Case Studies in Global Health Diplomacy
Author: Ellen Rosskam,Ilona Kickbusch
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Diplomacy is undergoing profound changes in the 21st century, and global health is one of the areas where this is most apparent. The negotiation processes that shape and manage the global policy environment for health are increasingly conducted not only between public health experts representing health ministries of nation states but include many other major players at the national level and in the global arena. These include philanthropists and public-private players. As health moves beyond its purely technical realm to become an ever more critical element in foreign policy, security policy, and trade agreements, new skills are needed to negotiate global regimes, international agreements and treaties, and to maintain relations with a wide range of actors. The intent of this book is to provide learning tools for today's broad group of “new health diplomats” in the landscape of this ever-shifting, complex technical and political arena. The case studies are told as the negotiations were experienced by individuals who participated in the various debates, dialogues, negotiations, or by experts who have studied them. This collection fills an important gap in both knowledge and practice providing insight on how negotiations on global health issues have transpired, the successes, challenges, failures, tools and frameworks for negotiation, mechanisms of policy coherence, ways to achieve global health objectives internationally, and how global health diplomacy used as a foreign policy tool can improve relations between nations. Contents:Introduction: The Art and Practice of Conducting Global Health Negotiations in the 21st Century (Ilona Kickbusch and Ellen Rosskam)Navigating the Negotiating Space Between Geneva and New York: A Case Study in Foreign Policy and Global Health (Luvuyo Ndimeni)Public Health Diplomacy in the WTO: Experience from Developing Countries in Negotiations on Health and Related Services in GATS and Issues Related to Public Health in TRIPS (Ahmad Mukhtar)Negotiating the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: Public Health Joins the Arcane World of Multilateral Diplomacy (Kenneth W Bernard)Negotiating the Revised International Health Regulations (IHR) (Rebecca Katz and Anna Muldoon)Transformative Diplomacy: Negotiation of the WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel (Allyn L Taylor and Ibadat S Dhillon)Negotiating Issues Related to Pandemic Influenza Preparedness: The Sharing of Influenza Viruses and Access to Vaccines and Other Benefits (John E Lange)Negotiating Equitable Access to Influenza Vaccines: Global Health Diplomacy and the Controversies Surrounding Avian Influenza H5N1 and Pandemic Influenza H1N1 (David P Fidler)Preparing for Health Diplomacy Negotiations — Global Governance and the Case of Taiwan, WHO, and SARS (Bryan A Liang and Tim Mackey)China's Engagement with Global Health Diplomacy: Was SARS a Watershed? (Lai-Ha Chan, Lucy Chen and Jin Xu)Destruction of the Smallpox Virus Stocks: Negotiating for Consensus in the World Health Organization (Jonathan B Tucker)Negotiating in the World Health Organization: The Intergovernmental Working Group on Intellectual Property, Innovation, and Public Health (Howard A Zucker)Taking the Fight Beyond Official Negotiations: Stakeholders Mobilise Against Counterfeit Drugs (James N Class)Global Health Workforce Alliance: Negotiating for Access to Health Workers for All (Mubashar Sheikh and Muhammad Mahmood Afzal)The US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief: Negotiating a Recreation in Global Health and Development (Mark Dybul)Negotiating ARV Prices with Pharmaceutical Companies and the South African Government: A Civil Society/Legal Approach (Christopher J Colvin and Mark Heywood)Negotiating Health Reform in Kyrgyzstan: Government Management of Donors and Stakeholders (Judyth L Twigg)Yellow Fever and Health Diplomacy: International Efforts to Stop the Urban Yellow Fever Outbreak in Paraguay (Jon Kim Andrus, Alba María Ropero, Gladys Ghisays, Stacy Romero, Barbara Jauregui and Cuauhtemoc Ruiz Matus)Diplomacy and the Polio Immunization Boycott in Northern Nigeria (Judith R Kaufmann and Harley Feldbaum) Readership: Global health and international health programs in: universities, hospitals, foundations, government agencies, NGOs (addressing trade, health, specific diseases, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, climate change), research institutes, think tanks, international organizations. Diplomats in Ministries of Health, Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Departments of State, government departments of public health, Ministries of Trade and Commerce, and firms that conduct lobbying for special interest groups on issues related to pharmaceuticals, health related issues, trade, technology related to health, climate change, and international health.