Public-private Partnerships for Public Health

Author: Michael Reich

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674008656

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 205

View: 4349

Global health problems require global solutions, and public-private partnerships are increasingly called upon to provide these solutions. Such partnerships involve private corporations in collaboration with governments, international agencies, and nongovernmental organizations. They can be very productive, but they also bring their own problems. This volume examines the organizational and ethical challenges of partnerships and suggests ways to address them. How do organizations with different values, interests, and world-views come together to resolve critical public health issues? How are shared objectives and shared values created within a partnership? How are relationships of trust fostered and sustained in the face of the inevitable conflicts, uncertainties, and risks of partnership? This book focuses on public-private partnerships that seek to expand the use of specific products to improve health conditions in poor countries. The volume includes case studies of partnerships involving specific diseases such as trachoma and river blindness, international organizations such as the World Health Organization, multinational pharmaceutical companies, and products such as medicines and vaccines. Individual chapters draw lessons from successful partnerships as well as troubled ones in order to help guide efforts to reduce global health disparities.

The Role of Public-Private Partnerships in Health Systems Strengthening

Workshop Summary

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Public-Private Partnerships for Global Health and Safety

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309381428

Category: Medical

Page: 126

View: 2345

Over the past several decades, the public and private sectors made significant investments in global health, leading to meaningful changes for many of the world's poor. These investments and the resulting progress are often concentrated in vertical health programs, such as child and maternal health, malaria, and HIV, where donors may have a strategic interest. Frequently, partnerships between donors and other stakeholders can coalesce on a specific topical area of expertise and interest. However, to sustain these successes and continue progress, there is a growing recognition of the need to strengthen health systems more broadly and build functional administrative and technical infrastructure that can support health services for all, improve the health of populations, increase the purchasing and earning power of consumers and workers, and advance global security. In June 2015, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop on the role of public-private partnerships (PPPs) in health systems strengthening. Participants examined a range of incentives, innovations, and opportunities for relevant sectors and stakeholders in strengthening health systems through partnerships; to explore lessons learned from pervious and ongoing efforts with the goal of illuminating how to improve performance and outcomes going forward; and to discuss measuring the value and outcomes of investments and documenting success in partnerships focused on health systems strengthening. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Public-Private Partnerships in Health Care in India

Lessons for developing countries

Author: A. Venkat Raman,James Warner Björkman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134035039

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4069

Public-private partnerships are increasingly advocated to alleviate deficiencies in the public health system as well as to reduce economic stress on those who seek services from an expensive, burgeoning and unregulated private health sector. Focusing on India, this book examines how the private sector in developing countries is tapped to deliver health care services to poor and under-served sections of society through collaborative arrangements with the government. Having emerged as a key reform initiative, aspects of public-private partnership are examined such as the genesis of private sector partnerships, the ways in which the private sector is encouraged to deliver public health services, and the models and formats that make such partnerships possible. Based on in-depth case studies from different states of India and drawing on experiences in other countries, the authors analyse challenges, opportunities and benefits of implementing public-private partnerships and explore whether partnership with the private sector can be designed to deliver health care services to the poor as well as the consequences for beneficiaries. This book will be of interest to scholars of public policy and development administration, health policy and development economics as well as South Asian Studies.

Public-Private Partnerships and Responsibility under International Law

A Global Health Perspective

Author: Lisa Clarke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317975375

Category: Law

Page: 270

View: 495

Partnerships between the public and private sectors are an increasingly accepted method to deal with pressing global issues, such as those relating to health. Partnerships, comprised of states and international organizations (public sector) and companies, non-governmental organizations, research institutes and philanthropic foundations (private sector), are forming to respond to pressing global health issues. These partnerships are managing activities that are normally regarded to be within the domain of states and international organizations, such as providing access to preventative and treatment measures for certain diseases, or improving health infrastructure within certain states to better manage the growing risk of disease. In the shadow of the success of these partnerships lies, however, the possibility of something going wrong and it is to this shadow that this book sheds light. This book explores the issue of responsibility under international law in the context of global health public-private partnerships. The legal status of partnerships under international law is explored in order to determine whether or not partnerships have legal personality under international law, resulting in them being subject to rules of responsibility under international law. The possibility of holding partnerships responsible in domestic legal systems and the immunity partnerships have from the jurisdiction of domestic courts in certain states is also considered. The obstacles to holding partnerships themselves responsible leads finally to an investigation into the possibility of holding states and/or international organizations, as partners and/or hosts of partnerships, responsible under international law in relation to the acts of partnerships. This book will be of interest to those researching and working in areas of global governance, especially hybrid public-private bodies; the responsibility under international law of states and international organizations; and also global health. It provides doctrinal clarification and practical guidance in a developing field of international law.

