Reimagining Global Health

An Introduction

Author: Paul Farmer,Arthur Kleinman,Jim Kim,Matthew Basilico

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520954637

Category: Medical

Page: 508

View: 401

Bringing together the experience, perspective and expertise of Paul Farmer, Jim Yong Kim, and Arthur Kleinman, Reimagining Global Health provides an original, compelling introduction to the field of global health. Drawn from a Harvard course developed by their student Matthew Basilico, this work provides an accessible and engaging framework for the study of global health. Insisting on an approach that is historically deep and geographically broad, the authors underline the importance of a transdisciplinary approach, and offer a highly readable distillation of several historical and ethnographic perspectives of contemporary global health problems. The case studies presented throughout Reimagining Global Health bring together ethnographic, theoretical, and historical perspectives into a wholly new and exciting investigation of global health. The interdisciplinary approach outlined in this text should prove useful not only in schools of public health, nursing, and medicine, but also in undergraduate and graduate classes in anthropology, sociology, political economy, and history, among others.

Reimagining Global Health

An Introduction

Author: Paul Farmer,Jim Yong Kim,Arthur Kleinman,Matthew Basilico

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520271971

Category: Medical

Page: 478

View: 2744

Bringing together the experience, perspective and expertise of Paul Farmer, Jim Yong Kim, and Arthur Kleinman, Reimagining Global Health provides an original, compelling introduction to the field of global health. Drawn from a Harvard course developed by their student Matthew Basilico, this work provides an accessible and engaging framework for the study of global health. Insisting on an approach that is historically deep and geographically broad, the authors underline the importance of a transdisciplinary approach, and offer a highly readable distillation of several historical and ethnographic perspectives of contemporary global health problems. The case studies presented throughout Reimagining Global Health bring together ethnographic, theoretical, and historical perspectives into a wholly new and exciting investigation of global health. The interdisciplinary approach outlined in this text should prove useful not only in schools of public health, nursing, and medicine, but also in undergraduate and graduate classes in anthropology, sociology, political economy, and history, among others.

Reimagining Global Health

An Introduction

Author: Paul Farmer,Arthur Kleinman,Jim Kim,Matthew Basilico

Publisher: University of California Press

ISBN: 0520271998

Category: Medical

Page: 504

View: 8074

Bringing together the experience, perspective and expertise of Paul Farmer, Jim Yong Kim, and Arthur Kleinman, Reimagining Global Health provides an original, compelling introduction to the field of global health. Drawn from a Harvard course developed by their student Matthew Basilico, this work provides an accessible and engaging framework for the study of global health. Insisting on an approach that is historically deep and geographically broad, the authors underline the importance of a transdisciplinary approach, and offer a highly readable distillation of several historical and ethnographic perspectives of contemporary global health problems. The case studies presented throughout Reimagining Global Health bring together ethnographic, theoretical, and historical perspectives into a wholly new and exciting investigation of global health. The interdisciplinary approach outlined in this text should prove useful not only in schools of public health, nursing, and medicine, but also in undergraduate and graduate classes in anthropology, sociology, political economy, and history, among others.

When People Come First

Critical Studies in Global Health

Author: João Biehl,Adriana Petryna

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400846803

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 9028

When People Come First critically assesses the expanding field of global health. It brings together an international and interdisciplinary group of scholars to address the medical, social, political, and economic dimensions of the global health enterprise through vivid case studies and bold conceptual work. The book demonstrates the crucial role of ethnography as an empirical lantern in global health, arguing for a more comprehensive, people-centered approach. Topics include the limits of technological quick fixes in disease control, the moral economy of global health science, the unexpected effects of massive treatment rollouts in resource-poor contexts, and how right-to-health activism coalesces with the increased influence of the pharmaceutical industry on health care. The contributors explore the altered landscapes left behind after programs scale up, break down, or move on. We learn that disease is really never just one thing, technology delivery does not equate with care, and biology and technology interact in ways we cannot always predict. The most effective solutions may well be found in people themselves, who consistently exceed the projections of experts and the medical-scientific, political, and humanitarian frameworks in which they are cast. When People Come First sets a new research agenda in global health and social theory and challenges us to rethink the relationships between care, rights, health, and economic futures.

