Real Analysis

Series, Functions of Several Variables, and Applications

Author: Miklós Laczkovich,Vera T. Sós

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 149397369X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 6246

This book develops the theory of multivariable analysis, building on the single variable foundations established in the companion volume, Real Analysis: Foundations and Functions of One Variable. Together, these volumes form the first English edition of the popular Hungarian original, Valós Analízis I & II, based on courses taught by the authors at Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary, for more than 30 years. Numerous exercises are included throughout, offering ample opportunities to master topics by progressing from routine to difficult problems. Hints or solutions to many of the more challenging exercises make this book ideal for independent study, or further reading. Intended as a sequel to a course in single variable analysis, this book builds upon and expands these ideas into higher dimensions. The modular organization makes this text adaptable for either a semester or year-long introductory course. Topics include: differentiation and integration of functions of several variables; infinite numerical series; sequences and series of functions; and applications to other areas of mathematics. Many historical notes are given and there is an emphasis on conceptual understanding and context, be it within mathematics itself or more broadly in applications, such as physics. By developing the student’s intuition throughout, many definitions and results become motivated by insights from their context.

Calculus of Several Variables

Author: Serge Lang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461210682

Category: Mathematics

Page: 619

View: 5121

This new, revised edition covers all of the basic topics in calculus of several variables, including vectors, curves, functions of several variables, gradient, tangent plane, maxima and minima, potential functions, curve integrals, Green’s theorem, multiple integrals, surface integrals, Stokes’ theorem, and the inverse mapping theorem and its consequences. It includes many completely worked-out problems.

A Course in Multivariable Calculus and Analysis

Author: Sudhir R. Ghorpade,Balmohan V. Limaye

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441916210

Category: Mathematics

Page: 475

View: 9507

This self-contained textbook gives a thorough exposition of multivariable calculus. The emphasis is on correlating general concepts and results of multivariable calculus with their counterparts in one-variable calculus. Further, the book includes genuine analogues of basic results in one-variable calculus, such as the mean value theorem and the fundamental theorem of calculus. This book is distinguished from others on the subject: it examines topics not typically covered, such as monotonicity, bimonotonicity, and convexity, together with their relation to partial differentiation, cubature rules for approximate evaluation of double integrals, and conditional as well as unconditional convergence of double series and improper double integrals. Each chapter contains detailed proofs of relevant results, along with numerous examples and a wide collection of exercises of varying degrees of difficulty, making the book useful to undergraduate and graduate students alike.

Real Analysis

Foundations and Functions of One Variable

Author: Miklós Laczkovich,Vera T. Sós

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493927663

Category: Mathematics

Page: 483

View: 4712

Based on courses given at Eötvös Loránd University (Hungary) over the past 30 years, this introductory textbook develops the central concepts of the analysis of functions of one variable — systematically, with many examples and illustrations, and in a manner that builds upon, and sharpens, the student’s mathematical intuition. The book provides a solid grounding in the basics of logic and proofs, sets, and real numbers, in preparation for a study of the main topics: limits, continuity, rational functions and transcendental functions, differentiation, and integration. Numerous applications to other areas of mathematics, and to physics, are given, thereby demonstrating the practical scope and power of the theoretical concepts treated. In the spirit of learning-by-doing, Real Analysis includes more than 500 engaging exercises for the student keen on mastering the basics of analysis. The wealth of material, and modular organization, of the book make it adaptable as a textbook for courses of various levels; the hints and solutions provided for the more challenging exercises make it ideal for independent study.

Mathematical Analysis

Functions of One Variable

Author: Mariano Giaquinta,Giuseppe Modica

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461200075

Category: Mathematics

Page: 353

View: 8106

For more than two thousand years some familiarity with mathematics has been regarded as an indispensable part of the intellectual equipment of every cultured person. Today the traditional place of mathematics in education is in grave danger. Unfortunately, professional representatives of mathematics share in the reponsibiIity. The teaching of mathematics has sometimes degen erated into empty drill in problem solving, which may develop formal ability but does not lead to real understanding or to greater intellectual indepen dence. Mathematical research has shown a tendency toward overspecialization and over-emphasis on abstraction. Applications and connections with other fields have been neglected . . . But . . . understanding of mathematics cannot be transmitted by painless entertainment any more than education in music can be brought by the most brilliant journalism to those who never have lis tened intensively. Actual contact with the content of living mathematics is necessary. Nevertheless technicalities and detours should be avoided, and the presentation of mathematics should be just as free from emphasis on routine as from forbidding dogmatism which refuses to disclose motive or goal and which is an unfair obstacle to honest effort. (From the preface to the first edition of What is Mathematics? by Richard Courant and Herbert Robbins, 1941.

