Rotordynamics

Author: Agnieszka Muszynska

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420027794

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1128

View: 4517

As the most important parts of rotating machinery, rotors are also the most prone to mechanical vibrations, which may lead to machine failure. Correction is only possible when proper and accurate diagnosis is obtained through understanding of rotor operation and all of the potential malfunctions that may occur. Mathematical modeling, in particular modal modeling, is key to understanding observed phenomena through measured data and for predicting and preventing failure. Rotordynamics advances simple yet adequate models of rotordynamic problems and phenomena related to rotor operation in its environment. Based on Dr. Muszy(n ́)ska's extensive work at Bently Rotor Dynamics Research Corporation, world renowned for innovative and groundbreaking experiments in the field, this book provides realistic models, step-by-step experimental methods, and the principles of vibration monitoring and practical malfunction diagnostics of rotating machinery. It covers extended rotor models, rotor/fluid-related phenomena, rotor-to-stationary part rubbing, and other related problems such as nonsynchronous perturbation testing. The author also illustrates practical diagnoses of several possible malfunctions and emphasizes correct interpretation of computer-generated numerical results. Rotordynamics is the preeminent guide to rotordynamic theory and practice. It is the most valuable tool available for anyone working on modeling rotating machinery at the machine design stage or performing further analytical and experimental research on rotating machine dynamics.

Rotordynamics of Gas-Lubricated Journal Bearing Systems

Author: Krzysztof Czolczynski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461215188

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 152

View: 8935

A discussion of models for the behaviour of gas bearings, particularly of the aspects affecting the stability of the system. The text begins with a discussion of the mathematical models, identifying the stiffness and damping coefficients, and describing the behaviour of the models in unstable regions. It then turns to apply these results to bearings: static characteristics and stability of various rotor systems and an extensive discussion of air rings.

Machinery Vibration and Rotordynamics

Author: John M. Vance,Fouad Y. Zeidan,Brian Murphy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470916070

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 1160

An in-depth analysis of machine vibration in rotating machinery Whether it's a compressor on an offshore platform, a turbocharger in a truck or automobile, or a turbine in a jet airplane, rotating machinery is the driving force behind almost anything that produces or uses energy. Counted on daily to perform any number of vital societal tasks, turbomachinery uses high rotational speeds to produce amazing amounts of power efficiently. The key to increasing its longevity, efficiency, and reliability lies in the examination of rotor vibration and bearing dynamics, a field called rotordynamics. A valuable textbook for beginners as well as a handy reference for experts, Machinery Vibration and Rotordynamics is teeming with rich technical detail and real-world examples geared toward the study of machine vibration. A logical progression of information covers essential fundamentals, in-depth case studies, and the latest analytical tools used for predicting and preventing damage in rotating machinery. Machinery Vibration and Rotordynamics: Combines rotordynamics with the applications of machinery vibration in a single volume Includes case studies of vibration problems in several different types of machines as well as computer simulation models used in industry Contains fundamental physical phenomena, mathematical and computational aspects, practical hardware considerations, troubleshooting, and instrumentation and measurement techniques For students interested in entering this highly specialized field of study, as well as professionals seeking to expand their knowledge base, Machinery Vibration and Rotordynamics will serve as the one book they will come to rely upon consistently.

Rotordynamics of Automotive Turbochargers

Author: Hung Nguyen-Schäfer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319176447

