Proof, Logic, and Conjecture

The Mathematician's Toolbox

Author: Robert S. Wolf

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9780716730507

Category: Mathematics

Page: 421

View: 3759

This text is designed to teach students how to read and write proofs in mathematics and to acquaint them with how mathematicians investigate problems and formulate conjecture.

Refocusing education in Nigeria

a book of readings

Author: S. O. Oriaifo,Pius O. E. Nwaokolo,Godson C. Igborgbor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Educational change

Page: 455

View: 5698

The Mathematical Gazette

The Journal of the Mathematical Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9647

The Nuts and Bolts of Proofs

An Introduction to Mathematical Proofs

Author: Antonella Cupillari

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123822181

Category: Mathematics

Page: 296

View: 9967

The Nuts and Bolts of Proofs: An Introduction to Mathematical Proofs provides basic logic of mathematical proofs and shows how mathematical proofs work. It offers techniques for both reading and writing proofs. The second chapter of the book discusses the techniques in proving if/then statements by contrapositive and proofing by contradiction. It also includes the negation statement, and/or. It examines various theorems, such as the if and only-if, or equivalence theorems, the existence theorems, and the uniqueness theorems. In addition, use of counter examples, mathematical induction, composite statements including multiple hypothesis and multiple conclusions, and equality of numbers are covered in this chapter. The book also provides mathematical topics for practicing proof techniques. Included here are the Cartesian products, indexed families, functions, and relations. The last chapter of the book provides review exercises on various topics. Undergraduate students in engineering and physical science will find this book invaluable. Jumps right in with the needed vocabulary—gets students thinking like mathematicians from the beginning Offers a large variety of examples and problems with solutions for students to work through on their own Includes a collection of exercises without solutions to help instructors prepare assignments Contains an extensive list of basic mathematical definitions and concepts needed in abstract mathematics

Introduction to Advanced Mathematics: A Guide to Understanding Proofs

Author: Connie M. Campbell

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0547165382

Category: Mathematics

Page: 144

View: 6409

This text offers a crucial primer on proofs and the language of mathematics. Brief and to the point, it lays out the fundamental ideas of abstract mathematics and proof techniques that students will need to master for other math courses. Campbell presents these concepts in plain English, with a focus on basic terminology and a conversational tone that draws natural parallels between the language of mathematics and the language students communicate in every day. The discussion highlights how symbols and expressions are the building blocks of statements and arguments, the meanings they convey, and why they are meaningful to mathematicians. In-class activities provide opportunities to practice mathematical reasoning in a live setting, and an ample number of homework exercises are included for self-study. This text is appropriate for a course in Foundations of Advanced Mathematics taken by students who've had a semester of calculus, and is designed to be accessible to students with a wide range of mathematical proficiency. It can also be used as a self-study reference, or as a supplement in other math courses where additional proofs practice is needed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Books in Print

Author: R.R. Bowker Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 3206

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Beweise und Widerlegungen

Die Logik mathematischer Entdeckungen

Author: Imre Lakatos

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663001962

Category: Mathematics

Page: 163

View: 7777

Subject Guide to Books in Print

An Index to the Publishers' Trade List Annual

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 8103

Was ist Mathematik?

Author: Richard Courant,Herbert Robbins

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662000539

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 6142

47 brauchen nur den Nenner n so groß zu wählen, daß das Intervall [0, IJn] kleiner wird als das fragliche Intervall [A, B], dann muß mindestens einer der Brüche m/n innerhalb des Intervalls liegen. Also kann es kein noch so kleines Intervall auf der Achse geben, das von rationalen Punkten frei wäre. Es folgt weiterhin, daß es in jedem Intervall unendlich viele rationale Punkte geben muß; denn wenn es nur eine endliche Anzahl gäbe, so könnte das Intervall zwischen zwei beliebigen benachbarten Punkten keine rationalen Punkte enthalten, was, wie wir eben sahen, unmöglich ist. § 2. Inkommensurable Strecken, irrationale Zahlen und der Grenzwertbegriff 1. Einleitung Vergleicht man zwei Strecken a und b hinsichtlich ihrer Größe, so kann es vor kommen, daß a in b genau r-mal enthalten ist, wobei r eine ganze Zahl darstellt. In diesem Fall können wir das Maß der Strecke b durch das von a ausdrücken, indem wir sagen, daß die Länge von b das r-fache der Länge von a ist.

