Shaping the Humanitarian World

Author: Peter Walker,Daniel G. Maxwell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780203614532

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 4919

Providing a critical introduction to the notion of humanitarianism in global politics, tracing the concept from its origins to the twenty-first century, this book examines how the so called international community works in response to humanitarian crises and the systems that bind and divide them. By tracing the history on international humanitarian action from its early roots through the birth of the Red Cross to the beginning of the UN, Peter Walker and Daniel G. Maxwell examine the challenges humanitarian agencies face, from working alongside armies and terrorists to witnessing genocide. They argue that humanitarianism has a vital future, but only if those practicing it choose to make it so. Topics covered include: the rise in humanitarian action as a political tool the growing call for accountability of agencies the switch of NGOs from bit players to major trans-national actors the conflict between political action and humanitarian action when it comes to addressing causes as well as symptoms of crisis. This book is essential reading for anyone with an interest in international human rights law, disaster management and international relations.

Shaping the Humanitarian World

Author: Peter Walker,Daniel G. Maxwell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135977429

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 8744

Providing a critical introduction to the notion of humanitarianism in global politics, tracing the concept from its origins to the twenty-first century, this book examines how the so called international community works in response to humanitarian crises and the systems that bind and divide them. By tracing the history on international humanitarian action from its early roots through the birth of the Red Cross to the beginning of the UN, Peter Walker and Daniel G. Maxwell examine the challenges humanitarian agencies face, from working alongside armies and terrorists to witnessing genocide. They argue that humanitarianism has a vital future, but only if those practicing it choose to make it so. Topics covered include: the rise in humanitarian action as a political tool the growing call for accountability of agencies the switch of NGOs from bit players to major trans-national actors the conflict between political action and humanitarian action when it comes to addressing causes as well as symptoms of crisis. This book is essential reading for anyone with an interest in international human rights law, disaster management and international relations.

Understanding the Humanitarian World

Author: Daniel G Maxwell,Kirsten Gelsdorf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000007618

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 8699

Conflict and disaster have been part of human history for as long as it has been recorded. Over time, more mechanisms for responding to crises have developed and become more systematized. Today a large and complex ‘global humanitarian response system’ made up of a multitude of local, national and international actors carries out a wide variety of responses. Understanding this intricate system, and the forces that shape it, are the core focus of this book. Daniel G Maxwell and Kirsten Gelsdorf highlight the origins, growth, and specific challenges to, humanitarian action and examine why the contemporary system functions as it does. They outline the main actors, explore how they are organised and look at the ways they plan and carry out their operations. Interrogating major contemporary debates and controversies in the humanitarian system, and the reasons why actions undertaken in its name remain the subject of so much controversy, they provide an important overview of the contemporary humanitarian system and the ways it may develop in the future. This book offers a nuanced understanding of the way humanitarian action operates in the 21st century. It will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in international human rights law, disaster management and international relations.

Climate Change, Disasters, Sustainability Transition and Peace in the Anthropocene

Author: Hans Günter Brauch,Úrsula Oswald Spring,Andrew E. Collins,Serena Eréndira Serrano Oswald

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319975625

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 2900

This book provides insight into Anthropocene-related studies by IPRA’s Ecology and Peace Commission. The first three chapters discuss the linkage between disasters and conflict risk reduction, responses to socio-environmental disasters in high-intensity conflict scenarios and the fragile state of disaster response with a special focus on aid-state-society relations in post-conflict settings. The two following chapters analyse climate-smart agriculture and a sustainable food system for a sustainable-engendered peace and the ethnology of select indigenous cultural resources for climate change adaptation focusing on the responses of the Abagusii in Kenya. A specific case study focuses on social representations and the family as a social institution in transition in Mexico, while the last chapter deals with sustainable peace through sustainability transition as transformative science concluding with a peace ecology perspective for the Anthropocene.

Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Author: Christopher B. Barrett

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191668702

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 512

View: 8715

Global food price spikes in 2008 and again in 2011 coincided with a surge of political unrest in low- and middle-income countries. Angry consumers took to the streets in scores of nations. In some places, food riots turned violent, pressuring governments and in a few cases contributed to their overthrow. Foreign investors sparked a new global land rush, adding a different set of pressures. With scientists cautioning that the world has entered a new era of steadily rising food prices, perhaps aggravated by climate change, the specter of widespread food insecurity and sociopolitical instability weighs on policymakers worldwide. In the past few years, governments and philanthropic foundations began redoubling efforts to resuscitate agricultural research and technology transfer, as well as to accelerate the modernization of food value chains to deliver high quality food inexpensively, faster, and in greater volumes to urban consumers. But will these efforts suffice? This volume explores the complex relationship between food security and sociopolitical stability up to roughly 2025. Organized around a series of original essays by leading global technical experts, a key message of this volume is that actions taken in an effort to address food security stressors may have consequences for food security, stability, or both that ultimately matter far more than the direct impacts of biophysical drivers such as climate or land or water scarcity. The means by which governments, firms, and private philanthropies tackle the food security challenge of the coming decade will fundamentally shape the relationship between food security and sociopolitical stability.

The State of the World's Refugees 2012

In Search of Solidarity

Author: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR),

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 267

View: 1184

"The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees"--P. [1] of cover.

International Labour Organization (ILO)

Coming in from the Cold

Author: Steve Hughes,Nigel Haworth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134259875

Category: Political Science

Page: 124

View: 1821

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is broadening its agenda and carving out a role as a key player in global economic policy-making, and this volume provides a succinct and comprehensive guide to this important organization. By charting the history and development of the ILO and examining its key functions and structure the authors offer a clear and detailed account of its work, and provide an important discussion of the current criticisms and debates that surround the organization. The work moves on to discuss the position that the ILO takes in our understanding of global governance and seeks to evaluate the impact of emerging issues such as the global economic crisis, and critically examines the future direction of the organization. This fresh and accessible account of the International Labour Organization provides an excellent understanding of its purpose and structure and will be of interest to all students of international politics, international organizations and international political economy.

The Shape of the World to Come

Charting the Geopolitics of a New Century

Author: Laurent Cohen-Tanugi

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231517904

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 4932

Contrary to an optimistic vision of a world "flattened" by the virtues of globalization, the sustainability and positive outcomes of economic and political homogenization are far from guaranteed. For better and for worse, globalization has become the most powerful force shaping the world's geopolitical landscape, whether it has meant integration or fragmentation, peace or war. The future partly depends on how new economic giants such as China, India, and others make use of their power. It also depends on how well Western democracies can preserve their tenuous hold on leadership, cohesion, and the pursuit of the common good. Offering the most comprehensive analysis of world politics to date, Laurent Cohen-Tanugi takes on globalization's cheerleaders and detractors, who, in their narrow focus, have failed to recognize the full extent to which globalization has become a geopolitical phenomenon. Offering an interpretative framework for thought and action, Cohen-Tanugi suggests how we should approach our new "multipolar" world a world that is anything but the balanced and harmonious system many welcomed as a desirable alternative to the "American Empire." Cohen-Tanugi's point is not that the major trends of economic globalization, technological revolution, regional integration, and democratic progress are no longer at work. His argument is that economic globalization exists in a complex dialectic with the traditional geopolitics it has, ironically, helped to revive. This tension has created an ambivalent world that requires democracies to operate in two realms: the realm of economic integration and multilateralism or peaceful, astrategic, "postmodern" internationalism and the more traditional, even regressive realm of confrontation between national and regional strategies of power fought against a background of terrorism, civil wars, and nuclear proliferation.

Wo liegt die "Humanitäre Schweiz"?

Eine Spurensuche in 10 Episoden

Author: Miriam Baumeister,Thomas Brückner,Patrick Sonnack

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3593509571

Category:

Page: 241

View: 3504

Die Schweiz rühmt sich gern mit ihrer humanitären Tradition. Doch diese Meistererzählung verhaftet oft noch an altbekannten Zeugnissen: Sie erzählen über die Hilfe in den Weltkriegen und das großzügige Schweizer Spendenverhalten, sie verweisen auf die langjährigen Aktivitäten Schweizer humanitärer Institutionen. Was fehlt, sind neue Perspektiven auf das humanitäre Handeln der Schweizerinnen und Schweizer in transnationalen Kontexten, die die Rede von einer "humanitären Tradition" erst resonanzfähig machen. Gibt es Muster des Helfens? Wem dient die Rede von einer "humanitären Tradition" der Schweiz? Eingeteilt in fünf Epochen vom 19. Jahrhundert bis heute, geht dieses Buch der Genese der humanitären Hilfe der Schweiz nach. Dabei lässt es Historiker mit Autorinnen und Autoren in einen Dialog treten, die ausserhalb der Geschichtswissenschaft stehen.

