Quantum Topology and Global Anomalies

Author: R A Baadhio

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814498777

Category: Science

Page: 284

View: 1758

Anomalies are ubiquitous features in quantum field theories. They can ruin the consistency of such theories and put significant restrictions on their viability, especially in dimensions higher than four. Global gauge and gravitational anomalies are to date, one of the scant powerful and probing tools available to physicists in the pursuit of uniqueness. This monograph is one of the very few that specializes in the study of global anomalies in quantum field theories. A discussion of various issues associated to three dimensional physics — the Chern–Simons–Witten theories — widen the scope of this book. Topics discussed here comprises: the ongoing quest for three-manifolds invariant, the role of the mapping class groups in (a) the detection and cancellation of global anomalies, (b) formulating three-manifolds invariant; the geometric quantization of Chern-Simons-Witten theories; deformation quantization; study of chiral and gravitational anomalies; anomalies and the Atiyah-Patodi-Singer Index theorem; exotic spheres; global gravitational anomalies in some six and ten dimensional supergravity and superstring theories, with an additional case study of Witten SU(2) Global Gauge Anomalies. In addition, five chapters lay out the mathematical basis for a thorough use of the topics above. One chapter focuses on the relationship between Teichmüller spaces, moduli spaces and mapping class groups. Another chapter is devoted to mapping class groups and arithmetic groups. Gauge theories on Riemann surfaces are studies in well over two chapters, the first one centered on the theory of bundles and the second on connections. Many readers will find this a useful book, especially theoretical physicists and mathematicians. The material presented here will be of interest to both the experts who will find complete, detailed and precise descriptions of important topics of current interest in mathematical physics, and to students and newcomers to the field, who will appreciate the vast amount of information provided here, especially on global anomalies. Contents:The Ongoing Quest for Three-Manifold InvariantsMapping Class Groups and 3-Manifold InvariantsTeichmüller Spaces and Mapping Class GroupsMapping Class Groups and Arithmetic GroupsWeil-Petersson Geometry of Teichmüller SpacesGauge Theories on Riemann Surfaces I: BundlesGauge Theories on Riemann Surfaces II: ConnectionsGeometric Quantization of Chern–Simons–Witten TheoriesDeformation QuantizationChiral and Gravitational AnomaliesAnomalies and the Index TheoremGlobal AnomaliesMapping Class Groups and Global AnomaliesExotic Spheres Readership: Mathematicians and physicists. keywords:

Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750306065

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 2972

Differential geometry and topology have become essential tools for many theoretical physicists. In particular, they are indispensable in theoretical studies of condensed matter physics, gravity, and particle physics. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition introduces the ideas and techniques of differential geometry and topology at a level suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in these fields. The second edition of this popular and established text incorporates a number of changes designed to meet the needs of the reader and reflect the development of the subject. The book features a considerably expanded first chapter, reviewing aspects of path integral quantization and gauge theories. Chapter 2 introduces the mathematical concepts of maps, vector spaces, and topology. The following chapters focus on more elaborate concepts in geometry and topology and discuss the application of these concepts to liquid crystals, superfluid helium, general relativity, and bosonic string theory. Later chapters unify geometry and topology, exploring fiber bundles, characteristic classes, and index theorems. New to this second edition is the proof of the index theorem in terms of supersymmetric quantum mechanics. The final two chapters are devoted to the most fascinating applications of geometry and topology in contemporary physics, namely the study of anomalies in gauge field theories and the analysis of Polakov's bosonic string theory from the geometrical point of view. Geometry, Topology and Physics, Second Edition is an ideal introduction to differential geometry and topology for postgraduate students and researchers in theoretical and mathematical physics.

