Reimagining Global Health

An Introduction

Author: Paul Farmer,Arthur Kleinman,Jim Kim,Matthew Basilico

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520954637

Category: Medical

Page: 508

View: 916

Bringing together the experience, perspective and expertise of Paul Farmer, Jim Yong Kim, and Arthur Kleinman, Reimagining Global Health provides an original, compelling introduction to the field of global health. Drawn from a Harvard course developed by their student Matthew Basilico, this work provides an accessible and engaging framework for the study of global health. Insisting on an approach that is historically deep and geographically broad, the authors underline the importance of a transdisciplinary approach, and offer a highly readable distillation of several historical and ethnographic perspectives of contemporary global health problems. The case studies presented throughout Reimagining Global Health bring together ethnographic, theoretical, and historical perspectives into a wholly new and exciting investigation of global health. The interdisciplinary approach outlined in this text should prove useful not only in schools of public health, nursing, and medicine, but also in undergraduate and graduate classes in anthropology, sociology, political economy, and history, among others.

Reimagining global abortion politics

A social justice perspective

Author: Bloomer, Fiona,Pierson, Claire

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447340442

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 6515

What are the contemporary issues in abortion politics globally? What factors explain variations in access to abortion between and within different countries? This text provides a transnationally-focused, interdisciplinary analysis of trends in abortion politics using case studies from around the global north and south. It considers how societal influences, such as religion, nationalism and culture, impact abortion law and access. It explores the impact of international human rights norms, the increasing displacement of people due to conflict and crisis and the role of activists on law reform and access. The book concludes by considering the future of abortion politics through the more holistic lens of reproductive justice. Utilising a unique interdisciplinary approach, this book provides a major contribution to the knowledge base on abortion politics globally. It provides an accessible, informative and engaging text for academics, policy makers and readers interested in abortion politics.

Reforming Health Care in the United States, Germany, and South Africa

Comparative Perspectives on Health

Author: Susan Giaimo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137107170

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 7074

As countries confront new health care challenges in the 21st century, their health care systems reflect the problems and political settlements of an earlier age. Meeting these new challenges requires reform of existing health care system arrangements while reconciling the goals of equitable access to quality care at an affordable price. This book compares health care reforms in industrialized nations and the Global South to uncover the similarities and differences in their problems and solutions. It examines the struggle over the Affordable Care Act and its alternatives in the United States, major health care reforms in Germany in the new century, and South Africa's efforts to combat AIDS and construct a comprehensive health care system for all. These particular reforms reflect the underlying configuration of politics in each country.

Blind Spot

How Neoliberalism Infiltrated Global Health

Author: Salmaan Keshavjee,Paul Farmer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520282841

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 8963

Neoliberalism has been the defining paradigm in global health since the latter part of the twentieth century. What started as an untested and unproven theory that the creation of unfettered markets would give rise to political democracy led to policies that promoted the belief that private markets were the optimal agents for the distribution of social goods, including health care. A vivid illustration of the infiltration of neoliberal ideology into the design and implementation of development programs, this case study, set in post-Soviet Tajikistan’s remote eastern province of Badakhshan, draws on extensive ethnographic and historical material to examine a “revolving drug fund” program—used by numerous nongovernmental organizations globally to address shortages of high-quality pharmaceuticals in poor communities. Provocative, rigorous, and accessible, Blind Spot offers a cautionary tale about the forces driving decision making in health and development policy today, illustrating how the privatization of health care can have catastrophic outcomes for some of the world’s most vulnerable populations.

Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health

Author: Ellen L. Idler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199389861

Category: Religion

Page: 448

View: 6491

Frequently in partnership, but sometimes at odds, religious institutions and public health institutions work to improve the well-being of their communities. There is increasing awareness among public health professionals and the general public that the social conditions of poverty, lack of education, income inequality, poor working conditions, and experiences of discrimination play a dominant role in determining health status. But this broad view of the social determinants of health has largely ignored the role of religious practices and institutions in shaping the life conditions of billions around the globe. In Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health, leading scholars in the social sciences, public health, and religion address this omission by examining the embodied sacred practices of the world's religions, the history of alignment and tension between religious and public health institutions, the research on the health impact of religious practice throughout the life course, and the role of religious institutions in health and development efforts around the globe. In addition, the volume explores religion's role in the ongoing epidemics of HIV/AIDS and Alzheimer's disease, as well as preparations for an influenza pandemic. Together, these groundbreaking essays help complete the picture of the social determinants of health by including religion, which has until now been an invisible determinant.

