Public Ends, Private Means

Strategic Purchasing of Health Services

Author: Alexander S. Preker

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821365487

Category: Medical

Page: 414

View: 5167

Great progress has been made in recent years in securing better access and financial protection against the cost of illness through collective financing of health care. Managing scarce resources effectively and efficiently is an important part of this story. Experience has shown that, without strategic policies and focused spending, the poor are likely to get left out. The use of purchasing to enhance public sector performance is well-documented in other sectors. Extension to the health sector of lessons from this experience is now successfully implemented in many developing countries. Public.

The Privatization Decision

Public Ends, Private Means

Author: John D. Donahue

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9780465063574

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 8979

What government activities should be contracted out to private companies? This thoughtful book by a Harvard policy analyst shuns global answers and explores how to examine individual cases.

Private Means--public Ends

Private Business in Social Service Delivery

Author: Barry J. Carroll,Ralph Wendell Conant,Thomas A. Easton

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 187

View: 3024

This book is a timely response to the current U.S. crisis in public funding. Offering a new philosophy of public service that defies the old categories of conservative and liberal, this practical book shows how the problem-solving abilities and profit-making discipline of the business community can make it a productive alternative for meeting public needs. Using education as an example of what should be a high domestic priority, the authors argue that business should recognize that it has a major stake in the quality of the product of our schools and should provide support. The book delineates other areas of national concern that merit the attention of American business. It concludes with an insightful discussion of how business involvement might be reinforced by incentive systems.

Private Means, Public Ends

Voluntarism Vs. Coercion

Author: J. Wilson Mixon, Jr.

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 9781480012080

Category: Political Science

Page: 148

View: 8438

LARGE PRINT EDITION! More at LargePrintLiberty.com This collection of essays daringly challenges the perceived wisdom of government necessity by pointing to instances of the free market fulfilling these functions. The book seeks to illustrate that there are, inevitably, many intrinsic problems with governmental attempts to plan and implement these functions. Moreover, governments operate on the leverage of coercion -- whether that be in the form of laws or taxation. These essays suggest that the private alternatives not only tend to work better at achieving the desired end, but they also serve to reintroduce the much diminished principle upon which civil society is founded: namely voluntary cooperation between free men.

Public Productivity Handbook, Second Edition,

Author: Marc Holzer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824747213

Category: Political Science

Page: 1324

View: 7346

Anyone hoping to improve teamwork, performance, and budgeting, training, and evaluation programs in their organization should look no further. Completely revised, Public Productivity Handbook, Second Edition defines the role of leadership, dimensions of employee commitment, and multiple employee-organization based relationships for effective internal and external connections. It's coverage of new and systematic management approaches and well-defined measurement systems provides guidance on correct utilization of human resources that ensure improvements in productivity and performance. The authors discuss such topics as citizen-driven government and performance, public sector values and productivity, privatization, and productivity barriers in the public sector.

Private Prisons

Cons and Pros

Author: Charles H. Logan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195362534

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 782

American prisons and jails are overflowing with inmates. To relieve the pressure, courts have imposed fines on overcrowded facilities and fiscally strapped governments have been forced to release numerous prisoners prematurely. In this study, noted criminologist Charles Logan makes the case for commercial operation of prisons and jails as an alternative to the government's monopoly. On philosophical, economic, legal, and practical grounds, Logan argues a compelling case for the private and commercial operation of prisons. He critically examines all objections raised by opponents, and concludes that while private prisons face many potential problems, they do so primarily because they are prisons, not because they are private. Historically, the record of private ownership and operation of corrections facilities has been bleak--ridden with political corruption, physical abuse of prisoners, and the single-minded pursuit of profits. This study demonstrates that this need not be the case. Critiquing the tendency to contrast private prisons with a hypothetical ideal, Logan instead compares them with existing public institutions, arguing that the potential problems attributed to private prisons are experienced by their public counterparts. The work examines ten sets of issues, including the propriety, cost, security, and quantity of prisons, to set out a strong case for the viability of proprietary prisons.

Social Administration

Author: Roger A. Lohmann,Nancy Lohmann

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231502613

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 5617

By making explicit linkages both to social work practice and to the history of management thought, covering the rapidly expanding field of nonprofit studies, and incorporating management approaches from Henri Fayol's principles to Total Quality Management, this pioneering work grounds the practice of social administration in the profession of social work and agency-based practice better than any text presently available. The book also addresses ways in which the strategic vision of social administrators can be used to build humane and lasting welfare institutions, further social justice, and confront oppression. To accomplish this task, the authors blend several perspectives: social administration as management, as a form of social work practice emphasizing professional and community leadership, as decision making influenced by values and ethics and as institution building. Divided into an introduction, an afterword, and twenty-five topical chapters, Social Administration discusses issues of executive and program leadership as well as such environmental concerns as community, social agency, and a range of special topics, including accountability, ethics, contracting, and working with boards.

Private Participation in Health Services

Author: April Harding,Alexander S. Preker

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821351529

Category: Medical

Page: 349

View: 7527

Although many countries already make use of private sector services to achieve policy objectives in public health care provision, it remains a controversial topic. Drawing on a wide range of country experiences, this book considers the use of the private sector in the provision of public health services in developing countries, in terms of: assessing the potential for private sector involvement, contracting with the private sector for health services, regulating the sector, and what to do when key information is not available.

Spending Wisely

Buying Health Services for the Poor

Author: Alexander S. Preker,Jack Langenbrunner

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821359181

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 413

View: 9727

This publication examines how public spending on health care can be made more efficient and equitable in developing countries, focusing on strategic purchasing and contracting of services from non-governmental providers. It is divided into six sections under the headings of: the conceptual framework; how to make strategic purchasing pro-poor; purchasing health services; purchasing inputs; supply, demand and markets; legal and regulatory issues.

