Reliability of Structures, Second Edition

Author: Andrzej S. Nowak,Kevin R. Collins

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415675758

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 407

View: 1373

Reliability of Structures enables both students and practising engineers to appreciate how to value and handle reliability as an important dimension of structural design. It discusses the concepts of limit states and limit state functions, and presents methodologies for calculating reliability indices and calibrating partial safety factors. It also supplies information on the probability distributions and parameters used to characterize both applied loads and member resistances. This revised and extended second edition contains more discussions of US and international codes and the issues underlying their development. There is significant revision and expansion of the discussion on Monte Carlo simulation, along with more examples. The book serves as a textbook for a one-semester course for advanced undergraduates or graduate students, or as a reference and guide to consulting structural engineers. Its emphasis is on the practical applications of structural reliability theory rather than the theory itself. Consequently, probability theory is treated as a tool, and enough is given to show the novice reader how to calculate reliability. Some background in structural engineering and structural mechanics is assumed. A solutions manual is available upon qualifying course adoption.

Structural Reliability

Statistical Learning Perspectives

Author: Jorge Eduardo Hurtado

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540219637

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 257

View: 7318

The last decades have witnessed the development of methods for solving struc tural reliability problems, which emerged from the efforts of numerous re searchers all over the world. For the specific and most common problem of determining the probability of failure of a structural system in which the limit state function g( x) = 0 is only implicitly known, the proposed methods can be grouped into two main categories: • Methods based on the Taylor expansion of the performance function g(x) about the most likely failure point (the design point), which is determined in the solution process. These methods are known as FORM and SORM (First- and Second Order Reliability Methods, respectively). • Monte Carlo methods, which require repeated calls of the numerical (nor mally finite element) solver of the structural model using a random real ization of the basic variable set x each time. In the first category of methods only SORM can be considered of a wide applicability. However, it requires the knowledge of the first and second deriva tives of the performance function, whose calculation in several dimensions either implies a high computational effort when faced with finite difference techniques or special programs when using perturbation techniques, which nevertheless require the use of large matrices in their computations. In or der to simplify this task, use has been proposed of techniques that can be regarded as variants of the Response Surface Method.

Structural Reliability Analysis and Prediction

Author: Robert E. Melchers,Andre T. Beck

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119265991

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 4569

Structural Reliability Analysis and Prediction, Third Edition is a textbook which addresses the important issue of predicting the safety of structures at the design stage and also the safety of existing, perhaps deteriorating structures. Attention is focused on the development and definition of limit states such as serviceability and ultimate strength, the definition of failure and the various models which might be used to describe strength and loading. This book emphasises concepts and applications, built up from basic principles and avoids undue mathematical rigour. It presents an accessible and unified account of the theory and techniques for the analysis of the reliability of engineering structures using probability theory. This new edition has been updated to cover new developments and applications and a new chapter is included which covers structural optimization in the context of reliability analysis. New examples and end of chapter problems are also now included.

System Reliability Theory

Models, Statistical Methods, and Applications

Author: Marvin Rausand,Arnljot Høyland

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471471332

Category: Mathematics

Page: 636

View: 5300

A thoroughly updated and revised look at system reliability theory Since the first edition of this popular text was published nearly a decade ago, new standards have changed the focus of reliability engineering and introduced new concepts and terminology not previously addressed in the engineering literature. Consequently, the Second Edition of System Reliability Theory: Models, Statistical Methods, and Applications has been thoroughly rewritten and updated to meet current standards. To maximize its value as a pedagogical tool, the Second Edition features: Additional chapters on reliability of maintained systems and reliability assessment of safety-critical systems Discussion of basic assessment methods for operational availability and production regularity New concepts and terminology not covered in the first edition Revised sequencing of chapters for better pedagogical structure New problems, examples, and cases for a more applied focus An accompanying Web site with solutions, overheads, and supplementary information With its updated practical focus, incorporation of industry feedback, and many new examples based on real industry problems and data, the Second Edition of this important text should prove to be more useful than ever for students, instructors, and researchers alike.

