Social Health Insurance for Developing Nations

Author: R. Paul Shaw

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821369504

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 4799

Specialist groups have often advised health ministers and other decision makers in developing countries on the use of social health insurance (SHI) as a way of mobilizing revenue for health, reforming health sector performance, and providing universal coverage. This book reviews the specific design and implementation challenges facing SHI in low- and middle-income countries and presents case studies on Ghana, Kenya, Philippines, Colombia, and Thailand.

Poverty and Inequality in Middle Income Countries

Policy Achievements, Political Obstacles

Author: Einar Braathen,Julian May,Marianne Ulriksen,Gemma C. Wright

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 178360560X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 5713

This collection offers a timely reassessment of viable ways of addressing poverty across the globe today. The profile of global poverty has changed dramatically over the past decade, and around three-quarters of the poor now live in middle income countries, making inequality a major issue. This requires us to fundamentally rethink anti-poverty strategies and policies, as many aspects of the established framework for poverty reduction are no longer effective. Featuring contributions from Latin America, Africa and Asia, this much-needed collection answers some of the key questions arising as development policy confronts the challenges of poverty and inequality on the global, national and local scale in both urban and rural contexts. Providing poverty researchers and practitioners with valuable new tools to address new forms of poverty in the right way, Poverty and Inequality in Middle Income Countries shows how a radical switch from aid to redistribution-based social policies is needed to combat new forms of global poverty.

Moving Toward Universal Coverage of Social Health Insurance in Vietnam

Assessment and Options

Author: Aparnaa Somanathan,Ajay Tandon,Huong Lan Dao,Kari L. Hurt,Hernan L. Fuenzalida-Puelma

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464802610

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 4320

Over the past two decades Vietnam has made enormous progress to expand health insurance coverage to its population. Further progress will require significant additional public financing, as well as efforts improve efficiency and strengthen insurance organization and management. It contains recommendations and next steps for Vietnam to follow.

Making Health Services More Accessible in Developing Countries

Finance and Health Resources for Functioning Health Systems

Author: H. Uchimura

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230250777

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 270

View: 2081

Health is increasingly a critical concern in the context of development. This book examines the function of health systems, particularly the key factors: finance, human resources, pharmaceuticals, public facilities and stresses the importance of improving access to health services in developing countries.

Health Sector Reform in Developing Countries

Making Health Development Sustainable

Author: Peter A. Berman

Publisher: Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies


Category: Medical

Page: 418

View: 3015

In Mexico City or Nairobi or Manila, a young girl in one part of the city is near death with measles, while, not far away, an elderly man awaits transplantation of a new kidney. How is one denied a cheap, simple, and effective remedy while another can command the most advanced technology medicine can offer? Can countries like Mexico, Kenya, or the Philippines, with limited funds and medical resources, find an affordable, effective, and fair way to balance competing health needs and demands? Such dilemmas are the focus of this insightful book in which leading international researchers bring together the latest thinking on how developing countries can reform health care. The choices these poorer countries make today will determine the pace of health improvement for vast numbers of people now and in the future. Exploring new ideas and concepts, as well as the practical experiences of nations in all parts of the world, this volume provides valuable insights and information to both generalists and specialists interested in how health care will look in the world of the twenty-first century.

The Impact of Health Insurance in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Author: Maria-Luisa Escobar,Charles C. Griffin,R. Paul Shaw

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815705611

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 5047

Over the past twenty years, many low- and middle-income countries have experimented with health insurance options. While their plans have varied widely in scale and ambition, their goals are the same: to make health services more affordable through the use of public subsidies while also moving care providers partially or fully into competitive markets. Colombia embarked in 1993 on a fifteen-year effort to cover its entire population with insurance, in combination with greater freedom to choose among providers. A decade later Mexico followed suit with a program tailored to its federal system. Several African nations have introduced new programs in the past decade, and many are testing options for reform. For the past twenty years, Eastern Europe has been shifting from government-run care to insurance-based competitive systems, and both China and India have experimental programs to expand coverage. These nations are betting that insurance-based health care financing can increase the accessibility of services, increase providers' productivity, and change the population's health care use patterns, mirroring the development of health systems in most OECD countries. Until now, however, we have known little about the actual effects of these dramatic policy changes. Understanding the impact of health insurance–based care is key to the public policy debate of whether to extend insurance to low-income populations—and if so, how to do it—or to serve them through other means. Using recent household data, this book presents evidence of the impact of insurance programs in China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ghana, Indonesia, Namibia, and Peru. The contributors also discuss potential design improvements that could increase impact. They provide innovative insights on improving the evaluation of health insurance reforms and on building a robust knowledge base to guide policy as other countries tackle the health insurance challenge.

