Skills Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Richard K. Johanson,Arvil V. Adams

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821356807

Category: Education

Page: 245

View: 8620

This publication reviews recent developments within technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in sub-Saharan Africa, as well as future challenges in skills development in the region. Based upon 70 case studies covering 20 countries, it provides a good starting point for the development of country policies and programmes, of relevance to other African regions as well as countries in other regions facing similar challenges. Issues discussed include: the labour market context, reform of public training programmes, regulation of non-government training institutions, enterprise-based training, building skills for the informal economy, balancing cost-effectiveness with growth and equity, and financing.

Improving Skills Development in the Informal Sector

Strategies for Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Arvil V. Adams,Sara Johansson de Silva,Setareh Razmara

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821399691

Category: Education

Page: 292

View: 7478

This book uses household surveys in five countries of Sub-Saharan Africa to describe employment off the farm in the region s growing informal sector and assesses how different forms of education and training, including apprenticeships, influence choices in employment and earnings.

The Skills Balancing Act in Sub-Saharan Africa

Investing in Skills for Productivity, Inclusion, and Adaptability

Author: Omar Arias,Indhira Santos,David K. Evans

Publisher: Africa Development Forum

ISBN: 9781464811494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 7945

The Skills Balancing Act in Sub-Saharan Africa

Tourism and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Current issues and local realities

Author: Marina Novelli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135086338

Category: Travel

Page: 236

View: 4469

Over the past 20 years, the perception of tourism as an effective contributor to socio-economic development in the developing world has propagated, with many viewing tourism as a provider for poverty alleviation and towards other UN Millennium Development Goals. Over the same period, readers have become familiar with the paradoxes, complexities and inequalities of tourism in relation to development, wealth creation, growth, redistribution, governance and ‘hosts-guests’ relationships. This volume further extends this critical debate with a much-needed cohesive publication on Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA). In an era of fluctuating tourist arrivals at global level, the growth of tourism in SSA requires deeper consideration in terms of its inconsistent and questionable implications at local level. Taking as a central theme the debate on whether tourism should be used in development efforts, this book examines the way in which tourism has controversially become the way forward to development in several SSA locations and assesses bottlenecks to sustainable development as well as dilemmas and challenges faced by those SSA destinations seeking to achieve development through tourism. It offers an explicit set of chapters adopting a multi-disciplinary approach, drawing upon tourism studies, human geography, sociology, anthropology, political economy, development and environmental studies, and integrates case studies authored by local African practitioners and academics to produce a book that gave voice to local experts on local realities. Combining an overview of key theories, concepts, contemporary issues and debates as well as practical insights from a wide range of regions in SSA, this book will be a valuable resource for those investigating the role of tourism in development.

Continuing Professional Teacher Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Improving Teaching and Learning

Author: Yusuf Sayed

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 147427790X

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 9910

Continuing Professional Teacher Development in Sub-Saharan Africa explores the prospects that the on-going continuous professional development (CPD) of teachers working in schools offers for meaningful change, particularly towards improving the quality of educational provision for the majority of the continent's children. By reflecting on teacher professional development efforts and their place in broader education reforms, the book highlights the challenges of teacher CPD in these education contexts - contexts strongly shaped by endemic poverty, under-development and social upheaval. The collection draws together examples of innovation and resilience, and the valuing of teachers as critical role players, enabled and empowered through their on-going development as education professionals. The first part of the book contextualises the CPD of teachers in Africa, providing a conceptual framework for a selection of case studies into CPD provision in sub-Saharan countries. Each case study explores a particular area of concern where CPD features as a key strategy towards addressing the challenge with each chapter including a critical assessment of the nature, form and aim of the particular initiative considered; its conceptualisation and design; as well as critical issues that have or are emerged through the process of implementation. The contributors reflect on the future possibilities the initiatives and their potential value for strengthening and improving education in similar contexts. Drawing together a wealth of experience, the volume identifies the policy and research implications for the future of CPD across the continent, providing important lessons that can be integrated into a post-2015 development agenda for Africa.

