Scaling Up Multiple Use Water Services

Accountability in Public Water Sector Performance for Health and Wealth

Author: Barbara Van Koppen,Stef Smits,Cristina Rumbaitis Del Rio

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781853398292

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 104

View: 9236

Poor people in developing countries need water for many purposes: for drinking, bathing, irrigating vegetable gardens, and watering livestock. However, responsibility for water services is divided between different government agencies, the WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) and irrigation sub-sectors, with the result that people’s holistic needs are not met. Multiple use water services (MUS) is a participatory water services approach that takes account of poor people’s multiple water needs as a starting point of planning, and the approach has been implemented in at least 22 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Scaling up Multiple Use Water Services argues that by designing cost-effective multi-purpose infrastructure MUS can have a positive impact on people’s health and livelihoods. It analyses and explains the success factors of MUS, using a framework of accountability for public service delivery, and it also examines why there has been resistance against scaling up MUS. A stronger service delivery approach can overcome this resistance, by rewarding more livelihood outcomes, by fostering discretionary decision-making power of local-level staff and by allowing horizontal coordination.This book should be read by government and aid agency policy makers in the WASH and agriculture sectors, by development field workers, and by academics, researchers and students of international development.

Multiple-use water services to advance the millennium development goals

Author: van Koppen, Barbara, Moriarty, P., Boelee, Eline

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9290906278

Category: Drinking water

Page: 44

View: 8406

This research report presents the findings of the first phase of the action-research project "Models for implementing multiple-use water supply systems for enhanced land and water productivity, rural livelihoods and gender equity." Multipleuse water services, or "mus" in short, is a participatory, integrated and poverty-reduction focused approach in poor rural and peri-urban areas, which takes people's multiple water needs as a starting point for providing integrated services, moving beyond the conventional sectoral barriers of the domestic and productive sectors.

The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy

Author: Ken Conca,Erika Weinthal

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199335087

Category: Political Science

Page: 712

View: 9269

This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online. For more information, please read the site FAQs.

Watershed moments

a photographic anthology celebrating 30 years of research for a water-secure world (1985–2015 and beyond)

Author: International Water Management Institute (IWMI).

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9290908394

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6208

Climbing the Water Ladder

Multiple-use Water Services for Poverty Reduction

Author: N.A

Publisher: IWMI

ISBN: 9066870699

Category: Drinking water

Page: 215

View: 591

In low- and middle-income countries, people need water for drinking, personal hygiene and other domestic use. But they also use it for livestock, horticulture, irrigation, fisheries, brickmaking, and other small-scale enterprises. Multiple-use water services (MUS) are best suited to meeting people's needs. However, most water services are designed only for domestic water or only for agriculture, and fail to reflect its real-life use.

Water and Development

Good Governance after Neoliberalism

Author: Ronaldo Munck,Narathius Asingwire,Honor Fagan,Consolata Kabonesa

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1783604956

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 5117

Water has always been a crucial catalyst for human development. In Africa, competition among different sectors for this scarce resource remains a critical challenge to water managers and decision-makers. Water and Development examines a range of issues, from governance to solar distillation, from gender to water pumps, using a range of research methods, from participant observation to GIS and SPSS data analysis. Throughout, however, there is the unifying thread of developing a participatory and sustainable approach to water which recognises it as an essential public necessity. The result is essential reading both for students of development and the environment and for NGOs and policy-makers seeking a robust and transformational approach to water and development.

Rural Water Systems for Multiple Uses and Livelihood Security

Author: M. Dinesh Kumar,Yusuf Kabir,A. J. James

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128041382

Category: Science

Page: 322

View: 7775

Rural Water Systems for Multiple Uses and Livelihood Security covers the technological, institutional, and policy choices for building rural water supply systems that are sustainable from physical, economic, and ecological points-of-view in developing countries. While there is abundant theoretical discourse on designing village water supply schemes as multiple use systems, there is too little understanding of the type of water needs in rural households, how they vary across socio-economic and climatic settings, the extent to which these needs are met by the existing single use water supply schemes, and what mechanisms exist to take care of unmet demands. The case studies presented in the book from different agro ecological regions quantify these benefits under different agro ecological settings, also examining the economic and environmental trade-offs in maximizing benefits. This book demonstrates how various physical and socio-economic processes alter the hydrology of tanks in rural settings, thereby affecting their performance, also including quantitative criteria that can be used to select tanks suitable for rehabilitation. Covers interdisciplinary topics deftly interwoven in the rural context of varying geo-climatic and socioeconomic situations of people in developing areas Presents methodologies for quantifying the multiple water use benefits from wetlands and case studies from different agro ecologies using these methodologies to help frame appropriate policies Provides analysis of the climatic and socioeconomic factors responsible for changes in hydrology of multiple use wetlands in order to help target multiple use water bodies for rehabilitation Includes implementable models for converting single use water supply systems into multiple use systems

