Shipsheds of the Ancient Mediterranean

Author: David Blackman,Boris Rankov,Kalliopi Baika,Henrik Gerding,Jari Pakkanen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107001331

Category: History

Page: 617

View: 8797

This is the first detailed and comprehensive study of the shipshed complexes which housed the great navies of the Greco-Roman world, including Athens and Carthage. These complexes represented some of the largest and most expensive building projects of antiquity, and the volume provides a comprehensive survey of the archaeological and literary evidence. It explains how the buildings were carefully designed to keep warships dry and out of reach of shipworm, whilst enabling them to be launched quickly, easily and safely when required. It also serves as a handbook for archaeologists who may excavate such buildings, which are often difficult to identify and interpret. The analytical chapters are complemented by a full and detailed catalogue of known sheds, with plans for all the major sites specially drawn for easy comparison. The book thus provides an indispensable guide for all those interested in these buildings and in the maritime infrastructure of the ancient world.

Shipsheds of the Ancient Mediterranean

Author: David Blackman,Boris Rankov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108465427

Category: Social Science

Page: 619

View: 387

This is the first detailed and comprehensive study of the shipshed complexes which housed the great navies of the Greco-Roman world, including Athens and Carthage. These complexes represented some of the largest and most expensive building projects of antiquity, and the volume provides a comprehensive survey of the archaeological and literary evidence. It explains how the buildings were carefully designed to keep warships dry and out of reach of shipworm, whilst enabling them to be launched quickly, easily and safely when required. It also serves as a handbook for archaeologists who may excavate such buildings, which are often difficult to identify and interpret. The analytical chapters are complemented by a full and detailed catalogue of known sheds, with plans for all the major sites specially drawn for easy comparison. The book thus provides an indispensable guide for all those interested in these buildings and in the maritime infrastructure of the ancient world.

Boats, Ships and Shipyards

Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Venice 2000

Author: Carlo Beltrame

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1785704621

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 8377

From sewn planked boats in Early Dynastic Egypt to Late Roman wrecks in Italy, and the design of Venetian Merchant Galleys, this huge volume gathers together fifty-three papers presenting new research on the archaeology and history of ancient ships and shipbuilding traditions. The papers have been grouped into several thematic sections, including: ships of the Mediterranean; the reconstruction of ancient ships, from life-size reconstructions to computer models; the study of shipyards, shipsheds and slipways of the Mediterranean and Europe; Venetian Galleys of the 15th and 16th centuries; and North European medieval and post -medieval ships. These papers which were presented at the Ninth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology (ISBSA), held in Venice 2000. Carlo Beltrame is a free-lance archaeologist and contract professor of Maritime archaeology at Università Ca' Foscari of Venice and of Naval archaeology at Universita della Tuscia of Viterbo. He specialises in the archaeology of ship-construction from antiquity until the Renaissance period and methodology in maritime archaeology.

The Age of Titans

The Rise and Fall of the Great Hellenistic Navies

Author: William M. Murray

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199912785

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 8126

While we know a great deal about naval strategies in the classical Greek and later Roman periods, our understanding of the period in between--the Hellenistic Age--has never been as complete. However, thanks to new physical evidence discovered in the past half-century and the construction of Olympias, a full-scale working model of an Athenian trieres (trireme) by the Hellenic Navy during the 1980s, we now have new insights into the evolution of naval warfare following the death of Alexander the Great. In what has been described as an ancient naval arms race, the successors of Alexander produced the largest warships of antiquity, some as long as 400 feet carrying as many as 4000 rowers and 3000 marines. Vast, impressive, and elaborate, these warships "of larger form"--as described by Livy--were built not just to simply convey power but to secure specific strategic objectives. When these particular factors disappeared, this "Macedonian" model of naval power also faded away--that is, until Cleopatra and Mark Antony made one brief, extravagant attempt to reestablish it, an endeavor Octavian put an end to once and for all at the battle of Actium. Representing the fruits of more than thirty years of research, The Age of Titans provides the most vibrant account to date of Hellenistic naval warfare.