Citizenship and Participation in the Information Age

Author: Manjunath Pendakur,Roma M. Harris

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1551930358

Category: Political Science

Page: 441

View: 4007

This book reflects each contributor's vision of the future, visions that range from the enthusiastic and hopeful to the pessimistic and fearful.

Global Poverty

How Global Governance is Failing the Poor

Author: David Hulme

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 2399

Around 1.4 billion people presently live in extreme poverty, and yet despite this vast scale, the issue of global poverty had a relatively low international profile until the end of the 20th century. In this important new work, Hulme charts the rise of global poverty as a priority global issue, and its subsequent marginalisation as old themes edged it aside (trade policy and peace-making in regions of geo-political importance) and new issues were added (terrorism, global climate change and access to natural resources). Providing a concise and detailed overview of both the history and the current debates that surround this key issue, the book: outlines how the notion of global poverty eradication has evolved evaluates the institutional landscape and its ability to attack global poverty analyses the conceptual and technical frameworks that lie behind the contemporary understanding of global poverty (including human development, dollar a day poverty and results-based management) explores the roles that major institutions have played in promoting and/or obstructing the advancement of actions to reduce poverty discusses the emerging issues that are re-shaping thinking, and the future prospects for global poverty eradication The first book to tackle the issue of global poverty through the lens of global institutions; this volume provides an important resource for all students and scholars of international relations, development studies and international political economy.

Shaping India's New Destiny

Author: Jagmohan

Publisher: Allied Publishers

ISBN: 9788184243307

Category: India

Page: 360

View: 8937

In this book, the author, in the backdrop of his vast and varied experience, looks at the major challenges confronting the country after about six decades of her 'tryst with destiny'. The analysis done indicates how these challenges have arisen, how deep-rooted infirmities of the Indian state and society have remained untackled, how a leadership with a great vision and will has not emerged at various levels of public life and how the current culture of superficiality has prevented the nation from perceiving the dangers that lie ahead. But the book is not restricted to analysis alone. Nor does it limit itself to viewing the fall-out of India's failed 'tryst with destiny'. It offers a new architecture for reshaping this 'destiny' and looking forward to another tryst. Shri Jagmohan, with his characteristic candour, observes: "The light of freedom about which Jawaharlal Nehru spoke so eloquently on the night of August 14-15, 1947, was too weak to pierce through the darkness created by the heaps of garbage which India had collected in her courtyards during the long period of her social and cultural degeneration."

Global Community

The Role of International Organizations in the Making of the Contemporary World

Author: Akira Iriye

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520231276

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 6373

The author introduces readers to the philosophical underpinnings of the "global community," while illuminating the international institutions that made such a community possible in the real world. (Politics & Government)

Humanitarian Occupation

Author: Gregory H . Fox

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139469738

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8495

This book analyzes a new phenomenon in international law: international organizations assuming the powers of a national government in order to reform political institutions. After reviewing the history of internationalized territories, this book asks two questions about these 'humanitarian occupations'. First, why did they occur? The book argues that the missions were part of a larger trend in international law to maintain existing states and their populations. The only way this could occur in these territories, which had all seen violent internal conflict, was for international administrators to take charge. Second, what is the legal justification for the missions? The book examines each of the existing justifications and finds them wanting. A new foundation is needed, one that takes account of the missions' authorisation by the UN Security Council and their pursuit of goals widely supported in the international community.

Global Governance

Author: Helmut Willke

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 9783899424577

Category: Globalization

Page: 150

View: 6393

World Politics

Trend and Transformation

Author: Charles W. Kegley

Publisher: Cengage Learning EMEA

ISBN: 9780495565451

Category: International relations

Page: 636

View: 6883

The leading text in international relations is getting even better. Thoroughly revised and reorganized, the 12th edition of WORLD POLITICS: TREND AND TRANSFORMATION presents the most comprehensive coverage of any text. It uses key concepts from major theoretical traditions to analyze both historical and contemporary developments in international relations including such topics as war, terrorism, human rights, the environment, and international development, while emphasizing an institutional approach to resolving international conflict. Author Charles W. Kegley presents the latest material in a thought-provoking way while preparing you to critically assess the problems, payoffs, pitfalls, and paradoxes of choices about the global future and its probable impact on your life after graduation.