Smart Grid Security

Innovative Solutions for a Modernized Grid

Author: Florian Skopik,Paul Dr. Smith

Publisher: Syngress

ISBN: 0128023546

Category: Computers

Page: 324

View: 1987

The Smart Grid security ecosystem is complex and multi-disciplinary, and relatively under-researched compared to the traditional information and network security disciplines. While the Smart Grid has provided increased efficiencies in monitoring power usage, directing power supplies to serve peak power needs and improving efficiency of power delivery, the Smart Grid has also opened the way for information security breaches and other types of security breaches. Potential threats range from meter manipulation to directed, high-impact attacks on critical infrastructure that could bring down regional or national power grids. It is essential that security measures are put in place to ensure that the Smart Grid does not succumb to these threats and to safeguard this critical infrastructure at all times. Dr. Florian Skopik is one of the leading researchers in Smart Grid security, having organized and led research consortia and panel discussions in this field. Smart Grid Security will provide the first truly holistic view of leading edge Smart Grid security research. This book does not focus on vendor-specific solutions, instead providing a complete presentation of forward-looking research in all areas of Smart Grid security. The book will enable practitioners to learn about upcoming trends, scientists to share new directions in research, and government and industry decision-makers to prepare for major strategic decisions regarding implementation of Smart Grid technology. Presents the most current and leading edge research on Smart Grid security from a holistic standpoint, featuring a panel of top experts in the field. Includes coverage of risk management, operational security, and secure development of the Smart Grid. Covers key technical topics, including threat types and attack vectors, threat case studies, smart metering, smart home, e- mobility, smart buildings, DERs, demand response management, distribution grid operators, transmission grid operators, virtual power plants, resilient architectures, communications protocols and encryption, as well as physical security.

Smart Grid Security

An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid

Author: Gilbert N. Sorebo,Michael C. Echols

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439855897

Category: Computers

Page: 328

View: 5856

The Smart Grid has the potential to revolutionize electricity delivery systems, and the security of its infrastructure is a vital concern not only for cyber-security practitioners, engineers, policy makers, and utility executives, but also for the media and consumers. Smart Grid Security: An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid explores the important techniques, challenges, and forces that will shape how we achieve a secure twenty-first century electric grid. Includes a Foreword by Michael Assante, President and CEO, National Board of Information Security Examiners Following an overview of the components of the Smart Grid, the book delves into the evolution of security standards and regulations and examines ways in which the Smart Grid might be regulated. The authors discuss the technical details about how metering technology is being implemented and the likely threats and vulnerabilities that utilities will face. They address the home area network (HAN) and examine distribution and transmission—the foundation for the delivery of electricity, along with distributed generation, micro-grids, and operations. The book explores future concepts—such as energy storage and the use of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs)—in addition to the concomitant risk for fraud and manipulation with stored energy. Consumer-related issues are discussed as they pertain to emerging ways of receiving and generating energy. The book examines dysfunctions ranging from inadvertent outages to cyber-attack and presents recommendations on how to respond to these incidents. It concludes with speculation of future cyber-security challenges and discusses new ways that the grid can be defended, such as better key management and protection. Written in a style rigorous enough for the practitioner yet accessible to a broad audience, this comprehensive volume covers a topic that is becoming more critical to industry and consumers everywhere.

Securing the Smart Grid

Next Generation Power Grid Security

Author: Tony Flick,Justin Morehouse

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781597495714

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 524

Securing the Smart Grid discusses the features of the smart grid, particularly its strengths and weaknesses, to better understand threats and attacks, and to prevent insecure deployments of smart grid technologies. A smart grid is a modernized electric grid that uses information and communications technology to be able to process information, such as the behaviors of suppliers and consumers. The book discusses different infrastructures in a smart grid, such as the automatic metering infrastructure (AMI). It also discusses the controls that consumers, device manufacturers, and utility companies can use to minimize the risk associated with the smart grid. It explains the smart grid components in detail so readers can understand how the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of these components can be secured or compromised. This book will be a valuable reference for readers who secure the networks of smart grid deployments, as well as consumers who use smart grid devices. Details how old and new hacking techniques can be used against the grid and how to defend against them Discusses current security initiatives and how they fall short of what is needed Find out how hackers can use the new infrastructure against itself

