Scaling Up Health Service Delivery

From Pilot Innovations to Policies and Programmes

Author: Ruth Simmons,Peter Fajans,Laura Ghiron

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563516

Category: Medical

Page: 183

View: 5735

"The focus here is on ways to increase impact of health service innovations that have been tested in pilot or experimental projects so as to benefit more people and to foster policy and programme development on a lasting, sustainable basis." -- p.i Preface.

Improving Health Service Delivery in Developing Countries

From Evidence to Action

Author: David H. Peters

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821379437

Category: Medical

Page: 338

View: 5299

Reliable information on how health service strategies affect the poor is in short supply. In an attempt to redress the imbalance, 'Improving Health Service Delivery in Developing Countries' presents evidence on strategies for strengthening health service delivery, based on systematic reviews of the literature, quantitative and qualitative analyses of existing data, and seven country case studies. The authors also explore how changes in coverage of different health services affect each other on the national level. Finally, the authors explain why setting international targets for health services has been not been successful and offer an alternative approach based on a specific country's experience.The book's findings are clear and hopeful: There are many ways to improve health services. Measuring change and using information to guide decisions and inform stakeholders are critically important for successful implementation. Asking difficult questions, using information intelligently, and involving key stakeholders and institutions are central to the "learning and doing" practices that underlie successful health service delivery.

The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention

Personal, Public and Health Systems Approaches

Author: Sevgi O. Aral,Kevin A. Fenton,Judith A. Lipshutz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461445264

Category: Medical

Page: 439

View: 6197

Despite effective approaches to prevention, STD and HIV infection rates remain fairly constant. Targeting, implementation, and monitoring of interventions have posed widespread problems, and the recent spate of cuts to prevention budgets has made these roadblocks even more challenging. It is clear that working in sexual health requires both a deeper understanding of STI/HIV epidemiology and an ongoing quest for up-to-date, realistic prevention strategies. The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention offers readers leading-edge access to both. Focusing on social determinants of sexual health, at-risk populations, critical factors in approaches to prevention, and reviews of new research, this authoritative volume explores areas as varied as HPV prevention, technology-based interventions, migration as a factor in disease transmission, and competencies key to effective leadership in the field. Dispatches from the frontlines of theory, research, and practice in the U.S. and abroad include: Personal risk, public impact: balancing individual rights and STD/HIV prevention. Distribution of prevention resources and its impact on sexual health. Prevention measures in diverse populations of women. Toward a better approach to preventive interventions with men who have sex with men. Adolescent sexual health and STIs. Reducing disparities in sexual health: lessons from the campaign to eliminate infectious syphilis. Public health professionals of all backgrounds interested in or working in improving sexual health will find The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention an indispensable guide to conceptualizing the problems and clarifying possible solutions.

Health Care Delivery and Clinical Science: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522539271

Category: Medical

Page: 1596

View: 6055

The development of better processes to provide proper healthcare has enhanced contemporary society. By implementing effective collaborative strategies, this ensures proper quality and instruction for both the patient and medical practitioners. Health Care Delivery and Clinical Science: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a comprehensive reference source for the latest scholarly material on emerging strategies and methods for delivering optimal healthcare and examines the latest techniques and methods of clinical science. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as medication management, health literacy, and patient engagement, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for professionals, practitioners, researchers, academics, and graduate students interested in healthcare delivery and clinical science.

Innovating for the Global South

Towards an Inclusive Innovation Agenda

Author: Dilip Soman,Janice Gross Stein,Joseph Wong

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442614625

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 185

View: 3629

Innovating for the Global South offers fresh solutions for reducing poverty in the developing world.

Zambia Health Sector Public Expenditure Review

Accounting for Resources to Improve Effective Service Coverage

Author: Oscar F. Picazo,Feng Zhao

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821378058

Category: Medical

Page: 92

View: 6111

This book portrays the performance of the health sector in Zambia using quantitative techniques. While there have been a number of health sector assessments in the country, they have relied on qualitative and anecdotal evidence for the most part. For the first time, this pubic expenditure review of the health sector brings together the results of three separate but related analytical efforts: multi-year national health accounts, a public expenditure tracking and quality of service delivery survey, and resource and impact modeling using the Marginal Budgeting for Bottlenecks software. These exercises combine to yield more powerful findings on the weaknesses and prospects of the Zambian health system.

Shaping Academia for the Public Good

Critical Reflections on the CHSRF/CIHR Chair Program

Author: Louise Potvin,Pat Armstrong

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 144266665X

Category: Education

Page: 320

View: 8461

With increasing demands for evidence-based decision-making, the academic community must be ready to train researchers who can reduce the gap between health care research and practice. One program dedicated to promoting such training is the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation (CHSRF, now the Canadian Foundation for Healthcare Improvement) and Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR) Chair Program. Participants of these programs were selected to develop innovative research programs that bridge this divide, as well as to mentor the next generation on building partnerships with organizations outside the university through applied research. The CHSRF/CIHR Chairs have come together in Shaping Academia for the Public Good to draw out valuable lessons learned throughout its first decade. It includes chapters on funding, knowledge transfer, policy frameworks, working with multiple stakeholders, and managing organizational settings, among other topics. Shaping Academia for the Public Good will be a helpful resource for those interested in the potential of new research approaches to improve our healthcare system.

