Scaling Up Multiple Use Water Services

Accountability in Public Water Sector Performance for Health and Wealth

Author: Barbara Van Koppen,Stef Smits,Cristina Rumbaitis Del Rio

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781853398292

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 104

View: 6437

Poor people in developing countries need water for many purposes: for drinking, bathing, irrigating vegetable gardens, and watering livestock. However, responsibility for water services is divided between different government agencies, the WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) and irrigation sub-sectors, with the result that people’s holistic needs are not met. Multiple use water services (MUS) is a participatory water services approach that takes account of poor people’s multiple water needs as a starting point of planning, and the approach has been implemented in at least 22 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Scaling up Multiple Use Water Services argues that by designing cost-effective multi-purpose infrastructure MUS can have a positive impact on people’s health and livelihoods. It analyses and explains the success factors of MUS, using a framework of accountability for public service delivery, and it also examines why there has been resistance against scaling up MUS. A stronger service delivery approach can overcome this resistance, by rewarding more livelihood outcomes, by fostering discretionary decision-making power of local-level staff and by allowing horizontal coordination.This book should be read by government and aid agency policy makers in the WASH and agriculture sectors, by development field workers, and by academics, researchers and students of international development.

Multiple-use water services to advance the millennium development goals

Author: van Koppen, Barbara, Moriarty, P., Boelee, Eline

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9290906278

Category: Drinking water

Page: 44

View: 6233

This research report presents the findings of the first phase of the action-research project "Models for implementing multiple-use water supply systems for enhanced land and water productivity, rural livelihoods and gender equity." Multipleuse water services, or "mus" in short, is a participatory, integrated and poverty-reduction focused approach in poor rural and peri-urban areas, which takes people's multiple water needs as a starting point for providing integrated services, moving beyond the conventional sectoral barriers of the domestic and productive sectors.

The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy

Author: Ken Conca,Erika Weinthal

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199335087

Category: Political Science

Page: 712

View: 9661

This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online. For more information, please read the site FAQs.

Watershed moments

a photographic anthology celebrating 30 years of research for a water-secure world (1985–2015 and beyond)

Author: International Water Management Institute (IWMI).

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9290908394

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1047

Climbing the Water Ladder

Multiple-use Water Services for Poverty Reduction

Author: N.A

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9066870699

Category: Drinking water

Page: 215

View: 3570

In low- and middle-income countries, people need water for drinking, personal hygiene and other domestic use. But they also use it for livestock, horticulture, irrigation, fisheries, brickmaking, and other small-scale enterprises. Multiple-use water services (MUS) are best suited to meeting people's needs. However, most water services are designed only for domestic water or only for agriculture, and fail to reflect its real-life use.

Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 764

View: 1457

The 'Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook' provides an up-to-date understanding of gender issues and a rich compilation of compelling evidence of good practices and lessons learned to guide practitioners in integrating gender dimensions into agricultural projects and programs. It is serves as a tool for: guidance; showcasing key principles in integrating gender into projects; stimulating the imagination of practitioners to apply lessons learned, experiences, and innovations to the design of future support and investment in the agriculture sector. The Sourcebook draws on a wide range of experience from World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and other donor agencies, governments, institutions, and groups active in agricultural development. The Sourcebook looks at: access to and control of assets; access to markets, information and organization; and capacity to manage risk and vulnerability through a gender lens. There are 16 modules covering themes of cross-cutting importance for agriculture with strong gender dimensions (Policy, Public Administration and Governance; Agricultural Innovation and Education; Food Security; Markets; Rural Finance; Rural Infrastructure; Water; Land; Labor; Natural Resource Management; and Disaster and Post-Conflict Management) and specific subsectors in agriculture (Crops, Livestock, Forestry, and Fisheries). A separate module on Monitoring and Evaluation is included, responding to the need to track implementation and development impact. Each module contains three different sub-units: (1) A Module Overview gives a broad introduction to the topic and provides a summary of major development issues in the sector and rationale of looking at gender dimension; (2) Thematic Notes provide a brief and technically sound guide in gender integration in selected themes with lessons learned, guidelines, checklists, organizing principles, key questions, and key performance indicators; and (3) Innovative Activity Profiles describe the design and innovative features of recent and exciting projects and activities that have been implemented or are ongoing.

Sustainable groundwater resources in Africa

water supply and sanitation environment

Author: Yongxin Xu,Unesco

Publisher: CRC Pr I Llc

ISBN: 9780415876032

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 282

View: 9961

Empowering people, reducing poverty, improving livelihoods and promoting economic growth, while at the ensuring sustainable ecosystems, requires local, appropriate and widely replicable solutions. In the search for these, poor sanitation and poor water supply are major drivers in cycles of disease, poverty and powerlessness which avoid people in developing nations to escape poverty. Sustainable water supply is not only a matter of groundwater and sanitation-technical solutions, but as much implies tackling major issues concerning hydro-social and public health components. The African continent, has lagged behind other regions in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in water supply and sanitation, and continues to be a much neglected water resource. This volume disseminates investigations and pointers towards achieving sustainable groundwater supplies in challenging local community environments across the African continent. The first part presents the search integrated water, sanitation, hygiene delivery and best implementation practice. The second part, through a variety of case studies, illustrates the current status and pitfalls that hydrogeologists experience and highlights the relevant challenges that especially Sub-Saharan Africa still faces in this battle. The chapters present the current situation, best practices, challenges identified and directions developed by the authors in their advancement towards comprehensive solutions. For anyone involved with the development of water supply and sanitation in developing countries.