Applied Cyber Security and the Smart Grid

Implementing Security Controls into the Modern Power Infrastructure

Author: Eric D. Knapp,Raj Samani

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 012404638X

Category: Computers

Page: 224

View: 4045

Many people think of the Smart Grid as a power distribution group built on advanced smart metering—but that’s just one aspect of a much larger and more complex system. The "Smart Grid" requires new technologies throughout energy generation, transmission and distribution, and even the homes and businesses being served by the grid. This also represents new information paths between these new systems and services, all of which represents risk, requiring a more thorough approach to where and how cyber security controls are implemented. This insight provides a detailed architecture of the entire Smart Grid, with recommended cyber security measures for everything from the supply chain to the consumer. Discover the potential of the Smart Grid Learn in depth about its systems See its vulnerabilities and how best to protect it

Security and Privacy in Smart Grids

Author: Yang Xiao

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143987784X

Category: Computers

Page: 353

View: 7125

Presenting the work of prominent researchers working on smart grids and related fields around the world, Security and Privacy in Smart Grids identifies state-of-the-art approaches and novel technologies for smart grid communication and security. It investigates the fundamental aspects and applications of smart grid security and privacy and reports on the latest advances in the range of related areas—making it an ideal reference for students, researchers, and engineers in these fields. The book explains grid security development and deployment and introduces novel approaches for securing today’s smart grids. Supplying an overview of recommendations for a technical smart grid infrastructure, the book describes how to minimize power consumption and utility expenditure in data centers. It also: Details the challenges of cybersecurity for smart grid communication infrastructures Covers the regulations and standards relevant to smart grid security Explains how to conduct vulnerability assessments for substation automation systems Considers smart grid automation, SCADA system security, and smart grid security in the last mile The book’s chapters work together to provide you with a framework for implementing effective security through this growing system. Numerous figures, illustrations, graphs, and charts are included to aid in comprehension. With coverage that includes direct attacks, smart meters, and attacks via networks, this versatile reference presents actionable suggestions you can put to use immediately to prevent such attacks.

Smart Grid Security

Author: Sanjay Goel,Yuan Hong,Vagelis Papakonstantinou,Dariusz Kloza

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1447166639

Category: Computers

Page: 129

View: 2962

This book on smart grid security is meant for a broad audience from managers to technical experts. It highlights security challenges that are faced in the smart grid as we widely deploy it across the landscape. It starts with a brief overview of the smart grid and then discusses some of the reported attacks on the grid. It covers network threats, cyber physical threats, smart metering threats, as well as privacy issues in the smart grid. Along with the threats the book discusses the means to improve smart grid security and the standards that are emerging in the field. The second part of the book discusses the legal issues in smart grid implementations, particularly from a privacy (EU data protection) point of view.

Smart Grids: Security and Privacy Issues

Author: Kianoosh G. Boroojeni,M. Hadi Amini,S S Iyengar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319450490

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 113

View: 8039

This book provides a thorough treatment of privacy and security issues for researchers in the fields of smart grids, engineering, and computer science. It presents comprehensive insight to understanding the big picture of privacy and security challenges in both physical and information aspects of smart grids. The authors utilize an advanced interdisciplinary approach to address the existing security and privacy issues and propose legitimate countermeasures for each of them in the standpoint of both computing and electrical engineering. The proposed methods are theoretically proofed by mathematical tools and illustrated by real-world examples.

Smart Grid Security

Second International Workshop, SmartGridSec 2014, Munich, Germany, February 26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Jorge Cuellar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319103296

Category: Computers

Page: 193

View: 5227

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Smart Grid Security, SmartGridSec 2014, held in Munich, Germany, in February 2014. The volume contains twelve corrected and extended papers presented at the workshop which have undergone two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The engineering, deployment and operation of the future Smart Grid will be an enormous project that will require the active participation of many stakeholders with different interests and views regarding the security and privacy goals, technologies, and solutions. There is an increasing need for workshops that bring together researchers from different communities, from academia and industry, to discuss open research topics in the area of future Smart Grid security.

