The Sacred Canopy

Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion

Author: Peter L. Berger

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1453215379

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 2308

Influential scholar Peter L. Berger explores the sociological underpinnings of religion and the rise of a modern secular society Acclaimed scholar and sociologist Peter L. Berger carefully lays out an understanding of religion as a historical, societal mechanism in this classic work of social theory. Berger examines the roots of religious belief and its gradual dissolution in modern times, applying a general theoretical perspective to specific examples from religions throughout the ages. Building upon the author’s previous work, The Social Construction of Reality, with Thomas Luckmann, this book makes Berger’s case that human societies build a “sacred canopy” to protect, stabilize, and give meaning to their worldview.

Erlösender Glaube?

Fragen an das Christentum

Author: Peter L. Berger

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110925168

Category: Religion

Page: 235

View: 4213

German translation of the English title ‘Questions of Faith’, published in 2004. What can one believe in? Can modern man hope for redemption? What was and is so special about Jesus? These are among the fundamental questions addressed by the American sociologist of religion, Peter L. Berger, in this engaging exploration of faith in modern times.

Erlösendes Lachen

Das Komische in der menschlichen Erfahrung

Author: Peter L. Berger

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110359049

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3560

Humor, both ubiquitous and contextual, is a very specific and thus fragile element of the expression of human thought. In this volume, Peter L. Berger examines the nature of the comical and its relationship to other human experiences. Initially published in 1997, the second edition includes a new preface, including observations by Berger about the relationship between modernity and humor.

Peter Berger and the Study of Religion

Author: Paul Heelas,David Martin,Linda Woodhead

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134608691

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 8501

Peter Berger is the most influential contemporary sociologist of religion. This collection of essays is the first in-depth study of his contribution to the field, providing a comprehensive introduction to his work and to current thought in the study of religion. Themes addressed include: * Berger on religion and theology * Religion, spirituality and the discontents of modernity * Secularization and de-secularization A postscript by Peter Berger, responding to the essays, completes this overview of this major figure's work.

The Future of Religious Freedom

Global Challenges

Author: Allen D. Hertzke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199930910

Category: Religion

Page: 364

View: 2958

Based on a symposium held in Istanbul, Turkey.

The Sacred and Its Scholars

Comparative Methodologies for the Study of Primary Religious Data

Author: Thomas A. Idinopulos,Edward A. Yonan

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004106239

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 2493

This volume of essays is devoted to a careful examination of the importance of methodology in the study of primary religious data. The essays focus on the 'Sacred' as an ultimate object of descriptive analysis and critical scrutiny on the part of a select number of North American and European methodologists in the study and teaching of the history of religions and its allied disciplines. The central question to which the contributors respond are these: What is the Sacred? Is it a being or a concept of a being; is it a mental state or an objective reality or something else entirely? Can the Sacred be described as an empirical fact, or as a formal rule for religious inquiry? If the Sacred is a valid category in the study and teaching of religion, then what can be said about the antithesis of the sacred, namely the profane or the secular? This volume probes these questions with great care in order to justify a number of ways the Sacred can be construed as an indispensable notion for the study and teaching of religion.

Religions in Movement

The Local and the Global in Contemporary Faith Traditions

Author: Robert W Hefner,John Hutchinson,Sara Mels,Christiane Timmerman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136681000

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 3993

There has long been a debate about implications of globalization for the survival of the world of sovereign nation-states, and the role of nationalism as both an agent of and a response to globalization. In contrast, until recently there has been much less debate about the fate of religion. ‘Globalization’ has been viewed as part of the rationalization process, which has already relegated religion to the dustbin of history, just as it threatens the nation, as the world moves toward a cosmopolitan ethics and politics. The chapters in this book, however, make the case for the salience and resilience of religion, often in conjunction with nationalism, in the contemporary world in several ways. This book highlights the diverse ways in which religions first and foremost make use of the traditional power and communication channels available to them, like strategies of conversion, the preservation of traditional value systems, and the intertwining of religious and political power. Nevertheless, challenged by a more culturally and religiously diversified societies and by the growth of new religious sects, contemporary religions are also forced to let go of these well known strategies of preservation and formulate new ways of establishing their position in local contexts. This collection of essays by established and emerging scholars brings together theory-driven and empirically-based research and case-studies about the global and bottom-up strategies of religions and religious traditions in Europe and beyond to rethink their positions in their local communities and in the world.

