Private Law in the External Relations of the EU

Author: Marise Cremona,Hans-w. Micklitz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198744560

Category: Civil law

Page: 350

View: 4909

Private Law in the External Relations of the EU is an innovative study of the interactions between EU external relations law and private law, two unrelated fields of law, inverted if private law is understood as regulatory private law - the space where regulatory law intersects with private economic activity. Here the link between the Internal Market and the global market - and thereby international law - is much more prominent. In this book, key questions about the relationship between EU external relations law and private law are answered, including: in what ways might European private law act as a tool to achieve EU external policy objectives, particularly in regulatory fields? How might the quickly developing EU external competence over the procedural dimensions of private law, including private international law, impact on substantive law, both externally and internally? And how is the legal position of private parties affected by EU external relations? In asking these questions, this edited collection opens up a field of enquiry into the so far underexplored relationship between these two fields of law. In doing so, it addresses three different aspects of the relationship: (i) the evolution of the EU competence, (ii) the ways in which EU private law extends its reach beyond the boundaries of the internal market, and (iii) the ways in which the EU contributes to the formation of private regulation at the international level.

The EU's Role in Global Governance

The Legal Dimension

Author: Bart Van Vooren,Steven Blockmans,Jan Wouters

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191634735

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 5985

For years the European Union has been looked on as a potential model for cosmopolitan governance, and enjoyed considerable influence on the global stage. The EU has a uniquely strong and legally binding mission statement to pursue international relations on a multilateral basis, founded on the progressive development of international law. The political vision was for the EU to export its values of the rule of law and sophisticated governance mechanisms to the international sphere. Globalization and the financial crisis have starkly illustrated the limits of this vision, and the EU's dependence on global forces partially beyond the control of traditional provinces of law. This book takes stock of the EU's role in global governance. It asks: to what extent can and does the EU shape and influence the on-going re-ordering of legal processes, principles, and institutions of global governance, in line with its optimistic mission statement? With this ambitious remit it covers the legal-institutional and substantive aspects of global security, trade, environmental, financial, and social governance. Across these topics 23 contributors have taken the central question of the extent of the EU's influence on global governance, providing a broad view across the key areas as well as a detailed analysis of each. Through comparison and direct engagement with each other, the different chapters provide a distinctive contribution to legal scholarship on global governance, from a European perspective.

New Technologies and EU Law

Author: Marise Cremona

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192534025

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 6241

What is the nature of the relationship between the fields of new technology and EU law? What challenges do new technologies pose for the internal market and the fundamental principles of the EU? The first part of the collection explores the EU's approach to the regulation of scientific and technological risk, and the link between the regulation of technology and the internal market. In detail, the chapters analyse the interaction between EU law, bioethics and medical and health technologies. The second part of the collection enhances on this, and the chapters scrutinize specific policy areas in order to explain the alternate ways in which EU policy and technology cooperate.

Multilevel Regulation of Military and Security Contractors

The Interplay between International, European and Domestic Norms

Author: Christine Bakker,Mirko Sossai

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847319009

Category: Law

Page: 664

View: 4805

The outsourcing of military and security services is the object of intense legal debate. States employ private military and security companies (PMSCs) to perform functions previously exercised by regular armed forces, and increasingly international organisations, NGOs and business corporations do the same to provide security, particularly in crisis situations. Much of the public attention on PMSCs has been in response to incidents in which PMSC employees have been accused of violating international humanitarian law. Therefore initiatives have been launched to introduce uniform international standards amidst what is currently very uneven national regulation. This book analyses and discusses the interplay between international, European, and domestic regulatory measures in the field of PMSCs. It presents a comprehensive assessment of the existing domestic legislation in EU Member States and relevant Third States, and identifies implications for future international regulation. The book also addresses the crucial questions whether and how the EU can potentially play a more active future role in the regulation of PMSCs to ensure compliance with human rights and international humanitarian law.

Constitutionalization of European Private Law


Author: Hans Micklitz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191020087

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 5873

In recent years the impact of human rights and fundamental rights on private law has risen in prominence and led to a whole series of detailed investigations. 'Constitutionalization of private law' is the flag under which most of the research on the increasing impact of national constitutional rights on national private legal orders is sailing. In the absence of a European Constitution, the constitutionalization of European private law suggests a process: constitutionalization instead of constituent power, demos, and the magic constitutional moment. The Charter of Fundamental Rights and the European Convention of Human Rights constitute the two pillars on which the transformation of European private law rests. This volume clearly demonstrates the change that has taken place, at the national and at the European level. Private law is no longer immune to the intrusion of fundamental and human rights. Whilst member states and the EU are driving the process by adopting ever more concrete and more comprehensive lists of human and fundamental rights, at the national, the European, and international level with overlapping contents, the true and key players in this development are the national and European courts. Contributions to this volume give this process a face and a direction, which is highlighted in the introduction by Hans-W. Micklitz.

