Author: Alan J. Stolzer,John J. Goglia
Although aviation is among the safest modes of transportation in the world today, accidents still happen. In order to further reduce accidents and improve safety, proactive approaches must be adopted by the aviation community. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has mandated that all of its member states implement Safety Management System (SMS) programs in their aviation industries. While some countries (the United States, Australia, Canada, members of the European Union and New Zealand, for example) have been engaged in SMS for a few years, it is still non-existent in many other countries. This unique and comprehensive book has been designed as a textbook for the student of aviation safety, and as an invaluable reference tool for the SMS practitioner in any segment of aviation. It discusses the quality management underpinnings of SMS, the four components, risk management, reliability engineering, SMS implementation, and the scientific rigor that must be designed into proactive safety. The authors introduce a hypothetical airline-oriented safety scenario at the beginning of the book and conclude it at the end, engaging the reader and adding interest to the text. To enhance the practical application of the material, the book also features numerous SMS in Practice commentaries by some of the most respected names in aviation safety. In this second edition of Safety Management Systems in Aviation, the authors have extensively updated relevant sections to reflect developments since the original book of 2008. New sections include: a brief history of FAA initiatives to establish SMS, data-driven safety studies, developing a system description, SMS in a flight school, and measuring SMS effectiveness.
Author: Alan J. Stolzer,Carl Halford,John J. Goglia
Category: Technology & Engineering
The International Civil Aviation Organization has mandated that all of its member states implement Safety Management Systems (SMS) in their aviation industries. Responding to that call, many countries are now in various stages of SMS development, implementation, and rulemaking. In their first book, Safety Management Systems in Aviation, Stolzer, Halford, and Goglia provided a strong theoretical framework for SMS, along with a brief discourse on SMS implementation. This follow-up book provides a very brief overview of SMS and offers significant guidance and best practices on implementing SMS programs. Very specific guidance is provided by industry experts from government, industry, academia, and consulting, who share their invaluable insights from first-hand experience of all aspects of effective SMS programs. The contributing authors come from all facets of aviation, including regulation and oversight, airline, general aviation, military, airport, maintenance, and industrial safety. Chapters address important topics such as how to develop a system description and perform task analyses, perspectives on data sharing, strategies for gaining management support, establishing a safety culture, approaches to auditing, integrating emergency planning and SMS, and more. Also included is a fictional narrative/story that can be used as a case study on SMS implementation. Implementing Safety Management Systems in Aviation is written for safety professionals and students alike.
Integrate the Human Factors Perspectives for Safer Operational Outcomes
Author: Kok Meng Chan
Scholarly Research Paper from the year 2011 in the subject Sociology - Methodology and Methods, grade: 98%, University of Newcastle, course: Masters Of Aviation Management, language: English, abstract: Safety management system (SMS) program is a comprehensive, systematic and continuous process for recognizing hazards and managing risks for a viable aviation business to enhance safety. With proper guidance and planning from current literature, it recognizes the explicit complexity to distill more insights to the aspects of an SMS implementation. Real rigor must be in place for the underlying mechanism to detect the weaknesses within the defense mechanism, fix it before they are manifested as an undesired event. This is a shift from the traditional reactive systems to proactive/predictive systems. SMS is not a process to solve a specific safety issue, but rather an explicit, consistent and structured protocol which can resolve many issues to reduce risk realistically or as low as reasonably practicable (ALARP). The four essential constituents- safety policy and goals, risk mitigation management, safety assurance and safety promotion, represents the foundation for SMS. This article delineates the SMS processes and the integration of human factors perspectives with the intent to propose an initial implementation program for a maintenance organisation into four phases. Ultimately, the effectiveness of an SMS implementation means the organization can manage the complexity of these mechanisms to defend against risk incubation to ALARP.
Methods and Applications in Aviation Organizations
Author: Roland Müller,Andreas Wittmer,Christopher Drax
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
The International Civil Aviation Organization’s (ICAO) decision to require aviation organizations to adopt Safety Management Systems poses a major problem especially for small and medium sized aviation companies. The complexity of regulations overstrains the aviation stakeholders who seek to fully advantage from them but have no clear guidance. The aim of the book is to show the implementation of such a new system with pragmatic effort in order to gain a gradation for smaller operators. This approach should illustrate the leeway in order to adapt the processes and to show the interfaces between Corporate Risk Management and Safety Management. The book shows how to build a system with reasonable effort, appropriate to the size and complexity of the specific operator. It also gives inputs on the key aspects and how to effectively operate such a system with the various interfaces. Furthermore, the book highlights the importance of Corporate Risk Management independent of Safety Management Systems based on ICAO.