Beholden

Religion, Global Health, and Human Rights

Author: Susan R. Holman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190228237

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 9637

Winner of the 2016 Grawemeyer Award in Religion Global health efforts today are usually shaped by two very different ideological approaches: a human rights-based approach to health and equity-often associated with public health, medicine, or economic development activities; or a religious or humanitarian "aid" approach motivated by personal beliefs about charity, philanthropy, missional dynamics, and humanitarian "mercy." The underlying differences between these two approaches can create tensions and even outright hostility that undermines the best intentions of those involved. In Beholden: Religion, Global Health, and Human Rights, Susan R. Holman--a scholar in both religion and the history of medicine--challenges this traditional polarization by telling stories designed to help shape a new perspective on global health, one that involves a multidisciplinary integration of religion and culture with human rights and social justice. The book's six chapters range broadly, describing pilgrimage texts in the Christian, Hindu, Buddhist, and Islamic traditions; the effect of ministry and public policy on nineteenth-century health care for the poor; the story of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as it shaped economic, social, and cultural rights; a "religious health assets" approach based in Southern Africa; and the complex dynamics of gift exchange in the modern faith-based focus on charity, community, and the common good. Holman's study serves as an insightful guide for students and practitioners interested in improving and broadening the scope of global health initiatives, with an eye towards having the greatest impact possible.

Poor Economics

Plädoyer für ein neues Verständnis von Armut

Author: Abhijit Banerjee,Esther Duflo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442749751

Category:

Page: 384

View: 3819

To Repair the World

Paul Farmer Speaks to the Next Generation

Author: Paul Farmer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520955439

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

View: 6537

Here, for the first time, is a collection of short speeches by the charismatic doctor and social activist Paul Farmer. One of the most passionate and influential voices for global health equity and social justice, Farmer encourages young people to tackle the greatest challenges of our times. Engaging, often humorous, and always inspiring, these speeches bring to light the brilliance and force of Farmer’s vision in a single, accessible volume. A must-read for graduates, students, and everyone seeking to help bend the arc of history toward justice, To Repair the World: • Challenges readers to counter failures of imagination that keep billions of people without access to health care, safe drinking water, decent schools, and other basic human rights; • Champions the power of partnership against global poverty, climate change, and other pressing problems today; • Overturns common assumptions about health disparities around the globe by considering the large-scale social forces that determine who gets sick and who has access to health care; • Discusses how hope, solidarity, faith, and hardbitten analysis have animated Farmer’s service to the poor in Haiti, Peru, Rwanda, Russia, and elsewhere; • Leaves the reader with an uplifting vision: that with creativity, passion, teamwork, and determination, the next generations can make the world a safer and more humane place.

