Science in Society

An Introduction to Social Studies of Science

Author: Massimiano Bucchi

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415322006

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 8257

The world around us is continually being shaped by science, and by society's relationship to it. In recent years sociologists have been increasingly preoccupied with the latter, and now in this fascinating book, Massimiano Bucchi provides a brief introduction to this topical issue. Bucchi provides clear and unassuming summaries of all the major theoretical positions within the sociology of science, illustrated with many fascinating examples. Theories covered include Thomas Kuhn's theory of scientific change, the sociology of scientific knowledge, actor-network theory, and the social construction of technology. The second half of the book looks at recent public controversies over the role of science in the modern world including: * the Sokal affair, otherwise known as the science wars * debates over public understanding of science, such as global warming and genetically modified food * the implications of the human genome project. This much needed introduction to a rapidly growing area brings theory alive and will be essential reading for all students of the sociology of science.

Explaining Society

An Introduction to Critical Realism in the Social Sciences

Author: Berth Danermark,Mats Ekstrom,Liselotte Jakobsen,Jan ch. Karlsson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134737483

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3371

This book will be immensely valuable for students and researchers in social science, sociology and philosophy in that it connects methodology, theory and empirical research. It provides an innovative picture of what society and social science is, along with the methods used to study and explain social phenomena.

Power and Society: An Introduction to the Social Sciences

Author: Brigid C. Harrison

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305576721

Category: Education

Page: 480

View: 3538

Employing the central integrative theme of power, POWER AND SOCIETY, 14th Edition, introduces you to each of the social sciences and demonstrates how they differ in their focus and methods. It also presents an interdisciplinary viewpoint to illustrate the nature and uses of power in society. This compelling book will stimulate your interest in the social sciences as it explores some of the central challenges facing American society, such as ideological conflict, racism and sexism, poverty and powerlessness, crime and violence, community problems, and international relations. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Social Science

An Introduction to the Study of Society

Author: Elgin F. Hunt,David C. Colander

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317225724

Category: Social Science

Page: 468

View: 3952

Social Science: An Introduction to the Study of Society 16e approaches social science from a common-sense perspective, rather than from a conventional social science angle. Readers will see how seemingly diverse disciplines intermingle – anthropology and economics, for example. The goal of the book is to teach?students critical thought and problem solving skills that will allow them?to approach social issues in an?unbiased manner. ? New to this edition are significant?updates on: ? Race and the police More comparison/contrasts of deviance and criminality Alternative pathways in criminal justice new technology such as self-driving cars Gay marriage American political dynasties Refugee and immigration issues in Europe & globally American political dynasties China’s growing power New trade initiatives "States" in the Middle East Nuclear arms control? Expanded web-based ancillaries for students and teachers

The Study of the Future

An Introduction to the Art and Science of Understanding and Shaping Tomorrow's World

Author: Edward Cornish

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412839259

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 307

View: 1209

This unique reference work - the companion volume to The Study of the Future- is designed to make the tools of future studies accessible to the general public as well as to professional futurists. Here for the first time in a single, convenient format are the organizations, individuals, books and periodicals, current research projects, educational programs, films, audio-tapes, and other resources that can help anyone concerned with exploring alternatives for the future.

The Philosophy of Social Science

An Introduction

Author: Martin Hollis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521447805

Category: Philosophy

Page: 268

View: 5475

An introduction to the philosophy of social science from a well-known author.

Culture and Society

An Introduction to Cultural Studies

Author: David Oswell

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847877532

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1260

"Too often cultural studies discourse seems cut off from wider developments in social theory. As a sociologist with a strong cultural studies sensibility, David Oswell is ideally placed to put this right. Through a series of well-judged and historically nuanced readings of cultural, social theory and critical philosophy, this book provides just the bridge between cultural studies and wider debates that we need" - Nick Couldry, London School of Economics and Political Science David Oswell has written a comprehensive introduction to cultural studies that guides the reader through the field's central foundations and its freshest ideas. This book: Grounds the reader in the foundations of cultural studies and cultural theory: language and semiology, ideology and power, mass and popular culture. Analyzes the central problems: identity, body, economy, globalization and empire. Introduces the latest developments on materiality, agency, technology and nature. Culture and Society is an invaluable guide for students navigating the dynamic debates and intellectual challenges of cultural studies. Its breadth and unparalleled coverage of theory will also ensure that it is read by anyone interested in questions of materiality and culture.

Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences

An Introduction

Author: David Byrne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134714734

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 1638

Chaos and complexity are the new buzz words in both science and contemporary society. The ideas they represent have enormous implications for the way we understand and engage with the world. Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences introduces students to the central ideas which surround the chaos/complexity theories. It discusses key concepts before using them as a way of investigating the nature of social research. By applying them to such familiar topics as urban studies, education and health, David Byrne allows readers new to the subject to appreciate the contribution which complexity theory can make to social research and to illuminating the crucial social issues of our day.

An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies

Author: Sergio Sismondo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144435888X

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 3868

An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies, Second Edition reflects the latest advances in the field while continuing to provide students with a road map to the complex interdisciplinary terrain of science and technology studies. Distinctive in its attention to both the underlying philosophical and sociological aspects of science and technology Explores core topics such as realism and social construction, discourse and rhetoric, objectivity, and the public understanding of science Includes numerous empirical studies and illustrative examples to elucidate the topics discussed Now includes new material on political economies of scientific and technological knowledge, and democratizing technical decisions Other features of the new edition include improved readability, updated references, chapter reorganization, and more material on medicine and technology

Philosophies of social science

the classic and contemporary readings

Author: Gerard Delanty,Piet Strydom

Publisher: Open University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 481

View: 2843

“This book will certainly prove to be a useful resource and reference point … a good addition to anyone’s bookshelf.” Network "This is a superb collection, expertly presented. The overall conception seems splendid, giving an excellent sense of the issues... The selection and length of the readings is admirably judged, with both the classic texts and the few unpublished pieces making just the right points." William Outhwaite, Professor of Sociology, University of Sussex "... an indispensable book for all of us in philosophy and the social sciences who teach and care about the shape of social knowledge in the future." Steven Seidman, Professor of Sociology, State University of New York Albany "For a comprehensive account of the ways in which world transformations affect claims to social scientific knowledge, one need look no further than Gerard Delanty and Piet Strydom's Philosophies of Social Science. ...this collection captures nicely the increasingly engaged political nature of the philosophy of social science. Debates about pragmatism, feminism and postmodernism are particularly well represented" The Australian What is social science? How does it differ from the other sciences? What is the meaning of method in social science? What is the nature and limits of scientific knowledge? This collection of over sixty extracts from classic works on the philosophy of social science provides an essential textbook and a landmark reference in the field. It highlights the work of some of the most influential authors who have shaped social science. The texts explore the question of truth, the meaning of scientific knowledge, the nature of methodology and the relation of science to society, including edited extracts from both classic and contemporary works by authors such as Emile Durkheim, Georg Simmel, Max Weber, Alfred Schutz, Max Horkheimer, Jurgen Habermas, Alvin Gouldner, Karl-Otto Apel, Michel Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu, Anthony Giddens, Dorothy Smith, Donna Haraway, Sigmund Freud, Jacques Derrida and Claude Levi-Strauss. The readings are representative of the major schools of thought, including European and American trends in particular as well as approaches that are often excluded from mainstream traditions. From a teaching and learning perspective the volume is strengthened by extensive introductions to each of the six sections, as well as a general introduction to the reader as a whole. These introductions contextualise the readings and offer succinct summaries of them. This volume is the definitive companion to the study of the philosophy of social science, taught within undergraduate or postgraduate courses in sociology and the social sciences.

Common Sense

The Foundations for Social Science

Author: F. L. van Holthoon,David R. Olson

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780819165046

Category: Social Science

Page: 375

View: 9762

NOTE: Series number is not an integer: n/a

Science, Technology and Society in Contemporary Japan

Author: Morris Low,Shigeru Nakayama,Hitoshi Yoshioka

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521654258

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 4018

This book explores the dynamic relationship between science, technology and Japanese society, examining how it has contributed to economic growth and national well-being. It presents a synthesis of recent debates by juxtaposing competing views about the role and direction of science, technology and medical care in Japan. Topics discussed include government policy, the private sector and community responses; computers and communication; the automobile industry, the aerospace industry and quality control; the environment; consumer electronics; medical care; and the role of gender. This is an ideal introductory text for students in the sociology of science and technology, the history and philosophy of science, and Japanese studies. Up-to-date research and case studies make this an invaluable resource for readers interested in the nature of science and technology in the twenty-first century.

An Introduction to Models in the Social Sciences

Author: Charles A. Lave,James G. March

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780819183811

Category: Social Science

Page: 421

View: 3937

What is a model? How do you construct one? What are some common models in the social sciences? How can models be applied in new situations? What makes a model good? Focusing on answers to these and related questions, this multidisciplinary introduction to model building in the social sciences formulates interesting problems that involve students in creative model building and the process of invention. The book describes models of individual choice, exchange, adaptation, and diffusion. Throughout, student participation in analytical thinking is encouraged. Originally published in 1975 by HarperCollins Publishers.

