Smart Technologies for Sustainable Smallholder Agriculture

Upscaling in Developing Countries

Author: David Chikoye,Therese Gondwe,Nhamo Nhamo

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128105224

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 330

View: 2735

Smart Technologies for Sustainable Smallholder Agriculture: Upscaling in Developing Countries defines integrated climate smart agricultural technologies (ICSAT) as a suite of interconnected techniques and practices that enhance quantity and quality of agricultural products with minimum impact on the environment. These ICSAT are centered on three main pillars, increased production and income, adaptation and resilience to climate change, and minimizing GHG emissions. This book brings together technologies contributing to the three pillars, explains the context in which they can be scaled up, and identifies research and development gaps as areas requiring further investigation. It stresses the urgency in critically analyzing and recommending ICSAT and scaling out the efforts of both developing and disseminating these in an integrated manner. The book discusses, synthesizes, and offers alternative solutions to agriculture production systems and socio-economic development. It brings together biophysical and socioeconomic disciplines in evaluating suitable ICSAT in an effort to help reduce poverty and food insecurity. Highlights the research gaps and opportunities on climate smart agricultural technologies and institutional arrangements Provides information on institutional engagements that are inclusive of value chain actors that support partnerships and the development of interactive platforms Elaborates some of the effects of climate extremes on production and socioeconomic development on small farms whose impact has potentially large impact

History of Soybeans and Soyfoods in Africa (1857-2019)

Extensively Annotated Bibliography and Sourcebook

Author: William Shurtleff; Akiko Aoyagi

Publisher: Soyinfo Center

ISBN: 1948436078

Category:

Page: 1223

View: 1323

The world's most comprehensive, well documented, and well illustrated book on this subject. With extensive subject and geographical index. 113 photographs and illustrations - mostly color. Free of charge in digital PDF format on Google Books

Climate Change and Agricultural Development

Improving Resilience through Climate Smart Agriculture, Agroecology and Conservation

Author: Udaya Sekhar Nagothu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317413687

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 322

View: 2814

Two of the greatest current challenges are climate change (and variability) and food security. Feeding nine billion people by 2050 will require major efforts aimed at climate change adaptation and mitigation. One approach to agriculture has recently been captured by the widely adopted term of "Climate Smart Agriculture" (CSA). This book not only explains what this entails, but also presents practical on-the-ground studies of practices and innovations in agriculture across a broader spectrum, including agroecology and conservation agriculture, in less developed countries. It is shown that CSA is not a completely new science and a number of its recommended technologies have been used for some time by local farmers all over the world. What is relevant and new is ‘the approach’ to exploit their adaptation and mitigation potential. However, a major limitation is the lack of evidence-based knowledge that is necessary for policy makers to prepare strategies for adaptation and mitigation. This book assembles knowledge of CSA, agroecology and conservation agriculture, and perspectives from different regions of the world, to build resilient food systems. The first part analyzes the concept, opportunities and challenges, and provides a global perspective, drawing particularly on studies from Africa and Asia. The second part of the book showcases results from various studies linked to soil, water and crop management measures from an ongoing program in India as well as experiences from other regions. The third section assesses the needs for an enabling policy environment, mainstreaming gender and sime final recommendations for up-scaling and/or out-scaling innovations.

Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries

Leveraging Current Knowledge and Exploring Future Potential for Climate-Smart Agriculture

Author: Sebastian B. Scholz,Thomas Sembres,Kelli Roberts,Thea Whitman,Kelpie Wilson,Johannes Lehmann

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821395262

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 230

View: 1323

This report offers a review of what is known about opportunities and risks of biochar systems in developing countries. Its aim is to fill in critical knowledge gaps between the biochar research community and development practicioners on the ground.

Conservation Agriculture for Africa

Building Resilient Farming Systems in a Changing Climate

Author: Amir H Kassam,Saidi Mkomwa,Theodor Friedrich

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780645686

Category: Nature

Page: 317

View: 5512

Tillage agriculture has led to widespread soil and ecosystem degradation globally. This is especially so in Africa where traditional and modern tillage-based agricultural practices have become unsustainable due to severe disturbance and exploitation of natural resources, with negative impacts on the environment and rural livelihoods. In addition, agriculture in Africa today faces major challenges including increased costs of production and energy, the effects of climate change, and the lack of an effective paradigm for sustainable intensification, especially for small- and medium-size holdings. Africa is facing a serious challenge to food security and as a continent has not advanced towards eradicating hunger. In addition, the population is still growing much faster than on most other continents. This pressure has led to the emergence of no-till conservation agriculture as a serious alternative sustainable agriculture paradigm. In Africa, in recent years, conservation agriculture techniques and methods have spread to many countries, as greater development, education and research effort are directed towards its extension and uptake. This book is aimed at agricultural researchers and scientists, educationalists, and agricultural service providers, institutional leaders and policy makers working in the fields of sustainable agriculture and international development, and also at agroecologists, conservation scientists, and those working on ecosystem services.

