Skills Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Richard K. Johanson,Arvil V. Adams

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821356807

Category: Education

Page: 245

View: 1267

This publication reviews recent developments within technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in sub-Saharan Africa, as well as future challenges in skills development in the region. Based upon 70 case studies covering 20 countries, it provides a good starting point for the development of country policies and programmes, of relevance to other African regions as well as countries in other regions facing similar challenges. Issues discussed include: the labour market context, reform of public training programmes, regulation of non-government training institutions, enterprise-based training, building skills for the informal economy, balancing cost-effectiveness with growth and equity, and financing.

Improving Skills Development in the Informal Sector

Strategies for Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Arvil V. Adams,Sara Johansson de Silva,Setareh Razmara

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821399691

Category: Education

Page: 292

View: 8984

This book uses household surveys in five countries of Sub-Saharan Africa to describe employment off the farm in the region s growing informal sector and assesses how different forms of education and training, including apprenticeships, influence choices in employment and earnings.

Financing Vocational Training in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Adrian Ziderman

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821354612

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 187

View: 2749

For developing countries, vocational training is a vital component of the drive to enhance productivity, stimulate economic competitiveness, and lift people out of poverty. However, training provision in many countries is underfinanced and fragmented, and traditional state-funded training programs are proving inadequate to the task. Financing Vocational Training in Sub-Saharan Africa emphasizes the central role that financing strategies should play in enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of training systems as a whole, through incentives, greater competition, and the integration of private and public provision. This book describes the emerging consensus about best practice in the financing of training, drawing on experience in Latin America and Asia, and testing this consensus against findings from Sub-Saharan Africa. It sets out the case for financing interventions by governments and scrutinizes the role, and effectiveness, of national training agencies, payroll levies, and alternative transfer mechanisms for institutional funding. This discussion draws on lessons from the experience of Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. The book will be of particular interest to policymakers and practitioners of vocational training in developing countries, to development policy analysts, and to students and scholars of education and training systems worldwide.

Youth and Skills

Putting Education to Work

Author: N.A

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231042408

Category: Education

Page: 465

View: 1256

"Many young people around the world --- especially the disadvantaged --- are leaving school without the skills they need to thrive in society and find decent jobs. As well as thwarting young people's hopes, these education failures are jeopardizing equitable economic growth and social cohesion, and preventing many countries from reaping the potential benefits of their growing youth populations. The 2012 Education for All Global Monitoring Report examines how skills development programmes can be improved to boost young people's opportunities for decent jobs and better lives."--Publisher's description

English and Development

Policy, Pedagogy and Globalization

Author: Elizabeth J. Erling,Philip Seargeant

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1847699480

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 770

This book investigates the relationship between English and personal and national development, as this is both discursively promoted (particularly through language policy) and practically realized in developing societies. It addresses the effects that the increased use of English and the promotion of English-language education are having in developmental contexts, and their impact on broader educational issues, on local language ecologies and on questions of cultural identity. It investigates these issues by drawing together a series of original examinations and case studies by a range of leading scholars working in this burgeoning field. The chapters focus on a variety of contexts from around the world, and the volume as a whole surveys and critiques the positioning and influence of English as a catalyst for development in the 21st century.

Tourism and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Current issues and local realities

Author: Marina Novelli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135086338

Category: Travel

Page: 236

View: 1395

Over the past 20 years, the perception of tourism as an effective contributor to socio-economic development in the developing world has propagated, with many viewing tourism as a provider for poverty alleviation and towards other UN Millennium Development Goals. Over the same period, readers have become familiar with the paradoxes, complexities and inequalities of tourism in relation to development, wealth creation, growth, redistribution, governance and ‘hosts-guests’ relationships. This volume further extends this critical debate with a much-needed cohesive publication on Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA). In an era of fluctuating tourist arrivals at global level, the growth of tourism in SSA requires deeper consideration in terms of its inconsistent and questionable implications at local level. Taking as a central theme the debate on whether tourism should be used in development efforts, this book examines the way in which tourism has controversially become the way forward to development in several SSA locations and assesses bottlenecks to sustainable development as well as dilemmas and challenges faced by those SSA destinations seeking to achieve development through tourism. It offers an explicit set of chapters adopting a multi-disciplinary approach, drawing upon tourism studies, human geography, sociology, anthropology, political economy, development and environmental studies, and integrates case studies authored by local African practitioners and academics to produce a book that gave voice to local experts on local realities. Combining an overview of key theories, concepts, contemporary issues and debates as well as practical insights from a wide range of regions in SSA, this book will be a valuable resource for those investigating the role of tourism in development.

