Religion and Language in Post-Soviet Russia

Author: Brian P. Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136736123

Category: Religion

Page: 200

View: 9044

Church Slavonic, one of the world's historic sacred languages, has experienced a revival in post-Soviet Russia. Blending religious studies and sociolinguistics, this is the first book devoted to Church Slavonic in the contemporary period. It is not a narrow study in linguistics, but uses Slavonic as a passkey into various wider topics, including the renewal and factionalism of the Orthodox Church; the transformation of the Russian language; and the debates about protecting the nation from Western cults and culture. It considers both official and popular forms of Orthodox Christianity, as well as Russia's esoteric and neo-pagan traditions. Ranging over such diverse areas as liturgy, pedagogy, typography, mythology, and conspiracy theory, the book illuminates the complex interrelationship between language and faith in post-communist society, and shows how Slavonic has performed important symbolic work during a momentous chapter in Russian history. It is of great interest to scholars of sociolinguistics and of religion, as well as to Russian studies specialists.

Fashion and the Consumer Revolution in Contemporary Russia

Author: Olga Gurova

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135020302

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 8411

This book explores how clothing consumption has changed in Russia in the past 20 years as capitalism has grown in a postsocialist state, bringing with it a "consumer revolution." It shows how there has been and continues to be a massive change in the fashion retail market and how ideal lifestyles portrayed in glossy magazines and other media have contributed to the consumer revolution, as have shifts in the social structure and everyday life. Overall, the book, which includes the findings of extensive original research, including in-depth interviews with consumers, relates changes in fashion and retail to changing outlooks, identities, and ideologies in Russia more generally. The mentioned changes are also linked to the theoretical concept of fashion formed in postsocialist society.

Digital Orthodoxy in the Post-Soviet World

The Russian Orthodox Church and Web 2.0

Author: Mikhail Suslov

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 3838268717

Category: Religion

Page: 350

View: 3840

This volume explores the relationship between new media and religion, focusing on the digital era’s impact on the Russian Orthodox Church. A believer may now enter a virtual chapel, light a candle through drag-and-drop, send an online prayer request, or worship virtual icons and relics. In recent years, however, Church leaders and public figures have become increasingly skeptical about new media. The internet, some of them argue, breaches Russia’s “spiritual sovereignty” and implants values and ideas alien to Russian culture. This collection examines how Orthodox ecclesiology has been influenced by its new digital environment, such as the intersection of virtual religious life with religious experience in the “real” church, the role of clerics on the Russian Web, and the transformation of the Orthodox notion of sobornost’ (catholicity), asking whether and how Orthodox activity on the internet can be counted as authentic religious practice.

Renaissance of Classical Allusions in Contemporary Russian Media

Author: Svitlana Malykhina

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739178458

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 8596

Renaissance of Classical Allusions in Contemporary Russian Media takes a unique perspective on Russian media, culture, and society by bridging linguistic anthropology and media studies. Svitlana Malykhina analyzes the role of classical allusions in media as a vehicle for either indoctrination or resistance. She explores how media language reflects cultural beliefs and heritage, and forms social identity and group membership.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6489

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Popular Religion in Russia

'Double Belief' and the Making of an Academic Myth

Author: Stella Rock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134369786

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 923

This book dispels the widely-held view that paganism survived in Russia alongside Orthodox Christianity, demonstrating that 'double belief', dvoeverie, is in fact an academic myth. Scholars, citing the medieval origins of the term, have often portrayed Russian Christianity as uniquely muddied by paganism, with 'double-believing' Christians consciously or unconsciously preserving pagan traditions even into the twentieth century. This volume shows how the concept of dvoeverie arose with nineteenth-century scholars obsessed with the Russian 'folk' and was perpetuated as a propaganda tool in the Soviet period, colouring our perception of both popular faith in Russian and medieval Russian culture for over a century. It surveys the wide variety of uses of the term from the eleventh to the seventeenth century, and contrasts them to its use in modern historiography, concluding that our modern interpretation of dvoeverie would not have been recognized by medieval clerics, and that 'double-belief' is a modern academic construct. Furthermore, it offers a brief foray into medieval Orthodoxy via the mind of the believer, through the language and literature of the period.

Religion, Politics and Nation-Building in Post-Communist Countries

Author: Greg Simons,David Westerlund

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472449711

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 8182

The increasing significance and visibility of relationships between religion and public arenas and institutions following the fall of communism in Europe provide the core focus of this fascinating book. Leading international scholars consider the religious and political role of Christian Orthodoxy in the Russian Federation, Romania, Georgia and Ukraine alongside the revival of old, indigenous religions, often referred to as 'shamanistic' and look at how, despite Islam’s long history and many adherents in the south, Islamophobic attitudes have increasingly been added to traditional anti-Semitic, anti-Western or anti-liberal elements of Russian nationalism. Contrasts between the church’s position in the post-communist nation building process of secular Estonia with its role in predominantly Catholic Poland are also explored. Religion, Politics and Nation-Building in Post-Communist Countries gives a broad overview of the political importance of religion in the Post-Soviet space but its interest and relevance extends far beyond the geographical focus, providing examples of the challenges in the spheres of public, religious and social policy for all transitional countries.