To Repair the World

Paul Farmer Speaks to the Next Generation

Author: Paul Farmer,Jonathan Weigel

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520275977

Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE

Page: 266

View: 6505

Offers a collection of short speeches by charismatic doctor and social activist Paul Farmer, an influential voice for global health equity and social justice.

Global Health

Why Cultural Perceptions, Social Representations, and Biopolitics Matter

Author: Mark Nichter

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816525744

Category: Medical

Page: 268

View: 1391

In this lesson-packed book, Mark Nichter, one of the worldÕs leading medical anthropologists, summarizes what more than a quarter-century of health social science research has contributed to international health and elucidates what social science research can contribute to global health and the study of biopolitics in the future. Nichter focuses on our cultural understanding of infectious and vector-borne diseases, how they are understood locally, and how various populations respond to public health interventions. The book examines the perceptions of three groups whose points of view on illness, health care, and the politics of responsibility often differ and frequently conflict: local populations living in developing countries, public health practitioners working in international health, and health planners/policy makers. The book is written for both health social scientists working in the fields of international health and development and public health practitioners interested in learning practical lessons they can put to good use when engaging communities in participatory problem solving. Global Health critically examines representations that frame international health discourse. It also addresses the politics of what is possible in a world compelled to work together to face emerging and re-emerging diseases, the control of health threats associated with political ecology and defective modernization, and the rise of new assemblages of people who share a sense of biosociality. The book proposes research priorities for a new program of health social science research. Nichter calls for greater involvement by social scientists in studies of global health and emphasizes how medical anthropologists in particular can better involve themselves as scholar activists.

Blind Spot

How Neoliberalism Infiltrated Global Health

Author: Salmaan Keshavjee,Paul Farmer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520282841

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 1599

Neoliberalism has been the defining paradigm in global health since the latter part of the twentieth century. What started as an untested and unproven theory that the creation of unfettered markets would give rise to political democracy led to policies that promoted the belief that private markets were the optimal agents for the distribution of social goods, including health care. A vivid illustration of the infiltration of neoliberal ideology into the design and implementation of development programs, this case study, set in post-Soviet Tajikistan’s remote eastern province of Badakhshan, draws on extensive ethnographic and historical material to examine a “revolving drug fund” program—used by numerous nongovernmental organizations globally to address shortages of high-quality pharmaceuticals in poor communities. Provocative, rigorous, and accessible, Blind Spot offers a cautionary tale about the forces driving decision making in health and development policy today, illustrating how the privatization of health care can have catastrophic outcomes for some of the world’s most vulnerable populations.

Understanding Global Health, 2E

Author: Ray A. Smego, Jr.

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071791000

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 1029

A complete introductory review of global health--updated to reflect the latest issues and challenges The first edition of Understanding Global Health set a new information standard for this rapidly emerging subject. Written by a remarkable group of authors and contributors, this comprehensive, engagingly written text offers unmatched coverage of every important topic--from infectious disease to economics to war. Created with the non-specialist in mind, Understanding Global Health explores the current burden of disease in the world, how health is determined, and the problems faced by populations and health care workers around the world. The second edition has been thoroughly updated to include the most current information and timely topics. New chapters cover such topics as human trafficking, malaria and neglected tropical diseases, surgical issues in global health, and mental health. Every chapter includes Learning Objectives, Summary, Study Questions, and References and, in many instances, practical case examples. Thorough coverage of every important subject, including: Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Surveillance Nutrition Primary Care in Global Health Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS Education and Careers in Global Health Aging Populations and Chronic Illness Global Health Ethics