Triumphs in the Age of Civil War

The Late Republic and the Adaptability of Triumphal Tradition

Author: Carsten Hjort Lange

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474267858

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 5346

Many of the wars of the Late Republic were largely civil conflicts. There was, therefore, a tension between the traditional expectation that triumphs should be celebrated for victories over foreign enemies and the need of the great commanders to give full expression to their prestige and charisma, and to legitimize their power. Triumphs in the Age of Civil War rethinks the nature and the character of the phenomenon of civil war during the Late Republic. At the same time it focuses on a key feature of the Roman socio-political order, the triumph, and argues that a commander could in practice expect to triumph after a civil war victory if it could also be represented as being over a foreign enemy, even if the principal opponent was clearly Roman. Significantly, the civil aspect of the war did not have to be denied. Carsten Hjort Lange provides the first study to consider the Roman triumph during the age of civil war, and argues that the idea of civil war as "normal" reflects the way civil war permeated the politics and society of the Late Roman Republic.

Ostia in Late Antiquity

Author: Douglas Boin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107024013

Category: History

Page: 287

View: 1216

Ostia in Late Antiquity is the first book to narrate the life of Ostia Antica, Rome's ancient harbor, during the later empire.

The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Rome

Author: Paul Erdkamp

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521896290

Category: History

Page: 625

View: 2662

Rome was the largest city in the ancient world. As the capital of the Roman Empire, it was clearly an exceptional city in terms of size, diversity and complexity. While the Colosseum, imperial palaces and Pantheon are among its most famous features, this volume explores Rome primarily as a city in which many thousands of men and women were born, lived and died. The thirty-one chapters by leading historians, classicists and archaeologists discuss issues ranging from the monuments and the games to the food and water supply, from policing and riots to domestic housing, from death and disease to pagan cults and the impact of Christianity. Richly illustrated, the volume introduces groundbreaking new research against the background of current debates and is designed as a readable survey accessible in particular to undergraduates and non-specialists.

The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World

Author: Brian Campbell,Lawrence A. Tritle

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199333807

Category: History

Page: 840

View: 6362

This Handbook gathers 38 leading historians to describe, analyze, and interpret warfare and its effects in classical Greece and Rome.

The Rise of the Roman Empire

Author: Polybius

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141920505

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 2581

The Greek statesman Polybius (c.200–118 BC) wrote his account of the relentless growth of the Roman Empire in order to help his fellow countrymen understand how their world came to be dominated by Rome. Opening with the Punic War in 264 BC, he vividly records the critical stages of Roman expansion: its campaigns throughout the Mediterranean, the temporary setbacks inflicted by Hannibal and the final destruction of Carthage. An active participant of the politics of his time as well as a friend of many prominent Roman citizens, Polybius drew on many eyewitness accounts in writing this cornerstone work of history.

Maritime Networks in the Mycenaean World

Author: Thomas F. Tartaron

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107002982

Category: Art

Page: 341

View: 3381

In this book, Thomas F. Tartaron presents a new and original reassessment of the maritime world of the Mycenaean Greeks of the Late Bronze Age. By all accounts a seafaring people, they enjoyed maritime connections with peoples as distant as Egypt and Sicily. These long-distance relations have been celebrated and much studied; by contrast, the vibrant worlds of local maritime interaction and exploitation of the sea have been virtually ignored. Dr. Tartaron argues that local maritime networks, in the form of "coastscapes" and "small worlds," are far more representative of the true fabric of Mycenaean life. He offers a complete template of conceptual and methodological tools for recovering small worlds and the communities that inhabited them. Combining archaeological, geoarchaeological, and anthropological approaches with ancient texts and network theory, he demonstrates the application of this scheme in several case studies. This book presents new perspectives and challenges for all archaeologists with interests in maritime connectivity.

Rome's Economic Revolution

Author: Philip Kay

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199681546

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 7497

Kay examines the economic change in Rome between the Second Punic War and the middle of the first century BC. He focuses on how the increased inflow of bullion and expansion of the availability of credit resulted in real per capita economic growth in the Italian peninsula, radically changing the composition and scale of the Roman economy.

