The Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo and the Disappeared Children of Argentina
Author: Rita Arditti
Publisher: Univ of California Press
FROM THE BOOK:"I want to touch you and kiss you.""You are my mother's sister and only one year older; you must have something of my mother in you."—A found child after being returned to her family Searching for Life traces the courageous plight of the Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo, a group of women who challenged the ruthless dictatorship that ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1983. Acting as both detectives and human rights advocates in an effort to find and recover their grandchildren, the Grandmothers identified fifty-seven of an estimated 500 children who had been kidnapped or born in detention centers. The Grandmothers' work also led to the creation of the National Genetic Data Bank, the only bank of its kind in the world, and to Article 8 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, the "right to identity," that is now incorporated in the new adoption legislation in Argentina. Rita Arditti has conducted extensive interviews with twenty Grandmothers and twenty-five others connected with their work; her book is a testament to the courage, persistence, and strength of these "traditional" older women. The importance of the Grandmothers' work has effectively transcended the Argentine situation. Their tenacious pursuit of justice defies the culture of impunity and the historical amnesia that pervades Argentina and much of the rest of the world today. In addition to reconciling the "living disappeared" with their families of origin, these Grandmothers restored a chapter of history that, too, had been abducted and concealed from its rightful heirs.
Author: David Moshman
In the late 1970s some 30,000 Argentines, mostly young men and women thought to have leftist sympathies, were kidnapped and tortured to death by the military government, which denied what was happening. In response, the mothers of the disappeared came together and marched in Buenos Aires at the Plaza de Mayo, demanding week after week that their children be returned or accounted for. Democracy was finally restored, with promises of truth and justice. As memory gave way to historical amnesia, however, and judicial processes to "reconciliation," the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo continued to march. "Do not forget," they insisted, "do not forgive." Sixty years later, a nonlocalizable electronic agent that calls itself the Daughters of the Plaza de Mayo emerges on the global Network. No one knows what the Daughters are or what they want. They tell horrifying stories from Argentina and elsewhere. They provide seemingly endless lists of victims' names. They invoke El Eternauta, a comic book character from a space beyond time, to press a moral perspective that demands the impossible. They are singular and plural, informative and obscure, irritating, threatening, unclassifiable, and relentless in the pursuit of their agenda, whatever that may be.
Author: Kim Huynh,Bina D'Costa,Katrina Lee-Koo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Political Science
Examines how children, armed conflict and the international community interact in the twenty-first century.
Author: D. Cooper,C. Phelan
Traditional histories of war have typically explored masculine narratives of military and political action, leaving private, domestic life relatively unstudied. This volume expands our understanding by looking at the relationships between mothers and children, and the varied roles both have assumed during periods of armed conflict.
Forensic Science after Atrocity
Author: Adam Rosenblatt
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Category: Political Science
The mass graves from our long human history of genocide, massacres, and violent conflict form an underground map of atrocity that stretches across the planet's surface. In the past few decades, due to rapidly developing technologies and a powerful global human rights movement, the scientific study of those graves has become a standard facet of post-conflict international assistance. Digging for the Disappeared provides readers with a window into this growing but little-understood form of human rights work, including the dangers and sometimes unexpected complications that arise as evidence is gathered and the dead are named. Adam Rosenblatt examines the ethical, political, and historical foundations of the rapidly growing field of forensic investigation, from the graves of the "disappeared" in Latin America to genocides in Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia to post–Saddam Hussein Iraq. In the process, he illustrates how forensic teams strive to balance the needs of war crimes tribunals, transitional governments, and the families of the missing in post-conflict nations. Digging for the Disappeared draws on interviews with key players in the field to present a new way to analyze and value the work forensic experts do at mass graves, shifting the discussion from an exclusive focus on the rights of the living to a rigorous analysis of the care of the dead. Rosenblatt tackles these heady, hard topics in order to extend human rights scholarship into the realm of the dead and the limited but powerful forms of repair available for victims of atrocity.
