Building Industries at Sea: 'Blue Growth' and the New Maritime Economy

Author: Kate Johnson,Gordon Dalton

Publisher: River Publishers

ISBN: 8793609264

Category: Science

Page: 516

View: 8129

Throughout the world there is evidence of mounting interest in marine resources and new maritime industries to create jobs, economic growth and to help in the provision of energy and food security. Expanding populations, insecurity of traditional sources of supply and the effects of climate change add urgency to a perceived need to address and overcome the serious challenges of working in the maritime environment. Four promising areas of activity for 'Blue Growth' have been identified at European Union policy level including Aquaculture; Renewable Energy (offshore wind, wave and tide); Seabed Mining; and Blue Biotechnology. Work has started to raise the technological and investment readiness levels (TRLs and IRLs) of these prospective industries drawing on the experience of established maritime industries such as Offshore Oil and Gas; Shipping; Fisheries and Tourism. An accord has to be struck between policy makers and regulators on the one hand, anxious to direct research and business incentives in effective and efficient directions, and developers, investors and businesses on the other, anxious to reduce the risks of such potentially profitable but innovative investments. The EU H2020 MARIBE (Marine Investment for the Blue Economy) funded project was designed to identify the key technical and non-technical challenges facing maritime industries and to place them into the social and economic context of the coastal and ocean economy. MARIBE went on to examine with companies, real projects for the combination of marine industry sectors into multi-use platforms (MUPs). The purpose of this book is to publish the detailed analysis of each prospective and established maritime business sector. Sector experts working to a common template explain what these industries are, how they work, their prospects to create wealth and employment, and where they currently stand in terms of innovation, trends and their lifecycle. The book goes on to describe progress with the changing regulatory and planning regimes in the European Sea Basins including the Caribbean where there are significant European interests. The book includes: Experienced chapter authors from a truly multidisciplinary team of sector specialismsFirst extensive study to compare and contrast traditional Blue Economy with Blue GrowthComplementary to EU and National policies for multi-use of maritime space

Chemical Thermodynamics of Americium

Author: R.J. Silva,G. Bidoglio,P.B. Robouch,I. Puigdomenech,H. Wanner,M.H. Rand

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444599355

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 393

View: 5019

This is the second volume in a series of critical reviews of the chemical thermodynamic data of those elements of particular importance in the safety assessment modeling of high-level radioactive waste storage and disposal facilities. The objective of these reviews is to provide a set of reliable thermodynamic data that can be used to describe the behaviour of these elements under conditions relevant for radioactive waste disposal systems and the geochemical environments. The present volume is a review of experimental data reported in the literature for americium. On a few occasions, where no data existed, comparisons and estimates were made based on experimental data on analog lanthanide elements. The basic philosophy was to develop a minimum set of solid phases and solution species of americium that would fit all experimental data being reviewed.

Optical and Wireless Technologies

Proceedings of OWT 2017

Author: Vijay Janyani,Manish Tiwari,Ghanshyam Singh,Paolo Minzioni

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811073953

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 699

View: 8576

This book presents selected papers from 1st International Conference on Optical and Wireless Technologies, providing insights into the analytical, experimental, and developmental aspects of systems, techniques, and devices in these spheres. It explores the combined use of various optical and wireless technologies in next-generation networking applications, and discusses the latest developments in applications such as photonics, high-speed communication systems and networks, visible light communication, nanophotonics, and wireless and multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems. The book will serve as a valuable reference resource for academics and researchers across the globe.

Proceedings of 2013 Chinese Intelligent Automation Conference

Intelligent Automation & Intelligent Technology and Systems

Author: Zengqi Sun,Zhidong Deng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642384609

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 866

View: 6522

Proceedings of the 2013 Chinese Intelligent Automation Conference presents selected research papers from the CIAC’13, held in Yangzhou, China. The topics include e.g. adaptive control, fuzzy control, neural network based control, knowledge based control, hybrid intelligent control, learning control, evolutionary mechanism based control, multi-sensor integration, failure diagnosis, and reconfigurable control. Engineers and researchers from academia, industry, and government can gain an inside view of new solutions combining ideas from multiple disciplines in the field of intelligent automation. Zengqi Sun and Zhidong Deng are professors at the Department of Computer Science, Tsinghua University, China.