Metrics

What Counts in Global Health

Author: Vincanne Adams

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 082237448X

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 6129

This volume's contributors evaluate the accomplishments, limits, and consequences of using quantitative metrics in global health. Whether analyzing maternal mortality rates, the relationships between political goals and metrics data, or the links between health outcomes and a program's fiscal support, the contributors question the ability of metrics to solve global health problems. They capture a moment when global health scholars and practitioners must evaluate the potential effectiveness and pitfalls of different metrics—even as they remain elusive and problematic. Contributors. Vincanne Adams, Susan Erikson, Molly Hales, Pierre Minn, Adeola Oni-Orisan, Carolyn Smith-Morris, Marlee Tichenor, Lily Walkover, Claire L. Wendland

Negotiating and Navigating Global Health

Case Studies in Global Health Diplomacy

Author: Ellen Rosskam,Ilona Kickbusch

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814405221

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 5633

Diplomacy is undergoing profound changes in the 21st century, and global health is one of the areas where this is most apparent. The negotiation processes that shape and manage the global policy environment for health are increasingly conducted not only between public health experts representing health ministries of nation states but include many other major players at the national level and in the global arena. These include philanthropists and public-private players. As health moves beyond its purely technical realm to become an ever more critical element in foreign policy, security policy, and trade agreements, new skills are needed to negotiate global regimes, international agreements and treaties, and to maintain relations with a wide range of actors. The intent of this book is to provide learning tools for today's broad group of “new health diplomats” in the landscape of this ever-shifting, complex technical and political arena. The case studies are told as the negotiations were experienced by individuals who participated in the various debates, dialogues, negotiations, or by experts who have studied them. This collection fills an important gap in both knowledge and practice providing insight on how negotiations on global health issues have transpired, the successes, challenges, failures, tools and frameworks for negotiation, mechanisms of policy coherence, ways to achieve global health objectives internationally, and how global health diplomacy used as a foreign policy tool can improve relations between nations. Contents:Introduction: The Art and Practice of Conducting Global Health Negotiations in the 21st Century (Ilona Kickbusch and Ellen Rosskam)Navigating the Negotiating Space Between Geneva and New York: A Case Study in Foreign Policy and Global Health (Luvuyo Ndimeni)Public Health Diplomacy in the WTO: Experience from Developing Countries in Negotiations on Health and Related Services in GATS and Issues Related to Public Health in TRIPS (Ahmad Mukhtar)Negotiating the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: Public Health Joins the Arcane World of Multilateral Diplomacy (Kenneth W Bernard)Negotiating the Revised International Health Regulations (IHR) (Rebecca Katz and Anna Muldoon)Transformative Diplomacy: Negotiation of the WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel (Allyn L Taylor and Ibadat S Dhillon)Negotiating Issues Related to Pandemic Influenza Preparedness: The Sharing of Influenza Viruses and Access to Vaccines and Other Benefits (John E Lange)Negotiating Equitable Access to Influenza Vaccines: Global Health Diplomacy and the Controversies Surrounding Avian Influenza H5N1 and Pandemic Influenza H1N1 (David P Fidler)Preparing for Health Diplomacy Negotiations — Global Governance and the Case of Taiwan, WHO, and SARS (Bryan A Liang and Tim Mackey)China's Engagement with Global Health Diplomacy: Was SARS a Watershed? (Lai-Ha Chan, Lucy Chen and Jin Xu)Destruction of the Smallpox Virus Stocks: Negotiating for Consensus in the World Health Organization (Jonathan B Tucker)Negotiating in the World Health Organization: The Intergovernmental Working Group on Intellectual Property, Innovation, and Public Health (Howard A Zucker)Taking the Fight Beyond Official Negotiations: Stakeholders Mobilise Against Counterfeit Drugs (James N Class)Global Health Workforce Alliance: Negotiating for Access to Health Workers for All (Mubashar Sheikh and Muhammad Mahmood Afzal)The US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief: Negotiating a Recreation in Global Health and Development (Mark Dybul)Negotiating ARV Prices with Pharmaceutical Companies and the South African Government: A Civil Society/Legal Approach (Christopher J Colvin and Mark Heywood)Negotiating Health Reform in Kyrgyzstan: Government Management of Donors and Stakeholders (Judyth L Twigg)Yellow Fever and Health Diplomacy: International Efforts to Stop the Urban Yellow Fever Outbreak in Paraguay (Jon Kim Andrus, Alba María Ropero, Gladys Ghisays, Stacy Romero, Barbara Jauregui and Cuauhtemoc Ruiz Matus)Diplomacy and the Polio Immunization Boycott in Northern Nigeria (Judith R Kaufmann and Harley Feldbaum) Readership: Global health and international health programs in: universities, hospitals, foundations, government agencies, NGOs (addressing trade, health, specific diseases, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, climate change), research institutes, think tanks, international organizations. Diplomats in Ministries of Health, Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Departments of State, government departments of public health, Ministries of Trade and Commerce, and firms that conduct lobbying for special interest groups on issues related to pharmaceuticals, health related issues, trade, technology related to health, climate change, and international health.