Challenges and Research for an Evolving Aviation System
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Aviation Safety Assurance Committee
Publisher: National Academies Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Decades of continuous efforts to address known hazards in the national airspace system (NAS) and to respond to issues illuminated by analysis of incidents and accidents have made commercial airlines the safest mode of transportation. The task of maintaining a high level of safety for commercial airlines is complicated by the dynamic nature of the NAS. The number of flights by commercial transports is increasing; air traffic control systems and procedures are being modernized to increase the capacity and efficiency of the NAS; increasingly autonomous systems are being developed for aircraft and ground systems, and small aircraftâ€"most notably unmanned aircraft systemsâ€"are becoming much more prevalent. As the NAS evolves to accommodate these changes, aviation safety programs will also need to evolve to ensure that changes to the NAS do not inadvertently introduce new risks. Real-time system-wide safety assurance (RSSA) is one of six focus areas for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) aeronautics program. NASA envisions that an RSSA system would provide a continuum of information, analysis, and assessment that supports awareness and action to mitigate risks to safety. Maintaining the safety of the NAS as it evolves will require a wide range of safety systems and practices, some of which are already in place and many of which need to be developed. This report identifies challenges to establishing an RSSA system and the high-priority research that should be implemented by NASA and other interested parties in government, industry, and academia to expedite development of such a system.
Author: Duane A. Ludwig
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
At head of title: Airport Cooperative Research Program.
Human Factors, System Engineering, Flight Operations, Economics, Strategies, Management
Author: Hans M. Soekkha
Questions concerning safety in aviation attract a great deal of attention, due to the growth in this industry and the number of fatal accidents in recent years. The aerospace industry has always been deeply concerned with the permanent prevention of accidents and the conscientious safeguarding of all imaginable critical factors surrounding the organization of processes in aeronautical technology. However, the developments in aircraft technology and control systems require further improvements to meet future safety demands. This book embodies the proceedings of the 1997 International Aviation Safety Conference, and contains 60 talks by internationally recognized experts on various aspects of aviation safety. Subjects covered include: Human interfaces and man-machine interactions; Flight safety engineering and operational control systems; Aircraft development and integrated safety designs; Safety strategies relating to risk insurance and economics; Corporate aspects and safety management factors --- including airlines services and airport security environment.
Author: Clarence C. Rodrigues,Stephen K. Cusick
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Category: Technology & Engineering
A Complete, Fully Updated Guide to COMMERCIAL AVIATION SAFETY Presenting the latest procedures and standards from U.S. and international air traffic and regulatory agencies, this extensively revised resource covers the entire commercial aviation safety system--from human factors to accident investigation. The introduction of Safety Management Systems (SMS) principles by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is discussed in detail. Commercial Aviation Safety, Fifth Edition delivers authoritative information on today's security concerns on the ground and in the air, changes in systems and regulations, new maintenance and flight technologies, and recent accident statistics. This is the most comprehensive, current, and systematic reference on the principles and practices of commercial aviation safety and security. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Regulatory information on ICAO, FAA, EPA, TSA, and OSHA NTSB and ICAO accident investigation processes Recording and reporting of safety data U.S. and international aviation accident statistics Accident causation models The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) Aircraft and air traffic control technologies and safety systems Airport safety, including runway incursions Aviation security, including the 9-11 Commission recommendations International and U.S. Airline Safety Management Systems Aviation Safety Management Systems
A Practical Guide to Transform Your Safety Program Into a Functioning Safety Management System
Author: Paul R. Snyder,Gary M. Ullrich
A Safety Management System (SMS) is required for most domestic and international air operations, through either regulatory (14 CFR Parts 5, 119, or 121) or voluntary compliance. The advent of SMS has affected all aviation sectors worldwide, including flight departments, independent contractors who provide services to the aviation industry, air traffic services and more. Many organizations are intimidated by the scope and complexity of SMS. This book puts SMS concepts and principles into a practical working format, providing guidance and resources for universities and training organizations to create, implement, and maintain a functioning SMS, and apply it to their company or university. SMS is a coherent and standardized approach to managing safety, integrated with the necessary organizational structures, accountabilities, policies and processes that must be tailored to meet the size and scope of each organization. It must be adapted and continuously improved to meet the mission while reducing risk to the lowest practical level. Beyond mere theoretical discussion, in Practical Application of Safety Management Systems readers are encouraged to use hands-on exercises to practically apply SMS concepts and principles to varied industry areas such as flight crews, maintenance, air traffic control, airports, and unmanned aircraft systems (UAS). Beginning with an overview and history of SMS, chapters cover SMS components, costs and development process, the safety culture, human factors, audits and evaluations, and more; each chapter concludes with review questions. Extensive case studies and references are provided throughout. Practical Application of Safety Management Systems is an up-to-date and useful guide to transform your safety program into a functioning safety management system. As a how-to textbook guide for setting up SMS in an organization, specifically designed for a 16-week SMS course, this book goes beyond the competition in providing key terms, learning objectives, sample questions, and a discussion of the FAA SMS Voluntary Program (SMSVP). It also specifically addresses more up-to-date concerns such as the new FAA 14 CFR Part 5 directive mandating the SMS program for 14 CFR Part 121 certificate holders.
