Questioning the Premedical Paradigm

Enhancing Diversity in the Medical Profession a Century after the Flexner Report

Author: Donald A. Barr

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801898402

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 5973

This historical and cultural analysis of premedical education in the United States is the crucial first step in questioning the appropriateness of continuing a hundred-year-old, empirically dubious pedagogical model for the twenty-first century.

Health Disparities in the United States

Social Class, Race, Ethnicity, and Health

Author: Donald A. Barr

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421414759

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 590

Explores how socioeconomic status, race and ethnicity interact with socioeconomic inequality to create and perpetuate health disparities.

Introduction to U.S. Health Policy

The Organization, Financing, and Delivery of Health Care in America

Author: Donald A. Barr

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421402181

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 355

View: 1771

This comprehensive analysis introduces the various organizations and institutions that make the U.S. health care system work-or fail to work, as the case may be. A principal message of the book is the seeming paradox of the quality of health care in this country-on the one hand it is the best medical care system in the world, on the other it is one of the worst among developed countries because of how it is organized.

Hemodynamics and Cardiology: Neonatology Questions and Controversies E-Book

Author: Charles S. Kleinman,Istvan Seri

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455733725

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 1309

Hemodynamics and Cardiology, a volume in Dr. Polin’s Neonatology: Questions and Controversies Series, offers expert authority on the toughest cardiovascular challenges you face in your practice. This medical reference book will help you provide better evidence-based care and improve patient outcomes with research on the latest advances. Reconsider how you handle difficult practice issues with coverage that addresses these topics head on and offers opinions from the leading experts in the field, supported by evidence whenever possible. Find information quickly and easily with a consistent chapter organization. Get the most authoritative advice available from world-class neonatologists who have the inside track on new trends and developments in neonatal care. Stay current in practice with coverage on issues such as the clinical implications of near-infrared spectroscopy in neonates, MRI imaging and neonatal hemodynamics, and hybrid management techniques for congenital heart disease.

Risk, Chance, and Causation

Investigating the Origins and Treatment of Disease

Author: Michael B. Bracken

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300188846

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 5458

DIVA noted clinical epidemiologist shows how evidence-based medicine can help us understand and assess news about health risks, cures, and treatment “breakthroughs.�/div

Teach Students How to Learn

Strategies You Can Incorporate Into Any Course to Improve Student Metacognition, Study Skills, and Motivation

Author: Saundra Yancy McGuire

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 1620363186

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 3320

Miriam, a freshman Calculus student at Louisiana State University, made 37.5% on her first exam but 83% and 93% on the next two. Matt, a first year General Chemistry student at the University of Utah, scored 65% and 55% on his first two exams and 95% on his third—These are representative of thousands of students who decisively improved their grades by acting on the advice described in this book. What is preventing your students from performing according to expectations? Saundra McGuire offers a simple but profound answer: If you teach students how to learn and give them simple, straightforward strategies to use, they can significantly increase their learning and performance. For over a decade Saundra McGuire has been acclaimed for her presentations and workshops on metacognition and student learning because the tools and strategies she shares have enabled faculty to facilitate dramatic improvements in student learning and success. This book encapsulates the model and ideas she has developed in the past fifteen years, ideas that are being adopted by an increasing number of faculty with considerable effect. The methods she proposes do not require restructuring courses or an inordinate amount of time to teach. They can often be accomplished in a single session, transforming students from memorizers and regurgitators to students who begin to think critically and take responsibility for their own learning. Saundra McGuire takes the reader sequentially through the ideas and strategies that students need to understand and implement. First, she demonstrates how introducing students to metacognition and Bloom’s Taxonomy reveals to them the importance of understanding how they learn and provides the lens through which they can view learning activities and measure their intellectual growth. Next, she presents a specific study system that can quickly empower students to maximize their learning. Then, she addresses the importance of dealing with emotion, attitudes, and motivation by suggesting ways to change students’ mindsets about ability and by providing a range of strategies to boost motivation and learning; finally, she offers guidance to faculty on partnering with campus learning centers. She pays particular attention to academically unprepared students, noting that the strategies she offers for this particular population are equally beneficial for all students. While stressing that there are many ways to teach effectively, and that readers can be flexible in picking and choosing among the strategies she presents, Saundra McGuire offers the reader a step-by-step process for delivering the key messages of the book to students in as little as 50 minutes. Free online supplements provide three slide sets and a sample video lecture. This book is written primarily for faculty but will be equally useful for TAs, tutors, and learning center professionals. For readers with no background in education or cognitive psychology, the book avoids jargon and esoteric theory.

