Quantum Field Theory and Condensed Matter

An Introduction

Author: Ramamurti Shankar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108363989

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1028

Providing a broad review of many techniques and their application to condensed matter systems, this book begins with a review of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, before moving onto real and imaginary time path integrals and the link between Euclidean quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics. A detailed study of the Ising, gauge-Ising and XY models is included. The renormalization group is developed and applied to critical phenomena, Fermi liquid theory and the renormalization of field theories. Next, the book explores bosonization and its applications to one-dimensional fermionic systems and the correlation functions of homogeneous and random-bond Ising models. It concludes with Bohm–Pines and Chern–Simons theories applied to the quantum Hall effect. Introducing the reader to a variety of techniques, it opens up vast areas of condensed matter theory for both graduate students and researchers in theoretical, statistical and condensed matter physics.

Field Theories of Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Eduardo Fradkin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521764440

Category: Science

Page: 838

View: 1847

Presenting the physics of the most challenging problems in condensed matter using the conceptual framework of quantum field theory, this book is of great interest to physicists in condensed matter and high energy and string theorists, as well as mathematicians. Revised and updated, this second edition features new chapters on the renormalization group, the Luttinger liquid, gauge theory, topological fluids, topological insulators and quantum entanglement. The book begins with the basic concepts and tools, developing them gradually to bring readers to the issues currently faced at the frontiers of research, such as topological phases of matter, quantum and classical critical phenomena, quantum Hall effects and superconductors. Other topics covered include one-dimensional strongly correlated systems, quantum ordered and disordered phases, topological structures in condensed matter and in field theory and fractional statistics.

Condensed Matter Field Theory

Author: Alexander Altland,Ben D. Simons

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113948513X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4562

Modern experimental developments in condensed matter and ultracold atom physics present formidable challenges to theorists. This book provides a pedagogical introduction to quantum field theory in many-particle physics, emphasizing the applicability of the formalism to concrete problems. This second edition contains two new chapters developing path integral approaches to classical and quantum nonequilibrium phenomena. Other chapters cover a range of topics, from the introduction of many-body techniques and functional integration, to renormalization group methods, the theory of response functions, and topology. Conceptual aspects and formal methodology are emphasized, but the discussion focuses on practical experimental applications drawn largely from condensed matter physics and neighboring fields. Extended and challenging problems with fully worked solutions provide a bridge between formal manipulations and research-oriented thinking. Aimed at elevating graduate students to a level where they can engage in independent research, this book complements graduate level courses on many-particle theory.

Path Integral Methods in Quantum Field Theory

Author: R. J. Rivers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521368704

Category: Science

Page: 339

View: 2113

The applications of functional integral methods introduced in this text for solving a range of problems in quantum field theory will prove useful for students and researchers in theoretical physics and quantum field theory.

Quantum Field Theory in Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Alexei M. Tsvelik

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139440500

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7390

This book is a course in modern quantum field theory as seen through the eyes of a theorist working in condensed matter physics. It contains a gentle introduction to the subject and therefore can be used even by graduate students. The introductory parts include a derivation of the path integral representation, Feynman diagrams and elements of the theory of metals including a discussion of Landau–Fermi liquid theory. In later chapters the discussion gradually turns to more advanced methods used in the theory of strongly correlated systems. The book contains a thorough exposition of such non-perturbative techniques as 1/N-expansion, bosonization (Abelian and non-Abelian), conformal field theory and theory of integrable systems. The book is intended for graduate students, postdoctoral associates and independent researchers working in condensed matter physics.

Quantum Field Theory in Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Naoto Nagaosa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662037742

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 9375

This is an approachable introduction to the important topics and recent developments in the field of condensed matter physics. First, the general language of quantum field theory is developed in a way appropriate for dealing with systems having a large number of degrees of freedom. This paves the way for a description of the basic processes in such systems. Applications include various aspects of superfluidity and superconductivity, as well as a detailed description of the fractional quantum Hall liquid.

A Quantum Approach to Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Philip L. Taylor,Philip Liddon Taylor,Olle Heinonen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521778275

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 6110

A self-contained introductory text on the theory underlying the properties of solids and quantum liquids.