Human Rights and U.S. Cold War Policy toward Argentina
Author: William Michael Schmidli
Publisher: Cornell University Press
During the first quarter-century of the Cold War, upholding human rights was rarely a priority in U.S. policy toward Latin America. Seeking to protect U.S. national security, American policymakers quietly cultivated relations with politically ambitious Latin American militaries—a strategy clearly evident in the Ford administration’s tacit support of state-sanctioned terror in Argentina following the 1976 military coup d’état. By the mid-1970s, however, the blossoming human rights movement in the United States posed a serious threat to the maintenance of close U.S. ties to anticommunist, right-wing military regimes. The competition between cold warriors and human rights advocates culminated in a fierce struggle to define U.S. policy during the Jimmy Carter presidency. In The Fate of Freedom Elsewhere, William Michael Schmidli argues that Argentina emerged as the defining test case of Carter’s promise to bring human rights to the center of his administration’s foreign policy. Entering the Oval Office at the height of the kidnapping, torture, and murder of tens of thousands of Argentines by the military government, Carter set out to dramatically shift U.S. policy from subtle support to public condemnation of human rights violation. But could the administration elicit human rights improvements in the face of a zealous military dictatorship, rising Cold War tension, and domestic political opposition? By grappling with the disparate actors engaged in the struggle over human rights, including civil rights activists, second-wave feminists, chicano/a activists, religious progressives, members of the New Right, conservative cold warriors, and business leaders, Schmidli utilizes unique interviews with U.S. and Argentine actors as well as newly declassified archives to offer a telling analysis of the rise, efficacy, and limits of human rights in shaping U.S. foreign policy in the Cold War.
Transnational Justice in the Age of Human Rights
Author: Naomi Roht-Arriaza
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
What Pinochet's arrest has taught us about transnational justice and international jurisdiction.
Adoption Secrecy and Its Consequences
Author: Janine M. Baer
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Generations of adults who were adopted as children have been kept in the dark about their original identities. The law sealing birth records, passed in 1935 in California during the Great Depression, swept adoptions emotional complexities under the rug and made it possible to keep adoption itself a secret. Reflecting extensive archival research and written for general audiences as well as professionals, Growing in the Dark: Adoption Secrecy and Its Consequences takes you through Californias early adoption laws, the sealing of records in the era of baby seller Georgia Tann, and the various consequences of this policy as they unfolded throughout the 20th century. WHAT REVIEWERS HAVE SAID: "...articulate, easy to read, and filled with real facts concerning sealed records." - Jean Brown, adoptee "If you work or live with adoption, you cannot afford to skip this book. Everyone seeking to reverse outdated sealed records laws should also provide a copy of the slim paperback to their legislatures." - Mirah Riben, author "...full of fascinating information...you wont be able to put it down." - Anita Field, Bastard Nation "Janine Baer, who was adopted in California, focuses on the California law enacted in 1935 sealing original birth certificates. Contrary to the popular perception, the intent of this law was not to protect the privacy of birthmothers. Rather, these records were sealed to protect children from the stigma of illegitimacy, to protect adoptive parents from intrusions by birthparents, to allow adoptive parents to keep the childs adoptive status a secret, to create the illusion that the birthparents did not exist, and to prevent adoptees from finding their birthfamilies. ...This is an excellent book for birthparents, adoptees, and adoptive parents who want to know how we got to where we are." - Jane Edwards, Portland, Oregon "Growing in the Dark, by virtue of its modest length and accessibility, can be used to educate people both within and outside of the adoption reform movement about the effects of sealed records and the faulty premises used to support them." - Barbara Busharis, American Adoption Congress "Decree" "Extensive notes and bibliographic information make it an excellent resource for those arguing for open records." - Sandra Falconer Pace, Canadian Council of Natural Mothers Note on price: Nonprofit organizations and resellers get 40% off. Call Xlibris for these orders: 1-888-795-4274.
Time and Justice
Author: Berber Bevernage
Modern historiography embraces the notion that time is irreversible, implying that the past should be imagined as something ‘absent’ or ‘distant.’ Victims of historical injustice, however, in contrast, often claim that the past got ‘stuck’ in the present and that it retains a haunting presence. History, Memory, and State-Sponsored Violence is centered around the provocative thesis that the way one deals with historical injustice and the ethics of history is strongly dependent on the way one conceives of historical time; that the concept of time traditionally used by historians is structurally more compatible with the perpetrators’ than the victims’ point of view. Demonstrating that the claim of victims about the continuing presence of the past should be taken seriously, instead of being treated as merely metaphorical, Berber Bevernage argues that a genuine understanding of the ‘irrevocable’ past demands a radical break with modern historical discourse and the concept of time. By embedding a profound philosophical reflection on the themes of historical time and historical discourse in a concrete series of case studies, this project transcends the traditional divide between ‘empirical’ historiography on the one hand and the so called ‘theoretical’ approaches to history on the other. It also breaks with the conventional ‘analytical’ philosophy of history that has been dominant during the last decades, raising a series of long-neglected ‘big questions’ about the historical condition – questions about historical time, the unity of history, and the ontological status of present and past –programmatically pleading for a new historical ethics.
Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Uruguay
Author: S. Gibbon,R. Santos,Mónica Sans
Category: Social Science
The edited collection brings together social and biological anthropology scholars, biologists, and geneticists to examine the interface between Genetic Admixture, Identity and Health, directly contributing to an emerging field of 'bio-cultural anthropology.