Scaling Up Excellence

Getting to More Without Settling for Less

Author: Robert I. Sutton,Huggy Rao

Publisher: Crown Business

ISBN: 0385347030

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 7862

Wall Street Journal Bestseller "The pick of 2014's management books." –Andrew Hill, Financial Times "One of the top business books of the year." –Harvey Schacter, The Globe and Mail Bestselling author, Robert Sutton and Stanford colleague, Huggy Rao tackle a challenge that determines every organization’s success: how to scale up farther, faster, and more effectively as an organization grows. Sutton and Rao have devoted much of the last decade to uncovering what it takes to build and uncover pockets of exemplary performance, to help spread them, and to keep recharging organizations with ever better work practices. Drawing on inside accounts and case studies and academic research from a wealth of industries-- including start-ups, pharmaceuticals, airlines, retail, financial services, high-tech, education, non-profits, government, and healthcare-- Sutton and Rao identify the key scaling challenges that confront every organization. They tackle the difficult trade-offs that organizations must make between whether to encourage individualized approaches tailored to local needs or to replicate the same practices and customs as an organization or program expands. They reveal how the best leaders and teams develop, spread, and instill the right mindsets in their people-- rather than ruining or watering down the very things that have fueled successful growth in the past. They unpack the principles that help to cascade excellence throughout an organization, as well as show how to eliminate destructive beliefs and behaviors that will hold them back. Scaling Up Excellence is the first major business book devoted to this universal and vexing challenge and it is destined to become the standard bearer in the field.

Achieving Water Security

Lessons from Research in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene in Ethiopia

Author: R. C. Calow,Eva Ludi,Josephine Tucker

Publisher: Practical Action Pub

ISBN: 9781853397639

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 5836

While achieving water security remains an elusive goal across large swathes of sub-Saharan Africa, the benefits of investing in water, sanitation and hygiene to achieve basic water security and alleviate poverty are clear. Households benefit through a range of health, educational, nutritional and broader livelihood impacts; local, regional and national economies benefit from greater economic activity, spending and investment; and over the longer-term, households and economies benefit through greater resilience to climate change and shocks. So why are governments and their development partners struggling to meet water and sanitation targets? What factors make it difficult to sustain services at scale? And how can policies and plans for delivering and sustaining services for poor people be strengthened in the face of multiple pressures, including climate change? This book, the outcome of a five-year research program in Ethiopia, addresses these questions head-on. Based on extensive field research and in-depth interviews, Achieving Water Security draws conclusions for policy and practice of relevance not just for Ethiopia, but for sub-Saharan Africa more widely, linking findings with current international debates on service delivery in rural areas. The book also discusses how research findings can be fast-tracked into policy and practice through an innovative action research approach based on learning and practice alliances, aimed at bridging the gap between researchers and decision-makers. As well as detailed field-based research, the book draws on wider analysis of the institutional and political factors that drive or constrain sector progress, offering real insight into the political economy of reform and the hidden incentives that shape decision-making. Findings from the action research project are presented and discussed in the context of this broader landscape. This book should be read by the staff of government agencies, donor organizations and NGOs, as well as academics, students and researchers involved in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector.

Drinking Water and Health,

Author: Board on Toxicology and Environmental Health Hazards,Safe Drinking Water Committee,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council,Commission on Life Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309031982

Category: Science

Page: 299

View: 6712

Chemistry and Water

The Science Behind Sustaining the World's Most Crucial Resource

Author: Satinder Ahuja

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128096055

Category: Science

Page: 668

View: 5257

After air, water is the most crucial resource for human survival. To achieve water sustainability, we will have to deal with its scarcity and quality, and find ways to reclaim it from various sources. Chemistry and Water: The Science Behind Sustaining the World's Most Crucial Resource applies contemporary and sophisticated separation science and chromatographic methods to address the pressing worldwide concerns of potable water for drinking and safe water for irrigation to raise food for communities around the world. Edited and authored by world-leading analytical chemists, the book presents the latest research and solutions on topics including water quality and pollution, water treatment technologies and practices, watershed management, water quality and food production, challenges to achieving sustainable water supplies, water reclamation techniques, and wastewater reuse. Explores the role water plays to assure our survival and maintain life Provides valuable information from world leaders in chemistry and water research Addresses water challenges and solutions globally to ensure sustainability

Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 764

View: 8780

The 'Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook' provides an up-to-date understanding of gender issues and a rich compilation of compelling evidence of good practices and lessons learned to guide practitioners in integrating gender dimensions into agricultural projects and programs. It is serves as a tool for: guidance; showcasing key principles in integrating gender into projects; stimulating the imagination of practitioners to apply lessons learned, experiences, and innovations to the design of future support and investment in the agriculture sector. The Sourcebook draws on a wide range of experience from World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and other donor agencies, governments, institutions, and groups active in agricultural development. The Sourcebook looks at: access to and control of assets; access to markets, information and organization; and capacity to manage risk and vulnerability through a gender lens. There are 16 modules covering themes of cross-cutting importance for agriculture with strong gender dimensions (Policy, Public Administration and Governance; Agricultural Innovation and Education; Food Security; Markets; Rural Finance; Rural Infrastructure; Water; Land; Labor; Natural Resource Management; and Disaster and Post-Conflict Management) and specific subsectors in agriculture (Crops, Livestock, Forestry, and Fisheries). A separate module on Monitoring and Evaluation is included, responding to the need to track implementation and development impact. Each module contains three different sub-units: (1) A Module Overview gives a broad introduction to the topic and provides a summary of major development issues in the sector and rationale of looking at gender dimension; (2) Thematic Notes provide a brief and technically sound guide in gender integration in selected themes with lessons learned, guidelines, checklists, organizing principles, key questions, and key performance indicators; and (3) Innovative Activity Profiles describe the design and innovative features of recent and exciting projects and activities that have been implemented or are ongoing.

Groundwater Arsenic Remediation

Treatment Technology and Scale UP

Author: Parimal Pal

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 012801377X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 326

View: 4279

Arsenic abatement from groundwater in locations with a central water distribution system is relatively simple. The real challenge is selecting the most effective and affordable treatment and scale up option for locations which lack the appropriate infrastructure. Groundwater Arsenic Remediation: Treatment Technology and Scale UP provides the latest breakthrough groundwater treatment technologies and modeling and simulation methods for project scale up and eventually field deployment in locations which lack the proper central water distribution system to ensure arsenic free groundwater. Covers the different removal methods, such as chemical, adsorption, separation by membranes, and membrane distillation Includes the state-of-the-art modeling & simulation methods for optimization and field deployment Provides economic and comparative analysis of each arsenic treatment technology

Negotiating Water Governance

Why the Politics of Scale Matter

Author: Emma S. Norman,Christina Cook

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317089162

Category: Nature

Page: 340

View: 6022

Those who control water, hold power. Complicating matters, water is a flow resource; constantly changing states between liquid, solid, and gas, being incorporated into living and non-living things and crossing boundaries of all kinds. As a result, water governance has much to do with the question of boundaries and scale: who is in and who is out of decision-making structures? Which of the many boundaries that water crosses should be used for decision-making related to its governance? Recently, efforts to understand the relationship between water and political boundaries have come to the fore of water governance debates: how and why does water governance fragment across sectors and governmental departments? How can we govern shared waters more effectively? How do politics and power play out in water governance? This book brings together and connects the work of scholars to engage with such questions. The introduction of scalar debates into water governance discussions is a significant advancement of both governance studies and scalar theory: decision-making with respect to water is often, implicitly, a decision about scale and its related politics. When water managers or scholars explore municipal water service delivery systems, argue that integrated approaches to salmon stewardship are critical to their survival, query the damming of a river to provide power to another region and investigate access to potable water - they are deliberating the politics of scale. Accessible, engaging, and informative, the volume offers an overview and advancement of both scalar and governance studies while examining practical solutions to the challenges of water governance.