The Skills Balancing Act in Sub-Saharan Africa

Investing in Skills for Productivity, Inclusion, and Adaptability

Author: Omar Arias,Indhira Santos,David K. Evans

Publisher: Africa Development Forum

ISBN: 9781464811494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 5499

The Skills Balancing Act in Sub-Saharan Africa

Technological Change and Skill Development in Sudan

Author: Samia Mohamed Nour

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642328113

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 478

View: 3113

With the ongoing restructuring in Sudan, structural issues such as the need for skill development and interaction with technological change need an in-depth analysis that this book offers. The central themes of this book are- required skill formation, upskilling of the workers, and their interaction with technological change in lieu of a deficient educational system and its implications. An empirical investigation of the causes and consequences of low skill and technology indicators using a primary survey at macro and micro levels is undertaken. This is followed by an examination of the interaction between the low skill and technology indicators, the relationships between skill, upskilling and technology indicators, skills mismatch, the uses and impacts of ICT and differences at firm as well as industry level as well as knowledge transfer effects. A set of recommendations towards the need for implementation of consistent policies, increasing incentives and collaboration between public and private institutions completes the book. ​

Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Deon Filmer,Louise Fox

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 146480107X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 8849

"The series is sponsored by the Agence Francaise de Developpement and the World Bank."

Youth and Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa

Working but Poor

Author: Hiroyuki Hino,Gustav Ranis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135127913

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 410

View: 5445

It is widely acknowledged that youth unemployment is one of the most critical challenges facing countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. This volume brings together an eminent group of international scholars to analyse the extent and complex nature of this joblessness, and offer a set of evidence-based policy choices that could contribute to solving the problem in the short- and long-run. Part I reviews the existing literature on youth unemployment and underemployment in Sub-Saharan Africa from microeconomic and macroeconomic perspectives, while Part II goes on to present detailed country studies of Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya and South Africa. These studies offer a deep understanding of the situation on the ground and consider country-specific solutions. Throughout the book it is argued that the standard ILO definition of unemployment is too narrow to correctly portray employment situations in Sub-Saharan Africa. Several alternative measures of unemployment are presented, which show that joblessness is far more pervasive than commonly assumed in the literature. This volume will be of interest to academics and policy makers involved in African development.

Entwicklung und die nächste Generation

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783770012664

Category:

Page: 374

View: 8075

Standardwerk zu entwicklungspolitischen Fragen: In den Entwicklungsländern leben 1,3 Milliarden junge Menschen zwischen 12 und 24 Jahren - mehr als jemals zuvor. Viele können weder lesen noch schreiben, sind arbeitslos oder in Berufen ohne Perspektive. Sie müssen dringend gefördert werden, sonst drohen soziale Spannungen über die Region hinaus. Daher untersucht der Weltentwicklungsbericht, welche Unterstützung die Jugendlichen benötigen. Werden die Bildungssysteme den Anforderungen gerecht? Wie gestaltet sich der Eintritt in den Arbeitsmarkt? Mit welchen Maßnahmen kann Aids, Drogenmissbrauch und anderen Gesundheitsrisiken vorgebeugt werden? Unter welchen Bedingungen ist es möglich, eine Familie zu gründen? Der Weltentwicklungsbericht ist eines der wichtigsten Standardwerke zu den entwicklungspolitischen Fragen unserer Zeit. Auf Basis umfangreichen Datenmaterials bietet er fundierte Analysen zu aktuellen Themen der Weltwirtschaft.

Stock Market Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Critical Issues and Challenges (EPub)

Author: Charles Komla Adjasi,Charles Amo Yartey

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1452790477

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 58

View: 6148

This paper examines the economic importance of stock markets in Africa. It discusses policy options for promoting the development of the stock market in Africa. The results of the paper show that the stock markets have contributed to the financing of the growth of large corporations in certain African countries. An econometric investigation of the impact of stock markets on growth in selected African countries, however, finds inconclusive evidence even though stock market value traded seem to be positively and significantly associated with growth. African stock exchanges now face the challenge of integration and need better technical and institutional development to address the problem of low liquidity. Preconditions for successful regional approaches include the harmonization of legislations such as bankruptcy and accounting laws and a liberalized trade regime. Robust electronic trading systems and central depository systems will be important. Further domestic financial liberalization such as steps to improve the legal and accounting framework, private sector credit evaluation capabilities, and public sector regulatory oversight would also be beneficial.

Die Mutter des Erfolgs

Wie ich meinen Kindern das Siegen beibrachte

Author: Amy Chua

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3312004772

Category: Fiction

Page: 256

View: 1153

Amy Chua ist Juraprofessorin in Yale und zweifache Mutter. Ihre Kinder will sie zum Erfolg erziehen - mit allen Mitteln. Und gemäß den Regeln ihrer Wurzeln in China ist Erfolg nur mit härtester Arbeit zu erreichen. Sie beschließt, dass ihre Töchter als Musikerinnen Karriere machen sollen. Nun wird deren Kindheit zur Tortur. Wo eine Eins minus als schlechte Note gilt, muss Lernen anders vermittelt werden als in unserer westlichen Pädagogik. In ihrem Erlebnisbericht erzählt die Autorin fesselnd, witzig und mit kluger Offenheit von einem gnadenlosen Kampf, der ihr und ihren Töchtern alles abverlangte: ein packendes und hochkomisches Buch über Familie und Erziehung, über Leistungsdruck und über den Willen, unbedingt zu siegen.

