Quantum Topology and Global Anomalies

Author: R A Baadhio

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814498777

Category: Science

Page: 284

View: 2557

Anomalies are ubiquitous features in quantum field theories. They can ruin the consistency of such theories and put significant restrictions on their viability, especially in dimensions higher than four. Global gauge and gravitational anomalies are to date, one of the scant powerful and probing tools available to physicists in the pursuit of uniqueness. This monograph is one of the very few that specializes in the study of global anomalies in quantum field theories. A discussion of various issues associated to three dimensional physics — the Chern–Simons–Witten theories — widen the scope of this book. Topics discussed here comprises: the ongoing quest for three-manifolds invariant, the role of the mapping class groups in (a) the detection and cancellation of global anomalies, (b) formulating three-manifolds invariant; the geometric quantization of Chern-Simons-Witten theories; deformation quantization; study of chiral and gravitational anomalies; anomalies and the Atiyah-Patodi-Singer Index theorem; exotic spheres; global gravitational anomalies in some six and ten dimensional supergravity and superstring theories, with an additional case study of Witten SU(2) Global Gauge Anomalies. In addition, five chapters lay out the mathematical basis for a thorough use of the topics above. One chapter focuses on the relationship between Teichmüller spaces, moduli spaces and mapping class groups. Another chapter is devoted to mapping class groups and arithmetic groups. Gauge theories on Riemann surfaces are studies in well over two chapters, the first one centered on the theory of bundles and the second on connections. Many readers will find this a useful book, especially theoretical physicists and mathematicians. The material presented here will be of interest to both the experts who will find complete, detailed and precise descriptions of important topics of current interest in mathematical physics, and to students and newcomers to the field, who will appreciate the vast amount of information provided here, especially on global anomalies. Contents:The Ongoing Quest for Three-Manifold InvariantsMapping Class Groups and 3-Manifold InvariantsTeichmüller Spaces and Mapping Class GroupsMapping Class Groups and Arithmetic GroupsWeil-Petersson Geometry of Teichmüller SpacesGauge Theories on Riemann Surfaces I: BundlesGauge Theories on Riemann Surfaces II: ConnectionsGeometric Quantization of Chern–Simons–Witten TheoriesDeformation QuantizationChiral and Gravitational AnomaliesAnomalies and the Index TheoremGlobal AnomaliesMapping Class Groups and Global AnomaliesExotic Spheres Readership: Mathematicians and physicists. keywords:

Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662453002

Category: Science

Page: 597

View: 1394

Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Mathematical Reviews

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 1315

Diverse Topics in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

Author: Roman W. Jackiw

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810216979

Category: Science

Page: 514

View: 1805

In this volume, topics are drawn from field theory, especially gauge field theory, as applied to particle, condensed matter and gravitational physics, and concern a variety of interesting subjects. These include geometricalDtopological effects in quantum theory, fractional charge, time travel, relativistic quantized fields in and out of thermal equilibrium and quantum modifications of symmetry in physical systems.Many readers will find this a useful volume, especially theoretical physicists and mathematicians. The material will be of interest to both the expert who will find well-presented novel and stimulating viewpoints of various subjects and the novice who will find complete, detailed and precise descriptions of important topics of current interest, in theoretical and mathematical physics.

Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750306065

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 6812

Differential geometry and topology have become essential tools for many theoretical physicists. In particular, they are indispensable in theoretical studies of condensed matter physics, gravity, and particle physics. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition introduces the ideas and techniques of differential geometry and topology at a level suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in these fields. The second edition of this popular and established text incorporates a number of changes designed to meet the needs of the reader and reflect the development of the subject. The book features a considerably expanded first chapter, reviewing aspects of path integral quantization and gauge theories. Chapter 2 introduces the mathematical concepts of maps, vector spaces, and topology. The following chapters focus on more elaborate concepts in geometry and topology and discuss the application of these concepts to liquid crystals, superfluid helium, general relativity, and bosonic string theory. Later chapters unify geometry and topology, exploring fiber bundles, characteristic classes, and index theorems. New to this second edition is the proof of the index theorem in terms of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. The final two chapters are devoted to the most fascinating applications of geometry and topology in contemporary physics, namely the study of anomalies in gauge field theories and the analysis of Polakov's bosonic string theory from the geometrical point of view. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition is an ideal introduction to differential geometry and topology for postgraduate students and researchers in theoretical and mathematical physics.