Population and Health in Developing Countries

Author: Maryse Gaimard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400767935

Category: Social Science

Page: 165

View: 5441

This book provides an overview of the health of developing nations in the early twenty-first century. The basic assumption is that the health of a population is not independent of broader demographic trends, and does follow the health transition model. The coverage is broad, ranging from health transition in developing countries, to the health of women, to an analysis of morbidity. Population health is an essential component of human and social development. As both a means and an end of development, health lies at the heart of underdevelopment, and ranks first on the list of international priorities. The WHO slogan ‘Health for all in 2000’ reflects the spirit of a more general movement in favor of health promotion throughout the world. But the developing world is far from reaching this aim. The health of populations has improved in developing regions but there are still deep inequalities, and serious problems remain, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. After reviewing the core concepts of population health, the book examines health transition in developing countries, a process that has resulted in a double burden of diseases. A discussion of mortality in developing countries serves to highlight the high rates of child mortality in these regions. The book devotes a full chapter to women’s health, and its chapter-length analysis of morbidity highlights the double burden weighing down developing populations and concludes with an analysis of health systems in developing countries.

Biomedical Engineering for Global Health

Author: Rebecca Richards-Kortum

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521877970

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 1796

Can technology and innovation transform world health? Connecting undergraduate students with global problems, Rebecca Richards-Kortum examines the interplay between biomedical technology design and the medical, regulatory, economic, social and ethical issues surrounding global health. Driven by case studies, including cancer screening, imaging technologies, implantable devices and vaccines, students learn how the complexities and variation across the globe affect the design of devices and therapies. A wealth of learning features, including classroom activities, project assignments, homework problems and weblinks within the book and online, provide a full teaching package. For visionary general science and biomedical engineering courses, this book will inspire students to engage in solving global issues that face us all.

Labor Markets and Integrating National Economies

Author: Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815791416

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 154

View: 825

"This timely book provides a wide-ranging and insightful discussion of how labor market institutions and policies influence the mechanisms of economic integration and how economic integration inturn is likely to influence key features of labor markets. It offers both a clear analysis of these issues and a wealth of comparative labor market data." Robert J. Flanagan, Stanford University A volume of the Integrating National Economies Series

Health Planning for Effective Management

Author: William A. Reinke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199748683

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 1883

Emphasizing practical considerations in designing and carrying out primary health care programs, this is a superb introductory text for public health students. It will be of particular interest to those working with rural populations in developing countries with limited resources. Part I covers policy issues and the conceptual framework for planning, management and evaluation. Part II reviews essential methods for effective implementation, considering the economic, political, epidemiologic, demographic and other components that contribute to the assessment of health needs and resource allocation. Part III discusses specific tools and techniques in program management related to decision analysis, network analysis, survey techniques, cost-effectiveness appraisal, and much more. Comprehensive and informative, this highly practical work is the result of many years of experience in teaching and working with health care planners from around the world.

Social Health Insurance

Selected Case Studies from Asia and the Pacific

Author: World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific,Who,World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia,World Health Organization

Publisher: Who Regional Office for South East


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 372

View: 3997

Health development in countries of Asia and the Pacific is constantly facing new challenges but financial constraints prevent people from seeking timely health care and completing the treatment regimen. Many countries in Asia and the Pacific have introduced cost recovery by charging for publicly provided health services and the share of private financing in total health care spending has significantly increased in the past two decades. However such reforms were carried out without adequate measures to protect the poor and private out-of-pocket financing is an inequitable and inefficient way of funding health services. There has thus been growing interest in health insurance not only as a financing mechanism, but also as an effective social safety net. This publication is the outcome of joint efforts by the WHO Regional Offices for the Western Pacific and South-East Asia, the Asian Development Bank, and health care financing experts in the two regions. By the use of case studies it documents regional experiences in health care financing arrangements through prepayment, with critical analysis on factors linked to success, failures and lessons learnt in various socioeconomic settings. While experiences from 12 selected countries have been highlighted, the lessons are relevant for all countries in Asia and the Pacific. The publication will therefore be useful for policy makers and for international development partners undertaking technical assistance in the field of social security and social health insurance.

