Reforming China's Rural Health System

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821379836

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 9206

Since 1978 when it embarked on sweeping agricultural and industrial reforms, China's economic growth has been remarkable. Its success in transforming itself within just three decades from a very poor low-income country to a successful middle-income country is unparalleled. During this period, however, and in contrast to the first 30 years of the People's Republic, progress in the health sector has been disappointing. For example, during the period 1980-2007, China increased its income per head as a percentage of the OECD average from 3 percent to 15 per cent, but infant mortality fell no faste.

Reforming China's Healthcare System

Author: China Development Research Foundation

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351731270

Category: Social Science

Page: 644

View: 9944

Although China’s new healthcare reform, launched in 2009, has achieved remarkable results in improving China’s medical and healthcare system, it is recognised that there is still room for further improvement. This is especially important as China’s population ages, the prevalence of chronic diseases increases and environment-related health risks worsen. This book reports on a major international research project which examined health trends, modes of health promotion, health finance systems, medical and healthcare innovations and environment-related health risks in China. For each of these key areas, the book considers the current situation in China and likely future trends, explores best practice from a wide range of foreign countries and puts forward proposals for improvements. Overall, the book provides a major assessment of China’s medical and healthcare system and how it should be reformed.

Informal Payments and Regulations in China's Healthcare System

Red Packets and Institutional Reform

Author: Jingqing Yang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811021104

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 6428

This text addresses the key issue of informal payments, or ‘red packets’, in the Chinese Healthcare system. It considers how transactions take place at the clinical level as well as their regulation. Analysing the practice from the perspectives of institutions and power structure, it examines how institutional changes in the pre-reform and reform era have changed the power structure between medical professions, patients and the Party-state, and how these changes have given rise and perpetuate the practice. Drawing from qualitative data from interviews of medical professionals, the author recognises the medical profession as a major player in the health care system and presents their perception of the practice as the taker of ‘red packets’ and their interactions with the patient and the state surrounding the illegal practice in an authoritarian power structure. The books considers the institutional reasons that motivate doctors to take, patients to give, and the government to "tolerate" red packets, arguing that the bureaucratization of the medical profession, society of acquaintances and shortage of quality of medical services jointly create an institutional setting that has given rise to these informal payments. Contributing to a rounded understanding of the problems of healthcare reform in China, this book is a key read for all scholars interested in the issue of informal payments and healthcare politics in transition economies.


Does Government Health and Education Spending Boost Consumption?

Author: Mr. Steven Barnett,Mr. Ray Brooks

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1451918658

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 14

View: 9387

Consumption in China is unusually low and has continued to decline as a share of GDP over the past decade. A key policy question is how to reverse this trend, and rebalance growth away from reliance on exports and investment and toward consumption. This paper investigates whether the sizable increase in government social spending in recent years lowered precautionary saving and increased consumption. The main findings are that spending on health, but not education, had an impact on household behavior. The impact, moreover, is large. A one yuan increase in government health spending is associated with a two yuan increase in urban household consumption.

Reforming China

Author: Dongtao Zhou

Publisher: Paths International Ltd

ISBN: 9814298034

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 516

View: 7489

Enrich Series on China's Economic Reform illustrates China's Reform Experiences from an executive perspective. This book reviews the background to and achievements of China's economic reforms. It analyzes the reforms processes from the perspective of priv

Advancing the Human Right to Health

Author: José M. Zuniga,Stephen P. Marks,Lawrence O. Gostin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191637645

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 7854

Advancing the Human Right to Health offers a prospective on the global response to one of the greatest moral, legal, and public health challenges of the 21st century - achieving the human right to health as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other legal instruments. Featuring writings by global thought-leaders in the world of health human rights, the book brings clarity to many of the complex clinical, ethical, economic, legal, and socio-cultural questions raised by injury, disease, and deeper determinants of health, such as poverty. Much more than a primer on the right to health, this book features an examination of profound inequalities in health, which have resulted in millions of people condemned to unnecessary suffering and hastened deaths. In so doing, it provides a thoughtful account of the right to health's parameters, strategies on ways in which to achieve it, and discussion of why it is so essential in a 21st century context. Country-specific case studies provide context for analysing the right to health and assessing whether, and to what extent, this right has influenced critical decision-making that makes a difference in people's lives. Thematic chapters also look at the specific challenges involved in translating the right to health into action. Advancing the Human Right to Health highlights the urgency to build upon the progress made in securing the right to health for all, offering a timely reminder that all stakeholders must redouble their efforts to advance the human right to health.