Functions of Several Variables

Author: Wendell H Fleming

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468494619

Category: Mathematics

Page: 412

View: 2787

This new edition, like the first, presents a thorough introduction to differential and integral calculus, including the integration of differential forms on manifolds. However, an additional chapter on elementary topology makes the book more complete as an advanced calculus text, and sections have been added introducing physical applications in thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, and classical rigid body mechanics.

Functions of Several Real Variables

Author: Martin Moskowitz,Fotios Paliogiannis

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813100915

Category: Mathematics

Page: 732

View: 9360

This book begins with the basics of the geometry and topology of Euclidean space and continues with the main topics in the theory of functions of several real variables including limits, continuity, differentiation and integration. All topics and in particular, differentiation and integration, are treated in depth and with mathematical rigor. The classical theorems of differentiation and integration such as the Inverse and Implicit Function theorems, Lagrange's multiplier rule, Fubini's theorem, the change of variables formula, Green's, Stokes' and Gauss' theorems are proved in detail and many of them with novel proofs. The authors develop the theory in a logical sequence building one result upon the other, enriching the development with numerous explanatory remarks and historical footnotes. A number of well chosen illustrative examples and counter-examples clarify matters and teach the reader how to apply these results and solve problems in mathematics, the other sciences and economics. Each of the chapters concludes with groups of exercises and problems, many of them with detailed solutions while others with hints or final answers. More advanced topics, such as Morse's lemma, Sard's theorem , the Weierstrass approximation theorem, the Fourier transform, Vector fields on spheres, Brouwer's fixed point theorem, Whitney's embedding theorem, Picard's theorem, and Hermite polynomials are discussed in stared sections.

A Course in Calculus and Real Analysis

Author: Sudhir R. Ghorpade,Balmohan V. Limaye

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387364250

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 5259

This book provides a self-contained and rigorous introduction to calculus of functions of one variable, in a presentation which emphasizes the structural development of calculus. Throughout, the authors highlight the fact that calculus provides a firm foundation to concepts and results that are generally encountered in high school and accepted on faith; for example, the classical result that the ratio of circumference to diameter is the same for all circles. A number of topics are treated here in considerable detail that may be inadequately covered in calculus courses and glossed over in real analysis courses.

Elementary Theory of Analytic Functions of One or Several Complex Variables

Author: Henri Cartan

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318672

Category: Mathematics

Page: 228

View: 9558

Basic treatment includes existence theorem for solutions of differential systems where data is analytic, holomorphic functions, Cauchy's integral, Taylor and Laurent expansions, more. Exercises. 1973 edition.

Problems and Solutions in Real Analysis

Author: Masayoshi Hata

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981277601X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 292

View: 3818

This unique book provides a collection of more than 200 mathematical problems and their detailed solutions, which contain very useful tips and skills in real analysis. Each chapter has an introduction, in which some fundamental definitions and propositions are prepared. This also contains many brief historical comments on some significant mathematical results in real analysis together with useful references.Problems and Solutions in Real Analysis may be used as advanced exercises by undergraduate students during or after courses in calculus and linear algebra. It is also useful for graduate students who are interested in analytic number theory. Readers will also be able to completely grasp a simple and elementary proof of the prime number theorem through several exercises. The book is also suitable for non-experts who wish to understand mathematical analysis.