Politics of Religion and Nationalism

Federalism, Consociationalism and Seccession

Author: Ferran Requejo,Klaus-Jürgen Nagel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317566068

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 8458

There are numerous examples of how religion and nationalism intertwine. In some cases, a common religion is the fundamental marker of a nation’s identity, whereas in others secular nationalism tries to hold together people of different religious beliefs. This book examines the link between religion and nationalism in contemporary polities. By exploring case studies on India, Russia, Israel, Canada, Chechnya, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Belgium, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Sri Lanka, Catalonia and the Basque Country, it seeks to understand the relationship between these two key societal forms of diversity and assess the interaction between religious and nationalist perspectives. Expert contributors examine a variety of phenomena, including secular nationalism, secessionism, and polities in which religious pluralism is evolving. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, religion and politics, nationalism, federalism, secession, political philosophy, racial and ethnic politics and comparative politics.

Power and Legitimacy

Challenges from Russia

Author: Per-Arne Bodin,Stefan Hedlund,Elena Namli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415677769

Category: Social Science

Page: 245

View: 9839

This book sheds new light on the continuing debate within political thought as to what constitutes power, and what distinguishes legitimate from illegitimate power. It does so by considering the experience of Russia, a polity where experiences of the legitimacy of power and the collapse of power offer a contrast to Western experiences on which most political theory, formulated in the West, is based. The book considers power in a range of contexts – philosophy and discourse; the rule of law and its importance for economic development; the use of culture and religion as means to legitimate power; and liberalism and the reasons for its weakness in Russia. The book concludes by arguing that the Russian experience provides a useful lens through which ideas of power and legitimacy can be re-evaluated and re-interpreted, and through which the idea of "the West" as the ideal model can be questioned.

Modern Pagan and Native Faith Movements in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Kaarina Aitamurto,Scott Simpson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317544625

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 9160

The resurgence of religiosity in post-communist Europe has been widely noted, but the full spectrum of religious practice in the diverse countries of Central and Eastern Europe has been effectively hidden behind the region's range of languages and cultures. This volume presents an overview of one of the most notable developments in the region, the rise of Pagan and "Native Faith" movements. Modern Pagan and Native Faith Movements in Central and Eastern Europe brings together scholars from across the region to present both systematic country overviews - of Armenia, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, and Ukraine - as well as essays exploring specific themes such as racism and the internet. The volume will be of interest to scholars of new religious movements especially those looking for a more comprehensive picture of contemporary paganism beyond the English-speaking world.

Paganism, Traditionalism, Nationalism

Narratives of Russian Rodnoverie

Author: Kaarina Aitamurto

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317084438

Category: Religion

Page: 222

View: 3322

Rodnoverie was one of the first new religious movements to emerge following the collapse of the Soviet Union, its development providing an important lens through which to view changes in post-Soviet religious and political life. Rodnovers view social and political issues as inseparably linked to their religiosity but do not reflect the liberal values dominant among Western Pagans. Indeed, among the conservative and nationalist movements often associated with Rodnoverie in Russia, traditional anti-Western and anti-Semitic rhetoric has recently been overshadowed by anti-Islam and anti-migrant tendencies. Providing a fascinating overview of the history, organisations, adherents, beliefs and practices of Rodnoverie this book presents several different narratives; as a revival of the native Russian or Slavic religion, as a nature religion and as an alternative to modern values and lifestyles. Drawing upon primary sources, documents and books this analysis is supplemented with extensive fieldwork carried out among Rodnoverie communities in Russia and will be of interest to scholars of post-Soviet society, new religious movements and contemporary Paganism in general.

Suggestopedia and Language

Author: W. Jane Bancroft

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135300178

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 382

View: 8696

First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Hochkultur für das Volk?

Literatur, Kunst und Musik in der Sowjetunion aus kulturgeschichtlicher Perspektive

Author: Igor Narskij

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110561301

Category: History

Page: 335

View: 5780

In 15 Beiträgen beschäftigen sich Osteuropahistoriker und Musikwissenschaftler mit der Hochkultur in der Sowjetunion. Dabei wird der Umgang mit dem literarischen, künstlerischen und musikalischen Erbe als eine soziale Praktik der bewussten und professionellen Sinnstiftung begriffen. Die alltäglichen und von den Akteuren oft kaum wahrgenommenen Tätigkeiten und Prozesse stehen im Fokus des Interesses. Thematisiert werden die Auswirkungen der historischen Umbrüche auf die Kultur, die Kulturpolitik und die Kulturideale in der Sowjetunion, die Aspekte des Kulturtransfers, der Kulturvermittlung und der Rezeption von Kultur sowie die Rolle des Jazz als Alternativkultur. Der Sammelband ist Ergebnis eines internationalen Kolloquiums, das am Historischen Kolleg (München) unter Leitung von Professor Dr. Igor Narskij stattfand.

