Securing The State

Author: David Omand

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190612940

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 2005

Governments recognise that national security in the turbulent conditions of the early twenty-first century must centre on the creation of public confidence that normal life can continue even in the face of threats such as terrorism and proliferation, and of natural hazards such as pandemics and climate change. Based on his own experience in government, David Omand argues that while public security is vital for good government, the effects of bad government will result from failure to maintain the right relationship between justice, liberty, privacy, civic harmony and security measures. His book examines in detail how secret intelligence helps governments to deliver security, but also risks raising public concern over its methods. A set of ethical principles is proposed to guide intelligence and security work within the framework of human rights. Securing the State provides a new way of thinking about the cycle of activities that generates secret intelligence, examines the issues that arise from the way that modern intelligence uses technology to access new sources of information, and discusses how the meaning of intelligence can best be elucidated. The limits of intelligence in enabling greater security are explored, especially in guiding government in a world in which we must learn not to be surprised by surprise. Illustrated throughout by historical examples, David Omand provides new perspectives for practitioners and those teaching security and intelligence studies and for a wider readership offers an accessible introduction to pressing issues of public policy.

Web Intelligence and Security

Advances in Data and Text Mining Techniques for Detecting and Preventing Terrorist Activities on the Web

Author: Mark Last

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1607506106

Category: Computers

Page: 265

View: 9794

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Web Intelligence and Security

Advances in Data and Text Mining Techniques for Detecting and Preventing Terrorist Activities on the Web

Author: Mark Last,Abraham Kandel,NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Web Intelligence and Security,IOS Press

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1607506114

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 2347

Terrorists are continuously learning to utilize the Internet as an accessible and cost-effective information infrastructure. Since a constant manual monitoring of terrorist-generated multilingual web content is not a feasible task, automated Web Intelligence and Web Mining methods are indispensable for efficiently securing the Web against its misuse by terrorists and other dangerous criminals. Web Intelligence and Security contains chapters by the key speakers of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Web Intelligence and Security that took place on November 18-20, 2009 in Ein-Bokek, Israel. This Workshop has brought together a multinational group of leading scientists and practitioners interested in exploiting data and text mining techniques for countering terrorist activities on the Web. Most talks were focused on presenting available methods and tools that can alleviate the information overload of intelligence and security experts. The key features of this book include: An up-to-date analysis of the current and future threats of the Internet misuse by terrorists and other malicious elements including cyberterrorism, terror financing and interactive online communication by terrorists and their supporters; Detailed presentation of the state-of-the-art algorithms and tools aimed at detecting and monitoring malicious online activities on the Web; Introduction of novel data mining and text mining methods that can be used to efficiently analyze the massive amounts of multi-lingual Web content; The book's wide audience includes research scientists, graduate students, intelligence analysts, and data / text mining practitioners.

Democratic Control of Intelligence Services

Containing Rogue Elephants

Author: Dr Hans Born,Ms Marina Caparini

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409498271

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 815

The events of September 11, 2001 sharply revived governmental and societal anxieties in many democratic countries concerning the threats posed by terrorism, organized crime, the proliferation and use of weapons of mass destruction, and other complex security threats. In many countries, public discourse of subjects traditionally considered part of social policy, such as immigration and asylum, have been securitized, while intelligence services have been granted greater resources and expanded powers. This comprehensive volume discusses the various challenges of establishing and maintaining accountable and democratically controlled intelligence services, drawing both from states with well-established democratic systems and those emerging from authoritarian systems and in transition towards democracy. It adopts a multidisciplinary and comparative approach, identifying good practices to make security services accountable to society and its democratic representatives. The volume will engage both academics and practitioners in the discussion of how to anchor these vital yet inherently difficult to control institutions within a firmly democratic framework. As such, it has clear relevance for these concerned with the control and oversight of intelligence and security issues in many countries.

