Setting of New Social Science Research Agendas for Africa in the 21st Century

Author: Lily Mafela,Herman Musahara

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 9994455664

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 4597

The theme adopted for the OSSREA's 9th Congress, Africa in the 21st Century: Setting of New Social Science Research Agendas, recognized the daunting challenges that Africa continues to grapple with, while remaining resilient and seeking new ways of engaging in order to contend with developmental imperatives. The papers which are included in this volume raise a good range of socio-economic issues which are current to the African agenda: governance, foreign direct investment, Socio-African economic relations, globalization and economic partnership agreements, gender in business, a well as the continuing scourge of HIV/AIDS.

Custom and Politics in Urban Africa

A Study of Hausa Migrants in Yoruba Towns

Author: Abner Cohen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136523243

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 1344

Based on Cohen's fieldwork in the 1960s among the Hausa migrants, a people of the Yoruba area (then the western region of the Federation of Nigeria), Custom and Politics in Urban Africa looks at how ethnic groups use elements of tradition in jostling for power and privilege in new urban situations. This is a landmark work in urban anthropology and provides a comparative framework for studying political processes in African societies.

21st Century Geography

Author: Joseph P. Stoltman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141297464X

Category: Science

Page: 883

View: 2799

This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa

A Resource Book

Author: Washington Odongo Ochola,P. C. Sanginga,Isaac Bekalo

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 9966792090

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 538

View: 6436

The complex and dynamic interlinks between natural resource management (NRM) and development have long been recognized by national and international research and development organizations and have generated voluminous literature. However, much of what is available in the form of university course books, practical learning manuals and reference materials in NRM is based on experiences from outside Africa. Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa: A Resource Book provides an understanding of the various levels at which NRM issues occur and are being addressed scientifically, economically, socially and politically. The book's nine chapters present state-of-the-art perspectives within a holistic African context. The book systematically navigates the tricky landscape of integrated NRM, with special reference to Eastern and Southern Africa, against the backdrop of prevailing local, national, regional and global social, economic and environmental challenges. The authors' wide experience, the rich references made to emerging challenges and opportunities, and the presentation of different tools, principles, approaches, case studies and processes make the book a rich and valuable one-stop resource for postgraduate students, researchers, policymakers and NRM practitioners. The book is designed to help the reader grasp in-depth NRM perspectives and presents innovative guidance for research design and problem solving, including review questions, learning activities and recommended further reading. The book was developed through a writeshop process by a multi-disciplinary team of lecturers from the University of Nairobi, Egerton University, Kenyatta University, the University of Zimbabwe, the University of Malawi, Makerere University and the University of Dar es Salam. In addition, selected NRM experts from regional and international research organizations including the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), the Africa Forest Forum, RUFORUM, IIRR and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) participated in the writeshop and contributed material to the book.

Social Knowledge in the Making

Author: Charles Camic,Neil Gross,Michèle Lamont

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226092100

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 9834

Over the past quarter century, researchers have successfully explored the inner workings of the physical and biological sciences using a variety of social and historical lenses. Inspired by these advances, the contributors to Social Knowledge in the Making turn their attention to the social sciences, broadly construed. The result is the first comprehensive effort to study and understand the day-to-day activities involved in the creation of social-scientific and related forms of knowledge about the social world. The essays collected here tackle a range of previously unexplored questions about the practices involved in the production, assessment, and use of diverse forms of social knowledge. A stellar cast of multidisciplinary scholars addresses topics such as the changing practices of historical research, anthropological data collection, library usage, peer review, and institutional review boards. Turning to the world beyond the academy, other essays focus on global banks, survey research organizations, and national security and economic policy makers. Social Knowledge in the Making is a landmark volume for a new field of inquiry, and the bold new research agenda it proposes will be welcomed in the social science, the humanities, and a broad range of nonacademic settings.