Anomalies in Quantum Field Theory

Author: Reinhold A. Bertlmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198507628

Category: Science

Page: 566

View: 807

An anomaly is the failure of classical symmetry to survive the process of quantization and regularization. The study of anomalies is the key to a deeper understanding of quantum field theory and has played an increasingly important role in the theory over the past 20 years. This text presents all the different aspects of the study of anomalies in an accessible and self-contained way. Much emphasis is now being placed on the formulation of the theory using the mathematical ideas of differential geometry and topology. This approach is followed here, and the derivations and calculations are given explicitly as an aid to students. Topics discussed include the relevant ideas from differential geometry and topology and the application of these paths (path integrals, differential forms, homotopy operators, etc.) to the study of anomalies. Chapters are devoted to abelian and nonabelian anomalies, consistent and covariant anomalies, and gravitational anomalies. The comprehensive overview of the theory presented in this book will be useful to both students and researchers.

Boulevard of Broken Symmetries

Effective Field Theories of Condensed Matter

Author: Adriaan M J Schakel

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813107197

Category: Science

Page: 412

View: 750

This textbook covers the main topics in contemporary condensed matter physics in a modern and unified way, using quantum field theory in the functional-integral approach. The book highlights symmetry aspects in acknowledging that much of the collective behaviors of condensed matter systems at low temperatures emerge above a nontrivial ground state, which spontaneously breaks the symmetry. The emphasis is on effective field theories which provide an efficient and powerful description that is valid at long wavelengths and low frequencies. In conjunction with the emphasis on effective theories, a modern approach towards renormalization is taken, whereby a wavenumber cut-off is introduced to set a scale beyond which the microscopic model under consideration ceases to be valid. The unique and innovative character of this presentation, free of historical constraints, allows for a compact and self-contained treatment of the main topics in contemporary condensed matter physics.

Quantum Field Theory

Competitive Models

Author: Bertfried Fauser,Jürgen Tolksdorf,Eberhard Zeidler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 376438736X

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 1460

The present volume emerged from the 3rd `Blaubeuren Workshop: Recent Developments in Quantum Field Theory', held in July 2007 at the Max Planck Institute of Mathematics in the Sciences in Leipzig/Germany. All of the contributions are committed to the idea of this workshop series: To bring together outstanding experts working in the field of mathematics and physics to discuss in an open atmosphere the fundamental questions at the frontier of theoretical physics.

Advanced Statistical Mechanics

Author: Barry M McCoy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199556636

Category: Computers

Page: 624

View: 1668

McCoy presents the advances made in statistical mechanics over the last 50 years, including mathematical theorems on order and phase transitions, numerical and series computations of phase diagrams and solutions for important solvable models such as Ising and 8 vortex.