Smart Grid Security

An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid

Author: Gilbert N. Sorebo,Michael C. Echols

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439855897

Category: Computers

Page: 328

View: 509

The Smart Grid has the potential to revolutionize electricity delivery systems, and the security of its infrastructure is a vital concern not only for cyber-security practitioners, engineers, policy makers, and utility executives, but also for the media and consumers. Smart Grid Security: An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid explores the important techniques, challenges, and forces that will shape how we achieve a secure twenty-first century electric grid. Includes a Foreword by Michael Assante, President and CEO, National Board of Information Security Examiners Following an overview of the components of the Smart Grid, the book delves into the evolution of security standards and regulations and examines ways in which the Smart Grid might be regulated. The authors discuss the technical details about how metering technology is being implemented and the likely threats and vulnerabilities that utilities will face. They address the home area network (HAN) and examine distribution and transmission—the foundation for the delivery of electricity, along with distributed generation, micro-grids, and operations. The book explores future concepts—such as energy storage and the use of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs)—in addition to the concomitant risk for fraud and manipulation with stored energy. Consumer-related issues are discussed as they pertain to emerging ways of receiving and generating energy. The book examines dysfunctions ranging from inadvertent outages to cyber-attack and presents recommendations on how to respond to these incidents. It concludes with speculation of future cyber-security challenges and discusses new ways that the grid can be defended, such as better key management and protection. Written in a style rigorous enough for the practitioner yet accessible to a broad audience, this comprehensive volume covers a topic that is becoming more critical to industry and consumers everywhere.

Security Solutions and Applied Cryptography in Smart Grid Communications

Author: Ferrag, Mohamed Amine,Ahmim, Ahmed

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522518304

Category: Computers

Page: 464

View: 6982

Electrical energy usage is increasing every year due to population growth and new forms of consumption. As such, it is increasingly imperative to research methods of energy control and safe use. Security Solutions and Applied Cryptography in Smart Grid Communications is a pivotal reference source for the latest research on the development of smart grid technology and best practices of utilization. Featuring extensive coverage across a range of relevant perspectives and topics, such as threat detection, authentication, and intrusion detection, this book is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, engineers and students seeking current research on ways in which to implement smart grid platforms all over the globe.

Security and Resiliency Analytics for Smart Grids

Static and Dynamic Approaches

Author: Ehab Al-Shaer,Mohammad Ashiqur Rahman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319328719

Category: Computers

Page: 144

View: 6962

This book targets the key concern of protecting critical infrastructures such as smart grids. It explains various static and dynamic security analysis techniques that can automatically verify smart grid security and resiliency and identify potential attacks in a proactive manner. This book includes three main sections. The first presents the idea of formally verifying the compliance of smart grid configurations with the security and resiliency guidelines. It provides a formal framework that verifies the compliance of the advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) configurations with the security and resiliency requirements, and generates remediation plans for potential security violations. The second section covers the formal verification of the security and resiliency of smart grid control systems by using a formal model to analyze attack evasions on state estimation, a core control module of the supervisory control system in smart grids. The model identifies attack vectors that can compromise state estimation. This section also covers risk mitigation techniques that synthesize proactive security plans that make such attacks infeasible. The last part of the book discusses the dynamic security analysis for smart grids. It shows that AMI behavior can be modeled using event logs collected at smart collectors, which in turn can be verified using the specification invariants generated from the configurations of the AMI devices. Although the focus of this book is smart grid security and resiliency, the included formal analytics are generic enough to be extended to other cyber-physical systems, especially those related to industrial control systems (ICS). Therefore, industry professionals and academic researchers will find this book an exceptional resource to learn theoretical and practical aspects of applying formal methods for the protection of critical infrastructures.

Smart Grid Security

First International Workshop, SmartGridSec 2012, Berlin, Germany, December 3, 2012, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Jorge Cuellar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642380301

Category: Computers

Page: 151

View: 1198

The engineering, deployment and security of the future smart grid will be an enormous project requiring the consensus of many stakeholders with different views on the security and privacy requirements, not to mention methods and solutions. The fragmentation of research agendas and proposed approaches or solutions for securing the future smart grid becomes apparent observing the results from different projects, standards, committees, etc, in different countries. The different approaches and views of the papers in this collection also witness this fragmentation. This book contains three full-paper length invited papers and 7 corrected and extended papers from the First International Workshop on Smart Grid Security, SmartGridSec 2012, which brought together researchers from different communities from academia and industry in the area of securing the Future Smart Grid and was held in Berlin, Germany, on December 3, 2012.