Derivatives and Integrals of Multivariable Functions

Author: Alberto Guzman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461200350

Category: Mathematics

Page: 319

View: 5963

This work provides a systematic examination of derivatives and integrals of multivariable functions. The approach taken here is similar to that of the author’s previous text, "Continuous Functions of Vector Variables": specifically, elementary results from single-variable calculus are extended to functions in several-variable Euclidean space. Topics encompass differentiability, partial derivatives, directional derivatives and the gradient; curves, surfaces, and vector fields; the inverse and implicit function theorems; integrability and properties of integrals; and the theorems of Fubini, Stokes, and Gauss. Prerequisites include background in linear algebra, one-variable calculus, and some acquaintance with continuous functions and the topology of the real line. Written in a definition-theorem-proof format, the book is replete with historical comments, questions, and discussions about strategy, difficulties, and alternate paths. "Derivatives and Integrals of Multivariable Functions" is a rigorous introduction to multivariable calculus that will help students build a foundation for further explorations in analysis and differential geometry.

A Course in Analysis

Volume I: Introductory Calculus, Analysis of Functions of One Real Variable

Author: Niels Jacob,Kristian P Evans

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814689106

Category: Mathematics

Page: 768

View: 3557

Part 1 begins with an overview of properties of the real numbers and starts to introduce the notions of set theory. The absolute value and in particular inequalities are considered in great detail before functions and their basic properties are handled. From this the authors move to differential and integral calculus. Many examples are discussed. Proofs not depending on a deeper understanding of the completeness of the real numbers are provided. As a typical calculus module, this part is thought as an interface from school to university analysis. Part 2 returns to the structure of the real numbers, most of all to the problem of their completeness which is discussed in great depth. Once the completeness of the real line is settled the authors revisit the main results of Part 1 and provide complete proofs. Moreover they develop differential and integral calculus on a rigorous basis much further by discussing uniform convergence and the interchanging of limits, infinite series (including Taylor series) and infinite products, improper integrals and the gamma function. In addition they discussed in more detail as usual monotone and convex functions. Finally, the authors supply a number of Appendices, among them Appendices on basic mathematical logic, more on set theory, the Peano axioms and mathematical induction, and on further discussions of the completeness of the real numbers. Remarkably, Volume I contains ca. 360 problems with complete, detailed solutions.

Several Real Variables

Author: Shmuel Kantorovitz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319279564

Category: Mathematics

Page: 307

View: 8516

This undergraduate textbook is based on lectures given by the author on the differential and integral calculus of functions of several real variables. The book has a modern approach and includes topics such as: •The p-norms on vector space and their equivalence •The Weierstrass and Stone-Weierstrass approximation theorems •The differential as a linear functional; Jacobians, Hessians, and Taylor's theorem in several variables •The Implicit Function Theorem for a system of equations, proved via Banach’s Fixed Point Theorem •Applications to Ordinary Differential Equations •Line integrals and an introduction to surface integrals This book features numerous examples, detailed proofs, as well as exercises at the end of sections. Many of the exercises have detailed solutions, making the book suitable for self-study. Several Real Variables will be useful for undergraduate students in mathematics who have completed first courses in linear algebra and analysis of one real variable.

Mathematical Analysis

An Introduction to Functions of Several Variables

Author: Mariano Giaquinta,Giuseppe Modica

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817646124

Category: Mathematics

Page: 348

View: 3327

This superb and self-contained work is an introductory presentation of basic ideas, structures, and results of differential and integral calculus for functions of several variables. The wide range of topics covered include the differential calculus of several variables, including differential calculus of Banach spaces, the relevant results of Lebesgue integration theory, and systems and stability of ordinary differential equations. An appendix highlights important mathematicians and other scientists whose contributions have made a great impact on the development of theories in analysis. This text motivates the study of the analysis of several variables with examples, observations, exercises, and illustrations. It may be used in the classroom setting or for self-study by advanced undergraduate and graduate students and as a valuable reference for researchers in mathematics, physics, and engineering.

