Setting of New Social Science Research Agendas for Africa in the 21st Century

Author: Lily Mafela,Herman Musahara

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 9994455664

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 2512

The theme adopted for the OSSREA's 9th Congress, Africa in the 21st Century: Setting of New Social Science Research Agendas, recognized the daunting challenges that Africa continues to grapple with, while remaining resilient and seeking new ways of engaging in order to contend with developmental imperatives. The papers which are included in this volume raise a good range of socio-economic issues which are current to the African agenda: governance, foreign direct investment, Socio-African economic relations, globalization and economic partnership agreements, gender in business, a well as the continuing scourge of HIV/AIDS.

Custom and Politics in Urban Africa

A Study of Hausa Migrants in Yoruba Towns

Author: Abner Cohen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136523243

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 2874

Based on Cohen's fieldwork in the 1960s among the Hausa migrants, a people of the Yoruba area (then the western region of the Federation of Nigeria), Custom and Politics in Urban Africa looks at how ethnic groups use elements of tradition in jostling for power and privilege in new urban situations. This is a landmark work in urban anthropology and provides a comparative framework for studying political processes in African societies.

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa

A Resource Book

Author: Washington Odongo Ochola,P. C. Sanginga,Isaac Bekalo

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 9966792090

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 538

View: 5464

The complex and dynamic interlinks between natural resource management (NRM) and development have long been recognized by national and international research and development organizations and have generated voluminous literature. However, much of what is available in the form of university course books, practical learning manuals and reference materials in NRM is based on experiences from outside Africa. Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa: A Resource Book provides an understanding of the various levels at which NRM issues occur and are being addressed scientifically, economically, socially and politically. The book's nine chapters present state-of-the-art perspectives within a holistic African context. The book systematically navigates the tricky landscape of integrated NRM, with special reference to Eastern and Southern Africa, against the backdrop of prevailing local, national, regional and global social, economic and environmental challenges. The authors' wide experience, the rich references made to emerging challenges and opportunities, and the presentation of different tools, principles, approaches, case studies and processes make the book a rich and valuable one-stop resource for postgraduate students, researchers, policymakers and NRM practitioners. The book is designed to help the reader grasp in-depth NRM perspectives and presents innovative guidance for research design and problem solving, including review questions, learning activities and recommended further reading. The book was developed through a writeshop process by a multi-disciplinary team of lecturers from the University of Nairobi, Egerton University, Kenyatta University, the University of Zimbabwe, the University of Malawi, Makerere University and the University of Dar es Salam. In addition, selected NRM experts from regional and international research organizations including the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), the Africa Forest Forum, RUFORUM, IIRR and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) participated in the writeshop and contributed material to the book.

21st Century Geography

Author: Joseph P. Stoltman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141297464X

Category: Science

Page: 883

View: 9194

This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

The Culture of AIDS in Africa

Hope and Healing Through Music and the Arts

Author: Gregory Barz,Judah M. Cohen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019978003X

Category: Music

Page: 528

View: 3069

The Culture of AIDS in Africa enters into the many worlds of expression brought forth across this vast continent by the ravaging presence of HIV/AIDS. Africans and non-Africans, physicians and social scientists, journalists and documentarians share here a common and essential interest in understanding creative expression in crushing and uncertain times. They investigate and engage the social networks, power relationships, and cultural structures that enable the arts to convey messages of hope and healing, and of knowledge and good counsel to the wider community. And from Africa to the wider world, they bring intimate, inspiring portraits of the performers, artists, communities, and organizations that have shared with them their insights and the sense they have made of their lives and actions from deep within this devastating epidemic. Covering the wide expanse of the African continent, the 30 chapters include explorations of, for example, the use of music to cope with AIDS; the relationship between music, HIV/AIDS, and social change; visual approaches to HIV literacy; radio and television as tools for "edutainment;" several individual artists' confrontations with HIV/AIDS; various performance groups' response to the epidemic; combating HIV/AIDS with local cultural performance; and more. Source material, such as song lyrics and interviews, weaves throughout the collection, and contributions by editors Gregory Barz and Judah M. Cohen bookend the whole, to bring together a vast array of perspectives and sources into a nuanced and profoundly affective portrayal of the intricate relationship between HIV/AIDS and the arts in Africa.