Feynman Diagram Techniques in Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Radi A. Jishi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107025176

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 5264

An introduction to the application of Feynman diagram techniques for researchers and advanced undergraduate students in condensed matter theory and many-body physics.

Lecture Notes on Field Theory in Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Christopher Mudry

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814449121

Category: Science

Page: 744

View: 5145

The aim of this book is to introduce a graduate student to selected concepts in condensed matter physics for which the language of field theory is ideally suited. The examples considered in this book are those of superfluidity for weakly interacting bosons, collinear magnetism, and superconductivity. Quantum phase transitions are also treated in the context of quantum dissipative junctions and interacting fermions constrained to one-dimensional position space. The style of presentation is sufficiently detailed and comprehensive that it only presumes familiarity with undergraduate physics.

Scaling and Renormalization in Statistical Physics

Author: John Cardy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521499590

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 1648

A thoroughly modern graduate-level introduction to the theory of critical behaviour. Covers phase transitions, mean field theory, phase diagrams, fixed points, cross-over behaviour, finite-size scaling, a simple approach to the epsilon expansion, low-dimensional systems, surface critical behaviour, random systems, percolation, polymer statistics, critical dynamics and conformal symmetry. Includes many problems.

Quantum Field Theory of Non-equilibrium States

Author: Jørgen Rammer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139465015

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4892

Quantum field theory is the application of quantum mechanics to systems with infinitely many degrees of freedom. This 2007 textbook presents quantum field theoretical applications to systems out of equilibrium. It introduces the real-time approach to non-equilibrium statistical mechanics and the quantum field theory of non-equilibrium states in general. It offers two ways of learning how to study non-equilibrium states of many-body systems: the mathematical canonical way and an easy intuitive way using Feynman diagrams. The latter provides an easy introduction to the powerful functional methods of field theory, and the use of Feynman diagrams to study classical stochastic dynamics is considered in detail. The developed real-time technique is applied to study numerous phenomena in many-body systems. Complete with numerous exercises to aid self-study, this textbook is suitable for graduate students in statistical mechanics and condensed matter physics.

Ultracold Quantum Fields

Author: Henk T. C. Stoof,Dennis B. M. Dickerscheid,Koos Gubbels

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402087632

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 485

View: 8357

On June 19th 1999, the European Ministers of Education signed the Bologna Dec laration, with which they agreed that the European university education should be uniformized throughout Europe and based on the two cycle bachelor master’s sys tem. The Institute for Theoretical Physics at Utrecht University quickly responded to this new challenge and created an international master’s programme in Theoret ical Physics which started running in the summer of 2000. At present, the master’s programme is a so called prestige master at Utrecht University, and it aims at train ing motivated students to become sophisticated researchers in theoretical physics. The programme is built on the philosophy that modern theoretical physics is guided by universal principles that can be applied to any sub?eld of physics. As a result, the basis of the master’s programme consists of the obligatory courses Statistical Field Theory and Quantum Field Theory. These focus in particular on the general concepts of quantum ?eld theory, rather than on the wide variety of possible applica tions. These applications are left to optional courses that build upon the ?rm concep tual basis given in the obligatory courses. The subjects of these optional courses in clude, for instance, Strongly Correlated Electrons, Spintronics, Bose Einstein Con densation, The Standard Model, Cosmology, and String Theory.

Quantum Field Theory Approach to Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Eduardo C. Marino

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107074118

Category: Science

Page: 548

View: 4141

Independent electrons and static crystals -- Vibrating crystals -- Interacting electrons -- Interactions in action -- Functional formulation of quantum field theory -- Quantum fields in action -- Symmetries: explicit or secret -- Classical topological excitations -- Quantum topological excitations -- Duality, bosonization and generalized statistics -- Statistical transmutation -- Pseudo quantum electrodynamics -- Quantum field theory methods in condensed matter -- Metals, Fermi liquids, Mott and Anderson insulators -- The dynamics of polarons -- Polyacetylene -- The Kondo effect -- Quantum magnets in 1D: Fermionization, bosonization, Coulomb gases and 'all that' -- Quantum magnets in 2D: nonlinear sigma model, CP1 and 'all that' -- The spin-fermion system: a quantum field theory approach -- The spin glass -- Quantum field theory approach to superfluidity -- Quantum field theory approach to superconductivity -- The cuprate high-temperature superconductors -- The pnictides: iron based superconductors -- The quantum Hall effect -- Graphene -- Silicene and transition metal dichalcogenides -- Topological insulators -- Non-abelian statistics and quantum computation