Die ökonomischen Institutionen des Kapitalismus

Unternehmen, Märkte, Kooperationen

Author: Oliver E. Williamson

Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek

ISBN: 9783163454330

Category: Political Science

Page: 382

View: 4178

English summary: It is Oliver E. Williamson's theory that people behave rationally to a limited extent only and tend to act in their own interests. He shows how post-contractual problems can arise within the framework of relationship-specific dealings, which are subject to a great deal of environmental uncertainty and require specific investments. In order to cope with these problems, capitalist economic systems provide numerous institutions and coordination mechanisms whose efficiency is examined.Williamson studies economic transactions from an economic, legal and organizational perspective. He differentiates between the individual frequency. In doing so, he assigns the most efficient, i.e. the most cost-effective form of coordination to each type of transaction. The structuring, the monitoring of corporations and issues in antitrust law) as well as highly significant empirical evidence attest to its practical importance. German description: Oliver E. Williamson geht von der Annahme aus, dass Menschen sich nur in begrenztem Masse rational verhalten und dazu neigen, im Eigeninteresse zu handeln. Er zeigt, wie es im Rahmen von Leistungsbeziehungen, die einer hohen Umweltunsicherheit unterliegen und spezifische Investitionen erfordern, zu nachvertraglichen Problemen kommt. Kapitalistische Wirtschaftssysteme stellen fur die Bewaltigung dieser Probleme zahlreiche Institutionen bzw. Koordinationsmechanismen zur Verfugung, die auf ihre Effizienz untersucht werden.Wirtschaftliche Leistungsbeziehungen (Transaktionen) werden aus okonomischer, rechtlicher und organisatorischer Sicht untersucht. Die einzelnen Transaktionen werden nach den Kriterien Spezifitat, Unsicherheit, Komplexitat und Haufigkeit unterschieden. Jedem Transaktionstyp wird dabei die effizienteste, d.h. kostengunstigste Koordinationsform zugeordnet. Den hohen praktischen Stellenwert dieser Vorgehensweise beweisen die zahlreichen Anwendungsmoglichkeiten (Vertikale Integration, Unternehmensstrukturierung, Kontrolle in Aktiengesellschaften und kartellrechtliche Fragestellungen) sowie hochsignifikante empirische Befunde.Die deutsche Ubersetzung der erfolgreichen amerikanischen Originalausgabe wendet sich sowohl an Wissenschaftler als auch an Praktiker, die an einer Integration von okonomischen, rechtlichen und organisatorischen Fragestellungen interessiert sind.

Financing Global Social Development

Report of the International Forum for Social Development, United Nations Headquarters, New York, 7 and 8 February 2002

Author: United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs,International Forum for Social Development (2002 : United Nations Headquarters)

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211302271

Category: Developing countries

Page: 44

View: 9576

This report includes details of the debates that took place and a complete list of participants at the Forum, which was attended by 44 invitees from different regions of the world.--Publisher's description.

United Nations Documents Index

April-June 2001

Author: N.A

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211008807


Page: 1194

View: 2472

The United Nations Documents Index covers documents and publications issued by United Nations offices worldwide. The publication indexes a wide variety of documentation such as major reports and studies, resolutions and decisions, draft resolutions and meeting records, including documents of restricted distribution. The information in this publication is arranged in the following nine sections: documents and publications; official records; sales publications; United Nations maps included in UN documents; United Nations sheet maps; United Nations document series symbols; author index; title index and subject index.

Reinventing the Left in the Global South

The Politics of the Possible

Author: Richard Sandbrook

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107072786

Category: Political Science

Page: 309

View: 3471

A fresh appraisal of the nature and significance of the democratic left in the Global South.