Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation

Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe

Author: Juan J. Linz,Alfred Stepan

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801851582

Category: Political Science

Page: 479

View: 2949

5. Actors and contexts

Schlüsselwerke der Politikwissenschaft

Author: Steffen Kailitz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531904000

Category: Political Science

Page: 493

View: 4448

Die Politikwissenschaft kann stolz auf einen bemerkenswerten Bestand an fruchtbaren Theorien und Forschungsergebnisse blicken. Die Vielzahl der politikwissenschaftlichen Werke ist aber selbst für den ausgebildeten Politikwissenschaftler kaum überschaubar. Die „Schlüsselwerke“ sollen bei der Orientierung helfen. Aus dem reichhaltigen Bestand der politikwissenschaftlichen Literatur nimmt der Band jene heraus, die in besonderem Maße die Entwicklung der Politikwissenschaft spiegeln. Der spannende Streifzug durch die Politikwissenschaft führt von Platons politischer Philosophie bis zum aktuellen Vetospieleransatz von Georg Tsebelis.

Handbuch Transformationsforschung

Author: Raj Kollmorgen,Wolfgang Merkel,Hans-Jürgen Wagener

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658053488

Category: Political Science

Page: 789

View: 8703

Transformation als nicht-evolutorischer gesellschaftlicher Wandel ist ein historisches Phänomen der Moderne. Gegenstand des Handbuchs sind Felder, Theorien und Methoden der sozialwissenschaftlichen Transformationsforschung. Am Anfang stehen die drei großen Paradigmen der Transformationsforschung: System, Institutionen und Akteure. Es folgen prominente Forschungsansätze unter anderem aus der Modernisierungstheorie, dem Strukturalismus, dem Historischen Institutionalismus, der Entwicklungsökonomik und der Politischen Ökonomie. Ein weiterer Teil ist den Methoden gewidmet. Quantitativ-statistische Verfahren werden hier ebenso vorgestellt wie makro-qualitative Methoden, Methoden aus der Ethnographie, den Wirtschaftswissenschaften und der Diskursanalyse. Nach einem Überblick über die wichtigsten historischen Wellen gesellschaftlicher Transformationen folgt ein Blick auf Sphären der Transformation wie Recht, Staat, Wirtschaft und Zivilgesellschaft. Mehr als vierzig kürzere Stichworte von A wie Autokratieförderung bis W wie Wohlfahrtsregime vertiefen einzelne transformatorische Grundprobleme. Dieses Handbuch integriert politikwissenschaftliche, soziologische und wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Perspektiven. Daneben finden rechts- und kulturwissenschaftliche Zugänge Berücksichtigung.

Systemtransformation

Eine Einführung in die Theorie und Empirie der Transformationsforschung

Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 332286684X

Category: Social Science

Page: 572

View: 7164

Das Buch bietet zweierlei: erstens eine systematisch-theoretische Einführung in die Transformationsforschung politischer Systeme; zweitens in vier großen Kapiteln die empirische Analyse der Demokratisierung nach 1945 sowie der Systemwechsel in Südeuropa, Ostasien und Osteuropa.

Rechtsstaat und Demokratie

Theoretische und empirische Studien zum Recht in der Demokratie

Author: Michael Becker,Hans-Joachim Lauth,Gert Pickel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322803996

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 8747

Die Bedeutung des Rechtsstaates erlangt im Zuge der Entstehung junger Demokratien verstärkt Aufmerksamkeit. Diskutiert werden die Folgen oftmals prekärer Rechtsstaatlichkeit für die funktionsweise und die Konsolidierung junger Demokratien. Die damit begonnene Debatte zeigt, dass es notwendig ist, auch die bereits etablierten Demokratien in die Betrachtung einzuschließen. Eine Voraussetzung für die empirische Untersuchung ist allerdings, den komplizierten Zusammenhang zwischen Demokratie und Recht aufzuklären. Der vorliegende Band greift die genannten Aspekte auf, vertieft sie in theoretischen Beiträgen und empirischen Studien, die sowohl vergleichend als auch länderspezifisch angelegt sind.

Defekte Demokratie

Author: Wolfgang Merkel,Aurel Croissant,Hans J. Puhle,Claudia Eicher,Peter Thiery

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783531161792

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 9725

The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes

Chile

Author: Arturo Valenzuela

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801820106

Category: History

Page: 140

View: 5280

The fate of democratic governments throughout the world is a topic of growing concern. The crises of modern history, from the Machtergreifung by Hitler through the downfall of democracies. In a systematic review of the political experiences of Latin American and European democratic nations, these original, thought-provoking books propose a significant new comparative framework for understanding the dynamics of political change and the conditions necessary for democratic stability.