Flow Past Highly Compliant Boundaries and in Collapsible Tubes

Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held at the University of Warwick, United Kingdom, 26–30 March 2001

Author: Peter W. Carpenter,Timothy J. Pedley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401704155

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 9207

The IUTAM Symposium on Flow in Collapsible Tubes and Past Other Highly Compliant Boundaries was held on 26-30 March, 2001, at the University of Warwick. As this was the first scientific meeting of its kind we considered it important to mark the occasion by producing a book. Accordingly, at the end of the Symposium the Scientific Committee met to discuss the most appropriate format for the book. We wished to avoid the format of the conventional conference book consisting of a large number of short articles of varying quality. It was agreed that instead we should produce a limited number of rigorously refereed and edited articles by selected participants who would aim to sum up the state of the art in their particular research area. The outcome is the present book. Peter W. Ca rpenter, Warwick Timothy J. Pedley, Cambridge May, 2002. VB SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE Co-Chair: P.W. Carpenter, Engineering, Warwiek, UK Co-Chair: TJ. Pedley, DAMTP, Cambridge, UK V.V. Babenko, Hydromechanics, Kiev, Ukraine R. Bannasch, Bionik & Evolutionstechnik, TU Berlin, Germany C.D. Bertram, Biomedical Engineering, New South Wales, Australia M. Gad-el-Hak, Aerospace & Mechanical Engineering, Notre Dame, USA J.B. Grotberg, Biomedical Engineering, Michigan, USA. R.D. Kamm, Mechanical Engineering, MIT, USA Y. Matsuzaki, Aerospace Engineering, N agoya, Japan P.K. Sen, Applied Mechanics, IIT Delhi, India L. van Wijngaarden, Twente, Netherlands K-S. Yeo, Mechanical Engineering, NU Singapore.

Otosclerosis and Stapes Surgery

Author: Wolfgang Arnold,R. Häusler

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805581130

Category: Medical

Page: 378

View: 737

Otosclerosis is a disorder causing a hardening of the middle ear bones which leads to a progressive hearing loss. Internationally renowned experts met in Saas Fee (Switzerland) in 2004 to discuss otosclerosis and stapes surgery, and they have subsequently

Applied Energy

An Introduction

Author: Mohammad Omar Abdullah

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439871574

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 9988

Written in clear, concise language and designed for an introductory applied energy course, Applied Energy: An Introduction discusses energy applications in small-medium enterprises, solar energy, hydro and wind energy, nuclear energy, hybrid energy, and energy sustainability issues. Focusing on renewable energy technologies, energy conversion, and conservation and the energy industry, the author lists the key aspects of applied energy and related studies, taking a question-based approach to the material that is useful for both undergraduate students and postgraduates who want a broad overview of energy conversion. The author carefully designed the text to motivate students and give them the foundation they need to place the concepts presented into a real-world context. He begins with an introduction to the basics and the definitions used throughout the book. From there, he covers the energy industry and energy applications; energy sources, supply, and demand; and energy management, policy, plans, and analysis. Building on this, the author elucidates various energy saving technologies and energy storage methods, explores the pros and cons of fossil fuels and alternative energy sources, and examines the various types of applications of alternative energies. The book concludes with chapters on hybrid energy technology, hybrid energy schemes, other energy conversion methods, and applied energy issues. The book takes advantage of practical and application-based learning, presenting the information in various forms such as essential notes followed by practical projects, assignments, and objective and practical questions. In each chapter, a small section introduces some elements of applied energy design and innovation, linking knowledge with applied energy design and practice. The comprehensive coverage gives students the skills not only to master the concepts in the course, but also apply them to future work in this area.

Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications

ERCICA 2016

Author: N. R. Shetty,L. M. Patnaik,N. H. Prasad,N. Nalini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811047413

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 761

View: 9855

This book presents the proceedings of International Conference on Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications, ERCICA 2016. ERCICA provides an interdisciplinary forum for researchers, professional engineers and scientists, educators, and technologists to discuss, debate and promote research and technology in the upcoming areas of computing, information, communication and their applications. The book discusses these emerging research areas, providing a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers alike.

