Scaling Up Affordable Health Insurance

Staying the Course

Author: Alexander S. Preker,Marianne E. Lindner,Dov Chernichovsky,Onno P. Schellekens

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821385798

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 778

View: 4772

This book presents an in-depth review on the role of health care financing in improving access for low-income populations to needed care, protecting them from the impoverishing effects of illness, and addressing the important issues of social exclusion in government financed programs.

Global Marketplace for Private Health Insurance

Strength in Numbers

Author: Alexander S. Preker,Peter Zweifel,Onno P. Schellekens

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821376775

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 5034

Financial protection against the cost of illness and inclusion of vulnerable groups will require better mobilization and use of private means. Private voluntary health insurance already plays an important role in mobilizing additional resources to the health sector and protecting against the catastrophic cost of illness in some countries. This review explores the context under which private voluntary health insurance could contribute to an improvement in the sustainability of the health sector and financial protection in other countries.

Financing Micro Health Insurance: Theory, Methods And Evidence

Author: Dror David M

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813238496

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 552

View: 2468

Healthcare for all at affordable prices is still a major but universally elusive goal. Everyone spends money on healthcare, and it is the most impoverishing consumption item. Thus, most governments (and the United Nations) promote Universal Health Coverage — each country's unique blend of tools for healthcare financing, including taxes, subsidies and market controls.Most people in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have no health insurance of any kind. And most LMIC governments lack the political will, information, or resources to require their citizens to buy health insurance themselves or to subsidize insurance for all who cannot afford the price. This book deals with financing voluntary and contributory health insurance for resource-poor and rural groups in LMICs.This book addresses three issues. The first is how to catalyse demand for health insurance and develop insurance literacy among the largely illiterate and innumerate target population, using training programs to build an enabling consensus, allowing locals to create and administer such schemes. The second involves the process of developing simplified methods for risk assessment, which can help to underwrite risks, price the micro health insurance schemes, and ensure proper implementation. The third issue is formulating a compelling business case which would make this health insurance affordable, financially sustainable, and operationally scalable.This book develops insurance education and financial literacy for students of economics, business administration, insurance, development studies, and social work to prepare them for practical work as implementers, policymakers, or evaluators. A supplementary section for teachers and students includes comprehension questions.

Private Voluntary Health Insurance

Consumer Protection and Prudential Regulation

Author: Greg Brunner,Pablo Gottret,Birgit Hansl,Vijayasekar Kalavakonda,Somil Nagpal,Nicole Tapay

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082138757X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 130

View: 2774

This book aims to help countries design and implement a legal framework for a viable private health insurance market, with rationale for insurance regulation, institutions involved, and standards and protections used in regulating private health insurance.

Universal Health Coverage for Inclusive and Sustainable Development

A Synthesis of 11 Country Case Studies

Author: Akiko Maeda,Edson Araujo,Cheryl Cashin,Joseph Harris,Naoki Ikegami,Michael R. Reich

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 146480298X

Category: Medical

Page: 72

View: 8021

The goals of universal health coverage (UHC) are to ensure that all people can access quality health services, to safeguard all people from public health risks, and to protect all people from impoverishment due to illness, whether from out-of-pocket payments for health care or loss of income when a household member falls sick. Countries as diverse as Brazil, France, Japan, Thailand, and Turkey have shown how UHC can serve as vital mechanisms for improving the health and welfare of their citizens, and lay the foundation for economic growth and competitiveness grounded in the principles of equity and sustainability. Ensuring universal access to affordable, quality health services will be an important contribution to ending extreme poverty by 2030 and boosting shared prosperity in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), where most of the world's poor live. The book synthesizes the experiences from 11 countries – Bangladesh, Brazil, France, Ethiopia, Ghana, Indonesia, Japan, Peru, Thailand, Turkey and Vietnam – in implementing policies and strategies to achieve and sustain UHC. These countries represent diverse geographic and economic conditions, but all have committed to UHC as a key national aspiration and are approaching it in different ways. The study examined the UHC policies for each country around three common themes: (i) the political economy and policy process for adopting, achieving, and sustaining UHC; (ii) health financing policies to enhance health coverage; and (iii) human resources for health policies for achieving UHC. The findings from these country studies are intended to provide lessons that can be used by countries aspiring to adopt, achieve, and sustain UHC. Although the path to UHC is specific to each country, countries can benefit from the experiences of others in learning about different approaches and avoiding potential risks.