Understanding and Managing Risk in Security Systems for the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex

(Abbreviated Version)

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Committee on Risk-Based Approaches for Securing the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309208874

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 30

View: 7205

A nuclear weapon or a significant quantity of special nuclear material (SNM) would be of great value to a terrorist or other adversary. It might have particular value if acquired from a U.S. facility--in addition to acquiring a highly destructive tool, the adversary would demonstrate an inability of the United States to protect its nuclear assets. The United States expends considerable resources toward maintaining effective security at facilities that house its nuclear assets. However, particularly in a budget-constrained environment, it is essential that these assets are also secured efficiently, meaning at reasonable cost and imposing minimal burdens on the primary missions of the organizations that operate U.S. nuclear facilities. It is in this context that the U.S. Congress directed the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)--a semi-autonomous agency in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) responsible for securing nuclear weapons and significant quantities of SNM--asked the National Academies for advice on augmenting its security approach, particularly on the applicability of quantitative and other risk-based approaches for securing its facilities. In carrying out its charge, the committee has focused on what actions NNSA could take to make its security approach more effective and efficient. The committee concluded that the solution to balancing cost, security, and operations at facilities in the nuclear weapons complex is not to assess security risks more quantitatively or more precisely. This is primarily because there is no comprehensive analytical basis for defining the attack strategies that a malicious, creative, and deliberate adversary might employ or the probabilities associated with them. However, using structured thinking processes and techniques to characterize security risk could improve NNSA's understanding of security vulnerabilities and guide more effective resource allocation.

The Professionalization of Intelligence Cooperation

Fashioning Method out of Mayhem

Author: A. Svendsen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137269367

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 6596

An insightful exploration of intelligence cooperation (officially known as liaison), including its international dimensions. This book offers a distinct understanding of this process, valuable to those involved in critical information flows, such as intelligence, risk, crisis and emergency managers.

Intelligence and Government in Britain and the United States: A Comparative Perspective [2 volumes]

A Comparative Perspective

Author: Philip H.J. Davies

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440802815

Category: Political Science

Page: 826

View: 9232

Bringing a dose of reality to the stuff of literary thrillers, this masterful study is the first closely detailed, comparative analysis of the evolution of the modern British and American intelligence communities. • U.S. and U.K. case studies that draw on archival and published sources and on interviews with practitioners • Parallel timelines for principal national intelligence coordinating bodies in the United States and United Kingdom • Organization charts for the United States Intelligence Board and the U.K. Joint Intelligence Organisation, both from the early 1960s • An extensive glossary of terms and abbreviations used in the British and American intelligence communities • An extensive bibliography

Computational Intelligence and Security

International Conference, CIS 2005, Xi'an, China, December 15-19, 2005, Proceedings

Author: Yue Hao,Jiming Liu,Yuping Wang,Yiu-ming Cheung,Hujun Yin,Licheng Jiao,Jianfeng Ma,Yong-Chang Jiao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540308195

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1166

View: 6906

The two volume set LNAI 3801 and LNAI 3802 constitute the refereed proceedings of the annual International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security, CIS 2005, held in Xi'an, China, in December 2005. The 338 revised papers presented - 254 regular and 84 extended papers - were carefully reviewed and selected from over 1800 submissions. The first volume is organized in topical sections on learning and fuzzy systems, evolutionary computation, intelligent agents and systems, intelligent information retrieval, support vector machines, swarm intelligence, data mining, pattern recognition, and applications. The second volume is subdivided in topical sections on cryptography and coding, cryptographic protocols, intrusion detection, security models and architecture, security management, watermarking and information hiding, web and network applications, image and signal processing, and applications.

Computational Intelligence and Security

International Conference, CIS 2006, Guangzhou, China, November 3-6, 2006, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Yunping Wang,Yiu-ming Cheung

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540743767

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1118

View: 7999

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the annual International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security, CIS 2006, held in Guangzhou, China in November 2006. The 116 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 2078 initial submissions during two rounds of revision and improvement. The papers are organized in topical sections on bio-inspired computing, evolutionary computation, learning systems and multi-agents, cryptography, information processing and intrusion detection, systems and security, image and signal processin.

The International Politics of Intelligence Sharing

Author: James Igoe Walsh

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231154100

Category: Political Science

Page: 181

View: 2684

The cross-border sharing of intelligence is fundamental to the establishment and preservation of security and stability. The American invasion of Iraq in 2003 was based in part on flawed intelligence, and current efforts to defeat al Qaeda would not be possible without an exchange of information among Britain, Pakistan, Indonesia, and the United States. While critical to national security and political campaigns, intelligence sharing can also be a minefield of manipulation and maneuvering, especially when secrecy makes independent verification of sources impossible. In The International Politics of Intelligence Sharing, James Igoe Walsh advances novel strategies for securing more reliable intelligence. His approach puts states that seek information in control of other states' intelligence efforts. According to this hierarchical framework, states regularly draw agreements in which one power directly monitors and acts on another power's information-gathering activities-a more streamlined approach that prevents the dissemination of false "secrets." In developing this strategy, Walsh draws on recent theories of international cooperation and evaluates both historical and contemporary case studies of intelligence sharing. Readers with an interest in intelligence matters cannot ignore this urgent, timely, and evidence-based book.