Hydrodynamics of Ocean Wave-Energy Utilization

IUTAM Symposium Lisbon/Portugal 1985

Author: David V. Evans,Antonio F. de O. Falcao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642826660

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 6688

The papers which follow were presented at an International Sym posium held in Lisbon from 8-11 July 1985 on the Hydrodynamics of Ocean Wave-Energy Utilization and sponsored by the Interna tional Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. The subject of the Symposium embraced wave statistics, numerical methods, theoretical, experimental and field studies of wave energy devices. The idea of extracting useful energy from ocean waves continues to attract the curiosity of scientists and engineers in many parts of the world as the following papers indicate. Increasing ly the trend is towards smaller devices suitable for use near remote island communities where wave power, as an alternative to costly diesel fuel for electric generators, is already very competitive in economic terms. The decision to build two different prototype wave-power devices into the cliffs off Bergen in Norway has provided a welcome impetus to the field, stimulating a large amount of theoretical work on oscillating water column-type devices. In particular phase control methods - in which force and velocity of a rigid body, or pressure and volume flux across a turbine are matched in phase to achieve maximum power output - rightfully occupy a central place in the papers that follow. In addition to the established workers in the field, a new ge neration of wave-energy enthusiasts is emerging, learning from the mistakes of others and contributing exciting ideas of both a conceptual and practical nature.

Renewable Electricity Generation

Economic Analysis and Outlook

Author: Benjamin Zycher

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0844772224

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 65

View: 5666

This volume examines the outlook for renewable energy in electricity generation-particularly wind and solar power-as a substitute for conventional fuels such as coal and natural gas. Economist Benjamin Zycher evaluates the central arguments in favor of policies that would make way for broader use of renewables and concludes that all are deeply problematic. "Renewable" energy sources are not superior in cost to conventional fuels; nor are they less taxing on the environment. The popular argument that increased use of renewables will create "green jobs" is likewise a fallacy-because wind and solar power are costly and inefficient, the net economic impact is a negative one. Zycher concludes that resource-use behaviors emerging from market competition are the best guides to effective, sustainable energy policies.

Future Energy

Improved, Sustainable and Clean Options for our Planet

Author: Trevor M. Letcher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080994229

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 738

View: 3277

As the demand for global energy increases, fact-based evaluations of alternative energy sources are needed in order to address the growing interest in how energy is produced, provided, and transported in sustainable ways. Future Energy, Second Edition provides scientists and decision makers with the knowledge they need to understand the relative importance and magnitude of various energy production methods in order to make the energy decisions needed for sustaining development and dealing with climate change. The second edition of Future Energy looks at the present energy situation and extrapolates to future scenarios related to global warming and the increase of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This thoroughly revised and updated edition contains over 30 chapters on all aspects of future energy, each chapter updated and expanded by expert scientists and engineers in their respective fields providing an unbiased and balanced view of the future of energy. Provides readers with an up-to-date overview of available energy options, both traditional and renewable, as well as the necessary tools to make informed decisions regarding selection, use, and environmental impacts. Covers a wide spectrum of future energy resources presented in a single book with chapters written by experts of the particular field Eleven new chapters including chapters on: solar heating, energy resources in developing nations and frontiers in oil and gas, Arctic drilling and unconventional oil and gas sources, thorium in nuclear fission, ethanol and other options for future transport fuel, fracking, smart grids, new batteries, environmental issues and the energy options for China

Optical Wireless Communications

An Emerging Technology

Author: Murat Uysal,Carlo Capsoni,Zabih Ghassemlooy,Anthony Boucouvalas,Eszter Udvary

