Social Health Insurance for Developing Nations

Author: R. Paul Shaw

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821369504

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 2339

Specialist groups have often advised health ministers and other decision makers in developing countries on the use of social health insurance (SHI) as a way of mobilizing revenue for health, reforming health sector performance, and providing universal coverage. This book reviews the specific design and implementation challenges facing SHI in low- and middle-income countries and presents case studies on Ghana, Kenya, Philippines, Colombia, and Thailand.

Improving Health Sector Performance

Institutions, Motivations and Incentives : the Cambodia Dialogue

Author: Hossein Jalilian,Vicheth Sen

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian

ISBN: 9814345520

Category: Medical

Page: 430

View: 2722

There is growing international evidence that the effectiveness of health services stems primarily from the extent to which the incentives facing providers and consumers are aligned with "better health" objectives. Efficiency in health service provision requires that providers and consumers have incentives to use healthcare resources in ways that generate the maximum health gains. Equity in at least one sense requires that consumers requiring the same care are treated equally, irrespective of their ability to pay. Efficiency in the use of health services requires that consumers are knowledgeable about the services on offer and which are most appropriate to their needs. Although these principles are enshrined in the design of every health system in the world, they have proven extremely difficult to apply in practice. Healthcare providers have financial obligations to their families as well as professional obligations to their patients. Health service consumers generally lack information about both their health and health services so that they under-consume or over-consume healthcare.

Health Insurance Handbook

How to Make It Work

Author: Hong Wang,Kimberly Switlick,Christine Ortiz,Beatriz Zurita,Catherine Connor

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082138953X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 136

View: 4828

Many countries that subscribe to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have committed to ensuring access to basic health services for their citizens. Health insurance has been considered and promoted as the major financing mechanism to improve access to health services, as well to provide financial risk protection.

Thailand’s Political Peasants

Power in the Modern Rural Economy

Author: Andrew Walker

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Pres

ISBN: 0299288234

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 7297

When a populist movement elected Thaksin Shinawatra as prime minister of Thailand in 2001, many of the country’s urban elite dismissed the outcome as just another symptom of rural corruption, a traditional patronage system dominated by local strongmen pressuring their neighbors through political bullying and vote-buying. In Thailand’s Political Peasants, however, Andrew Walker argues that the emergence of an entirely new socioeconomic dynamic has dramatically changed the relations of Thai peasants with the state, making them a political force to be reckoned with. Whereas their ancestors focused on subsistence, this generation of middle-income peasants seeks productive relationships with sources of state power, produces cash crops, and derives additional income through non-agricultural work. In the increasingly decentralized, disaggregated country, rural villagers and farmers have themselves become entrepreneurs and agents of the state at the local level, while the state has changed from an extractor of taxes to a supplier of subsidies and a patron of development projects. Thailand’s Political Peasants provides an original, provocative analysis that encourages an ethnographic rethinking of rural politics in rapidly developing countries. Drawing on six years of fieldwork in Ban Tiam, a rural village in northern Thailand, Walker shows how analyses of peasant politics that focus primarily on rebellion, resistance, and evasion are becoming less useful for understanding emergent forms of political society.

Financing Health Services in Developing Countries

An Agenda for Reform

Author: John S. Akin,Nancy Birdsall,David M. De Ferranti

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821309001

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 93

View: 2336

This report discusses several different approaches that support reforming health care services in developing countries. For some time now, health care services have been supported by government funds. As demands for improving health care services continue to increase additional demands will be placed on governments to respond. This, however, will not be easy. Slow economic growth and record budget deficits in the 1980's have forced reductions in public spending. Alternative approaches to finance health care services are needed. Such possible changes could involve: decentralization of federal government involvement; the promotion of nongovernment involvement; the imposition of user fees; and, establishing health insurance. Finally, the role of the Bank in pursuing new financing strategies is discussed.

An International Assessment of Health Care Financing

Lessons for Developing Countries

Author: David W. Dunlop,Jo. M. Martins

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821332535

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 198

View: 3396

World Bank Discussion Paper No. 308. A major obstacle in creating secure banks in transitional economies is the absence of political will and the lack of traditions and techniques for governing and regulating financial intermediaries. This paper provides a comprehensive, annotated model contract for policymakers and bank executives to help them discipline troubled banks.

Biomedical Engineering for Global Health

Author: Rebecca Richards-Kortum

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521877970

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 1533

Can technology and innovation transform world health? Connecting undergraduate students with global problems, Rebecca Richards-Kortum examines the interplay between biomedical technology design and the medical, regulatory, economic, social and ethical issues surrounding global health. Driven by case studies, including cancer screening, imaging technologies, implantable devices and vaccines, students learn how the complexities and variation across the globe affect the design of devices and therapies. A wealth of learning features, including classroom activities, project assignments, homework problems and weblinks within the book and online, provide a full teaching package. For visionary general science and biomedical engineering courses, this book will inspire students to engage in solving global issues that face us all.