Financing Vocational Training in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Adrian Ziderman

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821354612

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 187

View: 2186

For developing countries, vocational training is a vital component of the drive to enhance productivity, stimulate economic competitiveness, and lift people out of poverty. However, training provision in many countries is underfinanced and fragmented, and traditional state-funded training programs are proving inadequate to the task. Financing Vocational Training in Sub-Saharan Africa emphasizes the central role that financing strategies should play in enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of training systems as a whole, through incentives, greater competition, and the integration of private and public provision. This book describes the emerging consensus about best practice in the financing of training, drawing on experience in Latin America and Asia, and testing this consensus against findings from Sub-Saharan Africa. It sets out the case for financing interventions by governments and scrutinizes the role, and effectiveness, of national training agencies, payroll levies, and alternative transfer mechanisms for institutional funding. This discussion draws on lessons from the experience of Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. The book will be of particular interest to policymakers and practitioners of vocational training in developing countries, to development policy analysts, and to students and scholars of education and training systems worldwide.

Africa's Future, Africa's Challenge

Early Childhood Care and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Marito H. Garcia,Alan Pence,Judith Evans

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821368879

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 556

View: 8825

Early childhood, from birth through school entry, was largely invisible worldwide as a policy concern for much of the twentieth century. Children, in the eyes of most countries, were 'appendages' of their parents or simply embedded in the larger family structure. The child did not emerge as a separate social entity until school age (typically six or seven). 'Africa's Future, Africa's Challenge: Early Childhood Care and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa' focuses on the 130 million children south of the Sahel in this 0-6 age group. This book, the first of its kind, presents a balanced collection of articles written by African and non-African authors ranging from field practitioners to academicians and from members of government organizations to those of nongovernmental and local organizations. 'Africa's Future, Africa's Challenge' compiles the latest data and viewpoints on the state of Sub-Saharan Africa's children. Topics covered include the rationale for investing in young children, policy trends in early childhood development (ECD), historical perspectives of ECD in Sub-Saharan Africa including indigenous approaches, new threats from HIV/AIDS, and the importance of fathers in children's lives. The book also addresses policy development and ECD implementation issues; presents the ECD programming experience in several countries, highlighting best practices and challenges; and evaluates the impact of ECD programs in a number of countries.

Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Deon Filmer,Louise Fox

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464801088

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 9741

This book focuses on how to improve the quality of jobs and meet the aspirations of youth in Sub-Saharan Africa. It finds that a strong foundation for human capital development can be key to boosting earnings, arguing for a balanced approach that builds skills and demand for labor.

Growth and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Channing Arndt,Andy McKay,Finn Tarp

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019874479X


Page: 496

View: 1770

While the economic growth renaissance in sub-Saharan Africa is widely recognized, much less is known about progress in living conditions. This book comprehensively evaluates trends in living conditions in 16 major sub-Saharan African countries, corresponding to nearly 75% of the total population. It shows how some countries have seen little economic growth and progress for the poor whilst others have made impressive progress in key non-monetary indicators ofwellbeing.