Handbook of Structural Engineering, Second Edition

Author: W.F. Chen,E.M. Lui

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420039931

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1768

View: 8008

Continuing the tradition of the best-selling Handbook of Structural Engineering, this second edition is a comprehensive reference to the broad spectrum of structural engineering, encapsulating the theoretical, practical, and computational aspects of the field. The authors address a myriad of topics, covering both traditional and innovative approaches to analysis, design, and rehabilitation. The second edition has been expanded and reorganized to be more informative and cohesive. It also follows the developments that have emerged in the field since the previous edition, such as advanced analysis for structural design, performance-based design of earthquake-resistant structures, lifecycle evaluation and condition assessment of existing structures, the use of high-performance materials for construction, and design for safety. Additionally, the book includes numerous tables, charts, and equations, as well as extensive references, reading lists, and websites for further study or more in-depth information. Emphasizing practical applications and easy implementation, this text reflects the increasingly global nature of engineering, compiling the efforts of an international panel of experts from industry and academia. This is a necessity for anyone studying or practicing in the field of structural engineering. New to this edition Fundamental theories of structural dynamics Advanced analysis Wind and earthquake-resistant design Design of prestressed concrete, masonry, timber, and glass structures Properties, behavior, and use of high-performance steel, concrete, and fiber-reinforced polymers Semirigid frame structures Structural bracing Structural design for fire safety

Mathematical Models for Structural Reliability Analysis

Author: Fabio Casciati,Brian Roberts

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849396311

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 8896

Mathematical Models for Structural Reliability Analysis offers mathematical models for describing load and material properties in solving structural engineering problems. Examples are provided, demonstrating how the models are implemented, and the limitations of the models are clearly stated. Analytical solutions are also discussed, and methods are clearly distinguished from models. The authors explain both theoretical models and practical applications in a clear, concise, and readable fashion.

Principles of Structural Design

Author: W.F. Chen,E.M. Lui

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420037137

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 5453

Many important advances in designing modern structures have occurred over the last several years. Structural engineers need an authoritative source of information that thoroughly and concisely covers the foundational principles of the field. Comprising chapters selected from the second edition of the best-selling Handbook of Structural Engineering, Principles of Structural Design provides a tightly focused, concise, and valuable guide to the theoretical, practical, and computational aspects of structural design. This book systematically explores the fundamental concepts underlying structural design for each major type of structural material. Expert contributors authoritatively discuss steel structures, steel frame design using advanced analysis, cold-formed steel structures, reinforced concrete structures, prestressed concrete, and masonry, timber, and aluminum structures. For each construction material, the chapter explores the material properties, design considerations, and structural principles affecting overall design. Reflecting recent advances, the book includes two chapters devoted to reliability-based structural design and structure configuration based on wind engineering. Computational methods and simulation techniques illustrate the concepts of reliability-based design, while examples of real bridges highlight the application of wind engineering principles and methods. Principles of Structural Design couples fundamental concepts with advanced practices. It is an ideal introduction for newcomers to the field as well as a perfect review and quick-reference guide for seasoned engineers.

Applied Methods of Structural Reliability

Author: Milík Tichý

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401119481

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 403

View: 9861

A quarter of the century has elapsed since I gave my first course in structural reliability to graduate students at the University of Waterloo in Canada. Since that time on I have given many courses and seminars to students, researchers, designers, and site engineers interested in reliability. I also participated in and was responsible for numerous projects where reliability solutions were required. During that period, the scope of structural reliability gradually enlarged to become a substantial part of the general reliability theory. First, it is apparent that bearing structures should not be isolated objectives of interest, and, consequently, that constntCted facilities should be studied. Second, a new engineering branch has emerged -reliability engineering. These two facts have highlighted new aspects and asked for new approaches to the theory and applications. I always state in my lectures that the reliability theory is nothing more than mathematized engineering judgment. In fact, thanks mainly to probability and statistics, and also to computers, the empirical knowledge gained by Humankind's construction experience could have been transposed into a pattern of logic thinking, able to produce conclusions and to forecast the behavior of engineering entities. This manner of thinking has developed into an intricate network linked by certain rules, which, in a way, can be considered a type of reliability grammar. We can discern many grammatical concepts in the general structure of the reliability theory.