The Foundations of European Private Law

Author: Roger Brownsword,Hans W Micklitz,Leone Niglia,Stephen Weatherill

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847317901

Category: Law

Page: 648

View: 4410

There remains an urgent need for a deeper discussion of the theoretical, political and federal dimensions of the European codification project. While much valuable work has already been undertaken, the chapters in this volume take as their starting point the proposition that further reflection and critical thought will enhance the quality and efficacy of the on-going work of the various codification bodies. The volume contains chapters by representatives of the Common Frame of Reference, the Study Group and the Acquis Group as well as by those who have not been involved in particular projects but who have previously commented more distantly on their work - for instance those belonging to the Trento Group, and the Social Justice Group. The chapters between them represent the most comprehensive attempt so far to survey the state of the codification project, its theoretical, political and federal foundations and the future prospects for enforcement and compliance.

EU External Relations and Systems of Governance

The CFSP, Euro-Mediterranean Partnership and Migration

Author: Paul James Cardwell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135268460

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 8632

This book takes a fresh look at the external relations of the European Union (EU) and in particular the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). Rather than focusing exclusively on the competence aspects of the institutions and actors, the book makes the case that the CFSP can be understood as a system of governance, which produces effects beyond the traditional tools associated with foreign policy. The theoretical approach draws on insights from new institutionalism, constructivism and the institutional theory of law and emphasises how the institutionalised forms of cooperation in the external sphere contribute to a social reality in which the ‘added value’ of the CFSP can be seen. Paul James Cardwell takes the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EuroMed) as a case study. Not initially a CFSP project, EuroMed has become the frame for EU foreign policy in the region as an emerging system of governance in which the EU institutions play a central role. Having recently been relaunched as the Barcelona Process: Union for the Mediterranean, it is a topical subject. With the increasing importance of migration on the EU’s agenda, the book looks at the relationship between migration, EuroMed and the CFSP and argues that the legal effects of the CFSP can be felt beyond the Treaty-based instruments. EU External Relations and Systems of Governance will be of interest to students and scholars of Law, Politics and European studies researching in the dynamic fields of EU external relations and foreign policy, as well as policy-makers and non-governmental organisations striving to better understand how the EU and its systems of governance operate.

Legislative Approximation and Application of EU Law in the Eastern Neighbourhood of the European Union

Towards a Common Regulatory Space?

Author: Roman Petrov,Peter Van Elsuwege

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134441932

Category: Law

Page: 268

View: 9723

This book explores the exportation and application of European Union legislation beyond EU borders. It clarifies the means and instruments of the voluntary application of the EU’s norms by third countries and analyses in detail the process of legislative approximation between the EU and its East European neighbours. It also assesses the extent to which the EU is successful in promoting its legal standards abroad. The first part of the book addresses the EU’s mechanisms and instruments promoting the export of its own laws and practices to other countries. Key issues include the post-Lisbon constitutional basis for the EU’s engagement with its Eastern neighbours (Art. 8 TEU); the different methods of acquis export and the impact of a new generation of Association Agreements providing for the establishment of Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas (DCFTAs) and, ultimately, a Neighbourhood Economic Community (NEC) between the EU and its Eastern partners. The second part of the book includes substantive country reports that analyse the process of legislative approximation and application of EU law in the Eastern Partnership countries and Russia, authored by leading academics from the countries concerned. While currently these countries are not working towards full EU membership, the EU encourages them to approximate and converge their legislation with the EU acquis. The book also offers a unique picture of current practice of the application of EU law by judiciaries in the countries of the Eastern Partnership and Russia. The book concludes with reflections on the multi-faceted character of legislative approximation and the challenges surrounding the application of EU law in the EU’s Eastern neighbourhood. The conclusions reached are highly informative as to the effectiveness of present and future EU external regional policies aimed at the promotion of EU common values and EU legislation into the legal orders of third countries.

EU External Relations Law and Policy in the Post-Lisbon Era

Author: Paul James Cardwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789067048231

Category: Law

Page: 436

View: 3374

This is a collection of works which considers the many different facets of the EU’s increasingly important engagement with the world beyond its borders. The Treaty of Lisbon marked a change in the powers and competences endowed on the EU - the contributions to this collection consider both the direct and indirect impact of the Treaty on the contemporary state of EU external relations. The authors are drawn from legal, political science and international relations disciplines and consider innovations or changes brought about by the Treaty itself: the European External Action Service, the roles of the High Representative and President, the collapse of the ‘pillar’ structure and new competences such as those for foreign investment. Other chapters cover developments which reflect the latest incremental changes upon which the post-Lisbon Treaty arrangements have some bearing, including the COREU network, the transatlantic and neighbourhood relations and the external dimension of ‘internal’ security. Useful for academics working in the field of EU external relations law and foreign policy, as well as the EU law/politics/European studies market more generally.