Handbook of Health Behavior Research IV

Relevance for Professionals and Issues for the Future

Author: David S. Gochman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489904840

Category: Psychology

Page: 532

View: 5175

Volume 4 considers the importance of health behavior research in practical settings. Particularly notable are treatments of the "narrative approach", the taxonomy of health behavior, and the organization of health behavior knowledge. Each volume features extensive supplementary and integrative material prepared by the editor, the detailed index to the entire four-volume set, and a glossary of health behavior terminology.

Social Development and Social Work Perspectives on Social Protection

Author: Julie L. Drolet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131767345X

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 9687

Social protection is now considered a development milestone and an important tool in combating poverty. Interventions can include, for example, health insurance, public works programs, guaranteed employment schemes, or cash transfers targeting vulnerable populations groups. This innovative volume is designed to develop understanding about the role and contribution of social protection globally and to share innovative practice and policies from around the world. It explores how to cover an entire population effectively, especially those who are at risk or who are already in a situation of deprivation, and in a sustainable manner. Divided into two parts, the book begins by exploring the theoretical underpinnings of social protection, discussing the social work and social development perspectives and concepts that currently shape it. The second part is comprised of case studies from countries implementing successful social protection initiatives, including Brazil, India, South Africa, Ghana, Nigeria and Indonesia, and reveals how the impact of a successful social protection intervention on poverty, vulnerability and inequality can be dramatic. This volume is an important reference for advanced students and researchers from a range of disciplines including social policy, social work, development studies, geography, planning, economics, sociology, population health and political science.

CSR in Private Enterprises in Developing Countries

Evidences from the Ready-Made Garments Industry in Bangladesh

Author: Nakib Muhammad Nasrullah,Mia Mahmudur Rahim

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319023500

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 5016

This book examines the growing trend of recognition and practices of CSR in private enterprises in developing countries. It identifies the challenges and deficiencies in these practices and proposes means for improvement. Based on a sound theoretical foundation, this book focusses on the case of Bangladesh and the ready-made garment industry to exemplify the described developments. After a brief introduction the book outlines the standards of Corporate Social Responsibility. It compares the trends in CSR practices both in developed and developing countries and then embarks on CSR practices in the private sector in Bangladesh to finally present a detailed analysis of CSR and its practices in the ready-made garment industry. The book not only compares developing countries with developed, but as well provides an assessment and analysis of different stages of CSR within the South Asian area.

Handbook of Islamic Marketing

Author: Özlem Sandıkcı,Gillian Rice

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857936026

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 544

View: 7585

ÔThis is an especially timely publication, given the current metamorphosis of politics in the Middle East and North Africa. ...zlem Sandõkcõ and Gillian Rice are to be congratulated for having sensed the need for a Handbook that will alert marketers to the vast market opportunities offered by Muslim consumers. It is essential to become attuned to the values and principles of Islamic cultures that will drive consumption, product and service choices, brand preference, and brand loyalty in coming years. The scholars who have contributed to this Handbook come from many different backgrounds to offer a kaleidoscope of research and recommendations on how best to serve this previously overlooked segment of consumers who make up a quarter of world markets.Õ Ð Lyn S. Amine, Saint Louis University, US ÔThis ambitious and timely collection will be enormously valuable to readers in the practice and study of the growing field of Muslim marketing and branding. Essays range expertly across key sectors (notably finance, food, and fashion) and territories (of Muslim majority and minority population). Contributors elaborate the diversity of Muslim experiences, beliefs, and practices that must be taken into account by marketing professionals seeking to exploit this newly recognized market. Academic authors provide helpful postscripts for marketers, making clear the links between their nuanced historicized understanding of contemporary transnational, global, and local forms of Muslim identity and practice. This book provides an essential guide to those who study and those who participate in Muslim branding and marketing.Õ Ð Reina Lewis, London College of Fashion, UK The Handbook of Islamic Marketing provides state-of-the-art scholarship on the intersection of Islam, consumption and marketing and lays out an agenda for future research. The topics covered by eminent contributors from around the world range from fashion and food consumption practices of Muslims to retailing, digital marketing, advertising, corporate social responsibility and nation branding in the context of Muslim marketplaces. The essays offer new insights into the relationship between morality, consumption and marketing practices and discuss the implications of politics and globalization for Islamic markets. This comprehensive Handbook provides an essential introduction to the newly emerging field of Islamic marketing. It is invaluable for researchers and students in international marketing who are interested in the intersection of Islam and marketing as well as those from anthropology and sociology studying Muslim consumers and businesses. The book also supplies vital knowledge for Muslim and non-Muslim business leaders generating commerce in Islamic communities.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199394474