Handbook of Islamic Marketing

Author: Özlem Sandıkcı,Gillian Rice

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857936026

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 544

View: 8740

ÔThis is an especially timely publication, given the current metamorphosis of politics in the Middle East and North Africa. ...zlem Sandõkcõ and Gillian Rice are to be congratulated for having sensed the need for a Handbook that will alert marketers to the vast market opportunities offered by Muslim consumers. It is essential to become attuned to the values and principles of Islamic cultures that will drive consumption, product and service choices, brand preference, and brand loyalty in coming years. The scholars who have contributed to this Handbook come from many different backgrounds to offer a kaleidoscope of research and recommendations on how best to serve this previously overlooked segment of consumers who make up a quarter of world markets.Õ Ð Lyn S. Amine, Saint Louis University, US ÔThis ambitious and timely collection will be enormously valuable to readers in the practice and study of the growing field of Muslim marketing and branding. Essays range expertly across key sectors (notably finance, food, and fashion) and territories (of Muslim majority and minority population). Contributors elaborate the diversity of Muslim experiences, beliefs, and practices that must be taken into account by marketing professionals seeking to exploit this newly recognized market. Academic authors provide helpful postscripts for marketers, making clear the links between their nuanced historicized understanding of contemporary transnational, global, and local forms of Muslim identity and practice. This book provides an essential guide to those who study and those who participate in Muslim branding and marketing.Õ Ð Reina Lewis, London College of Fashion, UK The Handbook of Islamic Marketing provides state-of-the-art scholarship on the intersection of Islam, consumption and marketing and lays out an agenda for future research. The topics covered by eminent contributors from around the world range from fashion and food consumption practices of Muslims to retailing, digital marketing, advertising, corporate social responsibility and nation branding in the context of Muslim marketplaces. The essays offer new insights into the relationship between morality, consumption and marketing practices and discuss the implications of politics and globalization for Islamic markets. This comprehensive Handbook provides an essential introduction to the newly emerging field of Islamic marketing. It is invaluable for researchers and students in international marketing who are interested in the intersection of Islam and marketing as well as those from anthropology and sociology studying Muslim consumers and businesses. The book also supplies vital knowledge for Muslim and non-Muslim business leaders generating commerce in Islamic communities.

The Social Worlds of Higher Education

Handbook for Teaching in A New Century

Author: Bernice Pescosolido

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 9780761986133

Category: Education

Page: 646

View: 5476

This book provides a definitive collection of original and reprinted articles about the problems and prospects of tertiary teaching and education in the social sciences. The Handbook is accompanied by a 3.5" diskette, the Field Guide, which provides a further collection of original and reprinted ‘how to’ articles. The Handbook supplies the broad perspectives and principles about higher education and teaching in a time of rapid change: the Field Guide offers a wealth of valuable practical information for novice and experienced teachers.

The Culture of AIDS in Africa

Hope and Healing Through Music and the Arts

Author: Gregory Barz,Judah M. Cohen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019978003X

Category: Music

Page: 528

View: 9014

The Culture of AIDS in Africa enters into the many worlds of expression brought forth across this vast continent by the ravaging presence of HIV/AIDS. Africans and non-Africans, physicians and social scientists, journalists and documentarians share here a common and essential interest in understanding creative expression in crushing and uncertain times. They investigate and engage the social networks, power relationships, and cultural structures that enable the arts to convey messages of hope and healing, and of knowledge and good counsel to the wider community. And from Africa to the wider world, they bring intimate, inspiring portraits of the performers, artists, communities, and organizations that have shared with them their insights and the sense they have made of their lives and actions from deep within this devastating epidemic. Covering the wide expanse of the African continent, the 30 chapters include explorations of, for example, the use of music to cope with AIDS; the relationship between music, HIV/AIDS, and social change; visual approaches to HIV literacy; radio and television as tools for "edutainment;" several individual artists' confrontations with HIV/AIDS; various performance groups' response to the epidemic; combating HIV/AIDS with local cultural performance; and more. Source material, such as song lyrics and interviews, weaves throughout the collection, and contributions by editors Gregory Barz and Judah M. Cohen bookend the whole, to bring together a vast array of perspectives and sources into a nuanced and profoundly affective portrayal of the intricate relationship between HIV/AIDS and the arts in Africa.

Knowledge Matters

The Public Mission of the Research University

Author: Diana Rhoten,Craig Calhoun

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231521833

Category: Social Science

Page: 608

View: 1391

Higher education can be a vital public good, providing opportunities for students, informed citizens for democracy, and knowledge to improve the human condition. Yet public investment in universities is widely being cut, often because public purposes are neglected while private benefits dominate. In this collection, international scholars confront the realities of higher education and the future of its public and private agenda. Their perspectives illuminate the trajectory of education in the twenty-first century and the continuing importance of the university's public mission. Reporting from Asia, Africa, Europe, Latin America, and North America, these scholars look at the different ways universities struggle to serve public and private agendas. Contributors examine the implications of changes in funding sources as well as amounts, different administrative and policy decisions, and the significance of various approaches to assessment and evaluation. They ask whether wider student access has in fact resulted in social mobility, whether more scientific research can be treated as an open-access resource, how changes in academic publishing change access to knowledge, and whether universities get full value from research sold to private corporations. At the same time, these chapters capture the confusion in the university sector over explaining academic work to a broader public and prioritizing its multiple purposes. Authors examine these practical challenges and the implications of different approaches in different contexts.