Agricultural Development and Sustainable Intensification

Technology and Policy Challenges in the Face of Climate Change

Author: Udaya Sekhar Nagothu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351403338

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 306

View: 7357

Sustainable Intensification (SI) has recently emerged as a key concept for agricultural development, recognising that yields must increase to feed a growing world population, but it must be achieved without damage to the environment, on finite land resources and while preserving social and natural capital. It also recognises that all initiatives must cope with the challenges of climate change to agricultural production, food security and livelihoods. This multidisciplinary book presents state-of-the-art reviews of current SI approaches to promote major food crops, challenges and advances made in technology, and the institutional and policy measures necessary to overcome the constraints faced by smallholder farmers. Adressing the UN's Sustainable Development Goal 2, the various chapters based on evidence and experiences of reputed researchers show how these innovations, if properly nurtured and implemented, can make a difference to food and nutrition security outcomes. Case studies from around the world are included, with a particular emphasis on Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The focus is not only on scientific aspects such as climate-smart agriculture, agroecology and improving input use efficiency and management, but also on institutional and policy challenges that must be met to increase the net societal benefits of sustainable agricultural intensification. The book is aimed at advanced students and researchers in sustainable agriculture and policy, development practitioners, policy makers and non-governmental and farmer organisations.

A business case for engaging the private sector in climate-smart solutions for smallholder farmers

Author: Mutamba, M.,Ajayi, O.C.

Publisher: CTA

ISBN: 9290816317

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 40

View: 3382

Large and growing numbers of poor rural households depend on climate-sensitive agriculture and operate on the margins of the mainstream economy. This combined with a broken public extension service and faltering international development efforts places millions of smallholder farmers at disproportionately high risk from a changing climate. Acknowledging the magnitude of the challenge and the required pace and scale of response, coupled with honest introspection on past performance, has prompted the need to look beyond the public sector for delivering climate-smart solutions. Harnessing the financial, technological and intellectual capital in the private sector to complement public sector-driven climate responses is a new dimension in delivery of sustainable climate-smart solutions at scale.

Agro-Ecological Intensification of Agricultural Systems in the African Highlands

Author: Bernard Vanlauwe,Piet van Asten,Guy Blomme

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136292268

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 8721

There is an urgent need to increase agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa in a sustainable and economically-viable manner. Transforming risk-averse smallholders into business-oriented producers that invest in producing surplus food for sale provides a formidable challenge, both from a technological and socio-political perspective. This book addresses the issue of agricultural intensification in the humid highland areas of Africa – regions with relatively good agricultural potential, but where the scarce land resources are increasingly under pressure from the growing population and from climate change. In addition to introductory and synthesis chapters, the book focuses on four themes: system components required for agricultural intensification; the integration of components at the system level; drivers for adoption of technologies towards intensification; and the dissemination of complex knowledge. It provides case studies of improved crop and soil management for staple crops such as cassava and bananas, as well as examples of how the livelihoods of rural people can be improved. The book provides a valuable resource for researchers, development actors, students and policy makers in agricultural systems and economics and in international development. It highlights and addresses key challenges and opportunities that exist for sustainable agricultural intensification in the humid highlands of sub-Saharan Africa.

Die Zukunft des Lebens

Author: Edward O. Wilson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442152827

Category:

Page: 255

View: 5713

Africa Human Development Report 2012

Towards a Food Secure Future

Author: United Nations Development Programme

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 7601

Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest prevalence of hunger in the world. Until this situation improves, the human development prospects of millions of Africans will remain at risk. UNDP's first Africa Human Development Report shows that food security and human development reinforce each other. If African countries are to realise their long-term potential, the report says, they must boost agricultural productivity to both improve the availability of food and reduce poverty. Policies to enhance nutrition are central to ensuring that access to food translates into human development. The report argues further that local populations must have the resources and decision-making power to produce and consume nutritious food throughout the year, overcoming the risks represented by continuing conflict, climate change and variations in food prices.

Reorienting Indian Agriculture

Challenges and Opportunities

Author: Raj S Paroda

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1786395177

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 335

View: 1806

Despite multiple revolutions, daunting challenges face agriculture. How can it address poverty and hunger, including malnutrition? How much is it responsible for degradation of natural resources (soil, water, agrobiodiversity) and climate change? How can agricultural diversification, and secondary and speciality agriculture help in improving productivity, sustainability and farmer income? Can integrated natural resource management (including conservation agriculture, innovative extension, agricultural education and an enabling policy environment) help achieve resilience and faster agricultural growth? This book sketches a journey from green to an evergreen revolution through reorientation of Indian agriculture to address emerging challenges. It covers global agriculture, genetic resource management, crop breeding (including biotechnology), seed production technology, agronomy, innovative extension, motivation of youth (including women), climate change and policy reforms for improving farmers' income. It provides insight into: - India's agricultural scenario, and the strength of agricultural research for development. - Better ways of managing natural resources for sustainable farming systems. - Climate-smart, diversified and resilient agriculture for improved productivity and income. - The need to reorient research, development and related policies concerned with agricultural research and innovation for development (ARI4D) to harness new opportunities This book is for researchers, students and policymakers interested in agricultural policy, increased food production, rural development and natural resource management, especially: general agriculture, genetic resources, crop breeding, seed development, agricultural biotechnology, agronomy, international agriculture, climate change and sustainable agriculture.