Many-Body Physics, Topology and Geometry

Author: Siddhartha Sen,Kumar Sankar Gupta

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981467818X

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 6409

The book explains concepts and ideas of mathematics and physics that are relevant for advanced students and researchers of condensed matter physics. With this aim, a brief intuitive introduction to many-body theory is given as a powerful qualitative tool for understanding complex systems. The important emergent concept of a quasiparticle is then introduced as a way to reduce a many-body problem to a single particle quantum problem. Examples of quasiparticles in graphene, superconductors, superfluids and in a topological insulator on a superconductor are discussed. The mathematical idea of self-adjoint extension, which allows short distance information to be included in an effective long distance theory through boundary conditions, is introduced through simple examples and then applied extensively to analyse and predict new physical consequences for graphene. The mathematical discipline of topology is introduced in an intuitive way and is then combined with the methods of differential geometry to show how the emergence of gapless states can be understood. Practical ways of carrying out topological calculations are described. Contents:OverviewMany-Body TheoryTopology and GeometryBoundary Conditions and Self-Adjoint ExtensionsElectronic Properties of Graphene Readership: Graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. Key Features:Topics are of current interest, e.g. graphene, topological insulators, Majorana fermionsIs self-contained and provides all the background material necessary to understand the physical or mathematical concepts discussedPractical ways of using topology, self-adjoint extensions as well as ways of making qualitative estimates in physics are explained and then illustrated by examplesKeywords:Condensed Matter Physics;Topology;Differential Geometry;Many-Body Problem;Graphene;Self-Adjoint Extensions;K-Theory;Quasiparticles;Superconductivity;Superfluidity;Topological Insulator;Mathematical Physics

Differential Geometry for Physicists

Author: Bo-Yu Hou,Bo-Yuan Hou

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813105097

Category: Mathematics

Page: 560

View: 4300

This book is divided into fourteen chapters, with 18 appendices as introduction to prerequisite topological and algebraic knowledge, etc. The first seven chapters focus on local analysis. This part can be used as a fundamental textbook for graduate students of theoretical physics. Chapters 8–10 discuss geometry on fibre bundles, which facilitates further reference for researchers. The last four chapters deal with the Atiyah-Singer index theorem, its generalization and its application, quantum anomaly, cohomology field theory and noncommutative geometry, giving the reader a glimpse of the frontier of current research in theoretical physics.

Anomalies in Quantum Field Theory

Author: Reinhold A. Bertlmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198507628

Category: Science

Page: 566

View: 4930

An anomaly is the failure of classical symmetry to survive the process of quantization and regularization. The study of anomalies is the key to a deeper understanding of quantum field theory and has played an increasingly important role in the theory over the past 20 years. This text presents all the different aspects of the study of anomalies in an accessible and self-contained way. Much emphasis is now being placed on the formulation of the theory using the mathematical ideas of differential geometry and topology. This approach is followed here, and the derivations and calculations are given explicitly as an aid to students. Topics discussed include the relevant ideas from differential geometry and topology and the application of these paths (path integrals, differential forms, homotopy operators, etc.) to the study of anomalies. Chapters are devoted to abelian and nonabelian anomalies, consistent and covariant anomalies, and gravitational anomalies. The comprehensive overview of the theory presented in this book will be useful to both students and researchers.

Mathematical Reviews

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 3876

Diverse Topics in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

Author: Roman W. Jackiw

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810216979

Category: Science

Page: 514

View: 8881

In this volume, topics are drawn from field theory, especially gauge field theory, as applied to particle, condensed matter and gravitational physics, and concern a variety of interesting subjects. These include geometricalDtopological effects in quantum theory, fractional charge, time travel, relativistic quantized fields in and out of thermal equilibrium and quantum modifications of symmetry in physical systems.Many readers will find this a useful volume, especially theoretical physicists and mathematicians. The material will be of interest to both the expert who will find well-presented novel and stimulating viewpoints of various subjects and the novice who will find complete, detailed and precise descriptions of important topics of current interest, in theoretical and mathematical physics.