Water Service Provision for the Peri-urban Poor in Post-conflict Angola

Author: Allan Cain,Martin Mulenga

Publisher: IIED

ISBN: 1843697548

Category: Poverty

Page: 58

View: 3427

This paper is an output of the Sida, DANIDA and DFID funded project entitled: Improving urban water and sanitation provision globally, through information and action driven locally. This project was carried out by IIED and five of its partners in Angola, Argentina, Ghana, India and Pakistan. The project aims to document innovative and inspiring examples of locally-driven water and sanitation initiatives in deprived urban areas. The project provides a basis for better understanding of how to identify and build upon local initiatives that are likely to improve water and sanitation services. The project also looks at how local organisations in those countries have managed to: scale up successful projects; work collaboratively; finance water and sanitation schemes; and use information systems such as mapping to drive local action and monitor improvements.

Conventional and Unconventional Approaches to Water Service Provision

Author: N.A

Publisher: American Water Works Association

ISBN: 9781583213551

Category: Nature

Page: 316

View: 8665

This research project looked at a newly emerging paradigm of water utilities supplying two distinct product: premium water for drinking and bulk water for other uses. They examined numerous unconventional approaches: bottled water distribution, point-of-use (POU), point-of-entry IPOE) device installation, neighborhood-scale treatment, water reuse, and dual distribution systems. Numerous evaluation criteria were used while also investigating two approach options: one dealing with regulatory compliance issues and the other with supplemental services. Many research findings are presented with a global conclusion that unconventional approaches hold considerable promise, especially for small systems and localized portions of larger systems.

Rural Water Systems for Multiple Uses and Livelihood Security

Author: M. Dinesh Kumar,Yusuf Kabir,A. J. James

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128041321

Category:

Page: 320

View: 314

Rural Water Systems for Multiple Uses and Livelihood Security covers the technological, institutional, and policy choices for building rural water supply systems that are sustainable from physical, economic, and ecological points-of-view in developing countries. While there is abundant theoretical discourse on designing village water supply schemes as multiple use systems, there is too little understanding of the type of water needs in rural households, how they vary across socio-economic and climatic settings, the extent to which these needs are met by the existing single use water supply schemes, and what mechanisms exist to take care of unmet demands. The case studies presented in the book from different agro ecological regions quantify these benefits under different agro ecological settings, also examining the economic and environmental trade-offs in maximizing benefits. This book demonstrates how various physical and socio-economic processes alter the hydrology of tanks in rural settings, thereby affecting their performance, also including quantitative criteria that can be used to select tanks suitable for rehabilitation. Covers interdisciplinary topics deftly interwoven in the rural context of varying geo-climatic and socioeconomic situations of people in developing areas Presents methodologies for quantifying the multiple water use benefits from wetlands and case studies from different agro ecologies using these methodologies to help frame appropriate policies Provides analysis of the climatic and socioeconomic factors responsible for changes in hydrology of multiple use wetlands in order to help target multiple use water bodies for rehabilitation Includes implementable models for converting single use water supply systems into multiple use systems

Annual Report

Author: International Water Management Institute

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Water quality management

Page: N.A

View: 3499

Multiple use schemes: Benefit to smallholders

Author: Pant, Dhruba,Gautam, K. R.,Shakya, S. D.,Adhikari, D. L.

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 929090643X

Category: Irrigation projects

Page: 40

View: 8489

Credit / Income / Households / Social aspects / Water users / Farmer participation / Participatory management / Land ownership / Women / Cereals / Vegetables / Sprinkler irrigation / Drip irrigation / Irrigation water / Drinking water / Domestic water / Water supply / Irrigation programs

Achieving Water Security

Lessons from Research in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene in Ethiopia