The Maritime World of Ancient Rome

Proceedings of "The Maritime World of Ancient Rome" Conference Held at the American Academy in Rome, 27-29 March 2003

Author: Robert L. Hohlfelder

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472115815

Category: History

Page: 341

View: 7791

With contributions from scholars from around the world, this volume builds upon the American Academy in Rome's first volume on Rome's maritime life, "The Seaborne Commerce of Ancient Rome: Studies in Archaeology and History".

The Athenian Trireme

The History and Reconstruction of an Ancient Greek Warship

Author: J. S. Morrison,J. F. Coates,N. B. Rankov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521564564

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 4740

New edition of the technical and historical background to the reconstruction of a Greek warship.

The Praetorian Guard

Author: Boris Rankov

Publisher: Osprey Publishing

ISBN: 9781855323612

Category: History

Page: 64

View: 4499

The Praetorian Guard of Imperial Rome was the power behind the throne, with the ability to make or break an emperor. As the main body of troops in Rome, they were the emperor's instrument to discourage plotting and rebellion and to crush unrest. The emperor's most immediate line of defence, they could also be his most deadly enemies. This book details the organization, dress and history of the Praetorian Guard from the time of the late Republic to the Guard's effective destruction at the battle of Milvian Bridge in AD 312. Numerous illustrations vividly depict the uniforms and weaponry of this elite fighting unit.

Under the Mediterranean

Marine Antiquities

Author: Honor Frost

Publisher: London, Routledge and K. Paul 1963

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: 278

View: 5399

The Piraeus

From the Fifth to the First Century BC

Author: Robert Garland

Publisher: Bristol Classical Press

ISBN: 9781853996221

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 288

View: 1450

The Piraeus was one of the largest and most impressive ancient ports in the Mediterranean. During the fifth century BC it was laid out on a grid pattern by the urban planner Hippodamos and linked by the Long Walls with the city of Athens, some 8km away. It served as headquarters for the Athenian navy during the time of Athens' Aegean empire. Its emporion or commercial sector handled the bulk of Athenian imports, especially the grain on which the Athenians were wholly dependent. In conventional histories the story of the Piraeus is mostly hidden amidst material centred almost exclusively on Athens herself. Here Garland treats the Piraeus in its own right as an integral yet idiosyncratic component of Attika - one which exercised a decisive influence on Athenian history: its demographic profile linked it indissolubly with radical democracy; its Long Walls enabled Athenian leaders to pursue a policy which abandoned the Attic countryside in favour of a predominantly maritime strategy; later its Macedonian garrison could exercise control over Athens by threatening to cut off her essential imports.Garland analyses the demography of the Piraeus, its separate administrative organisation, its crucial economic and commercial importance, its key strategic and naval role, and its distinctive religious identity. He also traces the layout of the ancient town which lies largely buried beneath its no less vital modern successor.

Ancient Empires of the Eastern Mediterranean

Author: Ronald Joseph Tocchini

Publisher: Trafford Publishing

ISBN: 1490751009

Category: Nature

Page: 48

View: 4379

The action began in Venice, Italy, in August of 2013. Sailing southward along the Adriatic, we headed for the Ionian Sea. Our first stop was Olympia, Greece, site of the original Olympic Games. After spending a day there, we left for Athens, city of Gods. We docked at Piraeus, Athenss port, and we visited the Ancient Metropolis. Next, we sailed for Istanbul, Turkey. What a sight to behold! After having been transported in antiquity at Olympia and Athens, the skyscrapers, mansions, and chic restaurants of the Turkish City begged our attention. We marveled at its views while riding the ferry along the Bosphorous Sea. There was so much to see and do in Istanbul that we spent two full days there. Afterward, we visited the islands of Santorini and Lesvos before returning to Athens.

