Sheaves on Manifolds

With a Short History. «Les débuts de la théorie des faisceaux». By Christian Houzel

Author: Masaki Kashiwara,Pierre Schapira

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662026619

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 7643

Sheaf Theory is modern, active field of mathematics at the intersection of algebraic topology, algebraic geometry and partial differential equations. This volume offers a comprehensive and self-contained treatment of Sheaf Theory from the basis up, with emphasis on the microlocal point of view. From the reviews: "Clearly and precisely written, and contains many interesting ideas: it describes a whole, largely new branch of mathematics." –Bulletin of the L.M.S.

Weil Conjectures, Perverse Sheaves and l’adic Fourier Transform

Author: Reinhardt Kiehl,Rainer Weissauer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662045761

Category: Mathematics

Page: 375

View: 8291

The authors describe the important generalization of the original Weil conjectures, as given by P. Deligne in his fundamental paper "La conjecture de Weil II". The authors follow the important and beautiful methods of Laumon and Brylinski which lead to a simplification of Deligne's theory. Deligne's work is closely related to the sheaf theoretic theory of perverse sheaves. In this framework Deligne's results on global weights and his notion of purity of complexes obtain a satisfactory and final form. Therefore the authors include the complete theory of middle perverse sheaves. In this part, the l-adic Fourier transform is introduced as a technique providing natural and simple proofs. To round things off, there are three chapters with significant applications of these theories.

Categories and Sheaves

Author: Masaki Kashiwara,Pierre Schapira

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540279504

Category: Mathematics

Page: 498

View: 4912

Categories and sheaves appear almost frequently in contemporary advanced mathematics. This book covers categories, homological algebra and sheaves in a systematic manner starting from scratch and continuing with full proofs to the most recent results in the literature, and sometimes beyond. The authors present the general theory of categories and functors, emphasizing inductive and projective limits, tensor categories, representable functors, ind-objects and localization.

D-Modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory

Author: Ryoshi Hotta,Toshiyuki Tanisaki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 081764363X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 412

View: 1449

D-modules continues to be an active area of stimulating research in such mathematical areas as algebraic, analysis, differential equations, and representation theory. Key to D-modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory is the authors' essential algebraic-analytic approach to the theory, which connects D-modules to representation theory and other areas of mathematics. To further aid the reader, and to make the work as self-contained as possible, appendices are provided as background for the theory of derived categories and algebraic varieties. The book is intended to serve graduate students in a classroom setting and as self-study for researchers in algebraic geometry, representation theory.

Compact Complex Surfaces

Author: W. Barth,K. Hulek,Chris Peters,A.van de Ven

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642577393

Category: Mathematics

Page: 436

View: 7953

In the 19 years which passed since the first edition was published, several important developments have taken place in the theory of surfaces. The most sensational one concerns the differentiable structure of surfaces. Twenty years ago very little was known about differentiable structures on 4-manifolds, but in the meantime Donaldson on the one hand and Seiberg and Witten on the other hand, have found, inspired by gauge theory, totally new invariants. Strikingly, together with the theory explained in this book these invariants yield a wealth of new results about the differentiable structure of algebraic surfaces. Other developments include the systematic use of nef-divisors (in ac cordance with the progress made in the classification of higher dimensional algebraic varieties), a better understanding of Kahler structures on surfaces, and Reider's new approach to adjoint mappings. All these developments have been incorporated in the present edition, though the Donaldson and Seiberg-Witten theory only by way of examples. Of course we use the opportunity to correct some minor mistakes, which we ether have discovered ourselves or which were communicated to us by careful readers to whom we are much obliged.

A Guide to Quantum Groups

Author: Vyjayanthi Chari,Andrew N. Pressley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521558846

Category: Mathematics

Page: 651

View: 6559

Since they first arose in the 1970s and early 1980s, quantum groups have proved to be of great interest to mathematicians and theoretical physicists. This book gives a comprehensive view of quantum groups and their applications. The authors build on a self-contained account of the foundations of the subject and go on to treat the more advanced aspects concisely and with detailed references to the literature. Researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics will enjoy this book.

Using the Mathematics Literature

Author: Kristine K. Fowler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824750350

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 475

View: 8922

This reference serves as a reader-friendly guide to every basic tool and skill required in the mathematical library and helps mathematicians find resources in any format in the mathematics literature. It lists a wide range of standard texts, journals, review articles, newsgroups, and Internet and database tools for every major subfield in mathematics and details methods of access to primary literature sources of new research, applications, results, and techniques. Using the Mathematics Literature is the most comprehensive and up-to-date resource on mathematics literature in both print and electronic formats, presenting time-saving strategies for retrieval of the latest information.

Sheaves in Topology

Author: Alexandru Dimca

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642188680

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 5647

Constructible and perverse sheaves are the algebraic counterpart of the decomposition of a singular space into smooth manifolds. This introduction to the subject can be regarded as a textbook on modern algebraic topology, treating the cohomology of spaces with sheaf (as opposed to constant) coefficients. The author helps readers progress quickly from the basic theory to current research questions, thoroughly supported along the way by examples and exercises.

Sheaves on Manifolds

Author: Masaki Kashiwara,Pierre Schapira

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783662026625


Page: 528

View: 3410

Fourier-Mukai Transforms in Algebraic Geometry

Author: Daniel Huybrechts

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199296863

Category: Mathematics

Page: 307

View: 3122

This work is based on a course given at the Institut de Mathematiques de Jussieu, on the derived category of coherent sheaves on a smooth projective variety. It is aimed at students with a basic knowledge of algebraic geometry and contains full proofs and exercises that aid the reader.