Export Control Challenges Associated with Securing the Homeland

Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Development, Security, and Cooperation,Committee on Homeland Security and Export Controls

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309254477

Category: Political Science

Page: 78

View: 4193

The "homeland" security mission of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is paradoxical: Its mission space is uniquely focused on the domestic consequences of security threats, but these threats may be international in origin, organization, and implementation. The DHS is responsible for the domestic security implications of threats to the United States posed, in part, through the global networks of which the United States is a part. While the security of the U.S. air transportation network could be increased if it were isolated from connections to the larger international network, doing so would be a highly destructive step for the entire fabric of global commerce and the free movement of people. Instead, the U.S. government, led by DHS, is taking a leadership role in the process of protecting the global networks in which the United States participates. These numerous networks are both real (e.g., civil air transport, international ocean shipping, postal services, international air freight) and virtual (the Internet, international financial payments system), and they have become vital elements of the U.S. economy and civil society. Export Control Challenges Associated with Securing the Homeland found that outdated regulations are not uniquely responsible for the problems that export controls post to DHS, although they are certainly an integral part of the picture. This report also explains that the source of these problems lies within a policy process that has yet to take into account the unique mission of DHS relative to export controls. Export Control Challenges Associated with Securing the Homeland explains the need by the Department of Defense and State to recognize the international nature of DHS's vital statutory mission, the need to further develop internal processes at DHS to meet export control requirements and implement export control policies, as well as the need to reform the export control interagency process in ways that enable DHS to work through the U.S. export control process to cooperate with its foreign counterparts.

Essentials of Strategic Intelligence

Author: Loch K. Johnson

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440832285

Category: Political Science

Page: 498

View: 3087

A highly valuable resource for students of intelligence studies, strategy and security, and foreign policy, this volume provides readers with an accessible and comprehensive exploration of U.S. espionage activities that addresses both the practical and ethical implications that attend the art and science of spying. • Provides a comprehensive, up-to-date examination of all aspects of intelligence by experts in the field, from collection-and-analysis and counterintelligence to covert action and accountability • Probes into how the United States' intelligence agencies attempt to protect the nation from cyberattacks by foreign nations and terrorist groups—and documents the successes and failures • Documents the involvement of the National Security Agency (NSA) in bulk "metadata" collection of information on the telephone records and social media communications of American citizens • Examines the effects that have resulted from major leaks in the U.S. government, from Wikileaks to the NSA Snowden leaks

The United Nations and the Rationale for Collective Intelligence

Author: Bassey Ekpe

Publisher: Cambria Press

ISBN: 1604976144

Category: Law

Page: 390

View: 5578

Taking as its central argument the question of whether an intelligence system is both desirable and feasible within the UN structure, this study explores the complex and sometimes, irreconcilable issues of strategic intelligence in a sharing context. This study further identifies and develops both conceptual and empirical framework for a viable intelligence capability in multi-agency institutions; exploring and suggesting, for the first time, necessary and acceptable conditions for collective intelligence in an environment characterised by conflicting objectives among international actors. It takes as its main premise the view that the United Nations and the world of intelligence are two separate and contradicting entities that conflict in both principles and operating doctrines. From this point of view, the author explores the many theoretical imperatives which set the two institutions apart and stand in the way of understanding the concepts. He also goes further to examine the contexts in which the contradictions could be harmonised. This book is one of a handful of studies; it is highly original in that it focuses on the relationship between intelligence and the United Nations. While previous efforts to examine the subject have approached it from a strictly practical point of view, this work is clearly focused on the linkages between theory and practice. The methodology is thoughtful and broad in scope, and the work is theoretically well informed and sophisticated in its analysis of the subject matter. The discussion of aspects of the theory of international relations--specifically those relevant to the role of international governance and the examination of the working of the UN--and several case studies of the UN in action are further characteristics of the rigor and clarity in which the author approaches the study in an intelligent and illuminating manner. While the book's many contributions can be found at various levels of originality, its thorough assessment of the linkage between theory and policy stands out, perhaps, as the most important and primary contribution to the areas of collective intelligence and international relations. Other important contributions include the case study analyses and specification of criteria for evaluating collective security intelligence mechanisms. In essence, a lack of scholarly efforts to ground the notion of collective intelligence within a rigorous intellectual framework is a significant vacuum in the study of intelligence which the present study has filled. Scholars working within the international relations discipline and more specifically issues of global governance and security will find this study invaluable. The book should also appeal to many categories of readers working in information and policy environment, as well as governmental and non-governmental organisations.