The European Court of Justice and External Relations Law

Constitutional Challenges

Author: Marise Cremona,Anne Thies

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 184946832X

Category: Law

Page: 314

View: 8457

This edited collection appraises the role, self-perception, reasoning and impact of the European Court of Justice on the development of European Union (EU) external relations law. Against the background of the recent recasting of the EU Treaties by the Treaty of Lisbon and at a time when questions arise over the character of the Court's judicial reasoning and the effect of international legal obligations in its case law, it discusses the contribution of the Court to the formation of the EU as an international actor and the development of EU external relations law, and the constitutional challenges the Court faces in this context. To what extent does the position of the Court contribute to a specific conception of the EU? How does the EU's constitutional order, as interpreted by the Court, shape its external relations? The Court still has only limited jurisdiction over the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy: why has this decision been taken, and what are its implications? And what is the Court's own view of the relationship between court(s) and foreign policy, and of its own relationship with other international courts? The contributions to this volume show that the Court's influence over EU external relations derives first from its ability to shape and define the external competence of the EU and resulting constraints on the Member States, and second from its insistence on the autonomy of the EU legal order and its role as 'gatekeeper' to the entry and effect of international law into the EU system. It has not - in the external domain - overtly exerted influence through shaping substantive policy, as it has, for example, in relation to the internal market. Nevertheless the rather 'legalised' nature of EU external relations and the significance of the EU's international legal commitments mean that the role of the Court of Justice is more central than that of a national court with respect to the foreign policy of a nation state. And of course its decisions can nonetheless be highly political.

Fundamental Rights in International and European Law

Public and Private Law Perspectives

Author: Christophe Paulussen,Tamara Takacs,Vesna Lazić,Ben Van Rompuy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9462650888

Category: Law

Page: 323

View: 7395

In this book various perspectives on fundamental rights in the fields of public and private international law are innovatively covered. Published on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague, the collection reflects the breadth and scope of the Institute’s research activities in the fields of public international law, EU law, private international law and international and European sports law. It does so by shedding more light on topical issues – such as drone warfare, the fight against terrorism, the international trade environment nexus and forced arbitration – that can be related to the theme of fundamental rights, which runs through all these four areas of research. Points of divergence and areas of common ground are uncovered in contributions from both staff members and distinguished external authors, having long-standing academic relations with the Institute. The Editors of this book are all staff members of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut, each of them representing one of the areas of research the Institute covers.

EU External Relations Law

Text, Cases and Materials

Author: Bart Van Vooren,Ramses A. Wessel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107031125

Category: Law

Page: 626

View: 7711

"This major new textbook for students in European law uses a text, cases and materials approach to explore the law, politics, policy and practice of EU external relations, and navigates the complex questions at the interface of these areas. The subject is explored by explaining major constitutional principles, and elaborating upon them in policy-specific chapters ranging from common commercial policy and development policy over CFSP/CSDP and AFSJ to energy and enlargement policy. Specific attention is given to the relationship between European integration, the role of law, and the EU as an effective international actor. Designed for easy navigation, chapters include key objectives, summaries and textboxes, which frame key issues and guide the reader through the functioning of legal principles. Students gain a detailed understanding of the historical development, context and present functioning of EU external relations law in a highly politicised European and international environment"--

Hierarchy and Interdependence in Multi-level Structures

Foreign and European Relations of Belgian, German and Austrian Federated Entities

Author: Tamara Kovziridze

Publisher: ASP / VUBPRESS / UPA

ISBN: 9054875364

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 7500

"This book analyses the relationship between federalism and European integration, and in this context examines the impact of Europeanization on the three EU member states that are constitutionally federal: Belgium, Germany and Austria. The author chooses two theoretical concepts - hierarchy and interdependence - to characterize certain institutional and structural features of federal states. Her comparative analysis shows that European integration does have an impact on federalism and that it is leading to growing institutional interdependence between the levels of governance in all three states."--Back cover.

Developments in EU External Relations Law

Author: Marise Cremona

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199552894

Category: Law

Page: 319

View: 2299

External Relations is currently among the most dynamic areas of EU Law, its constitutional foundations profoundly affected by the Reform Treaty. This volume gathers leading analysts to assess core recent developments in the field, including the coherence of the EU's activity, its development policy and its contribution to international law.