Reinventing Organizations

Ein Leitfaden zur Gestaltung sinnstiftender Formen der Zusammenarbeit

Author: Frederic Laloux

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800649144

Category: Fiction

Page: 356

View: 6713

Bahnbrechend. Inspirierend. Eines der faszinierendsten Bücher zur Organisationsentwicklung des letzten Jahrzehnts. Dies ist ein sehr wichtiges Buch, bedeutsam in vielerlei Hinsicht: Sowohl angesichts der bahnbrechenden Forschungsergebnisse, Einsichten, Ratschläge und Empfehlungen, die es enthält, als auch aufgrund der genauso wichtigen Fragen und Herausforderungen, auf die es hinweist.“ Ken Wilber aus dem Nachwort „Die programmatische Aufforderung ‚Reinventing Organizations‘ mündet in einem Organisationsmodell, das Strukturen wie Praktiken nach neuartigen, evolutionär-integralen Prinzipien ausrichtet. Im Ergebnis steht die Erkenntnis, dass das Leben und Arbeiten in Organisationen, ebenso wie deren Leistungsbeiträge für die Gesellschaft, radikal zum Positiven verändert werden können. Aber hierzu muss nicht zuletzt die Führung eine fortgeschrittene Entwicklungsebene erreichen.“ Prof. Dr. Jürgen Weibler, Autor des Standardwerkes „Personalführung“ „Das Buch gibt Hoffnung und ganz konkrete Hilfe zur Lösung der Probleme, die wir an der Schwelle von der Postmoderne zu einem neuen Zeitalter erleben, in denen die traditionellen oder modernen Organisationsformen den Anforderungen und Bedürfnissen der Menschen nicht mehr gerecht werden.“ Eine Leserin auf Amazon.com Frederic Laloux hat mit Reinventing Organizations das Grundlagenbuch für die integrale Organisationsentwicklung verfasst. Die Breite sowie Tiefe seiner Analyse und Beschreibung – ganzheitlich, selbstorganisierend und sinnerfüllend operierender Unternehmen – ist einzigartig. Das erste Kapitel des Buches gibt einen Überblick über die historische Entwicklung von Organisationsparadigmen, bevor im zweiten Kapitel Strukturen, die Praxis und die Kultur von Organisationen, die ein erfüllendes und selbstbestimmtes Handeln der Menschen ermöglichen, anhand von ausgewählten Beispielen vorgestellt werden. Auf die Bedingungen, Hindernisse sowie Herausforderungen bei der Entwicklung dieser evolutionären Organisationen wird in Kapitel 3 eingegangen. Hier entwirft Frederic Laloux einen Leitfaden für den Weg hin zu einer ganzheitlich orientierten und sinnstiftenden Organisation. Frederic Laloux ist auch aufgrund dieses Buches ein mittlerweile gefragter Berater und Coach für Führungskräfte, die nach fundamental neuen Wegen der Organisation eines Unternehmens suchen. Er war Associate Partner bei McKinsey & Company und hält einen MBA vom INSEAD.

Das Macht-Paradox

Wie wir Einfluss gewinnen - oder verlieren

Author: Dacher Keltner

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593399075

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 1517

Macht haben, Mensch bleiben Es sind nicht die Ellenbogen, es ist unser Gemeinsinn, der uns Macht verleiht. Doch sobald wir Macht haben und ihren Verführungen erliegen, geht uns die soziale Kompetenz schnell wieder verloren. Wir alle sind Opfer dieses Macht-Paradoxes, sagt der renommierte Psychologe Dacher Keltner. In seinem neuen Buch zeigt er, dass Macht und auch Machtmissbrauch in jedem Winkel unseres sozialen Lebens vorkommen: - In der Arbeitswelt, - in der Familie, - innerhalb von Freundschaften und gesellschaftlichen Gruppen. Macht bestimmt das Leben aller Menschen. Und erst wenn wir einen Blick durch die Brille der Macht werfen, lässt sich dieses Paradox auflösen. Damit die Guten nicht nur an die Macht kommen, sondern empathisch bleiben und sie behalten. Keltners Buch ist eine revolutionäre neue positive Psychologie der Macht. Einer der bedeutendsten Psychologen Amerikas inspiriert uns dazu, auf eine neue Weise über Macht nachzudenken. Sein Buch hilft uns, uns selbst zu verstehen. "Dacher Keltner verändert die Vorstellungen darüber, wie Macht und wie Ungleichheit funktionieren. Es ist nur eine Frage der Zeit, bis seine Ideen sich überall verbreiten. Und im Gegensatz zu anderen Psychologen, die ich kenne, ist er kein Spinner." Michael Lewis, Autor von "The Big Short"

Reimagining (Bio)Medicalization, Pharmaceuticals and Genetics

Old Critiques and New Engagements

Author: Susan E. Bell,Anne E. Figert

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317643631

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 4578

In recent years medicalization, the process of making something medical, has gained considerable ground and a position in everyday discourse. In this multidisciplinary collection of original essays, the authors expertly consider how issues around medicalization have developed, ways in which it is changing, and the potential shapes it will take in the future. They develop a unique argument that medicalization, biomedicalization, pharmaceuticalization and geneticization are related and co-evolving processes, present throughout the globe. This is an ideal addition to anthropology, sociology and STS courses about medicine and health.