The Dance of the Islands

Insularity, Networks, the Athenian Empire, and the Aegean World

Author: Christy Constantakopoulou

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191615455

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 348

View: 4203

Christy Constantakopoulou examines the history of the Aegean islands and changing concepts of insularity, with particular emphasis on the fifth century BC. Islands are a prominent feature of the Aegean landscape, and this inevitably created a variety of different (and sometimes contradictory) perceptions of insularity in classical Greek thought. Geographic analysis of insularity emphasizes the interplay between island isolation and island interaction, but the predominance of islands in the Aegean sea made island isolation almost impossible. Rather, island connectivity was an important feature of the history of the Aegean and was expressed on many levels. Constantakopoulou investigates island interaction in two prominent areas, religion and imperial politics, examining both the religious networks located on islands in the ancient Greek world and the impact of imperial politics on the Aegean islands during the fifth century.

Building for Eternity

the History and Technology of Roman Concrete Engineering in the Sea

Author: C.J. Brandon,R.L. Hohlfelder,M.D. Jackson,J.P. Oleson

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782974237

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 9404

One marker of the majesty of ancient Rome is its surviving architectural legacy, the stunning remains of which are scattered throughout the circum-Mediterranean landscape. Surprisingly, one truly remarkable aspect of this heritage remains relatively unknown. There exists beneath the waters of the Mediterranean the physical remnants of a vast maritime infrastructure that sustained and connected the western worldÕs first global empire and economy. The key to this incredible accomplishment and to the survival of structures in the hostile environment of the sea for two thousand years was maritime concrete, a building material invented and then employed by Roman builders on a grand scale to construct harbor installations anywhere they were needed, rather than only in locations with advantageous geography or topography. This book explains how the Romans built so successfully in the sea with their new invention. The story is a stimulating mix of archaeological, geological, historical and chemical research, with relevance to both ancient and modern technology. It also breaks new ground in bridging the gap between science and the humanities by integrating analytical materials science, history, and archaeology, along with underwater exploration. The book will be of interest to anyone interested in Roman architecture and engineering, and it will hold special interest for geologists and mineralogists studying the material characteristics of pyroclastic volcanic rocks and their alteration in seawater brines. The demonstrable durability and longevity of Roman maritime concrete structures may be of special interest to engineers working on cementing materials appropriate for the long-term storage of hazardous substances such as radioactive waste. A pioneering methodology was used to bore into maritime structures both on land and in the sea to collect concrete cores for testing in the research laboratories of the CTG Italcementi Group, a leading cement producer in Italy, the University of Berkeley, and elsewhere. The resulting mechanical, chemical and physical analysis of 36 concrete samples taken from 11 sites in Italy and the eastern Mediterranean have helped fill many gaps in our knowledge of how the Romans built in the sea. To gain even more knowledge of the ancient maritime technology, the directors of the Roman Maritime Concrete Study (ROMACONS) engaged in an ambitious and unique experimental archaeological project Ð the construction underwater of a reproduction of a Roman concrete pier or pila. The same raw materials and tools available to the ancient builders were employed to produce a reproduction concrete structure that appears to be remarkably similar to the ancient one studied during ROMACONÕs fieldwork between 2002-2009. This volume reveals a remarkable and unique archaeological project that highlights the synergy that now exists between the humanities and science in our continuing efforts to understand the past. It will quickly become a standard research tool for all interested in Roman building both in the sea and on land, and in the history and chemistry of marine concrete. The authors also hope that the data and observations it presents will stimulate further research by scholars and students into related topics, since we have so much more to learn in the years ahead.

Proceedings of the Danish Institute at Athens V

Author: Erik Hallagher,Jesper Tae Jensen

Publisher: Danish Institute at Athens

ISBN: 9788772887258

Category: History

Page: 212

View: 7603

Contents: Domestic Space in the Geometric Cyclades; Archaeological field work in ancient Kalydon; The Zea Habour Project 2001-06; A fresh approach to the problems of the Parthenon Frieze; The cult and political background of the Knidian Aphrodite; Sight, object, space. The notion of landscape in antiquity as a functional or an aesthetic category.