The Routledge Companion to Public-Private Partnerships

Author: Piet de Vries,Etienne B. Yehoue

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136163301

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 498

View: 8432

A public-private partnership (PPP) is a contractual arrangement with appropriate risk sharing between public and private partners for the delivery of public infrastructure or services, which is intended to create value-for-money to the taxpayer. The Routledge Companion to Public-Private Partnerships provides a cutting-edge survey of the field. PPPs remain a highly controversial subject matter globally and this comprehensive and authoritative volume provides a terrific compendium of information for students and scholars charged with understanding, critiquing and advancing this model. With sections devoted to legal aspects, institutional economics perspectives, finance and accountability - the editors draw together an impressive range of contributors from around the world.

Rethinking Public-Private Partnerships

Strategies for Turbulent Times

Author: Carsten Greve,Graeme Hodge

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136264566

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 5442

The global financial crisis hit the world in a remarkable way in late 2008. Many governments and private sector organizations, who had considered Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) to be their future, were forced to rethink their strategy in the wake of the crisis, as a lot of the available private funding upon which PPPs relied, was suddenly no longer available to the same extent. At the same time, governments and international organizations, like the European Union, were striving to make closer partnerships between the public sector and the private sector economy a hallmark for future policy initiatives. This book examines PPPs in the context of turbulent times following the global financial crisis (GFC). PPPs can come in many forms, and the book sets out to distinguish between the many alternative views of partnerships; a project, a policy, a symbol of the role of the private sector in a mixed economy, or a governance tool - all within a particular cultural and historical context. This book is about rethinking PPPs in the wake of the financial crisis and aims to give a clearer picture of the kind of conceptual frameworks that researchers might employ to now study PPPs. The crisis took much of the glamour out of PPPs, but theoretical advances have been made by researchers in a number of areas and this book examines selected new research approaches to the study of PPPs.

Public Private Partnerships for Infrastructure and Business Development

Principles, Practices, and Perspectives

Author: Stefano Caselli,Veronica Vecchi,Guido Corbetta

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137541482

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 1178

Public-Private Partnerships for Infrastructure and Business Funding is ideal for scholars and practitioners who work in the field of public policy design and implementation, finance and banking, and economic development.

Public/private Partnerships for Major League Sports Facilities

Author: Judith Grant Long

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415806933

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 222

View: 9331

This volume takes readers inside the high-stakes game of public-private partnerships for major league sports facilities, explaining why some cities made better deals than others, assessing the best practices and common pitfalls in deal structuring and facility leases, as well as highlighting important differences across markets, leagues, facility types, public actors, subsidy delivery mechanisms, and urban development aspirations. It concludes with speculations about the next round of facility replacement amidst rapid changes in broadcast technology, shrinking domestic audiences, and the globalization of sport.

Building Public-Private Partnerships in Food and Nutrition:

Workshop Summary

Author: Food Forum,Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309257360

Category: Medical

Page: 69

View: 3994

The leading challenges in public health--ranging from rising obesity rates to the fast-growing population of older adults--are complex and cannot be solved effectively by any one silver bullet or any one sector in isolation. Instead, their solutions require collaborative actions of many sectors, including industry, government, academia, and nongovernmental organizations. To better understand how to build multisectoral food and nutrition partnerships that achieve meaningful public health results, the IOM's Food Forum held a workshop on November 1-2, 2011, in Washington, D.C. The workshop brought together stakeholders from various sectors to discuss the benefits and risks of pursuing cross-sector partnerships, foster communication between sectors, and explore opportunities of mutual interest in food and nutrition that are most conducive for partnerships. Participants also discussed the perspectives of the various sectors, key features of successful partnerships, and what needs to be done to facilitate partnership development. This report, Building Public-Private Partnerships in Food and Nutrition: Workshop Summary, summarizes the workshop.

Purchase for Profit

Public-Private Partnerships and Canada's Public Health Care System

Author: Heather Whiteside

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442624647

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 224

View: 2514

Since the start of the twenty-first century, Canadian provinces have increasingly begun turning to the private sector to finance and construct large-scale infrastructure projects. From a critical public policy perspective, the danger of these public-private partnerships (P3s) is that they are more than just new ways to deliver public infrastructure. They are neoliberal projects that privatize and corporatize the basis of public services. Analyzing four Canadian P3 hospital projects, Heather Whiteside argues that P3s not only fail to fulfill the promises made by their proponents but also compromise public control of health policy, outcomes, and future plans. Yet, despite these disadvantages, the use of P3s is being normalized and expanded in BC and Ontario through capital planning frameworks and special government agencies that support and encourage P3 projects. Based on extensive interviews with academic experts, union representatives, provincial government decision-makers, and private sector partners, Purchase for Profit will be important for those studying public policy in any of the areas in which P3s are now being adopted.