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 362

View: 8788

Rotordynamics of automotive turbochargers is dealt with in this book encompassing the widely working field of small turbomachines under real operating conditions at the very high rotor speeds up to 300000 rpm. The broadly interdisciplinary field of turbocharger rotordynamics involves 1) Thermodynamics and Turbo-Matching of Turbochargers 2) Dynamics of Turbomachinery 3) Stability Analysis of Linear Rotordynamics with the Eigenvalue Theory 4) Stability Analysis of Nonlinear Rotordynamics with the Bifurcation Theory 5) Bearing Dynamics of the Oil Film using the Two-Phase Reynolds Equation 6) Computation of Nonlinear Responses of a Turbocharger Rotor 7) Aero and Vibroacoustics of Turbochargers 8) Shop and Trim Balancing at Two Planes of the Rotor 9) Tribology of the Bearing Surface Roughness 10) Design of Turbocharger Platforms using the Similarity Laws The rotor response of an automotive turbocharger at high rotor speeds is studied analytically, computationally, and experimentally. Due to the nonlinear characteristics of the oil-film bearings, some nonlinear responses of the rotor besides the harmonic response 1X, such as oil whirl, oil whip, and modulated frequencies occur in Waterfall diagram. Additionally, the influences of the surface roughness and oil characteristics on the rotor behavior, friction, and wear are discussed. This book is written by an industrial R&D expert with many years of experience in the automotive and turbocharger industries. The all-in-one book of turbochargers is intended for scientific and engineering researchers, practitioners working in the rotordynamics field of automotive turbochargers, and graduate students in applied physics and mechanical engineering.

Rotordynamics of Turbomachinery

Author: John M. Vance

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471802587

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 388

View: 3281

Describes the rotordynamic considerations that are important to the successful design or troubleshooting of a turbomachine. Shows how bearing design, fluid seals, and rotor geometry affect rotordynamic behavior (vibration, shaft whirling, bearing loads, and critical speeds), and describes two successful computational methods for rotordynamic analysis in terms that can be understood by practicing engineers. Gives descriptive accounts of the state of the art in several areas of the field and presents important mathematical or computational concepts, describing equations and formulas in physical terms for better understanding. Also offers tips for troubleshooting unstable machines and provides practical interpretations of vibration measurements.

Handbook of Rotordynamics

Author: Fredric F. Ehrich

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781575242569

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 4067

Presented here is a comprehensive work on the general principles that apply to every type of modern rotating machinery. This handbook addresses both the theoretical and practical issues pertaining to the design, analysis, development, production, and maintenance of high-speed rotating machinery. It is the only work available that provides engineers with the information they need to anticipate, locate, and eliminate destructive vibration. their respective fields, providing practical information on: vibration considerations in the design of rotating machinery; analytic prediction of rotordynamic response; balancing of flexible and rigid rotors; and performance verification, diagnostics, parameter identification, and vibration monitoring in rotating machinery. Covering the general principles that apply to every type of modern rotating machinery, the handbook is packed with specific examples about a wide array of equipment, including steam turbines, electrical motors, generators, aircraft gas turbines, reciprocating engines, and centrifuges. National Academy of Engineering received his B.S., M.E., and Sc.D. degrees in Mechanical Engineering from M.I.T. He spent the majority of his career in the design and development of aircraft gas turbines at General Electric Aircraft Engines and earlier in the Aircraft Gas Turbine Division of the Westinghouse Co. Since his retirement, he has been active in research and teaching as a senior lecturer at M.I.T. and in consulting. Dr. Ehrich is the author of over 50 published technical papers on rotordynamics and related topics, and he holds nine issued patents on aircraft gas turbine apparatus.

Rotordynamics prediction in engineering

Author: Michel Lalanne,Guy Ferraris

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471972884

Category: Science

Page: 254

View: 6549

In this updated and revised second edition, the authors present a systematic and practical approach to the analytical and numerical aspects of the prediction of rotordynamics behaviour. The influence of bending is a main theme of the book, although the effects of torsion are also considered. The use of finite element techniques and the characteristics of rotor elements are introduced. The book goes on to consider simple models showing basic phenomena which are then linked to industrial applications such as turbocompressors, high pressure centrifugal compressors, and steam and air turbines. Key features include: * The inclusion of a computer program available free of charge on the Internet * The development of a simple model of co-axial multirotors * New industrial applications and 1995 API specifications This book will be of great interest and value to students and engineers concerned with predictions in rotordynamics and mechanical engineering.

Turbomachinery Rotordynamics

Phenomena, Modeling, and Analysis

Author: Dara W. Childs

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471538400

Category: Science

Page: 476

View: 3607

Imparts the theory and analysis regarding the dynamics of rotating machinery in order to design such rotating devices as turbines, jet engines, pumps and power-transmission shafts. Takes into account the forces acting upon machine structures, bearings and related components. Provides numerical techniques for analyzing and understanding rotor systems with examples of actual designs. Features an excellent treatment of numerical methods available to obtain computer solutions for authentic design problems.

