Smart Technologies for Sustainable Smallholder Agriculture

Upscaling in Developing Countries

Author: David Chikoye,Therese Gondwe,Nhamo Nhamo

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128105224

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 330

View: 4005

Smart Technologies for Sustainable Smallholder Agriculture: Upscaling in Developing Countries defines integrated climate smart agricultural technologies (ICSAT) as a suite of interconnected techniques and practices that enhance quantity and quality of agricultural products with minimum impact on the environment. These ICSAT are centered on three main pillars, increased production and income, adaptation and resilience to climate change, and minimizing GHG emissions. This book brings together technologies contributing to the three pillars, explains the context in which they can be scaled up, and identifies research and development gaps as areas requiring further investigation. It stresses the urgency in critically analyzing and recommending ICSAT and scaling out the efforts of both developing and disseminating these in an integrated manner. The book discusses, synthesizes, and offers alternative solutions to agriculture production systems and socio-economic development. It brings together biophysical and socioeconomic disciplines in evaluating suitable ICSAT in an effort to help reduce poverty and food insecurity. Highlights the research gaps and opportunities on climate smart agricultural technologies and institutional arrangements Provides information on institutional engagements that are inclusive of value chain actors that support partnerships and the development of interactive platforms Elaborates some of the effects of climate extremes on production and socioeconomic development on small farms whose impact has potentially large impact

Agricultural Development and Sustainable Intensification

Technology and Policy Challenges in the Face of Climate Change

Author: Udaya Sekhar Nagothu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351403338

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 306

View: 5731

Sustainable Intensification (SI) has recently emerged as a key concept for agricultural development, recognising that yields must increase to feed a growing world population, but it must be achieved without damage to the environment, on finite land resources and while preserving social and natural capital. It also recognises that all initiatives must cope with the challenges of climate change to agricultural production, food security and livelihoods. This multidisciplinary book presents state-of-the-art reviews of current SI approaches to promote major food crops, challenges and advances made in technology, and the institutional and policy measures necessary to overcome the constraints faced by smallholder farmers. Adressing the UN's Sustainable Development Goal 2, the various chapters based on evidence and experiences of reputed researchers show how these innovations, if properly nurtured and implemented, can make a difference to food and nutrition security outcomes. Case studies from around the world are included, with a particular emphasis on Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The focus is not only on scientific aspects such as climate-smart agriculture, agroecology and improving input use efficiency and management, but also on institutional and policy challenges that must be met to increase the net societal benefits of sustainable agricultural intensification. The book is aimed at advanced students and researchers in sustainable agriculture and policy, development practitioners, policy makers and non-governmental and farmer organisations.

Sustainable Food and Agriculture

An Integrated Approach

Author: Clayton Campanhola,Shivaji Pandey

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128121351

Category: Science

Page: 594

View: 1933

Sustainable Food and Agriculture: An Integrated Approach is the first book to look at the imminent threats to sustainable food security through a cross-sectoral lens. As the world faces food supply challenges posed by the declining growth rate of agricultural productivity, accelerated deterioration of quantity and quality of natural resources that underpin agricultural production, climate change, and hunger, poverty and malnutrition, a multi-faced understanding is key to identifying practical solutions. This book gives stakeholders a common vision, concept and methods that are based on proven and widely agreed strategies for continuous improvement in sustainability at different scales. While information on policies and technologies that would enhance productivity and sustainability of individual agricultural sectors is available to some extent, literature is practically devoid of information and experiences for countries and communities considering a comprehensive approach (cross-sectoral policies, strategies and technologies) to SFA. This book is the first effort to fill this gap, providing information on proven options for enhancing productivity, profitability, equity and environmental sustainability of individual sectors and, in addition, how to identify opportunities and actions for exploiting cross-sectoral synergies. Provides proven options of integrated technologies and policies, helping new programs identify appropriate existing programs Presents mechanisms/tools for balancing trade-offs and proposes indicators to facilitate decision-making and progress measurement Positions a comprehensive and informed review of issues in one place for effective education, comparison and evaluation

New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture

Author: Peter B. R. Hazell,Atiqur Rahman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199689342

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 574

View: 7297

There are about 450 million small farms today and they are getting more numerous and smaller by the day. Many have become too small to provide adequate livelihoods or to compete successfully in today's globalised markets. This has led to considerable debate about the future role of small farms and whether it still makes sense for governments to invest in them. This book reviews the current status of small farms around the developing world, and the challenges thatthey face. It finds that policy makers need to differentiate more sharply than in the past between different types of small farms and the types of assistance they need, and discusses strategies appropriate for each type. The book draws on a wealth of recent experience at IFAD and elsewhere to helpidentify best practice approaches.