Industrial Network Security

Securing Critical Infrastructure Networks for Smart Grid, SCADA, and Other Industrial Control Systems

Author: Eric D. Knapp,Joel Thomas Langill

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1597496464

Category: Computers

Page: 360

View: 2465

Industrial Network Security: Securing Critical Infrastructure Networks for Smart Grid, SCADA, and Other Industrial Control Systems describes an approach to ensure the security of industrial networks by taking into account the unique network, protocol, and application characteristics of an industrial control system, along with various compliance controls. It offers guidance on deployment and configuration, and it explains why, where, and how security controls should be implemented. Divided into 11 chapters, the book explains the basics of Ethernet and Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) networking communications and the SCADA and field bus protocols. It also discusses industrial networks as they relate to “critical infrastructure and cyber security, potential risks and consequences of a cyber attack against an industrial control system, compliance controls in relation to network security practices, industrial network protocols, such as Modbus and DNP3, assessment of vulnerabilities and risk, how to secure enclaves, regulatory compliance standards applicable to industrial network security, and common pitfalls and mistakes, like complacency and deployment errors. This book is a valuable resource for plant operators and information security analysts, as well as compliance officers who want to pass an audit with minimal penalties and/or fines. Covers implementation guidelines for security measures of critical infrastructure Applies the security measures for system-specific compliance Discusses common pitfalls and mistakes and how to avoid them

Smart Grid

Integrating Renewable, Distributed & Efficient Energy

Author: Fereidoon Perry Sioshansi

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123864526

Category: Science

Page: 510

View: 3825

The creation of a flexible, efficient, digitized, dependable and resilient power grid may well be the best route to increasing energy efficiency & security, as well as boosting the potential of renewable & distributed power sources. However, there is still much confusion about the nature of the Smart Grid: What is it? What work needs to be accomplished in order to make it a reality? How will it benefit the drive to diversify energy resources? This book covers Smart Grids from A-Z, providing a complete treatment of the topic, covering both policy and technology, explaining the most recent innovations supporting its development, and clarifying how the Smart Grid can support the integration of Renewable Energy resources. Among the most important topics included are smart metering, renewable energy storage, plug-in hybrids, flexible demand response, strategies for offsetting intermittency issues, micro-grids for off-grid communities, and specific in-depth coverage of wind and solar power integration. The content draws lessons from an international panel of contributors, whose diverse experiences implementing smart grids will help to provide templates for success. If we intend to undertake a meaningful overhaul of the way the world uses energy resources, we ignore grid management issues at our peril. Ultimately, this important book examines what the integration challenges are, what technology and policy needs to be in place in order to support uptake, and what The Smart Grid can do to enable solutions. Provides critical information on the technological, design and policy issues that must be taken into account to ensure that the smart grid is implemented successfully Demonstrates how smart grids can help utilities adhere to increased renewable portfolio standards Provides examples of successful microgrid/smart metering projects from around the world that can act as templates for developers, operators and investors embarking upon similar projects.

Smart Grid Applications, Communications, and Security

Author: Lars T. Berger,Krzysztof Iniewski

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9781118004395

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 3667

For many, smart grids are the biggest technological revolution since the Internet. They have the potential to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, increase the reliability of electricity supply, and increase the efficiency of our energy infrastructure. Smart Grid Applications, Communications, and Security explains how diverse technologies play hand-in-hand in building and maintaining smart grids around the globe. The book delves into the communication aspects of smart grids, provides incredible insight into power electronics, sensing, monitoring, and control technologies, and points out the potential for new technologies and markets. Extensively cross-referenced, the book contains comprehensive coverage in four major parts: Part I: Applications provides a detailed introduction to smart grid applications—spanning the transmission, distribution, and consumer side of the electricity grid Part II: Communications discusses wireless, wireline, and optical communication solutions—from the physical layers up to sensing, automation, and control protocols running on the application layers Part III: Security deals with cyber security—sharpening the awareness of security threats, reviewing the ongoing standardization, and outlining the future of authentication and encryption key management Part IV: Case Studies and Field Trials presents self-contained chapters of studies where the smart grid of tomorrow has already been put into practice With contributions from major industry stakeholders such as Siemens, Cisco, ABB, and Motorola, this is the ideal book for both engineering professionals and students.

Smart Grid Security

Author: Sanjay Goel,Yuan Hong,Vagelis Papakonstantinou,Dariusz Kloza

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1447166639

Category: Computers

Page: 129

View: 5603

This book on smart grid security is meant for a broad audience from managers to technical experts. It highlights security challenges that are faced in the smart grid as we widely deploy it across the landscape. It starts with a brief overview of the smart grid and then discusses some of the reported attacks on the grid. It covers network threats, cyber physical threats, smart metering threats, as well as privacy issues in the smart grid. Along with the threats the book discusses the means to improve smart grid security and the standards that are emerging in the field. The second part of the book discusses the legal issues in smart grid implementations, particularly from a privacy (EU data protection) point of view.