Katholische Kirche und Sozialwissenschaften 1945–1975

Author: Benjamin Ziemann

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647351563

Category: History

Page: 396

View: 2497

Seit 1945 griff die katholische Kirche in rascher Folge auf eine Reihe sozialwissenschaftlicher Methoden zurück. Diese sollten dabei helfen, Räume der Entkirchlichung mit neuem missionarischen Eifer zu erfüllen, die Einstellungen der Gläubigen demoskopisch zu beobachten und die kirchliche Organisationsstruktur an veränderte Bedingungen der Seelsorge anzupassen. Gruppendynamische und therapeutische Konzepte eröffneten neue Möglichkeiten für die religiöse Selbstthematisierung des Individuums. Mit Hilfe der Sozialwissenschaften ließen sich Folgen funktionaler Differenzierung als ›Säkularisierung‹ beobachten, ohne dass damit umstandslos eine größere Rationalität des kirchlichen Handelns erreichbar war.Die Rezeption und praktische Anwendung dieser Methoden in der Kirche ist ein anschauliches Beispiel für die zunehmende ›Verwissenschaftlichung des Sozialen‹. Die Sozialwissenschaften sollten dabei helfen, die Botschaft des Evangeliums auf neue Weise zu verkünden. Doch sie drohten zugleich, den Glauben zu entleeren. Die historische Analyse dieses Prozesses ermöglicht faszinierende Einblicke in die Religions- und Kirchengeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts. Sie ist zugleich eine Kritik allzu glatt geratener Erfolgsgeschichten der Bundesrepublik, und interpretiert diese vielmehr als eine Periode ›gefährlicher Modernität‹.

Scientific Explanation and Religious Belief

Science and Religion in Philosophical and Public Discourse

Author: Michael G. Parker,Thomas M. Schmidt

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161487118

Category: Religion

Page: 189

View: 882

Contributions from an international conference held December 11-13, 2002, at the Institute for Philosophy of Religion at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt.

Religion and International Relations Theory

Author: Jack Snyder

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526911

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 9414

Religious concerns stand at the center of international politics, yet key paradigms in international relations, namely realism, liberalism, and constructivism, barely consider religion in their analysis of political subjects. The essays in this collection rectify this. Authored by leading scholars, they introduce models that integrate religion into the study of international politics and connect religion to a rising form of populist politics in the developing world. Contributors identify religion as pervasive and distinctive, forcing a reframing of international relations theory that reinterprets traditional paradigms. One essay draws on both realism and constructivism in the examination of religious discourse and transnational networks. Another positions secularism not as the opposite of religion but as a comparable type of worldview drawing on and competing with religious ideas. With the secular state's perceived failure to address popular needs, religion has become a banner for movements that demand a more responsive government. The contributors to this volume recognize this trend and propose structural and theoretical innovations for future advances in the discipline.

Deeper Shades of Purple

Womanism in Religion and Society

Author: Stacey M. Floyd-Thomas

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814727530

Category: Religion

Page: 331

View: 1227

The second wave of feminism was one of the most significant political and cultural developments of the 1960s and 1970s. Yet the role radical feminism played within the women's movement remains hotly contested. For some, radical feminism has made a lasting contribution to our understanding of male privilege, and the ways the power imbalance between men and women affects the everyday fabric of women's lives. For others, radical feminism represents a reflexive hostility toward men, sex, and heterosexuality, and thus is best ignored or forgotten. Rather than have the movement be interpreted by others, Radical Feminism permits the original work of radical feminists to speak for itself. Comprised of pivotal documents written by U.S. radical feminists in the 1960s and 1970s, Radical Feminism combines both unpublished and previously published manifestos, position papers, minutes of meetings, and newsletters essential to an understanding of radical feminism. Consisting of documents unavailable to the general public, and others in danger of being lost altogether, this panoramic collection is organized around the key issues of sex and sexuality, race, children, lesbianism, separatism, and class. Barbara A. Crow rescues the groundbreaking original work of such groups as The Furies, Redstockings, Cell 16, and the Women's Liberation Movement. Contributors include Kate Millet, Susan Brownmiller, Shulamith Firestone, Rosalyn Baxandall, Toni Morrison, Ellen Willis, Anne Koett, and Vivan Gornick. Gathered for the first time in one volume, these primary sources of radical feminism fill a major gap in the literature on feminism and feminist thought. Radical Feminism is an indispensable resource for future generations of feminists, scholars, and activists. "This valuable anthology may well change the way many of us view radical feminism." --Resources for Feminist Research, Winter/Spring 2001, Vol. 28, No. 3/4