Linear and Nonlinear Rotordynamics

A Modern Treatment with Applications

Author: Yukio Ishida,Toshio Yamamoto

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527651918

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 474

View: 2013

A wide-ranging treatment of fundamental rotordynamics in order to serve engineers with the necessary knowledge to eliminate various vibration problems. New to this edition are three chapters on highly significant topics: Vibration Suppression - The chapter presents various methods and is a helpful guidance for professional engineers. Magnetic Bearings - The chapter provides fundamental knowledge and enables the reader to realize simple magnetic bearings in the laboratory. Some Practical Rotor Systems - The chapter explains various vibration characteristics of steam turbines and wind turbines. The contents of other chapters on Balancing, Vibrations due to Mechanical Elements, and Cracked Rotors are added to and revised extensively. The authors provide a classification of rotating shaft systems and general coverage of key ideas common to all branches of rotordynamics. They offers a unique analysis of dynamical problems, such as nonlinear rotordynamics, self-excited vibration, nonstationary vibration, and flow-induced oscillations. Nonlinear resonances are discussed in detail, as well as methods for shaft stability and various theoretical derivations and computational methods for analyzing rotors to determine and correct vibrations. This edition also includes case studies and problems.

Dynamics of Rotating Systems

Author: Giancarlo Genta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038728687X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 658

View: 9589

Provides an up-to-date review of rotor dynamics, dealing with basic topics as well as a number of specialized topics usually available only in journal articles Unlike other books on rotordynamics, this treats the entire machine as a system, with the rotor as just one component

Rotor Systems

Analysis and Identification

Author: Rajiv Tiwari

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351863630

Category: Science

Page: 1069

View: 8609

The purpose of this book is to give a basic understanding of rotor dynamics phenomena with the help of simple rotor models and subsequently, the modern analysis methods for real life rotor systems. This background will be helpful in the identification of rotor-bearing system parameters and its use in futuristic model-based condition monitoring and, fault diagnostics and prognostics. The book starts with introductory material for finite element methods and moves to linear and non-linear vibrations, continuous systems, vibration measurement techniques, signal processing and error analysis, general identification techniques in engineering systems, and MATLAB analysis of simple rotors. Key Features: • Covers both transfer matrix methods (TMM) and finite element methods (FEM) • Discusses transverse and torsional vibrations • Includes worked examples with simplicity of mathematical background and a modern numerical method approach • Explores the concepts of instability analysis and dynamic balancing • Provides a basic understanding of rotor dynamics phenomena with the help of simple rotor models including modern analysis methods for real life rotor systems.

Rotor Dynamics

Author: J. S. Rao

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122409772

Category: Rotors

Page: 435

View: 2785

The Third Revised And Enlarged Edition Of The Book Presents An In-Depth Study Of The Dynamic Behaviour Of Rotating And Reciprocating Machinery. It Evolved Out Of Lectures Delivered At Different Universities Over The Last Two Decades. The Book Deals With Torsional And Bending Vibrations Of Rotors, Stability Aspects, Balancing And Condition Monitoring. Closed Form Solutions Are Given Wherever Possible And Parametric Studies Presented To Give A Clear Understanding Of The Subject. Transfer Matrix Methods Is Extensively Used For General Class Of Rotors For Both Bending And Torsional Vibrations.Special Attentions Are Given To Transient Analysis Of The Rotors Which Is Becoming An Essential Part Of The Design Of High Speed Machinery. Systems With Fluid Film Bearings, Cracked Rotors And Two Spool Rotors Are Also Presented.A First Course On Theory Of Vibration Is A Prerequisite To This Study. Analysis Used Is Fairly Simple, But Sufficiently Advanced To The Requisite Level Of Predicting Practical Observations. As Far As Possible, Practical Examples Are Illustrated, So That The Book Is Also Useful To Practising Engineers.A Special Feature Of This Book Is Diagnostics Of Rotating Machinery Using Vibration Signature Analysis And Application Of Expert Systems To A Field Engineer In Trouble Shooting Work.