Principles of Algebraic Geometry

Author: Phillip Griffiths,Joseph Harris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111862632X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 832

View: 8841

A comprehensive, self-contained treatment presenting general results of the theory. Establishes a geometric intuition and a working facility with specific geometric practices. Emphasizes applications through the study of interesting examples and the development of computational tools. Coverage ranges from analytic to geometric. Treats basic techniques and results of complex manifold theory, focusing on results applicable to projective varieties, and includes discussion of the theory of Riemann surfaces and algebraic curves, algebraic surfaces and the quadric line complex as well as special topics in complex manifolds.

Foundations of Algebraic Analysis (PMS-37)

Author: Masaki Kashiwara,Takahiro Kawai,Tatsuo Kimura

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400886090

Category: Mathematics

Page: 268

View: 8989

The use of algebraic methods for studying analysts is an important theme in modern mathematics. The most significant development in this field is microlocal analysis, that is, the local study of differential equations on cotangent bundles. This treatise provides a thorough description of microlocal analysis starting from its foundations. The book begins with the definition of a hyperfunction. It then carefully develops the microfunction theory and its applications to differential equations and theoretical physics. It also provides a description of microdifferential equations, the microlocalization of linear differential equations. Finally, the authors present the structure theorems for systems of microdifferential equations, where the quantized contact transformations are used as a fundamental device. The microfunction theory, together with the quantized contact transformation theory, constitutes a valuable new viewpoint in linear partial differential equations. Originally published in 1986. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Rational Homotopy Theory and Differential Forms

Author: Phillip Griffiths,John Morgan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461484685

Category: Mathematics

Page: 227

View: 6750

This completely revised and corrected version of the well-known Florence notes circulated by the authors together with E. Friedlander examines basic topology, emphasizing homotopy theory. Included is a discussion of Postnikov towers and rational homotopy theory. This is then followed by an in-depth look at differential forms and de Tham’s theorem on simplicial complexes. In addition, Sullivan’s results on computing the rational homotopy type from forms is presented. New to the Second Edition: *Fully-revised appendices including an expanded discussion of the Hirsch lemma *Presentation of a natural proof of a Serre spectral sequence result *Updated content throughout the book, reflecting advances in the area of homotopy theory With its modern approach and timely revisions, this second edition of Rational Homotopy Theory and Differential Forms will be a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in algebraic topology, differential forms, and homotopy theory.

Theory of Stein Spaces

Author: H. Grauert,R. Remmert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475743572

Category: Mathematics

Page: 252

View: 8847

1. The classical theorem of Mittag-Leffler was generalized to the case of several complex variables by Cousin in 1895. In its one variable version this says that, if one prescribes the principal parts of a merom orphic function on a domain in the complex plane e, then there exists a meromorphic function defined on that domain having exactly those principal parts. Cousin and subsequent authors could only prove the analogous theorem in several variables for certain types of domains (e. g. product domains where each factor is a domain in the complex plane). In fact it turned out that this problem can not be solved on an arbitrary domain in em, m ~ 2. The best known example for this is a "notched" bicylinder in 2 2 e . This is obtained by removing the set { (z , z ) E e 11 z I ~ !, I z 1 ~ !}, from 1 2 1 2 2 the unit bicylinder, ~ :={(z , z ) E e llz1

Cohomology of Sheaves

Author: Birger Iversen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642827837

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

View: 2422

This text exposes the basic features of cohomology of sheaves and its applications. The general theory of sheaves is very limited and no essential result is obtainable without turn ing to particular classes of topological spaces. The most satis factory general class is that of locally compact spaces and it is the study of such spaces which occupies the central part of this text. The fundamental concepts in the study of locally compact spaces is cohomology with compact support and a particular class of sheaves,the so-called soft sheaves. This class plays a double role as the basic vehicle for the internal theory and is the key to applications in analysis. The basic example of a soft sheaf is the sheaf of smooth functions on ~n or more generally on any smooth manifold. A rather large effort has been made to demon strate the relevance of sheaf theory in even the most elementary analysis. This process has been reversed in order to base the fundamental calculations in sheaf theory on elementary analysis.

Galois Theory of Linear Differential Equations

Author: Marius van der Put,Michael F. Singer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642557503

Category: Mathematics

Page: 438

View: 7990

From the reviews: "This is a great book, which will hopefully become a classic in the subject of differential Galois theory. [...] the specialist, as well as the novice, have long been missing an introductory book covering also specific and advanced research topics. This gap is filled by the volume under review, and more than satisfactorily." Mathematical Reviews

Compact Riemann Surfaces

An Introduction to Contemporary Mathematics

Author: Jürgen Jost

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662034468

Category: Mathematics

Page: 295

View: 5510

This book is novel in its broad perspective on Riemann surfaces: the text systematically explores the connection with other fields of mathematics. The book can serve as an introduction to contemporary mathematics as a whole, as it develops background material from algebraic topology, differential geometry, the calculus of variations, elliptic PDE, and algebraic geometry. The book is unique among textbooks on Riemann surfaces in its inclusion of an introduction to Teichmüller theory. For this new edition, the author has expanded and rewritten several sections to include additional material and to improve the presentation.

Equivariant Sheaves and Functors

Author: Joseph Bernstein,Valery Lunts

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540484302

Category: Mathematics

Page: 146

View: 6025

The equivariant derived category of sheaves is introduced. All usual functors on sheaves are extended to the equivariant situation. Some applications to the equivariant intersection cohomology are given. The theory may be useful to specialists in representation theory, algebraic geometry or topology.