Author: Kent Hollinger,Ned Allen
Publisher: American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics
Category: Business & Economics
Based on the highly successful Safety Management Systems (SMS) Principles, Theory and Application course taught by the MITRE Aviation Institute, this book includes SMS principles and theory as background along with examples from actual organizations of SMS lessons learned and best practices that can be applied to the reader's organization.
Author: Earl L. Wiener,David C. Nagel
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Category: Technology & Engineering
Human Factors in Aviation, written for the widespread aviation community--engineers, scientist, pilots, managers, government personnel, and others--is also be of interest to those in nonaviation fields. The authors/contributors were chosen not only as experts in their fields, but because they could write for a wider audience than they customarily address. The organization of the book takes the reader from the general to the specific, first covering broad issues, then the more specific topics of pilot performance, human factors in aircraft design, and vehicles and systems. The physiological and medical aspects are well documented also.
Strategisches Denken in komplexen Situationen
Author: Dietrich Dörner
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
«Komplexität erzeugt Unsicherheit. Unsicherheit erzeugt Angst. Vor dieser Angst wollen wir uns schützen. Darum blendet unser Gehirn all das Komplizierte, Undurchschaubare, Unberechenbare aus. Übrig bleibt ein Ausschnitt – das, was wir schon kennen. Weil dieser Ausschnitt aber mit dem Ganzen, das wir nicht sehen wollen, verknüpft ist, unterlaufen uns viele Fehler – der Misserfolg wird logisch programmiert.» (Rheinischer Merkur) Seit Erscheinen der ersten Ausgabe 1989 hat sich «Die Logik des Misslingens» zum «Standardwerk des Querdenkens» für Psychologen, Kognitionswissenschaftler, Risikoforscher und Motivationstrainer entwickelt. Dass komplexe Systeme nicht nur individuelle Entscheidungen, sondern auch Dynamik und erfolgreiches Handeln in Gruppen maßgeblich beeinflussen, ist neu in dieser erweiterten Ausgabe.
Author: Meir H. Kryger,Thomas Roth,William C. Dement
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 5th Edition, by Meir H. Kryger, MD, FRCPC, Thomas Roth, PhD, and William C. Dement, MD, PhD, delivers the comprehensive, dependable guidance you need to effectively diagnose and manage even the most challenging sleep disorders. Updates to genetics and circadian rhythms, occupational health, sleep in older people, memory and sleep, physical examination of the patient, comorbid insomnias, and much more keep you current on the newest areas of the field. A greater emphasis on evidence-based approaches helps you make the most well-informed clinical decisions. And, a new more user-friendly, full-color format, both in print and online, lets you find the answers you need more quickly and easily. Whether you are preparing for the new sleep medicine fellowship examination, or simply want to offer your patients today's best care, this is the one resource to use! Make optimal use of the newest scientific discoveries and clinical approaches that are advancing the diagnosis and management of sleep disorders. Stay on top of the hottest topics in sleep medicine with 56 new chapters, including: Postpartum Sleep Disturbances Fatigue Risk Management What does Brain Imaging Reveal about Sleep Genesis and Maintenance? Physician Examination of the Sleep Patient Forensic Sleep Medicine Pathophysiology and Models of Insomnia Treatment of Insomnia: Developing Treatment Guidelines Restrictive Lung Disorders Sleep Medicine in the Elderly: Obstructive Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Metabolic, and Renal Disorders Sleep Apnea, Obesity and Bariatric Surgery Sleep and Renal Disease Theories of Dreaming Why We Dream Sleep, Stress, and Burnout Evaluating Sleep EEG and Sleep Stage Scoring And more Master the newest areas in the field with 5 new sections covering: Sleep Mechanisms and Phylogeny Genetics of Sleep Physiology in Sleep Occupational Sleep Medicine Sleep Medicine in the Elderly Apply evidence-based approaches wherever available. Find answers more easily thanks to a new user-friendly, full-color format. Access the complete contents online from any computer and perform rapid searches on any topic. Follow links to PubMed abstracts for most bibliographical references. Access regular updates reflecting important new clinical developments. View video clips demonstrating key manifestations of sleep disturbances and interviews with sleep medicine pioneers and thought leaders. Enhance your knowledge with hundreds of self-assessment questions. Download patient education handouts in multiple languages. Import all of the images and tables into PowerPoint.