Author: R. C. Calow,Eva Ludi,Josephine Tucker

Publisher: Practical Action Pub

ISBN: 9781853397639

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 681

While achieving water security remains an elusive goal across large swathes of sub-Saharan Africa, the benefits of investing in water, sanitation and hygiene to achieve basic water security and alleviate poverty are clear. Households benefit through a range of health, educational, nutritional and broader livelihood impacts; local, regional and national economies benefit from greater economic activity, spending and investment; and over the longer-term, households and economies benefit through greater resilience to climate change and shocks. So why are governments and their development partners struggling to meet water and sanitation targets? What factors make it difficult to sustain services at scale? And how can policies and plans for delivering and sustaining services for poor people be strengthened in the face of multiple pressures, including climate change? This book, the outcome of a five-year research program in Ethiopia, addresses these questions head-on. Based on extensive field research and in-depth interviews, Achieving Water Security draws conclusions for policy and practice of relevance not just for Ethiopia, but for sub-Saharan Africa more widely, linking findings with current international debates on service delivery in rural areas. The book also discusses how research findings can be fast-tracked into policy and practice through an innovative action research approach based on learning and practice alliances, aimed at bridging the gap between researchers and decision-makers. As well as detailed field-based research, the book draws on wider analysis of the institutional and political factors that drive or constrain sector progress, offering real insight into the political economy of reform and the hidden incentives that shape decision-making. Findings from the action research project are presented and discussed in the context of this broader landscape. This book should be read by the staff of government agencies, donor organizations and NGOs, as well as academics, students and researchers involved in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector.

Negotiating Water Governance

Why the Politics of Scale Matter

Author: Emma S. Norman,Christina Cook

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317089162

Category: Nature

Page: 340

View: 5425

Those who control water, hold power. Complicating matters, water is a flow resource; constantly changing states between liquid, solid, and gas, being incorporated into living and non-living things and crossing boundaries of all kinds. As a result, water governance has much to do with the question of boundaries and scale: who is in and who is out of decision-making structures? Which of the many boundaries that water crosses should be used for decision-making related to its governance? Recently, efforts to understand the relationship between water and political boundaries have come to the fore of water governance debates: how and why does water governance fragment across sectors and governmental departments? How can we govern shared waters more effectively? How do politics and power play out in water governance? This book brings together and connects the work of scholars to engage with such questions. The introduction of scalar debates into water governance discussions is a significant advancement of both governance studies and scalar theory: decision-making with respect to water is often, implicitly, a decision about scale and its related politics. When water managers or scholars explore municipal water service delivery systems, argue that integrated approaches to salmon stewardship are critical to their survival, query the damming of a river to provide power to another region and investigate access to potable water - they are deliberating the politics of scale. Accessible, engaging, and informative, the volume offers an overview and advancement of both scalar and governance studies while examining practical solutions to the challenges of water governance.

Formal water rights in rural Tanzania: Deepening the dichotomy?

Author: Barbara van Koppen,Charles S. Sokile,Nuhu Hatibu,Bruce A. Lankford, Henry Mahoo ,Pius Z. Yanda

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9290905565

Category: Water rights

Page: 26

View: 744

This paper concludes by suggesting easy adaptations in the current water rights system that would accommodate both groups of water users, improve cost-recovery for government services, mitigate water conflicts and alleviate rural poverty.

The Future of Water in African Cities

Why Waste Water?

Author: Michael Jacobsen,Michael Webster,Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821397222

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 8460

Coping with increasing water demand of rapidly-growing cities in Sub-Saharan Africa will require new and innovative planning and management solutions. This book presents Integrated Urban Water Management, an innovative and holistic approach for all components of the urban water cycle to better adapt to current and future urban water challenges.

Water, Democracy and Neoliberalism in India

The Power to Reform

Author: Vicky Walters

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135040915

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 2637

Since the early 1990s, the achievement of ‘good governance’ has been a dominant discourse in the pursuit of social and economic development. This book presents a critical challenge to the contemporary development paradigm of good governance. Based on original ethnographic fieldwork on urban water governance reforms in south India (Karnataka), the book examines the two propositions that underlie the current good governance debate. The first refers to a claim that good governance is both democratic and pro-market. The second to the claim that commercially-oriented water services, whether private or public, are good for poor and marginalised citizens. The book analyses these propositions as they intersect on three levels: policy, practice (process) and outcome. It argues that a number of tensions and contradictions exist within and between what the discourse promises, the everyday practises of how good governance policies are implemented and in the outcomes of such. It reveals the networks of power and the complexity of local reforms and their relation to global discourses as well as the motivations and every day practises of those who currently possess the power to reform. The book is of interest to academics in the fields of Development Studies, Asian Studies and Comparative Politics.

Contaminated Water Supplies at Camp Lejeune:

Assessing Potential Health Effects

Author: Committee on Contaminated Drinking Water at Camp Lejeune,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309136997

Category: Medical

Page: 338

View: 2964

In the early 1980s, two water-supply systems on the Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune in North Carolina were found to be contaminated with the industrial solvents trichloroethylene (TCE) and perchloroethylene (PCE). The water systems were supplied by the Tarawa Terrace and Hadnot Point watertreatment plants, which served enlisted-family housing, barracks for unmarried service personnel, base administrative offices, schools, and recreational areas. The Hadnot Point water system also served the base hospital and an industrial area and supplied water to housing on the Holcomb Boulevard water system (full-time until 1972 and periodically thereafter). This book examines what is known about the contamination of the water supplies at Camp Lejeune and whether the contamination can be linked to any adverse health outcomes in former residents and workers at the base.