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 9132

The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

The Limits to Governance

The Challenge of Policy-Making for the New Life Sciences

Author: Dr Catherine Lyall,Dr Theo Papaioannou,Mr James Smith

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409491781

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 5275

Does the state still frame debates about new technology? Can policy-makers ensure the benefits of health developments through genomics while still satisfying the expectations of society and the economic imperatives? In this critique of the new governance agenda for research and innovation in life sciences, the authors discuss the world-wide policy decisions needed, with particular reference to genomics. They suggest the many facets of policy and could be treated as a government–governance continuum, where different aspects of genomics may sit at different points, and co-exist. Their findings offer valuable insights for the future and will help promote a global solution to this problem.

World Development Report 2008 (Overview)

Agriculture for Development

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821372971

Category: Adaptation (Biology)

Page: 32

View: 487

This edition of the Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics presents selected papers from the ABCDE Meetings, held May 29-30, 2006, in Tokyo, Japan. This volume presents papers on Infrastructure for Growth - emerging issues; sustainable development and infrastructure - climate change, clean energy, and energy efficiency; rural infrastructure and agricultural development; and infrastructure and regional cooperation.

Handbook of Research on Schools, Schooling and Human Development

Author: Judith L. Meece,Jacquelynne S. Eccles

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135283869

Category: Education

Page: 536

View: 6596

Children spend more time in school than in any social institution outside the home. And schools probably exert more influence on children’s development and life chances than any environment beyond the home and neighbourhood. The purpose of this book is to document some important ways schools influence children’s development and to describe various models and methods for studying schooling effects. Key features include: Comprehensive Coverage – this is the first book to provide a comprehensive review of what is known about schools as a context for human development. Topical coverage ranges from theoretical foundations to investigative methodologies and from classroom-level influences such as teacher-student relations to broader influences such as school organization and educational policies. Cross-Disciplinary – this volume brings together the divergent perspectives, methods and findings of scholars from a variety of disciplines, among them educational psychology, developmental psychology, school psychology, social psychology, psychiatry, sociology, and educational policy. Chapter Structure – to ensure continuity, chapter authors describe 1) how schooling influences are conceptualized 2) identify their theoretical and methodological approaches 3) discuss the strengths and weaknesses of existing research and 4) highlight implications for future research, practice, and policy. Methodologies – chapters included in the text feature various methodologies including longitudinal studies, hierarchical linear models, experimental and quasi-experimental designs, and mixed methods.

Education for a Global Century

Handbook of Exemplary International Programs

Author: N.A

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412822299

Category: Education

Page: 157

View: 2797

This handbook describes international programs for undergraduates, provides a short section on selected consortia, and suggests ideas for widening international education. The programs selected for this volume met certain criteria. In addition to being effective, the programs do not place a large strain on institutional budgets and can be easily adapted by others. The volume is arranged into four chapters. Chapter I, the largest section, describes over 60 two-year and four-year college and university programs. Chapter II describes six consortia programs. Each description includes a brief introduction to the institution and an overview of the international aspects of the curriculum as well as information about how the international aspects are organized, the educational impact, and the resource persons who can be contacted for further information. Chapter III presents worthwhile, imaginative ideas that are used at other institutions. Chapter IV consists of a thematic index that lists each program or approach under general program theme or pedagogic approach categories, such as foreign languages, study abroad, and integrated curriculum. (Author/SR)

Politics of the Womb

Women, Reproduction, and the State in Kenya

Author: Lynn Thomas

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520936647

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 3799

In more than a metaphorical sense, the womb has proven to be an important site of political struggle in and about Africa. By examining the political significance—and complex ramifications—of reproductive controversies in twentieth-century Kenya, this book explores why and how control of female initiation, abortion, childbirth, and premarital pregnancy have been crucial to the exercise of colonial and postcolonial power. This innovative book enriches the study of gender, reproduction, sexuality, and African history by revealing how reproductive controversies challenged long-standing social hierarchies and contributed to the construction of new ones that continue to influence the fraught politics of abortion, birth control, female genital cutting, and HIV/AIDS in Africa.