Foundations of Homeland Security

Law and Policy

Author: Martin J. Alperen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470934609

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 3018

This book is the complete guide to understanding the structure of homeland security – its underlying law and policy. Created from a broad and in depth, yet edited collection of statutes, policy papers, presidential directives, and other documents, it cultivates a detailed understanding of the foundations of homeland security. It is arranged in a topic-by-topic format structured to include only the documents and statues that affect a particular subject, making for much easier understanding. Thus, the chapter on FEMA contains only the portions of the statutes and other documents that relate to FEMA. There are twenty-five topic areas. It contains hundreds of end notes, references, and suggestions for further study. This book offers important legal guidance that students, law enforcement officers, lawyers, and other homeland security professionals need to accurately interpret, understand, and apply homeland security policy. The Introduction provides an in-depth overview of the subject of homeland security and includes a discussion of what is homeland security, definitions of homeland security and terrorism, what is homeland security law, its development, and what is a homeland security curriculum. There are contributing chapters about homeland security in Europe, and homeland security in China and Japan.

Securing, Stabilizing, and Rebuilding Iraq: Iraqi Government Has Not Met Most Legislative, Security, and Economic Benchmarks

Congressional Testimony

Author: David Walker

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781422319185

Category: Internal security

Page: 15

View: 8389

Statement on whether or not the gov¿t. of Iraq has met 18 benchmarks contained in an Act which requires a report on the status of the achievement of these benchmarks. The benchmarks cover Iraqi gov¿t. actions needed to advance reconciliation within Iraqi society, improve the security of the Iraqi pop¿n., provide essential services to the pop¿n., & promote economic well-being. In summary, the Iraqi gov¿t. met 3, partially met 4, & did not meet 11 of its 18 benchmarks. Overall, key legislation has not been passed, violence remains high, & it is unclear whether the Iraqi govt. will spend $10 billion in reconstruction funds. The gov¿t. has not enacted legislation on de-Ba¿athification, oil revenue sharing, provincial elections, amnesty, & militia disarmament. Tables.

Modern Geopolitics and Security

Strategies for Unwinnable Conflicts

Author: Amos N. Guiora

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466569239

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 181

View: 6805

The transformation from traditional war between nation-states to conflict between nation-states and nonstate actors requires decision makers, policy analysts, military commanders, intelligence officials, and legislators to answer the question: is there a strategy for an unwinnable conflict? This question takes on particular urgency given the extraordinary number of conflict points that define the current state of international relations. Modern Geopolitics and Security: Strategies for Unwinnable Conflicts draws on the author's extensive experience in counterterrorism, negotiation, and the implementation of the Oslo Peace Process with his more recent work in academia. The book uses an interdisciplinary case study model to illustrate valuable lessons learned and best practices in strategic analysis and decision making that are based on international relations, international law, and negotiation/intervention. The book defines sovereignty, intervention, geopolitics, security, and what they mean in a global landscape. It examines historical examples of global crises and security concerns as well as contemporary geopolitical issues, including the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, intervention in Libya, non-intervention in Syria, the Good Friday Agreement, the conflict in the former Yugoslavia, and the Arab Spring. We are entering a new era, where disaffected individuals who are willing and able to act, have more power and potential influence than ever before. Conflicts like those occurring in Egypt, Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Israel, and elsewhere are all complex organisms—nuanced as never before. Add in increasing regional asymmetrical conflicts, increasing global economic strain, social media and the accelerating speed of communication, ideological and regional state versus nonstate conflicts—such as in the case of al-Qaeda and other such movements—and traditional "business as usual" geopolitics is being somewhat turned on its head. Modern Geopolitics and Security addresses topics that aren’t currently covered anywhere–establishing a new paradigm to rethink modern geopolitics, given new and emerging challenges to traditional schools of thought. View an article by Amos N. Guiora that recently appeared in the The New York Times..