Precepting Medical Students in the Office

Author: Paul M. Paulman,Jeffrey L. Susman,Cheryl A. Abboud

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801863660

Category: Medical

Page: 205

View: 7739

"Medical knowledge and training have evolved dramatically over the centuries, but the tradition of dedicated physicians sharing their knowledge, skills, experience, and wisdom with the next generation of young medical students is still vital. Much of today's medical training is of a technical nature, but in reality physicians are as much artists as technicians, and the art of medicine is a skill that cannot be learned in a classroom. As Hippocrates put it a long time ago, the doctor who despises the knowledge acquired by the ancients is foolish." —from the Foreword, by Stuart P. Embury, M.D. As medical education curricula continue to evolve, many medical schools are implementing programs that allow students to spend a portion of their time observing primary care physicians in their offices. Currently, more than 20,000 physicians are precepting medical students in this way, and the number will grow as more and more educational programs attempt to move medical student experiences into the community. In Precepting Medical Students in the Office, Paul M. Paulman, M.D., Jeffrey L. Susman, M.D., and Cheryl A. Abboud, M.P.A., bring together experts in the field of family medicine to provide a how-to guide to educating medical students in the patient-care setting. The contributors cover subjects that range from defining the scope of preceptorship to managing the costs, working with medical schools and local hospitals, integrating the student into the practice, providing feedback, problem learners, and teaching styles. Section topics: Introduction to Community-Based Precepting • Characteristics and Needs of Learners • Clinical Teaching • Organization of the Preceptorship Curriculum • Relationships to Medical Schools and Other Agencies • Legal and Ethical Aspects of Precepting • Faculty Benefits and Resources

Medical Apartheid

The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present

Author: Harriet A. Washington

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 9780767929394

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 2239

From the era of slavery to the present day, the first full history of black America’s shocking mistreatment as unwilling and unwitting experimental subjects at the hands of the medical establishment. Medical Apartheid is the first and only comprehensive history of medical experimentation on African Americans. Starting with the earliest encounters between black Americans and Western medical researchers and the racist pseudoscience that resulted, it details the ways both slaves and freedmen were used in hospitals for experiments conducted without their knowledge—a tradition that continues today within some black populations. It reveals how blacks have historically been prey to grave-robbing as well as unauthorized autopsies and dissections. Moving into the twentieth century, it shows how the pseudoscience of eugenics and social Darwinism was used to justify experimental exploitation and shoddy medical treatment of blacks, and the view that they were biologically inferior, oversexed, and unfit for adult responsibilities. Shocking new details about the government’s notorious Tuskegee experiment are revealed, as are similar, less-well-known medical atrocities conducted by the government, the armed forces, prisons, and private institutions. The product of years of prodigious research into medical journals and experimental reports long undisturbed, Medical Apartheid reveals the hidden underbelly of scientific research and makes possible, for the first time, an understanding of the roots of the African American health deficit. At last, it provides the fullest possible context for comprehending the behavioral fallout that has caused black Americans to view researchers—and indeed the whole medical establishment—with such deep distrust. No one concerned with issues of public health and racial justice can afford not to read Medical Apartheid, a masterful book that will stir up both controversy and long-needed debate.

Teaching during rounds

a handbook for attending physicians and residents

Author: Donn Weinholtz,Janine C. Edwards

Publisher: Johns Hopkins Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780801843518

Category: Medical

Page: 127

View: 3055

Teaching during Rounds is a compact, practical handbook designed to help attending physicians and residents improve their teaching skills, specifically in the context of medical rounds. Donn Weinholtz and Janine Edwards focus on the types of rounds usually encountered on inpatient services in departments of internal medicine or pediatrics, but the general principles they elaborate may be applied elsewhere. Weinholtz and Edwards begin by presenting the different groups of people who may participate in rounds: medical students, interns, residents, attending physicians, and others. They then address the orientation process and the need to allocate time for teaching. They discuss methods of teaching in the conference room as well as at the bedside. And they stress the importance of providing constructive feedback and involving other health professionals in the educational process. Throughout the book, Weinholtz and Edwards illustrate their points with concrete examples and real-life anecdotes, largely taken from their own research. Teaching during Rounds is an important book for attending physicians and residents as well as for all with an interest in medical education.