Public-Private Partnerships in Physical Activity and Sport

Author: Norm O'Reilly,Michelle K. Brunette

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 1450421873

Category: Exercise

Page: 232

View: 5491

"Public-Private Partnerships in Physical Activity and Sport" is a guide for nonprofit, charity, and sport organizations in developing and maintaining strategic and responsible partnerships with corporate partners.

Public-Private Partnerships

Principles of Policy and Finance

Author: E. R. Yescombe

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080489575

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 5304

Over the last decade or so, private-sector financing through public-private partnerships (PPPs) has become increasingly popular around the world as a way of procuring and maintaining public-sector infrastructure, in sectors such as transportation (roads, bridges, tunnels, railways, ports, airports), social infrastructure (hospitals, schools, prisons, social housing) public utilities (water supply, waste water treatment, waste disposal), government offices and other accommodation, and other specialised services (communications networks or defence equipment). This book, based on the author's practical experience on the public- and private-sector sides of the table, reviews the key policy issues which arise for the public sector in considering whether to adopt the PPP procurement route, and the specific application of this policy approach in PPP contracts, comparing international practices in this respect. It offers a systematic and integrated approach to financing PPPs within this public-policy framework, and explains the project-finance techniques used for this purpose. The book deals with both the Concession and PFI models of PPP, and provides a structured introduction for those who are new to the subject, whether in the academic, public-sector, investment, finance or contracting fields, as well as an aide memoire for those developing PPP policies or negotiating PPPs. The author focuses on practical concepts, issues and techniques, and does not assume any prior knowledge of PPP policy issues or financing techniques. The book describes and explains: * The different types of PPPs and how these have developed * Why PPPs are attractive to governments * General policy issues for the public sector in developing a PPP programme * PPP procurement procedures and bid evaluation * The use of project-finance techniques for PPPs * Sources of funding * Typical PPP contracts and sub-contracts, and their relationship with the project’s financial structure * Risk assessment from the points of view of the public sector, investors, lenders and other project parties * Structuring the investment and debt financing * The key issues in negotiating a project-finance debt facility. In addition the book includes an extensive glossary, as well as cross-referencing. *Reviews the PPP policy framework and development from an international perspective *Covers public- and private-sector financial analysis, structuring and investment in PPPs *No prior knowledge of project financing required

Governance and Knowledge Management for Public-Private Partnerships

Author: Herbert Robinson,Patricia Carrillo,Chimay J. Anumba,Manju Patel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444318753

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 1588

"The book not only gives a clear picture of the policy and strategic framework of PFI/PPP projects, the governance and knowledge management issues through different phases from planning, design development to operation and service delivery and the processes associated with each phase, but practical tools, methodologies and capabilities needed to deliver PFI/PPP projects in a range of sectors are also explained. It clearly demonstrates the key imperatives that are the hallmark of successful programmes and projects no matter what there method of funding or delivery. I have no doubt that, in undertaking the programmes and projects that I am responsible for delivering and in undertaking OGC Gateway Reviews, to support clients delivering their own programmes and projects, I will draw on the material contained in this book." —From the Foreword by Rob Smith, Director of Gateway Reviews and Estates & Facilities, Department of Health There is a growing demand worldwide for transport, healthcare, education, energy and water infrastructure. However, government resources are often insufficient to meet the needs of new projects and to upgrade existing infrastructure. Private participation in public infrastructure is therefore increasing but the respective roles of the public and private sectors are the subject of intense debate. This has led to renewed interest in public-private partnerships in developed and developing countries. Governance and Knowledge Management for Public-Private Partnerships shows how effective governance and knowledge management can improve the performance of PFI/PPP projects. It provides an in-depth understanding of different dimensions of governance and how they affect project management structure, processes, and decision-making ability of actors and teams involved in PFI/PPP projects. The role of knowledge management strategy, the need for benchmarking knowledge management efforts, specific tools and methodologies for capturing, sharing and applying knowledge to accelerate learning and capacity building are also examined. The book is essential reading for all those involved in PFI/PPP projects, including policy makers, industry practitioners, academics and students. The practical tools for governance and knowledge management it offers make this book particularly useful for consultants, contractors and client organisations.