Reliability and Optimization of Structural Systems ’88

Proceedings of the 2nd IFIP WG7.5 Conference London, UK, September 26–28, 1988

Author: P. Thoft-Christensen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642838286

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 434

View: 7084

The present book contains 30 papers presented at the 2nd Working Conference on Reliability and Optimization of Structural Systems. The purpose of the Working Group was - to promote modern structural system optimization and reliability theory, - to advance international cooperation in the field of structural system optimization and reliability theory, - to stimulate research, development and application of structural system optimization and reliability theory, - to further the dissemination and exchange of information on reliability and optimization of structural system optimization and reliability theory, - to encourage education in structural system optimization and reliability theory.

Planning and Design of Engineering Systems, Second Edition, Second Edition

Author: Graeme Dandy,David Walker,Trevor Daniell,Robert Warner

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203960807

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 1595

Providing students with a commonsense approach to the solution of engineering problems and packed full of practical case studies to illustrate the role of the engineer, the type of work involved and the methodologies employed in engineering practice, this textbook is a comprehensive introduction to the scope and nature of engineering. It outlines a conceptual framework for undertaking engineering projects then provides a range of techniques and tools for solving the sorts of problems that commonly arise. Focusing in particular on civil engineering design, problem solving, and the range of techniques and tools it employs, the authors also explore: creativity and problem solving, social and environmental issues, management, communications and law, and ethics the planning, design, modelling and analysis phases and the implementation or construction phase. Designed specifically for introductory courses on undergraduate engineering programs, this extensively revised and extended second edition is an invaluable resource for all new engineering undergraduates as well as non-specialist readers who are seeking information on the nature of engineering work and how it is carried out.

The Certified Reliability Engineer Handbook, Second Edition

Author: Donald W. Benbow,Hugh W. Broome

Publisher: ASQ Quality Press

ISBN: 0873898370

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 2496

The reliability engineer is a professional who understands the principles of performance evaluation and prediction to improve product/systems safety, reliability and maintainability. The structure of this book is based on that of the Body of Knowledge specified by ASQ for the Certified Reliability Engineer, which includes design review and control; prediction, estimation, and apportionment methodology; failure mode effects and analysis; the planning, operation and analysis of reliability testing and field failures, including mathematical modeling; understanding human factors in reliability; and the ability to develop and administer reliability information systems for failure analysis, design and performance improvement and reliability program management over the entire product life cycle. Study questions have been provided on an accompanying CD-ROM, listed by Parts (I–VII) of the Body of Knowledge. A simulated exam approximately half the size of the actual exam, with questions distributed (Parts I–VII) approximately proportional to the information contained in the Body of Knowledge, has also been provided.

Structural Modeling and Experimental Techniques, Second Edition

Author: Harry G. Harris,Gajanan Sabnis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420049589

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 808

View: 8686

Structural Modeling and Experimental Techniques presents a current treatment of structural modeling for applications in design, research, education, and product development. Providing numerous case studies throughout, the book emphasizes modeling the behavior of reinforced and prestressed concrete and masonry structures. Structural Modeling and Experimental Techniques: Concentrates on the modeling of the true inelastic behavior of structures Provides case histories detailing applications of the modeling techniques to real structures Discusses the historical background of model analysis and similitude principles governing the design, testing, and interpretation of models Evaluates the limitations and benefits of elastic models Analyzes materials for reinforced concrete masonry and steel models Assesses the critical nature of scale effects of model testing Describes selected laboratory techniques and loading methods Contains material on errors as well as the accuracy and reliability of physical modeling Examines dynamic similitude and modeling techniques for studying dynamic loading of structures Covers actual applications of structural modeling This book serves students in model analysis and experimental methods, professionals manufacturing and testing structural models, as well as professionals testing large or full-scale structures - since the instrumentation techniques and overall approaches for testing large structures are very similar to those used in small-scale modeling work.