Computational Techniques of Rotor Dynamics with the Finite Element Method

Author: Arne Vollan,Louis Komzsik

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439847703

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 9054

For more than a century, we have had a firm grasp on rotor dynamics involving rigid bodies with regular shapes, such as cylinders and shafts. However, to achieve an equally solid understanding of the rotational behavior of flexible bodies—especially those with irregular shapes, such as propeller and turbine blades—we require more modern tools and methods. Computational Techniques of Rotor Dynamics with the Finite Element Method explores the application of practical finite element method (FEM)-based computational techniques and state-of-the-art engineering software. These are used to simulate behavior of rotational structures that enable the function of various types of machinery—from generators and wind turbines to airplane engines and propellers. The book’s first section focuses on the theoretical foundation of rotor dynamics, and the second concentrates on the engineering analysis of rotating structures. The authors explain techniques used in the modeling and computation of the forces involved in the rotational phenomenon. They then demonstrate how to interpret and apply the results to improve fidelity and performance. Coverage includes: Use of FEM to achieve the most accurate computational simulation of all gyroscopic forces occurring in rotational structures Details of highly efficient and accurate computational and numerical techniques for dynamic simulations Interpretation of computational results, which is instrumental to developing stable rotating machinery Practical application examples of rotational structures’ dynamic response to external and internal excitations An FEM case study that illustrates the computational complexities associated with modeling and computation of forces of rotor dynamics Assessment of propellers and turbines that are critical to the transportation and energy industries Useful to practicing engineers and graduate-level students alike, this self-contained volume also serves as an invaluable reference for researchers and instructors in this field. CRC Press Authors Speak Louis Komzsik introduces you to two books that share a common mathematical foundation, the finite element analysis technique. Watch the video.

Rotordynamics 2

Problems in Turbomachinery

Author: Neville F. Rieger

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3709128463

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 586

View: 8837

IUTAM Symposium on Emerging Trends in Rotor Dynamics

Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Emerging Trends in Rotor Dynamics, held in New Delhi, India, March 23 - March 26, 2009

Author: K. Gupta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400700208

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 555

View: 8988

Rotor dynamics is an important branch of dynamics that deals with behavior of rotating machines ranging from very large systems like power plant rotors, for example, a turbogenerator, to very small systems like a tiny dentist’s drill, with a variety of rotors such as pumps, compressors, steam/gas turbines, motors, turbopumps etc. as used for example in process industry, falling in between. The speeds of these rotors vary in a large range, from a few hundred RPM to more than a hundred thousand RPM. Complex systems of rotating shafts depending upon their specific requirements, are supported on different types of bearings. There are rolling element bearings, various kinds of fluid film bearings, foil and gas bearings, magnetic bearings, to name but a few. The present day rotors are much lighter, handle a large amount of energy and fluid mass, operate at much higher speeds, and therefore are most susceptible to vibration and instability problems. This have given rise to several interesting physical phenomena, some of which are fairly well understood today, while some are still the subject of continued investigation. Research in rotor dynamics started more than one hundred years ago. The progress of the research in the early years was slow. However, with the availability of larger computing power and versatile measurement technologies, research in all aspects of rotor dynamics has accelerated over the past decades. The demand from industry for light weight, high performance and reliable rotor-bearing systems is the driving force for research, and new developments in the field of rotor dynamics. The symposium proceedings contain papers on various important aspects of rotor dynamics such as, modeling, analytical, computational and experimental methods, developments in bearings, dampers, seals including magnetic bearings, rub, impact and foundation effects, turbomachine blades, active and passive vibration control strategies including control of instabilities, nonlinear and parametric effects, fault diagnostics and condition monitoring, and cracked rotors. This volume is of immense value to teachers, researchers in educational institutes, scientists, researchers in R&D laboratories and practising engineers in industry.