40 Years in Mathematical Physics

Author: L D Faddeev

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814500704

Category: Science

Page: 484

View: 9805

This is a collection of Prof L D Faddeev's important lectures, papers and talks. Some of these have not been published before and some have, for the first time, been translated from Russian into English. The topics covered correspond to several distinctive and pioneering contributions of Prof Faddeev to modern mathematical physics: quantization of YangߝMills and Einstein gravitational fields, soliton theory, the many-dimensional inverse problem in potential scattering, the Hamiltonian approach to anomalies, and the theory of quantum integrable models. There are also two papers on more general aspects of the interrelations between physics and mathematics as well as an autobiographical essay. Contents:Perturbation Theory for Gauge-Invariant FieldsThe Feynman Integral for Singular LagrangiansCovariant Quantization of the Gravitational FieldQuantum Completely Integrable Models in Field TheoryFrom Integrable Models to Conformal Field Theory via Quantum GroupsHamiltonian Approach to the Theory of AnomaliesThe Energy Problem in Einstein's Theory of GravitationLagrangian Mechanics in Invariant FormEinstein and Several Contemporary Tendencies in the Theory of Elementary ParticlesA Mathematician's View of the Development of Physicsand other papers Readership: Mathematical physicists and mathematicians. keywords:Mathematical Physics;Theory of Gravitation “recommended to all interested in modern mathematical physics.” Mathematics Abstracts “I found this collection to be a very interesting one, and although it is not strictly a textbook or a monograph it can be a useful addition to one's library.” Mathematical Reviews

Algebraic Renormalization

Perturbative Renormalization, Symmetries and Anomalies

Author: Olivier Piguet,Silvio P. Sorella

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540491929

Category: Science

Page: 138

View: 6438

The idea of this book originated from two series of lectures given by us at the Physics Department of the Catholic University of Petr6polis, in Brazil. Its aim is to present an introduction to the "algebraic" method in the perturbative renormalization of relativistic quantum field theory. Although this approach goes back to the pioneering works of Symanzik in the early 1970s and was systematized by Becchi, Rouet and Stora as early as 1972-1974, its full value has not yet been widely appreciated by the practitioners of quantum field theory. Becchi, Rouet and Stora have, however, shown it to be a powerful tool for proving the renormalizability of theories with (broken) symmetries and of gauge theories. We have thus found it pertinent to collect in a self-contained manner the available information on algebraic renormalization, which was previously scattered in many original papers and in a few older review articles. Although we have taken care to adapt the level of this book to that of a po- graduate (Ph. D. ) course, more advanced researchers will also certainly find it useful. The deeper knowledge of renormalization theory we hope readers will acquire should help them to face the difficult problems of quantum field theory. It should also be very helpful to the more phenomenology oriented readers who want to famili- ize themselves with the formalism of renormalization theory, a necessity in view of the sophisticated perturbative calculations currently being done, in particular in the standard model of particle interactions.

Differential Geometry and Mathematical Physics

Part II. Fibre Bundles, Topology and Gauge Fields

Author: Gerd Rudolph,Matthias Schmidt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9402409599

Category: Science

Page: 830

View: 7636

The book is devoted to the study of the geometrical and topological structure of gauge theories. It consists of the following three building blocks:- Geometry and topology of fibre bundles,- Clifford algebras, spin structures and Dirac operators,- Gauge theory.Written in the style of a mathematical textbook, it combines a comprehensive presentation of the mathematical foundations with a discussion of a variety of advanced topics in gauge theory.The first building block includes a number of specific topics, like invariant connections, universal connections, H-structures and the Postnikov approximation of classifying spaces.Given the great importance of Dirac operators in gauge theory, a complete proof of the Atiyah-Singer Index Theorem is presented. The gauge theory part contains the study of Yang-Mills equations (including the theory of instantons and the classical stability analysis), the discussion of various models with matter fields (including magnetic monopoles, the Seiberg-Witten model and dimensional reduction) and the investigation of the structure of the gauge orbit space. The final chapter is devoted to elements of quantum gauge theory including the discussion of the Gribov problem, anomalies and the implementation of the non-generic gauge orbit strata in the framework of Hamiltonian lattice gauge theory.The book is addressed both to physicists and mathematicians. It is intended to be accessible to students starting from a graduate level.