Proof in mathematics education

research, learning and teaching

Author: David Alexander Reid,Christine Knipping

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789460912443

Category: Education

Page: 251

View: 785

Research on teaching and learning proof and proving has expanded in recent decades. This reflects the growth of mathematics education research in general, but also an increased emphasis on proof in mathematics education. This development is a welcome one for those interested in the topic, but also poses a challenge, especially to teachers and new scholars. It has become more and more difficult to get an overview of the field and to identify the key concepts used in research on proof and proving. This book is intended to help teachers, researchers and graduate students to overcome the difficulty of getting an overview of research on proof and proving. It reviews the key findings and concepts in research on proof and proving, and embeds them in a contextual frame that allows the reader to make sense of the sometimes contradictory statements found in the literature. It also provides examples from current research that explore how larger patterns in reasoning and argumentation provide insight into teaching and learning.

Mathematische Edelsteine

der elementaren Kombinatorik, Zahlentheorie und Geometrie

Author: Ross Honsberger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322859304

Category: Mathematics

Page: 179

View: 1361

College Preparatory Mathematics 2

Geometry Version 4.1, Complete

Author: Brian Hoey,Karen Wootton,Tom Sallee,CPM Educational Program,Eric Ettlin,Julien Howe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781885145703

Category: Mathematics

Page: 555

View: 2970

Begriffsschrift und andere Aufsätze

Mit E. Husserls und H. Scholz' Anmerkungen herausgegeben von Ignacio Angelelli

Author: Gottlob Frege

Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag

ISBN: 3487006235

Category: Philosophy

Page: 124

View: 2014

Dieser Band enthält die vier Arbeiten Freges: Begriffsschrift, eine der arithmetischen nachgebildeten Formelsprache, 1879; Anwendungen der Begriffsschrift, 1879; Über den Briefwechsel Leibnizens und Huggens mit Papin, 1881; Über den Zweck der Begriffsschrift, 1883; Über die wissenschaftliche Berechtigung einer Begriffsschrift, 1882. Frege's research work in the field of mathematical logic is of great importance for the present-day analytic philosophy. We actually owe to Frege a great amount of basical insight and exemplary research, which set up a new standard also in other fields of knowledge. As the founder of mathematical logic he severely examindes the syllogisms on which arithmetic is built up. In doing so, Frege recognized that our colloquial language is inadequate to define logic structures. His notional language corresponded to the artaivicial logical language demandes by Leibniz. Frege's achievement in the field of logic were so important, that they radiated into the domain of philosophy and influenced the development of mathematical logic decisively.

Integrated Mathematics

Author: Rheta Norma Pollock Rubenstein,Timothy Craine,Thomas Butts

Publisher: McDougal Littell/Houghton Mifflin

ISBN: 9780395855065

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 784

View: 5308

Elementare Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und stochastische Prozesse

Author: Kai L. Chung

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642670334

Category: Mathematics

Page: 346

View: 2580

Aus den Besprechungen: "Unter den zahlreichen Einführungen in die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung bildet dieses Buch eine erfreuliche Ausnahme. Der Stil einer lebendigen Vorlesung ist über Niederschrift und Übersetzung hinweg erhalten geblieben. In jedes Kapitel wird sehr anschaulich eingeführt. Sinn und Nützlichkeit der mathematischen Formulierungen werden den Lesern nahegebracht. Die wichtigsten Zusammenhänge sind als mathematische Sätze klar formuliert." #FREQUENZ#1