Analytical Methods in Rotor Dynamics

Second Edition

Author: Andrew D. Dimarogonas,Stefanos A. Paipetis,Thomas G. Chondros

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400759053

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 274

View: 6469

The design and construction of rotating machinery operating at supercritical speeds was, in the 1920s, an event of revolutionary importance for the then new branch of dynamics known as rotor dynamics. In the 1960s, another revolution occurred: In less than a decade, imposed by operational and economic needs, an increase in the power of turbomachinery by one order of magnitude took place. Dynamic analysis of complex rotor forms became a necessity, while the importance of approximate methods for dynamic analysis was stressed. Finally, the emergence of fracture mechanics, as a new branch of applied mechanics, provided analytical tools to investigate crack influence on the dynamic behavior of rotors. The scope of this book is based on all these developments. No topics related to the well-known classical problems are included, rather the book deals exclusively with modern high-power turbomachinery.

Rotordynamics ’92

Proceedings of the International Conference on Rotating Machine Dynamics Hotel des Bains, Venice, 28–30 April 1992

Author: Michael J. Goodwin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447119797

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 421

View: 2913

Designers and operators of rotating machinery have to deal with the effects of machine vibration and wear. The increasing demands for quieter machine operation, longer machine life and a greater efficiency of operation have led to the use of sophisticated design aids. Research into rotating machinery is therefore of substantial and increasing importance. Rotordynamics '92 provides a record of some of the most recent research methods and results relating to the design and operation of rotating machinery. The conference is international in character and draws on research from a wide range of respected sources.

Rotordynamics of Gas-Lubricated Journal Bearing Systems

Author: Krzysztof Czolczynski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461215188

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 152

View: 6978

A discussion of models for the behaviour of gas bearings, particularly of the aspects affecting the stability of the system. The text begins with a discussion of the mathematical models, identifying the stiffness and damping coefficients, and describing the behaviour of the models in unstable regions. It then turns to apply these results to bearings: static characteristics and stability of various rotor systems and an extensive discussion of air rings.

Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Rotor Dynamics – IFToMM

Author: Katia Lucchesi Cavalca,Hans Ingo Weber

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319992708

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 9997

IFToMM conferences have a history of success due to the various advances achieved in the field of rotor dynamics over the past three decades. These meetings have since become a leading global event, bringing together specialists from industry and academia to promote the exchange of knowledge, ideas, and information on the latest developments in the dynamics of rotating machinery. The scope of the conference is broad, including e.g. active components and vibration control, balancing, bearings, condition monitoring, dynamic analysis and stability, wind turbines and generators, electromechanical interactions in rotor dynamics and turbochargers. The proceedings are divided into four volumes. This third volume covers the following main topics: dynamic analysis and stability; electromechanical interactions in rotordynamics; nonlinear phenomena in rotordynamics; rotordynamics of micro, nano and cryogenic machines; and fluid structure interactions in rotordynamics.

Vibrations of Rotating Machinery

Volume 1. Basic Rotordynamics: Introduction to Practical Vibration Analysis

Author: Osami Matsushita,Masato Tanaka,Hiroshi Kanki,Masao Kobayashi,Patrick Keogh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 4431554564

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 9092

This book opens with an explanation of the vibrations of a single degree-of-freedom (dof) system for all beginners. Subsequently, vibration analysis of multi-dof systems is explained by modal analysis. Mode synthesis modeling is then introduced for system reduction, which aids understanding in a simplified manner of how complicated rotors behave. Rotor balancing techniques are offered for rigid and flexible rotors through several examples. Consideration of gyroscopic influences on the rotordynamics is then provided and vibration evaluation of a rotor-bearing system is emphasized in terms of forward and backward whirl rotor motions through eigenvalue (natural frequency and damping ratio) analysis. In addition to these rotordynamics concerning rotating shaft vibration measured in a stationary reference frame, blade vibrations are analyzed with Coriolis forces expressed in a rotating reference frame. Other phenomena that may be assessed in stationary and rotating reference frames include stability characteristics due to rotor internal damping and instabilities due to asymmetric shaft stiffness and thermal unbalance behavior.