Quantum Field Theory of Many-Body Systems

From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons

Author: Xiao-Gang Wen

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198530943

Category: Science

Page: 505

View: 9791

This book is a pedagogical and systematic introduction to new concepts and quantum field theoretical methods in condensed matter physics, which may have an impact on our understanding of the origin of light, electrons and other elementary particles in the universe. Emphasis is on clear physical principles, while at the same time bringing students to the fore of today's research.

Symmetry and Condensed Matter Physics

A Computational Approach

Author: M. El-Batanouny,F. Wooten

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139469517

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4776

Unlike existing texts, this book blends for the first time three topics in physics - symmetry, condensed matter physics and computational methods - into one pedagogical textbook. It includes new concepts in mathematical crystallography; experimental methods capitalizing on symmetry aspects; non-conventional applications such as Fourier crystallography, color groups, quasicrystals and incommensurate systems; as well as concepts and techniques behind the Landau theory of phase transitions. Adopting a computational approach to the application of group theoretical techniques to solving symmetry related problems, it dramatically alleviates the need for intensive calculations usually found in the presentation of symmetry. Writing computer programs helps the student achieve a firm understanding of the underlying concepts, and sample programs, based on Mathematica, are presented throughout the book. Containing over 150 exercises, this textbook is ideal for graduate students in condensed matter physics, materials science, and chemistry. Solutions and computer programs are available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521828451.

String Theory Methods for Condensed Matter Physics

Author: Horatiu Nastase

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107180384

Category: Science

Page: 700

View: 3370

The discovery of a duality between Anti-de Sitter spaces (AdS) and Conformal Field Theories (CFT) has led to major advances in our understanding of quantum field theory and quantum gravity. String theory methods and AdS/CFT correspondence maps provide new ways to think about difficult condensed matter problems. String theory methods based on the AdS/CFT correspondence allow us to transform problems so they have weak interactions and can be solved more easily. They can also help map problems to different descriptions, for instance mapping the description of a fluid using the Navier-Stokes equations to the description of an event horizon of a black hole using Einstein's equations. This textbook covers the applications of string theory methods and the mathematics of AdS/CFT to areas of condensed matter physics. Bridging the gap between string theory and condensed matter, this is a valuable textbook for students and researchers in both fields.

Introduction to Many-Body Physics

Author: Piers Coleman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521864887

Category: Science

Page: 810

View: 2372

Explains the tools and concepts needed for a research-level understanding of the subject, for graduate students in condensed matter physics.

Many-Body Quantum Theory in Condensed Matter Physics

An Introduction

Author: Henrik Bruus,Karsten Flensberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198566336

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 5728

The book is an introduction to quantum field theory applied to condensed matter physics. The topics cover modern applications in electron systems and electronic properties of mesoscopic systems and nanosystems. The textbook is developed for a graduate or advanced undergraduate course with exercises which aim at giving students the ability to confront real problems.

A Guide to Feynman Diagrams in the Many-Body Problem

Second Edition

Author: Richard D. Mattuck

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131645

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 1732

Superb introduction for nonspecialists covers Feynman diagrams, quasi particles, Fermi systems at finite temperature, superconductivity, vacuum amplitude, Dyson's equation, ladder approximation, and more. "A great delight." — Physics Today. 1974 edition.

Basic Training in Mathematics

A Fitness Program for Science Students

Author: R. Shankar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1489967982

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 9779

Based on course material used by the author at Yale University, this practical text addresses the widening gap found between the mathematics required for upper-level courses in the physical sciences and the knowledge of incoming students. This superb book offers students an excellent opportunity to strengthen their mathematical skills by solving various problems in differential calculus. By covering material in its simplest form, students can look forward to a smooth entry into any course in the physical sciences.