Fundamentals of Powder Diffraction and Structural Characterization of Materials, Second Edition

Author: Vitalij Pecharsky,Peter Zavalij

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387095780

Category: Science

Page: 744

View: 6552

A little over ?ve years have passed since the ?rst edition of this book appeared in print. Seems like an instant but also eternity, especially considering numerous developments in the hardware and software that have made it from the laboratory test beds into the real world of powder diffraction. This prompted a revision, which had to be beyond cosmetic limits. The book was, and remains focused on standard laboratory powder diffractometry. It is still meant to be used as a text for teaching students about the capabilities and limitations of the powder diffraction method. We also hope that it goes beyond a simple text, and therefore, is useful as a reference to practitioners of the technique. The original book had seven long chapters that may have made its use as a text - convenient. So the second edition is broken down into 25 shorter chapters. The ?rst ?fteen are concerned with the fundamentals of powder diffraction, which makes it much more logical, considering a typical 16-week long semester. The last ten ch- ters are concerned with practical examples of structure solution and re?nement, which were preserved from the ?rst edition and expanded by another example – R solving the crystal structure of Tylenol .

Baustoff und Konstruktion

Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von Harald Budelmann

Author: Reinhard Nothnagel,Heiko Twelmeier

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642295738

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 524

View: 8839

Experten aus dem In- und Ausland erläutern in ihren Artikeln die Entwicklung und den Einsatz der Betontechnologie – insbesondere moderner Hochleistungsbetone. Ferner würdigen sie den Beitrag von Professor Harald Budelmann zur Baustoff- und Bauwerksprüfung. Breit diskutiert werden Fragen zur Dauerhaftigkeit und zur Nachhaltigkeit in der Baustoffentwicklung, andere, praxisbezogene Beiträge widmen sich der Zustandserfassung und der Instandsetzung oder auch der Beurteilung der Sicherheit und Leistungsfähigkeit von Bauwerken.

Probability, Statistics, and Reliability for Engineers and Scientists, Second Edition

Author: Bilal M. Ayyub,Richard H. McCuen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584882862

Category: Mathematics

Page: 656

View: 7695

Virtually every engineer and scientist needs to be able to collect, analyze, interpret, and properly use vast arrays of data. This means acquiring a solid foundation in the methods of data analysis and synthesis. Understanding the theoretical aspects is important, but learning to properly apply the theory to real-world problems is essential. The second edition of this bestselling text introduces probability, statistics, reliability, and risk methods with an ideal balance of theory and applications. Clearly written and firmly focused on the practical use of these methods, it places increased emphasis on simulation, particularly as a modeling tool, applying it progressively with projects that continue in each chapter. It also features expanded discussions of the analysis of variance including single- and two-factor analyses and a thorough treatment of Monte Carlo simulation. The authors clearly establish the limitations, advantages, and disadvantages of each method, but also show that data analysis is a continuum rather than the isolated application of different methods. Probability, Statistics, and Reliability for Engineers and Scientists, Second Edition, was designed as both a reference and as a textbook, and it serves each purpose well. Ultimately, readers will find its content of great value in problem solving and decision making, particularly in practical applications.