An Introduction to Global Health Delivery

Author: Joia S. Mukherjee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190662476

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 5476

"What Mukherjee attempts, and succeeds in doing, is to offer what many students -- undergraduates as well as students of medicine, nursing, and public health -- have long clamored for: a primer not only of recent developments in global health, but also a patient dissection of what has worked less well (and what hasn't worked at all)." --Paul Farmer, from the foreword The field of global health has roots in the AIDS pandemic of the late 20th century, when the installation of health care systems supplanted older, low-cost prevention programs to help stem the spread of HIV in low- and middle-income Africa. Today's global health is rooted the belief that health care is a human right, and that by promoting health we can cultivate equity and social justice in places where such values aren't always found. AN INTRODUCTION TO GLOBAL HEALTH DELIVERY is a short but immersive introduction to global health's origins, actors, interventions, and challenges. Informed by physician Joia Mukherjee's quarter-century of experience fighting disease and poverty in more than a dozen countries, it delivers a clear-eyed overview of the movement underway to reduce global health disparities and establish sustainable access to care, including details of what has worked so far -- and what hasn't. Grounded in the historical and social factors that propagate health disparities and enriched with case studies and exercises that encourage readers to think critically about the subject matter, this text is the essential starting point for readers of any background seeking a practical grounding in global health's promise and progress.

Global Health in Times of Violence

Author: Barbara Rylko-Bauer,Linda M. Whiteford,Paul Farmer

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781934691144

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 3976

What are the prospects for human health in a world threatened by disease and violence? In this volume, leading scholars and practitioners examine the impact of structural, military, and communal violence on health, psychosocial well-being, and health care delivery.

A History of Global Health

Interventions Into the Lives of Other Peoples

Author: Randall M. Packard

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421420333

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 5164

Over the past century, hundreds of billions of dollars have been invested in programs aimed at improving health on a global scale. Given the enormous scale and complexity of these lifesaving operations, why do millions of people in low-income countries continue to live without access to basic health services, sanitation, or clean water? And why are deadly diseases like Ebola able to spread so quickly among populations? In A History of Global Health, Randall M. Packard argues that global-health initiatives have saved millions of lives but have had limited impact on the overall health of people living in underdeveloped areas, where health-care workers are poorly paid, infrastructure and basic supplies such as disposable gloves, syringes, and bandages are lacking, and little effort has been made to address the underlying social and economic determinants of ill health. Global-health campaigns have relied on the application of biomedical technologies—vaccines, insecticide-treated nets, vitamin A capsules—to attack specific health problems but have failed to invest in building lasting infrastructure for managing the ongoing health problems of local populations. Designed to be read and taught, the book offers a critical historical view, providing historians, policy makers, researchers, program managers, and students with an essential new perspective on the formation and implementation of global-health policies and practices.