Author: Michael Ferguson,Sean Nelson
Publisher: Cengage Learning
AVIATION SAFETY: A BALANCED INDUSTRY APPROACH, first edition provides an innovative approach to the presentation of contemporary aviation safety detailing a number of pertinent subject matter areas. This book is designed to enhance the pedagogy of aviation safety by presenting topics and information that are derived from and directly applicable to various aspects of the aviation industry. Featuring issues on contemporary aviation safety, flight safety programs, regulatory organizations, ground operations safety, gap analysis, ethics, and safety management systems, the book provides a theoretical background to safety issues, all while making a significant connection to how the information can be directly applied to the aviation industry. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Key Strategic Developments
Author: Dr George Williams,Dr J Frankie O'Connell
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Business & Economics
Airlines are buffeted by fluctuating political and economic landscapes, ever-changing competition, technology developments, globalization, increasing deregulation and evolving customer requirements. As a consequence all sectors of the air transport industry are in a constant state of flux. The principle aim of this book is to review current trends in the airline industry and its related suppliers, thereby providing an insight into the forces that are changing its dynamics. The factors that are reshaping the structure of the industry are examined with a view to identifying the key issues whose impact will be critical in the future. The book features two very distinct sections. The first contains short contributions from industry executives at CEO/VP level from airlines, aircraft/engine manufacturers, safety and navigational provider organisations, who have set out their take of where the airline industry is heading. This commercial input sets the scene for the book and provides the bridge to the second section, which is composed of 18 chapters written by distinguished academic authors. Each chapter presents a valuable insight into a specific area of the air transport industry, including: airlines, airports, cargo, deregulation, the environment, navigation, strategy, information technology, security and tourism. The shared objective of the authors is to describe and explain the core competencies that are determining the current shape of the industry and to examine the forces that will change its direction going forward. The book is written in a management style and will appeal to all levels of personnel who work for airlines across the world. It is also written for airport authorities, aerospace manufacturers, regulatory and government transportation agencies, researchers and students of aviation management, transport studies, tourism and the wider air transport industry.
Author: Henning Pfisterer
Publisher: kassel university press GmbH
The implementation of Safety Management Systems at international airports was one of the most considerable changes in the regulatory framework for the operation and licensing of aerodromes in recent years. However, even more than five years after its inception it appears that the high expectations ICAO has placed on what has been designed as paradigm shift in the way of doing business in the airport industry were not materializing and Safety Management Systems appear at best to only marginally impact the safety performance of airports. Based on the lessons learned from the implementation of SMS in Germany an ideal organizational set-up for a most effective aerodrome SMS shall be designed. This proposal of an ideal organizational set-up shall be validated through a model implementation at a representative airport and subsequent long term observation in live operation. This model implementation serves as a basis from which recommendations for a future European regulation of Aerodrome Safety Management Systems under the EASA system shall be derived.
Crossing the Borders of Medical, Aviation, Road and Rail Industries
Author: José M. Anca Jr
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Safety management and human factors disciplines are often regarded as subjective and nebulous. This perhaps stems from a variety of, sometimes disparate, activities in the realms of education, industry and research. Aviation is one of the safety-critical industries that has led the development of safety systems and human factors. However, in recent years, safety management and human factors are seen to be progressing well in the road, rail and the medical arena. Multimodal Safety Management and Human Factors is a wide-ranging compendium of contemporary approaches in the aviation, road, rail and medical domains. It brings together 28 chapters from both the academic and professional worlds that focus on applications, tools and strategies in safety management and human factors. It is a wellspring of the practical rather than the theoretical. Safety scientists, human factors industry practitioners, change management advocates, educators and students will find this book extremely relevant and challenging.