The Civil Engineering Handbook, Second Edition

Author: W.F. Chen,J.Y. Richard Liew

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420041215

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2904

View: 7535

First published in 1995, the award-winning Civil Engineering Handbook soon became known as the field's definitive reference. To retain its standing as a complete, authoritative resource, the editors have incorporated into this edition the many changes in techniques, tools, and materials that over the last seven years have found their way into civil engineering research and practice. The Civil Engineering Handbook, Second Edition is more comprehensive than ever. You'll find new, updated, and expanded coverage in every section. In fact, more than 1/3 of the handbook is new or substantially revised. In particular you'll find increased focus on computing reflecting the rapid advances in computer technology that has revolutionized many aspects of civil engineering. You'll use it as a survey of the field, you'll use it to explore a particular subject, but most of all you'll use The Civil Engineering Handbook to answer the problems, questions, and conundrums you encounter in practice.

Reliability Engineering and Risk Analysis

A Practical Guide, Third Edition

Author: Mohammad Modarres,Mark P. Kaminskiy,Vasiliy Krivtsov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 149874589X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 522

View: 8477

This undergraduate and graduate textbook provides a practical and comprehensive overview of reliability and risk analysis techniques. Written for engineering students and practicing engineers, the book is multi-disciplinary in scope. The new edition has new topics in classical confidence interval estimation; Bayesian uncertainty analysis; models for physics-of-failure approach to life estimation; extended discussions on the generalized renewal process and optimal maintenance; and further modifications, updates, and discussions. The book includes examples to clarify technical subjects and many end of chapter exercises. PowerPoint slides and a Solutions Manual are also available.

Reliability Theory and Its Application in Structural and Soil Mechanics

Author: P. Thoft-Christensen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400968965

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 651

View: 8635

The proceedings contain lectures and short papers presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on »Reliability Theory and Its Application in Structural and Soil Me chanics», Bornholm, Denmark, August 31 -September 9,1982. The proceedings are organized in two parts. The first part contains 12 papers by the invited lecturers and the second part contains 23 papers by participants plus one paper from an invited lecturer (la~e arrival). The Institute dealt with specific topics on application of modem reliability theories in structural engineering and soil mechanics. Both fundamental theory and more ad vanced theory were covered. Lecture courses were followed by tutorial and summary discussions with active participation of those attending the Institute. Special lectures of topical subjects were given by a number of invited speake~, leading to plenary dis cussions and summary statements on important aspects of application of modem .re liability theory in structural engineering and soil mechanics. A great number of the participants presented brief reports of their own research activities.

Probabilistic Methods In The Theory Of Structures: Strength Of Materials, Random Vibrations, And Random Buckling

Author: Elishakoff Isaac E

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813149876

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 524

View: 9553

The first edition of this book appeared over three decades ago (Wiley-Interscience, 1983), whereas the second one saw light on the verge of new millennium (Dover, 1999). This is third, corrected and expanded edition that appears in conjunction with its companion volume Probabilistic Methods in the Theory of Structures: Complete Worked-Through Solutions. Thus, the reader is able to both get acquainted with the theoretical material and be able to master some of the problems, following Chinese dictum: I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand — Confucius. The main idea of the book lies in the fact that three topics: probabilistic strength of materials, random vibrations, and probabilistic buckling are presented in a single package allowing one to see the forest in between the trees. Indeed, these three topics usually are presented in separate manners, in different specialized books. Here, the reader gets a feeling of true unity of the subject at large in order to appreciate that in the end what one wants is reliability of the structure, in conjunction with its operating conditions. As the author describes in the Preface of the second edition, this book was not conceived ab initio, as a book that author strived to compose. Rather, it was forced, as it were, upon me due to two reasons. One was rather a surprising but understandable requirement in the venerable Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands to prepare the lecture notes for students with the view of reducing skyrocketing costs of acquisition of textbooks by the students. The other one was an unusually warm acceptance of the notes that the author prepared while at Delft University of Technology and later in Haifa, at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology by the legendary engineering scientist Warner Tjardus Koiter (1914–1997). The energy necessary to prepare the second and third editions came from enthusiastic reviews that appeared in various sources. Author embraced the simplicity of exposition as the main virtue following Isaac Newton's view that "Truth is ever to be found in simplicity, and not in the multiplicity and confusion of things."