Walking with God through Pain and Suffering

Author: Timothy Keller

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698138279

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 7254

New York Times bestselling author of The Prodigal Prophet Timothy Keller—whose books have sold millions of copies to both religious and secular readers—explores one of the most difficult questions we must answer in our lives: Why is there pain and suffering? Walking with God through Pain and Suffering is the definitive Christian book on why bad things happen and how we should respond to them. The question of why there is pain and suffering in the world has confounded every generation; yet there has not been a major book from a Christian perspective exploring why they exist for many years. The two classics in this area are When Bad Things Happen to Good People by Rabbi Harold S. Kushner, which was published more than thirty years ago, and C. S. Lewis’s The Problem of Pain, published more than seventy years ago. The great secular book on the subject, Elisabeth Ku¨bler-Ross’s On Death and Dying, was first published in 1969. It’s time for a new understanding and perspective, and who better to tackle this complex subject than Timothy Keller? As the pastor of Redeemer Presbyterian Church in Manhattan, Timothy Keller is known for the unique insights he shares, and his series of books has guided countless readers in their spiritual journeys. Walking with God through Pain and Suffering will bring a much-needed, fresh viewpoint on this important issue.

The Spiritual-Industrial Complex

America's Religious Battle against Communism in the Early Cold War

Author: Jonathan P. Herzog

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199832013

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 7179

In his farewell address, Dwight D. Eisenhower warned the nation of the perils of the military-industrial complex. But as Jonathan Herzog shows in this insightful history, Eisenhower had spent his presidency contributing to another, lesser known, Cold War collaboration: the spiritual-industrial complex. This fascinating volume shows that American leaders in the early Cold War years considered the conflict to be profoundly religious; they saw Communism not only as godless but also as a sinister form of religion. Fighting faith with faith, they deliberately used religious beliefs and institutions as part of the plan to defeat the Soviet enemy. Herzog offers an illuminating account of the resultant spiritual-industrial complex, chronicling the rhetoric, the programs, and the policies that became its hallmarks. He shows that well-known actions like the addition of the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance were a small part of a much larger and relatively unexplored program that promoted religion nationwide. Herzog shows how these efforts played out in areas of American life both predictable and unexpected--from pulpits and presidential appeals to national faith drives, military training barracks, public school classrooms, and Hollywood epics. Millions of Americans were bombarded with the message that the religious could not be Communists, just a short step from the all-too-common conclusion that the irreligious could not be true Americans. Though the spiritual-industrial complex declined in the 1960s, its statutes, monuments, and sentiments live on as bulwarks against secularism and as reminders that the nation rests upon the groundwork of religious faith. They continue to serve as valuable allies for those defending the place of religion in American life.

The Social Meanings of Sacrifice in the Hebrew Bible

A Study of Four Writings

Author: David Janzen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110904810

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 8981

Die soziale Funktion und Bedeutung des Opfers wird mittels anthropologischer Theorien und Feldstudien untersucht. Alle Rituale - einschließlich Opferhandlungen - kommunizieren gesellschaftliche Glaubenssätze und Moralvorstellungen, die nur durch eine Untersuchung des sozialen Kontexts bestimmt werden können. Anhand von vier biblischen Schriften - Priesterschrift, Deuteronomistisches Geschichtswerk, Esra-Nehemia und Chronikbücher - wird dargelegt, wie unterschiedliche soziale Ursachen zu unterschiedlichen sozialen Bedeutungen des Opfers führen.

Virtually Sacred

Myth and Meaning in World of Warcraft and Second Life

Author: Robert M. Geraci

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199379971

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 4146

Millions of users have taken up residence in virtual worlds, and in those worlds they find opportunities to revisit and rewrite their religious lives. Robert M. Geraci argues that virtual worlds and video games have become a locus for the satisfaction of religious needs, providing many users with devoted communities, opportunities for ethical reflection, a meaningful experience of history and human activity, and a sense of transcendence. Using interviews, surveys, and his own first-hand experience within the virtual worlds, Geraci shows how World of Warcraft and Second Life provide participants with the opportunity to rethink what it means to be religious in the contemporary world. Not all participants use virtual worlds for religious purposes, but many online residents use them to rearrange or replace religious practice as designers and users collaborate in the production of a new spiritual marketplace. Using World of Warcraft and Second Life as case studies, this book shows that many residents now use virtual worlds to re-imagine their traditions and work to restore them to "authentic" sanctity, or else replace religious institutions with virtual communities that provide meaning and purpose to human life. For some online residents, virtual worlds are even keys to a post-human future where technology can help us transcend mortal life. Geraci argues that World of Warcraft and Second Life are "virtually sacred" because they do religious work. They often do such work without regard for-and frequently in conflict with-traditional religious institutions and practices; ultimately they participate in our sacred landscape as outsiders, competitors, and collaborators.