What Works for the Poorest?

Poverty Reduction Programmes for the World's Extreme Poor

Author: David Lawson

Publisher: Practical Action Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 5653

This book is the first attempt to examine 'what works for the poorest' and analyses innovative ultra-poor programmes from around the world and explores the lessons that emerge from this important body of knowledge. It should be read by staff of donor agencies and NGOs, students of development studies who are concerned about chronic poverty.

Aid Scaling Up: Do Wage Bill Ceilings Stand in the Way?

Author: Annalisa Fedelino,Gerd Schwartz,Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: N.A

Category: Economic assistance

Page: 37

View: 6282

This paper assesses whether the scaling up of aid and the resulting increase in government spending that is needed to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) would be hampered by wage bill ceilings that are often part of government programs supported by the IMF's Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). Based on country case studies for 2003-05, the paper suggests that, in the past, wage bill ceilings have not restricted the use of available donor funds. Yet the paper offers a number of suggestions for further enhancing the flexibility of wage bill conditionality in PRGF-supported programs to respond to higher aid flows that may result in the future.

Health Care Delivery Under Conflict

How Prepared is West Africa?

Author: Adedoyin Soyibo

Publisher: University Press Llc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 191

View: 9082

The conflict countries under consideration are Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone. Factors considered are the health impacts of armed conflicts and how these are addressed; the health status of post-conflict countries; epidemiological patterns; and the overall linkages between health, poverty and conflict. The study further considers the contributions of international and statutory agencies, NGOS, and regional bodies, such as ECOWAS, and the West African Health Organisation; and the provision of legal and institutional frameworks for health care. It ends with several recommendations and conclusions, notably that West African countries are not adequately prepared for health care delivery either under conflict or post-conflict; and that ECOWAS and agencies at regional level are not equipped to deal with the problems either.

Scaling Up Nutrition

What Will It Cost?

Author: Susan Horton,Meera Shekar,Christine McDonald,Ajay Mahal,Jana Krystene Brooks

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821380789

Category: Medical

Page: 132

View: 5664

Action against malnutrition is needed more than ever. An additional US$10.3 billion a year is required from national and international public resources to successfully attack undernutrition worldwide. This would benefit more than 360 million children in the 36 countries with the highest burden of undernutrition home to 90 percent of the stunted children globally. Since early childhood offers a special window of opportunity to improve nutrition, the bulk of the investment needs to be targeted between pre-pregnancy until two years of age. 'Scaling Up Nutrition: What Will It Cost?' notes that investment will yield high returns through thriving children, healthier families, and more productive workers. This investment is essential to make progress on the nutrition and child mortality Millennium Development Goals and to protect critical human capital in developing economies. The human and financial costs of further neglect will be high. This call for greater investment in nutrition comes at a time when global efforts to strengthen health systems provide a unique opportunity to scale up integrated packages of health and nutrition interventions with common delivery platforms, thereby reducing costs. 'Scaling Up Nutrition: What Will It Cost?' has benefited from the expertise of many international agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and research institutions. This book will be of interest to policy makers, public health officials, nutritionists, government officials, and all those interested in improving child nutrition and health outcomes.

Global Monitoring Report 2005

Millennium Development Goals - From Consensus to Momentum

Author: International Monetary Fund

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1455232564

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 26

View: 9138

The year 2005 marks an important juncture for development as the international community takes stock of implementation of the Millennium Declaration—signed by 189 countries in 2000—and discusses how progress toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) can be accelerated. The MDGs set clear targets for reducing poverty and other human deprivations and for promoting sustainable development. What progress has been made toward these goals, and what should be done to accelerate it? What are the responsibilities of developing countries, developed countries, and international financial institutions? Global Monitoring Report 2005 addresses these questions. This report, the second in an annual series assessing progress on the MDGs and related development outcomes, has a special focus on Sub-Saharan Africa—the region that is farthest from the development goals and faces the toughest challenges in accelerating progress. The report finds that without rapid action to accelerate progress, the MDGs will be seriously jeopardized—especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, which is falling short on all the goals. It calls on the international community to seize the opportunities presented by the increased global attention to development to build momentum for the MDGs. The report presents in-depth analysis of the agenda and priorities for action. It discusses improvements in policies and governance that developing countries need to make to achieve stronger economic growth and scale up human development and relevant key services. It examines actions that developed countries need to take to provide more and better development aid and to reform their trade policies to improve market access for developing country exports. And it evaluates how international financial institutions can strengthen and sharpen their support for this agenda. Global Monitoring Report 2005 is essential reading for development practitioners and those interested in international affairs.