Research Design

Quantitative, Qualitative, Mixed Methods, Arts-Based, and Community-Based Participatory Research Approaches

Author: Patricia Leavy

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 146253001X

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 7931

This user-friendly book provides a step-by-step guide to using the five major approaches to research design: quantitative, qualitative, mixed methods, arts-based, and community-based participatory research. Chapters on each approach follow a unique format--they present a template for a research proposal and explain in detail how to conceptualize and fill in every section. Terminology commonly used within each approach is identified, and key moments of ethical decision making are flagged. Interdisciplinary research examples draw on current events and social justice topics. Unique coverage includes hot topics: replication studies and data sharing, tailoring proposals to different audiences, and more. The book also includes a general introduction to social research; an in-depth, practical discussion of ethics; and a chapter on how to begin a research study, from planning a topic to developing a research question via a literature review. Pedagogical Features *Multiple "Review Stops" in each chapter--quick quizzes with answer keys. *End-of-chapter writing exercises, research activities, and suggested resources. *Bold-face key terms and an end-of-book glossary. *Boxed tips from experts in the respective approaches. *Supplemental PowerPoint slides for instructors using the book in a class. Winner (Third Place)--American Journal of Nursing Book of the Year Award, Nursing Research Category

Advanced Pre-Med Studies (Teacher Guide)

Author: Gary Parker,Alan Gillen,John Hudson Tiner

Publisher: New Leaf Publishing Group

ISBN: 1683440048

Category: Study Aids

Page: 237

View: 4216

The vital resource for grading all assignments from the Advanced Pre-Med Studies course, which includes: The fascinating history of medicine, providing students with a healthy dose of facts, mini-biographies, and vintage illustrationsInsight into how germs are symptomatic of the literal Fall and Curse of creation as a result of man's sin and the hope we have in the coming of Jesus Christ. OVERVIEW: From surgery to vaccines, man has made great strides in the field of medicine. Quality of life has improved dramatically in the last few decades alone, and the future is bright. But students must not forget that God provided humans with minds and resources to bring about these advances. A biblical perspective of healing and the use of medicine provides the best foundation for treating diseases and injury. The evolutionary worldview can be found filtered through every topic at every age level in our society. It has become the overwhelmingly accepted paradigm for the origins of life as taught in all secular institutions. This dynamic course helps young people not only learn science from a biblical perspective, but also helps them know how to defend their faith in the process. FEATURES: The calendar provides lesson planning with clear objectives, and the worksheets and quizzes are all based on the materials provided for the course.

Naturally Healthy Babies and Children

A Commonsense Guide to Herbal Remedies, Nutrition, and Health

Author: Aviva Jill Romm, M.D.,Jill Aviva Romm

Publisher: Random House Digital, Inc.

ISBN: 1587611929

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 448

View: 5468

Committed to finding natural ways to care for their children, many parents seek techniques that do not require the invasive procedures and medications often associated with Western medicine. In NATURALLY HEALTHY BABIES AND CHILDREN, midwife and herbalist Aviva Romm offers a comprehensive handbook that addresses the common health issues of children, from newborns to preadolescents. Aviva'¬?s whole-child approach integrates herbal remedies, nutrition, hygiene, and alternative health techniques with supportive, informed parenting. From anemia to whooping cough, each entry includes herbal, dietary, and general recommendations, including tips on when to pursue professional medical care. NATURALLY HEALTHY BABIES AND CHILDREN is indispensable reading for families seeking safe, effective ways to practice healing techniques at home.

New Paradigms for College Teaching

Author: William E. Campbell,Karl A. Smith

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Active learning

Page: 281

View: 849

Outlines new ways to help students learn covering a variety of methodologies.

Learner-Centered Teaching

Five Key Changes to Practice

Author: Maryellen Weimer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118416163

Category: Education

Page: 304

View: 4425

Praise for Maryellen Weimer's Inspired College Teaching "The thoughtfulness, personalization, and consideration Maryellen Weimer demonstrates in discussing the experience of faculty members, her ability to identify issues that are shared and solvable, and her suggestions and solutions to commonly experienced stressors and difficulties in college teaching are major strengths of this volume. . . . In a way, it is a 'workshop between book covers'—or perhaps several workshops!" —Laura L. B. Border, director, Graduate Teacher Program and Collaborative Preparing Future Faculty Network, University of Colorado at Boulder "A book by Maryellen Weimer always displays her wonderful grasp of the literature on college teaching and learning, her ability to tell good stories, and her wit and wisdom. This one is no exception." —Nancy Van Note Chism, professor, Indiana University School of Education, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis Praise for Enhancing Scholarly Work on Teaching and Learning "In her characteristically research-based, direct, and practical style, Maryellen Weimer provides a much-needed guide, critique, and road map of the scholarship of teaching and learning. Weimer's new book will be of use to teachers, researchers, and administrators alike and nicely complements her Learner-Centered Teaching and Classroom Research, by Cross and Steadman." —Thomas A. Angelo, director, University Teaching Development Centre, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand "Yet again, Maryellen Weimer has made a perfectly timed contribution to the pursuit of excellence in teaching and learning. Enhancing Scholarly Work on Teaching and Learning does indeed shed clarifying light on the exciting new emphasis on scholarly approaches to teaching. In her distinctively conversational and clear style, Dr. Weimer maps out the nature of pedagogical literature—how to read it and how to contribute to it. . . . This book is the perfect next step in the journey to understand the benefits of scholarly teaching." —Gary Poole, director, Centre for Teaching and Academic Growth; founding director, Institute for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, University of British Columbia