Mathematical Aspects of String Theory

Author: S-T Yau

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814603783

Category: String models

Page: 664

View: 3099

Contents:Introduction to Quantum Field Theory, Path Integrals and String (B Hatfield)From Polyakov to Moduli (J Polchinski)Geometry of Quantum Strings (E D'Hoker & D H Phong)BRST Quantization and BRST Cohomology (N Marcus & A Sagnotti)Analytic Structure of Two-Dimensional Quantum Field Theories (P Nelson)Geometrical Meaning of Currents in String Theory (O Alvarez & P Windey)String Field Theory and the Geometry of Moduli Space (S Giddings)String Theory Without a Background Spacetime Geometry (G Horowitz)Holomorphic Curves on Manifolds of SU(3) Holonomy (E Witten)Vertex Operator Calculus (I Frenkel et al.)On Determinant Line Bundles (D Freed)h-Invariant and the Index (I Singer)Action Principles and Global Geometry (G Zuckerman)Introduction to Moduli Space of Curves (J Harris)Moduli Space of Punctured Surfaces (R Penner)Geometric Complex Coordinates for Teichmüller Space (A Marden)Asymptotics of the Selberg Zeta Function and the Polyakov Bosonic Integrand (S Wolpert)Super Riemann Surfaces (J Rabin)Divisors on Mg and the Cosmological Constant (M Chang & Z Ran)Severi Problem: A Post-Mortem (?) (Z Ran)Slope of Subvarieties of M15 (6 2/3 ≤ S15 ≤ 6 3/4) (M Chang & Z Ran)Arithmetic Intersections (G Faltings)Deformation Theory for Cohomology of Analytic Vector Bundles on Kähler Manifolds (M Green & R Lazarsfeld)Topology and Geometry in Superstring-Inspired Phenomenology (B Greene et al.)Yukawa Couplings between (2, 1)-Forms (P Candelas)Three-Dimensional Algebraic Maniforlds with C1=0 and x=-6 (G Tian & S T Yau)Hermitian-Yang-Mills Connection on Non-Kähler Manifolds (J Li & S T Yau)Existence of Kähler-Einstein Metrics on Complete Kähler Manifolds (G Tian & S T Yau)Smoothness of the Universal Deformation Space of Compact Calabi-Yau Manifolds and its Peterson-Weil Metric (G Tian)Critical Phenomena (S Shenker) Readership: Mathematical and high energy physicists. Keywords:String Theory;Proceedings;Conference;San Diego/California

Differential Geometry for Physicists

Author: Bo-Yu Hou,Bo-Yuan Hou

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813105097

Category: Mathematics

Page: 560

View: 4803

This book is divided into fourteen chapters, with 18 appendices as introduction to prerequisite topological and algebraic knowledge, etc. The first seven chapters focus on local analysis. This part can be used as a fundamental textbook for graduate students of theoretical physics. Chapters 8–10 discuss geometry on fibre bundles, which facilitates further reference for researchers. The last four chapters deal with the Atiyah-Singer index theorem, its generalization and its application, quantum anomaly, cohomology field theory and noncommutative geometry, giving the reader a glimpse of the frontier of current research in theoretical physics.

Geometric Phases in Physics

Author: F Wilczek,A Shapere

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981450758X

Category:

Page: 528

View: 8787

During the last few years, considerable interest has been focused on the phase that waves accumulate when the equations governing the waves vary slowly. The recent flurry of activity was set off by a paper by Michael Berry, where it was found that the adiabatic evolution of energy eigenfunctions in quantum mechanics contains a phase of geometric origin (now known as ‘Berry's phase’) in addition to the usual dynamical phase derived from Schrödinger's equation. This observation, though basically elementary, seems to be quite profound. Phases with similar mathematical origins have been identified and found to be important in a startling variety of physical contexts, ranging from nuclear magnetic resonance and low-Reynolds number hydrodynamics to quantum field theory. This volume is a collection of original papers and reprints, with commentary, on the subject. Contents:Introduction and OverviewAnticipationsFoundationsSome Applications and TestsFractional StatisticsQuantized Hall EffectWess-Zumino Terms and AnomaliesClassical SystemsAsymptotics Readership: Mathematical, high energy and condensed matter physicists.

New Technical Books

Author: New York Public Library

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 5118

Physics Briefs

Physikalische Berichte

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Physics

Page: N.A

View: 1595

Topological Insulators

Dirac Equation in Condensed Matter

Author: Shun-Qing Shen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811046069

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 266

View: 8501

This new edition presents a unified description of these insulators from one to three dimensions based on the modified Dirac equation. It derives a series of solutions of the bound states near the boundary, and describes the current status of these solutions. Readers are introduced to topological invariants and their applications to a variety of systems from one-dimensional polyacetylene, to two-dimensional quantum spin Hall effect and p-wave superconductors, three-dimensional topological insulators and superconductors or superfluids, and topological Weyl semimetals, helping them to better understand this fascinating field. To reflect research advances in topological insulators, several parts of the book have been updated for the second edition, including: Spin-Triplet Superconductors, Superconductivity in Doped Topological Insulators, Detection of Majorana Fermions and so on. In particular, the book features a new chapter on Weyl semimetals, a topic that has attracted considerable attention and has already become a new hotpot of research in the community.