Social Development and Social Work Perspectives on Social Protection

Author: Julie L. Drolet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131767345X

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 7388

Social protection is now considered a development milestone and an important tool in combating poverty. Interventions can include, for example, health insurance, public works programs, guaranteed employment schemes, or cash transfers targeting vulnerable populations groups. This innovative volume is designed to develop understanding about the role and contribution of social protection globally and to share innovative practice and policies from around the world. It explores how to cover an entire population effectively, especially those who are at risk or who are already in a situation of deprivation, and in a sustainable manner. Divided into two parts, the book begins by exploring the theoretical underpinnings of social protection, discussing the social work and social development perspectives and concepts that currently shape it. The second part is comprised of case studies from countries implementing successful social protection initiatives, including Brazil, India, South Africa, Ghana, Nigeria and Indonesia, and reveals how the impact of a successful social protection intervention on poverty, vulnerability and inequality can be dramatic. This volume is an important reference for advanced students and researchers from a range of disciplines including social policy, social work, development studies, geography, planning, economics, sociology, population health and political science.

Handbook of Health Behavior Research IV

Relevance for Professionals and Issues for the Future

Author: David S. Gochman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489904840

Category: Psychology

Page: 532

View: 7044

Volume 4 considers the importance of health behavior research in practical settings. Particularly notable are treatments of the "narrative approach", the taxonomy of health behavior, and the organization of health behavior knowledge. Each volume features extensive supplementary and integrative material prepared by the editor, the detailed index to the entire four-volume set, and a glossary of health behavior terminology.

CSR in Private Enterprises in Developing Countries

Evidences from the Ready-Made Garments Industry in Bangladesh

Author: Nakib Muhammad Nasrullah,Mia Mahmudur Rahim

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319023500

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 9680

This book examines the growing trend of recognition and practices of CSR in private enterprises in developing countries. It identifies the challenges and deficiencies in these practices and proposes means for improvement. Based on a sound theoretical foundation, this book focusses on the case of Bangladesh and the ready-made garment industry to exemplify the described developments. After a brief introduction the book outlines the standards of Corporate Social Responsibility. It compares the trends in CSR practices both in developed and developing countries and then embarks on CSR practices in the private sector in Bangladesh to finally present a detailed analysis of CSR and its practices in the ready-made garment industry. The book not only compares developing countries with developed, but as well provides an assessment and analysis of different stages of CSR within the South Asian area.

Reclaiming Archaeology

Beyond the Tropes of Modernity

Author: Alfredo González-Ruibal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135083525

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 3901

Archaeology has been an important source of metaphors for some of the key intellectuals of the 20th century: Sigmund Freud, Walter Benjamin, Alois Riegl and Michel Foucault, amongst many others. However, this power has also turned against archaeology, because the discipline has been dealt with perfunctorily as a mere provider of metaphors that other intellectuals have exploited. Scholars from different fields continue to explore areas in which archaeologists have been working for over two centuries, with little or no reference to the discipline. It seems that excavation, stratigraphy or ruins only become important at a trans-disciplinary level when people from outside archaeology pay attention to them and somehow dematerialize them. Meanwhile, archaeologists have been usually more interested in borrowing theories from other fields, rather than in developing the theoretical potential of the same concepts that other thinkers find so useful. The time is ripe for archaeologists to address a wider audience and engage in theoretical debates from a position of equality, not of subalternity. Reclaiming Archaeology explores how archaeology can be useful to rethink modernity’s big issues, and more specifically late modernity (broadly understood as the 20th and 21st centuries). The book contains a series of original essays, not necessarily following the conventional academic rules of archaeological writing or thinking, allowing rhetoric to have its place in disclosing the archaeological. In each of the four sections that constitute this book (method, time, heritage and materiality), the contributors deal with different archaeological tropes, such as excavation, surface/depth, genealogy, ruins, fragments, repressed memories and traces. They criticize their modernist implications and rework them in creative ways, in order to show the power of archaeology not just to understand the past, but also the present. Reclaiming Archaeology includes essays from a diverse array of archaeologists who have dealt in one way or another with modernity, including scholars from non-Anglophone countries who have approached the issue in original ways during recent years, as well as contributors from other fields who engage in a creative dialogue with archaeology and the work of archaeologists.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199394474

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 1649

The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

The Limits to Governance

The Challenge of Policy-Making for the New Life Sciences

Author: Dr Catherine Lyall,Dr Theo Papaioannou,Mr James Smith

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409491781

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 4912

Does the state still frame debates about new technology? Can policy-makers ensure the benefits of health developments through genomics while still satisfying the expectations of society and the economic imperatives? In this critique of the new governance agenda for research and innovation in life sciences, the authors discuss the world-wide policy decisions needed, with particular reference to genomics. They suggest the many facets of policy and could be treated as a government–governance continuum, where different aspects of genomics may sit at different points, and co-exist. Their findings offer valuable insights for the future and will help promote a global solution to this problem.