Africa's Water and Sanitation Infrastructure

Access, Affordability, and Alternatives

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821386182

Category: Nature

Page: 401

View: 759

Africa's Water and Sanitation InfrastructureùAccess, Affordability, and Alternatives integrates a wealth of primary and secondary information to present a quantitative snapshot of the state of the WSS sectors in Africa. It explains the sectoral institutional structures and utility performance and articulates the volume and quality of financing available over time. The authors also evaluate the challenges to the WSS sectors and explore the factors that govern the expansion of coverage over time. Finally, the authors estimate spending needs for WSS, arriving at a funding gap for meeting the MDGs. The proposed directions for the future draw on lessons learned from best practices and present the menu of choices available to African countries, bearing in mind that the challenges differ to a significant extent among countries and solutions must be tailored to national or regional conditions. --Book Jacket.

Social Startup Success

How the Best Nonprofits Launch, Scale Up, and Make a Difference

Author: Kathleen Kelly Janus

Publisher: Da Capo Lifelong Books

ISBN: 0738219916

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 3294

Kathleen Kelly Janus, a lecturer at the Stanford University Program on Social Entrepreneurship and the founder of the successful social enterprise Spark, set out to investigate what makes a startup succeed or fail. She surveyed more than 200 high-performing social entrepreneurs and interviewed dozens of founders. Social Startup Success shares her findings for the legions of entrepreneurs working for social good, revealing how the best organizations get over the revenue hump. How do social ventures scale to over $2 million, Janus's clear benchmark for a social enterprise's sustainability? Janus, tapping into strong connections to the Silicon Valley world where many of these ventures are started or and/or funded, reveals insights from key figures such as DonorsChoose founder Charles Best, charity:water's Scott Harrison, Reshma Saujani of Girls Who Code and many others. Social Startup Success will be social entrepreneurship's essential playbook; the first definitive guide to solving the problem of scale.

Water Reclamation and Sustainability

Author: Satinder Ahuja

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124165761

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 5606

Many hydrological, geochemical, and biological processes associated with water reclamation and reuse are poorly understood. In particular, the occurrence and effects of trace organic and inorganic contaminants commonly found in reclaimed water necessitates careful analysis and treatment prior to safe reuse. Water Reclamation and Sustainability is a practical guide to the latest water reclamation, recycling, and reuse theory and practice. From water quality criteria and regulations to advanced techniques and implementation issues, this book offers scientists a toolkit for developing safe and successful reuse strategies. With a focus on specific contaminant removal techniques, this book comprehensively covers the full range of potential inorganic/organic contaminating compounds and highlights proven remediation methods. Socioeconomic implications related to current and future water shortages are also addressed, underscoring the many positive benefits of sustainable water resource management. Offers pragmatic solutions to global water shortages Provides an overview of the latest analytical techniques for water monitoring Reviews current remediation efforts Covers innovative technologies for green, gray, brown and black water reclamation and reuse

Tapping the Markets

Opportunities for Domestic Investments in Water and Sanitation for the Poor

Author: The World Bank Group

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464801355

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 144

View: 6309

This report analyzes domestic provision of safe water and improved sanitation to the poor in Bangladesh, Benin, Cambodia, Indonesia, Peru, and Tanzania, highlighting demand and supply factors and the commercial and policy constraints that face local enterprises supplying it.

Scale

Seven Proven Principles to Grow Your Business and Get Your Life Back

Author: Jeff Hoffman,David Finkel

Publisher: Portfolio

ISBN: 1591847249

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 1942

Builds on approaches to business growth that do not overly rely on owners, sharing advice on how to expand one's existing business while gaining more personal freedom by implementing three core elements of a stable base and pursuing strategic growth venues.

Water Governance and Collective Action

Multi-scale Challenges

Author: Diana Suhardiman,Alan Nicol,Everisto Mapedza

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351705245

Category: Political Science

Page: 190

View: 2022

Collective Action is now recognized as central to addressing the water governance challenge of delivering sustainable development and global environmental benefits. This book examines concepts and practices of collective action that have emerged in recent decades globally. Building on a Foucauldian conception of power, it provides an overview of collective action challenges involved in the sustainable management and development of global freshwater resources through case studies from Africa, South and Southeast Asia and Latin America. The case studies link community-based management of water resources with national decision-making landscapes, transboundary water governance, and global policy discussion on sustainable development, justice and water security. Power and politics are placed at the centre of collective action and water governance discourse, while addressing three core questions: how is collective action shaped by existing power structures and relationships at different scales? What are the kinds of tools and approaches that various actors can take and adopt towards more deliberative processes for collective action? And what are the anticipated outcomes for development processes, the environment and the global resource base of achieving collective action across scales?