Explaining the Normative

Author: Stephen P. Turner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745654533

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 2698

Normativity is what gives reasons their force, makes words meaningful, and makes rules and laws binding. It is present whenever we use such terms as ‘correct,' ‘ought,' ‘must,' and the language of obligation, responsibility, and logical compulsion. Yet normativists, the philosophers committed to this idea, admit that the idea of a non-causal normative realm and a body of normative objects is spooky. Explaining the Normative is the first systematic, historically grounded critique of normativism. It identifies the standard normativist pattern of argument, and shows how this pattern depends on circularities, assumptions about the unique correctness of preferred descriptions, problematic transcendental arguments, and regress arguments that end in mysteries. The book considers in detail a paradigm case: legal normativity as constructed by Hans Kelsen. This case exemplifies the problems with normativist arguments. But it also shows how normativism was constructed as an alternative to ordinary social science explanation. The normativist argument is that social science explanations themselves are forced to rely on normative conceptsÑminimally, on normative rationality and on a normative view of ‘concepts' themselves. Empathic understanding of the reasoning and meanings of others, however, can solve the regress problems about meaning and rationality that are central to the appeal of normativism. This account has no need for a parallel normative world, and has a surprising and revealing lineage in the history of philosophy, as well as a basis in neuroscience.

Sociological Explanation As Translation

Author: Stephen P. Turner

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521230308

Category: Social Science

Page: 110

View: 7365

First published in 1980, this book examines the nature of sociological explanation. The tactics of interpretive sociology have often remained obscure because of confusion over the nature of the evidence for interpretation and the nature of decisions among alternative interpretations. In providing an account of the problem of interpretive sociological claims, the author argues that there is rationality to interpretation. He also presents a fresh view of the relationship between qualitative and statistical claims and shows their complementary character. Dr. Turner's lucid and comprehensive analysis breaks new ground in its fundamental re-examination of the conceptual basis for "explaining" social behaviour. By its call for more rigourous conceptual sophistication in attempted explanations of social behaviour, this book will stimulate controversy and lively discussion among sociologists.

The Disobedient Generation

Social Theorists in the Sixties

Author: Alan Sica,Stephen P. Turner

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226756257

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 368

View: 7511

The late 1960s are remembered today as the last time wholesale social upheaval shook Europe and the United States. College students during that tumultuous period—epitomized by the events of May 1968—were as permanently marked in their worldviews as their parents had been by the Depression and World War II. Sociology was at the center of these events, and it changed decisively because of them. The Disobedient Generation collects newly written autobiographies by an international cross-section of well-known sociologists, all of them "children of the '60s." It illuminates the human experience of living through that decade as apprentice scholars and activists, encountering the issues of class, race, the Establishment, the decline of traditional religion, feminism, war, and the sexual revolution. In each case the interlinked crises of young adulthood, rapid change, and nascent professional careers shaped this generation's private and public selves. This is an intensely personal collective portrait of a generation in a time of struggle.

Philosophy of Anthropology and Sociology

A Volume in the Handbook of the Philosophy of Science Series

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080466648

Category: Philosophy

Page: 900

View: 4505

This volume concerns philosophical issues that arise from the practice of anthropology and sociology. The essays cover a wide range of issues, including traditional questions in the philosophy of social science as well as those specific to these disciplines. Authors attend to the historical development of the current debates and set the stage for future work. · Comprehensive survey of philosophical issues in anthropology and sociology · Historical discussion of important debates · Applications to current research in anthropology and sociology

Understanding the Tacit

Author: Stephen P. Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134644027

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 3897

This book outlines a new account of the tacit, meaning tacit knowledge, presuppositions, practices, traditions, and so forth. It includes essays on topics such as underdetermination and mutual understanding, and critical discussions of the major alternative approaches to the tacit, including Bourdieu’s habitus and various practice theories, Oakeshott’s account of tradition, Quentin Skinner’s theory of historical meaning, Harry Collins’s idea of collective tacit knowledge, as well as discussions of relevant cognitive science concepts, such as non-conceptual content, connectionism, and mirror neurons. The new account of tacit knowledge focuses on the fact that in making the tacit explicit, a person is not, as many past accounts have supposed, reading off the content of some sort of shared and fixed tacit scheme of presuppositions, but rather responding to the needs of the Other for understanding.

Subject Guide to Books in Print

An Index to the Publishers' Trade List Annual

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 3174

Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 6304

American Book Publishing Record

BPR annual cumulative

Author: Bowker Editorial Staff

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: United States

Page: 1470

View: 8810

ASR

Author: Frank Hamilton Hankins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 7880

Includes sections "Book reviews" and "Periodical literature."

Footnotes

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 3472

Series

AAAS to Intro Handbks

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780835221061

Category:

Page: 1444

View: 1159

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 801

Beschleunigung und Entfremdung

Entwurf einer kritischen Theorie spätmoderner Zeitlichkeit

Author: Hartmut Rosa

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518731599

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 1475

Die rasante Beschleunigung des sozialen Lebens ist eines der hervorstechenden Merkmale der Gegenwart, wird in den Sozialwissenschaften aber häufig übersehen. Hartmut Rosa hat mit seinen maßgeblichen Untersuchungen diesbezüglich Grundlagenarbeit geleistet. In seinem neuen Essay legt er dar, wie eine kritische Gesellschaftstheorie verfasst sein muss, die den Zusammenhang von Beschleunigung und Entfremdung ernst nimmt. Im Mittelpunkt steht die Frage nach dem guten Leben – und warum es uns heute vielfach nicht gelingt, ein solches zu führen. Immerhin sind durch die Liberalisierung moralischer Normen und sozialer Konventionen die in den westlichen Gesellschaften vorhandenen Freiräume des Einzelnen größer denn je, sich ein eigenes Konzept des guten Lebens zu wählen und zu verwirklichen. Dieser Liberalisierung steht jedoch die scheinbar unaufhaltsame Beschleunigung des sozialen Lebens im Kapitalismus gegenüber. Dieses Regime der Deadlines lässt Lebensentwürfe scheitern und führt zu einem sich immer stärker ausbreitenden Gefühl der Entfremdung. Behutsam und anhand von konkreten Beispielen sucht Rosa nach Formen nichtentfremdeten Lebens. Sein pointierter Essay ist nicht nur eine konzise Einführung in die Theorie der Beschleunigung, sondern eröffnet auch erste Perspektiven, wie wir dem rasenden Stillstand entkommen können.

Theorien sozialer Strukturen

Ansätze und Probleme

Author: Peter Michael Blau

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322839648

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 719