Improving Crop Productivity in Sustainable Agriculture

Author: Narendra Tuteja,Sarvajeet S. Gill,Renu Tuteja

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527665196

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 8731

An up-to-date overview of current progress in improving crop quality and quantity using modern methods. With a particular emphasis on genetic engineering, this text focusses on crop improvement under adverse conditions, paying special attention to such staple crops as rice, maize, and pulses. It includes an excellent mix of specific examples, such as the creation of nutritionally-fortified rice and a discussion of the political and economic implications of genetically engineered food. The result is a must-have hands-on guide, ideally suited for the biotech and agro industries.

Climate Change and Agricultural Development

Improving Resilience through Climate Smart Agriculture, Agroecology and Conservation

Author: Udaya Sekhar Nagothu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317413695

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 322

View: 1008

Two of the greatest current challenges are climate change (and variability) and food security. Feeding nine billion people by 2050 will require major efforts aimed at climate change adaptation and mitigation. One approach to agriculture has recently been captured by the widely adopted term of "Climate Smart Agriculture" (CSA). This book not only explains what this entails, but also presents practical on-the-ground studies of practices and innovations in agriculture across a broader spectrum, including agroecology and conservation agriculture, in less developed countries. It is shown that CSA is not a completely new science and a number of its recommended technologies have been used for some time by local farmers all over the world. What is relevant and new is ‘the approach’ to exploit their adaptation and mitigation potential. However, a major limitation is the lack of evidence-based knowledge that is necessary for policy makers to prepare strategies for adaptation and mitigation. This book assembles knowledge of CSA, agroecology and conservation agriculture, and perspectives from different regions of the world, to build resilient food systems. The first part analyzes the concept, opportunities and challenges, and provides a global perspective, drawing particularly on studies from Africa and Asia. The second part of the book showcases results from various studies linked to soil, water and crop management measures from an ongoing program in India as well as experiences from other regions. The third section assesses the needs for an enabling policy environment, mainstreaming gender and sime final recommendations for up-scaling and/or out-scaling innovations.

A business case for engaging the private sector in climate-smart solutions for smallholder farmers

Author: Mutamba, M.,Ajayi, O.C.

Publisher: CTA

ISBN: 9290816317

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 40

View: 8017

Large and growing numbers of poor rural households depend on climate-sensitive agriculture and operate on the margins of the mainstream economy. This combined with a broken public extension service and faltering international development efforts places millions of smallholder farmers at disproportionately high risk from a changing climate. Acknowledging the magnitude of the challenge and the required pace and scale of response, coupled with honest introspection on past performance, has prompted the need to look beyond the public sector for delivering climate-smart solutions. Harnessing the financial, technological and intellectual capital in the private sector to complement public sector-driven climate responses is a new dimension in delivery of sustainable climate-smart solutions at scale.

Arbeit in der digitalisierten Welt

Beiträge der Fachtagung des BMBF 2015

Author: Christopher Schlick

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593505029

Category: Social Science

Page: 249

View: 5802

Die Digitalisierung verändert zunehmend die Arbeitswelt. Sie bietet Beschäftigten die Möglichkeit, Arbeitszeiten und -orte flexibel zu gestalten und gleichzeitig ergebnisorientiert zu arbeiten. Die Erfolge des Wirtschaftsstandorts Deutschland hängen stark davon ab, inwieweit es Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft gelingt, diese Veränderungen konstruktiv zu nutzen. Die Autorinnen und Autoren geben Antworten auf die Fragen, welche Rolle Arbeit zukünftig in der digitalen Gesellschaft spielen wird und wie die Arbeit der Zukunft gestaltet werden kann.

Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries

Leveraging Current Knowledge and Exploring Future Potential for Climate-Smart Agriculture

Author: Sebastian B. Scholz,Thomas Sembres,Kelli Roberts,Thea Whitman,Kelpie Wilson,Johannes Lehmann

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821395262

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 230

View: 6029

This report offers a review of what is known about opportunities and risks of biochar systems in developing countries. Its aim is to fill in critical knowledge gaps between the biochar research community and development practicioners on the ground.

Climate Change and Multi-Dimensional Sustainability in African Agriculture

Climate Change and Sustainability in Agriculture

Author: Rattan Lal,David Kraybill,David O. Hansen,Bal Ram Singh,Theodosy Mosogoya,Lars Olav Eik

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319412388

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 717

View: 8183

This 35-chapter book is based on several oral and poster presentations including both invited and contributory chapters. The book is thematically based on four pillars of sustainability, with focus on sub-Saharan Africa (SSA): Environment, Economic, Social and Institutional. The environmental sustainability, which determines economic and social/institutional sustainability, refers to the rate of use of natural resources (soil, water, landscape, vegetation) which can be continued indefinitely without degrading their quality, productivity and ecosystem services for different ecoregions of SSA. This book will help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals of the U.N. in SSA. Therefore, the book is of interest to agriculturalists, economists, social scientists, policy makers, extension agents, and development/bilateral organizations. Basic principles explained in the book can be pertinent to all development organizations.

Climate Smart Agriculture

Building resilience to climate change

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251099669

Category: Science

Page: 629

View: 4766

The book expands and formalizes the conceptual foundations of Climate-Smart Agriculture, drawing upon theory and concepts from agricultural development, institutional and resource economics. The book uses economic lens to identify the main features of CSA, its likely impact, and the challenges associated with its implementation. It is a product of the EPIC team in the ESA division and contributes to SO2 OO2. Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is a concept that calls for integration of the need for adaptation and the possibility of mitigation in agricultural growth strategies to support food security. Several countries around the world have expressed intent to adopt CSA approach to managing their agricultural sectors. However there is considerable confusion about what the CSA concept and approach actually involve, and wide variation in how the term is used. It is critical to build a more formal basis for the CSA concept and methodology and at the same time providing illustrations of how the concept can be applied across a range of conditions.

Die Zukunft des Lebens

Author: Edward O. Wilson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442152827

Category:

Page: 255

View: 397

Climate Smart Agriculture

Building Resilience to Climate Change

Author: Leslie Lipper,Nancy McCarthy,David Zilberman,Solomon Asfaw,Giacomo Branca

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319611941

Category: Science

Page: 630

View: 5396

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO license. The book uses an economic lens to identify the main features of climate-smart agriculture (CSA), its likely impact, and the challenges associated with its implementation. Drawing upon theory and concepts from agricultural development, institutional, and resource economics, this book expands and formalizes the conceptual foundations of CSA. Focusing on the adaptation/resilience dimension of CSA, the text embraces a mixture of conceptual analyses, including theory, empirical and policy analysis, and case studies, to look at adaptation and resilience through three possible avenues: ex-ante reduction of vulnerability, increasing adaptive capacity, and ex-post risk coping. The book is divided into three sections. The first section provides conceptual framing, giving an overview of the CSA concept and grounding it in core economic principles. The second section is devoted to a set of case studies illustrating the economic basis of CSA in terms of reducing vulnerability, increasing adaptive capacity and ex-post risk coping. The final section addresses policy issues related to climate change. Providing information on this new and important field in an approachable way, this book helps make sense of CSA and fills intellectual and policy gaps by defining the concept and placing it within an economic decision-making framework. This book will be of interest to agricultural, environmental, and natural resource economists, development economists, and scholars of development studies, climate change, and agriculture. It will also appeal to policy-makers, development practitioners, and members of governmental and non-governmental organizations interested in agriculture, food security and climate change.