Global Monitoring Report 2008

MDGs and the Environment -- Agenda for Inclusive and Sustainable Development

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821373859

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 5384

'Global Monitoring Report 2008', the fifth in an annual series, is essential reading for those who wish to follow the global development agenda and debate in 2008. The year marks the midpoint toward the 2015 deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is also an important year to work toward a consensus on how the world is going to respond to the challenge of climate change, building on the foundation laid at the Bali climate change conference in December 2007. The report spans this agenda. It provides a comprehensive assessment of progress toward the MDGs and related policies and actions. It addresses the challenge of climate change and environmental sustainability and assesses its implications for development. The report's assessment of MDGs at midpoint presents a mixed picture, one of both significant progress and formidable challenges. The first MDG, reducing extreme poverty by half, is likely to be met at the global level, thanks to a remarkable surge in global economic growth over the past decade. But, on current trends, the human development MDGs are unlikely to be met. Prospects are gravest for the goals of reducing child and maternal mortality, but shortfalls are also likely in the primary school completion. nutrition, and sanitation MDGs. The potential effects of climate change compound the challenge of achieving the development goals and sustaining progress. The report's messages are clear: urgent action is needed to help the world get back on track to achieve the MDGs; and urgent action is also needed to combat climate change that threatens the well-being of all countries, but particularly of poor countries and poor people. The goals of development and environmental sustainability are closely related, and the paths to those goals have important synergies.

Reimagining Global Health

An Introduction

Author: Paul Farmer,Arthur Kleinman,Jim Kim,Matthew Basilico

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520954637

Category: Medical

Page: 508

View: 2547

Bringing together the experience, perspective and expertise of Paul Farmer, Jim Yong Kim, and Arthur Kleinman, Reimagining Global Health provides an original, compelling introduction to the field of global health. Drawn from a Harvard course developed by their student Matthew Basilico, this work provides an accessible and engaging framework for the study of global health. Insisting on an approach that is historically deep and geographically broad, the authors underline the importance of a transdisciplinary approach, and offer a highly readable distillation of several historical and ethnographic perspectives of contemporary global health problems. The case studies presented throughout Reimagining Global Health bring together ethnographic, theoretical, and historical perspectives into a wholly new and exciting investigation of global health. The interdisciplinary approach outlined in this text should prove useful not only in schools of public health, nursing, and medicine, but also in undergraduate and graduate classes in anthropology, sociology, political economy, and history, among others.

Scaling Up Scaling Down

Overcoming Malnutrition in Developing Countries

Author: Thomas J. Marchione

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134390904

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 1852

The individual and institutional capacities required for the prevention and reduction of nutritional insecurity and hunger in lesser-developed countries as the twenty-first century approaches are identified in this book. Household nutritional "security" can be defined as the successful The essays in this book champion the idea of increasing, or scaling up, grass roots operations to provide nutritional security, while scaling down the efforts of national and international institutions. Scaling up involves strengthening local capacities to improve and expand upon current successful programs by building upon existing local culture and organizations. This, in turn, enables the programs to strengthen relationships with national governments, international bilateral/multilateral donors, as well as non-governmental organizations. Scaling down concerns the ways and means by which these various organizations encourage and complement the local development. Therefore, as local capacities are scaled up, the national/international control over decisions and functions is, ideally, scaled down. The volume also directly addresses the resultant complication: how to create programs that are both culturally specific and that will flourish well into the future.

The State of Africa's Children, 2008

Child Survival

Author: N.A

Publisher: UNICEF

ISBN: 9280642472

Category: Children

Page: 54

View: 8876

The State of Africa's Children 2008 is a regional edition of UNICEF's The State of the World's Children 2008 report. Complementary to the global report, it examines the state of child survival in Africa and highlights the need to position child health at the heart of the region's development and human rights agenda. It also outlines possible solutions - programmes, policies and partnerships - to accelerate progress towards meeting the Millennium Development Goals.--Publisher's description.

African Health Leaders

Making Change and Claiming the Future

Author: Francis Omaswa,Nigel Crisp

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191008419

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 3614

Most accounts of health and healthcare in Africa are written by foreigners. African Health Leaders: Making Change and Claiming the Future redresses the balance. Written by Africans, who have themselves led improvements in their own countries, the book discusses the creativity, innovation and leadership that has been involved tackling everything from HIV/AIDs, to maternal, and child mortality and neglected tropical diseases. It celebrates their achievements and shows how, over three generations, African health leaders are creating a distinctively African vision of health and health systems. The book reveals how African Health Leaders are claiming the future - in Africa, but also by sharing their insights and knowledge globally and contributing fully to improving health throughout the world. It illustrates how African leadership can enable foreign agencies and individuals working in Africa to avoid all those misunderstandings and misinterpretations of culture and context which lead to wasted efforts and frustrated hopes. African Health Leaders challenges Africans to do more for themselves; build on success; tackle weak governance, corrupt systems and low expectations and claim the future. It sets out what Africa needs from the rest of the world in the spirit of global solidarity - not primarily in aid, but through investment, collaboration, partnership and co-development. It concludes with a vision for improvement based on three foundations: an understanding that 'health is made at home'; the determination to offer access to health services for everyone; and an insistence on the pursuit of quality.