What's Public About Charter Schools?

Lessons Learned About Choice and Accountability

Author: Gary Miron,Christopher Nelson

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 9780761945383

Category: Education

Page: 242

View: 9083

This book is a valuable tool for analyzing the success of the private/public hybrid in serving the core purpose of public education.

The Political Economy of Special-Purpose Government

Author: Kathryn A. Foster

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781589014558

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 1217

In recent decades, local governments across America have increasingly turned specialized functions over to autonomous agencies ranging in scope from subdivision-sized water districts to multi-state transit authorities. This book is the first comprehensive examination of the causes and consequences of special-purpose governments in more than 300 metropolitan areas in the United States. It presents new evidence on the economic, political, and social implications of relying on these special districts while offering important findings about their use and significance.

Against the Profit Motive

The Salary Revolution in American Government, 1780-1940

Author: Nicholas R. Parrillo

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300187300

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 7561

In America today, a public official's lawful income consists of a salary. But until a century ago, the law frequently authorized officials to make money on a profit-seeking basis. Prosecutors won a fee for each defendant convicted. Tax collectors received a cut of each evasion uncovered. Naval officers took a reward for each ship sunk. The list goes on. This book is the first to document American government's "for-profit" past, to discover how profit-seeking defined officials' relationship to the citizenry, and to explain how lawmakers-by banishing the profit motive in favor of the salary-transformed that relationship forever.

Social Reinsurance

A New Approach to Sustainable Community Health Financing

Author: David M. Dror,Alexander S. Preker

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821350416

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 518

View: 5909

Annotation This volume views community-based microinsurance as an incremental first step to improved financial protection and better access to health services for the poor. While community-based financing can be structured in various ways, this volume focuses on reinsurance as a mechanism for improving micro-level health insurance units. It outlines strategies and policies that can be applied by countries and donors to improve access to health care services.

Global Marketplace for Private Health Insurance

Strength in Numbers

Author: Alexander S. Preker,Peter Zweifel,Onno P. Schellekens

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821376775

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 7784

Financial protection against the cost of illness and inclusion of vulnerable groups will require better mobilization and use of private means. Private voluntary health insurance already plays an important role in mobilizing additional resources to the health sector and protecting against the catastrophic cost of illness in some countries. This review explores the context under which private voluntary health insurance could contribute to an improvement in the sustainability of the health sector and financial protection in other countries.

Global Financial Crises and Reforms

Cases and Caveats

Author: B. N. Ghosh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134543166

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 4701

This is an innovative collection of papers written by a panel of highly respected academics and financial experts. Whilst providing an insight into the phenomenology of the financial crises of the 1990s in Asia and Latin America, the book also explores possibilities for their solution.

Uneasy Partnership

The Politics of Business and Government in Canada

Author: Geoffrey E. Hale

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781551115047

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 538

View: 9140

"Both teachers and students are indebted to Professor Hale for this up-to-date, comprehensive, and high-quality text." - Kenneth Kernaghan, Brock University

Organizing Locally

How the New Decentralists Improve Education, Health Care, and Trade

Author: Bruce Fuller

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022624668X

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 5731

We love the local. From the cherries we buy, to the grocer who sells them, to the school where our child unpacks them for lunch, we express resurgent faith in decentralizing the institutions and businesses that arrange our daily lives. But the fact is that huge, bureaucratic organizations often still shape the character of our jobs, schools, the groceries where we shop, and even the hospitals we entrust with our lives. So how, exactly, can we work small, when everything around us is so big, so global and standardized? In Organizing Locally, Bruce Fuller shows us, taking stock of America’s rekindled commitment to localism across an illuminating range of sectors, unearthing the crucial values and practices of decentralized firms that work. Fuller first untangles the economic and cultural currents that have eroded the efficacy of—and our trust in—large institutions over the past half century. From there we meet intrepid leaders who have been doing things differently. Traveling from a charter school in San Francisco to a veterans service network in Iowa, from a Pennsylvania health-care firm to the Manhattan branch of a Swedish bank, he explores how creative managers have turned local staff loose to craft inventive practices, untethered from central rules and plain-vanilla routines. By holding their successes and failures up to the same analytical light, he vividly reveals the key cornerstones of social organization on which motivating and effective decentralization depends. Ultimately, he brings order and evidence to the often strident debates about who has the power—and on what scale—to structure how we work and live locally. Written for managers, policy makers, and reform activists, Organizing Locally details the profound decentering of work and life inside firms, unfolding across postindustrial societies. Its fresh theoretical framework explains resurging faith in decentralized organizations and the ingredients that deliver vibrant meaning and efficacy for residents inside. Ultimately, it is a synthesizing study, a courageous and radical new way of conceiving of American vitality, creativity, and ambition.

No Establishment of Religion

America's Original Contribution to Religious Liberty

Author: T. Jeremy Gunn,John Witte Jr.

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199986010

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 6639

The First Amendment guarantee that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion" rejected the millennium-old Western policy of supporting one form of Christianity in each nation and subjugating all other faiths. The exact meaning and application of this American innovation, however, has always proved elusive. Individual states found it difficult to remove traditional laws that controlled religious doctrine, liturgy, and church life, and that discriminated against unpopular religions. They found it even harder to decide more subtle legal questions that continue to divide Americans today: Did the constitution prohibit governmental support for religion altogether, or just preferential support for some religions over others? Did it require that government remove Sabbath, blasphemy, and oath-taking laws, or could they now be justified on other grounds? Did it mean the removal of religious texts, symbols, and ceremonies from public documents and government lands, or could a democratic government represent these in ever more inclusive ways? These twelve essays stake out strong and sometimes competing positions on what "no establishment of religion" meant to the American founders and to subsequent generations of Americans, and what it might mean today.