Europas muslimische Eliten

Wer sie sind und was sie wollen

Author: Jytte Klausen

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593402378

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 4233

Terroristen und Schläfer, Zwangsehen und Ehrenmorde beherrschen die Schlagzeilen – immer wieder ist von Parallelgesellschaften die Rede. Doch die große Mehrheit der in Europa lebenden Muslime hat mit diesem Bild nichts gemein. Ihre führenden Vertreter kommen in diesem Buch zu Wort.

Democratic Transitions

Modes and Outcomes

Author: Sujian Guo,Gary A Stradiotto

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131775106X

Category: Political Science

Page: 138

View: 3091

Democratic transitions have occurred in many countries in various regions across the globe, such as Southern Europe, Latin America, Africa, East and Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East, and these nations have undergone simuntaneously political, economic and social transformations. Yet, the patterns and characteristics of transitions have varied significantly, and different modes of transition have resulted in different outcomes. This book offers cross-national comparisons of democratic transition since the turn of the twentieth century and asks what makes democracies succeed or fail. In doing so it explores the influence the mode of transition has on the longevity or durability of the democracy, by theoretically examining and quantitatively testing this relationship. The authors argue that the mode of transition directly impacts the success and failure of democracy, and suggest that cooperative transitions, where opposition groups work together with incumbent elites to peacefully transition the state, result in democracies that last longer and are associated with higher measures of democratic quality. Based on a cross-national dataset of all democratic transitioning states since 1900, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and democracy, and democratization studies.

Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought

Author: Paul Barry Clarke,Joe Foweraker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136908633

Category: Political Science

Page: 768

View: 2453

Containing almost 200 entries from 'accountability' to the 'Westminster model' the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought explores all the ideas that matter to democracy past, present and future. It is destined to become the first port-of-call for all students, teachers and researchers of political science interested in democratic ideas, democratic practice, and the quality of democratic governance. The Encyclopedia provides extensive coverage of all the key concepts of democratic thought written by a stellar team of distinguished international contributors. The Encyclopedia draws on every tradition of democratic thought, as well as developing new thinking, in order to provide full coverage of the key democratic concepts and engage with their practical implications for the conduct of democratic politics in the world today. In this way, it brings every kind of democratic thinking to bear on the challenges facing contemporary democracies and on the possibilities of the democratic future. The Encyclopedia is global in scope and responds in detail to the democratic revolution of recent decades. Referring both to the established democratic states of Western Europe, North America and Australasia, and to the recent democracies of Latin America, Eastern and Central Europe, Africa and Asia, classical democratic concerns are related to new democracies, and to important changes in the older democracies. Supplemented by full bibliographical information, extensive cross-referencing and suggestions for further reading, the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought is a unique work of reference combining the expertise of many of the world's leading political scientists, political sociologists and political philosophers. It will be welcomed as an essential resource for both teaching and for independent study, and as a solid starting point both for further research and wider exploration.

Systemwechsel 1

Theorien, Ansätze und Konzepte der Transitionsforschung

Author: Wolfgang Merkel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663013030

Category: Social Science

Page: 333

View: 375

Transitions to Democracy

Author: Lisa Anderson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231502478

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 1245

Are the factors that initiate democratization the same as those that maintain a democracy already established? The scholarly and policy debates over this question have never been more urgent. In 1970, Dankwart A. Rustow's clairvoyant article "Transitions to Democracy: Toward a Dynamic Model" questioned the conflation of the primary causes and sustaining conditions of democracy and democratization. Now this collection of essays by distinguished scholars responds to and extends Rustow's classic work, Transitions to Democracy--which originated as a special issue of the journal Comparative Politics and contains three new articles written especially for this volume--represents much of the current state of the large and growing literature on democratization in American political science. The essays simultaneously illustrate the remarkable reach of Rustow's prescient article across the decades and reveal what the intervening years have taught us. In light of the enormous opportunities of the post-Cold War world for the promotion of democratic government in parts of the world once thought hopelessly lost of authoritarian and totalitarian regimes, this timely collection constitutes and important contribution to the debates and efforts to promote the more open, responsive, and accountable government we associate with democracy.

Das Verschwinden der DDR und der Untergang des Kommunismus

Author: Charles S. Maier

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3105615423

Category: History

Page: 592

View: 6048

Charles S. Maier hat erfolgreich die Herausforderung angenommen, die Ereignisse und Hintergründe, die zum Zusammenbruch des Kommunismus und der DDR führten, in einen umfassenden historischen Kontext einzuordnen: Ein äußerst profundes, auf breitem Quellen- und Archivstudium basierendes und überdies stilistisch brillantes Werk, das seinesgleichen sucht. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