Quantum Fields in Curved Space

Author: N. D. Birrell,P. C. W. Davies

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107392810

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2367

This book presents a comprehensive review of the subject of gravitational effects in quantum field theory. Although the treatment is general, special emphasis is given to the Hawking black hole evaporation effect, and to particle creation processes in the early universe. The last decade has witnessed a phenomenal growth in this subject. This is the first attempt to collect and unify the vast literature that has contributed to this development. All the major technical results are presented, and the theory is developed carefully from first principles. Here is everything that students or researchers will need to embark upon calculations involving quantum effects of gravity at the so-called one-loop approximation level.

Lorentzian wormholes

from Einstein to Hawking

Author: Matt Visser

Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 412

View: 6875

Quantum Topology

Author: Louis H. Kauffman,Randy A. Baadhio

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810225759

Category: Mathematics

Page: 375

View: 5421

This book constitutes a review volume on the relatively new subject of Quantum Topology. Quantum Topology has its inception in the 1984/1985 discoveries of new invariants of knots and links (Jones, Homfly and Kauffman polynomials). These invariants were rapidly connected with quantum groups and methods in statistical mechanics. This was followed by Edward Witten's introduction of methods of quantum field theory into the subject and the formulation by Witten and Michael Atiyah of the concept of topological quantum field theories.This book is a review volume of on-going research activity. The papers derive from talks given at the Special Session on Knot and Topological Quantum Field Theory of the American Mathematical Society held at Dayton, Ohio in the fall of 1992. The book consists of a self-contained article by Kauffman, entitled Introduction to Quantum Topology and eighteen research articles by participants in the special session.This book should provide a useful source of ideas and results for anyone interested in the interface between topology and quantum field theory.

Boulevard of Broken Symmetries

Effective Field Theories of Condensed Matter

Author: Adriaan M J Schakel

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813107197

Category: Science

Page: 412

View: 4164

This textbook covers the main topics in contemporary condensed matter physics in a modern and unified way, using quantum field theory in the functional-integral approach. The book highlights symmetry aspects in acknowledging that much of the collective behaviors of condensed matter systems at low temperatures emerge above a nontrivial ground state, which spontaneously breaks the symmetry. The emphasis is on effective field theories which provide an efficient and powerful description that is valid at long wavelengths and low frequencies. In conjunction with the emphasis on effective theories, a modern approach towards renormalization is taken, whereby a wavenumber cut-off is introduced to set a scale beyond which the microscopic model under consideration ceases to be valid. The unique and innovative character of this presentation, free of historical constraints, allows for a compact and self-contained treatment of the main topics in contemporary condensed matter physics.

Quantum Field Theory

Competitive Models

Author: Bertfried Fauser,Jürgen Tolksdorf,Eberhard Zeidler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 376438736X

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 6353

The present volume emerged from the 3rd `Blaubeuren Workshop: Recent Developments in Quantum Field Theory', held in July 2007 at the Max Planck Institute of Mathematics in the Sciences in Leipzig/Germany. All of the contributions are committed to the idea of this workshop series: To bring together outstanding experts working in the field of mathematics and physics to discuss in an open atmosphere the fundamental questions at the frontier of theoretical physics.

Geometric Phases in Physics

Author: F Wilczek,A Shapere

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981450758X

Category:

Page: 528

View: 2545

During the last few years, considerable interest has been focused on the phase that waves accumulate when the equations governing the waves vary slowly. The recent flurry of activity was set off by a paper by Michael Berry, where it was found that the adiabatic evolution of energy eigenfunctions in quantum mechanics contains a phase of geometric origin (now known as ‘Berry's phase’) in addition to the usual dynamical phase derived from Schrödinger's equation. This observation, though basically elementary, seems to be quite profound. Phases with similar mathematical origins have been identified and found to be important in a startling variety of physical contexts, ranging from nuclear magnetic resonance and low-Reynolds number hydrodynamics to quantum field theory. This volume is a collection of original papers and reprints, with commentary, on the subject. Contents:Introduction and OverviewAnticipationsFoundationsSome Applications and TestsFractional StatisticsQuantized Hall EffectWess-Zumino Terms and AnomaliesClassical SystemsAsymptotics Readership: Mathematical, high energy and condensed matter physicists.