Real Analysis for the Undergraduate

With an Invitation to Functional Analysis

Author: Matthew A. Pons

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461496381

Category: Mathematics

Page: 409

View: 5890

This undergraduate textbook introduces students to the basics of real analysis, provides an introduction to more advanced topics including measure theory and Lebesgue integration, and offers an invitation to functional analysis. While these advanced topics are not typically encountered until graduate study, the text is designed for the beginner. The author’s engaging style makes advanced topics approachable without sacrificing rigor. The text also consistently encourages the reader to pick up a pencil and take an active part in the learning process. Key features include: - examples to reinforce theory; - thorough explanations preceding definitions, theorems and formal proofs; - illustrations to support intuition; - over 450 exercises designed to develop connections between the concrete and abstract. This text takes students on a journey through the basics of real analysis and provides those who wish to delve deeper the opportunity to experience mathematical ideas that are beyond the standard undergraduate curriculum.

Calculus of One Variable

Author: K.E. Hirst

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846282225

Category: Mathematics

Page: 268

View: 3430

Adopts a user-friendly approach, with an emphasis on worked examples and exercises, rather than abstract theory The computer algebra and graphical package MAPLE is used to illustrate many of the ideas and provides an additional aid to teaching and learning Supplementary material, including detailed solutions to exercises and MAPLE worksheets, is available via the web

Mathematical Analysis

An Introduction

Author: Andrew Browder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461207150

Category: Mathematics

Page: 335

View: 7431

Among the traditional purposes of such an introductory course is the training of a student in the conventions of pure mathematics: acquiring a feeling for what is considered a proof, and supplying literate written arguments to support mathematical propositions. To this extent, more than one proof is included for a theorem - where this is considered beneficial - so as to stimulate the students' reasoning for alternate approaches and ideas. The second half of this book, and consequently the second semester, covers differentiation and integration, as well as the connection between these concepts, as displayed in the general theorem of Stokes. Also included are some beautiful applications of this theory, such as Brouwer's fixed point theorem, and the Dirichlet principle for harmonic functions. Throughout, reference is made to earlier sections, so as to reinforce the main ideas by repetition. Unique in its applications to some topics not usually covered at this level.

Advanced Calculus

A Geometric View

Author: James J. Callahan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441973320

Category: Mathematics

Page: 526

View: 8498

With a fresh geometric approach that incorporates more than 250 illustrations, this textbook sets itself apart from all others in advanced calculus. Besides the classical capstones--the change of variables formula, implicit and inverse function theorems, the integral theorems of Gauss and Stokes--the text treats other important topics in differential analysis, such as Morse's lemma and the Poincaré lemma. The ideas behind most topics can be understood with just two or three variables. The book incorporates modern computational tools to give visualization real power. Using 2D and 3D graphics, the book offers new insights into fundamental elements of the calculus of differentiable maps. The geometric theme continues with an analysis of the physical meaning of the divergence and the curl at a level of detail not found in other advanced calculus books. This is a textbook for undergraduates and graduate students in mathematics, the physical sciences, and economics. Prerequisites are an introduction to linear algebra and multivariable calculus. There is enough material for a year-long course on advanced calculus and for a variety of semester courses--including topics in geometry. The measured pace of the book, with its extensive examples and illustrations, make it especially suitable for independent study.

Calculus With Applications

Author: Peter D. Lax,Maria Shea Terrell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461479460

Category: Mathematics

Page: 503

View: 9824

Burstein, and Lax's Calculus with Applications and Computing offers meaningful explanations of the important theorems of single variable calculus. Written with students in mathematics, the physical sciences, and engineering in mind, and revised with their help, it shows that the themes of calculation, approximation, and modeling are central to mathematics and the main ideas of single variable calculus. This edition brings the innovation of the first edition to a new generation of students. New sections in this book use simple, elementary examples to show that when applying calculus concepts to approximations of functions, uniform convergence is more natural and easier to use than point-wise convergence. As in the original, this edition includes material that is essential for students in science and engineering, including an elementary introduction to complex numbers and complex-valued functions, applications of calculus to modeling vibrations and population dynamics, and an introduction to probability and information theory.

A First Course in Calculus

Author: Serge Lang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441985328

Category: Mathematics

Page: 731

View: 2150

This fifth edition of Lang's book covers all the topics traditionally taught in the first-year calculus sequence. Divided into five parts, each section of A FIRST COURSE IN CALCULUS contains examples and applications relating to the topic covered. In addition, the rear of the book contains detailed solutions to a large number of the exercises, allowing them to be used as worked-out examples -- one of the main improvements over previous editions.