Emerging Capitalism in Central Europe and Southeast Asia

A Comparison of Political Economies

Author: F. Bafoil

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137383062

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 946

This book examines the emergence of different forms of capitalism in Central-Eastern states in Europe and Mekong states within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). All of them (but Thailand) have historically disappeared from the regional maps for long periods of time due to colonial or imperial rule. Most of them were previously members of a soviet-type economy, and they all joined ASEAN or the European Union in the 1990s or in the 2000s. These states are characterized by a strong urge toward feelings of national sovereignty due to their experiences with colonialism and imperialism. But, due to the regional economic pressures and the globalization dynamic, these states cannot articulate protectionist policies. They are forced to open their economies in order to attract Foreign Direct Investments. This results in less regulated and more political forms of capitalism than in some more developed capitalist countries. This book analyzes forms of capitalism as the arising from a combination of three conditions: the legacy of the foreign occupations, the national construction process of the sovereign state, and lastly, the dynamics of regional integration. These states' claims to national sovereignty and the manner in which they developed suggests a causative link between the forms of political domination that have presided over these transformations and the forms of capitalism that have resulted.

Systemwechsel in Osteuropa

Author: Klaus von Beyme

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518287309

Category: Post-communism

Page: 387

View: 7368

Beyond Post-communist Studies

Political Science and the New Democracies of Europe

Author: Terry D. Clark

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765609816

Category: Political Science

Page: 178

View: 1104

This book makes the case that several East Central European countries have emerged as fully consolidated democracies. As such, they may be integrated into the mainstream of political science research, and not consigned forever to a transitional category encompassing countries that are now fully democracies as well as some that are not democratic at all. The author outlines the steps of another transition -- from post-communist studies to political science research. He demonstrates, for example, how institutionalist, or rational choice, theories can be applied to the analysis of political processes in the successfully democratized countries, and proposes a new research agenda for political scientists studying the region. The results of this work can enrich political science as well as our understanding of both democracy and the polities of contemporary Eastern Europe.

Zwischen Demokratie und Diktatur

Zur Konzeption und Empirie demokratischer Grauzonen

Author: Petra Bendel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322998452

Category: Social Science

Page: 359

View: 7922

Mapping Mass Mobilization

Understanding Revolutionary Moments in Argentina and Ukraine

Author: O. Onuch

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137409770

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 4939

Through a paired comparison of two moments of mass mobilization, in Ukraine and Argentina, focusing on the role of different actors involved, this text maps out a multi-layered sequence of events leading up to mass mobilization.

Nation-Building and Minority Politics in Post-Socialist States

Interests, Influence and Identities in Estonia and Latvia

Author: David J. Galbreath

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 3838254678

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 8066

Despite socialism's best efforts, ethnic identity remained a salient feature in Central and Eastern Europe. Not only did ethno-nationalism help to bring about the fall of the socialist regimes in this region, but it also characterized much of the post-socialist politics. Nation-Building and Minority Politics examines the issue of minority politics in post-socialist states within this dual structure. In particular, it offers an in-depth analysis of post-restoration politics in Estonia and Latvia, covering four issues. First, it looks at the historical context of the current group relations. Second, the study explores the domestic nature of minority politics in Estonia and Latvia by looking at domestic politics and policies. Third, it examines the role of the Russian Federation as an 'external national homeland' through illustrating developments within Russian foreign policy. Finally, the book analyses the role of three significant European organizations, namely the OSCE, EU and the Council of Europe as agents of 'conditionality'. Overall, this study combines old and new theoretical approaches to nation-building and minority politics to exhibit the changing nature of the relationship between majority, minority, external national homeland, and international organizations in today's Europe.

Democratic Transition in the Muslim World

A Global Perspective

Author: Alfred Stepan

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023154541X

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 8609

In early 2011, widespread protests ousted dictatorial regimes in both Tunisia and Egypt. Within a few years, Tunisia successfully held parliamentary and presidential elections and witnessed a peaceful transition of power, while the Egyptian military went on to seize power and institute authoritarian control. What explains the success and failure of transitions to democracy in these two countries, and how might they speak to democratic transition attempts in other Muslim-majority countries? Democratic Transition in the Muslim World convenes leading scholars to consider the implications of democratic success in Tunisia and failure in Egypt in comparative perspective. Alongside case studies of Indonesia, Senegal, and India, contributors analyze similarities and differences among democratizing countries with large Muslim populations, considering universal challenges as well as each nation’s particular obstacles. A central theme is the need to understand the conditions under which it becomes possible to craft pro-democratic coalitions among secularists and Islamists. Essays discuss the dynamics of secularist fears of Islamist electoral success, the role of secular constituencies in authoritarian regimes’ resilience, and the prospects for moderation among both secularist and Islamist political actors. They delve into topics such as the role of the army and foreign military aid, Middle Eastern constitutions, and the role of the Muslim Brotherhood. The book also includes an essay by the founder and president of Tunisia’s Ennadha Party, Rachid Ghannouchi, who discusses the political strategies his party chose to pursue.