Farm data: Serving smallholder farmers in a digital age

Spore Magazine 190

Author: CTA

Publisher: CTA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 48

View: 9190

Spore magazine 190: Farm data: Serving smallholder farmers in a digital age Increasing amounts of agricultural data are being produced at faster speeds, using a greater variety of technologies and innovations than ever before. But what is the value of information sharing for smallholders, and what are the risks? SPORE is the quarterly magazine of the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), offering a global perspective on agribusiness and sustainable agriculture. CTA operates under the Cotonou Agreement between the countries of the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) group and the European Union and is financed by the EU.

Climate Change and Multi-Dimensional Sustainability in African Agriculture

Climate Change and Sustainability in Agriculture

Author: Rattan Lal,David Kraybill,David O. Hansen,Bal Ram Singh,Theodosy Mosogoya,Lars Olav Eik

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319412388

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 717

View: 5415

This 35-chapter book is based on several oral and poster presentations including both invited and contributory chapters. The book is thematically based on four pillars of sustainability, with focus on sub-Saharan Africa (SSA): Environment, Economic, Social and Institutional. The environmental sustainability, which determines economic and social/institutional sustainability, refers to the rate of use of natural resources (soil, water, landscape, vegetation) which can be continued indefinitely without degrading their quality, productivity and ecosystem services for different ecoregions of SSA. This book will help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals of the U.N. in SSA. Therefore, the book is of interest to agriculturalists, economists, social scientists, policy makers, extension agents, and development/bilateral organizations. Basic principles explained in the book can be pertinent to all development organizations.

Kochen

Eine Naturgeschichte der Transformation

Author: Michael Pollan

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3888979897

Category: Cooking

Page: 524

View: 3002

Wie kommen wir in unserem täglichen Leben zu einem tieferen Verständnis der Natur und der besonderen Rolle unserer Spezies darin? Am besten geht man dazu einfach in die Küche, meint Michael Pollan. Und das tut er in seinem neuen, aufregenden Buch "Kochen" und vermisst das Terrain der Küche auf ungewohnte Weise. Pollan beschäftigt sich mit den vier klassischen Elementen – Feuer, Wasser, Luft und Erde –, die das, was die Natur uns liefert, in köstliches Essen und Trinken verwandeln, und geht selbst noch einmal in die Lehre: Bei einem Barbecue-Meister lernt er die Magie des Feuers kennen; ein Chez-Panisse-Koch weist ihn in die Kunst des Schmorens ein; ein Bäcker bringt ihm bei, wie Mehl und Wasser durch Luft in duftendes Brot verwandelt werden; und die 'Fermentos', eine Gruppe verrückter Genies, zu denen ein Brauer und ein Käser gehören, zeigen ihm, wie Pilze und Bakterien eine erstaunliche Alchemie zustande bringen. In all diesen Verwandlungsprozessen nehmen die Köche eine besondere Position ein: die zwischen Natur und Kultur. Mit Pollan lernen auch die Leser, wie uns das Kochen verbindet:?mit Pflanzen und Tieren, mit der Erde und den Bauern, unserer Geschichte und Kultur und natürlich mit den Menschen, mit denen und für die wir kochen. Wenn wir die Freude am Kochen zurückgewinnen, das ist das Fazit dieses wunderbaren Buchs, öffnet sich die Tür zu einem reicheren Leben.

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014347

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 5500

Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.

Annual Report

Author: International Fund for Agricultural Development

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agricultural assistance

Page: N.A

View: 9162

Climate Smart Agriculture

Building resilience to climate change

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251099669

Category: Science

Page: 629

View: 5341

The book expands and formalizes the conceptual foundations of Climate-Smart Agriculture, drawing upon theory and concepts from agricultural development, institutional and resource economics. The book uses economic lens to identify the main features of CSA, its likely impact, and the challenges associated with its implementation. It is a product of the EPIC team in the ESA division and contributes to SO2 OO2. Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is a concept that calls for integration of the need for adaptation and the possibility of mitigation in agricultural growth strategies to support food security. Several countries around the world have expressed intent to adopt CSA approach to managing their agricultural sectors. However there is considerable confusion about what the CSA concept and approach actually involve, and wide variation in how the term is used. It is critical to build a more formal basis for the CSA concept and methodology and at the same time providing illustrations of how the concept can be applied across a range of conditions.