Reforming China

Author: Sen Peng

Publisher: Paths International Ltd

ISBN: 9814298433

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 600

View: 674

This book chronicles the dramatic events that have taken place since China opened up to the world in 1978 and adopted a policy of economic reform. It records how economic policies were drafted between 1992 and 2004, brought into law, initiated and then im

China's Rural Health System in a Changing Institutional Context

Author: Gerald Bloom,Jing Fang

Publisher: N.A


Category: China

Page: 34

View: 2569

China's rural health services are experiencing problems associated with the transition to a market economy. The cost of care has risen rapidly and arrangements for local health insurance have collapsed. Government health budgets have lagged behind the rise in costs. Major illness has become an important precursor of household poverty. Policy-makers acknowledge that something has to be done to improve access to effective services at an affordable cost. Government policy statements have articulated a vision of a future health system. Few disagree with this vision but people do disagree about how to attain it. Chinese health policy analysts have begun to ask fundamental questions about the role of government, forms of facility ownership and alternative health financing mechanisms. This paper argues that the health sector's problems are best understood in the context of China's attempt to create institutional arrangements appropriate to a market economy. It suggests that the performance of rural health services will be strongly influenced by the degree to which rules-based local administrative and regulatory systems and local accountability mechanisms become established.

OECD Economic Surveys: China 2010

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264076679


Page: 234

View: 3228

This 2010 edition of OECD's periodic review of China's economy finds that China's spectacular expansion has continued in recent years, making for impressive improvements in living standards. The slowdown associated with the global financial and ...

Development and Climate Change

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821379875

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 417

View: 8256

Relates climate data to a range of issues related to natural resource management, human health, and economic development, discussing strategies for managing resources for sustainable human populations and financing required adaptations due to climate change.


Fixing the Worst Government in the World

Author: Charles F. Bingman

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1450018424

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 5476

Charles F. Bingman had a 30-year career as a US Federal government manager and executive. He taught public management for 25 years at the George Washington University and the Johns Hopkins University Washington Center. He has done consulting assignments with various organizations in China, Japan, the Russian Federation, Botswana, the Palestinian Authority, Kazakhstan, and ten other countries. He has published Japanese Government Leadership and Management and his most recent book Why Governments Go Wrong was published in 2006.

Financing Health Care in China's Cities

Balancing Needs and Entitlements During Rapid Change

Author: Gerald Bloom,Yuelai Lu,Jiaying Chen

Publisher: N.A


Category: China

Page: 20

View: 5690

China's Urban Health Care Reform

From State Protection to Individual Responsibility

Author: Chack-kie Wong,Vai Io Lo,Kwong-Leung Tang

Publisher: N.A


Category: Medical

Page: 175

View: 4408

One way to describe the importance of social policy is to say it's about "what is and what might be." This ethos is the driving force behind Chack-Kie Wong, Vai Io Lo, and Kwong-leung Tang's China's Urban Health Care Reform. Based on a study of a mid-level city in China, these three scholars provide analysis and offer theory-based recommendations on health care development.

IDS Working Papers

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Banks and banking

Page: N.A

View: 9680

China and Its Regions

Economic Growth and Reform in Chinese Provinces

Author: Mary-Françoise Renard

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 338

View: 7188

'The contributors to this work are prominent scholars and researchers studying the Chinese economy. Their wide variety of educational experience brings a wealth of knowledge from international economies, including France, the US, Asia and Australia. This only adds to the international approach and depth of the study. . . . the book is very coherent. the chapters build upon one another and support the overall theme.' - William M. Modrow, Business Information Alert In twenty years of reform in China, the key development has been the opening-up of the market to foreign trade and international investment. This increased economic openness has been accompanied by profound changes in both economic organisation and regional disparity. This comprehensive book focuses on the link between these economic reforms and the causes - and ultimately the implications - of regional inequalities in the most populous country in the world.

Financing Health Care

Issues and Options for China

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821340486

Category: Social Science

Page: 83

View: 7167

Food, consumption, demand, agricultural research, fertilizer, land, water resources, infrastructure, domestic grain, international grain market, economy, business, markets, tariffs, environment, health, productivity, pollution, energy, industry, water, urban transportation, pension reform, elderly, education, employment, rural, urban, income, poverty.

The Great Diversity

Trajectories of Asian Development

Author: Camilla Brautaset,Christopher M. Dent

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers

ISBN: 9086862330

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 2944

This book brings together scholars from the universities of Bergen and Leeds who explore on how we may understand different trajectories of development in Asia, arguably the most dynamic and certainly the most diverse part of our world. It asserts that there is no one singular 'truth' on understanding development, or universal model on prescribing future paths of development. Evidence from Asia reminds us that the importance of locality in shaping development has not diminished despite deepening globalisation in the modern era. Furthermore, by accepting the prevalence of diversity we are able to learn certain lessons of development from each other, both within and across scholarly disciplines. The book explores how the concept of 'development' is itself highly contested, and there exist multiple narratives and discourses on the subject as demonstrated in this book. This book does not seek to define development, or prescribe a particular method of understanding it in an Asian context. Rather, it presents a number of works that in their own way touch on the subject of development, and it lays bare the inherent diversity of development as an idea, practice and experience. It is up to the reader to reflect on how the evidence and arguments presented in each chapter resonates, or not, on their own understanding of development.