Facing Forward

Schooling for Learning in Africa

Author: Sajitha Bashir,Marlaine Lockheed,Elizabeth Ninan,Jee-Peng Tan

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464812624

Category: Education

Page: 502

View: 9584

While everybody recognizes the development challenges facing Sub-Saharan Africa, few have put together coherent plans that offer real hope for any feasible and general improvement. Facing Forward combines an evidence-based plan that not only recognizes the deep problems but provides specific prescriptions for dealing with the problems. In the simplest version, focus on the skills of the people and do it in a rational and achievable manner. †“ Eric Hanushek, Paul and Jean Hanna Senior Fellow, Hoover Institute, Stanford University This book offers a clear perspective on how to improve learning in basic education in Sub- Saharan Africa, based on extremely rigorous and exhaustive analysis of a large volume of data. The authors shine a light on the low levels of learning and on the contributory factors. They have not hesitated to raise difficult issues, such as the need to implement a consistent policy on the language of instruction, which is essential to ensuring the foundations of learning for all children. Using the framework of “From Science to Service Delivery,†? the book urges policy makers to look at the entire chain from policy design, informed by knowledge adapted to the local context, to implementation. Facing Forward: Schooling for Learning in Africa is a unique addition to the literature that is relevant for African policy makers and stakeholders. †“ Professor Hassana Alidou, Ambassador of the Republic of Niger to the United States and Canada As the continent gears itself up to provide universal basic education to all its children by 2030, it has to squarely address the challenge of how to improve learning. Facing Forward helps countries to benchmark themselves against each other and to identify concrete lines of action. It forces policy makers to think “where do I go from here?†? “what do I do differently?†? and to examine the hierarchy of interventions that can boost learning. It rightly urges Ministries of Education to build capacity through learning by doing and continuous adaptation of new knowledge to the local context. Facing Forward will unleash frank conversations about the profound reforms that are required in education policy and service delivery to ensure learning for every child on the continent. †“ Dr. Fred Matiang’I, Cabinet Secretary for the Interior and Coordination of National Government, Government of Kenya (former Cabinet Secretary for Education) Facing Forward couldn’t have come at a more opportune time as countries in the region, including Mauritius, focus more on learning outcomes rather than simply on inputs and processes in education systems. The book underscores the important point that African countries need not exclusively model themselves on high-performing education systems in the world. Much can as well be learnt from other countries at the same level of development, or lower, by virtue of the challenges they have faced and successfully overcome. This presents opportunities for greater peer-sharing and networking with these countries. Indeed a number of key focus areas are highlighted in the book that demonstrate good practices worthy of being emulated. These cover domains as diverse as enabling factors leading to improved student progression, strengthened teacher capacity, increased budgetary allocation with a focus on quality, as well as improved technical capacity of implementing agencies in the region. †“ Hon. (Mrs.) Leela Devi Dookun-Luchoomun, Minister of Education and Human Resources, Tertiary Education and Scientific Research, Republic of Mauritius

Accelerating Catch-up

Tertiary Education for Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821377396

Category: Education

Page: 180

View: 7533

This book lays out a rationale, provides supporting evidence, and suggests promising pathways for Sub-Saharan Africa to sustain current economic growth by aligning its tertiary education systems with national economic strategies and labor market needs.

Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

A Comparative Analysis

Author: Kirsten Majgaard,Alain Mingat

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821388908

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 8224

Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Comparative Analysis takes stock of education in Sub-Saharan Africa by drawing on the collective knowledge gained through the preparation of Country Status Reports for more than 30 countries.

Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Deon Filmer,Louise Fox

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464801088

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 4812

This book focuses on how to improve the quality of jobs and meet the aspirations of youth in Sub-Saharan Africa. It finds that a strong foundation for human capital development can be key to boosting earnings, arguing for a balanced approach that builds skills and demand for labor.

Revisiting Technical and Vocational Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

An Update on Trends, Innovations and Challenges

Author: David Atchoarena,André Delluc,Adrienne Bird,International Institute for Educational Planning

Publisher: Unesco, International Institute for Educational Planning

ISBN: 9789280312249

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 355

View: 5876

The situation of technical and vocational education varies widely across sub-Saharan countries. Delivery systems are diverse, combining school-based provision with various non-formal training arrangements. Unfortunately, this diversity is also associated with glaring disparities. Nevertheless, emerging common trends can be identified. This book examines these policy trends and the reconstruction of training systems.

Good Growth and Governance in Africa

Rethinking Development Strategies

Author: Akbar Noman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199698562

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 587

View: 5618

This volume examines the history of developmental policy in Sub-Saharan Africa and considers how different policy options might generate sustained economic growth and reduce poverty. It documents and interprets policy lessons and considers how to translate them to particular country contexts.

Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Sustainable Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Robert A. Dibie

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739116531

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 282

View: 3730

Written to provide guidance for civil society organizations and their client groups, this book examines the role of NGOs in the development processes on the African continent. It raises questions about the influence of funding agencies over the NGOs they support and explores the challenges NGOs face. The book argues that increased knowledge and cooperation on all parts is essential to achieve sustainable development. This book also concludes that sustainable development activities are not beneficial to every community in Africa. Taking into consideration globalization and studies of sub-Saharan countries, this book concludes that news models of leadership are necessary for the success of Africa, and NGOs are a vital part of achieving that development.

At the Crossroads

Choices for Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Adriaan Verspoor

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821371142

Category: Education, Secondary

Page: 387

View: 6410

Expanded access to and improved quality of secondary education in Sub-Saharan Africa are key ingredients for economic growth in the region This Secondary Education in Africa (SEIA) synthesis report makes this point by bringing together a significant volume of analytical work sponsored by the World Bank and by many African and international partners. 'At the Crossroads: Choices for Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa' argues the case for broad and equitable access for a basic education cycle of 8 to 10 years, as well as for expanded education and training opportunities. This book provides a timely resource on good practices and potential solutions for developing and sustaining high quality secondary education systems in Africa. It includes the main elements of a roadmap to improve Africa's secondary education systems' response to the demands of growing economies and rapidly changing societies.

Sub-Saharan African Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Research

A Decade of Development

Author: Andreas Blom,George Lan,Mariam Adil

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464807019

Category: Education

Page: 112

View: 5406

This book analyzes Africa's current performance in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) research, as well as future trends. It looks at Africa's research performance over a decade, what it means for the continent's development and how it can benefit the growing number of young people who leave university each year looking for jobs. The book focuses on research output and citation impact, important indicators of the strength of a region's research enterprise. These indicators are correlated with the region's long-term development and important drivers of economic success. Moreover, research is a key ingredient for quality higher education. The research performance of these regions is compared to that of South Africa, Malaysia, and Vietnam; the latter two countries had a comparable research base to the SSA regions at the beginning of the period of analysis.

Youth and Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa

Working but Poor

Author: Hiroyuki Hino,Gustav Ranis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135127913

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 438

View: 8469

It is widely acknowledged that youth unemployment is one of the most critical challenges facing countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. This volume brings together an eminent group of international scholars to analyse the extent and complex nature of this joblessness, and offer a set of evidence-based policy choices that could contribute to solving the problem in the short- and long-run. Part I reviews the existing literature on youth unemployment and underemployment in Sub-Saharan Africa from microeconomic and macroeconomic perspectives, while Part II goes on to present detailed country studies of Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya and South Africa. These studies offer a deep understanding of the situation on the ground and consider country-specific solutions. Throughout the book it is argued that the standard ILO definition of unemployment is too narrow to correctly portray employment situations in Sub-Saharan Africa. Several alternative measures of unemployment are presented, which show that joblessness is far more pervasive than commonly assumed in the literature. This volume will be of interest to academics and policy makers involved in African development.

Curricula, Examinations, and Assessment in Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821373491

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 140

View: 6965

Economic and social changes, fast evolution of technology, and the growing importance of Internet services and international communications--all these require secondary education providers to adapt what is taught and learned in schools. However, in Africa the content of secondary curricula is in most cases ill-adapted to 21st century challenges, where young people are mobile, have access to 'more and instant information,' and face health threats such as HIV/AIDS. In addition, implementation problems exist, and the time for instruction is often much less then what is required by the prescribed secondary curriculum. In Africa there is a need to develop a secondary education curriculum adapted to the local economic and social environment, but with international-comparable performance indicators. This study analyzes that challenge: the quality of curricula and assessment, and their development processes in secondary education in Africa against the background of existing contexts, conditions, and ambitions on the one hand and current pedagogical thinking on the other. This World Bank Working Paper was prepared as part of the Secondary Education and Training in Africa (SEIA) initiative which aims to assist countries to develop sustainable strategies for expansion and quality improvements in secondary education and training.