Public/Private Partnerships for Local Governments

Author: Oliver W. Porter

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1434398374

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 2448

Four new cities have been created in Georgia in the past three years. The author was responsible for the implementation of Sandy Springs, the first new city to be incorporated in Georgia in fifty years. His previous book, Creating the New City of Sandy Springs, was published to serve as a guide for other communities considering incorporation. The book introduced the concept of a broadly based Public/Private partnership. Subsequently, the author served in an advisory role to the other three new cities, all of which adopted the Public/private partnership model. A fifth new city that the author is advising is expected to be formed late in 2008. It too, is moving toward the adoption of the model. The record of success in these cities is outlined in this new book. Success is defined as the provision of more efficient government services and providing the maximum level of responsiveness to the citizens. Based on the experience of these new cities, this book strongly urges that existing cities which have followed the traditional organizational structure, for too long, give strong consideration to converting their services to the Public/Private partnership model. The Public/Private partnership model is gaining interest on a national level and recently has attracted international interest. The author was invited to participate in a number of large symposia and meetings in Japan with government, business and academic leaders, to explain the model, and its benefits. Traditional methods of providing local government services have in many cases resulted in levels of bureaucracy and waste that are unacceptable. It is time that elected officials consider new and better methods. The Public/Privatepartnership model as described in this, and the authors first book, provides a roadmap for introducing improved government services that should be studied by all local officials.

Public-Private Partnership Projects in Infrastructure

An Essential Guide for Policy Makers

Author: Jeffrey Delmon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107194830

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 3168

Guides policy makers through implementation of public-private partnerships, legal frameworks, institutional arrangements, and mobilizing public and private finance.

Hidden Hunger

Malnutrition and the First 1,000 Days of Life: Causes, Consequences and Solutions

Author: H.K. Biesalski,R.E. Black,B. Koletzko

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3318056855

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 244

View: 7945

Malnutrition caused by deficiencies of vitamins and minerals - also called hidden hunger - impairs both the intellectual and physical development of a child. Due to the absence of clinical symptoms and assessments, no intervention can be staged. The tragedy is that this, in turn, decreases the child’s chance to escape from poverty. This book looks at malnutrition in high-income countries, the nutrition transition and nutritional deficiencies in low-income countries, consequences of hidden hunger, and interventions to improve nutrition security. Written by leading experts in the field, it clearly stresses that national governments and international organizations must make malnutrition one of their top priorities in order to provide children with optimal conditions for a healthy future.

Democracy and Public-Private Partnerships in Global Governance

Author: M. Bexell,U. Mörth

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230283233

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 3968

There has been rapid proliferation of public–private partnerships in areas of human rights, environmental protection and development in global governance. This book demonstrates how different forms of partnership legitimacy and accountability interact, and pinpoints trade-offs between democratic values in partnership operations.

Exploring Shared Value in Global Health and Safety

Workshop Summary

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Global Health,Forum on Public-Private Partnerships for Global Health and Safety

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309442532

Category: Medical

Page: 156

View: 9021

Companies today are operating in a more complex and competitive environment where traditional models for doing business are no longer sufficient and expectations of business are growing both internally and externally. Many companies have long and robust histories of contributing to their communities as well as to more global societal needs, but this has been done primarily and historically through philanthropy and more traditional corporate social responsibility. However, companies are increasingly seeking greater alignment of these activities with their business interests in order to increase their value proposition. These same companies are also under increased pressure to build their business in a sustainable manner through innovative approaches. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to explore the concept of shared value for global health and safety stakeholders in both the public and private sectors; roles, responsibilities, incentives, and opportunities for different stakeholders engaging in global health and safety initiatives in low- and middle-income countries; and the potential of partnerships and collaboration for improved outcomes for all stakeholders, including the communities they serve. Participants considered potential opportunities for creating shared value for all organizations, specifically the creation and impact of shared value through an organization’s core products and services, through employee health and wellness programs, and through community or population health investments. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Managing Disasters through Public–Private Partnerships

Author: Ami J. Abou-bakr

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1589019512

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 2194

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, generated a great deal of discussion in public policy and disaster management circles about the importance of increasing national resilience to rebound from catastrophic events. Since the majority of physical and virtual networks that the United States relies upon are owned and operated by the private sector, a consensus has emerged that public-private partnerships (PPPs) are a crucial aspect of an effective resilience strategy. Significant barriers to cooperation persist, however, despite acknowledgment that public–private collaboration for managing disasters would be mutually beneficial. Managing Disasters through Public–Private Partnerships constitutes the first in-depth exploration of PPPs as tools of disaster mitigation, preparedness, response, and resilience in the United States. The author assesses the viability of PPPs at the federal level and explains why attempts to develop these partnerships have largely fallen short. The book assesses the recent history and current state of PPPs in the United States, with particular emphasis on the lessons of 9/11 and Katrina, and discusses two of the most significant PPPs in US history, the Federal Reserve System and the War Industries Board from World War I. The author develops two original frameworks to compare different kinds of PPPs and analyzes the critical factors that make them successes or failures, pointing toward ways to improve collaboration in the future. This book should be of interest to researchers and students in public policy, public administration, disaster management, infrastructure protection, and security; practitioners who work on public–private partnerships; and corporate as well as government emergency management professionals and specialists.

Public-private Policy Partnerships

Author: Pauline Vaillancourt Rosenau

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262681148

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 6496

The first book to evaluate public-private partnerships in a broad range of policy areas.