Translation in Russian Contexts

Culture, Politics, Identity

Author: Brian James Baer,Susanna Witt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131530533X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 350

View: 1095

This volume represents the first large-scale effort to address topics of translation in Russian contexts across the disciplinary boundaries of Slavic Studies and Translation Studies, thus opening up new perspectives for both fields. Leading scholars from Eastern and Western Europe offer a comprehensive overview of Russian translation history examining a variety of domains, including literature, philosophy and religion. Divided into three parts, this book highlights Russian contributions to translation theory and demonstrates how theoretical perspectives developed within the field help conceptualize relevant problems in cultural context in pre-Soviet, Soviet, and post-Soviet Russia. This transdisciplinary volume is a valuable addition to an under-researched area of translation studies and will appeal to a broad audience of scholars and students across the fields of Translation Studies, Slavic Studies, and Russian and Soviet history.

Russian and East European Books and Manuscripts in the United States

Proceedings of a Conference in Honor of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Bakhmeteff Archive of Russia

Author: Tanya Chebotarev,Jared S. Ingersoll

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317955382

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 154

View: 1823

Gain a better understanding of the past and cultures of Slavic and East European peoples with American archival collections! Russian and East European Books and Manuscripts in the United States, the first collection of its kind, offers perspectives from leading Slavic librarians, archivists and historians on the cultural history of Russian and East European exiles and immigrants to North America in the twentieth century. Editor Tanya Chebotarev—curator of the Bahkmeteff Archive at Columbia University—and a group of leading authorities document the concerted effort to preserve Russian and East European written culture outside the bounds of Communist power. This book is a vital addition to the collections of archivists, librarians, historians, and graduate students in Russian studies and American immigrations. Russian and East European Books and Manuscripts in the United States explores the role of Russian émigrés, librarians, and scholars in the United States in providing a haven for archival collections of Russian literature, art, and historical manuscripts at the height of panic during the Cold War. This essential resource celebrates the efforts made by archivists and librarians in collecting émigré materials. This book addresses many important related topics, such as: an introduction to the life and work of Boris Aleksandrovich Bakhmeteff—financial contributor to the Archive and the last Russian ambassador to the United States before the Bolsheviks’ seizure of power the Eurasianist movement—its roles and views on science, culture, and empire reflections of Russian émigrés on Soviet nationality policies during the 1920s and 1930s American collections on immigrants from the Russian Empire the New York Public Library—its role in collecting and describing vernacular Slavic and East European language and history materials to a diverse readership Columbia University Libraries’ Slavic and East European Collections—a historical overview of these extraordinarily rich collections of materials from or about the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the countries and people of Eastern Europe the Hoover Institution’s Polish émigré collections and the Polish state archives Russian archives online—present status and future prospects This book also details recent efforts to “repatriate” archival collections and libraries abroad and return them to their countries of origin. Disagreements between countries are already emerging, and Russian and East European Books and Manuscripts in the United States discusses their implications and the future of America’s Slavic archives.

Bloodlands

Europa zwischen Hitler und Stalin

Author: Timothy Snyder

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406621856

Category: Political Science

Page: 523

View: 6877

Timothy Snyder nimmt den Leser mit auf eine Reise ins Herz der Finsternis. Er erzählt in seinem aufsehenerregenden, zutiefst aufwühlenden Buch drei miteinander verknüpfte Geschichten Stalins Terrorkampagnen, Hitlers Holocaust und den Hungerkrieg gegen die Kriegsgefangenen und die nichtjüdische Bevölkerung erstmals so, wie sie sich tatsächlich zugetragen haben: zur gleichen Zeit und am gleichen Ort. Makellos recherchiert, atemberaubend geschrieben und von eindringlicher Humanität gehört Bloodlands zu den historischen Büchern, die einen anderen Blick auf die Geschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts eröffnen. Noch bevor der Zweite Weltkrieg begann, hatte Hitlers zeitweiliger Partner und späterer Gegner Stalin bereits Millionen von Menschen umgebracht und setzte dieses Morden während des Krieges fort. Bevor Hitler besiegt war, hatte er sechs Millionen Juden ermorden lassen und ließ Millionen andere Menschen gezielt verhungern. All dies geschah auf einem einzigen Gebiet: den Bloodlands zwischen Russland und Deutschland. Doch als der Zweite Weltkrieg zu Ende war, verschwand die Erinnerung an diesen millionenfachen Mord in der Dunkelheit hinter dem Eisernen Vorhang. Nicht nur unser Bild vom Holocaust erweist sich jedoch mit dem Blick auf die Bloodlands als unvollständig und westlich verzerrt. Auch die Geschichte Europas gewinnt ein verlorenes Terrain im Osten zurück: die gemeinsame Erinnerung an 14 Millionen Tote und die größte Tragödie der modernen Geschichte. "Bloodlands wird für Jahrzehnte das wichtigste Buch zum Thema sein." Tony Judt "Dieses Buch zwingt seine Leser, Geschichte neu zu überdenken." Norman Davies "Ein originelles, wunderbares, furchterregendes Buch (&). Dieses so schön geschriebene und eindrucksvoll recherchierte Buch ist ohne Zweifel eines der wichtigsten Werke der Zeitgeschichte." Anthony Beevor