HIV/AIDS and Human Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Impact Mitigation Through Agricultural Interventions : an Overview and Annotated Bibliography

Author: Tanja R. Müller

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9076998507

Category: Social Science

Page: 131

View: 4255

This last part of the AWLAE series on HIV/AIDS and agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa focuses on the epidemic as a challenge to human development in general and rural development in particular. In the face of the impact of the epidemic as described in parts one and two of the series, the agricultural sector can play an important role in mitigating some of its effects. Strategies for agricultural intervention are of particular importance in sub-Saharan Africa, given the fact that most of the countries hardest hit by the epidemic are heavily reliant on agriculture. Different agricultural sector based mitigation strategies are discussed. It is further argued, however, that such interventions need to be complemented by interventions from the health and other sectors, in particular by treatment regimes including access to anti-retroviral drugs. The text is followed by an annotated bibliography.

Assessing opportunities and constraints for biofuel development in sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Graham von Maltitz,William Stafford

Publisher: CIFOR

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 56

View: 1176

Sustainable biofuel production should provide opportunities for sub-Saharan African countries and their inhabitants, especially in impoverished rural areas. Biofuel feedstock production has the potential to bring job opportunities and earnings, but this should not be at the cost of existing livelihoods and the local environment. Biofuels also have the potential to increase energy security in these countries for both transportation and household needs. Sub-Saharan African biofuel feedstock production projects can be classified into 4 distinct models based on production scales (small- versus large-scale farm/plantations) and on the intended use of the biofuel (local versus national). The first type embraces large corporate plantations to supply the market for liquid transport fuel blends. The second type comprises small-scale producers linked to the corporate producers. The third type involves small-scale producers supplying the local energy needs of farmers and villages. The fourth and rarest type is linked to the large corporate plantations, to meet the corporation’s own energy needs. The introduction of foreign-owned, large-scale corporate plantations producing biofuel for transport fuel blends causes the most concern in sub-Saharan Africa, as their scale and ownership arrangements may disrupt rural livelihoods and affect access rights to land resources. However, these projects can also bring job opportunities, thereby providing alternative sources of income for poor communities. This working paper assesses mechanisms for limiting the negative impacts while maximising national benefit capture. Market-based mechanisms versus legal and policy mechanisms to enhance long-term sustainability are also discussed.

Accelerating Catch-up

Tertiary Education for Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821377396

Category: Education

Page: 180

View: 4689

This book lays out a rationale, provides supporting evidence, and suggests promising pathways for Sub-Saharan Africa to sustain current economic growth by aligning its tertiary education systems with national economic strategies and labor market needs.

Renewing Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Policy, Performance and Prospects

Author: Ian Livingstone,D. G. R. Belshaw

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415252188

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 478

View: 2699

Renewing Development in Sub-Saharan Africa reviews the debates and brings together specialist contributions, to provide a clear guide to the major complexities of African development. They lay the foundation for designing a range of individual country-specific policy-sets, in which the strategic components are prioritized according to each country's constraints and opportunities. The emphasis of the book is on the identification of effective strategies that will enable individual countries to most effectively exploit their growth opportunities and to meet poverty-reducing and other key equity objectives.

Demand and Supply of Skills in Ghana

How Can Training Programs Improve Employment and Productivity?

Author: Peter Darvas,Robert Palmer

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464802815

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 1764

Skills development in Ghana encompasses foundational skills, transferable/soft-skills, and technical and vocational skills. This report focuses on one segment of this skills development system: formal and informal technical and vocational education and training (TVET) at the pre-tertiary level. TVET represents a major intersection between education, youth and the labor market. The government has long promised to the population that increasing technical and vocational skills training opportunities will help solve youth unemployment. However, market distortions and inefficiencies have led to an adverse cycle of high costs, inadequate quality of supply and low demand, leading to further pressures on the effectiveness and efficiency of TVET services. This adverse cycle means that the political and policy promise of skills development helping to ease the unemployment problem is at risk of remaining unfulfilled. The report focuses on social and economic demand for (pre-tertiary) technical and vocational skills and maps out the supply of these skills from formal and informal, private and public sectors. The dual purpose has been to both carry out an institutional and policy analysis and also to establish a platform for monitoring sector performance and assisting policy and Development Partner harmonization. The report analyzes the economic and social demand for technical and vocational skills and the suitability of the current supply as well as the effectiveness of policy, coordination and financing of technical and vocational skills development. The report annex provides the summary of economic demand analyses from the key sectors reviewed and provides a full mapping of all technical and vocational programs in Ghana. The study offers a comprehensive set of policy recommendations for improving Ghana’s pre-tertiary technical and vocational skills development sector, which will be of interest to policy makers and development partners in Ghana.