Security and Privacy in Smart Grid

Author: Asmaa Abdallah,Xuemin Shen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319936765

Category: Computers

Page: 126

View: 9693

This SpringerBrief addresses the main security concerns for smart grid, e.g., the privacy of electricity consumers, the exchanged messages integrity and confidentiality, the authenticity of participated parties, and the false data injection attacks. Moreover, the authors demonstrate in detail the various proposed techniques to secure the smart grid’s different communication networks and preserve the privacy of the involved. Over many years, power grid has generated electricity from central generators and distributed it in one direction from the generation stations to end-users; also, information is one directional so that the grid’s control center doesn’t get enough information about customers’ requirements and consequently can’t prevent electricity losses. So, the electricity grid is merged with information and communication technology to form smart grid. The main target of this incorporation is to connect different parties of power grid to exchange information about grid conditions and customers’ requirements, and consequently, improve the reliability and efficiency of electricity generation and distribution. That upgrade of the power grid exposes it to the cyber security threats that the communication networks suffer from, such as malicious attacks to forge the electricity consumption readings or price, extract personal information for residential consumers, such as daily habits and life style, or attack some grid’s resources and equipment availability using denial-of-service attacks. Also, novel threats are introduced in smart grid due to the power grid nature, such as false data injection attack, in which the adversary compromises several measurement units and injects false information about the grid conditions that mislead the grid’s control center to make wrong decisions for the grid and consequently impact on its stability and efficiency.

Cyber Physical Systems Approach to Smart Electric Power Grid

Author: Siddhartha Kumar Khaitan,James D. McCalley,Chen Ching Liu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662459280

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 385

View: 6124

This book documents recent advances in the field of modeling, simulation, control, security and reliability of Cyber- Physical Systems (CPS) in power grids. The aim of this book is to help the reader gain insights into working of CPSs and understand their potential in transforming the power grids of tomorrow. This book will be useful for all those who are interested in design of cyber-physical systems, be they students or researchers in power systems, CPS modeling software developers, technical marketing professionals and business policy-makers.

Smart Grid Communication Infrastructures

Big Data, Cloud Computing, and Security

Author: Feng Ye,Yi Qian,Rose Qingyang Hu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119240182

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 7226

A comprehensive resource that covers all the key areas of smart grid communication infrastructures Smart grid is a transformational upgrade to the traditional power grid that adds communication capabilities, intelligence and modern control. Smart Grid Communication Infrastructures is a comprehensive guide that addresses communication infrastructures, related applications and other issues related to the smart grid. The text shows how smart grid departs from the traditional power grid technology. Fundamentally, smart grid has advanced communication infrastructures to achieve two-way information exchange between service providers and customers. Grid operations in smart grid have proven to be more efficient and more secure because of the communication infrastructures and modern control. Smart Grid Communication Infrastructures examines and summarizes the recent advances in smart grid communications, big data analytics and network security. The authors – noted experts in the field – review the technologies, applications and issues in smart grid communication infrastructure. This important resource: Offers a comprehensive review of all areas of smart grid communication infrastructures Includes an ICT framework for smart grid Contains a review of self-sustaining wireless neighborhood that are network designed Presents design and analysis of a wireless monitoring network for transmission lines in smart grid Written for graduate students, professors, researchers, scientists, practitioners and engineers, Smart Grid Communication Infrastructures is the comprehensive resource that explores all aspects of the topic.

Communication Networks for Smart Grids

Making Smart Grid Real

Author: Kenneth C. Budka,Jayant G. Deshpande,Marina Thottan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447163028

Category: Computers

Page: 369

View: 930

This book presents an application-centric approach to the development of smart grid communication architecture. The coverage includes in-depth reviews of such cutting-edge applications as advanced metering infrastructure, distribution automation, demand response and synchrophasors. Features: examines a range of exciting utility applications made possible through smart grid evolution; describes the core-edge network architecture for smart grids, introducing the concept of WANs and FANs; explains how the network design paradigm for smart grids differs from that for more established data networks, and discusses network security in smart grids; provides an overview of communication network technologies for WANs and FANs, covering OPGW, PLC, and LTE and MPLS technology; investigates secure data-centric data management and data analytics for smart grids; discusses the transformation of a network from conventional modes of utility operation to an integrated network based on the smart grid architecture framework.