Philosophical and Cultural Interpretations of Russian Modernisation

Author: Katja Lehtisaari,Arto Mustajoki

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317081196

Category: Political Science

Page: 210

View: 4705

In this book the expert international contributors attempt to answer questions such as: How far is it possible to attribute change in contemporary Russia as due to cultural factors? How does the process of change in cultural institutions reflect the general development of Russia? Are there certain philosophical ideas that explain the Russian interpretation of a modern state? This edited volume elaborates on processes of Russian modernisation regarding a wide range of factors, including the use of modern technology, elements of civil society, a reliable legal system, high levels of education, equality among citizens, freedom of speech, religion and trade. The main focus is on the Putin era but historical backgrounds are also discussed, adding context. The chapters cover a wide spectrum of research fields from philosophy and political ideas to gender issues, language, the education system, and the position of music as a constituent of modern identity. Throughout the book the chapters are written so as to introduce experts from other fields to new perspectives on Russian modernisation, and de-modernisation, processes. It will be of great interest to postgraduates and scholars in Philosophy, Politics, IR, Music and Cultural Studies, and, of course, Russian studies.

Nation-Building and Identity in the Post-Soviet Space

New Tools and Approaches

Author: Rico Isaacs,Abel Polese

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317090195

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

View: 5000

Nation-building as a process is never complete and issues related to identity, nation, state and regime-building are recurrent in the post-Soviet region. This comparative, inter-disciplinary volume explores how nation-building tools emerged and evolved over the last twenty years. Featuring in-depth case studies from countries throughout the post-Soviet space it compares various aspects of nation-building and identity formation projects. Approaching the issue from a variety of disciplines, and geographical areas, contributors illustrate chapter by chapter how different state and non-state actors utilise traditional instruments of nation-construction in new ways while also developing non-traditional tools and strategies to provide a contemporary account of how nation-formation efforts evolve and diverge.

Discourse and Transformation in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Aleksandra Galasinska,Michal Krzyzanowski

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230521025

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 243

View: 2880

This interdisciplinary volume explores the discursive construction of post-1989 social change in Central and Eastern Europe. Encompassing a set of national case studies on countries such as Czech Republic, former East-Germany, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovenia or other Balkan states, the volume explores processes of post-communist transformation from the point of view of accelerating and unique dynamics of linguistic and discursive practices. Highlighting the micro-macro link, those practices are examined within - as well as at the cross-section of - the public domain (in politics, media, religion or civil society) and the private sphere (within individual experiences of post-communism). Providing in-depth, systematic analysis of discourse in different situations, contributions to the volume analyse diverse forms of social, political, cultural, economic or institutional transformation in post-communist contexts. The analysis points to several differences and similarities between ways in which discourse influences the unprecedented social change across Central and Eastern Europe.

Contemporary Ukraine on the Cultural Map of Europe

Author: Larissa M. L. Zaleska Onyshkevych,Maria G. Rewakowicz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317473787

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 783

The concept of a 'return to Europe' has been integral to the movement for Ukrainian national rebirth since the nineteenth century. While the goal of a more fully reformed politics remains elusive, numerous expressions of Ukrainian culture continue to develop in the European spirit. This wide-ranging book explores Ukraine's European cultural connection, especially as it has been reestablished since the country achieved independence in 1991. The contributors discusses many aspects of Ukraine's contemporary culture - history, politics, and religion in Part I; literary culture in Part II; and language, popular culture, and the arts in Part III. What emerges is a fascinating picture of a young country grappling with its divided past and its colonial heritage, yet asserting its voice and preferences amid the diverse and at times conflicting realities of the contemporary political scene. Europe becomes a powerful point of reference, a measure against which the situation in post-independence Ukraine is gouged and debated. This framework allows for a better understanding of the complexities deeply ingrained in the social fabric of Ukrainian society.