College and Society

An Introduction to the Sociological Imagination

Author: Stephen Sweet

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 2126

A brief book that uses examples from a college or university setting to illustrate society in terms of social groups and forces. College and Society is based on the premise that colleges are not “ivory towers” that stand in contrast to the larger society. Rather, the author argues that colleges tend to reflect many of the same social structures, culturally based expectations of social conduct, and patterns of interaction seen at work in the larger society. For anyone interested in learning basic concepts of Sociology.

Reliable Knowledge

An Exploration of the Grounds for Belief in Science

Author: John M. Ziman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521406703

Category: Science

Page: 197

View: 2556

Reliable Knowledge offers a valuably clear account and a radically challenging investigation of the credibility of scientific knowledge.

Animals and Society

An Introduction to Human-Animal Studies

Author: Margo DeMello

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526768

Category: Nature

Page: 488

View: 7802

Considering that much of human society is structured through its interaction with non-human animals, and since human society relies heavily on the exploitation of animals to serve human needs, human–animal studies has become a rapidly expanding field of research, featuring a number of distinct positions, perspectives, and theories that require nuanced explanation and contextualization. The first book to provide a full overview of human–animal studies, this volume focuses on the conceptual construction of animals in American culture and the way in which it reinforces and perpetuates hierarchical human relationships rooted in racism, sexism, and class privilege. Margo DeMello considers interactions between humans and animals within the family, the law, the religious and political system, and other major social institutions, and she unpacks the different identities humans fashion for themselves and for others through animals. Essays also cover speciesism and evolutionary continuities; the role and preservation of animals in the wild; the debate over zoos and the use of animals in sports; domestication; agricultural practices such as factory farming; vivisection; animal cruelty; animal activism; the representation of animals in literature and film; and animal ethics. Sidebars highlight contemporary controversies and issues, with recommendations for additional reading, educational films, and related websites. DeMello concludes with an analysis of major philosophical positions on human social policy and the future of human–animal relations.

Knowledge and the Social Sciences

Theory, Method, Practice

Author: David Goldblatt

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415329750

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 4254

Is knowledge what counts in today's society? How does knowledge shape social change? Do we trust experts less now than in the past? How do we decide which knowledge counts and which experts to trust? Knowledge and the Social Sciences: Theory, Method, Practice looks at the role of the social sciences in explaining and exploring what has been called the explosion of knowledge in the contemporary world. It takes as its starting point the claim that all forms of knowledge, including the social sciences, must be understood in their social context. It argues that the social sciences both describe and transform what they study and introduces students to some of the key concepts and arguments that are essential for further study in the social sciences. In a radical and practical introduction to ways of thinking and knowing in the social sciences, this text investigates the origins and consequences of different types of knowledge in areas of social change both in everyday thinking and in more academic fields, in medical science, religious belief systems and the environment and political responses to environmental change. These issues are explored in th context of the emergence of what has

Social Science, An Introduction to the Study of Society

Sociology, Sociology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1490273530

Category: Education

Page: 246

View: 7751

Facts101 is your complete guide to Social Science, An Introduction to the Study of Society. In this book, you will learn topics such as Origins of Western Society, Society, Culture, and Cultural Change, Geography, Demography, Ecology, and Society, and Technology and Society/Psychology, Society, and Culture plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Population and Society

An Introduction to Demography

Author: Dudley L. Poston, Jr.,Leon F. Bouvier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139489380

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 5583

Population and Society: An Introduction to Demography is an ideal text for undergraduate, as well as graduate, students taking their first course in demography. It is sociologically oriented, although economics, political science, geography, history, and the other social sciences are also used to inform the materials. Although the emphasis is on demography, the book recognizes that, at the individual level, population change is related to private decisions, especially in relation to fertility, but also to mortality and migration. The text thus considers in some detail the role of individuals in population decision making. At the level of countries, and even the world, changes in population size have an important effect on the environmental and related challenges facing all of the world's inhabitants. Therefore, attention is paid to the broad implications of population growth and change.

Philosophical Foundations of the Social Sciences

Analyzing Controversies in Social Research

Author: Harold Kincaid

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521482684

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 283

View: 7254

This 1996 book argues that behind the diverse methods of the natural sciences lies a common core of scientific rationality.