Towards a New Map of Africa

Author: Camilla Toulmin

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849773394

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 373

View: 4807

'The big, era-defining questions and, at last, the subtle, tenable answers, teased out without clich or compromise. A vital volume at a critical moment.' Dr Augustus Casely-Hayford, Director, Africa '05 'This book dispels the myth of a uniformly hopeless, hungry continent. It shows just howextraordinarily diverse Africa isand how much ithas changed in the last 20 years.Full of fresh thinking onproblems that face Africa and new African approaches to development.' Richard Dowden, Director, Royal African Society This ground-breaking book, with a foreword by former President of Ireland (19901997) and UN Human Rights Commissioner (19972002) Mary Robinson, uniquely distils the complex issues surrounding Africa at the beginning of the 21st century. African and Western scholars provide a fascinating 'map' for the reader to navigate between issues such as urban and rural livelihoods, the potential of fresh water fishing, health, the HIV/AIDS crisis, conflict and efforts at peacemaking. Also included are critical assessments of Africa's role in the global economy, the growth of regional economic cooperation within Africa, the influence of ethnicity on the continent's politics, the evolution of its political institutions, and the impact of Africa's legal systems on its development. A substantial introductory essay by the editors measures the distance Africa has travelled and the lessons it has learned since Africa in Crisis, the classic Earthscan book, was published in 1985. Ben Wisner is visiting research fellow at DESTIN, London School of Economics and at Benfield Hazard Research Centre, University College London, and visiting professor of environmental studies, Oberlin College, USA. Camilla Toulmin is Director of the International Institute for Environment and Development. Rutendo Chitiga is a freelance writer and editor, and has a postgraduate degree in environment and development.

The Chief Diversity Officer

Strategy Structure, and Change Management

Author: Damon A. Williams,Katrina C. Wade-Golden

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 1579228186

Category: Education

Page: 450

View: 3641

This volume addresses the role of chief diversity officers as coordinating and integrating diversity leaders in higher education and other sectors. Having established in a companion volume the parameters for an effective diversity strategy, the authors address such questions as: What is a chief diversity officer? How might we create dynamic chief diversity officer infrastructures? What models of CDO structure exist in the academy? What misperceptions often confound the work of officers and the institutions they work within? What key competencies are necessary to lead as a CDO? How does the CDO role compare across higher education, non-profit, and corporate sectors? And how might the role serve as an important contributor to a collaborative vision for change and transformation in the academy? This book begins by delineating the evolution of the chief diversity officer role in the academy. Drawing on extensive qualitative and quantitative research on CDOs conducted for the purposes of this volume, it describes how the scope and responsibilities are variously defined at the organizations where the position has been created, and offers insights into the complexities and challenges of the role. On the basis of this data and the literature on organizational design and change management, the authors define the requisite skills, knowledge and background to be effective, review the alternative organizational and governance structures under which CDOs operate, and in so doing present the Chief Diversity Officer Development Framework as a basis for recruiting candidates, for structuring the position to succeed, and for providing prospective and incumbent CDOs with a realistic sense of the scope of the role. This title is also available in a set with its companion volume, Strategic Diversity Leadership.

Topical Issues in Communications and Media Research

Author: Kwamena Kwansah-Aidoo

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594542794

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 6655

The field of communication and media has never been more exciting, and the vigorous activity in this area over the past three decades bears testimony to this. The excitement is due to a number of developments in the vast and sometimes very different areas that fall under the common rubric of communication and media studies. This book seeks to interrogate a number of concerns and issues in communications and media research. This volume documents some of the current trends and developments, challenges, and future prospects of communication and media research. In doing so it presents a broad basis for understanding the issues, technologies, theories, applications, opportunities, and challenges faced by communication researchers and scholars in the new media environment of the 21st century.