Geschröpft und zur Ader gelassen

Eine kurze Kulturgeschichte der Medizin

Author: Roy Porter

Publisher: Dörlemann eBook

ISBN: 3908778689

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 9469

Geschröpft und zur Ader gelassen erkundet die vielfältige, oftmals seltsame und manchmal schauerliche Art und Weise, in der die Menschen über die Jahrhunderte hinweg versucht haben, Krankheiten zu bekämpfen. Roy Porter, weltweit einer der renommiertesten Medizinhistoriker, verschafft uns mit profunder Sachkenntnis und tiefgründigem Humor einen Überblick über die Geschichte der Medizin.

Ethnographies of Breastfeeding

Cultural Contexts and Confrontations

Author: Tanya Cassidy,Abdullahi El Tom

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 147256927X

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 847

Breastfeeding is an intimate and deeply rooted bodily practice, as well as a highly controversial sociocultural process which invokes strong reactions from advocates and opponents. Touching on a wide range of issues such as reproduction, sexuality, power and resources, and maternal and infant health, the controversies and cultural complexities underlying breastfeeding are immense. Ethnographies of Breastfeeding features the latest research on the topic. Some of the leading scholars in the field explore variations in breastfeeding practices from around the world. Based on empirical work in areas such as Brazil, West Africa, Darfur, Ireland, Italy, France, the UK and the US, they examine the cross-cultural challenges facing mothers feeding their infants. Reframing the traditional nature/culture debate, the book moves beyond existing approaches to consider themes such as surrogacy, the risk of milk banks, mother-to-mother sharing networks facilitated by social media, and the increasing bio-medicalization of breast milk, which is leading its transformation from process to product. A highly important contribution to global debates on breast milk and breastfeeding.

Nouveaux enjeux éthiques autour du médicament en Afrique

Analyses en anthropologie, droit et santé publique

Author: Mamadou Badji,Alice Desclaux

Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan

ISBN: 233639958X

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 1122

Cet ouvrage examine les nouveaux enjeux éthiques, à différents niveaux du micro au macro-social et sous plusieurs angles: l'accès aux traitements et à la justice sociale, les régulations et l'éthique de la diffusion des médicaments, les ambiguïtés éthiques du médicament, les médicaments et l'éthique en contexte. Les éclairages apportés par l'anthropologie, le droit et la santé publique décryptent les tensions et enjeux contextuels ou structurels.

A Path Out of Poverty

Author: Paul Farmer

Publisher: PublicAffairs

ISBN: 9781610394949

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 1372

"If you have come here to help me, you are wasting your time. But if you have come because your liberation is bound up with mine, then let us work together." —Lilla Watson, Aboriginal activist and artist World-renowned physician and public health pioneer Dr. Paul Farmer has long been devoted to caring and advocating for the world's poorest people, and challenging wealthy Western countries to address the underlying causes of poverty and disease in the developing world. He and the organization he cofounded, Partners In Health, have built medical centers and health systems first in Haiti and then around the world—in Rwanda, Mexico, Nepal, Sierra Leone, Russia, the U.S. and more—that also address patients' social, nutritional, financial, and long-term care needs. But as he and his colleagues have learned in assessing their own efforts, and indeed all efforts, to turn goodwill into a robust and enduring response to the profound problems of structural poverty, they have learned that success requires more than good intentions, expertise, and material resources. It requires replacing time-limited, contractual, and almost invariably inegalitarian arrangements between aid workers and aid recipients with an approach based on genuine partnership and solidarity. Farmer calls this new model for assisting the poor accompaniment. Accompaniment, he explains, is about sticking with a task until it's deemed completed, not by the accompagnateur but by the person being accompanied. Through stories about his experiences and the evolution of his thinking,and incisive analysis of both existing data and the lessons of history, Farmer explains in this book what accompaniment means and how it works. In Part II of the book, a group of colleagues draw on their own experiences and studies to showcase accompaniment in action, illuminating both its enormous potential for transforming the lives of the poor, and the challenges and dilemmas they face. Many people in the world of foreign aid and charitable giving have long championed the principles of accompaniment, but there remains a huge gap between rhetoric and implementation. Part of the reason for that gap has been an absence of data about the effectiveness of accompaniment-based initiatives. This book provides compelling, concrete data that accompaniment works—and that it works better than other approaches. Inspiring, thought-provoking, and likely controversial, this is important reading for anyone who, like Farmer, seeks to create a better world.