AIDS and Accusation

Haiti and the Geography of Blame

Author: Paul Farmer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520933028

Category: Medical

Page: 372

View: 8268

Does the scientific "theory" that HIV came to North America from Haiti stem from underlying attitudes of racism and ethnocentrism in the United States rather than from hard evidence? Award-winning author and anthropologist-physician Paul Farmer answers with this, the first full-length ethnographic study of AIDS in a poor society. First published in 1992 this new edition has been updated and a new preface added.

Birthing a Mother

The Surrogate Body and the Pregnant Self

Author: Elly Teman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520259637

Category: Social Science

Page: 361

View: 6989

This is an ethnography which probes the intimate experience of gestational surrogate motherhood. Teman shows how surrogates and intended mothers carefully negotiate their cooperative endeavour.

Building Partnerships in the Americas

A Guide for Global Health Workers

Author: Margo J. Krasnoff

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 161168420X

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 3379

A historical, cultural, and medical guide for those planning to do health-related work in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean

When Bodies Remember

Experiences and Politics of AIDS in South Africa

Author: Didier Fassin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520940458

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 9945

In this book, France's leading medical anthropologist takes on one of the most tragic stories of the global AIDS crisis—the failure of the ANC government to stem the tide of the AIDS epidemic in South Africa. Didier Fassin traces the deep roots of the AIDS crisis to apartheid and, before that, to the colonial period. One person in ten is infected with HIV in South Africa, and President Thabo Mbeki has initiated a global controversy by funding questionable medical research, casting doubt on the benefits of preventing mother-to-child transmission, and embracing dissidents who challenge the viral theory of AIDS. Fassin contextualizes Mbeki's position by sensitively exploring issues of race and genocide that surround this controversy. Basing his discussion on vivid ethnographical data collected in the townships of Johannesburg, he passionately demonstrates that the unprecedented epidemiological crisis in South Africa is a demographic catastrophe as well as a human tragedy, one that cannot be understood without reference to the social history of the country, in particular to institutionalized racial inequality as the fundamental principle of government during the past century.

Infections and Inequalities

The Modern Plagues

Author: Paul Farmer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520229136

Category: Medical

Page: 375

View: 9884

Argues that illnesses such as AIDS and drug-resistant tuberculosis, malaria, and typhoid target poor communities.

An Introduction to Global Health Ethics

Author: Andrew D. Pinto,Ross E. G. Upshur

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136178015

Category: Medical

Page: 176

View: 1273

The field of global health is expanding rapidly. An increasing number of trainees are studying and working with marginalized populations, often within low and middle-income countries. Such endeavours are beset by ethical dilemmas: mitigating power differentials, addressing cultural differences in how health and illness are viewed, and obtaining individual and community consent in research. This introductory textbook supports students to understand and work through key areas of concern, assisting them in moving towards a more critical view of global health practise. Divided into two sections covering the theory and practice of global health ethics, the text begins by looking at definitions of global health and the field’s historical context. It draws on anti-colonial perspectives concepts, developing social justice and solidarity as key principles to guide students. The second part focuses on ethical challenges students may face in clinical experiences or research. Topics such as working with indigenous communities, the politics of global health governance, and the ethical challenges of advocacy are explored using a case study approach. An Introduction to Global Health Ethics includes recommended resources and further readings, and is ideal for students from a range of disciplines – including public health, medicine, nursing, law and development studies – who are undertaking undergraduate and graduate courses in ethics or placements overseas.

Textbook of International Health: Global Health in a Dynamic World

Author: N.A

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199885214

Category: Medical

Page: 608

View: 895

This classic text, formerly known as the "Basch" textbook, now completely revised in an updated new edition, brings together information that students and professionals working in the wide variety of disciplines concerned with international health will find in no other single source. It synthesizes historical, cultural, environmental, economic and political considerations to provide a comprehensive global overview of the many factors that determine the health of individuals and populations. The major determinants of health status in all regions of the world are discussed, and interventions undertaken at community, national, and international levels are described. The new edition features a renowned new authorship committed to updating and expanding the entire content while retaining the core elements of Basch's excellent text.