Labor Markets and Integrating National Economies

Author: Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815791416

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 154

View: 4372

"This timely book provides a wide-ranging and insightful discussion of how labor market institutions and policies influence the mechanisms of economic integration and how economic integration inturn is likely to influence key features of labor markets. It offers both a clear analysis of these issues and a wealth of comparative labor market data." Robert J. Flanagan, Stanford University A volume of the Integrating National Economies Series

Health Planning for Effective Management

Author: William A. Reinke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199748683

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 4261

Emphasizing practical considerations in designing and carrying out primary health care programs, this is a superb introductory text for public health students. It will be of particular interest to those working with rural populations in developing countries with limited resources. Part I covers policy issues and the conceptual framework for planning, management and evaluation. Part II reviews essential methods for effective implementation, considering the economic, political, epidemiologic, demographic and other components that contribute to the assessment of health needs and resource allocation. Part III discusses specific tools and techniques in program management related to decision analysis, network analysis, survey techniques, cost-effectiveness appraisal, and much more. Comprehensive and informative, this highly practical work is the result of many years of experience in teaching and working with health care planners from around the world.

Factfulness

Wie wir lernen, die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist

Author: Hans Rosling,Anna Rosling Rönnlund,Ola Rosling

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843717451

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 8162

Es wird alles immer schlimmer, eine schreckliche Nachricht jagt die andere: Die Reichen werden reicher, die Armen ärmer. Es gibt immer mehr Kriege, Gewaltverbrechen, Naturkatastrophen. Viele Menschen tragen solche beängstigenden Bilder im Kopf. Doch sie liegen damit grundfalsch. Unser Gehirn verführt uns zu einer dramatisierenden Weltsicht, die mitnichten der Realität entspricht, wie der geniale Statistiker und Wissenschaftler Hans Rosling erklärt. Wer das Buch gelesen hat, wird • ein sicheres, auf Fakten basierendes Gerüst besitzen, um die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist • die zehn gängigsten Arten von aufgebauschten Geschichten erkennen • bessere Entscheidungen treffen können • wahre Factfulness erreichen – jene offene, neugierige und entspannte Geisteshaltung, in der Sie nur noch Ansichten teilen und Urteile fällen, die auf soliden Fakten basieren

Private Voluntary Health Insurance in Development

Friend Or Foe?

Author: Alexander S. Preker,Richard M. Scheffler,Mark C. Bassett

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821366203

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 424

View: 3551

Private voluntary health insurance already plays an important role in the health sector of many low and middle income countries. The book reviews the context under which private insurance could contribute to an improvement in the financial sustainability of the health sector, financial protection against the costs of illness, household income smoothing, access to care, and market productivity. This volume is the third in aseries of in-depth reviews of the role of health care financing in providing access for low-income populations to needed healthcare, protecting them from the impoverishing effects of illness, and addressing the important issues of social exclusion in government financed programs.

Social Health Insurance

Selected Case Studies from Asia and the Pacific

Author: World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Western Pacific,Who,World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia,World Health Organization

Publisher: Who Regional Office for South East

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 372

View: 9308

Health development in countries of Asia and the Pacific is constantly facing new challenges but financial constraints prevent people from seeking timely health care and completing the treatment regimen. Many countries in Asia and the Pacific have introduced cost recovery by charging for publicly provided health services and the share of private financing in total health care spending has significantly increased in the past two decades. However such reforms were carried out without adequate measures to protect the poor and private out-of-pocket financing is an inequitable and inefficient way of funding health services. There has thus been growing interest in health insurance not only as a financing mechanism, but also as an effective social safety net. This publication is the outcome of joint efforts by the WHO Regional Offices for the Western Pacific and South-East Asia, the Asian Development Bank, and health care financing experts in the two regions. By the use of case studies it documents regional experiences in health care financing arrangements through prepayment, with critical analysis on factors linked to success, failures and lessons learnt in various socioeconomic settings. While experiences from 12 selected countries have been highlighted, the lessons are relevant for all countries in Asia and the Pacific. The publication will therefore be useful for policy makers and for international development partners undertaking technical assistance in the field of social security and social health insurance.

Financing Global Social Development

Report of the International Forum for Social Development, United Nations Headquarters, New York, 7 and 8 February 2002

Author: United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs,International Forum for Social Development (2002 : United Nations Headquarters)

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211302271

Category: Developing countries

Page: 44

View: 8578

This report includes details of the debates that took place and a complete list of participants at the Forum, which was attended by 44 invitees from different regions of the world.--Publisher's description.

United Nations Documents Index

April-June 2001

Author: N.A

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211008807

Category:

Page: 1194

View: 2661

The United Nations Documents Index covers documents and publications issued by United Nations offices worldwide. The publication indexes a wide variety of documentation such as major reports and studies, resolutions and decisions, draft resolutions and meeting records, including documents of restricted distribution. The information in this publication is arranged in the following nine sections: documents and publications; official records; sales publications; United Nations maps included in UN documents; United Nations sheet maps; United Nations document series symbols; author index; title index and subject index.

National Strategies for Health Care Organization

A World Overview

Author: Milton Irwin Roemer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 426

View: 1832

The book is organized in 5 parts. First are 3 chapters offering historical background and an overview of health care organization. Part 2 consists of seven chapters on developing countries--five of them specific countries and two on certain aspects of developing countries as a whole. Part 3 is devoted to industrialized countries--three chapters on selected nations and three on strategies and their effects on groups of such countries. Part 4 offers analyses of four socialist countries--two of which are industrialized and developed and two of which are more agricultural and less economically developed. Part 5 contains chapters that examine five features of all health care systems as they are implemented under various national strategies.

Reinventing the Left in the Global South

The Politics of the Possible

Author: Richard Sandbrook

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107072786

Category: Political Science

Page: 309

View: 6279

A fresh appraisal of the nature and significance of the democratic left in the Global South.