Beten, Impfen, Sammeln

zur Viehseuchen- und Schädlingsbekämpfung in der Frühen Neuzeit

Author: Katharina Engelken

Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen

ISBN: 3938616954

Category: Agriculture (General)

Page: 230

View: 1159

Das von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft geförderte Graduiertenkolleg Interdisziplinäre Umweltgeschichte. Naturale Umwelt und gesellschaftliches Handeln in Mitteleuropa hat am 1. Juli 2004 an der Georg-August-Universität in Göttingen seine Arbeit aufgenommen. Im Interesse forschungsorientierter Interdisziplinarität gruppiert sich das Studienprogramm des Graduiertenkollegs um eine Reihe von Workshops mit deutschen und internationalen Vertretern umweltgeschichtlicher Disziplinen. Der vorliegende Band ist das Ergebnis eines Workshops, welchen die HerausgeberInnen am 21. und 22. Juni 2006 in Göttingen unter dem Titel: Herausforderung Ressourcensicherung Zur Viehseuchen und Schädlingsbekämpfung im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert veranstalteten. WissenschaftlerInnen aus Dänemark, Deutschland, Kanada, Österreich, der Schweiz und den Up. waren eingeladen worden, in diesem Kontext unterschiedliche Aspekte des Mensch-Natur-Verhältnisses zu erörtern. Der Workshop hatte das Ziel, durch die Verknüpfung verschiedener geschichtswissenschaftlicher Ansätze neue Perspektiven auf die Geschichte der Wahrnehmung und Bekämpfung von Schädlingen und Tierseuchen in der frühen Neuzeit zu eröffnen. Dieser Tagungsband enthält ausgewählte Beiträge des Workshops, welche besonders die Wechselwirkungen zwischen Ökonomie, Umwelt und Gesellschaft in Krisenzeiten analysieren.

Das Kyoto-Protokoll

Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014347

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 4033

Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.

The Climate-Smart Agriculture Papers

Investigating the Business of a Productive, Resilient and Low Emission Future

Author: Todd Rosenstock,Andreea Nowak,Evan Girvetz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319927978

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 323

View: 4243

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This volume shares new data relating to Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA), with emphasis on experiences in Eastern and Southern Africa. The book is a collection of research by authors from over 30 institutions, spanning the public and private sectors, with specific knowledge on agricultural development in the region discussed. The material is assembled to answer key questions on the following five topic areas: (1) Climate impacts: What are the most significant current and near future climate risks undermining smallholder livelihoods? (2) Varieties: How can climate-smart varieties be delivered quickly and cost-effectively to smallholders? (3) Farm management: What are key lessons on the contributions from soil and water management to climate risk reduction and how should interventions be prioritized? (4) Value chains: How can climate risks to supply and value chains be reduced? and (5) Scaling up: How can most promising climate risks reduction strategies be quickly scaled up and what are critical success factors? Readers who will be interested in this book include students, policy makers, and researchers studying climate change impacts on agriculture and agricultural sustainability.

Adapting to Climate Uncertainty in African Agriculture

Narratives and knowledge politics

Author: Stephen Whitfield

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317534735

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 190

View: 390

Future climatic and agro-ecological changes in Africa are uncertain and associated with high degrees of spatial and temporal variability and this change is differently simulated within divergent climate-crop models and in controlled crop breeding stations. Furthermore, uncertainty emerges in local contexts, not just in response to climatic systems, but to social, economic, and political systems, and often with implications for the appropriateness and adoption of technologies or the success of alternative cropping systems. This book examines the challenges of adaptation in smallholder farming in Africa, analysing the social, economic, political and climatic uncertainties that impact on agriculture in the region and the range of solutions proposed. Drawing on case studies of genetically modified crops, conservation agriculture, and other 'climate smart' solutions in eastern and southern Africa, the book identifies how uncertainties are framed 'from above' as well experienced 'from below', by farmers themselves. It provides a compelling insight into why ideas about adaptation emerge, from whom, and with what implications. This book offers a unique perspective and will be highly relevant to students of climate change adaptation, food security and poverty alleviation, as well as policy-makers and field practitioners in international development and agronomy.