culture Emphasizes the interdisciplinary nature of the field with a focus on social, cultural, artistic, and historical factors Includes a fully annotated companion website for teachers and students offering expanded context sections, additional readings from key writers, appendices, and an extensive bibliography
Author: Stephen Wildman,Edward Coley Burne-Jones,John Christian,Alan Crawford,Laurence Des Cars,Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.),Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery,Musée d'Orsay
Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art
This publication is issued in conjunction with the 1998 exhibition of the same name held at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and scheduled for venues in England and France. Burnes-Jones (1833-1898) created a style that had widespread influence on both British and European art--a narrative style derived from medieval legend and fused with the influence of Italian Renaissance masters, a style that ceded popularity to a growing taste for abstraction at the end of the 19th century. Now Burne-Jones's star has risen again, and this catalogue contains full discussion of his life and work and representation of his prodigious output of drawings and paintings. 9.5x12.5"Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
The Inscription of Values in Word and Image
Author: Julia Thomas
Publisher: Ohio University Press
"Pictorial Victorians focuses on two of the most popular mid-nineteenth-century genres - illustration and narrative painting - that blurred the line between the visual and the textual. Illustration negotiated text and image on the printed page, while narrative painting juxtaposed the two media in its formulation of pictorial stories." "Pictorial Victorians surveys a range of material, from representations of the crinoline, to the illustrations that accompanied Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin and Tennyson's poetry, to paintings of adultery. It demonstrates that the space between text and image is one in which values are both constructed and questioned."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
A History of Art in the Service of Social and Political Change
Author: Colin Moore
Publisher: A&C Black
A fascinating exploration of artworks created in order to persuade, control, inspire and change.
People, Streets and Images in Nineteenth-century London
Author: Lynda Nead
Publisher: Yale University Press
Lynda Nead charts the relationship between London's formation into a modern organised city in the 1860s and the emergence of new types of production and consumption of visual culture.
Author: Jeremy Paxman
Publisher: Random House
Jeremy Paxman's unique portrait of the Victorian age takes readers on an exciting journey through the birth of modern Britain. Using the paintings of the era as a starting point, he tells us stories of urban life, family, faith, industry and empire that helped define the Victorian spirit and imagination. To Paxman, these paintings were the television of their day, and his exploration of Victorian art and society shows how these artists were chronicling a world changing before their eyes. This enthralling history is Paxman at his best - opinionated, informed, witty, surprising - and a glorious reminder of how the Victorians made us who we are today.
Author: Rafael Cardoso Denis,Colin Trodd
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Category: Academic art
Academies functioned as the main venues for the promotion, display and teaching of art throughout the 19th century. 20th-century opinion has tended to maintain a consipicuous silence on their account, except for the strategic employment of academicism as a term of abuse. The authors uncover the institutional structures and artistic practices of academies from London and Paris to Dusseldorf and Rio de Janeiro. By situating the efforts of individual artists and academies within the context of a network of global proportions, new insights are gained into the ways in which institutions of art helped shape the 19th century's view of itself as an age of equipoise and civilization amidst the turmoil of rapid social and cultural change.
Author: Lionel Lambourne
Publisher: Phaidon Inc Ltd
This text presents an overview of one of the most fertile and exuberanteriods in the history of art. It embraces not only the UK but also thenglish-speaking countries linked to England by the cultural ties of empirend emigration.;Long out of fashion, Victorian painting is now enjoyed in itswn right. This book is divided by themes into 22 chapters, and featuresnecdotes and colour illustrations from the period. It can also serve as aeference work as it features the work of some lesser-known artists, as wells the famous and well-loved images.
The Gangster in American Culture, 1918-1934
Author: David E. Ruth
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
In this richly detailed account of mass media images, David Ruth looks at Al Capone and other "invented" gangsters of the 1920s and 1930s. The subject of innumerable newspaper and magazine articles, scores of novels, and hundreds of Hollywood movies, the gangster was a compelling figure for Americans preoccupied with crime and the social turmoil it symbolized. Ruth shows that the media gangster was less a reflection of reality than a projection created from Americans' values, concerns, and ideas about what would sell. We see efficient criminal executives demonstrating the multifarious uses of organization; dapper, big-spending gangsters highlighting the promises and perils of the emerging consumer society; and gunmen and molls guiding an uncertain public through the shifting terrain of modern gender roles. In this fascinating study, Ruth reveals how the public enemy provides a far-ranging critique of modern culture.
Author: Janice Carlisle
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
An innovative exploration of Victorian art and politics that examines how paintings and newspaper illustrations visualised franchise reform.