Ludwig Faddeev Memorial Volume: A Life In Mathematical Physics

Author: Ge Mo-lin,Niemi Antti,Phua Kok Khoo

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813233877

Category: Science

Page: 636

View: 2602

Ludwig Faddeev is widely recognized as one of the titans of 20th century mathematical physics. His fundamental contributions to scattering theory, quantum gauge theories, and the theory of classical and quantum completely integrable systems played a key role in shaping modern mathematical physics. Ludwig Faddeev's major achievements include the solution of the three-body problem in quantum mechanics, the mathematical formulation of quantum gauge theories and corresponding Feynman rules, Hamiltonian and algebraic methods in mathematical physics, with applications to gauge theories with anomalies, quantum systems with constraints and solitons, the discovery of the algebraic structure of classical and quantum integrable systems and quantum groups, and solitons with the topology of knots. Faddeev's name is imprinted in many areas of mathematics and theoretical physics, including "Faddeev's equations" and "Faddeev's Green function" in scattering theory, "Faddeev-Popov ghosts" and "Faddeev-Popov determinant" in gauge theories, "Gardner-Faddeev-Zakharov bracket" for the KdV equation, "Faddeev-Zamolodchikov algebra" in quantum integrable systems, "Faddeev-Reshetikhin-Takhtajan construction" in the theory of quantum groups, knotted solitons in the "Skyrme-Faddeev model" and many others. Ludwig Faddeev founded the St. Petersburg school of modern mathematical physics and distinguished himself by serving the mathematics community for over three decades including his leadership of the International Mathematical Union in the period of 1986-1990. He was conferred numerous prizes and memberships of prestigious institutions in recognition of the importance of his work. These include the Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics, the Dirac Medal, the Max Planck Medal, the Shaw Prize and the Lomonosov Gold Medal among others. A gathering of contributions from some of the biggest names in mathematics and physics, this volume serves as a tribute to this legendary figure. Volume contributors include: Fields medalist Sir Michael Atiyah, Jürg Fröhlich, Roman Jackiw, Vladimir Korepin, Nikita Nekrasov, André Neveu, Alexander M Polyakov, Samson Shatashvili, Fedor Smirnov as well as Nobel laureates Frank Wilczek and C N Yang. "Ludwig and I had been good friends since the early 1970s. We had overlapping interests in several areas of physics. He was very powerful mathematically. I had written in several places that he should have shared the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics with 't Hooft and Veltman" C N Yang, Nobel Laureate in Physics 1997 in Seoul. Faddeev with Baxter and Yang. 2005 in Tsinghua University. Left to right: Faddeev, Yang, Niemi and Ge.

Equivariant Cohomology and Localization of Path Integrals

Author: Richard J. Szabo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540465502

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 1147

This book, addressing both researchers and graduate students, reviews equivariant localization techniques for the evaluation of Feynman path integrals. The author gives the relevant mathematical background in some detail, showing at the same time how localization ideas are related to classical integrability. The text explores the symmetries inherent in localizable models for assessing the applicability of localization formulae. Various applications from physics and mathematics are presented.

Advanced Statistical Mechanics

Author: Barry M McCoy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199556636

Category: Computers

Page: 624

View: 1260

McCoy presents the advances made in statistical mechanics over the last 50 years, including mathematical theorems on order and phase transitions, numerical and series computations of phase diagrams and solutions for important solvable models such as Ising and 8 vortex.