Mobilizing the Community for Better Health

What the Rest of America Can Learn from Northern Manhattan

Author: Allan J. Formicola,Lourdes Hernandez-Cordero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231525273

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5310

From 1999 to 2009, The Northern Manhattan Community Voices Collaborative put Columbia University and its Medical Center in touch with surrounding community organizations and churches to facilitate access to primary care, nutritional improvement, and smoking cessation, and to broker innovative ways to access healthcare and other social services. This unlikely partnership and the relationships it forged reaffirms the wisdom of joining "town and gown" to improve a community's well-being. Staff members of participating organizations have coauthored this volume, which shares the successes, failures, and obstacles of implementing a vast community health program. A representative of Alianza Dominicana, for example, one of the country's largest groups settling new immigrants, speaks to the value of community-based organizations in ridding a neighborhood of crime, facilitating access to health insurance, and navigating the healthcare system. The editors outline the beginnings and infrastructure of the collaboration and the relationship between leaders that fueled positive outcomes. Their portrait demonstrates how grassroots solutions can create productive dialogues that help resolve difficult issues.

Scaling-up Microfinance for India's Rural Poor

Author: Priya Basu,Pradeep Srivastava

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic books

Page: 32

View: 2111

The paper recommends that, if SHG Bank Linkage is to be scaled-up to offer mass access to finance for the rural poor, then more attention will need to be paid toward the promotion of high quality SHGs that are sustainable, clear targeting of clients, and ensuring that banks linked to SHGs price loans at cost-covering levels. At the same time, the paper argues that, in an economy as vast and varied as India's, there is scope for diverse microfinance approaches to coexist. Private sector microfinanciers need to acquire greater professionalism, and the government can help by creating a flexible architecture for microfinance innovations, including through a more enabling policy, legal, and regulatory framework. Finally, the paper argues that, while microfinance can, at minimum, serve as a quick way to deliver finance to reform these institutions with an eye to improving access for the poor."

Private Health Sector Assessment in Tanzania

Author: James White,Barbara O'Hanlon,Grace Chee,Emmanuel Malangalila,Adeline Kimambo,Jorge Coarasa,Sean Callahan,Ilana Ron Levey,Kim McKeon

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464800421

Category: Medical

Page: 216

View: 480

The Tanzania Private Health Sector Assessment provides information on the size, location and characteristics of non-state health service providers in Tanzania. It also identifies challenges and opportunities for the Government of Tanzania and International Community to leverage the potential of these providers to achieve

Scaling Up Malaria Control in Africa

An Economic and Epidemiological Assessment

Author: Awash Teklehaimanot,Gordon Carlos McCord,Jeffrey Sachs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Malaria

Page: 22

View: 5731

This paper estimates the number of people at risk of contracting malaria in Africa using GIS methods and the disease's epidemiologic characteristics. It then estimates yearly costs of covering the population at risk with the package of interventions (differing by level of malaria endemicity and differing for rural and urban populations) for malaria as recommended by the UN Millennium Project. These projected costs are calculated assuming a ramp-up of coverage to full coverage by 2008, and then projected out through 2015 to give a year-by-year cost of meeting the Millennium Development Goal for reducing the burden of malaria by 75% We conclude that the cost of comprehensive malaria control for Africa is US$3.0 billion per year on average, or around US$4.02 per African at risk.

Show Me the Evidence

Obama's Fight for Rigor and Results in Social Policy

Author: Ron Haskins,Greg Margolis

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815725701

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 2037

The first comprehensive history of the Obama administration's evidence-based initiatives. From its earliest days, the Obama administration planned and enacted several initiatives to fund social programs based on rigorous evidence of success. Ron Haskins and Greg Margolis tell the story of six—spanning preschool and K-12 education, teen pregnancy, employment and training, health, and community-based programs. Readers will appreciate the fast-moving descriptions of the politics and policy debates that shaped these federal programs and the analysis of whether they will truly reshape federal social policy and greatly improve its impacts on the nation's social problems. Based on interviews with 134 individuals (including advocates, officials at the Office of Management and Budget and the Domestic Policy Council, Congressional staff, and officials in the federal agencies administering the initiatives) as well as Congressional and administration documents and news accounts, the authors examine each of the six initiatives in separate chapters. The story of each initiative includes a review of the social problem the initiative addresses; the genesis and enactment of the legislation that authorized the initiative; and the development of the procedures used by the administration to set the evidence standard and evaluation requirements—including the requirements for grant applications and awarding of grants.