A Passion for Society

How We Think about Human Suffering

Author: Iain Wilkinson,Arthur Kleinman

Publisher: University of California Press

ISBN: 0520287231

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 9571

What does human suffering mean for society? And how has this meaning changed from the past to the present? In what ways does “the problem of suffering” serve to inspire us to care for others? How does our response to suffering reveal our moral and social conditions? In this trenchant work, Arthur Kleinman—a renowned figure in medical anthropology—and Iain Wilkinson, an award-winning sociologist, team up to offer some answers to these profound questions. A Passion for Society investigates the historical development and current state of social science with a focus on how this development has been shaped in response to problems of social suffering. Following a line of criticism offered by key social theorists and cultural commentators who themselves were unhappy with the professionalization of social science, Wilkinson and Kleinman provide a critical commentary on how studies of society have moved from an original concern with social suffering and its amelioration to dispassionate inquiries. The authors demonstrate how social action through caring for others is revitalizing and remaking the discipline of social science, and they examine the potential for achieving greater understanding though a moral commitment to the practice of care for others. In this deeply considered work, Wilkinson and Kleinman argue for an engaged social science that connects critical thought with social action, that seeks to learn through caregiving, and that operates with a commitment to establish and sustain humane forms of society.

Reimagining India

Unlocking the Potential of Asia’s Next Superpower

Author: Clay Chandler,Adil Zainulbhai

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476735301

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 8693

"From the world's premier management consultancy McKinsey & Company, a comprehensive collection of essays by the brightest experts on what the new global elite needs to know about modern India"--

Im Namen des Guten

Roman

Author: Philip Caputo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783866120921

Category:

Page: 750

View: 7171

Eine Handvoll westliche Idealisten gründet eine Airline, um Opfer des sudanesischen Bürgerkriegs mit Hilfsgütern zu versorgen. Bald jedoch verfangen sie sich in den Wirren des Krieges und den netzen der Korruption und müssen schmerzlich feststellen, dass in Afrika eigene Gesetze herrschen.

Reimagining Marginalized Foods

Global Processes, Local Places

Author: Elizabeth Finnis

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816599734

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 886

With globalization has come an increased focus on food--where it comes from, how it is transported, who eats it, and what cultural significance it has. This volume brings together ethnographically based anthropological analyses of shifting meanings and representations associated with the foods, ingredients, and cooking practices of marginalized and/or indigenous cultures. Contributors are particularly interested in how these foods intersect with politics, nationhood and governance, identity, authenticity, and conservation. The chapters cover diverse locales, issues, and foods: the cultural meanings of sinonggi, a thick sago porridge from Sulawesi, Indonesia; the significance of pom, a Surinam dish popular in the Netherlands; the transformation of alpaca meat in Peru; the impact of culinary tourism on indigenous cuisine in Mexico; the re-presenting of minor millets in South India; and the development of cheeses in the Italian Alps. A conceptual essay on food and social boundaries rounds out the collection. Throughout, the contributors address important questions, including: How are traditional foods "repackaged" in the process of mainstreaming access? What does this repackaging mean for the ways local or indigenous peoples view their traditional food practices? How are local cuisines mobilized in movements to create national images and identities? What tensions emerge between new representations of foods and local cultural meanings? Together the contributors provide a thoughtful inquiry into what happens when food and culinary practices are moved from the cultural or physical margins, and how such movements can be shaped by--and employed in the pursuit of--political, social, and cultural goals.

Reimagining with Christian Doctrines

Responding to Global Gender Injustices

Author: Grace Ji-Sun Kim,J. Daggers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137382988

Category: Philosophy

Page: 140

View: 9101

This collection demonstrates a constructive potential in reimagining with doctrines, which unlocks them from centuries of patriarchal constraint. It opens the way for glimpsing divine action in the economy of salvation, while human struggles for justice are placed within a wider arena when discrete theological resources are deployed in this way.