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319302019

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 634

View: 5035

This book focuses on optical wireless communications (OWC), an emerging technology with huge potential for the provision of pervasive and reliable next-generation communications networks. It shows how the development of novel and efficient wireless technologies can contribute to a range of transmission links essential for the heterogeneous networks of the future to support various communications services and traffic patterns with ever-increasing demands for higher data-transfer rates. The book starts with a chapter reviewing the OWC field, which explains different sub-technologies (visible-light, ultraviolet (UV) and infrared (IR) communications) and introduces the spectrum of application areas (indoor, vehicular, terrestrial, underwater, intersatellite, deep space, etc.). This provides readers with the necessary background information to understand the specialist material in the main body of the book, which is in four parts. The first of these deals with propagation modelling and channel characterization of OWC channels at different spectral bands and with different applications. The second starts by providing a unified information-theoretic treatment of OWC and then discusses advanced physical-layer methodologies (including, but not limited to: advanced coding, modulation diversity, cooperation and multi-carrier techniques) and the ultimate limitations imposed by practical constraints. On top of the physical layer come the upper-layer protocols and cross-layer designs that are the subject of the third part of the book. The last part of the book features a chapter-by-chapter assessment of selected OWC applications. Optical Wireless Communications is a valuable reference guide for academic researchers and practitioners concerned with the future development of the world’s communication networks. It succinctly but comprehensively presents the latest advances in the field.

Space-Age Acronyms

Abbreviations and Designations

Author: Reta C. Moser

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461595940

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 490

View: 6144

Acronym agglomeration is an affliction of the age, and there are acronym addicts who, in their weakness, find it impossible to resist them. More than once in recent months my peers have cautioned me about my apparent readiness to use not only acronyms, but abbreviations, foreign isms, codes, and other cryptic symbols rather than common, ordinary American words. Many among us, though, either have not received or have chosen to ignore such advice. As a consequence, what we write and speak is full of mystery and confusion. It is then for the reader and listener and for the writer and speaker that Reta C. Moser has compiled this guide. Its effective application to the art of communication is urged. Such use should help avoid many of the misunderstandings involving terminology which occur daily. Although such misunderstandings are certainly crucial in humanistic and social situations, they are often of immediate import and the trigger to disaster in scientific, technical, and political situations. Some 15,000 acronyms and 25,000 definitions are provided (a 50- and 47 -percent increase over the 1964 edition!), with due credit to Miss Moser's diligence in making the compilation and with the acknowledgment that the acronymical phenomenon is very much with us. This edition, like the first, is certain to be of value to writers, librarians, editors, and others who must identify and deal with acronyms.

Marine Renewable Energy

Resource Characterization and Physical Effects

Author: Zhaoqing Yang,Andrea Copping

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319535366

Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 747

This complete reference to marine renewable energy covers aspects of resource characterization and physical effects of harvesting the ocean’s vast and powerful resources—from wave and tidal stream to ocean current energy. Experts in each of these areas contribute their insights to provide a cohesive overview of the marine renewable energy spectrum based on theoretical, numerical modeling, and field-measurement approaches. They provide clear explanations of the underlying physics and mechanics, and give close consideration to practical implementation aspects, including impacts on the physical system. Engineers, researchers, and students alike will find invaluable tools and studies that will aid them in realizing significant sustainable energy production from near-shore and ocean environments.

Renewable Energy in the Service of Mankind Vol II

Selected Topics from the World Renewable Energy Congress WREC 2014

Author: Ali Sayigh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319182153

Category: Science

Page: 999

View: 5807

This book provides insights on a broad spectrum of renewable and sustainable energy technologies from the world’s leading experts. It highlights the latest achievements in policy, research and applications, keeping readers up-to-date on progress in this rapidly advancing field. Detailed studies of technological breakthroughs and optimizations are contextualized with in-depth examinations of experimental and industrial installations, connecting lab innovations to success in the field. The volume contains selected papers presented at technical and plenary sessions at the World Renewable Energy Congress, the world's premier conference on renewable energy and sustainable development. Held every two years, the Congress provides an international forum that attracts hundreds of delegates from more than 60 countries.

Ocean Energy

Tide and Tidal Power

Author: R. H. Charlier,Charles W. Finkl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540779329

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 4371

Engineers’ dreams and fossil energy replacement schemes can come true. Man has been tapping the energy of the sea to provide power for his industries for centuries. Tidal energy combined with that of waves and marine winds rank among those most successfully put the work. Large scale plants are capital intensive but smaller ones, particularly built in China, have proven profitable. Since the initiation of the St Malo project in France, similar projects have gone into active service where methods have been devised to cut down on costs, new types of turbines developed and cost competitiveness considerably improved. Tidal power has enormous potential. The book reviews recent progress in extracting power from the ocean, surveys the history of tidal power harnessing and updates a prior publication by the author.