Justice, Liberty, Security

New Challenges for EU External Relations

Author: Bernd Martenczuk,Servaas van Thiel

Publisher: ASP / VUBPRESS / UPA

ISBN: 9054874724

Category: Political Science

Page: 525

View: 8752

The European Union is rapidly creating a European space in which citizens can live in Justice, Liberty and Security. This bold push forward in the European integration process touches on three highly sensitive societal subjects: immigration and asylum, civil law, and criminal law. At the same time, work in this area necessarily has an external dimension: we only need to think about asylum and the post September 11 fight against terrorism. Within the European Union, this dynamic development of the external side of justice and home affairs raises challenging issues: friction over the division of competences between the Union and its Member States and between EU institutions; cross-pillar coordination issues; legal and political tensions due to "variable geometry" with numerous "opt-ins" and "opt-outs". In addition, international cooperation brings its own problems: how to explain the internal issues to international partners? How to allow them to become comfortable with an ever more assertive EU role? How to support global governance structures while preserving European human standards? -- Back cover.

EU External Relations Law

Author: Piet Eeckhout

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191656054

Category: Law

Page: 644

View: 9822

The law of the external relations of the European Union is a subject of great importance. The EU institutions have developed an extensive practice in this area, by concluding many international agreements, by participating in the work of international organizations, and by legislating and regulating on matters of external relations. It is a practice giving rise to many legal problems and questions, as evidenced by the substantial and fast expanding body of case-law in this area from the EU Courts. These problems and questions are often of constitutional significance, and the external relations law of the EU therefore occupies an important place in the overall constitutional and institutional development of the EU. This volume examines the legal foundations of the EU's external relations. It focuses on the EU's external competences and objectives; on the instruments, principles, and actors of external policies; and on the legal effects of international agreements and international law. It analyses a number of key external policies, particularly in the fields of trade and foreign policy. Substantially updated to take into account recent case law, it also incorporates an examination of the changes made by the Lisbon Treaty. This new edition, formerly published as External Relations of the European Union: Legal and Constitutional Foundations, is an invaluable asset to those studying and working in the field.

Crime within the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

A European Public Order

Author: Christina Eckes,Theodore Konstadinides

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113949547X

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1177

The 'Europeanisation' of the fight against crime is a broad and much-contested notion. This in-depth analysis of the role of the EU in fighting crime within the area of freedom, security and justice explores the impact of EU policies in the Member States, the progressive convergence of Member States' criminal law systems, the emergence of mutual recognition as an alternative to harmonization, and the incremental development of the ECJ's jurisdiction. The essays also explore the limitations inherent in EU counter-crime policies and the changes brought about by the introduction of the Treaty of Lisbon. These changes are discussed both collectively and within individual substantive areas in which the EU has taken an active role in fighting crime, such as corruption, money laundering, terrorism, organised crime and extradition.

Die Europäische Gemeinschaft und die Konventionen des einheitlichen Privatrechts

Author: Jan Asmus Bischoff

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161503092

Category: Law

Page: 465

View: 803

English summary: The increasing harmonization of private law in the European Union calls for an examination of the relationship between EU private law and the classical uniform private law conventions. Jan Asmus Bischoff compares the different development of uniform private law with that of EU private law in order to show the possible conflicts and synergies. Bearing this in mind, he analyzes the legal effects of the uniform private law conventions of the Union itself and of the Member States on the EU legislator and judiciary. The author shows that under the current state of the law the treatment of the Community by uniform law conventions on the one hand and the distribution of competences between the Community and the Member States tend to lead to conflicts that will endanger legal certainty in international legal relations. German description: Die verstarkte Vereinheitlichung des Privatrechts auf europaischer Ebene ruft nach einer Klarung des Verhaltnisses des Gemeinschaftsprivatrechts zu der klassischen Privatrechtsvereinheitlichung durch volkerrechtliche Vertrage. Jan Asmus Bischoff vergleicht die unterschiedlichen Entwicklungen des Einheitsprivatrechts und des Gemeinschaftsprivatrechts, um die moglichen Konfliktlagen, aber auch die moglichen Synergien aufzuzeigen. Er analysiert die Rechtswirkungen der einheitsrechtlichen Konventionen der Gemeinschaft selbst, aber auch der Mitgliedstaaten fur den Gemeinschaftsgesetzgeber und die Gemeinschaftsgerichtsbarkeit. Schliesslich zeigt er auf, dass durch die derzeitige Behandlung der Gemeinschaft durch das Konventionsprivatrecht und durch die Kompetenzverteilung zwischen Gemeinschaft und Mitgliedstaaten, Konflikte begunstigt werden, die die Rechtssicherheit gefahrden.

Trends in the Practice of Development Cooperation

Strengthening Governance and the Rule of Law

Author: James Michel

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442225246

Category: Political Science

Page: 32

View: 8892

There is a broad and enduring international consensus that good governance and the rule of law are important for the attainment of sustainable development results. But recognizing that good governance is important for development is one thing; carrying out effective international programs to support improved governance is something very different.