Topical Issues in Communications and Media Research

Author: Kwamena Kwansah-Aidoo

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594542794

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 422

The field of communication and media has never been more exciting, and the vigorous activity in this area over the past three decades bears testimony to this. The excitement is due to a number of developments in the vast and sometimes very different areas that fall under the common rubric of communication and media studies. This book seeks to interrogate a number of concerns and issues in communications and media research. This volume documents some of the current trends and developments, challenges, and future prospects of communication and media research. In doing so it presents a broad basis for understanding the issues, technologies, theories, applications, opportunities, and challenges faced by communication researchers and scholars in the new media environment of the 21st century.

Politics of the Womb

Women, Reproduction, and the State in Kenya

Author: Lynn Thomas

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520936647

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 6444

In more than a metaphorical sense, the womb has proven to be an important site of political struggle in and about Africa. By examining the political significance—and complex ramifications—of reproductive controversies in twentieth-century Kenya, this book explores why and how control of female initiation, abortion, childbirth, and premarital pregnancy have been crucial to the exercise of colonial and postcolonial power. This innovative book enriches the study of gender, reproduction, sexuality, and African history by revealing how reproductive controversies challenged long-standing social hierarchies and contributed to the construction of new ones that continue to influence the fraught politics of abortion, birth control, female genital cutting, and HIV/AIDS in Africa.

Towards a New Map of Africa

Author: Camilla Toulmin

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849773394

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 373

View: 4599

'The big, era-defining questions and, at last, the subtle, tenable answers, teased out without clich or compromise. A vital volume at a critical moment.' Dr Augustus Casely-Hayford, Director, Africa '05 'This book dispels the myth of a uniformly hopeless, hungry continent. It shows just howextraordinarily diverse Africa isand how much ithas changed in the last 20 years.Full of fresh thinking onproblems that face Africa and new African approaches to development.' Richard Dowden, Director, Royal African Society This ground-breaking book, with a foreword by former President of Ireland (19901997) and UN Human Rights Commissioner (19972002) Mary Robinson, uniquely distils the complex issues surrounding Africa at the beginning of the 21st century. African and Western scholars provide a fascinating 'map' for the reader to navigate between issues such as urban and rural livelihoods, the potential of fresh water fishing, health, the HIV/AIDS crisis, conflict and efforts at peacemaking. Also included are critical assessments of Africa's role in the global economy, the growth of regional economic cooperation within Africa, the influence of ethnicity on the continent's politics, the evolution of its political institutions, and the impact of Africa's legal systems on its development. A substantial introductory essay by the editors measures the distance Africa has travelled and the lessons it has learned since Africa in Crisis, the classic Earthscan book, was published in 1985. Ben Wisner is visiting research fellow at DESTIN, London School of Economics and at Benfield Hazard Research Centre, University College London, and visiting professor of environmental studies, Oberlin College, USA. Camilla Toulmin is Director of the International Institute for Environment and Development. Rutendo Chitiga is a freelance writer and editor, and has a postgraduate degree in environment and development.

Handbook of the Sociology of Health, Illness, and Healing

A Blueprint for the 21st Century

Author: Bernice A. Pescosolido,Jack K. Martin,Jane D. McLeod,Anne Rogers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441972613

Category: Social Science

Page: 571

View: 7857

The Handbook of the Sociology of Health, Illness & Healing advances the understanding of medical sociology by identifying the most important contemporary challenges to the field and suggesting directions for future inquiry. The editors provide a blueprint for guiding research and teaching agendas for the first quarter of the 21st century. In a series of essays, this volume offers a systematic view of the critical questions that face our understanding of the role of social forces in health, illness and healing. It also provides an overall theoretical framework and asks medical sociologists to consider the implications of taking on new directions and approaches. Such issues may include the importance of multiple levels of influences, the utility of dynamic, life course approaches, the role of culture, the impact of social networks, the importance of fundamental causes approaches, and the influences of state structures and policy making.