Documentation Sur la Recherche Féministe
Author: Donald A. Ritchie
Publisher: Oxford University Press
In the past sixty years, oral history has moved from the periphery to the mainstream of academic studies and is now employed as a research tool by historians, anthropologists, sociologists, medical therapists, documentary film makers, and educators at all levels. The Oxford Handbook of Oral History brings together forty authors on five continents to address the evolution of oral history, the impact of digital technology, the most recent methodological and archival issues, and the application of oral history to both scholarly research and public presentations. The volume is addressed to seasoned practitioners as well as to newcomers, offering diverse perspectives on the current state of the field and its likely future developments. Some of its chapters survey large areas of oral history research and examine how they developed; others offer case studies that deal with specific projects, issues, and applications of oral history. From the Holocaust, the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commissions, the Falklands War in Argentina, the Velvet Revolution in Eastern Europe, to memories of September 11, 2001 and of Hurricane Katrina, the creative and essential efforts of oral historians worldwide are examined and explained in this multipurpose handbook.
A Historical Encyclopedia from Antiquity to the Present
Author: Bernard A. Cook
Category: Women and war
In this unique encyclopedia, 120 leading scholars from around the world provide comprehensive treatment of the role of women in war, from the first written history to the present.
Politik, Wirtschaft, Kultur
Author: Klaus Bodemer,Andrea Pagni,Peter Waldmann
the inspiring rise and dismaying evolution of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo
Author: Patricia Owen Steiner
Publisher: Xlibris Corp
Positive Changes in the Aftermath of Crisis
Author: Richard G. Tedeschi,Crystal L. Park,Lawrence G. Calhoun
That which does not kill us makes us stronger. (Nietzsche) The phenomenon of positive personal change following devastating events has been recognized since ancient times, but given little attention by contemporary psychologists and psychiatrists, who have tended to focus on the negative consequences of stress. In recent years, evidence from diverse fields has converged to suggest the reality and pervasive importance of the processes the editors sum up as posttraumatic growth. This volume offers the first comprehensive overview of these processes. The authors address a variety of traumas--among them bereavement, physical disability, terminal illness, combat, rape, and natural disasters--following which experiences of growth have been reported. How can sufferers from posttraumatic stress disorder best be helped? What does "resilience" in the face of high risk mean? Which personality characteristics facilitate growth? To what extent is personality change possible in adulthood? How can concepts like happiness and self-actualization be operationalized? What role do changing belief systems, schemas, or "assumptive worlds" play in positive adaptation? Is "stress innoculation" possible? How do spiritual beliefs become central for many people struck by trauma, and how are posttraumatic growth and recovery from substance abuse or the crises of serious physical illnesses linked? Such questions have concerned not only the recently defined and expanding group of "traumatologists," but also therapists of all sorts, personality and social psychologists, developmental and cognitive researchers, specialists in health psychology and behavioral medicine, and those who study religion and mental health. Overcoming the challenges of life's worst experiences can catalyze new opportunities for individual and social development. Learning about persons who discover or create the perception of positive change in their lives may shed light on the problems of those who continue to suffer. Posttraumatic Growth will stimulate dialogue among personality and social psychologists and clinicians, and influence the theoretical foundations and clinical agendas of investigators and practitioners alike.
negotiating the Nazi past in Nuremberg and beyond
Author: Sharon Macdonald
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
How does a city or a nation deal with a legacy of perpetrating atrocity? How are contemporary identities negotiated and shaped in the face of concrete reminders of a past that most wish they did not have?
Author: F. Becker,P. Hernández,B. Werth
There is extraordinary diversity, depth, and complexity in the encounter between theatre, performance, and human rights. Through an examination of a rich repertoire of plays and performance practices from and about countries across six continents, the contributors open the way toward understanding the character and significance of this encounter.
Menschenrechtsethos und deutschsprachiger Gegenwartsroman
Author: Paul Michael Lützeler
Category: German fiction
"In der Einleitung des Buches wie im Ausblick am Schluss wird dieser Konnex thematisiert, wobei Theorien von Menschenrecht und Menschenwürde sowie Bürgerkrieg und Gewalt diskutiert bzw. mit aktuellen ethisch-ästhetischen Positionen in einen Zusammenhang gebracht werden. Im Zentrum des Buches steht die Detailanalyse von zwölf Romanen, die von zeitgenössischen Bürgerkriegen in Asien, Afrika, Lateinamerika und Europa handeln. Die Romanautoren sind: Norbert Gstrein, Lukas Bärfuss, Hans Christoph Buch, Jeannette Lander, Dieter Kühn, Nicolas Born, Christian Kracht, Michael Roes, Gert Hofmann, Friedrich Christian Delius, Uwe Timm und Erich Hackl."--p. 4 of cover.