The Beginning of Everything

Author: Robyn Schneider

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062217151

Category: Young Adult Fiction

Page: 352

View: 5274

Robyn Schneider's The Beginning of Everything is a witty and heart-wrenching teen novel that will appeal to fans of books by John Green and Ned Vizzini, novels such as The Perks of Being a Wallflower, and classics like The Great Gatsby and The Catcher in the Rye. Varsity tennis captain Ezra Faulkner was supposed to be homecoming king, but that was before—before his girlfriend cheated on him, before a car accident shattered his leg, and before he fell in love with unpredictable new girl Cassidy Thorpe. As Kirkus Reviews said in a starred review, "Schneider takes familiar stereotypes and infuses them with plenty of depth. Here are teens who could easily trade barbs and double entendres with the characters that fill John Green's novels." Funny, smart, and including everything from flash mobs to blanket forts to a poodle who just might be the reincarnation of Jay Gatsby, The Beginning of Everything is a refreshing contemporary twist on the classic coming-of-age novel—a heart-wrenching story about how difficult it is to play the part that people expect, and how new beginnings can stem from abrupt and tragic endings.

Remember the Wisdom that Progress Forgot

Sharing the Gems of our Ancestors

Author: Suresha Hill

Publisher: BookBaby

ISBN: 1626757925

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 948

Awe-inspiring tales from the ages for all ages told as if by the fireside with a grandmother or grandfather sharing secret pearls from heart to heart. See from their eyes, a life led by mysteries, by vision, by direct insight and by stories from their elders now passed on to you. A call from the sky, a song from the bird as a messenger from Beyond inviting us all to remember - to gather together once again in understanding of how it all weaves together in one great Tapestry. Key issues about sustainability and relating to the environment are discussed from a perspective that is fresh, although ancient. The diverse traditions of cultures near and far are shared with a focus on spirituality and how it shapes the society and its choices around education, rites of passage for all ages, caring for the earth and governing practices. Fascinating dimensions are peeled open from layers of life that usually remain secret or hidden from the uninitiated, and shown how they serve the health of the community. Elders, shaman, and medicine people from Africa, Bulgaria, Latvia, Africa, Papua New Guinea and several American tribes share stories, rituals, and personal journeys of how their way of life unfolded into the roles they now carry. It offers a different lens through which to view and experience life, along with an invitation to participate with them in celebrations, pilgrimages, rites of passage, and deep sharing.

Handbook of Disability Studies

Author: Gary L. Albrecht,Katherine D. Seelman,Michael Bury

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452212538

Category: Medical

Page: 864

View: 5068

This path-breaking Handbook of Disability Studies signals the emergence of a vital new area of scholarship, social policy and activism. Drawing on the insights of disability scholars around the world and the creative advice of an international editorial board, the book engages the reader in the critical issues and debates framing disability studies and places them in an historical and cultural context. Five years in the making, this one volume summarizes the ongoing discourse ranging across continents and traditional academic disciplines. The Handbook answers the need expressed by the disability community for a thought provoking, interdisciplinary, international examination of the vibrant field of disability

Resident Duty Hours:

Enhancing Sleep, Supervision, and Safety

Author: Committee on Optimizing Graduate Medical Trainee (Resident) Hours and Work Schedule to Improve Patient Safety,Institute of Medicine,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309127769

Category: Medical

Page: 428

View: 9333

Medical residents in hospitals are often required to be on duty for long hours. In 2003 the organization overseeing graduate medical education adopted common program requirements to restrict resident workweeks, including limits to an average of 80 hours over 4 weeks and the longest consecutive period of work to 30 hours in order to protect patients and residents from unsafe conditions resulting from excessive fatigue. Resident Duty Hours provides a timely examination of how those requirements were implemented and their impact on safety, education, and the training institutions. An in-depth review of the evidence on sleep and human performance indicated a need to increase opportunities for sleep during residency training to prevent acute and chronic sleep deprivation and minimize the risk of fatigue-related errors. In addition to recommending opportunities for on-duty sleep during long duty periods and breaks for sleep of appropriate lengths between work periods, the committee also recommends enhancements of supervision, appropriate workload, and changes in the work environment to improve conditions for safety and learning. All residents, medical educators, those involved with academic training institutions, specialty societies, professional groups, and consumer/patient safety organizations will find this book useful to advocate for an improved culture of safety.

Shifting paradigms in student affairs

culture, context, teaching, and learning

Author: Jane Fried,American College Personnel Association

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 262

View: 1868