In the Shadow of the City

Community Health and the Urban Poor

Author: Trudy Harpham,Tim Lusty,Patrick Vaughan

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780192615916

Category: Community health services

Page: 237

View: 2967

This book focuses on the crises faced by the urban poor in developing countries, where mass migration into the cities poses massive infrastructural problems, resulting in insufficient food supply, poor health and living conditions, and inadequate sanitation systems. Through case studies and other data, the editors examine aspects of urban poverty and suggest public health programs and intervention by international agencies. Field workers, health policymakers, and development researchers will value this insightful study.

Global Mental Health Trials

Author: Graham Thornicroft,Vikram Patel

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191501646

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 5138

Global mental health is a dynamic field of global health; a core aspect of the story which has led to its emergence has been the conduct of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating innovative delivery systems of packages of care for mental disorders in low-resource settings. Global Mental Health Trials brings together many of the world's leading researchers active in the fields of RCTs in low- and medium-resource countries and settings related to improving mental health care. It presents clear and practical information about how to conduct such trials in these settings, along with critical methodological and ethical issues related to such trials, learning from the positive and negative experiences of expert scientists in many countries worldwide who have completed such trials. This book serves as a valuable resource for practitioners in mental health - psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses nursing, psychologists, social workers, and occupational therapists - as well as researchers in the areas of psycho-social treatments in mental health, mental health services research, and programme and systems evaluation.

Public Health in the Middle East and North Africa

Meeting the Challenges of the Twenty-first Century

Author: Anne Maryse Pierre-Louis,Francisca Ayodeji Akala,Hadia Samaha Karam

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821357903

Category: Medical

Page: 125

View: 681

This publication contains papers presented at the Middle East regional symposium, held in Beirut in June 2002, to discuss public health challenges in the Middle East and North Africa and Eastern Mediterranean (MENA/EM) regions. Issues discussed include: public health functions and infrastructures, health economics, affordable and culturally appropriate services for disease prevention and treatment to reduce the dual burden of illness and disability, promotion strategies, the HIV/AIDS situation, issues of road safety, and strengthening primary health care in Iran.

Water and Sanitation-Related Diseases and the Environment

Challenges, Interventions, and Preventive Measures

Author: Janine M. H. Selendy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118148600

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 1329

Written by authorities from various related specialties, this bookpresents the most complete treatment possible of the conditionsresponsible for water- and sanitation-related diseases, thepathogens and their biology, morbidity and mortality resulting fromlack of safe water and sanitation, distribution of these diseases,and the conditions that must be met to reduce or eradicate them.Preventive measures and solutions are presented throughout. Thisbook is an essential resource for all graduate students,postdoctoral scholars, and professionals in infectious disease,public health and medicine, chemical and environmental engineering,and international affairs. Key features: Provides a comprehensive understanding of the interconnectionamong many factors related to water-related diseases, sanitationand hygiene Brings together experts from various specialties to addresseach area covered and to assist in bringing about the understandingof those interconnections Provides examples of successful interventions with knowledgeabout how they were brought about so that information can be use toreplicate the initiative in full or in part Provides an appreciation of the concerns and solutionsaddressed from an international perspective with high and lowtechnological solutions Provides insight into the international dimension of theseconcerns and how they can be best addressed Four hours of accompanying multimedia DVD on two discs Learn more about this title and share information with colleaguesand friends using this three-pageflier: http://www.solutions-site.org/dvd/insert.pdf

Digital Medicine

Implications for Healthcare Leaders

Author: Jeff Charles Goldsmith

Publisher: Health Administration Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 199

View: 7603